>> more blood shed in the israel-palestin-palestine area. you're watching al jazeera live from london. the u.s. and russia agree to rules and restrictions to prevent accidents between their warplanes over syria. >> the visit to the united kingdom marks a milestone of this unprecedented year of cooperation and friendship. >> the banquet fit for a queen
and a president as china's president begins his u.k. visit. and together again but for how long? the korean families torn apart by war rejoice in their reunions. >> whether it will have an effect the diplomatic campaigns gathering some kind of momentum, trying to bring an end to violence. but on tuesday the anger spilled over again. protesters throwing stones at israeli forces in bethlehem. similar scenes in ar ramallah. in later developments the israeli army said that two palestinians were shot dead after trying to stab soldiers. in all five palestinians died on tuesday. the u.s. secretary general has been to the region. he said he wants peace, and he
wants palestinians and israelis to step back from what he calls a dangerous abyss. we'll have more on ban ki-moon's comments in a moment, but first we have this report from the occupied west bank. >> ten minutes' drive from ramallah where ban ki-moon is meeting with the palestinian president on wednesday, this is the message from the youth, goading each other on. it's been a potentially lethal cat and mouse game. soldiers versus protester on the occupied west bank. this woman who left her children at home to come here said that throwing stones is the only way she can express herself. >> this is not life. this is not real life. it's not life any more. it is a life oh only for israelis. if you are palestinian, you have no rights, you have no rights to move, you have no rights to travel. you have no rights to even have
any hope in this life. >> in bethlehem israeli soldiers had clashed with larger crowds of demonstrators. now driven back from a separation line into the distance. and so with the barrage of tear gas the israeli army holds it's ground, and this is a spot that protesters were trying to get to. bethlehem separated wall. one of the landmarks of occupation. the fear gas barrages were relentless. and the plastic-coated steal bullets with were the main cause of injuries. protesters hit back but could not get as far as the separation wall. there were only a few who broke through. one with a molotov cocktail. it landed near the al jazeera camera tripod. we managed to move a meter away before it ignited.
the man responsible made a run for it. these young palestinians continue their protest every day, and every night they say they'll never give up. al jazeera. >> stephanistephanie dekker is in jerusalem with more on the diplomatic efforts. >> the u.n. secretary general's visit here really significant in the sense that it shows a heightened concern about what is happening here. i don't think we expect any changes on the ground to happen from his visit. certainly we'll be meeting with the palestinian president mahmood abbas on wednesday. but he's been meeting with the israeli prime minister. they issued a joint statement, and this is some of what they had to say. >> israelis and palestinians stand on the brink of another ca can it catastrophe and
violence. we must create the conditions for meaningful negotiations that will end the occupation and realize the aspirations of all the peoples israel is acting as any democracy would. we are not using excessive force. if the international community truly wants to help end the bloodshed and violence, i believe it must affirm israel's proven commitment to the status quo on the temple mount. it must support israel's right to self defense, and it must hold president abbas accountable for his dangerous words. >> that goes to show the really polarization when you listen to the israeli narrative and the palestinian narrative. the visit of u.s. secretary of
state john kerry. he'll be in germany expecting to meet the prime minister there. and he'll meet with the palestinian president mahmood abbas to try and figure out a way to instill some confidence here that will appease what is an incredibly volatile situation. key to that, muslim access, muslim acces caroline muslim prayer access to the al aqsa mount. israel wants to allow views to pray on the side because they see right wing jews and to build a third temple. all these things, even though israel has no intention of changing the status quo, are very difficult to address. the key question will be with this diplomatic push how does it translate to confidence on the
street to try to appease what is incredibly sensitive and volatile situation. >> the united states and russia have agreed on what are rules and restrictions this is what the pentagon had to say. >> today senior officials from the department of defense and the russian ministry of defense sign a memorandum of understanding regarding measures to minimize the risk between coalition and russian aircraft operating a syrian air space. the mou is now in effect. the mou includes specific safety protocols for cruise to follow.
>> let's hear more from our correspondent rosalind jordan in washington, d.c. and listen to that pentagon briefing. >> russia and u.s. military officials have signed a memorandum of understanding that basically spells out how their aircraft can interact and not interact in syrian air space. as far as the specifics are concerned, the russians don't want those spelled out. they don't know if it's for security reasons or political reasons at home. they will not be coordinating inside syrian and the syrian government is not a party to this deal. in a said there is going to be some level of communication between the russians and the u.s.-led coalition as they carry out their air operations inside syria. there is also going to be a reiteration of the so-called rules of the road or rules of air space basically reaffirming that russian and american pilots
are going to practice good airmanship. that they're going to behave in a way that does not pose a threat to the other side. the fear, of course, here in washington that some sort of lack of communication could lead to an mid-air collision or some sort of confrontation. something that the u.s. did not want. even though they're not releasing any details the u.s. is pleased that this agreement has finally been signed. >> that was roslind jordan. the syrian observatory for human rights said that at least 300 people have within killed by russian airstrikes, and 45 died in attacks on the rebel-held region of latakia province. this is a regime stronghold that has been a cooking target of the russian campaign. caroline malone reports. >> airstrikes like these have killed a number of civilians in
syria. the government's jets have killed many people since fighting began more than four years ago. but these are part of a recent campaign by the russian military. moscow's defense ministry said that they hit workshops and ammunition depots between idlib and latakia. fighting government officials in the region as well as north towards aleppo. opposition groups said that they destroyed an armor personnel carrier while the syrian news agency said that the government retook a number of villages just outside of aleppo backed by air cover by russian jets. the violence has forced had a 54 from the region in recent days. >> in the morning there are rockets and barrel bombs. they're using all kinds of heavy weapons against us. >> they wouldn't have much of a chance if they had stayed. this is what is left of the
area. activists say most of the victims are civilians. aleppo is only 50 kilometers from the border with turkey was was once syria's financial and industrial hub. it's been the focus of a three-way fight between regime forces and isil fighters for months. now that russia is involved in a fight from the air, there may an change in the power on the ground. there is already an impact on people living here. as more of them are forced to run away from home. caroline malone, al jazeera. >> china's president xi jinping has held what he calls the bright future of relations with britain. he addressed applications of ceremonial visit during which there are more than $46 billion are expected to be signed off. chinese companies invested just over $5 million in the u.k. last
year. more than they spent in ail other european country. about 5% of british goods are exported to china. that's up from 1.3% about a decade ago. still well behind the china-bound goods. well, britain's chancellor are seen here on a recent trip to china thinks his country the u.k. can do better. he wants china to be the u.k. second biggest trading partner about 2025. with all of that background let's hear more from central london. >> britain than rolled out the red carpet treating him to a p procession in central london and a royal gun salute. at the start of the four-day visit he was given the rare honor of addressing both in parliament. >> parliamentaireens are the
cream of society. i bid thee well to skill hire and see further. i hope you continue to promote the u.k.'s relationship with china, strengthen our friendship and support our cooperation, and i hope you'll build a bridge of understanding and cooperation to build a brighter and promising future for our bilateral ties. largely ceremonial day before the two sides get down to business. they expect president xi to endorse more than $45 billion in trade and investment deals as they look for cash for projects from high speed rail links to power stations. >> quite a wide range of sectors, and it's a chance for them to engage on lots of different levels. >> but not everyone wants a closer relationship with china.
>> in the last three years when xi came to power there has been an alarming deterioration in an already poor human rights. several people have been arrested. some released, but 20 we main 20 remain in prison and some without lawyers. >> over the next few days president xi will visit companies, a football club and take a trip to manchester where david cameron hopes to make an announcement of more investmen investments. >> we take a trip to canada in just a moment to meet the country's incoming prime minister.
and in the occupied west bank. the pentagon said that the u.s. and russia has agreed on a set of rules on how they can avoid aerial conflict and accidents as they carry out airstrikes against fighters on the ground in syria. and china's president xi jinping has been hosted to a banquet by queen elizabeth at the start of a four-day visit to the u.k. the military could be patrolling slovenia's border to croatia to reduce the number of refugees moving from one country to the other. thaqueues of refugees continue to funnel through slovenia through to austria. we have reports from the border. >> their progress has been hampered by bad weather and restrictions.
from the refugee camp on slovenia side more than 2,000 men, women and children gave up waiting and came streaming down the hill towards the austrian vo front tear. >> we don't want anything. we want to complete our journey. >> austrian soldiers and police along a barrier using translators. the atmosphere was anything but calm. >> this group behind me has come walking down the street from the slovenian side and they're not registered on the austrian side and they're just trying to push their way through. clearly it's not going to succeed but the authorities are having great difficulty in maintaining order. the breaking point the arrival earlier on tuesday of hundreds more refugees to the slovenian border camp hosting two and a half thousand people. until then the camp had been
orderly. there are many with donations providing food and clothes. >> these people hit my heart. i emptied my closet. i took all the children because itch a small child, and i bring them here. brought them here to help people. because they are wet. >> slovenia, a country of just 2 million people said it cannot cope with the numbers arriving from croatia and continue to outstrip the numbers allowed to move onward to austria. slovenia police are now reinforced their capability and brought riot vehicles along the croatian border. austria denies restricting numbers, and they say they're processing rage refugees as quickly as the process will allow.
>> there is no limitation of persons we get from slovenia, but we need to have a correct--correct order. >> correct procedures. >> correct procedure to get them, so this is the problem. >> the police don't lack compassion, but it seems that the system cannot keep up with the reality. but for this group the journey is almost over. they're now bordering coaches. they'll be taking in to austria to their preferred destination of germany. paul brennan on the border. >> the man who will be canada's next prime minister, justin trudeau after a surprise election victory. >> i think one of the things that has been a challenge in the
relationship between canada and the united states is that it has in many cases been focused on a single point of disagreement, a single or potential point of disagreement, and i made a point of saying much broader in our conversation about the broad importance of this relationship and the work we have to do together on issues of shared interest. >> the french. >> during a meeting with matter supporters forces and isil fighters years ago that le pen likened muslims praying in the streets to the nazi occupation. if found guilty she face as year in prison and a fine of $51,000. former president to the united nations' general assembly has been charged with bribery by an u.s. grand jury. john ashe was general assembly president in 2013-2014, and has
been indicted bay federal grand jury in manhattan two weeks after he was arrested. alleged bribery also involved four other people. protests are growing in australia over the deportation of a pregnant refugee who said she was raped while being held on the pacific island of naru. that's where they keep refugees as they enter australia by boat. the story is overshadowing australia's attempt to join the human rights council. [ chanting bring her back ] >> she's only known as abian. the 23-year-old somali refugee who has been detained on the park island of naru after reaching australia by boat. she said she was raped while in detention which resulted in a pregnancy. ten days ago the government brought her back to australia to have an abortion only to send her back to nauru five days
later saying she had changed her mind about terminating her pregnancy. >> provided advice that she didn't want to proceed with the termination. and then was brought back to nauru. >> but that's disputed. she said in a letter she just wanted more time to make up her mind. she never refused an abortion. for most australians most refugees are held on nauru, out of sight, out of mind. most journalists, too, are banned from visiting the country. but abian and her plight has cut through. as well as protests on the streets, videos are shared online. there are petitions, too, and some opposition options have been scathing against the government. >> there was no scheduled time for a procedure.
>> she zit meet your abortion deadline, that's it. fly her out of the country. it's pretty harsh. >> on monday australia launched its bid human rights bid against one woman's plight. hundreds of people from the north and the south have been reunited with their loved ones at last. harry fawcett reports. >> in a hotel just north of the border that splits north korea from south, deepest emotions rushed for the. the prevailing one is love, brother for sister, parent for child, husband for wife. this woman was three months pregnant when her husband disappeared during the korean
war. we met mother and son as they prepared for their journey. >> back then we were only just married. we hadn't even called each other darling, not even once. >> they joined nearly 400 others on the journey north. more than 66000 sout 66,000 korea66,000-degreeremain. 33,000 have died. we're certainly try our best to make it a regular ongoing rendezvous reunion. >> soon, the buses were making their way to the resorts. >> they're given added poignancy by the fact that they're so fleeting. just six hours meeting two hours each, and then it's over.
and given the nature of these two countries it's a high likelihood that this is the last chance that these people will ever have. >> whole lives in brief conferences. no second chances to get these moments right before they, too, become memories. harry fawcett, al jazeera. >> they thought perhaps in zimbabwe they had ended the reign of the poachers that had been killing elephants, but that may not be the case. >> more than 40 years old, some how she got separated from her herd and joined this group of buffaloes. because of her size she appears to be in charge. but elephants are not safe from poachers. poachers have been putting cyanide in watt, sat licks and fruit eaten by elephants. it's a devastating blow by people on the front line trying to protect wildlife.
but they say they're not giving up. >> you got to be optimistic if you're in this game. if you're down and out and you're not optimistic, you shouldn't be in the industry. it's not a great picture out there, but we remain positive that we keep fighting and protecting. it doesn't matter what it takes. i'm not prepared to give up. we've gone, we've been on a very hard, long, tough journey so far, and there is no way that we're going to start. >> some poachers are caught or killed fighting park rangers, but wildlife officials say it's hard to stay one step ahead of the poachers. >> we need now to get into applying sophisticated strateg strategies to trick down some of these poachers. so the issue of the drones and also the use of aircraft is something that we are moving towards. don't appreciate also that we have the border along botswana.
that's where many of the poachers come from. >> they say there is not enough money to cope with the nationwide spike in the cyanide poisoning. it has badly effected tourism. tourists are coming but it's not as high as it used to be. >> the money from tourism feeds the animals and creates security to protect these elephants. the cyanide poison does not discriminate. all animals are vulnerable. what is a valley for rangers is that they target fewer animals at a time possibly to avoid detection. al jazeera, zimbabwe. >> from the very big now to the domestic dog. where do they come from
originally? well, apparently they can trace their origins from central asia. researchers say they may have started somewhere near me balance and mongolia coming from wolves. www.aljazeera.com for more on all the world's news. ♪ >> after almost a decade in charge, canada's conservatives were routed at the voting poot. prime minister stephen harper is out. and the liberal leader, justin trudeau will form a new government with an outright majority. what will that mean for america's biggest