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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 15, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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palestinian president mahmoud abbas says actions in little occupied territories could spark a religious conflict as violence continues. ♪ ♪ hello and welcome to al jazeera, live from our head quarters in doha. i am elizabeth puranam. also ahead. more help to the syrian government. reports say thousands of iranian troops have been sent to fight rebels. seeking piece, myanmar's government is dealing with armed groups but divisions remain. and we meet students in the u.s. who are planting for the
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future. and doing it one rare or kid at a time. ♪ ♪ palestinian president mahmoud abbas is calling for international intervention after more violence across the occupied territories and israel. on wednesday israeli forces shot dead two palestinians after reported stabbing attacks, 32 palestinians and seven israelis have been killed in the past two weeks, andrew simmonds reports. >> reporter: panic as israeli special forces police run through a mall at west jerusalem's main bus station. nobody here can work out exactly what is happening. [ gunshots ] >> reporter: later on the streets outside, two gunshots and a dark figure by the doorway, one of the special force officers has shot dead a palestinian man. police say he had stabbed a woman in the bus station.
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that wasn't caught on the cell phone camera. the woman, an israeli, was taken to hospital with what police described as moderate injuries. any hope, anyone might have had that the announcement of new security measures would have an immediate effect have been shattered. and once again, questions loom about how the security forces are handling the situation. hours before a young palestinian was shot dead in the old city of occupied east jerusalem. police say he had pulled a knife when he was being searched. this is the man as he is running away, struck down by gunfire. he appears to have been shot in the back. earlier the streets had been disturbingly quiet. people preferring not to venture out. the army now deployed in the cities in line with the new security measures. >> you can see it's almost empty here. so the people a little bit.
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[ inaudible ] especially the mothers or the kids going to the garden or to the school. >> reporter: in occupied east jerusalem, there was a mood of pessimistic expectation. the new measures allow the blockading of whole neighborhoods. the demolition of homes of attackers. a ban on rebuilding. and also refusal to return the bodbodies of people the governmt calls terrorists. >> the punishment will not achieve the goals of the israeli government. the only way to achieve the goals with a peaceful way of living between israelis and palestinian is his to establish a two-state solution. >> reporter: on the west bank, more violence. this is bethlehem where demonstrators clashed with soldiers again. here the dave before, a 27-year-ol27-year-old protestern shot dead. with israel waiting for the new security measures to take effect, the palestinian president went on the verbal
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offensive. >> translator: we are people who are asking for rights. we are not aggressive against anyone. and we don't want any aggressions against our people. we are asking for the world, the united nation to his intervene. we will not tolerate this occupation and we will not give up fighting the israeli policies which are against our people and our sacred sites. we will not stand for the killing of our children in cold blood. >> reporter: as israel once again witnesses more violence, there is political deadlock. one that has a lethal price for so many people. andrew simmons, al jazeera, in west jerusalem. let's move onto other news now. thousands of iranian troops have reported to have arrived in syria to help the regime carry out a ground offensive. the reinforcements come after russia began airstrikes and increased hezbollah against opposition fighters. the u.s. and regional allies are against the growing international force that his support the assad regime inside
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syria. >> reporter: close to the syrian capital damascus, civilian bodies routine lie line the streets after airstrikes. this area has been opposed to bashar al-assad's government for years, it's paid the price. more than a dozen people died in this strike alone activists say. the syrian regime has stepped up attacks in yes remember days on rebel-held areas after russia's air campaign and iran is reportedly sending thousands of thousand of troops to support them. this is the head of the revolutionary guard special forces. he's reportedly in assad al wide support base. we cannot independently verify these images, by iranian leaders visiting syria are not hiding their support for president assad. >> translator: american and its allies were not taking this development seriously and treated it as a joke, that's why the new coalition and new team has entered the stage. this means it could be part of a new development this the region. >> reporter: the so-called new
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team prop up the syrian regime is backed by russian air power and ground support from lebanese shia group hezbollah. and now the complexities on the ground also exist in the sky above syria. the u.s. and russia are trying to work on air safety protocol to his avoid an international incidents during their separate bombing campaigns. >> translator: they rely they would not accepted a delegation for moscow or receive one to washington because our american colleagues are only interesting in steps that would help avoid incidents. >> we are not able at this time to associate ourselves more broadly with russia's approach in syria because it is wrong headed. & strategically short sided. >> reporter: u.s. allies in the region agree on what they say is the short citedness of assad's supporters. they want syrian opposition fighter to prevail. >> translator: we should solve the syrian cries bice political
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methods. the country needs a temporary government to protect those civil and military facilities then create a new constitution and general lex. but into shar al-assad should be excluded. >> reporter: but on the ground the russian, iranian and syrian a lines has halted the rebel advance. as every force declares it is the one fighting isil, the group continues to gain more territory. and more syrians continue to die. al jazeera. eight armed ethnic groups have signed a historic peace deal. aimed at ending more than 60 years of civil war and resolving tensions ahead of november's elections think of but divisions remain and not every armed group is signing. myanmar's ethnic diversity is at the heart of the conflict. there are more than 130 ethnic groupings, the late ethnic minorities across myanmar, eight of them have armies and there are dozens more armed groups fighting government forces. the conflict began in 1949.
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soon after independence when power was unexpectedly handed to the majority including -- excluding numerous ethnic minor adveritise. the country has been in civil war ever since with 10s of thousands of people killed and injured. myanmar has one of the highest numbers of child soldiers in the world. wayne hay has more from bangkok and neighboring thailand. >> reporter: this nationwide ceasefire agreement has been one of the key priorities of the president of myanmar since he took office four years ago. but what he has ended up with today will certainly not be what he was hoping for given that less than half of the rebel army's rebel organizations in the country have not agreed to sign this deal. one of the most significant groups that is not present is the independent army which controls large parts of the north of myanmar and has been involved in some of the worst fighting with government troops
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over the years. in fact, further south, there has been fresh fighting in recent days. so there is still a lot of skepticism about this deal, a lack of trust in some of those areas between the rebel armies, the rebel organizations and the government. and its soldiers. so after this agreement is signed between those groups, they will immediately begin work on a framework for political dialogue. iran is facing a deadline to submit information on its nuclear program. the parliament and high council have approved an international deal limiting the nuclear activity in exchange no sanctions relief. the u.n.'s nuclear watchdog must verify that iran is not developing weapons. u.s. president barack obama says he's sending 300 troops to cameroon to help counter boko haram fighters. the armed group is blame today suicide attacks that killed nine people and injured more than 38 in the country on sunday.
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nigeria will lead a regional multinational force which is set to begin operations against the group. >> what the us has don united ss tried to do is offer some of the unique capabilities that we have in the united states military toy assist that regional effort. this deployment will be part of an effort to conduct airborne intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance operations in the region. this is obviously a unique capacity that the united states has to bring to bear to this effort and it will be used in support of the ongoing regional counter extremist efforts that are ongoing there. an africa policy analyst says american help to fight boko haram is long overdue. >> well, i think it will be significant on two levels. one is just the symbolism of it.
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boko haram has been rampageing in nigeria and the neighboring countries for years and even on a personal note i have been on al jazeera over the years, maybe 20 different interviews where i have said it's in the u.s. interest to help the africans contain the situation in the same manner, in the same manner that the u.s. and 60 other countries are helping countries around iraq and syria to fight isis, i think so for us, it is important as a matter of properly helping the africans. but secondarily, the u.s. military has special capabilities that the african forces from the five countries, nigeria included don't have this. so they need it and it's time that they got it. especially the air surveillance. so i think it's going to hem. of course, sending foreign troops in to africa is always a dangerous thing, it's always a sensitive thing so it has to be
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done carefully. what i recommend is very narrow. that while nigeria was fighting boko haram, they needed assistance. the assistance does not always have to be american boots on the ground. it could be equipment, it could be advice it, could be even moral support. under the previous nigerian government, goodluck jonathan when he asked for help he did he want get it. he was told that boko haram was not a terrorist organization, that he should negotiate with them. still to come in the bulletin, find out how an unusual border agreement between india and bangladesh has left major crime unresolved. and mexico's government got more than it bargained for after telling people to stop complaining. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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♪ ♪ good to have you with us, i am elizabeth puranam in doha. these are the top stories a al jazeera. palestinian president mahmoud abbas is calling for international intervention following another day of violence across the occupied territories and israel. on wednesday, israeli forces shot dead two palestinians after reported stabbing attacks. there are reports that iran is deploying thousands of troops to syria to help the government offensive in aleppo and hama hu. myanmar government and aid armed ethnic groups have signed a historic peace agreement. it seems a significant step towards ending more than 60 years of civil war. but seven rebel groups haven't signed the deal.
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now, on thursday the united nations general assembly will vote on the nonpermanent security council seats for next year. ukraine, egypt, japan and senegal are running unopposed, our diplomatic editor james bays reports. >> reporter: the war in syria, after four and a half years a human catastrophe with at least 250,000 dead. but it's also a major failure of global diplomacy. now the u.s. and its allies firmly opposed to president is sad, and russia, one of his strongest supporters, both find themselves directly involved carrying out airstrikes in syria. and this is not the only reason u.s.-russian relation are the worst they have been since the cold war. after annexing crimea from ukraine, russia stands accused of backing separatists in eastern ukraine. all this has soured things around the security council table. >> those against. >> reporter: with russia using
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its veto some seven times in the last five years. now the situation around this table is supposed to have the final say on international peace and security, is about to get even more complicated. after an election by the u.n. general assembly of formality it's running unopposed in its regional block, ukraine will next year join the council. one person who understands the dynamics of the security council is ambassador rosemary decarlo as actioning u.s. ambassador, she was president of the counsel in july 2013. >> i don't think it's a new cold war. i think it is a bumpy relationship we have with russia now, between the west and russia. it's a bit chilly. i do think, however, that some of the issues, the very serious issue that his we cannot resolve with the russians or have not been able to until this point, ukraine, syria, we certainly had disagreements over u.s. and nato intervention in libya as you know. i think that unfortunately, that
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these disagreements are spilling over to other issues. and that is most unfortunate. >> reporter: not only is ukraine due to join the council, mean that go two players in a conflict, ukraine and russia, will both be sitting around this top table of international diplomacy, another interesting factor is the arab seat on the council. the u.s.' strong ally, jordan, will soon finish its term. it's due to be replaced by egypt. yes, it's a u.s. ally, but recently president sisi has been making overtures to moscow too. things are likely to get even more complicated. james bays, a at the united nations. now, at least 800,000. [ inaudible ] across india have shot against the state of medicine online. chemists say buying pills on internet is illegal and putting customers at risk, they are drawing up guidelines to regulate it. pharmacists accuse the government of not doing enough to protect their businesses.
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more than 30,000 indians live in small enclaves land locked with bangladesh borders and for nearly 70 years there has been no police presence there because of an unusual border agreement. as this report shows that means many criminal cases remain unsolved. >> reporter: it looks like a patch of overgrown bush, but this is the grave of his father. the thicket, annoys him, he feels it sullies the memory of his father. but what bothers him far more, is that his father's killer was never really brought to justice. >> translator: my father's murderer was punished by being made to put his nose to the ground and crawl in front of a crowd. so i guess that must have been embarrassing for him. >> reporter: this bizarre punishment is entirely due to the location where the murder took place. he lives in a vellum that used to belong to india until july this year. because it's located inside
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bangladesh's borders, india's police and courts have not had access since the british left behind a did i i'd haved i' div. bangladesh can't come here either so so they had to come up with their own solutions. >> translator: when we proved someone was guilty, we would punish them with fines and physical torture. that stopped people from committing crimes. >> reporter: he insists physical beatings were necessary because safety in the enclaves was deteriorating fast. now that the enclaves have been handed over to bangladesh, its law enforcement agencies will be able to resolve any future disputes and prosecute crimes. but what many, including victims' families want to know, is whether authorities will also look in to crimes committed in the past. official records are nonexistent
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here, but residents and the local public prosecutors say 20 to 30 murders have taken place since 1971. >> translator: the state does not discourage people from seeking justice. but these people will face many obstacles. we don't have postmortem reports of these murders, many of the witnesses have died in the years that have passed. so it will be difficult. >> reporter: he says he doesn't even know if the man who killed his father is still alive. he wants justice to be served. but he's not looking forward to the uphill battle he will have to fight in order to achieve that. al jazeera, bangladesh. now china is hosting an informal meeting of defense ministers from the association of southeastern asian nations it comes during riding tensions. beijing has denounced the
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planned to conduct military actions among the disputed islands. china says these are their a lands the claims overlap with a number of other countries in the south china sea, step vaessen reports. >> reporter: two world powers flexing their muscles over seven small islands in the south china sea. recent satellite photos show building on coral reefs reclaimed by china. the construction includes what the u.s. suspects will be the latest of three air fields on reefs which the u.s. says are in international waters. u.s. plans for military exercise in the disputed area is adding to existing tension. >> of course it will add to the already existing stepses in the area. and of course, you know, a lot of countries are looking at this very carefully and then we hope that they will not actually, you know, create a new tension.
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>> reporter: china denies it is militarizing the reefs which are near disputed islands also claimed by taiwan, vietnam, brunei, malaysia and the philippines. china accuses of u.s. of flexing its military muscles. u.s. armed forces have recently increased their presence in the asia pacific region and intensified navy exercises like this one off the coast of indonesia. >> the u.s. navy is committed to helping provide security to, you know, southeast asia. the waters surrounding these countries. i think it's part of america's rebalance to the asia pacific, the indo asia pacific, so it's not just the united states navy, it's the countries in the region, they have a shared and mutual interest in maintaining stability. >> reporter: during the exercise, 600 u.s. marines and sailors took part in several large amphibious beach assaults. the united states showing their presence here in southeast asia
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with sanctions rising in the south china sea, exercises like these are also seen as a show of force. in one of the world's most. [ inaudible ] waters. many around the region hope the two super powers will be able to control themselves. >> this kind of events is not immediately so dangerous, >> reporter: southeast asian nations hope to speed up negotiations about a so-called code of conduct. it aims to regulate freedom of navigation as sea and over flying rights to contribute to peace in the south china sea. but it may be too late with u.s.
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plans to test the waters and carry out its freedom of navigation exercise very soon. step vaessen, al jazeera, jakarta. opposition parties in brazil will appeal against a supreme court decision to delay a vote on whether to impeach president dilma rousseff. the injunction gives them more time to try to get more votes in congress to try for avoid impeach: she is accused of manipulating government accounts. public service announcement in mexico has stirred converse i the ad says mexicans should stop complaining about problems in the country and it has throwed a lot of complaints, as john hulman reports. >> reporter: this is the promo video the mexican government put online then took down hours later after an outcry. in a vignette set in working class mexico a carpenter tells of a work mate moaning about the government's controversial reforms, he end his lecture with
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what the p.r. market must have thought was a killer line. >> translator: enough already of your complaining, he says in slang. >> reporter: but that line has angered many mexicans. >> translator: how are we not going complain when there is so much wrong with the country? >> translator: it's like they are mocking us because they know what a lot of people will get annoyed, but a lot of people will say, well, maybe the reforms are helping. >> translator: if they are tired of the complaints they should do their job, simple as that. if they solved the problems we wouldn't be complaining. >> reporter: twitter has jumped on the theme with a long list of complaints they do have in a country where corruption and impunity dominate. within hours the video was gone. it's the latest setback for president enrique peña neito who served to power on a wave of arc straighted appearances on mexico's traditionally subservients tv champions. the online word hats proved much more difficult to tame as more
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and more mexicans got connected its proved the lawn offing pad for frosts against government corruption and ineptitude. nowhere more so an than after the police abduction of 43 students a year ago. the marches were quickly organized online while the government is slow to react. subsequent attempts to turn social media and the president -- in the president's fave, like this lighthearted post to disprove a resume their he ran a marathon in mismatched socks have bombed. leaving him perhaps secretly echo the words of his administration's spot. enough already of your complaints. john hulman, al jazeera, mexico city. now, for centuries or kids have been amongst the most rare and collectible flowers, but urban developments and changes to the landscape mean entire fees us have disappeared, how one program in the u.s. aims to make the flowers bloom again. andy gallagher reports. >> reporter: at this school in
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miami they are plant for this future. but this isn't your average gardening project. >> you will measure from where the root come out higher to the base of where the leaf is coming out. >> reporter: this school and dozens of others across the city are taking part in a scheme to reintroduce native or kids that were once commonplace. >> so this is the -- >> reporter: the idea is based on a similar project in singapore and the aim to bring these blooms to miami's urban streets. >> this is the future and this is almost a bleak reality of it, we are losing habitat at an unprecedented rate. populations are growing, we need it find ways to be creative to main tape biodiversity and need to start with these you are began matrixes. >> reporter: the million or kid project hopes to reestablish a healthy population of plants within five years, but the challenges are huge. a single or kid can produce a million seeds. but if conditions aren't perfect, they die. biologically very little is known about or kids. some of the rarest species only flower once every few years, in
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many cases the germination process a complete mystery. but those behind this project know it's high-risk with potentially high rewards. to insure the project's success the or kids are grown in laboratories by volunteers. each minute seed is nurse today full maturity and the man behind the program hopes it will restore the or kid population to its former glory. >> i would love for people to think of miami as honor kid city. love for people to come to south florida specifically to see the show of orchids that will come in to bloom at fair parts year. >> reporter: orr kidd herorchidn devastated. those behind the project expect some threat but hope the next generation will be part of their rebirth. >> just be fun to see plants, you plants i help grow being in the street and just knowing that you helped them. >> reporter: there are a few orchids now left in the wild
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here if all goes well the south florida streets can be home it a healthy top layings of rare and delegate blooms. andy gallagher, al jazeera, miami, florida. just a reminder that you can keep up to date with all the news on our website, that's at >> i'm ali velshi. "on target" tonight, friend or foe: the key american ally in nato that seems to be playing boat side i sides in the fight against i.s.i.s. . what a difference a year makes. especially when it comes to power politics in the middle east. last year turkey was a relatively stable country. it also seemed to be sorting out a decades-old conflict with its largest ethnic minority, the kurds.