>> benjamin netanyahu sparks controversy and condemn inflation by absolving adolph hitler and blaming muslims for holholocaust. temperatures drop to near freezing for thousands of refugees stranded at a camp near slovenia. the keys for success. >> being it's good but i just want to make a contribution. >> a 21-year-old wins first prize, makes history at a chopin competition. >> an you're watching al jazeera america, good evening i'm jetblue. antonio mora has the nighgood en
betz. red carpet welcome for the syrian about the russian president vladimir putin invited bashar al-assad to moscow but the meeting was secret until today. this was the first time assad left syria since the war erupted four year years ago. speaking on the phone with leaders of saudi arabia, jordan, egypt and turkey. meanwhile, the bombs continue to fall in syria. targeting volunteers on a mission to idlib. jamie mcintire reports. >> russia and the united states are not just at odds in the skies over syria but also are engaged had a raging milk relations battle, each offering a vastly different narrative for what's happening on the ground.
drone video from a russian state tv cameraman went viral this week the video with an added sound track shows a syrian government attack. aerial view of the ex tent of the devastation near the syrian capital after four years of war. misery which the pentagon now accuses russian air power of simply adding to. >> the russians have been indiscriminate, they have been reckless in syria, they seem to have no difficulty dropping cluster munition around where civilians may be. they do not appear to be based on their actions they do not appear to be interested in defeating i.s.i.l. they appear to be interested in preserving the assad regime. >> reporter: the white house says syrian president bashar al-assad's red carpet welcome in moscow ends the fiction that
russian intervention is about anything other than keeping assad in power. the pentagon continues to insist moscow is lying not only about who it's bombing, insisting only a fraction of the strikes target i.s.i.l, but also exaggerating the number and effectiveness of the strikes. russia says it's conducted hundreds of air strikes since it began bombing three weeks ago. the u.s. says it's more like 140. meanwhile the pentagon says it's putting more pressure on the i.s.i.l. stronghold of raqqa in northern syria by air dropping 50 tons of munitions to a loose coalition nearby. about 5,000 fighters all told, 50 leaders who were pulled out briefly to get a short course in how to use the ammo.
robert gates told a senate committee the old u.s. plan of taking fighters out of syria for training was never going to work. instead gates testified the u.s. should find motivated tribes or ethnic groups around ar and arm. >> they may not fight in iraq or outside of their own turf against i.s.i.s. but they may well fight to the death to protect their own home land, their own villages. >> reporter: as u.s. and russian war planes now operate under agreed safety protocols in the syrian air space, a video released by the russian defense ministry shows a recent close encounter between a russian jet and an american reefer drone. the agreement immoral, it just gives president putin clear
skies to bomb pentagon partners. why three may b they may be calr forces on the ground and designed to prevent civilian casualties to the greatest extent possible. so far iraq's prime minister has not asked for russia's help. something the pentagon says would be highly problematic. jamie mcintire, al jazeera, the pentagon. >> al jazeera national security advisor, doug olivant joins us. doug good to see you again. >> good evening. >> so what is the purpose of this trip, why would assad and putin decide to meet? they could clearly talk ton phone. they don't need to be face to face to get business settled. >> clearly there's some message here. as you said, this is the first trip assad has taken out of the
country since the civil war began and putin doesn't host these types of leaders very often. this is a big deal for both partners. putin is trying to demonstrate to the world that is he a reliable ally, that he's all in and assad is trying to show the world that he now has a partner and he's probably not going anywhere. >> some interesting tidbits came from this session, assad said political settlement could include all ethnic groups and the syrians should have the deciding vote. what do you read into this? >> first he's trying to say, this is an indigenous process, implicitly saying the west should stay out of it. and secondly, there are a lot of minority groups in syria which for better or worse the regime has protected. there have been minority groups that have lived peacefully in the nation the way they have not
in other nations. there is a little finger-poking here. >> leaving the door open for transition without president assad? >> i think that door is -- there's certainly a door for apolitical transition. the role of assad of course is the deciding variable in nap we, the united states, and most of the coalition, want assad gone very, very close to the beginning if not at the beginning of that transition. it sounds like the russians if at all would have him staying around through bulk of that transition and leaving only at the end. >> even though president putin has previously said he is not married to the idea of president assad as leader of syria? >> right. he's not married to the idea but on the other hand i don't think he's going to put him up as an opening chip in the negotiations either. their default position is going to be able to keep him as long as possible. rep at the end of the day there, the russians are all about
inflations staying out of other nations' business. focusing on u.s. wanting to force assad out. >> thank you doug olivant. united nations secretary-general ban ki-moon urged both sides to pull back from what he coouls dangerous cs escalation. as stefanie dekker reports, there is no sign of that. >> the u.n. secretary-general reiterates his call for calm during what he calls a dangerous escalation. palestinian president mahmoud abbas makes it clear the palestinians have a right to protect themselves but he wants to return to negotiations with the israelis, a message he will be bringing to the u.s. secretary of state john kerry whether he meets him on friday. >> translator: secretary of state kerry knows exactly what we want. we want to return to
negotiations, based on international legitimacy. we will return to negotiations. >> abbas says they have no choice but to ask for international protection. the recent violence hasn't just been about israel's occupation but the fear that israel wants to change the status quo at the al-aqsa mosque known as the temple mount. i asked the u.n. secretary-general what the united nations is doing to calm an extremely volatile situation and what exactly international protection means. >> in the hands of the security council members what kind of international protection forces or international presence, the president is asking if not we either -- international presence
like monitoring or international protection. >> at the al-aqsa compound? >> yes. >> thank you very much for your home, thank you so much. >> but diplomacy seems a world away from the reality on the ground. there have been a steady stream of protests and confrontations with the israeli army and a recent surge in incidents of alleged stabbing stabbings by palestinians of israelis. one palestinian was shot dead and another arrested. and this is the funeral for two palestinian teenagers shot dead in hebron tuesday night. the army says the teens tried stab a group of soldiers but locals say they were unarmed. palestine is being robbed its women and children and elders are being abused. in jerusalem young men are being killed without committing a crime. a knife is planted flex to them.
this obviously has an effect on us and makes us demonstrate. >> reporter: two narratives and two peoples becoming more suspicious of each other. only way to calm what has become a tense and violent situation. stefanie dekker, al jazeera, russia plaw iramallah in the oct bank. comments of benjamin netanyahu, recounting a 1941 meeting between the nazi leader and the grand mufti of jerusalem hajj amin al humeni. >> he didn't want to exterminate the jews, he wanted to expel them. he said if you expel them they
will all want to come here. he said what circulate i do with them? he said burn them. >> he was trying to explain that palestinians targeted jews even before the israeli state was created. iran's nuclear deal has pick up the formal endorsement of the supreme leader. ayatollah khamenei apparently approved the deal today. secretary of state john kerry said the deal is for real. >> proof is in the pudding. there is no secret this was very controversial but everyone who is for the agreement and everyone who is opposed to the agreement can at least come together now to support its full and verifiable implementation. that is what is key. >> kerry says iran's actions will be closely watched. raising the recently missile test with the u.n. security council. will not be lifted until the nuclear deal is implemented.
iran says it expects all sanctions to be lifted or they will walk away from the agreements. a fire has destroyed part of a refugee camp in slovenia. in the town on the border with croatia. elsewhere there have been scuffles as exhausted refugees become impatient on their journeys. slovenia has provided army on the border. paul brennan reports. >> firefighters were swiftly on the scene but damage was already done. mrm provision hemergency provisw ruined. the refugees out in the open have been lighting small bonfires to stay warm. clear skies are better than
soaking rain but the nights are significantly colder. >> we are very worried for the capacity really that the people are slowing going, and bottleneck will be problematic. but figure for a long waiting time and then the weather condition. if the weather is still good we can still try do our best providing blanket, providing some food, water. but if the cold weather is getting worse and worse we'll be very problematic. >> reporter: if conditions deteriorate and tensions rising, if the routes to western europe are increasingly restricted. desperation and exhaustion sometimes develop into scuffles between refugees. in slovenia the parliament has voted to deploy soldiers to reinforce police in the transit camps. the army has certainly arrived at the border. the jeep is evidence of that but the numbers involved are extremely small.
we have counted no more than five at the camp here today and their role has been rather limited. they're helping to hand out food to the refugees along the ngos and the police. despite the vote in parliament the larger contribution to the army to the refugee crisis in slovenia is still being worked out. >> translator: the soldiers role right now is to watch over the refugees when they arrive here. if they see something out of place the soldiers must inform the nearest police officer because we are the ones in charge. but army was very busy today and i am very grateful for that. >> reporter: and extraordinary mini summit of european leaders will convene on sunday to discuss the situation in western balkans. images such as these will certainly focus their attention. paul brennan, al jazeera, slovenia. >> and tonight there are plans to imrorve living condition impr
some refugees in france. in calais they will relieve the so-called jungle camps in the city and also will be dploid neadeployedin the channel tunnee many are living without basic services. scheduled to begin in november. a deadly challenge. the enormous challenge of trying cover the fight against i.s.i.l. in iraq. also ahead tonight, why native brazilians are preparing for battle instead of competition in the world indigenous games.
>> welcome back. so far this year 44 journalists have been killed around the world, according to the committee to protect journalists. 75% of them were covering politics. as al jazeera's imtiaz tyab reports, iraq in particular is one of the deadliest places for reporters. >> reporter: for 25 years, he has had the grim job of counting the number of journalists who have lost their lives covering the job. detailed reports of every killing and kidnapping. he says rarely has he been able to cover details of an arrest or conviction in his reports and that the rise of i.s.i.l. has made the dangers facing journalists dramatically worse.
>> translator: working in iraq the constantly threat is i.s.i.l. i.s.i.l. has carried out mass acers against many journalists in citiemassacres in cities thel like mosul. >> the committee to protect journalists released what it calls its impunity index report. the report looks at the unsolved murders of journalists where attacks often go unpunished. up to this year, iraq has consistently been at the top of that list but moving down to second place is far from encouraging for press freedom in iraq. since the 2003 u.s. led invasion close to 170 iraqi journalists have been killed in targeted killings with only one of those ever resulted in a conviction which is why press freedom groups say anyone who kills a journalist is getting away with
murder. at a time when iraqi journalists are facing increasing threats iraq's media industry is booming. before the u.s. led invasion in 2003, there are 35 newspapers, 30 tv channels. but militias, pose a serious threat to journalists. >> translator: these militias operate under an official cover and therefore they can target any journalist who opposes it and they can get away with it because thee armed groups are te protected from the government. >> haider al-abadi denies such claims saying it stands for press freedom but yet it is
another serious concern. imtiaz tyab, al jazeera, baghdad. another number could add to the tally. former bbc reporter jackie sutton walking up to a security desk, at the terminal prior to when she was found hung in a bathroom. she was the acting director for the institute of war and peace reporting. this friday brazil will host the first ever world indigenous games. athletes representing 22 countries from australia to russia will compete. the game showcases traditional sports but one group is refusing to play. instead they want to fight. regina low pe lopez explains wh. >> they are getting ready to
fight for their ancestral land. >> translator: brazil is throwing a huge party to cover up away they have done. how can we even hope to go no these games? >> reporter: holds sacred value, for centuries the group has been consistently displaced by missionaries and now soy and sugar cane farmers. >> we will not leave this lands. we let them take our land once but we won't sacrifice our identity again. we are not from paraguay. we are not from anyplace other than here. we have been on this land for a long time. >> this is one of three tribes that make up the larger group of people. their land disputes were made
even more complicated by a invitation from the brazilian government, to take over this land, following the 1870 war with pa paraguay. in 2005, then president recognized this land belonging to the group. but there was another group. they can wait no longer. last august one of their leaders was killed. a shot to his cheekbone which shattered his skull. five years earlier his brother was killed. to date no one has been responsible for his death. >> translator: we can't accept any other land as part of a deal. this is a land where my brother my grandmother my great grand
plotting are buried. if they don't get out, we won't get out either. >> armed with only bows and arrows, a ash clas clash might e fatal. but this is something the brazilian government can ill afford. virginia lopez, al jazeera. >> four million acres have already been burned in forest fires. smoke covers the region causing flight delays, school cancellations and breathing problems. dry conditions caused by el nino has made this year's fires that much harder to fight. the surprise trip of syrian president bashar al-assad, why he went to moscow to meet with the russian president. and how a lack of women as diplomats is affecting america's foreign policy.
stories making headlines across the u.s. in our american minute. >> unfortunately we're out of time, time for mounting a winning campaign for the democratic flom nation. >> the vice president ended months of speculation about a possible white house bid. hillary clinton spoke with biden today, calling him an inspiration. it's looking more and more likely that paul ryan will be the new speaker of the house. the freedom caucus came out in support of the republican. the secret vote will be taken a week from today. the secretary of homeland security jeh johnson says he is committed to vetting 10,000 syrians coming to the united states, but he worries about those from european countries that do not require a visa. back to our top story tonight. syrian president bashar
al-assad's surprise trip omoscow last night. he flew there to meet with russian president vladimir putin, three weeks into russian air strikes supporting the syrian army. rory challands reports. >> it's one of the political surprises the russian president so loves to pull. bashar al-assad who hasn't left syria since his country's uprising four years ago, visits plowsmoscow unannounced. >> the terrorism has spread to more territories and states, not just in our region but in other regions too. >> russia's air strikes have loud bashar al-assad's army to go on the offensive after months of set backs. they have also according to the syrian observatory for human rights killed 370 people, 170 civilians and 243 fighters.
but russia seems increasingly eager to find a political solution to the war it's involved in. >> translator: we assume that the long term solution may be reached on the base of the latest military developments and political process with participation from all political, ethnic and religious groups. >> reporter: the west insists that assad should step down soon but putin still shows no sign of abandoning his long time ally. but what about the russian people, how do they feel about the syrian war? well recent polls suggest that a clear majority of them support the air campaign. state tv has pushed the message into millions of homes, russia's primary objective is defeating international terrorism. and online presence is being targeted too. this video made by a state media linked production house is going
after the computer generation, matched to a kinetic dance music sound track but most people here still say they have no desire to see russian troops in syria. they have been told that long messy wars in the middle east are what the united states does, not russia. rory challands, al jazeera, moscow. from government agents to think tanks policy debates are dominated if not totally by men. solutions to difficult complex problems like curbing the rise of i.s.i.l. while some women have cracked the glass ceiling, hillary clinton and madeline albright. it's very unbalanced.
patricia sabga reports. >> only 30% of senior state department officials are women and only 35% of u.s. aid mission directors. women comprise 33% of top leadership in think tanks and that leads to untapped potential which has profound effects on other challenges to u.s. national interest. i recently salt down with ann marie slaughter, where she served as undersecretary of state under hillary clinton. i asked her why foreign policy is problematic. >> it means guns and bombs for most people. it's that simple. you have a majority of women, if you want to look for development experts they are mostly women.
national security experts, mostly men. it is not exactly a welcoming work environment for many women. when i got into foreign policy it was nothing but throw-weights, it was arms control, it was how many war heads does a missile have, but for longest time we didn't have any women in the military. but that's changing. women in the military are likely to go into foreign policy but more likely than all it is a gendered space. we have a very narrow set of ideas about what are the tools that you use? what kind of game are we playing, right? it's always a game of chicken or prisoners dilemma, you know, sort of two states facing off against each other. more women but also, more people of color, just different voices, would give us a different map of the world, i mean in our heads, a different set of tools and different perspectives.
>> reporter: we all understand that women can broaden the debate on foreign policy and yet we don't have that many women heading up major think tanks. we don't have that many women in major foreign policy decisions. we don't see that many women on tv talking about foreign policy. how do we tackle that? >> there is a very concrete way. there is an organization called foreign policy interrupted, women who are writing and thinking about foreign policy, every producer ought to be tapping that. part of that is people go to the usual suspects and the usual suspects are columnists and they are overwhelmingly men. people hire who they know and particularly in this town again, there is just a very powerful old boy's network of foreign policy regulars. >> now, one thing that happens is women often get marginalize
intermediate gender issues. >> yes. >> or their focus and development often get trivialized. as just a women's issue in disguise. does that still happen to you? >> when people ask me about foreign policy they're going to ask me about the middle east, about my time -- so on foreign policy questions i don't get asked questions about women although one of the things i immediately say is hillary clinton was the first woman secretary of state who had what it took knowing she was plenty tough to stand up and say women's issues are not this soft stuff. women's issues are investing in these societies for the long term. if you want to fight terrorism you should be investing in women every bit as you're investing in a counterterrorism network. she was willing to do that but no question, you're pushing against a lot of that's not serious. >> and this is not just about political correctness. one study showed for example the peace agreements last longer when women are involved in the
negotiations. >> an interesting tidbit right there an important conversation. patricia sabga thanks. thank you. >> the cia called wikileaks posting of personal informs from john brennan's males brennan's. a student interested in foreign policy claims to have hacked into brennan's e-mail. there is no indication any of the posted documents are classified. for almost a year and a half the house select committee on benghazi has been investigating the attack on the u.s. consulate in libya. questioning democratic presidential candidate hillary clinton. patricia sabga has the store st.
>> three years later, the attack is still in dispute. u.s. state department later revealed there was no protest outside its mission prior to the attack. >> what difference at this point does it make? it is our job to figure out what happened and do everything we can to prevent it from ever happening again, senator. >> the select cocka congressionl committee on benghazi said it spent $4.5 million to do just that. former secretary of state hillary clinton who was in charge at the time. since 2012 there have been multiple hearings and reports but few new details about the attack. instead what the congressional committee did discover that hillary clinton had been using a private server for e-mail to send potentially classified
information. >> whether she's brought to justice on those remains to be seen but she brought this on herself not republicans and not congress. >> reporter: after a televised interview with the leader of the republicans kevin mccarthy, accusing of nothing more than a smear campaign to destroy hillary clinton's presidential ambitions. >> the republicans finally admitted,. >> everybody thought hillary clinton was unbeatable but we put a benghazi special committee, what are her numbers now? >> this is about a taxpayer funded campaign to destroy hillary clinton ladies and gentlemen that is a problem. >> the families who simply want an explanation for poor security in benghazi, libya the night their relatives died.
new efforts to fight that growing problem including more training for doctors to limit the prescription of painkillers making it easier for some to get treated for diction and launching a pr campaign to raise abuse awareness. >> this crisis is taking lives. it's destroying families. it's shattering communities across the country. that's the thing about substance abuse, it doesn't discriminate. it touches everybody from celebrities to college students to soccer moms to inner city kids. >> he stressed the importance of eliminating the stigma surrounding drug abuse in order to encourage addicts to get treated. and the scale of the problem is truly shocking. nearly two and a half million americans are addicted to heroin or prescription painkillers. more than 100,000 die of overdoses every day. worldwide more than 16 million
people use opiates. but among american adults that rate is nearly three times higher. fueled by a worldwide jump in oach yuopium production. joining me now is someone who knows about substance abuse. patrick kennedy served as u.s. congressman from rhode island, he has written a memoir about his and his family's struggles called a common struggle a personal journey in the past and future of addiction. first president obama's trip to west virginia tackling addiction. does it go far enough? >> if this had been cancer or diebdiabetes or hiv-aids i don't think it would have taken him
this long to have a speech. that is part of the problem, and that is we don't really want to talk about these issues. we've known for a long time there's been an epidemic of overdoses in this country. we know that addiction rates, overdoses are surpassing car accidents as the leading cause of death. now with all of this, if it were any other issue we would have had bold action. and frankly, while i applaud the fact that the president's getting the conversation started, i wish that he had said we're going to enforce the law, so that insurance companies no longer discriminate against people with these illnesses. >> so when he talks about addiction funding being put into this issue and the other initiatives he outlined this is not bold action in your mind? >> no. what is not in the speech what i have a problem with. all the things he outlined are
great. do we need more training of medical, sure. do we need more people licensed to know how to prescribe, yes. but the heart of the issue, the elephant in the room is that this is a disease of the brain. addiction. and we should have our medical insurance companies already required by law to cover these illnesses, actually cover these illnesses. >> so i want to talk about your own struggle as well because you write in your book that you suffered from depression, bipolar problems, addiction to alcohol cocaine and prescription drugs. >> that's right. >> how did you get help you needed? >> i like most americans have had a reactive approach to this. in other words we have an acute care model of care when you only go to treatment when you're really sick. you don't have the care system i get for my asthma or where somebody who has diabetes, you
get chronic care management. they don't wait until stage 4 diabetes and you have the legs amputated, but stage 4, you are treated when you're really sick and i come in with the ambulance and patch people up. my experience is, i am a product as most people in recovery today of this dysfunctional system. it worked to some extent because i have recovered. >> what do you mean? you went to your doctor and to seek help and they did not produce the tools you needed? >> the doctor does not do any checkup from the neck up. the doctor will readily write me scrip for oxy conton. eveoxycontin.he will talk abouty cholesterol level, my irritable bowel and nexiem, but i told him
i'm recovering from addiction. i asked him at the conclusion, my back really lurts, d hurts, u mind if you write me prescription for ox oxycontin? then he says, didn't you tell me you are in recovery? if you have a family history of mental illness or alcoholism they don't ask first of all. if they did and they found out that you did, they would say hey what are you doing to make sure you don't get caught in the same cycle. >> the fact that you wrote about your family history of alcoholism with your parents why did you decide to discuss that and not just focus on your own issues and your own recovery? >> because jonathan there's no way to separate my story from my parents' story.
and you know my parents are the single greatest influence in my life. this is my story. talking about how i grew up with a home that was an alcoholic home where my mother had untreated for most part alcoholism, where my father suffered from untreated post-traumatic stress. that is my story and i will be living with the impact of that my whole life. >> so do you blame them for your troubles? >> no, no, no. i understood what they faced were medical issues. and i describe them as medical issues. was not making any judgment, if anything, the fact that my father will go down in history as one of the fines senators in u.s. history is the fact that many people can still do very well in life while they're suffering. and i contrast that with my
mother whose alcoholism was incredibly debilitating. and i make the point that you know everybody suffers to various extents. but all of us have an interest in making sure that we don't pass this suffering on. and i don't want to suffer it on to my three soon to be four children. and that's why it's important for me to call it for what it is. otherwise i might be deluded into thinking that i'm okay and these aren't real issues when in fact these issues of reply own alcoholism and substance abuse disorder and mood disorder could kill me with greater probability than my propensity for cancer or my propensity for a stroke. god's honest truth. >> well, it is a struggle that a lot of families are facing and it's a hidden struggle, we appreciate you sharing your story with us patrick kennedy. >> thank you so much jonathan. >> north korea released videos
from reunions from the north and the south. these began earlier this week but families who may not have seen each others for 60 years got two hours of private time together. asked to avoid any talk of politics or living in the north, a second round of reunions will begin on saturday. one stage, 78 competitors. some of the best pianists in the world take on one of the masters of classical music. and, the story of the death of one of history's most famous queens, cleopatra. is it more myth than reality?
bites don't always cause death. >> dry bites, even with cobra bites, there's about 10% chance you're going to die, if you get bitten buy cobra. >> egypt was conquered by the persians and the arabs in the seventh industry. now to our global view segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. the headlines in the jordan times, syria's chaos everywhere. it writes that the parties trying to end the conflict need to clearly state their positions and it specifically criticizes rusrussia and the united stateso clearly coordinate their efforts. can only make a political solution more difficult. the times of london offers this editorial car at a toon. state visit souvenir. xi jinping is seen in the center above a banner that reads,
everything must go. and the south china morning post has their own take on the sait e visit. what are you buying now? tower bridge, hopefully. a 21-year-old south korean has won the prestigious chopin competition. held every five years. 78 people from 20 different countries participated. al jazeera's jerald tan has more on the fierce competition. >> frederick chopin's prelude if e minor, opus 11, won by cho gin shao. >> i couldn't believe it. now i feel worried about a future concert. i don't want people
disappointed. of course being famous is good but i just want to make a contribution. >> reporter: out played 77 other contestants, of the $3 $33,500 prize. it's one of the very few contests where musicians play pieces by a single composer. only finalist who selected the concerto in f minor, opus 21. the chopin competition has launched the careers of many young me anises, opening the doors of many concert hauls,
jarrod tan, al jazeera. >> beautiful music there. the final phase of construction is underway of one of europe's famous unfinished buildings. six towers on the top of barcelona's basilica. gaudy died before it was finished. construction began in 1882. now 70% finished but the basilica is expected to be complete in 2026, in time for 100th anniversary of goudy's death. a long time coming. that's it for this edition of al jazeera america news. i'm jetblue. thank you so much for watching. "america tonight" sashts now and i'll sestarts now andi'll see y.