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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  October 25, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> emergency talks on europe's refugee crisis to plans for tighter border controls under discussion. you're watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up in the next 30 minutes: >> desperation for the people of taiz in yemen, pinned down by fighting and running short of food and medicine. >> the polls clothes in tanzania, the closest political race in the country's history. >> indonesia orders the removal of young children in areas
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covered by toxic smoke from forest fires. >> right now leaders from across europe are meeting to try and work out a unified response to the refugee crisis. at least 690,000 people have arrived in europe so far this year, many from syria. the pressure is now on to find a lasting solution before winter. the summit in brussels brings together leaders from these countries, who are on the front line of the crisis. they have failed to come up with common agreement on what to do. here at al jazeera, we've seen a draft statement, which includes measures such as not allowing nations to wave refugees through unless the countries they are heading to agrees. it says the eu will send border guards, as many as 400 of them, speed up those who asylum
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applications fail. it's also looking at access to shelter, food, water, and sanitation for those making the journey across europe. >> it's above all about one goal, that we are able to help these people who are wondering around living in unbearable conditions, that we improve the pros and all work together on the task. >> we have live on the slovenia-croatia border. first let's get the latest on the talks in brussels. i talked about a unified agreement. we've and got draft agreement here which signifies they are coming closer together, but the divisions still remain, david. >> david, you're right. this is not a draft agreement agreement, but draft proposal. they've actually got to talk way into the night to agree those 16 points in the action plan.
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nothing is settled yet. this is not an agreement. these are things they would like to do. there are divisions in europe and the problem of trying to coordinate this effort with the countries outside europe like macedonia, serbia and albania, who are also attending here. add on to that the fact that there are so many divisions within the balkans as we all know after the war. this is a very, very difficult task. a lot of people arriving here weren't happy with those draft proposals. i don't think this is a set and done thing. the most important thing, i think that might come out of this is not the way they are going to try and tighten the border controls, send in more border guards, but it's simple, one thing. that is as angela merkel said, it's to make sure that those people who are in no man's land at the moment, those poor refugees escaping the war in syria actually have a blanket, they have sanitation, shelter,
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food. it's the pictures of those people and their suffering in the cold months leading up to the winter that are the most shocking, because they undermine the very principles of the european union where the humanitarian action should and must be taken. these are the principles that hold the e.u. together and they're being flagrantly ignored. these people need proper shelter, food and care. that's the most obviously, painful thing at the moment and angela merkel that mailed that point. we need extraordinary measures for extraordinary times. >> 690,000 having arrived already. if any or perhaps all of these points are put into practice, it would make it it seems to me much more difficult for new refugees, migrants, to come in. >> yes, exactly that, but those who are entitled to come in, those seeking genuine refuge and
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sanctuary inside europe, they are the ones who will be speeded on their way. they are no longer after such a debt prettily long and humiliating journey will have to wait with no real shelter at the borders of europe. then what happens to serbia, albania, what happens indeed in turkey, this is the problem beyond the 16-point action plan, how to include those countries that are equally effective where the refugees are still flowing toward the european borders, how do you hope then into the plan. even if europe does effectively control its own borders, what happens to those so-called buffer zones and to the refugees there? this is really a huge problem and europe is acting very late, but perhaps at last, it is taking the action needed. we'll have to wait and see if all the people here agree on that action plan. that is by no means settled yet. >> thank you, david in brussels where the meeting is taking place. we go total slovenia-croatia
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border, thousands of refugees, nights falling from what you're wearing, it looks pretty cold. i'm sure the conditions there going to be spending the next 12-14 hours and going to be differ. tell you guess about the situation. what have you got there? >> david, it is getting a bit dark now, so maybe you can't see beyond me to the enclosure behind me. i can't call it a camp, because they are out in the open air in the hundre hundreds, probably aa thousand. every time a train comes in from the croatian side, a thousand refugees get off and then walk across the border and they're then housed here for up to five hours or so before being then finally moved on. you make that not be able to see it, but behind me is a dark pal of smoke from the fires. they are not campfires. we're told they are fires that have been lit using whatever
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refuse they can find because they don't have adequate provisions. it's probably plastic or rubbish burning, a very unpleasant experience for those arriving here. finally we are seeing more provisions coming in now. we have volunteer groups who are very much involved and we have to my right six buses from germany come i go in and they are finally being loud through to deliver that equipment. we are seeing coordination between different organizations. what i also needed is coordination between countries. >> how to manage tens of thousands of refugees a week moving across europe is the challenge facing europeen leaders. with so many people coming in at this rate, every day, european leaders, especially the balkan leaders, have to agree how much longer they can keep this going
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and how to regulate all of these people. >> the volunteers say now is the time for compassion. >> they keep coming and we have to take care of them. >> what do you think they should be discussing? what do you think needs to be done? >> really to me, i do not talk the politics. for me, it's the human side, that we really see these are human beings, as we are. >> all from syria are grateful to be here. >> we have to say thanks to europe, because they open and they make it easy for us to come. >> some in europe see that as the problem, and that only barbed wire or bureaucracy will solve it. human rights groups are calling on regional leaders to make the welfare of those in need their highest priority, so in brussels, the debate may swing between the need for compassion and the need for control.
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>> those people behind you around those fires as night comes in, it's not just one group of people coming through, it's the same day after day, different people, but the same conditions. >> that's right. all with different stories, but facing the same outcome when they get here. not just from syria, from yemen, iraq, and also many of them from afghanistan. what's interesting from that draft that we were looking at and you were talking about i guess it specifically mentioned afghanistan and the need to work with afghanistan to send back those who don't qualify, the assumption that afghanistan, there isn't a war going on there, not if you speak to the afghans who are coming here and who are joining this great procession of people coming through. i spoke earlier with a unhcr representative and he made a point to me which is that up to now, the european countries, the e.u. should have seen this coming when the hungary closed
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its borders, be better prepared to respond to these tens of thousands of people that are coming through from all of these countries and they should be better prepared to actually talk to each other instead of criticizing each other, which has been very much the scene and the tenor in recent days. david. >> appreciate that. that's robin walker in slovenia. >> the syrian president bashar al assad says he's ready to take part in elections, and believes the political solution toned the country's four year war is possible. assad made the comments to a delation of russian politicians in damascus but says a political deal will depend on preliminary nateing what he calls terrorist organizations. a member of the syrian opposition and professor of
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political science says there's no question of bashar al assad remaining in power as part of the peace process. most of the people fighting bashar al assad are patriots. the problem is to begin with, he is now a war criminalar at least alleged war criminal because of the destruction he has brought to the country. i don't think a foreign power would have made as much destruction as he has done in syria. he is not a serious person. listen to his pronouncements. he is very clever.
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this is a time for transition, change. the one who had all the opportunities to have dialogue for 11 years. >> an israeli man's been stabbed in the west bank. they say he's in a moderate condition medically. security forces are searching the area. earlier a palestinian woman was shot dead by israeli forces in the west bank city of hebron. police say she pulled a knife and approached them after she asked her to identify herself. also in hebron, a palestinian man was shot and wounded by israeli settlers. in a fourth incident, an israeli man was reported to be stabbed after getting out of his car which was being stopped by palestinians. >> we just heard from the
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palestinian health ministry that the able and name of the girl shot dead in hebron, she is 16 years old. it's worth mentioning that many times we have disputed accounts. we get the official israeli army and police line, but however, there are witnesses in hebron saying shelves not armed, she did not have a knife. we don't see footage, we are not there. we are seeing two different account. the area close to the cave of the patriarchs does have a lot of surveillance cameras in that area, so i think if there is more pressure on the israelis, accounts that this 16-year-old girl was not armed, they can release footage to show that would appease or calm. a lot of people here think that palestinians are being shot left, right and center because of the tensions we're seeing. also what's interesting is this really started this way, started
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a lot when we saw it in occupied east jerusalem. it's now come to the west bank. four incidents today. we've had, it's really a flow on and off over the past week or so here in the west bank, and again, very difficult to control, very difficult for the israeli police and army to predict for anyone to try and calm down, because there are individuals going out and carrying out these attacks and sometimes there be no attacks, but people got shot and killed. it's really sensitive, complicated situation on the ground that is very hard to appease, it seems, at the moment. >> thank you very much indeed. coming up, it is the end of an era. voters heading to the polls to elect a new president after 12 years of being ruled by the kirchners in argentina. >> an emergency evacuation for indonesian children because of that toxic haze.
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>> al jazeera america primetime. get the real news you've been looking for. at 7:00, a thorough wrap-up of the day's events. then at 8:00, john seigenthaler digs deeper into the stories of the day. and at 9:00, get a global perspective. weeknights, on al jazeera america. >> an emergency summit is currently underway in brussels to find a unified approach to europe's refugee crisis. >> syrian president bashar al assad said a political solution to end the civil war is possible, paving the way for elections. >> there have been four violent incidents on sunday in israel and the palestinian territories. an israeli settler was stabbed in the occupied west bank in the most recent. >> aid workers in taiz in yemen
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say a military blockade is making it impossible to help the city's most vulnerable. heavy fighting between pro-government forces and houthis continue with hundreds killed in the last seven months. we have this report. >> yemenese in taiz can find no logic here. saudi-led air raids are meant to back these pro-government fighters, a mix of professional soldiers and tribesmen, but they're having a hard time dislodging the houthis. >> our message to the houthis is that taiz by the support of its men, women and youth is steadfast and will not be defeated. >> convincing the people of taiz is another matter. they remain under siege. houthi fighters have encircled the city. basic necessities, fresh food and water can't get in. what's left is very expensive.
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there are just six barely functioning hospitals left in a city of 600,000. doctors are short of nearly everything, including oxygen, anesthetics and antibiotics. the injured keep coming. al jazeera spoke to some of the local people. >> now the country is fully destroyed, who are we supposed to have a dialogue with no all sides should be put on trial. >> they keep shelling our neighborhoods. we don't see the point of talks. the government should come and see the suffering of the people. >> the houthis keep killing yemenese. there was a 12 month dialogue and they staged a coup. >> the rebel group say they staged a coup to ensure a fairer distribution of the country's wealth. the only thing that is being created is more poverty. >> turnouts have been high in tanzania's elections as a new
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opposition coalition tries to end the good morning party's 54 years in power. voting was extended in some parts of the country to allow those still in queue's to get their vote in. the result is expected to be close. counting starts now. the electoral commission has a week to announce the results. officials want to finish this in
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three or four days. >> in the ivory coast, they've been holding presidential polls there, the first since the country's civil war ended in 2011. the current president has cast his ballot in a vote likely to see him return to office. he was up against 10 other candidates. three are now boycotting the elections because they say there are widespread irregularities. congo and the the main opposition i guess boycotting the referendum on a new constitution on sunday, saying it's an attempt by the president to extend his time in office. we have a report from the capitol. >> congo's president hasn't yet said if he plans to run for a third term, even though it is illegal to do so under current legislation. if the majority approve a new constitution, he could stand next year. he said he is not worried by an opposition boycott.
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>> if they ask followers not to participate, it may cause tension. it's better if they express themselves by voting. they can vote now. >> government supporters in the capital say the new constitution which calls for the abolition of the death penalty is good for the country. >> i voted for the president. it's not because he wants to change the constitution to stay in power. it's because he is trying to maintain peace and order in conger. >> there is a heavy police presence. soldiers have been deployed. the police are stopping people from marching this direction into the city center. they don't want people to protest and disrupt things. for the moment, they have kept this side of the town and the people here. >> some opposition leaders are under house arrest. they believe the president is going to try to stay in power. >> please, mr. president, i'm
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asking you politely, you must go. when your term ends, why are you changing the constitution? >> officials say the result of the referendum could be announced as early as monday. opposition voters say the vote will be unrepresentative and a sham. al jazeera. >> an era of political domination by one single family is coming to an end in argentina as people choose a new leader to replace christina kirchner. the leading candidate if elected will take over from president kirchner, who's been in power since 2007. it was her husband before that. 32 million people get to vote. daniel joins us now from buenos aires. the former vice president who's effectively christina kirchner, the one she'd like to see take
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over is looking like he's slightly ahead at the moment and yet the country's inflation rate is incredibly high still. what would make people want to effectively stay with the same kind of political views rather than choose something different? >> well, inflation here is obviously a big issue. something around 30% a year. the people in many ways have found a way of living with that. it's a difficulty. it's something that ask. ciolli said if he wins he will have to live with. issues like poverty, high crime rate, the economy in general has certainly been raised, but kirchner will handled this over when she leaves with something like a 40% approval rating, which is unusual anywhere in the world after eight years in office. she does still have her support, certainly in the area, the drill belt around buenos aires. the big question here is how
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much of that support is likely to transfer to daniel sciolli and how much the argentina people are demanding a different change in approach to the way politics are done here, represented by the mayor of buenos aires. >> mr. macari, how different would he be if he managed to get into the presidential palace? >> part of his campaign has been how different he will be to christina kirchner and nester kirchner in office before her. a different approach, different politics, he said he would be less confrontational. christina kirchner had a reputation for being that. he would open up the economy to greater international investment. in many ways, a radical change in every different aspect of politics. the question i guess whether the arian tine people in enough in connection want to see that
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change or want to see a continuation as represented by daniel sciolli with obvious live stamping his own identity on the way he does things, but fundamentally the same, whether it be different from macari. >> good to hear from you. thank you for now. >> it could be all change in poland with signs that the current government could be kicked out. the ruling party is trailing on election day. the centrist civic platform party's been in charge for eight years but now appears the conservative law and justice party is gaining in popularity. exit polls on sunday evening with the results officially due on monday. >> dozens of people have been injured in anti-government protests in themont negro capital. thousands were there demonstrating against the prime
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minister. protests ended when police fired tear gas into the crowd. >> a scuffle started as people headed to cast their votes in tokyo for the turkish election. >> indonesia's preparing to evacuate children from areas cloaked intoxic smoke after at least 10 died from breathing in what's in the haze. it contains dangerous chemicals and believed to have been caused by indonesian farmers and large companies lighting fires to clear the land. we have this report from south sumatra.
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>> millions of indonesians across large parts of the country have been forced to breathe toxic smoke for nearly five months now because of fires continually burning in large plantations. the smoke contains dangerous chemicals, such as carbon monoxide, cyanide and ammonia. in just one week, four babies died after having difficulty breathing in south sumatra. on of them, a 15-month-old had been a happy, healthy baby. she died struggling for oxygen. her parents are angry at companies and farmers who continue to burn forests and vegetation to clear their land. >> those who burn are not using their brain, otherwise, they would think about the impact on other people, and they would know it would create this haze. clearly those who burn are greedy. >> scientists have calculated that this year's fires are emitting more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere than across the entire united states every day. patients in this hospital are suffering from a fourfold increase in respiratory diseases.
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>> it's not enough to just wait for the rain to come and douse the fires. there should be more sense of emergency. >> there is anger among the millions forced to breathe poisonous air for five months now. victims of the haze, like the 3-year-old and parents of the baby have yet to receive government support. those in the affected areas say their plight is being ignored. >> after losing her baby sister, the 13-year-old is afraid of the smoke haze. while most of her friends can't stand to wear protective masks anymore, she won't take hers off. >> those who burn have to be brought to justice and punished as severely as possible. we have rule of law in this country. although i have little faith in our law system, it's the only thing i can hang on to. >> police named 17 companies suspected of causing the fires. three have lost their licenses, but environmental groups say they are a small part of a much larger problem.
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with fires still spreading out of control, her family hopes that others will be spared losing a loved one because of this man-made disaster. al jazeera, south sumatra. this is techknow, a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wild fire. we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity and we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science by scientists. tonight: technkow in search of the great american prarie. >> we're in the prarie state yet

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