stay right here, because the news continues next, live from london this is al jazeera. ♪ ♪ hello i am lauren taylor, this is the news our live from london. coming up. barrel bombs are dropped in syria as key diplomats arrive in vee an for taupe-level talks aimed at ending the civil war. china tries to abolish its one-child law. u.s. house of representatives elects a new speaker. what does that mean for president obama? and we speak to afghan refugees who his made their desperate
journey to europe only to be sent forcibly home. i am robin adams in doha with all of today's big sports story including the kansas city royals take advantage of home field to go 2-0 up in baseball's world series. ♪ ♪ the war in syria is the focus of international talks in vienna. u.s. secretary of state john kerry has already met on the sidelines with iran's foreign minister. they will be joining foreign ministers from russia, turkey, saudi arabia, and france in top-level talks aimed at resolving the conflict. it's hoped that opening a political dialogue with press assad's allies, rush and a iran may find a way to a solution to a new transitional politically compote country rim the civil war has been ongoing for 4 1/2 years and more than 250,000 people have been killed in the fighting. al jazeera's mohamed jamjoon is in vienna, joining us live now.
so is there any optimism or how much optimism is is there that can this could be any different from the previous attempts to resolve the situation in syria? >> reporter: well, lauren, so far what we are hearing is very guarded optimism. u.s. secretary of state john kerry when he was walking over to another hotel a few hours ago to meet iranian foreign minister expressed that he was guardedly optimistic. really it's only what happens tomorrow that would really be able to tell what happens in the rest of these talks. these high-level talks. we are hearing some reports that possibly this saudi delegation has finally arrived at the hotel imperial which is behind us where the talks will take place. as far as the rest of the evening, while everything seems to have gotten started much later than was expected today, we are told that within the next 40 minutes there should be a four-way meeting between the u.s., russia, saudi arabia, and turkey.
and that possibly in the next two hours e.u. foreign poll at this chief will be addressing the press. so a lot of stuff going on. it's very complicated situation as we have been discussing several times in the past few hours. what has been interesting is that the iranians have been having their own separate bilateral meetings just down the street at another hotel, the bristle hotel. not only did u.s. secretary of state john kerry go over there to meet with his counterpart, foreign minister, but also the russian foreign minister, sergei lavrov went over there and had a bilateral chat with the iranian foreign minister. really, it seems to be reinforcing the message that one of the keys to any kind of breakthrough here will be the participation of the iranians. they will be involved in the talks tomorrow as we have said many times today, this is the first time that iran, which is one of the primary backers of syrian president bashar al-assad has been involved, will be
involved in these very high-level diplomatic talks. but as you mentioned in your lead in to knee just a -- me just a few moments ago all the run up to the talks all the high-level diplomacy has yet to reveal any kind of tangible results on the ground in syria. we have heard of more horrific bombings going on in different parts of sear request and the human train year crisis continues to unfold at a horrific pace in syria as well. lauren. >> okay, mohammed jamjoon thanks very much for bringing us up-to-date with the activity on that story. we have more now on the difficulties all parties face in agreeing on a unified approach to ending the conflict. >> reporter: this is the town after it was hit by an air strike. many streets and thousands of syrian civilians face this every day. until was between opposition rebels using artillery and rockets and government forces dropping barrel bonds and u.s. and russian drones in fighter
planes above them. u.s., turkey, saudi arabia and other gulf states support opposition rebels. they have been fighting the syrian government backed by iran, russia, and lebanon's hezbollah. the russian government makes little distinct between opposition fighters and isil. it's providing military advisers and air support to president bashar al-assad's forces. the u.s. has been demanding president assad step down. it's supporting some rebel that his it considers ideologically moderate. while conducting airstrikes against isil. saudi arabia insists bashar al-assad must go or be removed by force. it has been calling for safe zones in rebel strong holds along the turkish border a position that turkey supports. and the most important ground support for the assad government comes from iran. the country is providing military and financial assistance. iranian special forces and the shia armed group hezbollah are fighting with the syrian military. large parts of syria and its economy have been destroyed. hundreds of thousands of people have been killed and millions
wounded and displaced nay conflict that's now in its fifth year. this cautious optimism about the direct talks in vienna which includes iran for the first time as all sides involved agree at least in public, that continue to go fight is not the solution for syria. >> the view of our partners in this was that we should test the intentions of the iranians and the russians about their seriousness in arriving at a political solution in syria which we all prefer. >> translator: iran's stance on sear was has not changed from day one on this conflict imposed on syrian people. we have always said the solution of the conflict lies in political solution through negotiations. >> reporter: the syrian child tells his crying mother, don't worry, it's just a little blood. millions of other syrians can only hope there is an end to all of the bloodshed. al jazeera. >> inside syria at least three
people have been killed off a dozen barrel bombs were dropped on a residential town. u.k.-based syrian observatory human rights says the airstrikes hand a wednesday. this video was posted on the same day by the local activist media group. it allegedly shows an air strike by a government helicopter it. claims i'll woman and her son were among those killed in the raids. at least 15 people, including children and medical staff have been killed after syrian regime forces she would a makeshift hospital. a further 50 others were injured when a facility crumbles in the attack in douma north of the capital du damascus. ♪ ♪ >> the chinese communist party has a your honor nod the end of its controversial one child policy with all coupl couple cos allowed to have two children.
the policy is one of the largest ever social engineering experiments. it's estimated to have prevented about 400 million births. many families were able to have more than one child provided they paid a fine. some estimates say the government has made more than $314 billion in such fees since 1980. those who couldn't afford to pay were often subject today forced abortions and sterilizations. the policy is also seen as a contributing factor in china's jerpdz imbalance which now has an estimated 33 million more men than women. rob mcbride reports from beijing. >> reporter: the announcement came at the end of the communist party's four-day gathering of its leadership, mapping out the next five-year plan. the strategy sets broad economic goals for china's development. but it's the change in the country's one-child policy that has been the most eagerly anticipated by many families here. it had already been partially relaxed, allowing families where
at least one parent is from a one-child family themselves, to have two children. now that is being extended to all couples. >> the importance of this measure is not so much demographic in terms of encouraging vast new numbers of children to be born, but it is the lifting of a highly-restrictive and at times extremely-coercive policy as we have heard. >> reporter: the one-child policy was brought in to control china's population. it's cancellation will be popular. but a number of couples like this haven't decided to have another child. for them, careers and living costs in beijing are the priority. >> my wife and i don't have any specific plan to -- for the second child. >> reporter: their seven-year-old son henry, though, is in no doubt he wants a sibling. >> i a sister. >> reporter: as well as the social and relationship problems
associated with a generation of one-child families, is the longer term demographic imbalance. there is a growing number of elderly people who need to be supported by an ever-that reaching working population. a one-child policy put in place more than 30 years ago to avoid one population crisis has to be a bun ban doned to avoid another in the future. rob mcbride, al jazeera, beijing. >> we are joined by the deputy director of the china institute at the school of oriental and african studies here in london. thank you very much for think doing in. so why have they done this, apart from the issue of the age, why now? >> i think one is the aging issue, this is a response to the aging population in china. and another issue is economic concern. in the past three decades china's economic grow is mainly from exports which largely depend upon abandoned and surplus cheap labor. and the decline of the working
labor force has been considered impacting the economic development in china. >> we show the dischanges of this policy, the people who suffered. was there anything good about it? >> there is some unexpected consequences of the one child policy which is in terms of the treatment towards [ inaudible ] in china because the families are only to allowed to have one child. regardless of the sex. the parents always invest whatever they have in to the education. research found out there is no differences in terms of educational achievements between the single boy family and the single girl family. >> that's positive. interesting, though, that we heard from rob mcbride's report seen elsewhere, the suggestion actually even when there was a bit of a relaxation of the rules on the one-child policy in the last year or so, a lot of people don't choose to have a second child. what is that about?
>> yeah, i did a lot of interviews with young doubles and i think there were two reasons. the first is the cost associated with raising a child is very expensive. the education expensive. and the second reason is because the limited childcare facilities available in china. and for a woman, to normally have about four months maternity leave and afterwards, for the young -- for the young children normally they give to their parents to look after. because they are very limited childcare facilities for under three years old in china. >> and so unless any of that all changes, do you think that actually people still won't choose to have a second child and therefore the government is going to have too find ways of -- different ways of increasing the population. >> unless the government is starting to share the burden of childbirth, i don't think the young couples in china will voluntarily accept this two-child policy. >> and it's been described obviously as kind of an
experiment of social engineering. what conclusions can you draw from the way it played out? >> i think according to the chinese official data is kind of this one-child policy has been considered successful in prevent big 400 million births in the last three decades. however, i mean, in a way, i think the chinese government become the victim of success because the issue you of aging population and related to the economic slow down and also the result of proper development of infrastructure, care facilities, i think the young couples nowadays are very reluctant to take on this two-child policy. >> what about the horror sorries, br* stories if you like of trying to get rid the secretary children. give me an idea of the bad sides of the policy. >> the human sacrifices are immense. a lot of stories and research on
the forced sterilizations and infante side and sex-selective abortions, these things lead to very skewed [ inaudible ] in china. there were reports about 2,230,000,000 men having difficulty finding wives and media reports some rural men actually going to vietnam to find a way. >> thank you very much indeed for joining us. thank you. a lot more to come here on al jazeera. pakistani students survey the damage to their schools following monday's devastating earthquake. india pursues closer relationships with africa and their resources at the third africa summit in new delhi. upsets at the wta finals in singapore as competitors battle for a semifinal spot. robin will have the details later in the sport. ♪ ♪
israeli forces have shot dead two palestinians after separate attacks in hebron in the occupied west bank. israeli military says in both incidents palestinians stabbed israeli soldiers before they opened fire. one serviceman suffered minor head injuries. 66 palestinians and nine israelis have died since the violence broke out at the beginning of october. united nations has warned that violence between is ees reallies and palestinians could lead to a ca it have truss i. palestinians have said do not interfere. >> reporter: it's an almost daily vents. but in this game of cat and between the youth and the israeli army the rules have changed. he says in areas like this under palestinian authority control the security forces are keeping
a low profile. >> translator: now that the violence has increases and we have killed many people there are not way for the security force to his start us if they tried it would turn the revolt against the palestinian authority wrath their against israel. >> reporter: security at this forces confronting protesters and stopping them from marching towards israeli checkpoints have angered many people. but in the last few weeks, rather than being present in large numbers the p.a. men in uniform have kept their distance. al jazeera tried to get an official to comment on the tactic. by nobody was available the palestinian security forces are around. the protesters told us people are still monitored and sometimes arrested by the p.a. just with talk of a new intifada they don't want to be seen as antagonizing a young general gen of activists but there is a new
twist. university student are using social media to advertise alternative. >> don't think they are listening to the political leadership or even to the political party. they are taking ownership and trying to change the whole framework of this struggle against occupation. >> reporter: nobody knows when or how the latest up surge in violence will end. but there is so much frustration among the young protest that's by and large they are being left to their own devices. al jazeera, in the occupied west bank. pakistanis recovering from monday's eart earthquake that kd more than 200 people and badly damaged buildings, including 800 schools, kamal hyder reports from the swat valley where cleanup and rebuilding efforts are underway. >> reporter: these are the signs of the powerful earthquake and its aftermath. these girls remember the moment
when their school shook violently. she and her friends are still nervous about the possibility of more aftershocks. >> translator: our school was badly damaged and all the students are afraid to go to their classes. even the teachers have not come back. >> translator: everyone here is frightened and in shock. only a few people came back to college. they are sitting on the lawn waiting for directions. but no arrangements have been made. >> reporter: and because of the extensive damage to the building, it is no longer safe to be inside. classes are now held outdoors in the open. >> translator: no one is ready to risk their lives. the whole infrastructure has cracked and could collapse at any time. we are worried about our studies so the government must do something. >> reporter: it will be difficult for many of the students to continue with their studies. but the principal says she's not giving up yet. >> i am worried a lot. this will be very difficult to
manage. but i hope that i will use my resources to [ inaudible ] >> reporter: many buildings in poor neighborhoods did not stand a chance against a magnitude 7.5 earthquake, which hit northern afghanistan but was felt in far away places, including here in pakistan. these schools were attacked by the pakistani taliban in the past. most of them were rebuilt with foreign helpful but the recent earthquake has traumatized many. >> it was kind of a shocking, traumatic situation for students. the building, as you can see, was damaged significantly and we suspended the classes for the time being. >> reporter: many of the students here are now worried about their future. after the deadly earthquake hundreds of institutions in this province are badly damaged and therefore students are unable to go inside these classrooms. about winter fast approaching,
the challenge for the government will be to insure that 10s of thousands of students don't lose more valuable time. kamal hyder, al jazeera, swat and northwest pakistan. paul ryan has been elected to one of the biggest jobs in u.s. politics. he became the new speaker of the house of representatives. he'll replace john boehner following a revolt by conservative lawmakers who forced his retirement. ryan says it's an opportunity for a fresh start. >> let's be frank, the house is broken. we are not solving problems. we are adding to them. and i am not interested in laying blame. we are not settling scores. we are wiping the slate clean. >> kimberly halkett is live for us in washington, d.c. so how significant is this change? >> reporter: this is a big change simply because not only
are -- do we now have a new leader in the house of representatives, a saying power pull. this is third in presidential succession right after the vice president. but also because there seems to be a feeling in congress that this is a new chapter, if you will, this is an opportunity to as paul ryan said turn the page on some of the legislative gridlock that really has paralyzed washington in recent years. resulting in very little being accomplished to really historic proportions it's been called the do-nothing congress. simply because the two sides, namely democrats and republicans, are not seeing any common ground. paul ryan in his speech asked for prayers because he realizes a big job is ahead. as he tries to get not just democrats and republicans talking but also as you pointed out there, members of his own party who pushed out the former speaker, some of the further right republicans, who have been very strident in some of their did hdemands and have made it difficult at times for anything to be accomplished. paul ryan is saying he's up to the task and hopeful that he can
restore faith in the legislative body that most americans acknowledge with historically low approval ratings that they have really lost confidence in in recent years. >> and what it mean for president obama? >> reporter: well, it means that he may have a chance of seeing some of the things that he was elected to try to accomplish in terms of his legislative agenda getting at least a new sort of resuscitation, if you will, there have been a number of key issues when it comes to things like tax reform and perhaps even restoring sections of the voting rights act that the white house seems to think that they could find some agreement with new speaker in charge of the house of representatives. but expectations are being tempered. there is really cautious optimism, because they recognize that there are all many issues that are still very far apart between the he can executive branch of the white house and the sledge slate i have branch. the house of representatives and the senate. some of those issues being immigration reform, the push for gun control that the president made a very strong push for but really failed up here on capitol
hill. so, again, there is cautious optimism right now. today we see a lot of back slapping, handshaking and smiles, but tomorrow will really be the indication when the house is back in session next week about whether or not all of that translates in to actual real legislative work being accomplished and being sign ed in to law by the president. >> okay, kimberly halkett live in washington for us, thank you. leaders from 54 african nations are in new delhi as part of a third india-africa summit. india wants access to the continue net's vast natural resoars and african nations need the skills and expertise india has to offer. nidhi dutt has more from new delhi. >> reporter: it's described as one of the most ambitious diplomatic events india has host ed in recent times. leaders from across africa have converged in new delhi. indian prime minister modi has assured them the long trip was worth their while.
>> to add [ inaudible ] to the policy, india will offer credit of 10 billion year dollars over the next five years. [applause] >> this will be in addition to our ongoing credit program. we will also offer a grant assistance of $600 million. this will include in india, africa development funds of 100 million u.s. dollars. and in india, africa, of 10 million u.s. dollars. >> reporter: until now, india's relationship with african nations have largely been about trade. that meetings between modi and dozens of heads of state have also focused on strategies to fight armed groups. defense and anti-piracy operations and there are other
reasons why india is eager to strengthen its ties across the continent. >> united nations security council reform featured in virtually all the meetings and india and africa are on exactly the same page. both feel the current structure of the united nation is his out dated and it needs to accommodate africa and india, a continent, an entire continent has been excluded a country which represents 1/6th of humanity has been excluded. other elements of course how india and africa can help each other, particularly how africa would benefit from capacity building using india expertise. >> reporter: the indian government is even reaching out to leaders other countries have shunned. including zimbabwe's robert and sudan's president who is wanted by the international criminal court for war crimes. but these photo opportunities are all about increasing india's presence in a region teeming
with opportunity. india lags well behind china when it comes to investing in africa. but where beijing has expanded its influence by focusing on big public projects like infrastructure, new delhi is looking for provide expertise in sectors like healthcare, education, and technology. but analysts say it may be some time before african nations acknowledge india's push to play a bigger part in their growth. since coming to power last year, prime minister modi has aggressively sold india to the world. but many say the real test of his policies will be real changes on the ground. nidhi dutt, al jazeera, new delhi. still ahead on al jazeera the e.u. awards its top human rights prize to a saudi blogger whose writings about free speech have landed him in jail. exploring migration through art. 40 zimbabwean artis artists feae
♪ ♪ held going, reminders of the top stories here on al jazeera. the u.s. secretary of state john kerry and iranian foreign minister have met in have you ina ahead of international talks to end the civil war in syria. china abandoning its controversial one-child policy after more than three decades. republican paul ryan is elected the new speaker of u.s. house of representatives. syria's war may be one of the causes of the current refugees crisis but many of the refugees travel to go europe are from afghanistan. there is a push to speed up the return of afghans, bangladesh is and pakistanis who are deemed to be economic migrants. from the awed industry a-slovenia border, robin reports. >> somehow i found in kabul the other on the roads.
>> reporter: friendships have been forge odd this journey like he and his new family. from afghanistan, he is just 16 years old. aged by a conflict which returned to his hometown this month. >> it was awful. awful situation. all the time some people come with a bomb. i don't have a school. i don't have anything. you know, i lost my family in -- on the way off iran and afghanistan. >> reporter: getting asylum may not be straightforward. because the e.u. considers many afghans to be economic migrants and want to make it easier to send them home. there is a war going on in afghanistan yet there is intention to return them. that doesn't seem to make sense. >> there is at the moment a recognition rate of 40% among the afghans. so, of course, this will be an individual questioning to see in which situations they live, whether they can go back or not go back.
you can see what's happening in the war situation will it be improving. >> reporter: most refugees are from syria, but an estimated 25% of those entering austria are from afghanistan. now, in many instances, i have seen people of different nationalities coming together, but i have also noticed some resentment over who is most deserving of asylum. owe some a, a dentist from damascus asked me why i was interview afghans? the e.u. wants to send back afghans that it considers migrants. >> okay. [ inaudible ] yeah, because we are in need in this war here, not afghanistan, they have to go back to their country, actually. floss war. >> reporter: for he and his friends the idea of reaching safety only to facing sent home evokes hollow laughter. they have given up everything to make this journey and they say
there will be no going back. robin forester walk, he al jazeera on the austria slovenia boarder. >> back in afghanistan many families still have their sights set on germany but the number of migrants seeking a sly up has been deemed unacceptable by the minister. but that's not enough to deter those who plan to leave. >> reporter: for a month she didn't know whether her 16 year olds son was dead or alive. in june, he left his home in northern afghanistan hoping to get to germany. it was a dangerous trip. >> translator: on the seas he local drowned. he told me the boat was sinking. the water was up to his neck. after lots of difficulties he reached land. they stayed in greece for a couple of days and then went to serbia. for 10 days the smuggler locked them in a dark room with only a small hole in the ceiling. he said they only fed them once a day.
>> reporter: two and a half months ago he reached berlin where his aunt lives. the family says they miss him. but they were forced to send him after a man who they say might have been the taliban or isil asked him to work with them. >> translator: we sent our son because we had no choice. we didn't send him because we wanted to. >> reporter: his father, a shop keeper, had to borrow nearly $7,000 for the trip. he promise today pay the money back when his son got to germany. but last month the taliban captured the city, the family fled, their home and shop are destroyed. now they say there is no way to pay their debt. she says her son in germany is the family's only hope. >> translator: we want our son to study there, to be accepted there, to work there and to bring us there to join him. there is no other hope. now we are hearing they are deporting people f they deport him, what will happen to us? >> translator: i feel very sad. not only my son, all of these people went there with the hope that his they would be accepted.
they have taken all of this risk, now why are they going to deport them? >> reporter: they say there is nothing left for them in afghanistan. that if they had the money they would leave for germany now, even though they know the risks of journey and have small children. she says she would rather take the chance at giving her children a future, because they won't have one here. thousands of afghans continue to make the dangerous trip to europe. germany's latest warning that afghans might be sent back here isn't likely to change the mind of those determined to leave. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. a saudi blogger has been awarded the european union's prize for human rights and freedom of thought. he was currently serving a 10-year jail sen tension for his writings on freedom of speech. he has received a number of prices since being put in to jail but this is the most high pro rule. charlie angela reports. >> translator: the prize this year will go to the saudi arabian blogger.
i call on the king of saudi arabia to immediately grant mercy on him and to free him so that he can accept the prize. [applause] >> reporter: a standing ovation at the european parliament for the 31-year-old who is online -- whose online writings about free speech were met with a jail sentence and public flogging. he was convicted in 2012 for insulting islam. after he criticized senior religious figures. following death threats his wife and three children fled saudi arabia, now living in canada, they campaign for his release, his wife says she will tell him of his award in their weekly call. >> translator: i am sure he will be happy because such prizes have an effect on his psychological well being and we hope it will have an impact on his legal case. is in a very bad psychological and physical situation.
he's been jailed for three years way from his kids and family he has flog ed in a public place, he has a 10-year prison sentence, a 10-year travel ban. >> reporter: the first of 50 of his lashes were carried out in january. the remaining 950 have been postponed as his wounds were slow to heal. his wife says the slashings could resume immediately. but he suffers from hypertension, and may not survive. there. >> reporter: there some been protests and demonstrations but little criticism from western governments. campaigners say this prize will shine the light on saudi arabia's human rights record and be a blow to its global image. >> though there are people within the saudi regime who recognize this is a very bad move what they are doing to r.a. if. and other political prisoners and it may encourage them to
push for change. >> reporter: the prize is awarded by the european parliament to individuals or organizations for their contribution to the fight for human rights and democracy. but despite pleas from the parliament's president and many others, it's unlikely he will be free to receive it in december. turks go to the poll again on saturday after june's election failed to provide an overall winner. even after five months of bomb attacks and renewed fighting with kurdish separatists election outcome may not be much different. from istanbul, bernard smith explains why. >> reporter: for the second time in five months, turkish politicians are outlooking for votes. but campaigning this time around is more subdued. he is second in command of the secular opposition republican people's party. along with the pro curr dirk h.d.p. both parties have canceled their set piece rallies because of
security fears. >> translator: the climate is not right to stage large scale rallies. every day we don't mo what sort of sad news will be brought to us. these are not ordinary times. can you imagine amassing a big rally when we could have news of deaths? >> reporter: earlier this month, the worst attack in turkish history killed 102 people when two suicide bombers attacked a peace rally in the capital. but the political divisions are so deep in turkey that the political parties couldn't even unite for a period of mourning. it was one of three attacks in a violent five months. 37 people died in bombings at two other public gatherings. and a ceasefire has broken down between the government and p.k.k. kurdish separatists. more than 300 civilians and security personnel have been killed, as well as hundreds of p k k fighters.
>> translator: for the first time in 13 years we see terror insecurity moving up to be the main issue before the elec elecs the economy is important but not as important anymore. >> reporter: despite everything that has happened the latest polls suggest that the result will be broadly similar to june's election, which means a coalition government looks inevitable. there are, perhaps, less than 5% of the voters who are undid he righted. it seems like the politicians are just going through the motions. so turkey looks like an increasingly polarized country. political views are entrenched the only thing turks seem to be able to agree on, is that they have never been more divided. bernard something, al jazeera, istanbul. japanese police have drag ahead way protesters who were trying to stop work on an con then us u.s. air base. residents of okinawa including
elderly men and women were trying to protest. the air base is being expanded to accommodate u.s. marines who will be relocated from another base. south korea's highest court has jailed the head of a ferry operate fore seven years. more than 300 people died, most of them teenagers when the ferry sank last year. judges say he routinely allowed the vessel to be overloaded and failed to prevent the improper storage of cargo. the candidate from tanzania's ruling party has been declared winner of the country's vees shall election, former public works minister was declared president today after the national electoral body dismissed opposition demands for a recounts. many while semi autonomous zanzibar has had its suppress shall vote annulled by officials. various international groups say the poll was credible. catherine soi has this update. >> reporter: celebration for
president elect supporters say that [ inaudible ] celebrating his 56th birthday but his opponents claim that this election was not fair. the opposition coalition has rejected the results, seguin inning electoral commission [ inaudible ] they have from polling indications. the elect to recall commission has denied in they want -- they are saying this election was free and fair. sanger, desperation and anguish these are just some of the themes being explored in a new zimbabwean art exhibition focusing on immigration. >> reporter: ththe this family s come to see an art exhibition called migration. it's about the problems refugees face i'll over world.
before coming to africa on holiday. the children helped their school in the u u.k. collect food and clothes for refugees escaping from syria to europe. >> there is a war in their country and it's difficult for them to live there so they have to go and cross the ocean to his get to other places. >> reporter: 14 artists are showing what migration means to them through art. the parent want these children for know more about the problem. >> it's part of their world, they need to know it's happening and we live in london a global city. there are people from all over the world there. they are at school with children from these nations it's really important that they understand. >> reporter: other pieces on display show the anguish, confusion, chaos and desperation zimbabweans leaving that their country face. some crawl under the border fence to escape poverty. many push to get in to trucks,
ready to smuggle people across borders. >> a lot of people and us why we migrant to other countries when there is no war because we have graduates but there is no employment. the industry is practically dead, yeah. so that's what drives you to go out, because nobody else is that would strong tie with the zimbabwe anymore. not that we don't love it, we love our country, but the situation is just stagnant. >> reporter: this painting called stowaway, shows people hiding. hoping they are not caught by border officials. >> it's depressing. yeah. it's so depressing. people are desperate to that extent. >> reporter: the artists hope they tell their stories well. caroline and john hope their children learn something too. >> i can see it's very interesting. >> reporter: al jazeera.
sourceed from a neighboring farm. malcolm webb reports from the small kenyan town. >> reporter: peter and his family never had electricity before. but the connection cost in kenya recently came down and so he's finally paid to get power. and everyone is excited. >> translator: i am very happy. i have waited for so long. there has been power in this neighborhood since 1985, but before i just couldn't afford it. >> reporter: it's among a steadily growing number of households connecting to electricity the growing demand for energy is being met by various sources. just across town, there is a new one, these cornhusks and probably leafs from a nearby farm are feeding a bio gas power plant. and it's the first in africa to put electricity in to a national grid. farm waste is mixed with water inside this tank and also with bacteria which come from the inside of cow's stomachs because from the local slaughterhouse,
makes quite a smell. next it spends a day inside this tank before being pumped in to the digester. this dome contains the gas that's collected there and then pumped to a power station just over here. meanwhile, the liquid it and the solid waste goes in to this tank where it's turned in to compost and taken back to the farms and used as fertilizer. and the farms use about half of the electricity generated here too. and they a neighboring farm has shares in the power station, the owners say its financial involvement guarantees the fuel sly and they hope that means in six years they can make back the plant's cost of nearly $7 million. >> because of the low tariffs for electricity but in our case because half is for our own consumption and we are also selling energy from heat recovery, this helps the economics. >> reporter: it puts enough power in to the national grid for about 8,000 homes. it's a tiny part of the electricity that kenya uses, and about three-quarters of the
population still can't afford it. there is a long way to go. but they are now among the families that can. and they are delighted. malcolm webb, al jazeera, kenya. time for sport now. here is robin. thank you so much. kansas city royals have gone two games up over the new york mets in the best of seven world series. now, they are chasing their first title in three decades and after a 14-inning marathon in game one, game two was a lot more straightforward. >> getting the start here in game two. >> reporter: less than 19 hours completing the longest opening game in history, the royals and mets were back at kaufman stadium. the fatigue perhaps evident as it took until the fourth inning for lucas duda to get the first run on the board. it would be the last of the mets' scoring for the game. as the royals took charge:
>> rios scores. escobar, it's 3-1. >> reporter: four runs secured in the fifth inning alone. >> in to right cente center! in to score is hosmer. over to third is morales and it's 4-1. >> reporter: but the batters were the warmup act for johnny cueto who stole the show. strikeouts in the sixth and then seventh inning on his way to becoming the first pitcher to throw a complete game in the world series since 1991. giving up just two hits along the way. and with an r.b.i. trial from alcides escobar at the bottom of the eighth. kansas city went seve went 7-1 . >> gordon scores, escobar, they just keep coming. >> reporter: fittingly it was left to cueto to wrap up the game. >> right field.
how about cueto. royals up two games to nothing. >> johnny thrives in this environment. he's comfortable in this park. he loves our fans, he needs off their energy. you know, and i just felt very, very strongly that he would put up a great performance and he did. >> reporter: game three is scheduled for new york on friday. a lease holman, al jazeera. the world anti-doping agency has pledge today increase sanctions to athletes who dope. in a bid to tackle this issue. paul reese has more now from paris. >> reporter: it's been another difficult year for the reputation of sport. in the summers leaked documents from the iaaf. athletics world governing body suggested widespread use of illegal substances at the elite level. mo fair, a britain's double olympic champion had to answer questions about the activities of his coach and the main competitor to usain bolt at the world championships was the convicted drug cheat justin got
got link. >> two days ago 2012 winner was ban today two years kate. the london headquarters of unesco at the conference governments from around the world will show how they are implementing anti-doping regulations such as this year's increase of a ban from two years to four years in an advisory world is the world anti-doping authority. we asked their director general what he would say to people who are simply fatigued by what seems like a never-ending struggle. >> well, i don't think there is a way of getting rid of every rotten' until a barrel. i think you have to accept that in all aspects of our society you are going to get people who take shortcuts. >> reporter: now, some countries such as austria, italy, and france have made doping in sport a criminal offense. here at this conference, is romania's 1996 olympic fencing champion, she says criminalization is not the
answer. >> it's different. it's just, you know, you don't kill someone -- they pay, four years is enough. it's not only there for. >> reporter: with the prevalence of doping in sport it may be too much to hope that the rio 2016 olympics next year are completely clean. but delegates here will at least hope they can minimize the number of cheats on the podium. paul reese, al jazeera, paris. new zealand have named an unchanged team for saturday's wrigley world cup final against australia. twictwickenham. the all blacks are bidding to become the first team to successfully defend the webb ellis trophy. they certainly have the experience in their ranks a combined total of, waits for it, 1,359 caps in the match day squad. the captain richie mccall is one of them he's expected to announce his retirement after the match but they insist hasn't made a decision his future yet. >> it's something that i just really want to play in weekend
and play this tournament and now this weekend the best that i can. and you still do the same things that you do if you are going to play for years on not think this is the last time, last time. and it just hasn't entered my mind this weekend at all. i might know secretive, that i have to have a good reflect on things after this. but i want to do this thing right. >> from rugby let's get you updated on the tennis news. the upset top seed at the wta finals in singapore. with a win in the last round robin match means the romanian has been dumped out of the tournament having lost her first two matches the pol was expected to struggle after winning the first set in the try breaker she completely dominated the second match -- or second set to win the match 7-6, and 6-1. now maria sharapova in the semifinal advancing with an unbeaten record in round robin play after a tough first set she went onto beat her italian
opponent 7-5 and 6-1. a group of demonstrators has forced events to be postponed at the world indigenous games currently taking place in braz brazil. a group of native brazilians i want disrupted the 100-meter dash. they were pr protesting land ris for indigenous people in the country rich. they had no choice but to halt the events. and they are taking part in the games which run until send. the miami heat have made a winning start to the new nba season over the charlotte hornets. winslow marked his miami day view with this one-handed debut and the heat winning. some golfers may never get a hole in one but american scott brown has surge two it nba two months this is the latest one coming from malaysia he holed the par 3 15.
he has three in his career, he won a new sports karas a prize. he's six shots off the pace now. that is your sport. it's back to laura in london. >> robin, thank you very much indeed. country world's dry he have places has burst in to bloom a chilean desert has been transformed after rare august rain as rob mathis reports. >> reporter: a coloreds carpet. the desert has strung to life. the most spectacular growth seen in nearly two decades. >> translator: we have not had such a large flowering in the past 18 years. in 2010 we had a large flowering, but already this year has passed all the previous ones. >> reporter: this life comes from tragedy. torrential storms devastated chile's northern ring none august. because mudslides and rivers were so swollen they burst their banks. 28 people died. but the rains have watered the seeds of more than 200 different exotic plants lying dormant for
years. they, in turn, have attracted birds, insects, lizards, and row did he wants. for some locals like ramon cortez it's an unforgettable experience. >> translator: for us it was a miracle because i had never seen what the grass looks like until now. >> reporter: and it's fascinating tourists. >> so unusual, it's surreal. we have come -- we are having breakfast with the flowers. >> reporter: the flowers will eventually dais the intense dry heat soaks up the remaining groundwater. until then, chile's desert is bursting with life. rob matheson, al jazeera. plenty more for you any time on our website the address for that is aljazeera.com. you can also watch out there by clicking on the watch now icon. that's if for me, lauren taylor for this news hour but we'll have more any minute with another full round of updates. that's it for now, thanks for
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