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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 23, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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>> following student clashes with police in perrer toia, the south african president says there will be no increase in university fees. ♪ i'm sami zeidan in doha. also ahead on the show, israel lifts restrictions on the al aqsa mosque compound in jerusalem. people on mexico's pacific coast get ready for what could
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be the biggest hurricane in the region's history. and it really is food for thought. we take a look at a new museum in london that is devoted to what we eat. ♪ south african president jacob summa, says there will be no fee increase for university students next year. he made the announcement after a day of volatile protests where thousands of university students tried to storm government buildings. they were held back by riot police who fired stun grenades and water cannon at the crowd. >> government understands the difficult faced by students from poor households and ages are
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effected to allow the process to unfold, to find long-term solutions to ensure access to education by our students. our correspondent is there, and joining us now. last time we spoke you were taking cover from a very tense situation. have the students now dispersed? >> reporter: well, we still see chaotic scenes here -- [ audio lost ] >> all right. we apologize still having some technical difficulties there. israeli police say 30,000 muslimed have prayed at the al aqsa mosque in east jerusalem. for the first time in weeks it
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lifted restrictions on who could enter on friday. it is revered by muslims and jews, both are allowed to visit the site, but jews can't pray there. well, planned by israeli authorities to allow right-wing jews to visit the compound prompted palestinians to gather at the site. a september 13th dawn raid lead to clashes as security forces tried to disperse palestinians who gathered there. israel says it has no plan to change the status quo at the compound, but israeli forces havest -- have escorted figures to the mosque. mike hanna has more from the al aqsa compound now. >> reporter: for the first time
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in six weeks all restrictions are lifted on access to the al aqsa compound. there is a tangible change in the mood here. more than 40,000 worshippers were in the compound for the friday prayers. no incidents of any kind were reported. we have asked the israeli prime minister's office whether there was any connection between the lifting of the restrictions and the talks that benjamin netenyahu had with the u.s. secretary of state, but we are told it's the security situation on the ground that determines what measures are in place. but the question that many are left with, given the calm that has suddenly appeared, is why were the restrictions imposed in the first place. 53 palestinians and 9 israelis have died in the violence since the beginning of october.
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gun stores have reported a massive jump in sales as andrew simmons reports. >> reporter: they say it has never been busier in this shooting range, as an israeli settlement in the occupied west bank. jewish settlers living in occupied land get cleared for a firearm's license. more than 150,000 guns are privately owned in israeli, add to that private security firms and all of the security forces and services and that's a colossal amount of fire power on the streets. >> we literally want believe how fast our predictions have been proved right. >> reporter: palestinian, israeli and international human rights organizations say there is a shoot to kill policy, and there have been summary
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executions. the israeli government denies excessive force is being used. among recent cases the killing of a bystander in southern israel, she was shot by a private security officer. disputed accounts of how a palestinian man was killed by a jewish settler in hebron. soldiers made no attempt to disarm him. many israeli civilians are setting out on an offensive of their own. this gun club in west jerusalem has sold out of cs gas, and its sales of weapons are up 400%. what about yourself? do you carry a gun? what do you carry? and back at the israeli settlement shooting range, there is a massive increase in the number qualifying to carry a gun. [ gunfire ] >> 400% up, because the
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situation, you know, people are afraid about his self and his family, so he needs to care for himself. >> reporter: it takes just a day for the settlers to be tested and then receive a firearm's permit. andrew simmons, al jazeera, in the occupied west bank. to vienna now where u.s. secretary of state john kerry has been meeting russia's foreign minister, discussing the conflict in syria. the foreign ministers of saudi arabia and turkey are also in the austrian capitol. barnaby phillips is there too. >> reporter: a flurry of diplomatic activity here in austria over the future of syria, and talks that bring together several avowed opponents of the syrian regime, the americans, the saudis and the turkish government with its most crucial military backup,
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the russians. i imagine sergei lavrov is facing tough questions about russia's true motivations, what it wants in syria, and what promises it may have contracted from president assad. the russians see themselves firmly in the middle of things. and on the side there have been bilateral meetings between the russians and the jordanians, and afterwards the russians said they had agreed to, quote, coordinate their military activities in syria, so that's an indication of where the russians would like things to be going in these talks. four people in egypt including two policemen have been injured after a bomb they were trying to diffuse exploded. congo ports along mexico's
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pacific coasts have shut down as the biggest hurricane ever in the region veers towards land. it has packed speeds of up to 400 kilometers an hour, and a state of emergency has been declared in three states. >> reporter: taking no chances. mexicans living along the pacific coast prepare their homes and businesses for what forecasters warn could be a catastrophic storm. >> translator: it's better to prevent than repair. i don't know how the hurricane will hit. >> reporter: hurricane patricia is sweeping across the pacific. it has quickly grown overnight into the highest category 5 storm. the hurricane is expected to make landfall on friday afternoon mexico time. >> translator: given the situation, and the reports presented by the national
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emergency commission, the secretary of the interior has instructed the extrordanaire emergency declaration in three states of the country. >> reporter: the bustling port city is in the direct path of patricia, but not everyone is worried. >> translator: we decided to buy some basic goods in case roads are closed, we'll have essentials at home. >> translator: we really didn't buy that much, because they regularly say a hurricane will come, but the majority don't hit. >> reporter: many villages have been evacuated and orders to close schools and ports. government lead rs say they are bracing for what is threatening to become the most tense hurricane to hit mexico's pacific coast. much more still to come, a daily compute comparison. we take a ride on senegal's old
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and new transport options, to see why bus drivers want more indian magic. these are the bullet holes left behind by the navy in the search for the world's most wanted drug lord. i'll tell you more coming up. ♪ i just had a horrible nightmare. my company's entire network went down, and i was home in bed, unaware. but that would never happen. comcast business monitors my company's network 24 hours a day and calls and e-mails me if something, like this scary storm, takes it offline. so i can rest easy.
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♪ thanks for watching. here is a recap of our headlines. south african's president says there will be no increase in university fees in 2016. thousands of students have been protesting the planned hike, and
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tried to storm government buildings in pretoria. the war in syria is being discussed by the u.s. secretary of state and russia's foreign minister. israeli police say around 30,000 people have prayed at the al-aqsa mosque compound after age restrictions were lifted. israel had blocked muslim men from entering the compound since september. returning to our top story, the student protests in south afri africa. have the students now been dispersed? >> reporter: sami despite the announcement made that there will be no hike in tuition, we continue to see chaos here.
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police have used tear gas to disperse the students, they have run out and are now in the streets. we continue to see a high security presence. we have a police chopper flying over head. students have been angered the response by police. sami. >> why are the students saying as to why they won't leave, and why this issue isn't over if the president has said there won't be an increase in tuition fees? >> reporter: students are also upset that despite this announcement, it doesn't seem to be a concrete plan. access to education for students across the board. this is just short-term solution. also many of them remained because they were expecting the president to address them. and this was after several hours of talks with student leadership as well as university leaders, he said he would speak to students and -- and that wasn't
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the case. students remained at the union building, and as i mentioned earlier, they are out in the streets now, around the union buildings with a heavy police presence. >> clarify the president's announcement. does that mean there won't be any increase in tuition fees, or only there won't be an increase in 2016. >> reporter: that's the case. there won't be an increase in tuition fees in 2016. and that's the problem with the announcement, that it is a short-term solution. it could be that the president [ inaudible ] that they have seen across the country for over a week now, and students say it's not good enough. so there were some celebrations because students know that many now can afford to come back to university in 2016, but they don't know their fate beyond that. the government has set up
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[ inaudible ] but for the moment, students know that it's only 2016 where they are guaranteed they won't see any increases. >> thanks for that update. suicide bombing at a mosque in nigeria has killed at least 11 people. the attack happened during dawn prayers in the northeastern city. it's the capitol of borno state, the birthplace of the armed group, boko haram. senegal is one country where india is spending a lot of money. they have a deal to upgrade the mode of transport. our correspondent reports from dakar. >> reporter: every morning no matter how hard she tries, this woman is always running late for work. she works in town, but lives in the suburbs. finding reliable transportation isn't easy. this is the best option. they are anything but fast.
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frequent stops, breakdowns, and traffic congestion makes this the most unpleasant part of her day. >> translator: i dread this moment. the buses always smell of gasoline. it's such an unpleasant start to the day. >> reporter: imported from france, they have been around since the 1970s. they have added colorful touches, but on the inside the basic mechanics haven't changed in more than 40 years. the state wants to get rid of them in a bid to reduce pollution and the volume of traffic. >> translator: these vans are dangerous and not adapted for a modern city. our goal is to replace them and offer better service. >> reporter: they have their bid on which manufacturer would replace the bus. they chose the indian car maker
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to upgrade the entire transport system, up bidding european car makers. the indian car maker was cheaper and willing to adopt its vehicles to the needs. the indian manufacturer believes it has the no how and the fleet of vehicles adapted for this environment, to get people from the suburbs into the city, and decongest this growing metropolis. >> we are a developing country. we do understand the kind of technology required. >> reporter: so they are betting on this. the magic ace. with a million sold in india, it's a no frills van. there are no windows in the back, or electronics, but they
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are testing the magic in senegal and had to already make changes. more head room and better suspensions. making abby's commute home a little less bumpy, a little more comfortable, but still a long journey home. niclas hawk, al jazeera, dakar. now police in northern india are being accused of torturing a teenage boy to death. government leaders say the 15 year old committed suicide. he is from the same state and lower cast as two children burned to death earlier this week. our correspondent says the children's deaths increase pressure on the government. >> reporter: in this particular case the family of the victim claimed police torture, the police and the state government, say it's a case of suicide. despite the situation, with this particular case, it has been compounded by the fact that this
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is the second such case involving the lower-cast community. now these issue of cast isn't a new issue in india. it's something that has been known for a very long time. and continues to exist in many communities and villages across the country. it is also a highly politicized issue. the big question coming out of it is what does this mean for the indian government, keeping in mind it is already under pressure to deal with things like communal harmony as a result of attacks by right-wing hindus on minority communities. these issues certainly compound for the government when it comes to talking about cohesiveness and a sense of security for people across the country. china's central bank has cut interest rates again to try to
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boost its economy. the cut makes it cheaper to borrow money and encourage investment. the government wants chinese spendingers to spending rather than leave their money in the bank. krit circumstances of robert mcgauvy say they are disgusted. they accuse him of using systematic torture to remain in power for 35 years. presidential hopefuls in argentina have held their last rallies before the vote on sunday. argentina's constitution bars the president from running again until 2019. she has been in power for 12 years. massive manhunt for the most wanted criminal in mexico is forcing many villagers to seek
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safety. el chapo is on the run after escaping from prison earlier this year. john holman has been to the mountain village to hear how military helicopters fired at civilian homes. >> reporter: displaced mexicans, scared and desperate for help. many walked days from their villages, carrying their children with them. >> translator: we walked for two days, day and night. by the second day i had no shoes. sometimes there wasn't a drop of water to drink. >> reporter: they are fleeing the mexican navy who's helicopters fired on several communities before ground troops stormed through. they were hunting this man. joaquin guzman, known as el chapo. the navy missed him, but not the houses of this woman and others. and she looks at our video of
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her home >> translator: that's where the bullet hit. >> reporter: she remembers running to try to protect her 2-year-old daughter. >> translator: i cried and screamed and begged them not to harm us. we wanted them to talk to us like the government did before, but the only thing they did was shoot at us, without caring about who was there, or what they killed. >> reporter: when we visited the village the day before, we found only animals. all their owners had fled. this small village really is in the middle of nowhere, so you can imagine the surprise of someone living here to suddenly see navy helicopters in the sky, and then to have their house peppered with fire, before infantry swoops in here. those armed forces are long gone, but the people living here are still too scared to come back. it's just the latest of many incidents in which the military have trampled the rights of
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civilians, while battling organized crime. >> translator: military forces are meant to kill, not to detain people, or take them before authorities, and that means that there are frequent human rights complaints against them. >> reporter: many support or at least fear el chapo in the mountains where he was born and raised. that may explain the military's approach. but it has won them few new friends. john holman, mexico. france is in mourning after a bus full of elderly people collided with a truck. at least 43 people were killed. emma haywood reports. >> reporter: in dense woodland the charred shell of a bus and a truck. both have been entirely burnt out. the bus was carrying a group of elderly people who just left a village a few kilometers away.
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the passengers were looking forward to a day trip. the crash happened on a bend in the road. the bus and timber truck caught fire when they collided. leaving some trapped. >> translator: the driver of an empty timber truck lost control of his vehicle. the vehicle blocked the road and the bus arrived at that moment. the bus driver saw the accident was going to happen, did everything to avoid it, but did not manage it. but he managed to open the emergency door to allow a few people to get out. >> reporter: more than 40 people are now known to have perished in the fire. the french president said the whole nation was in mourning. france's prime minister has travelled to the scene to meet survivors and rescuers. >> translator: it's a terrible shock for this area.
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it's a terrible shock for france. today france and the french people are in mourning. >> reporter: this is france's worst road accident for more than 30 years. an investigation into what caused it is now underway. emma hayward, al jazeera. police in sweden say an attack at a school which left two people dead was racially motivated. a masked man carrying a sword killed the teacher and wounded others. most of the students from the school were from immigrant families. china's president has been doing what millions of britains do every day, popping into a pub for pint of beer. david cameron toasted xi jinping. on the third day of his state visit, xi also visited fish and
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chips. the world first food museum has opened. >> reporter: on the big screen where the food you eat goes. a journey through the human body. a voice guides you along the path, the pill camera takes from the esophagus, down to the stomach and beyond. a vibrating massage chair adds to the experience. >> museums today are so caught up in the value and expense of the things they are holding, that they become very precious about it. what i like is that you go away feeling inspired about food, inspired about what they can create, and have their own food adventures. it's much more enabling, much more lively. >> reporter: this exhibit lets people taste chocolate. notes the visitors take
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documenting their chocolate experience will be tabulated and analyzed. >> it had school noises in various characters, which resinated with my childhood and it was totally bitter, so i don't think if that means anything. >> reporter: menus provide a snapshot of things at the table. there's a christmas scene menu designed by british prisoners in a nazi war camp. >> we use [ inaudible ] as a media of sharing our food experiences to curry favor with our friends. in the past they did it in different ways. they would put on very elaborate feasts. >> reporter: the museum is passionate about education. they want people to know and understand where our food comes from. and that includes butterflies, pollinating a lot of the fruit and vegetables we eat every day.
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the museum is hoping the exhibit will plant ideas in people's minds about how we get what we eat, and the transof preserving the environment for food. jessica baldwin, al jazeera, london. if you want more on that story and all of the others, head over to our website, ♪ a potentially catastrophic category 5, mexico's pacific coast and the cross hairs of hurricane patricia. a daring rescue mission in iraq ends with a u.s. soldier dead. the first u.s. service member to die in the fight against isil is identified this morning. and another d