as bombs continue to fall in syria documents meet in vienna for the most significant talks yet aimed at ending the conflict hello, this is al jazeera. live from doha. i'm adrian finighan. also ahead. celebrations in tanzania as the winner of the presidential election is announced the opposition rejected the result. china abollishes a decades long one-child policy to counter the
ageing population. no longer a death sentence. we'll tell you what governments in latin america are doing to boost the chance of survival rates the u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon urged foreign ministers meeting in vienna to show flexibility in efforts to bring the war to an end. representatives around 20 countries are in the austrian capital to find a collusion to the war that's in its fifth year. iran has been invited to discuss the future. no one is representing the syrian government and opposition. mohammed jamjoom reports from vienna. >> in vienna, the talks may be about syria. thursday, focus turned to another country. >> we believe that iran is a government and a country that has been a positive force in the region, and you cannot put
continues on iran's presence. no conditions were placed on our attendance, if there had been, we would not have accepted that. >> in the latest round of diplomacy, a seat is taken at the negotiating table for the first time. the importance of his presence was made clearer when secretary of state john kerry walked from his hotel to hold a bit lateral meeting with zarif. while the push to find a political solution is in overdrive, talks in the austrian capital offer a stark juxtaposition to the reality on the ground in syria. >> when we reach a point that military formula is leading nowhere. >> given the russians, which has been a game changer. leading to the acceleration of a political story. it's realising that without a
parallel political, standard, type of governs in syria, we will not be able to end the conflict, and not fight and win against i.s.i.l. >> where bombs continue to drop and displaced sit fence flee. bridging the divide over syria will be more difficult than ever. in the discussions the u.s., saudi arabia and turkey stand behind a syrian opposition. russia and iran continue to support the regime of bashar al-assad. every other attempt to forge the solution has ended in relative failure. raising the stakes at a time when it seems expectations are relatively low. >> i believe it is already a relevant compromise, commitment for all the sides to be here
tonight and the tomorrow, to come together. this is already by relevance a starting point. a week ago it was difficult to anticipate. >> the mood, one of extremely guarded optimism. the fact that arch rival saudi arabia and iran will be sitting across a negotiating table on friday is a baying development. what results that may yield is anyone's guess. >> lawrence korb is a fellow saying most of the parties involved are no longer demanding that bashar al-assad step down. what happened with a week ago, the turks are major players, they would be willing to come to an agreement allowing bashar al-assad to stay in power for six months, what they are
talking about is not going immediately, but gradually phasing out his influence and regime. that's the only which. russians and iranians do not want to look like they'll forgive him for the horrible things he's done. >> syria's war is a main cause of the refugee crisis. not all of the refugees are syrian. some are from afghanistan, bangladesh and pakistan. there's a push to send them to their home countries, they are viewed as economic migrants. robert forester walk rer reports from the austrian-slovenia border friendships have been forged on this journey. like this man and his new family. from afghanistan, he is 16 years old. aged by a conflict which returned to his home town this
month. >> reality was awful. awful situation. i don't have anything. i locraig loston my time. >> -- i lost my way. >> reporter: many afghans are considered economic migrants and wants to make it easier to send them home. >> there's a war in afghanistan, yet there's an intention to facilitate their return. yet it doesn't make sense. >> there's a recognition rate of 40% among the afghans. this would be an individual questioning to see in which situation they live, whether they go back or not go back to see what is happening in the war situation. will it be improving. >> most refugees are from syria.
25% of those are from afghanistan. in many instances i see people from different nationalities coming together. i have noticed resentment over who is deserving of asylum. a dentist from damascus asked why i was interviewing afghans. the e.u. wants to sent back afghans that want asylum. >> they have to go back to their own country, there is no war. >> reporter: he and his friends, the idea of reaching safety only to face being sent home evokes hollow laughter. they have given up everything to make the journey, and say there'll be no going back. >> there has been chaotic scenes at the border. hundreds of asylum seekers are
climbing over barriers, the police could be seen kicking the barriers. members of the austrian army tried to stop the refugees climbing over. israeli forces shot dead two palestinians. in both incidents civilians stabbed israeli soldiers before they opened fire. israeli soldiers fired on palestinian. 66 palestinians and nine israelis died since the beginning of october. >> qatar's foreign minister warned some of the worst violence may be to come. >> often there's 1.5 billion muslims when you talk about pal stig. we have raised the flag before.
we raised earlier a flag saying it's attention that the west ba bandstarted the third intifada. >> do you believe it is. >> if the settlement is there, spreading, we will see one of the worst intifada. >> you'll see the interview in full on the up-front programme on friday at 1930 hours g.m.t. >> one of haiti's leading candidates is alleging fraud in the election. he says that partially burnt ballots with his name on have been discovered in the capital port re prince. official preliminary results are still days away. tanzania's ruling party
candidates have been declared the winner of the country's presidential election. the result is being rejected by the main opposition candidate who says the election commission falsified tallies. catherine wambua-soi reports from the capital dar es salam. >> the victory was no surprise to supporters. he has been leading since counting began on monday. in the streets of the capital, his supporters danced to the party tune. br. they say the former minister for works changes the country. >> i believe he's like a trotter. life would be better. the elections were free and fair. international observers have
said this. >> he has won the election with 8.8 million votes against his closest opponent. who had 6 million. members of the main coalition filed a complaint to the election economics saying there was massive gain and results do not tally with the speakers, and they are disappointed with international observers who say the election was largely fair. >> there's no mandate. they come for two days, and congratulate us. they say this should be done. >> this ruling cc and party director of elections says the victory is clean. >> no one could claim. yes, it is true that there are challenges, but they were not of
magnitude and frequency to change, you know, the out come. >> they say they don't want trouble. the opposition is adamant they want justice. here at this moment. the supporters are backing the victory. just ahead here on al jazeera. we report from pakistan, where the students are too afraid to return to what is left of the school after monday's powerful earthquake. >> a saudi blogger sentence said to 1,000 lashes, 10 years gaol for insulting islam, receives a prestigious human rights award. we'll be right back. back.
hello again from doha, the top stories from al jazeera, foreign ministers from around 20 countries are in vienna to find a solution to the war in syria, at this time the syrian president bashar al-assad's ally iran has been asked to be involved in the diplomacy chaotic scenes at the border. several thousands asylum seekers trying to climb over the barriers pushed over the army. and main opposition rival rejected results as rigged. protests against the kitting
of medical workers in syria. more than 650 medical workers have been killed in attacks. >> reporter: hundreds of doctors, nurses and other health care workers are gathering here in the streets of the united nations to protest attacks on syrian medical facilities, hospital and health care workers are protected under the geneva conventions and international law. bombing a hospital is considered a wore crime. it's been happening consistently throughout the five years of syria's civil war. decisions for human rights. doctors without borders organized the event. so-called-die-in. saying nearly 700 health care workers have been killed in
syria. more than 300 have been attacked and 90% of the attacks, they say, have been committed by government forces. in recent weeks, russian war planes struck the hospitals. >> it's a strategy for the regime that targetting a hospital means a lot for people. people cannot live without the system. people immigrate and see out of the the country. it's like a punishment and strategy to help people go out of their houses. the idea that they can't feel safe knowing that hospitals are protected. honestly, that's a source of comfort to me when i hear bombs overhead in places that i'm working. i think they have our coordinates, surely hospitals are protected sites. while this is focused on syria, there has been other instances of hospitals being attacked in other conflicts, the united
states took responsibility for levelling the facility in afghanistan, that killed 22 people. president obama apologised saying it was a mistake, and in yemen, a hospital was levelled. the united nations blamed the coalition - saudi-led coalition for that attack. so has doctors without borders. the saudis deny any responsibility. >> china is abolishing the one child policy after 30 years. families are allowed to have two children. it's called a proactive response to the country's ageing population. >> the announcement came at the end of the communist parties 4-day gathering mapping out the next five year plan. the strategy sets the broad economic goals for the development. it's the change in the one-child policy that has been eagerly
anticipated by many families here. it had already been partially relaxed, allowing families where one parent is from a one-child family, to have two children. now that has been extended to all couples. the importance of the measure is not so much demographic in terms of encouraging numbers of children to be born, but it is the lifting of a highly restricted and at times coercive policy as we have heard. the one-child policy was brought in to control a burningening population. a number of couples like sam. have not decided to have another child. for them, careers and living costs in beijing are the priority. >> my wife and i don't have any plan to - for the second child. the 7-year-old son henry is in no doubt. he wants a sibling.
>> i want a sister. >> as well as the social and relationship problems associated with a generation of one-child families is a demographic imbalance. there's a number of people that need to be supported by an ever shrinking population, a policy put in place 30 years ago to avoid a population crisis has to be abandoned to avoid another in the future the united nations has accused north korea of spending citizens abroad to workers, slave labourers, the report by the special referencer found the government is earning more than 2 billion from the trade. more than 50,000 north korean workers have been employed in mining, logging and construction. pakistan's government says that thousands of homes were damaged in the earthquake than thought.
the 7.5 quake killed 272 people in pakistan. 800 schools were destroyed. scott heidler reports from s.w.a.t. valley, where rebuilding efforts are under way. >> these kurds remember when their school shook violently, they are nervous about the possibility of after shocks. >> our school was badly damaged. all the students are afraid to go to their classes. teachers have not come back. they are sitting on the lawn waiting for directions. because of the extensive damage to the building, it is no longer safe to be inside. classes are now held out doors in the open. no one is ready to risk their lives, the infrastructure is cracked.
we are worried about our studies and we must do something. it will be difficult for many of the students to continue with their studies. the principle says she's not giving up yet. >> this is - this will be very difficult to manage, but i hope that i will use my resources? >> many buildings in poor neighbour hoots do not stand a chance against the 7.5 magnitude earthquake. it hit north pakistan. including here in pakistan. the schools were attacked by the pakistani taliban in the past. host of them were rebuilt with foreign hands. the rent earthquake traumatized many. >> it was a traumatic situation for students. the building was damaged and we
suspended the classes for the time being. many of the students are worried about the future. after the deadly earthquake, hundreds of institutions in the province are badly damaged. and, therefore, students are unable to go inside these classrooms. with winter fast approaching, the change for the government will be to ensure that tens of thousands of students don't lose more valuable time saudi blogger has been awarded the european union's prize for human rights. he is in a gaol sentenced to 10 years and 1,000 lashes for insulting islam on the website. >> "charlie hebdo" reports. -- charlie reports. >> the prize goes to a saudi
blogger. >> translation: i call on the king of saudi arabia to grant mercy on mr dowry and free him so he can accept the prize. >> a standing ovation at the european parliament for the 31-year-old whose online writings about free speech was met with a gaol sentence. >> he was convicted in 2012 for insulting islam. following death threats, his wife and children fled saudi arabia. living in canada, they campaigned for his relief. his wife telling of his award. >> i am sure they'll be happy. such prizes have an effect on the psychological wellbeing, we hope it has an impact on the case. >> life is in a bad situation. he has been gaoled for three years away from kids and
family, and has been flogged in a public place, he has a 10-year prison sentence and travel band. the first of 50 lashes were carried out in january. the remaining 950 are postponed as wounds were slow to heel. >> his wife said the lashings could resume. but he suffers from hypertension. there has been protests outside saudi arabia embassies, lit the criticisms from western governments. the prize shines the lights on saudi arabia's human rights record and be a blow to the global image. >> there are people within the regime who recognise that this is a bad move what they are doing to raif, walid and other political prisoners and may encourage them to push for change. >> the sackar ov prize is
awarded to individuals or organizations for contributions to the site for human rights or democracy. despite pleas from the parliament. it's unlikely he'll be free to receive it in person, in december. deutsche bank is to cut 15,000 jobs. they have announced a third quarter loss of 6 billion euros, and will cut nine full-time positions and 6,000 contractor roles. 4,000 will be from germany. cancer is, of course, one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and the number of cases in latin america is twice that of more developed nations. a new report shows while cancer care needs urgent intention it needs to be improved. the oncology committee says the portion covered by health insurance has gone up from 46%
to 60% in the last two years. latin american countries, brazil and argentina are addressing the shortage of cancer special lifts, and a number of countries devised cancer plans. including ecuador, peru, el salvador and peurto rico. >> columbia has expanded its programme to cover all types of cancer. >> reporter: this person has stomach cancer and has been doing chemo for 15 months. she has subsidised health insurance. it covers the cost of treatment, but leaves her waiting for weeks before medicine is authorised. >> because of a delay it developed an infection. i don't understand why this happens, if it is part of the national health plan. the cancer doesn't wait. >> cancer mortality rates are almost double the rates of
european countries at the united states. it has improved in recent years. the government has devised a plan and instituted a package for the entire population. today 96% of people have insurance, and it covers aum types of cancer. the challenge today is to ensure quality care. this doctor works at the cancer institute providing affordable health care for low income patients. >> the way the system is regulated doesn't ensure comprehensive care. the law requires medical attention, but not the quality, it is not measured. >> that is particularly true for those that live in remote regions, whose diseases are
rarely detected. where we come from, there are no specialists, and none of the doctors detected by daughter's breast cancer. we travelled all the way and now the tumour is too advanced to brait. the government says they are taking steps to cure patients sooner. >> today almost 60 days passed between the first suspicion that something is wrong, and the care. the challenge is to reduce that time and have the system operate as a network. who does the diagnosis has to be better connected. which is critical to improve survival. >> with the ageing of the population, the numbers of cases are expected to rise, more needs to be done, and soon, to increase the fods of survival for those part of a world where cancer is a death sentence.
mainly. the u.s. space agencies released more pictures. the images were taken from the new horizon spacecrafts. it shows layers of pluto's atmosphere and the mountains. it is the first spacecraft to visit pluto. pluto. on "america tonight" - stopping syria's downward spiral. is the u.s.-led effort working. >> in fact, it hasn't turned the war around it's simply stabilized the situation more or less for the moment. >> for the love of the game he gave aum. did he sacrifices his life. >> he would say mum, something is wrong with me, my brain is not working life.