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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  October 24, 2015 7:00pm-8:01pm EDT

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horizon and extend your reach. >> that could avert disaster while helping save the planet. >> i feel like i have a front row seat for some very dramatic changes. this is al jazeera america. i'm sheila macvicar in new york. here are today's top stories. washed away. people, cars and even train tracks. floodwaters are causing major problems in texas. big storm, little impact. mexico appears to be spared from what was the strongest hurricane ever reported. >> migrating to michigan, the government's plan to boost economy and population.
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>> on the campaign trial with 100 days to go before the iowa caucuses. hillary clinton gets an assist in the hawkeye state from former president bill clinton and the big 7-0, the world lights up blue to commemorate the united nations platinum anniversary tremendous amounts of rain have fallen in texas, and the remnants of hurricane patricia have not arrived there yet. floodwaters so forceful they are blamed for the derailment of a freight strain, 64 cars long. al jazeera's jonathan martin is live tonight in elma, along i 45. is it true they have shut down part of the interstate? >> that's right. officials had to shut down interstate 45 once again, and
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for people familiar with texas, this is the main way to get from dallas to houston. you see the cars lined up for miles. people are trying to figure out how to get home. it's because of the significant rain and flooding on the interstate. what we have seen in texas over the last 48 hours has been record breaking rain fall from waco to san francisco. rain fall like people here say they have never seen. if you have go 40-50 miles south, into an area in texals, they have seen some significant, significant flooding and rain. 20 inches of rain in the last 48 hours or so. that's the area where you get the train derailed around 4 o'clock this morning. 407, 50 cars, top ed over. we understand two of the crew had to be rescued. they are a massive freight train derailing, giving you an idea of
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how significant and dangerous the flood water is. the concern is that the worse is yet to come. we know that there has been a lot of rain in this area. some getting 15-20 inches of rain. it is continuing to fall down, and more to come. a lot of officials crossed the eastern, in southern parts of texas, warping residents to be aware and take cautions. and it's expected to be a lot more rain up to a foot in the past 24 hours. >> people in that area saw some flooding on memorial day. did that help to prepare for this event? >> well, it seems people are heeding warnings. you might remember that bag during the memorial day weekend, houston saw deadly flooding. officials are preparing earlier, calling for evacuations in the
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areas earlier, knowing how bad and deadly it has been, just again a few months ago. >> jonathan martin, thank you. >> meteorologist nicole mitchell is here. when is the rain going to stop. >> it will probably take two days at least. we've had a lot of elements together. originally we had upper level low, away from the west coast, trekking across the state. we had interaction from a frontal boundary, and you can see the frontal boundary, going well into the great lakes. the northern edge is moving along. the southern edge is stationary. the combination of the low pressure ire, frontal boundary is adding in gulf moisture, and then you get the remnants of patricia, most of the flooding event was set up. if you look at the earlier frames, there's the storm. spected over the mount -- expected over the mountains, but the moisture, some of that was
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getting into the united states. we added to that, and that adds to everything going on. looking through the next 24 hours, we have seen places over 20 inches, and then this is what we are going to add on top just tomorrow. especially near the coast line. we have some places, including houston, 12 inches or more, and even today we have not even the flooding that is ongoing, and the brighter reds and the flash flood warnings where it is now, and the rest of the area you have that potential, but along the coast you have a tornado watch, the potential that goes until 10:00p.m.. we had a couple of tornados, and high wind reports in the area. you need to be aware of that. for the next couple of days, the northern edge continues to move along. chances for showers in the east coast. the southern edge creeping its way. you need to watch for that in
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places like louisiana and mississippi over the next couple of days. >> lots to watch for. thank you meteorologist nicole mitchell hurricane patricia lost strength when it hit the mexican kost. in a state where it made rain fall, a night of heavy rain and winds brought down showers. al jazeera's jonathan betz joined us live. jonathan. it seems like mexico got a lucky break. >> patricia broke the records as it exploded from a tropical storm to a category 5 monster in
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30 hours, becoming the strongest hurricane reported. >> we are talking about a hurricane that threatened to damage. >> it slammed into western mexico with 165 miles per hour winds and heavy rain. trigg triggering flooding. the truth is that it destroyed a good portion of our home, and took a lot of trees. but thankfully we are all okay. >> tens of thousands evacuated ahead of the storm. including tourists from the resort. many road out the storm and shelters. >> i feel a lot safer here than where we were staying. >> the storm hit a rural area in western mexico, sparing the bigger cities. we were expecting rain.
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due to the lack of a canal, so that the water is being discharged, we have flooding. >> as patricia weakens and moves inland, the storm threatens. with fears of rain and flooding. >> jonathan betz - we hope to have him back live later. >> secretary of state john kerry says a is deal is in the two, help with violence in the middle east. >> he met with mahmoud abbas in imam. he says the planneeses fears that israel will change the status quo with the temple mount. >> binyamin netanyahu agreed to what i think is an excellent suggestion by king abdullah. to provide 24 hour video coverage of all sites. of the temple mount.
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this will provide comprehensive visibility and transparency. that could be a game-changer in discouraging anyone disturb the sang titty of this holy site. >> james joins us from los angeles. >> what is the end goal of the trip, what does he hope to accomplish? >> he's trying to ratchet down the violence. he wants to make it so the israelis and palestinians and jordanians - on both sides, they are not going to insight any more the violence. it's been escalating since september, when jewish israelis begin more and more incursions into the temple mount or the area called the temple mount. >> jordan proposed and israel agreed to a round the clock
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video surveillance. hoy is that going to help diffuse the tensions? >> well the question is the status quo, and whether or not things are going to go back to the status quo. and what kerry hopes to do through having the videos there is to ensure that people can see in live time that nothing is changing on the temple mount. >> we have seen a lot of violence in recent days. stabbings, killings of palestinians, israelis, is it all linked to the concerns around temple mound or is something else at work here, particularly among younger palestinians. >> you know, borrowing from bill clinton's first campaign, it's the occupation. the whole point is there are no talks, the p.l.o. withdrew from the talks. mahmoud abbas withdrew from the talks. there's nothing going on, there's no hope. there's 19-20% unemployment
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among arabs in jerusalem. so, therefore, al-aqsa is an important national symbol for sure. there are more important things that are going on. >> now, both - binyamin netanyahu and mahmoud abbas have said in their own words that the oslo peace accords, the roadmap that led to a 2-state solution is dead. what hope does the united states, the secretary of state john kerry, who cares about the subject have of getting back to something. is there a back to get back to, or are we back to the drawing board. >> we are back to the drawing board pretty much. there is no drawing board to be honest about it. oslo is dead. the israelis walk away from it. the palestinians walk away from it several years ago. there is nothing to go back to at the present time. this is, on the one hand, a pessimistic view. what we have to remember is that only the principles themselves can bring about some sort of
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negotiated settlement, and neither of the principles at the present time are willing to do that. >> looking at the west bank, particularly over the last couple of days, listening to the young people, boys and girls, teenagers who are on the streets, their disillusionment not only with israel, with their own leadership. are we at the brink of a third intifada, challenging not just the israeli occupation. but challenges the status quo. >> there's two things going. we are not going to know until it already occurs. there's no way of predicting what is going to happen on the streets, among the population. in terms of what they said about the opposition to the leadership, the palestinian leadership. you are right. while the arab uprisings are taking place, people overlook the uprising taking place in the
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palestinian territories. beginning in 2011 and 2012. there was an upsurge. as a result of this upsurge, the palestinian leadership had to get ahead of the crowd, and that's why what they did was went to the united nations and asked for recognition as a non-voting member state. >> professor james at the modern history museum, u.c.l.a. thousands battle for piece in tel aviv, calling for an end to violence. andrew simmonds, from al jazeera, is there. >> these people are from the peace now movement. this is from a rally. several thousand going to the square, and all the way along the highway. the main highway. it closed off in downtown tel aviv. peace now goes back to 1978.
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what they are calling for an is the downfall of the government. they are attacking binyamin netanyahu. they want a 2-state solution, they want peace talks, and they say there's no way that there can be security without a political solution. with me now is a member of peace now. you are a member of one of the opposition parties. what is the main objective of this demonstration? >> the main objective is to tell the government to tell them the only way to secure the citizens is by agreement with both sides, agreement between two independent states. >> it would appear that the two sides couldn't be further apart right now.
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>> the central issue seems to be settlements and obviously issues like occupation, second to that, settlements that are illegal in international law. what is your stand on that. >> we say all say, it should be evacuated. or if the palestinians agree to another agreement. they have to evacuate. unless there is another agreement. this is a problem for israel and palestine, and we must bring an end to the problem. >> andrew simmonds interview there in tel aviv. kerry tackled the war in syria in a phone call with russian foreign minister. they discussed restarting a political process between the syrian government and opposition leaders. both agree support is crucial to succeeding. the kremlin has told bashar
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al-assad to prepare for elections. separately russia announced it's ready to support the free syrian army. that would be a change. since the air campaign began, russia targeted the opposition fighters. allied to the u.s. >> reporter: syrian state tv continues the propaganda message to convince people that russian air strikes target what is called terrorists. the pictures on the ground tell a different story. this is what is left of the town on the outskirts of idlib after russian war planes bomb several areas late on friday. it's unclear how many were killed. in hama fighters belonging to the army of conquest, announce
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several villages, and forcing them to retreat. the alliance of opposition fighters launched what it called the battle for hama after cam touring idlib earlier this month. opposition fighters say they have taken several downs and villages in the south of aleppo province. syria's armed opposition say they have been targeted by russian air strikes, rather than the islamic state. >> on friday, i.s.i.l. announced it was in control of the main road collecting aleppo to hama. how russia reacts will demonstrated the military priorities. despite the air strikes entering the fourth week. they appear to be largely unaffected. groups opposed to the regime suffered losses. not only at the hands of the russians, but at the hands of i.s.i.l. >> the russian air strikes
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pounding targeted in syria are meeting the approval of iraqis next door and believe they could turn the tide of the war against i.s.i.l. in their country. we have more from baghdad want to see. >> air strikes against i.s.i.l., like these ones. it's too soon to say how successful it has been. there's growing frustrations with the year of long effort to retake the territory i.s.i.l. controls across iraq, and say russia's approach is what is needed here to win. this man is the head of the government's parliamentary defense and security committee, he's one of the most vocal supporters of russia's involvement in the fight against i.s.i.l. in iraq. >> we know russia did not get involved in the middle east.
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our interests are well matched with the russians. >> it's not just politicians that want moscow to take a more meaningful role, so, too, do the leaders of the shia backed militias, that could explain why russia and iraq signed an intelligence sharing agreement that included syria and iran. washington made it clear it did not want russian jets targetting i.s.i.l. and described vladimir putin's involvement as an historic mistake. he finds himself in the delicate position of appeasing political and security allies, and trying to keep washington on his side. whatever the case, it appears that the threat of russian involvement in iraq has worked to his advantage. the iraqi government has given assurances to the u.s. that they will not ask for help from russia. the u.s. promised to increase the number of coalition air
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strikes across iraq and give counter-terrorism forces badly needed military vehicles, tanks and weapons in the coming days. >> the u.s. insists it's on course to degrade and destroy i.s.i.l. the coalition intensified strikes on baiji in the north and ramadi in the west. providing air cover for forces who have retaken key areas. rarely has i.s.i.l. taken multiple offenses. it appears that they have been stirred into action. the question now is how long would it last. would it be enough to lead to meaningful gains. >> officials in francaise it will take three days to recover the badly burnt remains of those killed in a bus crash on friday, and weeks to identify them. 43 died when the bus carrying
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mostly elderly passengers collided with a truck in southern france, and burst into flames. the truck's driver and his 3-year-old son were among the dead. 8 survived the crash. >> finding homes for refugees. in the west. they are being welcomed with open arms. >> a rare disease, and how the internet is helping. helping. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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and that's what we're doing at xfinity. we are challenging ourselves to improve every aspect of your experience. and this includes our commitment to being on time.
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every time. that's why if we're ever late for an appointment, we'll credit your account $20. it's our promise to you. we're doing everything we can to give you the best experience possible. because we should fit into your life. not the other way around.
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three people were killed and two dozen others injured after a car crashed into a crowd at the oklahoma state university homecoming parade. a 25-year-old woman was arrested and charged with driving under the influence. school officials decided the game would go on, and the victims remembered a moment of silence. authorities are treating the accident as a homicide investigation. >> it was a medical mystery, one that battled doctors and shocked families around the world. >> now there was a name and diagnosis, a form of epilepsy called kcmq2. only a few hundred people have been diagnosed with it. at this point very little is known about it. on social media families with children with the disease are finding support and answers. roxana met with some in denver. >> harper johnson is four years old. she waddles when she walks, and
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uses more sign language than words. >> swing, good job. >> the best days for me are when she's happy, and sleeps. and when she looks in my eyes and communicates. the hardest days are the days that i don't understand what she means. >> reporter: and what does it feel like when you can't help her? >> it's the worst moment of my life, over and over. >> reporter: the first moment was 28 hours after harper was born, when she had a seizure. >> she had m.r.i.s, egs, lab tests, spinal taps. everything came back negative, negative, negative. >> unknown to the family, sara james and andrew butcher searched for answers to similar questions in australia. their daughter jackie had seizures the day after she was born. >> nothing prepares you from leaving the hospital with the
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car seat in the car, and no baby in the car seat. and the doctor said "we don't know what it is, we don't have any answers." >> reporter: then about three years ago the same diagnosis for both families. a rare genetic disorder called kcng2. >> it's a genetic mutation, and causes what she has, which is seizures and intellectual disability and some autistic behaviours. >> reporter: the internet offered little insight. harper's mother, scotty sims, started a facebook page for families like hers. late one night, an unexpected find. lo and behold there was sara. >> when you find another family that has a child with the same thing that your child had, you can't wait to meet them. >> the two women met seven months later. and again last week at a summit in september, along with dozens
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of families across the world. amazing to find other families. >> for us to find the number of people as quickly as we did through technology is definitely something that is a game-changer. >> what we do as parents is we get cracking. >> in just two years, by banding together. the families accelerated the research significantly. >> we had this great piece of news that they would build mice with this mutation. now, that is something that was basically led by the family. you can't just sit back and wait for the researchers to do everything. >> the effect on courage of these mutations is reduced. >> columbia's david goldstein is studying the disease. and says researchers are doing is greater job collaborating today. >> how big a role are the
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families playing in that. >> i think they made all the difference. it's unconscionable to act otherwise. they make all of difference. >> a year ago scotty went further. they investigated a lab. i was like here is harper, she's not a mutation, a number. she's a girl. when you come to work, this is who you are saving. >> a treatment or cure could be a long way off. the families say they are working for their children and future generations. >> roxanne a sabri reporting from denver as many as 20 inches and counting. the rain is falling in some parts of central texas, and things could get worse. >> plus, an assassination attempt against the president of the maldives. you won't believe who is accused in the attack. attack.
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welcome back to al jazeera america, i'm sheila macvicar. here is a look at your top stories. heavy rain unrelated to patricia, blamed for a rail
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derailment. floodwaters washed away the tracks. the train was carrying gravel. two workers had to swim to safety. the strongest hurricane recorded in the western area. weakened. hurricane patricia downgraded once it made landfall. the weather service brings rain and flash floods. residents of the state was out surveying the damage, the night of heavy rain and winds brought down trees, power and phone lines. the eye of the hurricane missed the major port. jonathan betz is live in colima state. an area expected to get heavy rainfall. jonathan, things could have turned out worse for mexico, there's a bit of damage, and judging from what we see behind
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you. there's a lot of water, flooding. >> i think a lot of people woke up this morning, relieved that the damage is not worse, especially considering the size in the power of this hurricane as it made rainfall. a category 5, the largest in the hemisphere. it is dumping a lot of rain on mexico. this is a good case in point behind me. this was a stream you could jump over. now as you can see, it's a raging roaring river, mudslides are concerned. flooding is a concern. roads are washed out. powerlines are out. roads are dargeed. -- damaged. there has been no reports of death, and no reports much any major damage here in mexico. >> what that's been attributed to is good planning on the part of the government.
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>> well, the president toured the disaster zone earlier this evening to assess the needs and see how bad the damage is, and what resources are needed and available. one of the big points is the fact that so many left ahead of the storm. he accredits the evacuations to saving many lives here. >> jonathan betz in colima state mexico back to texas - clean-ups could be delayed by the storms heading to the area. jonathan martin is on his way to the area, but the roads are closed. he joins us from elma texas. any indication when the highways may be opened? >> it doesn't look like that will happen soon. 30 minutes ago when we talked to you. we could see the interstate shut down, and see the cars waiting and diverted. now you don't see many cars.
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crews have moved the road back further. all those getting to dallas and houston. it will be a long night. the interstate has flooding on it. it's a dangerous situation in of the past 48 hours. from waco. they have seen a lot of rain. 12 inches in some areas. and 40 miles south of dallas. 20 inches of rain. that is where a lot has happened. i want to show you video of trains that derailed. 40-50 cars. who men had to be rescued. that is a sign of how bad the flooding it. there was a rescue recorded by one of the fire-fighters from the fire department. a man and his dog trapped in the
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water for some four hours. crews have trouble finding them. after a few hours, the man noticed that the lights were there. he was able to be rescued and was taken to the hospital. crews avoided that situation. the major of houston, in some other areas are warning that it could be another foot of rain hitting the area tonight. warning people to be on guard as if it's a dangerous situation. >> thank you. international climate negotiators wrapped up a final round of talks in germany, with no agreement on how to fight global warming. it was the last session, taking place beginning end of november. al jazeera's correspondent has more. >> they are here to talk about
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climate change. there's another c word causing a headache in germany. compromise. the meeting was supposed to smooth the way before the summit in paris. negotiators were asked to draft a workable plan. france sees problems ahead. negotiators didn't make compromise here. they stretched to different options, and now they are clear. more closer to a bridge and compromising others. >> the rift between richer and poorers nations are evident. richer nations want to stop the earth's temperature rising, by what scientists consider dangerous. 2 degrees celsius. poorer countries say it's too much, the rise should be restricted to 1.5 degrees, but that requires tougher cuts to carbon emission, and will cost a
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lot more money. leaders in the maldives have been a lot more vocal. they warn the low-lying islands in in the indian ocean could disappear. former president once held a cabinet meeting underwater to illustrate the point. we are trying to send the message. let the world know what is happening. and what might - what will happen. >> 2015 is so far the warmest year for the planet on record. we are yet to find out if it's the year something concrete is finally done about it police in the island nation of the maldives arrested the vice president today for allegedly attempting to assassinate the president. authorities linked him to the explosion of a speed boat that the president was travelling in
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last month. the president was unhurt. his wife and two aides were injured. the arrest was made after investigators helping with the case, including the fbi ruled out mechanical failure as a cause for the blast. >> people in guatemala head to the polls to vote for a new president. >> daniel schweimler has more. >> this is kata gownia, the windswept vastly populated country where the president was born and he and his waf made their fortune. they brought up hotels and property. matters that are vetted.
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>> if investigations were done properly, there's no doubt the president will have to go to court. the problem is the problems are compromised. while the supporters praised their agreement, the investigators are investigating how it grew so large. the anticorruption office said the figures do not add up. this luxury hotel, owned by the kitchener family has been the focus of questions about them. questions that the president may not answer until long after she's left office. >> this building project in the home down, contracts granted to a long of had time friend. he is investigated for money laundering. >> taking control of the state
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to fulfil personal dreams, to develop and strengthen their own power structure to enrich themselves so they can continue with the same politics. >> the legal complaints lodged against the president have not made it to court. several ministers who served under the kerch ners have been prosecuted, including the former finance and transport minister. the vice president is under investigation for bribery. government leaders argue that the accusations are politically motivated and orchestrated by critics in the media. >> the opposition never this ideas of its own, it never tried to show its people the plans for the provinces, the city or the country. all it did is throw mud at the kimp ner project. >> international monitors say
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argentina suffered from corruption, with all sides accusing the political opponents of wrongdoing. investigations are slow and impunity is life. the full story is rarely revealed. democratic presidential candidate hillary clinton is leaning on star power ahead of an influential fundraiser in iowa. she brought her husband, former president bill clinton and katy perry to a concert. it's meant to rally supporters before the iowa dinner. former president clinton reminded the crowd why he believes the crowd somehow vote tore his wife. >> the security of knowing you can have an education, your child will have child care, that they have access to kinder garden. that women get equal pay for equal work. this is a big deal.
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last night clinton's main challenger, bernie sanders hosted his rocking the bird concert in davenport. we'll have more on hillary clinton's visit in the next hour welcoming refugees from syria, why michigan's governor is helping thousands move to his state. >> remembering the life of the actress maureen o'hara. o'hara. deaf defer
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there's talk of an autostrike in detroit tonight. the united autoworkers union said its workers at general motors will walk off the job before midnight sunday if a tentative contract is not reached. g.m. is working with the union to negotiate an agreement. earlier this month the union reached an agreement with chrysler fiat. ford is next at the negotiating table. >> the u.s. is taking a small fraction of the thousands of refugees escaping the violence in the middle east. the government of michigan home to one of the biggest populations says his state should take more. al jazeera's bisi onile-ere reports. not everyone agrees.
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>> reporter: this man moved to detroit with his wife, mother-in-law and four children in july. the family's life today is different than it used to be. >> we were facing danger on a daily basis. where we were living there were continuous daily clashes. our lives practice a constant threat. >> when the civil war broke out more than four years ago, the family fled to turkey and lived at a syrian refugee camp for three years before being admitted to the u.s. >> translation: after we crossed borders to turkey, i sat and wept. i started looking at my village and cried for an hour. >> shane is with lutheran social services of michigan, a nonprofit that helped resettle some of the 100 syrian refugees that arrived in the state so far
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this year. >> what we have seen historically and in research is that refugee resettlement and immigration can add to economic growth significantly. so we also see it as an economic development tool for the city of detroit. >> that development is desperately needed in detroit, a city working to recover from bankruptcy and a massive decline in population. >> this is an example of what could come. >> definitely. we have developed 72 homes and have plans to develop more. >> this neighbourhood on the detroit west side was once heavily populated by immigrants, many from iraq. this man believes that thousands of syrian refugees could establish new lives in this community. businesses drive, bringing the revenue through texas. congresswoman lawrence has been vocal in her concern about
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terrorism and the threat posed to u.s. security. >> that's why i continuously say we need a lan to vet that, and we need to be sensitive to that. right now, it's not we are choosing, it's a crisis. we are getting a mass of people who want to come to the united states. >> the government says that it can take up to two years to review the background of refugees and their family. >> we will have a future here. our children's future is more important than ours. >> it's unclear at this point how many syrians will resettle in michigan. tam ble is fortunate that he and his family are here and able to rebuild a life torn apart by bar. war the world famous artist banksy is helping with an
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exhibition. his exhibition called "dismal land", he had materials cut up and brought to a refugee camp in northern france. their wood, for example, is used to construct shelters. the refugees are puzzled by the source of the material, but grateful on this week's episode of "third rail", the host josh brushing sits with harvard professor neil ferguson to discuss u.s. foreign policy in the middle east. here is a preview. >> we have to have a critique of policy in two administrators to understand where we have got . that's not to say it's the fault of the united states. it's the cause of sectarian is many and varied. the strategic patients, which is the official term for dithering over syria, it has had
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disastrous consequences. i don't see any reason why that should stop. >> patients with obama go back to the bush administration. they are interventionists. >> that's my point. we have gone from one extreme to the other. we have the results that anyone wants. one of the reasons about writing a book about henry kissinger. there was a time when the united states plained the role of peacemaker and peace broker. in the 1970s, an interesting time in the history of the middle east. at that point the united states tendeded to act to restrain the two parties in conflicts. particularly in the arab israeli conflict. that's the role to play. >> "third rail" airs on sunday. randall pinks ston is here with a look at what it coming up in the next hour. >> it's 100 days until ballots
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are cast in the caucus in iowa. in a few minutes, one of the democratic event gets under way, we tell you why the jefferson jackson dinner can be critical to a candidate. a mobster indicted for a crime made famous by a blockbuster movie. plus a deeper look at what some call a culture in india tolerating the rape and torture of girls, a deeper look ahead. >> thanks, randall. turning 70, the relevance of the united nations world body today. today.
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over 200 landmarks in 60 countries are being lit up in blue. it's to mark the anniversary of the united nations.
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christine gallan, communications manager - thank you for joining us. how is the u.n. going to celebrate the anniversary. >> we are celebrating with a tremendous train of blueing around the world, that has started already almost 24 hours ago in the pacific, in australia, new zealand and now new york, where you mentioned - empire state, and through to san francisco. it's just a symbol. what it means is the solidarity, support for an indispensable organization. >> what is the biggest challenge for the u.n. going forward? >> i would say two challenges. the conflicts in the world, the planet is complicated. and it has to face a tremendous amount of challenges such as
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change and development. and also it needs the support of all the member states. they are key challenges. how to get the support, to get the energy to work at the same time, and how to ensure that things are done in an efficient manner. >> you said it needs to adapt. what does adaptation mean. >> adaptation means to be ready for a complex situation. i mentioned climate change. this is not an issue solved by a group of countries, everyone has to be on board. and development, it's not just poverty, education, it is everything. industrialization, climate change, it's everything that relates to the human being, so the complexities of the world are different from when the united nations was founded 70 years ago. a lot has been done in order to be ready, to be fit for purpose.
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but more has to continue to be done, and i think that the type of matters that we have to get from the u.n. leaders and the member states. >> you know, sometimes when be think of the u.n., we think of it in this country as an organisation that is dysfunct n dysfunctional, does it come about because of complicated relationships of the united states or competing genders or issues or because of the great international bureaucracy. >> it's understandable that some feel that the u.n. is slow or complex. some might have overlapping competences, but it is our obligation, those that work for the u.n., and the member state because without a member state there's no u.n. action. action is done by everything. the functioners, the bureaucracy that you mentioned. at the same time the members,
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and the leaders of the government, 193. so, yes, there are challenges there, but political decisions, determination and at the same time a strong cooperation. they are key recipes for the important anniversary. i think now about the refugee crisis in the middle east, and the appeal that u.n. agencies, particularly u.n.h.c.r. put forward for funding for the millions of people who are refugees, facing winter in the refugee camps, and that appeal goes unanswered. what did the u.n. say to the member state. how do you move them to make sure they live up to commitments and they understand the necessary commitments. >> i understand some feel the appeals would get an answer. there are progresses made because member states, in particular the european union
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are getting more ready to welcome refugees. it's not what is needed. it's a crisis of unprecedented nature. we have not been able to foresee something like this happening, although the conflict in syria is five years old. there is a need to shoulder, and member states, they have to do that under u.n. structures have to become efficient so when there's a challenge, we are ready, able and efficient in mobilization. >> thank you so much for joining us. >> my pleasure being here actress maureen o'hara known as john wayne's favourite leading lady died at her home in idaho. o-harra made her debut in "the
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hunchback." she was born in ireland, and her green eyes earnt her the title of the queen of technicolor, a title she dispaced. she was in "miracle on 24th street", and "the quite man", with john wayne. i'm sheila macvicar in new york. the news continues with randall pinkston. [ ♪ ] this is al jazeera, i'm randall pinkston in new york with a look at the top stories - in texas, a storm so powerful a freight strain derails a deep sigh of relief in mexico, the country spared from hurricane patricia - the strongest hurricane recorded and we take you inside a democratic political event of the presidential campaign, it is in iowa, where 100 days from now ballots will be cast in the first

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