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tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 28, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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11 iranian soldiers are reportedlyd in syria in 48 hours and teheran could be invited to take part in international talks in vienna. ♪ ♪ you are watching al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. i am dareen abu ghaida. also ahead. the somali woman whose alleged rain led to an outcry over australia's refugees policy has flown back to australia. we are in the congo with a constitutional referendum has given the president a green light to run for a third term. >> reporter: i am emma hayward
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in wolfsburg where these v where. workers face an uncertain future because of the emissions scandal. the reported deaths of 11 iranian soldiers in syria in 48 hours have raised questions about the country's close involvement in the conflict. while russia is providing president bashar al-assad with air support. iranian advisers are playing an important role in battles on the ground. now iran also looks set to talk part in international talks in vee an on thursday i spoke to a journalist a short while ago and began by asking him if the reports of these deaths are affecting the public's view of the war in syria? >> nobody wants confrontation here, nobody wants further blood in syria. nobody is winning anything out of this, you know, unnecessary crisis. i think everybody has until this
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point as we speak the best option now is dialogue between all warring factions and all of those outside powers -- >> talk about dialogue in a moment but first if you will just tell me if the iranians are feeling about the war with the death reported quite regularly of their military officers. >> well, not a single day goes by that we don't hear someone or some commander being killed in syria. i don't think that this is good for the prestige of the irgc or other armed forces because in public perception, it means that they are not doing the right job because after four years nothing has changed. so if you want to ask me they are under fresh i, yes, they are under pressure and they want to maybe sure that this conflict comes to an mediad as soon as possible. >> if iran attends the vienna talks, we understand that iran will be invited to participate
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in these talks that are meant to take place on thursday. what is iran bringing to the table? >> many things. first of all, iran has many, many groups inside syria, especially the government that support it, you know, diplomatically, militarily. so if iran is at the same table with other countries, definitely it has something to offer. >> right, but how much is it will to concede, though. >> how much is iran willing it concede? the u.s. state department says the ultimate goal is to come one a framework for successful political transition in syria which leads to a government not led by bashar allah al jazeera . that is something iran clearly has not agreed to. >> not forever. not forever. iran made pain of the compromiseds when it wanted to make a deal with the west. iran is prepared to make sacrifices even if that means
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the removal of president is sad from power. but not right now as we speak. it might happen in the transitional period but it will happen. assad will not be there forever and iran knows that very well, the same thing that happened here, we only have four or eight years of presidents for each and every individual candidate. so if you don't want to prove to the international community that they are serious, it will ask president assad to step down, why not? if this is going to save more lives, iran is more than ever willing to do -- to make that kind of compromise. in another shift in policy the u.s. says it will step up its campaign against isil in syria and iraq. the u.s. defense secretary ashton carter said it will mean support for direct action on the ground. rosalind jordan has more.
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>> reporter: the u.s. military is rolling out a new strategy they are walling it the 3 rss. your honor forces getting more involved. >> the 30 and file r is raids signaling that we went hold back approximate supporting capable partners in opportunistic attacks against isil or conducting such missions directly. >> reporter: cart open statement comes after last week's raid where u.s. special forces jumped in to help kurdish fighters f so that would be a major policy change for the u.s. prison barack obama promise nod ground troops to fight isil. carter told congress that despite -- they are pressuring hider al bad al-abadi. to not will he russia join the fight. >> prime minister abadi has repeated those pledges.
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>> reporter: there is another complication. the never-ending flow of foreigners who want to to fight with isil. even as allies, such as turkey are arresting isil supporters, the military's top general admitted the coalition doesn't have a plan to stop foreign fighters. >> we really don't have amongst all the coalition kind i've common view of where the foreign fighters come from, how they move back and forth in to the area, but more importantly, not much of a track on where they go once they leave. >> reporter: the military leaders also said they have been studying the usefulness of a no-fly zone in northern syria. something legislators have called for repeatedly. >> what you are saying is the strongest nation in the world with the most capable military can't even establish a no fly zone to protect people from being barrel bombed by bashar al-assad. that's an em bare as moment. >> reporter: it's not clear whether card carter or dunford convinced any lidge slaters they had the right strategy but there is a hung feeder u.s. to get it
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right. rosalind joran, al jazeera, washington. in labia a helicopter has been shot down killing 13 officers loyal to the government in tripoli. it led to intense fighting. the government and tripoli and rival administration in tobruk are considering aup-backed deal to form a unity government. a 23-year-old somali woman whose alleged rain led to an outcry over australia's refugees policy has been flown back to australia. andrew thomas has the latest from sydney. >> reporter: the somali lady known by the sued then abby ann has way refugees who dried to come to australia by boat but under the tough policy against refugees plied after she was arrived she was deport today an australian run prison in nauru and told she would never get to reset physical australia even if she was a genuine refugees. somehow in nauru she became pregnant. she says she was raped. a boxer, she claimed she wanted an abortion is illegal in nauru so campaigners in australia made
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the australian government bring her to australia for that procedure. it took her a few weeks ago but she did a rave and five days later she was sent back to that lou by the australian government having not had the procedure. australian's government said she changed her mind. she did need that through her lawyers in australia. she said she simply wanted more time to make up her mind. either way, she said he still wanted the procedure to done. well, overnight the united nations said that it was very concerned about her case. that it wanted her brought back to australia for an abortion if she still wants one. australia's government has now under mounting pressure relented, she will come back to alaustralia for tensions with counsel ores to decide if she wants it done. this was a micro chad story that ill plus extra tifillustrative a treats refugees. in london the former prime
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minister tony abbott on tuesday night london time advised european leaders to adopt some of the very tough tactics that he says have stopped people smugglers bringing refugees to his australia. he thinks europe needs to do that or risk catastrophic, in his words, consequences. the african union has released a long-awaited report in to south sudan's civil war accusing the state of organized and systematic murder in the capital juba and both sides of violating human rights remember the investigation headed by the former nigeria president has been shelved to give peace talks a chance. rivalry coast election condominiumses is the incumbent has won a landslide victory in sunday's presidential pole. he got nearly 84% of the vote. the head of the election commission said the results will be sent to the constitutional court to be value eight dated. tania page sent this update. >> reporter: incumbent president is widely expect today win this
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vote riding high on the wave of success of years of successive 9% economic growth. the news coming from the election commission here that 60% of voters turned out on sunday greeted with some skepticism i have to say particularly from some opposition parties some of who called for a boycott they have alleged the commission itself was a biased towards the incumbent president there were delays opening polling stations having a lot of trouble with the electric voting system as well. but in the end the african union observers di declaring the vote free and transparent. in fence 10 the up country bent refuse today accept defeat sparking months of deadly violence, 3,000 people were killed. at the moment h he is awaiting trial for crimes against humanity. at the international criminal court at the hague think but his influence was still felt at sunday's poll. many of his supporters felt that
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there was no one this time around that represented them and that could create a problem for the next government if it wants to make sure everyone in this country is included in unity and reconciliation and moving this country forward. voters in congo's referendum have overwhelmingly backed a plan to scrap presidential term limit. it means the incumbent can contest a third term in office. but the oppositions says it was rigged. >> reporter: blanch hopes things are getting back to norm until capital. protests against changes to the constitutional that will allow congo's president to run for a third term have should down the market and her business for days. >> translator: we can now sell our things again. it's calm. i hope things stay calm. the people want peace. >> reporter: the government says most people voted yes to the new constitution, in sunday's referendum. the president election is in july 2016, so far the president
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hasn't said he want a third term but opposition leaders fear he may try to hang onto power. some opposition supporters were shot and killed by police during protests last week. leaders say for safety reasons they ever called off protests for now, they have they say the. >> referee: dumb was a shame. >> i was the saddest map in the world. i want to say this to the president, the congolese people are suffering. the congolese people can't do it properly. you can go everywhere. something is missing. there 70 any peace. >> reporter: members of the ruling partying calling for calm and insist change in the constitution is not about one man extending his term. >> it was not about choosing a presidential candidate. the change not constitution were not about one man, it was to build a better country writtal as far as we are concerned discussion of the cons tune are over, it's done. the main opposition leader is
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under house arrest. now the congolese people wait to see if the president will step down when his term end next year. al jazeera. still ahead on al jazeera,. >> reporter: i am harry fawcett reporting from south korea's rapidly emptying damn. increasingly people are worried about not just a short-term drought but a long-term problem. in the coming hours nasa's space craft will make its closest trip to saturn's moon.
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♪ ♪
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held going, the top stories on al jazeera 11 other iranian soldiers are report to have had been killed in syria. u.s. condemns iranian involvement but says it's not open to talks with the government. a 23-year-old somali woman whose alleged rain led to an outcry over australia's refugees policy has been flown back to the country. it comes as the former prime minister tony abbott calls for our up to close its boarders to refugees. ire are you's incumbent has won a landslide victory in sunday's presidential pole. he got nearly 84% of the vote. the u.s. the fbi is investigating a policeman who slammed a student to the ground in the classroom the video has gone rile. but the officer's boss says the video doesn't show the full story as patty kill lane reports from washington. >> reporter: it's happened again. another video goes viral.
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this time in south carolina. a teenager refuses to leave her high school classroom and this is how the police officer responded. he's been suspended the justice department is investigating whether her civil rights were violated. another indication of police force causing out rage in ferguson, missouri and dal baltimore maryland police-involved deaths spark right under the circumstances and create a movement. black lives matter. hoping to highlight the growing divide between police and communities of color. >> may god protect our cops. now president obama is trying to get sides talking. >> there are a lot of african americans, not just me, who have that same kind of story of being pulled over or frisked or something and the data shows that this is not an aberration. >> reporter: in general, crime rates in the u.s. are falling, but several cities are seeing skyrocketing murder rates and
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the fbi director says the protests and the backlash are part of the reason. >> i spoke to officers privately in one big city precinct, who described being surrounded by young people with mobile phones held high taunting hem when they get out of their cars. they said to me, we feel under siege and we don't feel much like getting out of our cars. >> reporter: in baltimore, the statistics are telling. there were 177 murders in 2014, with 2015 not yet over. the number of murders have climbed far past that to 270. at the same time, police are arresting far fewer people, almost 12,000 fewer. a drop of 34%. civil rights groups say that's a problem. >> in a democracy the agents of the government do need to be able to take criticism, understand where it's coming from and realize that they are accountable to the people. and they need to address the concerns of the communities that they police. >> reporter: this police officer's boss says this video
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doesn't tell the whole story. but there is another video showing the student trying to punch the police officer. he'll decide on wednesday if this is an appropriate response. but thanks to social media. mitch of the country has already reached its own conclusion. patty culhane, al jazeera, washington. hubert williams say former president of the police foundation, here is what he said. >> the officer used a lot of unnecessary force from, my perspective. unless there was -- his life was they wanted, was there a gun, we saw no gun, we saw no weapon and we saw the officer continually dragging this woman across the floor. if she commit aid violation of the law, why wasn't she handcuffed, so it's problematic and this is the kind of thing that really casts the police in a bad light. and i think that part of the problem is that some people cannot -- that become police officers are not able to handle
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the job in an equitable and balanced manner because they have these racial skewed by as that his impacts the way they think and operate. there should be an increased focus on the tests that are given to determine the qualifications of somebody to handle the complex and difficult responsibilities of a police officer's job. and people that can't handle that job, they should they should not be in the police department. within the last few years volkswagen has announced its latest quarterly figures we are crossing over to emma hayward. it seems the latest figures are evening worse than what analysts had predicted. >> reporter: i really think they are dareen. i think many people are expecting it to be a blow about, but not this much of a depth of a blow. given that vw were make a similar profit last year,
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three-point something billion dollars in profit last year. but i think this will be really difficult for the vw employees to take in the new ceo of vw will speak to investigators later to obviously try to reassure them that he is doing everything that he can to try to salvage this brands, he will also go to china with angela merkel later on again to try to inning shirts investigators that v sw. a brand that they can investigate in and that they can trust in. i don't think you can get across quite how big the car industry is here in germany employing 1 in 7 people. and something the germans are very proud of and they are very concerned about the figures and what it will mean for this sector. >> okay, emma, i for you that update from berlin. >> to remind you once again emmy was telling us about the volkswagen losses that were just announced over the past few minutes so they are reporting a
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3.4 billion euro loss in the third quarter of 2015 and that in part is due to the cost of the diesel emissions scandal that the company has been going through. now china responded furiously to a u.s. navel patrol in the south china sea. beijing called the u.s. ambassador in protest and warned washington it will responsibility if u.s. warships deliberately pass near islands again. robnik bride reports. >> reporter: the u.s. has been signaling for months that it would make this symbolic sail past. chinas warned it would respond appropriately and both sides have been good to their word. the patrol by. uss larson came within 12 nautical miles of the disputed spratly island in the south china sea. normally the internationally send limit of a nation's territorial claim. but not accepted by the u.s. which says these are international waters open to
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anybody. china says it shadowed the u.s. vessel accusing it of harming regional peace and stability. >> translator: we want to strongly your honor the u.s. to respect our position and correct its mistake immediately. it should not conduct any dangerous provocative action that his threaten china's azov remember at this and security interests. it should also keep the promise of not taking sides on the issues of territorial disputes so as not to further harm the china-u.s. relationship. >> reporter: the waters of the south china sea are disputed by china and several of eights asian neighbors. among them the philippines, which as an ali of the u.s. welcomed the move saying the ship was operating international waters. >> the balance of power says there is not a single voice that must be adhered to there has to be a blue al at this of voices. >> reporter: another ally, japan has its only territorial dispute with china natural east china
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sea. it went further expressing concern at china's island-building activities in the south china sea. >> translator: the unilateral conduct to change the status quo such as the large scale landfills to build ocean platforms in the south china sea are a common concern for the i want national community as the prime minister repeatedly said it's very important that the international community unites to maintain the peace and stability in the south china sea. we are closely conducting our intelligence information with the united states. >> reporter: the united states said the decision to send the warship close to the disputed islands reaffirms its right to sail in what it considers international waters think china is responded in equally assertive terms that it will safeguard what it sees as it's a territory. but there is widespread regional support from china's neighbors for america's actions. rob mcbride, al jazeera,
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beijing. south korea is experiencing its worst drought in over four decades. harry fawcett reports from the worst-affected area. >> reporter: the reservoir is emptying byheay think it its water surprise nearly half a mill join people in the area as well as agriculture and industry. it's a slow moving crisis that has been coming from years but action set railed this summer with rainfall just 2/5. they want to spread the word about water conservation. local governments are you recalling a 20% reduction in-house hold use i'm a campaign which has made little difference so far. >> now when i see the problem is we get an idea how serious it is by looking at the water shortage. >> reporter: in a normal year at this time it should be 60% full think but it stands at less than 20%. this drought linked to the el nino weather system is making worse the problems of previous dry years. in any normal year this area
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would be well under water, but even if between now and next spring miraculously there were to be normal average rainfall it still wouldn't make up the shortfall in precipitation. people herein increasingly report just worried about a 1-0 drought. rather a long-term problem. >> translator: usually it is more than 70% of its annual precipitation in the summer the lack of rain is bound to lead to a drought. we have had autumn droughts for the last 10 years, and last winter and spring rainfall was only 50% of average. so it's getting worse. >> reporter: the shortage has hit hardest on coastal rice patties reclaimed from the sea. not muchresh water has meant salt wise to this surface. farmers here say they have lost 2030 and 100 percent of their crops without double the usual rainfall between now and next spring, they say they won't be able to plant the next crop. >> translator: i am worry about farming at all next year. we need the government to bring
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in water from somewhere else to career a conditions for remember >> reporter: the there is a than plan to divert water from another major river but with a pattern emerging of consistently drier mether over the whole country. bigger issues of tackling consumption as well as supply are sure to be needed. soutsouth korea. bee keep nurse mexico are taking the agro chemical company monsanto to court accusing them of polluting their honey and threatening their livelihoods. lucia newman reports from the southern tip of mexico. >> reporter: beekeeper calls it the mayan's greatest treasure, the same color but more valuable than gold. it's called mayan for honey. produced here in tree trunks by tiny bees. they don't sting, and they make the most prized honey in the yucatan peninsula jungle.
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>> we use it for ceremonies to ask for rain but it also has ma disnatural properties. >> reporter: the ancients mayans evening mixed hahn we dirt as cement for their famous per midst. pyramids. >> today more than 20,000 mayan families produce honey from far-more aggressive bees. her husband uses smoke to keep them from attacking. the honey produce ears is ex-strew i haextremely sought os a very high price on the european market but the livelihood of the family that his produce third degree depends not just on its taste and aroma but their ability to keep their honey pure and that's why these nearby soy a plantations have become the enemy. gametically modified and sprayed with highly toxic herbicides both sold by monsanto the crops are providing bees with what beekeepers describe ahead contaminated pollen.
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>> translator: they are did he foresting our junk and they want to go close our market because the europeans won't buy genetically modified mop hahn we traces of mesh side mesh sides e are demanding their license to sell soya be revoked. >> reporter: support erred make a final appeal this week on the eve of its ruling. >> translator: the court has the power to limit these crops that have the potential for impact health, the edge severely and in this case the cultural heritage of the mayan communities a culture closely linked to what some call the nector of the gods. today pitted against arguably the world's most powerful agro chemical corporation. lucia newman, al jazeera, mexico. in the coming hours nasa zaps space craft will make the closest ever fly past sat un'sy
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ocean bearing moon the space craft has been orbiting saturn since 2004 will pass through a plume of ice and water vapor which shoots out from hits its south polar region passing over at a speed of 30,000-kilometers an hour it will take gas and particle samples from the plume.