♪ >> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello, i'm mary ann and this is the news hour live from london and coming up, in the next 60 minutes top diplomates in vein that at talks aimed at ending the civil war in syria. china abolishes its controversial one child policy in a direct response to an aging population. we speak to the afghan refugees who made their desperate journey to europe only faced to being forcibly sent home. and let there be life, purple
flowers that suddenly bloomed in one of the world's driest places. i'm robin adams in doha with the kansas roles with home field to go for the world series. details coming up. ♪ top diplomates are now in vein that to begin talks that could kick start a process that may one day end the war in syria. the official dialog begins on friday amed cautious optimism several sideline meetings have already been held and john kerry met with iran minister and include russians from russia, turkey, france and saudi arabia. syria's government in opposition are not involved. all the ministers meeting in vein thawill need to overcome competing agendas tehran and moscow want syria's president
involved in a transitional government but u.s. and allies wants him to step down, all this as the violence this syria continues. at least 15 people were killed in government shelling at a makeshift hospital in duma outside damascus. the iranian foreign minister said there were no preconditions in the participation in the discussions. >> translator: we emphasized that the solution to syria must be based on the principle that it is acceptable to all parties, with regard to interference with issues and fight against terrorism, respect for the entire government of syria and respect the syrian people to decide their own fate and any plan must include a series of steps for bringing an end to the violence, uniting in the fight of terrorism to create a nationally unified government and finding a solution to having continued talks among the people of syria and the different syrian opposition groups and ready to address these issues in the meeting. al jazeera's mohamed is in vein that and joins us live now,
mohamed you have been monitoring events there all day, what is the feeling about these talks and what they could achieve? >> well, mary ann to hear it from the few diplomates who actually spoke to the press today they would have everyone believe that just the fact that people have gathered here in ve vein -- vienna and cause for celebration and took renewed impetus to make sure they were here and several surprises today and one of them being iran is here early in the day and led to believe as many other the press core here that, in fact, really today we would be taken up mostly by by lateral meetings between the four main participants of these talks, those four being the u.s., saudi arabia, and turkey and russia. but it took several hours and went late in the evening before the saudis and the russians
appeared. we also saw secretary of state john kerry going to have a bilateral meeting with the iranians and saw sergei fedorov, the foreign minister of russia going to have his own bilateral meeting with iranians who came earlier than expected. let's take a listen to the envoy staffan de mistura talking about why it was a big deal why the countries gathered here and what it means and here is more of what he had to say. >> what will happen tomorrow i can't tell you but the very fact this meeting is taking place with all those countries in the same small room to talk about a political prospect for syria is a great signal and coming up, with a concrete idea the u.n. will have a tough job of those happening but that is exactly why we exist. sideline meetings today but the real action starts on friday.
what is the plan for tomorrow? >> tomorrow really is the big day and everybody who spoke to the press today emphasized that. what is expected is that tomorrow these negotiations will begin in earnest that they will take the entire day. it's not clear whether these negotiations will actually end tomorrow. initially it was thought it would only be one day. there have been some indications throughout today that perhaps if things go well they might last into saturday but again that is unclear. there has been a real sense of mystery to these proceedings. as i mentioned some of the surprises today like iran seeming to come a day early like it is taking the saudis much longer to get here today than it was initially thought. this is going to be a real big divide that will have to be bridged tomorrow between the countries that are participating. there are a lot of countries, yes it's significant they will will be will be in the same room and saudi arabia will be
sitting across the table from one another to come up with a political solution to syria and must remember in the run up to these talks the fact of the matter is it has not made any type of change on the ground in syria. we are hearing of more aerial bombardment and more people fleeing the fighting, humanitarian crisis seeming to spiral more out of control by the hours. so tomorrow is really going to be a big test to see if this renewed test for diplomacy will actually yield results, there is as you mentioned a very guarded optimism here but a lot of challenges to overcome tomorrow and possibly the day. >> mohamed following the summit for us in vein -- vienna and casualties mounting the syria and al jazeera has learned 15 people including children and medical staff have been killed after syrian regime forces shelled a makeshift hospital. a further 50 others were injured when the facility crumpled in the attack in duma north of the
capitol damascus. the area has come under intense shelling as they renew their efforts to take over strongholds controlled by opposition fighters. and the uk based observatory for human rights says three were killed after a dozen barrel bombed were dropped on wednesday, this video was posted on the same day by the local activist media group media center which allegedly shows an air strike by a government helicopter and claims a woman and her son were among those killed in the raids. let's get more on the significance of these talks in vienna and we have the political editor of the magazine and wanted to pick up on the stories that we were discussing there. we are seeing continued fighting on the ground in syria regime attacks in just outside of damascus and of course intensification of mril tarry --
military strikes by the u.s. and russia is involved and despite what is happening in vienna are there signs on the ground being conducive to some sort of ceasefire? >> as long as the regime feels threatened, feels under pressure, feels not winning any safe ground they are not going to come to the table. and makes the russian intervention probably negative from our point of view a decisive factor here that someone that he can trust can at least be given to or to hold their hand to the table. >> i guess that is the part of that is you have deepening russian involvement and perhaps gives them more leverage of assad and therefore if the u.s. and russia can reach some sort of border agreement they can
then leverage their influence on their allies which are of course on opposing sides of this conflict. >> well, you see, it's almost like a chess game, instead of two players you have four players here. so the regime, you have various opposition groups backed by various other players and you have the russians and iranians and obviously the west is on the side of the assad regime. but the problem with civil wars is civil wars actually reach some kind of conclusion, if one side defeated the other, if two sides reach something or if some kind of geographical division has to be defined there and none of the conditions exists at the moment and then if the russians actually have their own and ironically the americans who have been sitting on their hands for quite sometime and really
taking decisive action against i.s.i.l. and we started taking decisive action and that problem made them at least each side to the other side. >> yet for the first time in vienna we see the key regional and international players sitting down for the first time given that you don't have any signs of that exhaustion on the ground in syria, what then is the best we can hope for from vienna, the beginning of a process that could lead to a political settlement? >> i think the americans who are actually having their hands off the middle east for a while and president obama's approach was totally no strategy. now the russians coming in and with what they planned and the force of the americans, they at least have a plan. you see the russians are not interested in actually keeping assad and what they are interested in is their interest and part of that is the geographical integrity of syria and it's a tradeoff and we say
okay if we grant you russia in the assad regime and your interests are protected we can make a deal and find a formula for assad to step down on his own. >> thank you very much for sharing your analysis with us. well, there is much more still to come for you on the al jazeera news hour and meet one of the many families hoping to trade the violence of afghanistan for the safety of germany. u.s. house of representatives elects a new speaker but what does that mean for president obama? the finals in singapore has a battle for semi final spots and robin will bring us all the dae details in sports a little bit later. ♪ now fighting has intensified around the southern yemeni city of ties and 45 were killed on
thursday and 8 loyal to hadi were killed and supports hadi and continued air strikes against rebel fighters in the area. israeli forces shot dead to palestinian after attacks in heb ron in the occupied west bank and in both incidents palestinians stabbed the soldiers before open fire and one suffered minor injuries and 66 palestinian and nine israelis died since the violence broke out in the beginning of october. the u.n. has warned violence between israelis and palestinian in the occupied territories could lead to a catastrophe. young palestinians told their own security forces not to interfere with that protests and we report now from near ramallah. >> reporter: almost daily event in the occupied west bank but in this game of cat and mouse between palestinian youths and israeli army the rules have changed. amad is not his real name says
in areas like this under palestinian authority control the security forces are keeping a low profile. >> translator: out of the violence has increased and many people who are killed and kill people and there is no way for security forces to stop us because if they try the first thing people would do is turn their vote against the palestinian authority rather than against israel. >> reporter: in recent years scenes like this palestinian authorities security forces confronting protesters and stopping them from marching to israeli checkpoints angered many people. but in the last few weeks rather than being present in large numbers the men in uniform kept their distance and al jazeera tried to get an official to comment on the tactic but nobody was available. the palestinian security forces are still around, protesters have told us people are still being monitored and sometimes arrested by the pa, it's just that with talk of a new fada they don't want to be seen to be
antagonizing a young generation of activists. but there is another twist in the cycle of protest university students using social media to organize alternative demonstrations where the flags of the palestinian factions are noticeably absent. >> one thing they are missing is political leadership or political party and taking initiative and they are trying to change the whole framework of the struggle against the occupation. >> reporter: nobody knows when or how the latest up surge in violence will end but in the meantime there is so much frustration among these young protesters that by and large they are being left to their own devices. barber with al jazeera, in the occupied west bank. the greek coast guard is still searching for 38 people that went missing from a boat which sank off the island of lesbos in the aegean sea 242 refugees trying to cross to europe from turkey were rescued
overnight, 7 people have been confirmed dead but as john now reports there is little hope that more survivors will be found. >> reporter: for these survivors a life in europe may become reality. but it comes at a high cost. dozens of their fellow passengers may never be found and a further dozen children at the lesbos hospital are not here out of danger. three coast guard vessels and to helicopters were looking for survivors and fishermen joined the search on thursday but anger runs high on the aye land with island with disregard for human life. >> those people who embarcated and 2 1/2 thousand people who came to the island are criminals. they just get money to put those people on boats, to be dead. >> reporter: survivors say the boat capsized when its over crowded upper deck collapsed on
to the people below and the smugglers had already been taken off the boat by another vessel and left to steer by themselves in 60 kilometer an hour winds and people donated clothes and some put refugees up overnight in their homes. the grim post script of this disaster is likely to be more bodies, not more survivors. john with al jazeera in the island of lesbos. struggling to maintain order as thousands of refugee gather on the border with austria and scuffles broke out after a man tried to jump people waiting to cross and authorities tried to limit the number entering austria which is causing tempers to flair. many of the refugees in europe are from syria and some are bangladesh and pakistan and migrants and the new push to send them back to countries of
origin and from the austria-slovania border we report. >> reporter: but the other we found on the road. friendships have been forged on this journey like he and his new family, from afghanistan he is just 16 years old, aged by a conflict which returned to his hometown this month. >> it's awful, awful situation, all the time some people come with a bomb. i don't have a school. i don't have anything. i lost my family. on the way out there from iran and afghanistan. >> reporter: getting asylum may not be straightforward because the eu considers many to be economic migrants and wants to make it easier to send them home. there is a war going on in afghanistan. >> yes. >> reporter: and yet there is an intention to facilitate their return, that doesn't seem to make sense. >> there is at the moment a recognition rate of 40% among
the afghans so of course this was a individun individual queso see in which situations that live and whether they can go back or not go back to see about what is happening in the war situation would be improving. >> reporter: most refugees are from syria but an estimated 25% of those entering austria are from afghanistan. now in many instances i've seen people of different nationalitys come together and noticed some resentment over who is most deserving of asylum. a dentist from damascus asked me why i was interviewing afghans. the eu wants to send back afghans that it considers migrants. >> okay, that is the decision. yeah, because we are in need here, not afghanistan, they have to get back to their country actually. there is no war. >> reporter: he and his friends the idea of reaching safety only
to face being sent home invokes hollow laughter and have given up everything to make this journey and they say there will be no going back. robin walker, al jazeera, on the austr austria-slovania border. afghanistan many families still have their sights on germany, number of afghans seeking asylum in the country declared unacceptable by the german interior minister and as jennifer glasse reports that is not enough to deter those who plan to leave. for a month she didn't know whether her 16-year-old son was dead or alive. in june he left his home in kunduz in northern afghanistan hoping to get to germany, it was a dangerous trip. >> translator: on the sea he almost drowned and told me the boat was sinking and water up to his neck and after difficulties
he reached land. they stayed in greece for a couple of days and then went to serbia, ten days the smuggler locked them in a dark room with only a small hole in the ceiling and said they only fed them once a day. >> reporter: 2 1/2 months ago she reached berlin where his aunt lives. the family says they miss him. but they were forced to send him after a man who they say might have been the taliban or i.s.i.l. asked for him to work with him. >> we sent our son because we had no choice. we didn't send our son because we wanted to. >> reporter: his father a shop keeper had to borrow nearly $7,000 for the trip. he promised to pay the money back when his son got to germany but last month the taliban captured kunduz and the family fled and home and shop are destroyed and say there is no way to pay their debt. and she says her son in germany is the family's only hope. >> translator: we want our son to study and accept and work there and bring us there to join
him. there is no other hope. now we are hearing they are deporting people, if they deport him what will happen to us? >> translator: i feel very sad. not only my son, all these people went there with the hope they would be accepted and taken all this risk and why are they going to deport them there is. >> reporter: they ? >> reporter: there is nothing left in afghanistan and if they had the money they would leave for germany now and even though they know the risks of the germany and to have small children and she says she would rather take a chance of giving her kids a future because they won't have one here. thousands of afghans continue to make the dangerous trip to europe and warning they may be sent back to change the minds of those determined to leave, jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. chinese communist party announced the end of its controversial one child policy with all couples now allowed to have two children and it was introduced 30 years ago to slow
population growth but china is now facing an shrinking workforce and reversing the trend and rob mcbride reports from beijing. >> reporter: announcement at the end of the communist four day gathering of leadership mapping out the next five-year plan. the strategy sets broad economic goals for china's development but the change in the country's one child policy that has been the most eagerly anticipated by many families here. already had been partially relaxed allowing families where at least one parents is from a one-child family themselves to have two children. now that is being extended to all couples. >> the importance of this measure is not so much demographic in terms of encouraging vast new numbers of children to be born but it is the listing of a highly restrictive and at times extremely coersive policy as we have heard. >> reporter: the one child
policy was brought in to work with the population and the cancellation will be popular but a number of couples like sam cho and jo have not decided to have another child because careers and living cost in beijing are the priority. >> my wife and i don't have any plan to have a second child. >> reporter: their seven-year-old son henry though is no doubt he wants a sibling. >> i want a sister. >> reporter: as well as the social and relationship problems associated with a generation of one child families is the longer term demographic imbalance, a growing number of elder by people who need to be supported by an ever shrinking population and a one child policy put in place more than 30 years ago to avoid one population crisis has to be abandon to avoid another in the future. rob mcbride, al jazeera, beijing. amnesty international says
the policy change doesn't go far enough protecting women and we have an international advocacy director at amnesty international in the united states and joins us from washington d.c., thanks very much for speaking to us, could you start by giving me your thoughts on the change in this policy, the impact that it's likely to have on china and of course its people? >> from the human rights prospective it's not going to have much impact on human rights. when they have one child policy, they force women to under go abortion and forced sterilization to enforce the policy who have more than one child. so when you have the second child policy now, two children, anyone who is going to have more than two children is going to have the same policy of intimidation and forced sterilization and also other abuses relating to it like
monitoring who is having the third child and all the rest of it. so human rights piece i don't think it's going to have much difference as we are seeing now with one child policy. >> it doesn't go far enough as you say but many are arguing that even a loosening of this policy that has been in place for more than 30 years is a positive step. >> i will say from the human rights point of view it's going to have the impact is going to be the same for whoever is going to have more than two children. but loosening of this is something we accept, that chinese government feels for whatever reason that this particular policy is not working or needs to be changed and they are moved on to change. so it's a step in the right direction but it's not enough. >> how long do you think it
might take before the policy is completely scrapped in china, do you and tuesday -- you anticipate it will done in stages and a gradual thing? >> it will be a gradual relaxing of rules. definitely not within three, four years it's going to happen. you are not given the choice of second child it's a big relief for a lot of chinese parents so that will loosen up the pressure that chinese government is seizing from their own population. and after a while people i mean there may be some pressures for them to open it up. >> are you saying it will be a release of many chinese couples do you think that it is the mediate impact and effect will be perhaps more psychological, more political because now not having a large family is very much the norm, it's the legacy and something people are used to so even though there is a change
people, many couples are unlikely to want more than one child. >> yeah, that is the reality on the ground. that is a choice. i mean they can decide but what we are concerned is when the government is interfering, in fact,ly lives to determine how many children they have and relate to the abuse connected with that. >> well thank you very much from amnesty international sharing your thoughts, your perspective on this story. we have much more to come for you after a break. we will be looking at the cries of corruption in tanzania and growing louder as they get rid of general election and artists show their typical works in a new exhibition. and in sport we will tell you about the golfer who sunk the second hole in one in two months and robin is standing by for more details on that one.
the al jazeera news hour and recap of the top stories sideline talks are being held in vienna ahead of the diplomatic meeting aimed at resolving the war in syria, the main meeting expecting to take place on friday and china abandoning one child policy after three decades and two palestinians killed in separate incidents in the occupied west bank on thursday. republican paul ryan has been elected as the speaker of the house of republicans and the third high nest the united states and unify democrats and republicans in order to find common ground in pass legislation and in recents years it has proved difficult as kimberly reports. >> the state of wisconsin having received majority of the votes cast is duly elected as speaker of the house. [applause] it was majority republicans in the house who elected the colleague to be the 54 speaker
and paul ryan as the person who can best restore faith in a legislative body that lost it's course. >> in the house we are eager for a fresh start to make us more effective to fulfill our obligation to reflect the will of the people and to reestablish the balance of power. >> reporter: the job ryan takes on is prestigious and different and must lead a divided republican party to also work with democrats, both chambers of congress to pass legislation. >> my hope is that we will get back to regular order and that this fractious minority will offer amendments and if they don't get them, if they lose as i have lost amendments i have offered then that is the way it is. you don't have the majority of votes so you don't win. >> reporter: they are political differences that ryan acknowledges has paralyzed congress. >> let's be frank, the house is broken. we are not solving problems. we are adding to them.
and i am not interested in laying blame. we are not settling scores. >> reporter: ryan says he will achieve that through the vision that got him elected to the u.s. congress 17 years ago when he was just 28. since then he has held several high-profile positions in including a running made in 2012 to republican presidential candidate mitt romney and the former republican congressman says it's going to take more than a shift in house speaker to change congressional discourse. >> the dynamics of politics in american are very polarized right now and republicans are more conservative than they used to be and democrats are more liberal than they used to be and the grass roots are more motivated than they used to be, to enhance that pollinazation. >> reporter: the new speaker is being warmly received by president obama, the white house is hopeful that obama's legislative agenda will make its way to congress when it comes to tax reform and restoring sections of the voting rights
act. but there are other areas where there is less consensus and political agreement specifically when it comes to immigration reform and gun control. kimberly with al jazeera, washington. now more than 22000 war veterans who served in iraq and afghanistan have been dismissed from the u.s. army for misconduct. after suffering from brain injuries and mental health problems. this is according to figures obtained under the freedom of information act by public radio and soldiers have not received retirement and healthcare benefits they would have done with an honorable discharge and joining me now from oklahoma is major ed polito and served in the army and suffered meant m health challenges after service and he is in the folds of honor foundation and thank you very much for agreeing to speak to us about this and first of all what was your initial reaction to this npr investigation bringing
these figures to light? did it come as any surprise to you? >> well, it's not surprising and i know that the military and along with our government and certainly our nation is trying to do the best that it can but we do have some issues that we have to address. we have to find some solutions and we have to make sure that our service members are honored and respected and more importantly given the support that they need to thrive and be successful so we don't end up having the same problems we had with some of our vietnam veterans when they came back home. >> why are they not getting the support they need? >> well, i think at times i think people fall through the cracks and certainly when i got injured on august 17 of 04 a lot of the services were not in place and now we have seen these services being put into place, people are accessing those services but there are still people that certainly don't understand the system or understand the disability aspect of it and certainly the military
feels like some people are rated unfit and some people end up being discharged and don't get the right ratings and certainly incur problems. >> can you describe to us your experience and what happened to you, you suffered from physical wounds but of course there were also psychological affects and problems from your time as a service member, can you tell us about that? >> yeah, and i went through it all. i got hit by a roadside bomb august 17, 04 and go from of course baghdad to germany and in germany go to brook army medical center in san antonio and had two staph infection shunls and received a left leg amputation and the silent wounds of war would take over and end up needing some help and certainly i was suicidal, i had depression, anxiety, hypervigilence, couldn't slight and nightmares and a lot of us
experience from a combat experience but the great thing about it was there were some people there to help me, my family and certainly my faith carried me through and this is where i'm at today advocating for making sure that we leave no one behind on the field of battle so help us god. >> and aside from individuals like yourself who else needs to -- what more can perhaps the army itself do, who else needs to perhaps take the lead in changing the approach that you currently have now to make sure that the lessons from vietnam and other wars the sort of social psychological challenges from being in a combat zone are kind of dealt with when servicemen come home? >> well, that is a great question because i think it takes a whole country to come together and make a difference, to find solutions, to do some training with our responders that are providing these mental health supports and also educate the general public and sometimes
we forget about military families and make sure we take care of them. i work on an initiative called the real warriors campaign and it's about getting the department of defense to be in many groups together private citizens, corporate citizens to make sure the individuals have jobs and have the mental health supports they need and the va system is a system that is going to work and in washington they are talking about it but certainly it's time to act and make sure the va does its part and services are in place and more importantly that no one is left behind. >> thank you very much for sharing your broader thoughts on the story but also telling us a little bit about your own personal experience mayor ed polito from oklahoma, japanese police dragged away protesters trying to start work on a contentious u.s. air base. residents of okinawa including
elderly men and women were staging a sit in to try to block roads leading to the site, the air base is being expanded to accommodate u.s. marines who will be relocated from another base. south korea's highest court has jailed the head of a ferry operator for seven years, more than 300 people died and most of them teenagers when the sea ferry sank last year. judges say kim routinely allowed the vessel to be overloaded and did not store the cargo properly. awarded the prize for human rights and freedom of thought. raif badawi is currently serving a ten year jail sentence for his writings on freedom of speech and received a number of prizes since his incarceration but the sakharov is the most high profile as charlie angelo now reports. >> reporter: the sakharov prize this year will go to the saudi arabia blogger raif badawi.
i call on the king of saudi arabia to immediately grant mercy on mr. raif badawi and to free him so that he can accept the prize. [applause] a standing ovation that the european parliament for the 31-year-old who is online writings about free speech were met with a jail sentence and public flogging and he was convicted in 2012 for insulting islam after he criticized senior religious figures. following death threats his wife and three children fled saudi arabia and living in canada they campaign for his release and his wife and son says she will tell him of his award in their weekly call. >> translator: i'm sure raif badawi will be happy because such prizes have an effect on his psychological well-being and impact on his legal case. >> raif badawi is in a very bad psychological and physical situation and jailed three years
away from his kids and family and flogged in a public place and ten year prison sentence and a ten year travel ban. >> reporter: 50 lashs in january and the remaining 950 have been postponed as his wounds were slow to heal and his wife says they could resume immediately but suffers hypertension and may not survive. >> stop the flogging. >> reporter: protesting outside saudi embassys and little criticism from western governments. campaigners say this prize will shine a light on saudi arabia's human rights record and be a blow to its global image. >> there are people within the saudi arabia regime who recognize in this is a very bad move what they are doing to raif badawi and other political prisoners and hopefully that may encourage them to push for change. >> reporter: the sakharov prize
awarded by the european parliament to individuals or organizations for their contributions to the site for human rights and democracy and despite pleas from the parliament president and many others it's unlikely raif badawi will be free to receive it in person in december. charlie angelo, al jazeera. candidate from tanzania ruling party is declared winner of the presidential election and as president elect supporters celebrate and there are concerns that opposition supporters could potentially take to the streets and the candidate claims the election was not fair and catherine soy has more from salom. >> reporter: the victory was no surprise to supporters and he has been leading since counting began on monday. in the streets of tanzania capitol his supporters dance to a favorite tune. ♪ they say the former minister is
going to change the party and what the country needs. >> translator: i believe he is like a tractor an order in government and it will be better with him as president. >> reporter: the elections are free and fair. and under international observers have said this. >> reporter: he has won the election with 8.8 million votes against his closest opponent edward who had roughly 6 million. the president elect, and say they are not giving them a break. they are celebrating. the election was not real fair. and so earlier members of the main opposition coalition filed a formal complaint to the national election commission. they say there was massive rigging and the results do not tally with some of the figures from polling stations. they also say they are
disappointed with international observers who so far said the election was largely fair. >> i don't think it's a good job. they didn't do anything and come for two days and they say so and so. something should be done this way and this way. >> reporter: this ruling ccm party director of election says the victory is clean. >> and no would could specifically claim a plan to do rigging. yes it's true there are challenges but they are not of magnitude and frequency to change, you know, the outcome. ♪ they all say they don't want trouble. the opposition has a demand and also want justice. right here at this moment the supporters just basque in their victory. catherine soy, al jazeera.
anger, desperation, and anguish, these are just some of the themes being explored in a new zimbobwe artists and from there harry reports. >> reporter: the good family has come to see an art exhibition in zimbabwe called migration about the problems refugees face all over the world, before coming to africa on holiday, the children helped the school in the uk collect food and clothes for refugees escaping syria to europe. >> there is a war in that country and it's difficult for them to live there so they have to go and go across the ocean to get to other places. >> reporter: 40 artists are showing what migration means to them through art. and parents want the children to know more about the problem. >> in their world they need to know it's happening and we live
in london, a global city and people from all over the world there, they are at school with children from these nations, it's really important they understand. >> these are policemen. >> reporter: other pieces on display show anguish and chaos and desperation that the country faces and shows thousands crossing the border into south africa looking for work and some crawl under the border fence to escape poverty and push in trucks to smuggling people across the border. >> people ask us why we made this to other countries because we have graduates and there is no employment, the industry is practically dead, yeah, so that is what drives you to go out because nobody is that strong with the zimbabwe anymore, not that we don't love it. we love our country but the
situation is just stagnant. >> reporter: shows people hiding hoping they are not caught by border officials. >> depressing. yeah. it's so depressing. but people are worried to that exchange. >> reporter: zimbabwe artists hope they tell the stories well and carolyn and john hope their children learn something too. >> i can say it is interesting. >> reporter: harry with al jazeera. more to come after the break including miami's new rookie makes an impact on his mba debut. stay with us. ♪
♪ welcome back, one of the world's driest places has burst into bloom. a chile desert has been transformed after rare august rain as rob mackison reports. >> reporter: a carpet of cover spread over the land and it has sprung to life the most spectacular growth seen in nearly two decades. >> translator: we have not had such large flowering in the past 18 years. in 2010 we had a large flowering but already this year has passed all the previous ones. >> reporter: this life comes from tragedy. torrential storms devastated this place in august because of mud slides and rivers were so swollen they burst their banks and 28 people died and it watered the seeds of 200 exotic
plants lying dormant for years and they in turn have attracted birds, insects, lizards and rodents and for him it's an unfore gettable experience. >> for us it was a miracle because i've never seen what the grass looks like until now. >> reporter: and it's fascinating tour tourists. >> it's unusual and i'm having breakfast with the flowers. >> reporter: the flowers will eventually die as the intense dry heat soaks up the remaining groundwater and until then the desert is bursting with life, rob matheson al jazeera. time now for your sport with robin in doha. >> thank you very much and they recalled scott and that is the only change for saturday's world cup final against new zeeland and all blacks unchanged for the contest and to be the first team
to successfully defend and certainly have experience with a combined total of 1339 caps in the match of the squad and expected to announce his retirement after this match and insist he has not made any decision on his future yet. >> yeah, it's something that i really want to play this weekend and play the tournament and this weekend the best i can and do the same things that you do if you are going to play for years and not think this is the last time, last time and that doesn't enter my mind this week at all. and i will have to have a good reflect on things and i want to do this. >> and upset top seed with the wta finals in singapore and the win of the match means romaine is dumped out of the tournament after losing two and expected to struggle but after winning a first set in a tie break they from theyed the second set to
win 7-6-6-1. and she will be meeting sharapova and advancing with an unbeaten record in the round robin play to beat the opponent 7-0-6-1. the kansas city royals two games up over the new york mets in the best of seven world series and chasing the first title after three decades and after an inning the game two was more straightforward as we report. >> the start here in game two. >> less than 19 hours after completing the longest game in history they are back at the stadium and fatigue is evident and took to the fourth inning for them to get the first run on the board and it would be the last of the mets scoring for the game as the royals took charge.
>> scores and it's 2-1. >> reporter: four runs secured in the fifth inning alone. >> and the score over to third is morales and it's 4-1. >> reporter: but the batters were back for the royals johnny who stole the show. strike outs in the sixth and seventh inning on his way to becoming the first pitcher to flow a complete game in the world series since 1991 giving up just two hits along the way. and with an rbi triple from escabar at the bottom of the eighth, kansas went seven one up. >> jordan scores and they just keep coming. >> reporter: fittingly it was left to him to wrap up the game.
>> two games to nothing. >> johnny thrives off this and loves the energy and the fans and felt strongly he would put up a great performance and he did. >> reporter: game three is scheduled for new york on friday. elise holman, al jazeera. a bit of a demonstration forced events to be postponed at the games taking in palms, brazil. [chanting] native brazilians interrupted the dash and they halted the events and indigenous groups are participating in the games which run to sunday. antidoping will increase sanctions against athletes who dope and convention with the u.n. organization unesco to tackle that issue and we have more now from pass.
>> reporter: it's been another difficult year for the reputation of sport and in the summer leaked documents from the world governing body with widespread use of illegal substances at the elite level and the champion had to answer questions about the activities of his coach and the main competitor to bolt at the world championships was the convicted drug cheat justin and two days ago schmitt the kayaker who won gold at 2012 was ban two years and the latest battleground is here in paris at the headquarters of unesco at a conference here governments from around the world will show how they are implementing antidoping regulations such as the increase this year from two years to four years, in advisory role is at the world antidoping authority and we ask their director general daifld helman what he would say to people who are simply fatigued of what seems like a never ending struggle. >> getting rid of every rot ton
apple in the barrel and you have to accept that in society and you will get people who take shortcuts. >> and austria, italy and france have made doping in sport a criminal offense. here at this conference is romania fencing champion and says criminalization is not the answer. >> it's deeping than just you know you don't kill someone and they say four years it's enough and not to only their four. >> reporter: with the prevalence of doping in sport it may be too much to hope that the rio 2016 olympics next year are completely clean but that would say we will at least hope they can minimize the number of cheats on the podium, paul with al jazeera in paris. the miami heat made a winning start to new nba season in 2013 failed to make the season in the last campaign but
charlotte hornets were beat 13 times at home and winslow with a one handed dunk on the top of the score in the ninth and scored 21 with heat 104-94 victory. golfers may never get a hole in one but scott brown has sunk two in two months and the latest one coming up, the malaysia classic in kuala-kumpur and has three holes in one in his career and new electric sports car as a prize and six shots behind the leader who is scott and sits a pin under. that is it and back to london. >> robin thank you. all right you can find more on everything we are covering, news and sport on our website, the address is al jazeera.com. all the latest comment, analysis and video on demand and that is it for the news hour but i'll be back with a full bulletin of news coming up, in a few moments
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where technology meets humanity... saturday, 6:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. ♪ top diplomates arrive in vienna for high level talks ending the civil war in syria. ♪ ♪ hello i'm maryam nemazee this is al jazeera live from london, also coming up, china abolishes controversial one child policy in a direct response to an aging population. we speak to the afghan refugees who made their desperate journey to europe only to be forcibly sent home. the u.s. house of representatives elects a new speaker but what does that mean for president obama?