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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 26, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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emergency meeting on refugees. european leaders agree to create 100,000 spaces at reception centers. ♪ ♪ you are watching al jazeera live from our head quarters in doha. also ahead. land slide victory ex-comedian jimmy morales wins guatemala's president election. plus a river of garbage in lebanon. and. >> reporter: i am imtiaz tyab at the centuries old copper market
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in baghdad. where fathers and sons have for generations turned sheets of copper in to works of art. coming up, find out why so few of the artisans remain. ♪ ♪ after a very contentious emergency meeting e.u. and balkans leaders have finally agreed on new measures to help deal with europe's are he have gee crisis. here is martha agreement entails, 100,000 places in refugees welcome centers will be created. within a week 400 police officers will be sent so slovenia which has struggled with arrival numbers. the e.u. will discourage the movement of refugees and migrants without warning neighboring countries and they'll appoint contact officers to monitor numbers of people and share that information with other authorities. david chater reports. >> reporter: every day count. otherwise we will soon see families in the cold rivers of the balkans perish miserably.
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chilling words from the president of the european commission as jean claude younger welcomed another meter about the refugees crisis. a 17-point action plan was approved first and foremost the delivery of humanitarian aid and the building of new shelters for the people seeking sanctuary signed the european union. the summit also agreed to speed up the processes and registration for genuine refugees. they'll no longer be waved on across borders for the next country to deal with. slovenia's prime minister described the situation in his country as unbearable. and had a stark warn to go his counterparts. >> if we do not deliver some immediate and concrete actions on the ground in the next few days and weeks, i do believe that the european union and europe as a whole will start to fall apart. >> reporter: that action is now
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underway. action that might begin to restore the image of the e.u. as a beacon of humanitarian values. and prevent the erection of anymore razor wire on the borders of europe. >> translator: we have all sig signed a convention on refugees and the -- what is happening does not correspond to the values which we signed up to. >> the immediate imperative is to provide shelter and insure refugees and migrants along the western balkans route are treat ed in a human manner. it cannot be that in the europe of 2015, people are left to fend for themselves, sleeping in fields, wading chest deep through rivers in freezing temperatures. >> reporter: fresh from the greek crisis angela america is now trying to guide the european union through an even bigger test. 10s of thousands of lives are still at stake.
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it's a test she is determined she will for the fail. david chater, al jazeera, brussels. one refugees camp near slovenia's board we are croatia has been overwhelmed by the number of refugees arriving. robin is there and sent this report. >> reporter: this is the point at which the refugees enter slovenia. this is their first destination. an enclosure in a field behind me. there are no at the present times, there is very little in the way of warm clothing or decent food for them to have here. they have taken to burning whatever they can find rubber or plastic in order to try to keep themselves warm. it's a very acrid smell that i am getting. and the night has fall end so it is going to be another cold night for those who have entered here. about a thousand at a time and they must wait here for up to 10 hours. we have been hearing from some reports of volunteers who have been working inside before they can be moved onto processing
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camps. now, that is the humanitarian aspect that needs to be improved. many people are telling us with regard not just to here but also the other camps in slovenia. eventually if these countries can all agree on a coordination system, things will start moving. so that we don't have backlogs and the people like the refugees in this camp don't have to wait so long in the cold before they can move forward. they can't move forward until the next camp is cleared of its group of refugees. and the next camp that is closer to all industry end boarder, they also are unable to table on the continuous flow without closer coordination between the countries involved in this transit from western balks in to the european union. the bodies of at least 14 people thought to be refugees have worked ashore in libya. libyan red crescent team said they were found on beaches east of the capital tripoli. it's estimated at least two and
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a half how people have drowned trying to reach europe in the mediterranean sea this year so far. two turkish fish american who rescued an 18 month old syrian child and his family at sea have visited them. videos shot by the men showed the boy named know ham he had floating face down in the choppy waters when they hauled him on to the boat they realized he was still alive. and began to revive him. the boy's mother described them as heros and says they have given they are family a second chance at life. two turkish policemen have been killed during a shootout with isil fighters in the southeastern city. police were raiding a dozen properties on the outskirts of the city early on monday when the gun battle broke out. seven isil members have been killed and three have been captured alive. the city has not witnessed much isil activity before. a comedian turned politician has won guatemala's presidential election in a land slide victory. the final results is yet to be announced but jimmy morales
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already has 70% of the vote. his a point former first lady sandra torres has conceded defeat. dade i mercer is in guye guatema city with the late e69. >> reporter: jimmy moore he'll has taken the second round of president elections here on sunday. now, jimmy morales was with the conservative fcn party and he's not a career politician at all. in fact he has no political experience whatsoever. but what you might think would actually have worked against him has worked in his favor. now that's because people here are tired of politicians. they say that the political elite has done nothing but talk at mon -- pocket money and pointing to that they look at the political corruption cases that have been taking place in guatemala since april a massive scandal which brought down the president and the vice president, removing them from office and now they are in prison waiting to go on trial
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for corruption. now, jimmy morales swept through with this wave of popular discontent all watt i through the first round of h elections where he came out on top now he has won nearly 70% of the vote in order to take the second rounds of elections he will takeoffs in january. but he can have a difficult time once he takes office as well. he's going to be dealing with very limited budget resources, he's also going to be dealing with a divided congress. so it's going to be very difficult for him to be pushing through some of the political reforms that people have been calling for in a very short amount of time with a lot of eyes on him. so certainly the work is up against jim morales at this point trying to steer guatemala on a clearer course. argentina will face a run-off presidential lex next month after an unexpectedly tied first vote. the ruling party cancel next to neck with the conservative in the first round,.
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>> reporter: it seemed impossible but mauricio the leader of the let's change coalition forced the powerful ruling party for a second round. the first run off in argentina's history. >> translator: i invite to you concur our future it depends on each one of you, i ask you now today to take the years that it takes and we won't stop until we achieve it because every day from december 10th onwards i promise you we will be a little better. >> reporter: his followers celebrated until late at night. many couldn't believe what was going on. >> we going to vote for a historic lex and we will win. we will win the presidency and we will be an excellent government. >> reporter: at the victory head quarters the scene was completely is different. christina kirschner's handpicked successor appealed to the undecided voters promising new
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reforms. >> translator: with all my experience, i ask the undecided and independent to vote for this agenda for a great future for argentinian development. >> reporter: until a few minutes ago this place was filled with people expressing their support for daniel but now they are leaving obviously disappointed because they expected him to get a lot more votes. some have stayed, however take that they are getting ready for the run-off in november. >> translator: this is the way democracy works. we'll have to convince people that ours was the better choice. >> reporter: analysts here say the big challenge is the power christina kirschner will have once she handover the presidency to whomever wins in november. >> translator: in november after the run off the problem is governmentbility. christina will continue to have power, will continue to have influence. she wants to come back in 2019. it's going to be difficult for any president.
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>> reporter: with less than a month to go, both candidates will now use this time to fight hard for the presidency. teresa bo, al jazeera,. mexican president enrique peña neito has traveled on the pacific coast to assess the damage caused by hurricane patricia. nearly three and a half now homes have been affected. the government has been praised for a successful emergency response. patricia is the strongest hurricane ever regarded in the western hemisphere. syrian president bashar al-assad believes that he can still be part of a political solution to end the country's four-year civil war. but he says any agreement will depend on eliminating what he calls terrorist organizations. mohamed jamjoon reports. >> reporter: throughout the past week, up nba state room after state room. diplomats discusses an discussed a war as bloody as any in recent
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memory. one that millions are still trying to flee no matter the cost. jusjust a day after russia calld for new elections in syria. president bashar al-assad met with russian law makers in damascus and declared he's willing to take part in new polls in the syrian people supported the idea. in capital after capital. talks turned again to transition. even though at times it has sounded as though diplomacy is deadlocked as ever. in cairo after a meeting with his egyptian counterpart saudi foreign minister declared al-assad has no role whatsoever to play in syria's future. >> translator: egypt's stance on sear gentleman ya is similar to saudi arabia, we both wish to see a transition taking place in syria examine both of the countries civil and military irrelevant since tuneses preserve and above all to see the syrian people determining their own fate in futur
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future. >> he is now a war criminal or at least an alleged war criminal because of the did he truck that he has brought to the country. i don't think a foreign power would have made as much destruction has he has done in syria. there is no possibility for syrians to consult with the one that killed their kids and destroyed their cities. >> reporter: on the ground in syria, the situation deteriorates more by the day. many of the families who have imagine today escape the fighting haven't yet been able to escape hostility. as syrian children too young to understand the war they fled have become far too a customed to both injury and humiliation. while aid groups haven't stopped warning about the perils of a lost generation.
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a generation now devoid of hope, faces fence that his won't let them pass and governments that don't want them in. mohamed jamjoon, al jazeera. let's just take a leak at the impact both russian as well as the u.s.-led coalition air strikes are having on the ground in syria. victoria gatenby has more. >> reporter: the russian ministry of defense says its air force has flown more than 900 missions and hit more than 800 targets in syria since it began conducting airstrikes on september the 30th. in the past week, it says it's destroyed 363 targets, including 71 command centers, 10 workshops manufacturing explosives, 30 ammunition depots and 252 field camps. it says it's targeting isil but the institute for the study of war a u.s.-based think tank says russia's air campaign is mainly hitting other syrian opposition groups in the countryside south of aleppo and in hama prom
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province. only three airstrikes have been in isil-controlled territory. two in raqqa where oil assets are located. the other location is close to palmyra. the syrian observatory human rights says russian airstrikes have killed 446 people so far. including 75 isil fighters, 151 civilians, and 31 fighters from the al-nusra front. the u.s.-led coalition has been conducting air strike in syria for the past 13 months. the syrian observatory says at three of the 3,650 people have been killed. including more than 3,276 isil fighters. 225 civilians. and 136 fighters from the nusra front. much more ahead on al jazeera, including. having fighting in yemen as
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humanitarian workers in the city of taiz say a military blockade is stopping aid getting through to civilians. plus. prominent palestinian activist and former presidential candidate says he was attacked outside his home.
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>> we're here to fully get into the nuances of everything that's going on, not just in this country, but around the world. getting the news from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... >> ali velshi on target weeknights 10:30p et held going, the top stories al jazeera after a meeting in brussels, e.u. and balkan lead verse agreed to a new plan to try to tackle europe refugee crisis. among the measure is 100,000 places in refugees centers will
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be created. a median turned politician has won guatemala's presidential election in a land slide victory. 46-year-old jimmy moral ales overwhelmingly beat his rival and former first lady san that torres in a run-off vote despite his lack of government experience. syrian president bashar al-assad believes that he can still be part after political solution to end the country's four-year sieval war but says any agreements will depends on eliminating what he calls terrorist organizations. aid workers in the yemeni city of taiz say a military blockade is making it impossible to help the city's most vulnerable. heavy fighting between pro-government forces and houthi wells continues. >> reporter: generally enys in taiz can find no longe logic he. audi air rates on meant to back these fighters. but they are having a hard time dislodging the houthis.
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>> translator: my messaging to the houthi is his that taiz by the support of eights men, well, and youth is steadfast. and will not be defeated. >> reporter: convincing the people of taiz is another matter. they remain under siege. basic necessities, fresh food and water can't get in. what's left is very expensive. there are just six barely functioning hospitals left in a city of 600,000. doctors are short of nearly everything, including oxygen surprise, anesthetics, and apt got. and the injured keep coming. al jazeera spoke to some of the local people. >> translator: now the country is fully destroyed. who are we supposed to have a dialogue with. all sides should be put on trial. >> translator: they keep shelling our neighborhoods, we don't see the point of talks, the government should come to taiz and see the sufficient oring of thsuffering ofthe peop.
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>> translator: the houthis keep killing yemenis. >> reporter: the rebels say i they stage aid coup for a fairer distribution of the well the. in taiz and elsewhere the only thing being create is the more poverty. some areas in lebanon's capital of completely covered with rubbish. for months it's been pile up after a land fill site was closed. now, heavy rain has washed it onto the streets. paul reports. >> reporter: a river of trash flows down the middle of a lebanese street. it's hard to imagine this place was once the destination of choice for the world's jet set. now residents are beirut have to tread carefully. >> translator: today we were covered with rubbish due to the rain. there was a river full of garbage from the high area for here. we were swimming amid the rubbishing. this is how our government works. >> reporter: garbage has been piling up in the city since the
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summer. residents have no choice but to dump their trash on the streets. many fear the unsanitary conditions will lead to illnesses and diseases spread by innininsects. since lebanon's largest landfill reached full capacity in july the gridlocked government has not been able to identify a new site. now heavy rain over the weekend spread lit fretter streets and the banks of the beirut river all over the city. volunteers from the you stink campaign are trying to help. the #youstink has been the social media lobbying tool for frustrated lebanese. donning face masks to his conceal the stretch. volunteers gathered on the banks of the river to pick up what they could. >> translator: the main idea was to clean the banks of the river and because of the rain we were owe bridge today patch the trash from in to the river in order not to close the sue i'm as water enters the houses the river has been changed in on dump instead of a river and the health situation is becoming
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very dangerous. >> reporter: the garbage crisis has ignited mass protests against the government. angry residents took to the streets four weeks ago, they demanded parliament take action or resign. anti-government protesters are accusing lawmakers of corruption. they say parliament members are busy lining their own pockets. they are demanding the government provide brace i can services. >> all 24 minister have his a vetoed power now and they are debating their share of everything in power and basically crippling the entire government which has not met for the past six weeks in any meetings. council of ministers is totally crippled and the country is left without leadership. >> reporter: a national dialogue is scheduled for monday. on the agenda is the latest crisis playing a city once considered the paris of the middle east. paul, al jazeera.
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let's speak to a member of the you stink campaign in beirut joining us from there. so what will come out of the cabinet session later today? >> i mean, we are hoping that actually the cabinet will endorse strategic plan for solid waste management in lebanon. because the country cannot hold actually the -- we are in a bottleneck right now. and in a sense that people in the region refused to receive the garbage. because it's not clear for them what the government is plan doing in the future. >> so when you say you are looking for a extr strategic ple you referring to -- [speaking at the same time] >> right, are you referring to the plan put together back in september that has not been implemented or looking for some additional? >> exactly. we have sent our amendments to the plan and we have asked for this plan to be actually implementable, the council has
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to meet in order to go over the timeline and action plan which we can monitor in the future. this will release the steps in the region in the sense that people understand that okay, in a year, you'll open this dump site or this -- and then we know that in one year we will implement the source and the proper infrastructure in the country. >> and what will happen if that is not endorsed? >> right. what will happen if the plan is not endorsed if new proposals are not put forward? what will the you stink movement do going forward? >> okay, we are continuing our basically with our nonviolent actions. we might escalate to civil disobedience. all the nonviolent options are on the table. we are a nonviolent moving trying to basically build enough pressure the government. we are obviously understand that go lebanon is -- you know, has a fragile political system but the
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problem is that we think that if the people have enough pressure group the political class will respond. and you have seen in the past few months, they have met many times. we have broken already. [speaking at the same time] >> in the recent weeks you haven't kept kept up the pressure and momentum and people are saying your movement has lost momentum and you are unable to mobilize the thousands that came out originally. >> i mean, you know, social movements have, you know, different dynamics. i think that the momentum is not lost, but the contact point between the people and the power is not right now in demonstration. now it's in the region, it's in the universities, it's in the municipalities and this is what you stink has been doing in the past few weeks. we think that our political
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struggle is not, you know, people tend to see always politics and social practice tests as practice testing in the streets. there are many options on the table and we are working that i think on the contemporary the momentum is there again. >> we appreciate your time with us on al jazeera. thank you. prominent palestinian activist and former presidential candidate claims there was an attempt on his life. he says unidentified a say she want lepts attacks him outside of had us home on saturday night. he was injured in the face after the attackers who described as israeli agents stabbed him before fleeing. ' investigation has now been launched. the u.n. special coordinate feeder middle east peace process has condemned the attack. for centuries iraq has been fame for us its copper hand i craft. for centuries they worked in a market in baghdad. but as imtiaz tyab reports the industry is now in danger of vanishing forever.
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>> reporter: for 40 years he has hammered sheets of copper in to works of art. the intricate hand work was taught to him by his father who learned from his father. his family has worked from this stall toss for a for as long asn remember. but he's frayed he's the last one. >> my sons are not going to follow nigh footsteps. unfortunately they believe this profession will be edges stevens, theri canex-at thispoi. there are just a few of us left. >> reporter: for generations it was the top destination for trade presser across the middle east looking for hooly-prized copper hand crafts. that only start today change with the u.s.-led gulf war in 1990. at the time there were hundreds of stalls selling happened made
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copper goods in the market. now only around 15 shops remain, with just five still crafting new pieces. the artisans say it's not just successive wars, economic sanctions, now nearly nonexistent tourism that has hurt their profession, it's also the growing popularity of cheaply-made factory goods that are produced in a similar style. this copy pot was imported from india. he says goods like these are roughly assembled by machines and made out of inexpensive materials but the replicas cost less than a quarter of his hand made creations so he says he's left with little choice but to sell them in order to keep his business afloat. >> translator: when i sell one of me i handmade items, it feels like parting with a piece of my body. would you believe, it's because i have spent so many hours making the piece. i know each sharp detail of it. i dare these factory machine to
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his craft such beautiful art like this. >> reporter: copper artisans are now calling on the government to up vest in the industry. but few have much hope it will. and are all but certain iraq's long tradition of copper craftsmanship will soon disappear for good. imtiaz tyab, al jazeera. >> we've arrived in puerto rico, a us island territory, more than $70 billion in debt. residents are american citizens, but the poverty rate here is 3 times the national average. now, with the economy facing collapse, record numbers are using their american passports to get out. >> i have never been away from