international talks are completed on the crisis in syria, as the u.s. announces it is sending special forces to assist the anti-government rebels. meanwhile over a hundred people are killed in attacks in duma and aleppo inside syria. ♪ hello, you are watching al jazeera, live from london. all thes coming up. boat tragedy off of the coast of greece. at least 30 refugees drowned, including 11 children. back on british soil.
the guantanamo detainee freed after being held for 13 years without charge. and zimbabwe looks to the sun to solve its energy crisis, but can people afford a solar solution? ♪ hiser to irk talks on the crisis in syria have finished with world powers backing rivsi. for the first time iran a key ally of president bashar al-assad was involved in the diplomacy. sitting down with its regional ryal saudi arabia. at the close of the meeting, u.s. secretary of state john kerry outlined what the participants had agreed. >> the participants agreed today that syria's unity, independence, territorial integrity, and secular character
are fundamental. we agreed that syria's state institutions will remain intact. we agreed that the rights of all syrians, regardless of ethnicity or religious denomination must be protected. we agreed that it is imperative to accelerate all diplomatic efforts to end the war. we agreed that humanitarian access must be assured throughout the territory of syria, and the participants will increase support for internally displaced persons, refugees and their host countries. we agreed that daesh and other terrorist groups as designated by the u.n. security council and as agreed by the participants, must be defeated. >> well after russian air strikes in syria that have targeted opposition strong holds as well as those of isil, russia's foreign minister sought to reassure the international
community that his country wasn't entering the conflict on assad's side. >> translator: russia is committed to fighting terrorism on the basis of international law, whether we're talking about military is interventions in the air or on the ground both need to be conducted with the agreement of the government of the u.n. security council. >> mohammed jamjoom joins us live now. there were so many obstacles at the start of this summit, and even if those are still there, there seems to be a willingness to at least continue these negotiations to eventually find some sort of settlement, or be on the road to one. >> reporter: oh, that's absolutely right. that's one of the things that really set the tone apart this evening from what we have been hearing the last two days. these have been two very long, extremely arduous days for these
people here. they both emphasized repeatedly that they had agreed to disagree; that there would be more disagreements to come, they were sure of that, but that they along with the iranians and the saudis and all of the other participants in these talks were committed to try to make sure they could go ahead and try to find some sort of political solution for the syrian crisis. even though there is this renewed sense of very guarded optimism when it comes to these talks and the fact that they announced in two weeks there would be another round of talks we don't yet know whether members of the opposition or the regime of bashar al-assad will be present in the later rounds of these talks. in two week's we're told there will be another round of talks, but it's unclear who will participate.
and even though people believe there is a renewed impetus, to renew a settlement, there is still tension on the ground. a report that at least 40 people skilled in a syrian missile strike on a crowded marketplace. this shows how difficult these talks remain, and now ten house this issue is. it seems that the iranians coming here has made a difference as far as the tenor of the talks, but no difference on the ground in syria right now. >> mohammed jamjoom thanks very much. as he was saying inside syria no letup in the attacks. government troops fired missiles into a crowded marketplace. it was in duma which is often
targeted by government forces. in august 1, '17 people were killed in the town causing a global outcry. . in aleppo at least 65 people have been killed by government air strikes there. six houses were completely destroyed in just one attack show one. the u.s. has announced it will send up to 50 special forces to northern syria to help in the fiekt -- fight against the islamic state of iraq and the levant. the white house press secretary said this small operations force shouldn't be underestimated. >> the president does expect that they can have an impact in intensifying our strategy for building the capacity of local force inside of syria to taking the fight on the ground to isil in their own country.
that has been the core element of the military component of our strategy from the beginning. building the capacity of local forces on the round. >> rosiland jordan joins us lye now from the u.s. capitol. how significant is the timing of this announcement while the talks were taking place in vienna. >> well, if you were to listen to john kerry who talked about the president's decision to deploy upwards of 50 special forces inside syria to work alongside the syrian opposition, this would be a good idea, but it may be up to the historians to judge whether or not the presence of these special forces operators working along with members of the syrian opposition to go after isil is going to be in any way a leverage point as it were in trying to come to a political resolution to the overall crisis inside syria. the administration is also
suggesting that doing so is going to make it easier for members of the syrian opposition as well as other groups that have been fighting against isil inside syria to be that much more effective. let's not forget just in the past couple of weeks, the obama administration basically decided that trying to raise an organic syrian army against isil just was not working out. they at one point had only four or five actually trained persons who were committed to going after isil, so this is in keeping with their new strategy, which is to provide support to the people who are already inside syria doing the hard work of fighting. >> rosiland jordan in washington, d.c. thank you. ♪ another two boats carrying
refugees from turkey to greece have sank. at least 30 people including 11 children drowned in the sea. more than 100 people were rescued, but mr. refugees continue to risk their lives to escape conflict in their home countries. >> reporter: they barely made it with the vessel chronically overloaded, this boat was lucky to reach the island many on board swam the final few meters, but out in the aegean people are dying every day. a surge in arrivals has overwhelmed authorities. on less >> when you entered into this type of criminal business, there is no, i think respect for human
lives, and i think for the smugglers, all of this is like dealing with cargo shipments, probably. >> reporter: the surge means more loss of life at sea, but also pressure on camps as people await registration. still waiting for his travel documents is this afghan. he paid the price of working as an interpreter for u.s.-coalition forces by being hunted down by the resurgent taliban. >> the taliban came. they shoot bullets in front of my home. they put a letter on my dad. my dad saz because of you, i told you don't work with these guys. and you worked with these guys, and because of you my family's life is in risk. take the money and get out of afghanistan. don't come back in my home. >> he has waited for two years for an american visa. he can wait no more. this camp build for 1500 is
overrun by more than twice that many. they now spill over barbed wire fences into the surrounding olive groves. there's no running water, nothing to eat, and nowhere to sit down. only children manage to escape briefly from the daily realities. this is greece's first e.u. hot spot where new arrivals are screened. there is room for about 10,000 people in camps like these across the country, but greece has been forced to raise that capacity to 50,000, most of it in government-built temporary shelters, the remainder in private housing. greece says that europe needs to do more. >> translator: i feel shame, shame both for the inability of yup to deal effectively with this human crisis, but also for the quality of the debate. >> reporter: greece now has to build its new capacity.
john psaropoulos, lesvos. the situation isn't improving for refugees heading further into europe either. there have been more chaosic scenes on the boarder between slovenia and austria. thousands of asylum seekers have been trying to climb over barriers. more to come for you on al jazeera. chinese parents now allowed to have more children, but do they want to? a mixed reaction to the end of the one-child policy. and why politicians from across the planet have again failed to agree to protect the great wilderness of antarctica.
♪ welcome back. an update of your top stories. there has been an agreement in vienna that the u.n. should start a new diplomatic process aimed at ending syria's war. this as the u.s. announces it will send around 50 special forces to northern syria to advise opposition forces in their fight against isil. more than 60 people have been killed and another 10 injured after a syrian government attack on a busy market northeast of the capitol. 50 people have been killed during two days of fighting
around the southern yemeni city of ta'izz. civilians are increasingly being killed in the cross fire. senior houthi leaders say efforts to find a mrit call solution have failed. aern waing that some viewers my find the images in this report disturbing. >> reporter: this is one of the latest casualties in yemen's war of attrition. she is 7 years old and doesn't understand why grown ups are killing each other in her hometown of ta'izz >> translator: i was playing on the street. it was shot in the leg with a bullet. >> reporter: it's a tough job for mothers to explain to children what are snipers and why they shoot at anything that moves. >> translator: my sister and her son were both shot by snipers. she was hit in her stomach and the child in his leg. today my daughter was also shot
as she was playing outside. >> reporter: people in ta'izz say hundreds have died in weeks of intense fighting. they say they have gained ground, but the houthis have deployed snipers on hills overlooking areas they control. >> translator: they have tanks, artillery, and heavy weapons, while we are just armed with our conviction that we will prevail. >> reporter: but no signs of a let up in the fighting. diplomatic attempts also seem to be falling apart. a houthi leader says efforts to reach a peaceful solution have failed. that has cast doubt on the houthi agreement to a seven-point peace plan. the lead of the houthi's political committee is criticizing the u.n. envoy.
back in ta'izz snipers kill again. women and children are vulnerable in any conflict. in yemen too, they are paying the highest price. a palestinian held authority says an 8 month old baby has died from tear gas inhalation. and one palestinian was shot dead which israeli forces and another in critical condition after they allegedly tried to stab a policeman. 69 palestinians and 9 israelis have now dieds since the beginning of october. meanwhile israeli police have shot a palestinian accused of stabbing a student in jerusalem. stephanie decker has more. >> reporter: this is the first incident in two weeks in jerusalem where we have had according to the israeli police, they say a 23 year old from occupied east jerusalem area,
that is behind the separation wall, technically still jerusalem's complicated area, and incredibly difficult conditions, but they say he stabbed a student. that student is in moderate condition. this happened on the scene line which separates east from west jerusalem. and we had one of our al jazeera colleagues on the ground. he saw the latter half of what happened. he didn't see an attempted stabbing, but he saw a young man lying on the ground and was then shot seven or eight times. incredibly tense situation still. a lot of these incidents have been happening in the occupied west bank. this is the first time we have had an incident of this nature in the last two weeks. pictures from our sister channel show more violent clashes between israeli authorities and palestinians. in the ramallah district,
palestinian medic are treated after being pepper sprayed. at that same check point, these images show the moment an israeli security vehicle ran into a palestinian protestor. israeli forces then attack a medical team and a cameraman. now the last british resident to be held in guantanamo bay has been freed. he had been held there for 13 years, and during the last eight years cleared for release twice. >> reporter: after more than 5,000 days inside guantanamo bay, this man was finally back on british soil, flown to a civilian airport on the edge of london. a moment his family, friends, and supporters had been hoping for many years. in a statement he said:
>> he will have a mix of euphoria, because he was never sure this was going to happen. and at the same time there is this crashing back down to earth where he has to figure out all of the things that are wrong with him physically, and then start rebuilding his relationship with the family, where he hasn't seen his wife for 14 years, and he hasn't seen his kids since they were very small. >> reporter: he was detained in afghanistan in 2001 while working for a charity. in 2002 he was transferred to guantanamo bay. by 2007 the bush administration
had cleared him for release. yet he was still in custody in 2009 when the obama administration also cleared him for release. he went on hunger strike several times. one of the many prisoners to protest in this way. campaigners say he was held in appalling conditions sometimes in solitary confinement and alleged he was beaten. his release comes after years of relentless campaigning by his family and his supporters. he now has to try to rebuild his life. >> reporter: there are still worries about the former detainee's health, and questions remain too about how, and why it took so long for him to be released. emma hayward, al jazeera. the candidate for a party in the up coming myanmar election has been attacked with machetes.
he is in hospital with severe head injuries and deep cuts to his hands. he was attacked by four men during a rally on thursday. voters in myanmar head to the polls in just over a week. people in china have welcomed an end to the one-child policy. families are now allowed to have two children without facing fines. the government is calling it a proactive response to the country's aging population. rob mcbride reports from beijing. >> reporter: with an increasing burden of an aging poll lags, abandoning the one-child policy is a cause for celebration for many. but it will be a long time before the change works through to produce a bigger working population to support the elderly. and far from certain that all couples will take the opportunity of having a second
child. >> translator: i don't know if it will make a enough of a difference, because the intention of women having children is very light. china has 20% of the world's population, but we account for only 10% of the world's newborn children. >> reporter: on the streets a mixed reaction from a generation that has grown up knowing only one policy. >> translator: the one-child policy was good when we had too many people. but now we have money. there's no need for such a strict limit. >> translator: i have no time for my children, so i'm not planning on having another. >> translator: it's a good thing. we have serious aging problem and need new blood. >> reporter: and one of the parks, a typical scene babies as likely to be looked after by their grandparents while narnths are at work supporting them both. many couples from one-child families base a double burden, looking after four aging parents while at the same time bringing
up two children. this will be the generation bearing the strain of china's demographic imbalance. russia has failed to agree on creating the world's largest ocean sanctuary in antarctica. china gave its support for a revised international plan. but there is some optimism. >> reporter: it is the least-touched continent on earth, millions of square mill only ters of sea, ice and life. penguins, other birds and fish thatly nowhere else. antarctica's ecosystems are valuable within themselves, but they are also essential laboratories for measuring the effect of climate change. >> given all of these impacts, it's important that we're able to establish what is happening through climate change and what
is happening through tourism, shipping, or fishing. so by having these areas protected you'll get a good scientific control. >> reporter: for the past five years delegates from 24 countries, plus the european union have been negotiating to establish marine-protected areas. agreement means consensus, in previous years russia and china vetoes proposals. they want to reserve the right to fish freely and weren't fully persuaded about the science behind the proposals. >> every year it is open for fishing and other activities that could degrade the ecosystem. so it's really important to protect them as soon as possible. >> delegates again this week failed to reach consensuconsens.
but most delegates are leaving more optimistic than in previous years. they say substantial progress has been made. importantly, for the first time, china says it now supports one of the proproposed protected areas. russia, though, remains oppoen posed. >> they are not ready to proceed with this protected area yet, but they have indicated they are willing to talk with us, and we'll take them up on that offer, and hopefully be able to convince them. >> reporter: so there's growing hope it's coming, but for now antarctica still lacks the protection it needs. electricity shortages in zimbabwe have government leaders looking to the sun. street lamps are being replaced by solar ones. and water will be heated by the sun's rays in homes. >> reporter: continuous
electricity shortages in zimbabwe haven't stopped simon from works. this keeps him in business. >> it helps me from morning to evening run my business. >> reporter: zimbabwe currently produces about 1,000 megawatts of electricity a day. less than half of what is needed. to try to plug the gap, government leaders are telling zimbabweans they have to buy solar-power heaters. >> people have been laid off jobs, and the cash is not available. >> reporter: a water heater costs about $400 after installation, the average life span is about three years before some maintenance is needed. >> we are likely to be serving 300 or more mega watts or more of electricity. so if we go solar that means we'll be saving 60% of what we
pay for the energy. >> reporter: poor families are being told they will be able to buy imported hearts at a government subsidized priesz which will be announced soon. >> we are working with both india and china, but also with country outside of those regions. we are working also with european countries, in particular germany, because they have good technology in the solar sector. but we are working with all countries, and would welcome any investments into those -- into the energy sector. >> reporter: this current energy crisis is partly being caused by low water levels in the dams, and aging thermal power stations. regular power cuts means streetlights don't always work, so they are being replaced by these solar ones. it's estimated around 80 million of zimbabwe's 13 million people don't have access to
electricity. using more solar energy could change that. government officials are hoping the energy crisis will be solved within the next three years. haru matasa, al jazeera. more to be found on everything we're covering in this bulletin and much more on our website. there is the address. aljazeera.com.