coast of greece. back on british soil. guantanamo held without charge. >> we have more on saturday's clash coming up. >> historic talks in vienna. allies and opponents of bashar al-assad agree the u.n. should start a new diplomatic process to try to stop the war in syria. the meeting in vienna saw iran the keyal lay o key, ally of
syria, sitting down with russia and the united states. they say state institutions will stay intact. the rights of all syrians must be protected, and they say that the political process will be syrian led and syrian own and it's the people who will decide the future of the country. >> we know it is urgent to get to the table and begin the process of real negotiations so we're employing a two-prong approach, speaking for the united states, we're intensif intensifying the daesh campaign. we believe.
>> russia's foreign minister made sure that they are not entering on bashar al-assad aside. >> whether we're talking about enter essentiaintervention in the air or on the ground. >> we're joined live now. the divisions still remain between these broad coalitions this is a sign of progress. >> one of the things highlighted was that there were talks around
the negotiating table. there was a commitment, and they will continue to agree to disagree and they hope by continuing talks and including the iranians and the saudis and other saudis, they would have some common grounds. some has been forged now, but there are still obstacles to come. it is still unclear whether they are members of the syrian opposition or regime will be invited in those talks as well. >> speaking of common ground or lack of it, significantly you had iran and saudi arabia.
>> there was so much made about the fact that the saudis and the iranians were in the same room together across the table from one another. they commented on that, on how that may have helped or hindered the efforts to try to push for a peace solution of the syrian conflict. when i spoke with the saudi delegation, basically all they said was we'll see. it was once more just a sense of very guarded optimism, very ku curt reply to what they suspect might happen in the years to come. as you mentioned a few moments ago, earlier on friday, a
horrific attacks reported in douma. even though these are tribals who have taken different steps are now talking now, they're taking steps. >> the violence continues. the 140 people have been killed in the past 24 hours. government jets killed 61 people and injured more people. meanwhile in the city of aleppo. 65 people there have been killed by government airstrikes. six house were completely
destroyed. well, the united states has announced it will send up to 50 special forces to help in the fight against the islamic state in iraq and the levant this would be the first time that u.s. troops worked openly against syria. the u.s. press secretary said tha. >> they can have an impact of local forces inside syria and take the fight on the ground to isil in their own country. that has been the core element of our strategy from the beginning. >> roslind jordan is live for us now. tell us about the timing of this announcement as u.s. secretary state was in vienna for syrian
peace talks. >> well, it's a bit coincident coincidental, but the obama administration is saying that to have these operatives go to syria will help to put more pressure on all the parties and find are a political solution. they're suggesting when you bring in some sort of military action or put military resources in, it puts pressure on everyone to push that much pardoner for the non-military option. >> how much of a shift in strategy is this for the white house in its fight against isil? >> it is a shift. let's be honest about this.
this is something that was said they were not going to put troops on the ground inside syria as part of it's over all campaign against isil has basically changed course. even though the military is stressing that these are operatives are not going to be deploying with the groups, the syrian opposition, there is a risk because they're physically in country. but the military is stress to go reporters on friday that this is purely to help assess what the capacity is of these different groups who are fighting against isil, and to try to give them the best sort of advice and what sorts of equipment and materials they should be getting. basically a lot of analysis, a lot of adviser, but not actually doing the work along side the
syrian opposition. >> roslind jordan, thank you for joining that for us in washington, d.c. now another two boats carrying refugees from turkey to greece has sunk. 30 people have drowned in the sea. 1 people were rescued from the water, but many risk their lives to escape conflict in their home countries. we have this report from lesbos. >> they barely made it, this pleasure boat was lucky to reach lesbos. the surge of i--of arrivals over th has overwhelmed the country.
>> when you go into this criminal business and yous are respect for human life. for the smugglers this is like dealing with cargo shipment, probably. >> the surge means more loss of life at sea and more people at camps waiting for registration. still waiting for his travel documents is this afghanista afghani who served as an interpreter for u.s. forces and has been hunted down. >> they shoot bullets in front of my door posting a letter on my door. take the money and get out of afghanistan. don't come back in my home.
>> faisel has waited for two years for an american visa. he can wait no more and is asking for protection in europe. this camp built for 1500 is overrun by more than twice that many. they now spill over barbed wire fences. there is no water, nothing to eat, nowhere to sit down. only children escape briefly from these daily realities. this is greece's first new e.u. hot spot where new arrivals are screened. greece has now been forced to raise the capacity to 50,000, most of it in government-built temporary shelters. the remainder in private housing. greece said that europe needs to do more.
>> greece has more arrivals before the winter passes. >> more refugees have been heading into europe. austrian police said 7,000 people are at the border area after slovenia brought refugees by train. thousands of asylum seekers have been climbing the barriers as police keep people away from the area. much more still to come for you on the news hour. we'll bring you the latest on the war in yemen where children are targeted for snipers' bullets. chinese parents no now allowed to have more children, but do they want to? and in sport, ending the hostage
taking, the bizarre combination to a top level football match in turkey. >> now the last british detainee to be held in guantanamo bay has been freed. he has been held there for 13 years and for the last eight years he has been released twice. >> after more than 5,000 days inside guantanamo bay, he was finally back on british soil. flown to a civilian airport. a moment that his family and friends and supporters have been hoping for for many years. in a statement he said:
>> suring the release took 13 years. all calling for the saudi-born father of four to be released. the british government pressed to release him, too. >> he was never sure this was going to happen. at the i assum the same time he has to figure out and rebuilding his relationship with his family. he has not seen his wife in 13 years. he has not seen his kids since they were very small. imagine going through that. >> he was held without charge.
he was detained in afghanistan in 2001 while working for a charity. in 2002 he was transferred to guantanamo bay. by 2007 the british administration cleared him for release. yet he was still in custody in 2009 when the obama administration also gave him release. he went on hunger strikes several times. one of the many prisoners to protest in this way. campaigners say that he was held in appalling conditions. sometimes in solitary confinement and alleged he was beaten. his release comes after years of relentless campaigning by his family and his supporters. he now has to try to rebuild his life. how that is even possible after 13 years in guantanamo bay. there are serious concerns about the former detainee's health.
there are questions about why and how it took so long for him to be released. >> let's get more on this story now joining us live from new york is his lawyer, ramsey carson, also an associate press of law at the university of new york. thank you for agreeing to speak to us. what more can you tell us about his reaction upon hearing of his release? >> i was at guantanamo a month ago. we had heard that he was going to be released and president obama had called prime minister cameron to inform him. i walked in the next morning, and saw him seated there the way he always is for a meeting. shackled to the ground. i said i have good news for him. i told him what happened.
i said after this 30-day waiting period the path would be clear for his return to the united kingdom. he stared at me blankly and started telling me about his shoes and how they had to replace the shoes and showed mow how the shoes are falling apart. which is normal. butty to interrupt him. listen very carefully. i repeated the news did it sink in. he asked if i was serious. i said yes, and he had a huge smile. >> we know he went on hunger strikes several times. what more can you tell us? do you know of his general physical and psychological condition? >> well, i can tell you that the hunger strikes were a way for him to upheld his sown dignity and humanity.
to be held without charge and to go through torture. it was a way for him to assert his own being. after the ordeal was unsurprisingly not perfect. he suffers from a number of physical ailments and a number of psychological ailments. we know this because he had to fight hard in u.s. court litigate to get a medical expert in to guantanamo. she wrote a report that we made public with his condition the ailments that he suffers from after a result of his captivity. >> what will happen now. he has landed in the u.k. the u.k. felt he had been very vague in terms of measures they will take to guarantee public safety. do we know much about what sort
of relationship he will have with police, with law enforcement, and what he might divulge from his experience at guantanamo. >> he wants to be back with his family. he wants to integrate back to family life as a husband and a father. however, as a lawyer he was not charged or convicted of anything. >> i think he'll pic take the time to heal as an individual and gradually integrate a into
his family and society. will are those who persistently rallied on his behalf. he has a sense of gratitude for those who stood with him. he'll take the time to heal first and then we'll hear more from him hopefully. >> thank you very much for giving your insights. >> thank you. >> an eight-month-old baby has died of tear gas inhalation. palestinians have been clashing with israeli forces. one palestinian was struck dead by israel forces. another is in criminal condition after they allegedly tried to stab pleasant at a checkpoint in occupied west bank. 69 palestinians and 9 israelis
have now died since the beginning of october. meanwhile israeli police have shot a palestinian accused of stabbing a student in jerusalem. stephanie dekker has more. >> this is the first incident in two weeks in jerusalem where we've had, according to israeli police, a 23-year-old from the occupied jerusalem area that is behind the separation wall in the occupied west bank but technically still jerusalem, a complicated area and one where people will tell through are incredible difficult conditions. this happened on the scene line that separates occupied west jerusalem. we had one of our colleagues on the ground. he saw the latter half of what happened. he didn't see the attempted stabbing, but he saw a young man lying on the ground, and he was then shot seven or eight times. so incredibly tense situation
still. a lot of these incidents have been happening in the occupied west bank. the latest wave started here in jerusalem and moved to the west bank. this is the first time we've had an police department of this nature in the last two weeks. >> - >> an israeli attack using pepper spray. he was sprayed as they tried to rescue a youth from the checkpoint. these images show the moments and israeli vehicle lan into a palestinian protester. >> meanwhile, urging the international criminal court to speed up its probe in the
alleged israeli war crimes. they would hand over a file alleging that israel has carried out killings and collective punishment. they said it's very important to speed up the process. >> i believe that it's good that israel will involve itself ran itself cooperate fully in the investigation. otherwise, then everybody will come to the conclusion that israel is hiding it's own crimes, and it is really protecting criminals. >> the violence continues in the occupied west bank. palestinians are accusing israeli troops of shooting civilians that pose no threat. we have reports from hebron.
>> they're struggling to accept what happened to their sister. the father of the 17-year-old from hebron tells us she was shot dead by the israeli soldiers after passing through two check points. >> they say they had a knife. if she had had a metal screw the machines would have picked it up. they began to yell where is your knife? she yelled, i don't have a knife. then they shot her. >> she's one of several cases it's investigated in which palestinians were deliberately shot dead when they posed no imminent threats. in some cases the person shot was left pleading to death on the ground, into violation of the humanitarian law. such conditions exist where
israeli settlers live in the city. >> we're now seeing palestinians shot dead in disputed circumstances. >> we were directed to the ministry of foreign affairs. they simply said this was yet another incident in which amnesty demonstrates will be of interest in the palestinian terror. but some activists say that israeli troops will sometimes place knives nex to implicate attacks. we spoke with someone who witnessed the fatal shooter of a 23-year-old. the witness disputed the israeli forces accounts that there was a stabbing attack. >> they tell us that they saw the guy, the young palestinian man just walking on the street,
hearing something. and then raising his hands and showing open palms in order to show he didn't have any weapons on him. and then a few seconds after he was shot with rounds of machine gunfire and fell to the ground. >> it's impossible for al jazeera to verify version of events. but it's clear that shooting dead of the palestinian the anger on the streets is growing along for calls for the israeli army to change its tactics. >> more to come for you on the al jazeera news hour. celebrations on the streets, but not everyone is quite so happy with the election results. why politicians from across the planet have again failed to agree a deal to protect the the wilderness of antarctica. and we'll have the latest from women's tennis tournament
>> welcome back. you're watching the al jazeera news hour. a recap of the top stories. foreign ministers have agreed that the u.n. should start a new diplomatic process aimed as finding a political transition to end syria's war. meanwhile inside the country the violence is continuing with more than 140 people killed in the last 24 hours by missile attacks carried out by the syrian government. and 30 refugees including 11 children have drowned after two boats sunk off the coast of greece. >> let's get more on the summit in strengthen in a, the director of eastern mediterranean studies. we're joined via skype by boston. thank you very much for speaking with us. can you start by giving us your assessment of what emerged from
vienna. there seems to be perhaps greater emphasis to resolve them than ever before. >> i mean, watching them from afar without having spoken to anyone who was there yet what has been consolidated the weakness and irrelevance of the united states. i don't know what john kerry was doing there. he had nothing to say and nothing to contribute. and in his statement he just repeated the russian and iranian position. it was almost like total manipulation. he referred there was continuing the agreement, that's nothing new. and the process has been announced is basically geneva, which has already failed for the
same reason it would probably fail again. >> when you say he reiterated the russian and iranian position, there has been more flexibility on both sides when it comes to the question of bashar al-assad. we see the russians and irans, perhaps silent acceptance on their part that eventually bashar al-assad will have to go and more acceptance on the u.s. that he may have to stay in place for a while until a political transition is completed. that's more of a compromise, isn't it? >> no, that's a compromise on the part of the u.s. that's an acceptance of the u.s. of the runnin iran iranian iranian and russian position. the endorsement to stay, and the narrative of russia if he's there for isis, and russia has done everything but fight isis
in its intervention. he has basically adopted what he knows to be an untrue narrative by the russians. >> is it not significant that you have russia, iran, saudi arabia sitting down for the first time. does that not make this meeting different from those we've seen in the past? >> yes, i mean it's different. but the results--the result is the same. the key player in this, meaning that the key driver that can change the situation is the united states, and the united states is the weakest at the same time. so without the united states changing its position and adapted more active with clear
aims and confronting the iranian and russian intervention there, which are clearly against u.s. interest and u.s. policies both in iraq. >> one thing that we have heard recently from the russians is this call for new presidential and parliamentary elections in syria, clearly the syrian governmen opposition groups were not present at the summit. any agreement for backing of their involvement, how likely will they be drawn in this process? >> we've already had elections in syria this year. they resulted in over 90% win for assad, and they will result any elections will also result in that such regimes always win elections with between 90 and 99%. >> but the communique here states that elections--it would be completely different type of election that would be held with greater transparency and
international monitoring and completely different parameters if you like. you don't see a difference? >> i don't see a difference as long as the american position is so weak. there is no incentive for any change. just to give a small example, yesterday there was bombing in douma and around damascus and idlib and enormous civilian casualties. that was a message to vienna that they don't care, in a sense. and the help of anti-aircraft systems. the only reason why they don't have anti-aircraft is the american veto on giving them
anti-aircraft. the turks, the saudis, they're all very capable of supporting them but there is an american veto because of american weakness. >> we appreciate you taking time. joining there via skype from boston. >> fighting in the city of taiz. houthi rebels have areas under their control and civilians are increasingly being killed in the cross fire. houthi leaders say efforts to find a solution has failed. [ baby crying ] >> she is one of the latest casualties in the war of attrition. she's seven years old and doesn't understand why grownups are killing each other in the city of taiz. >> i was playing on the street. i was shot in the leg with a
bullet. >> it's a tough job for mothers to explain to children what are snipers, and why they shoot at anything that moves. >> my sister and her son were both shot by snipers. she was hit in her stomach and the child in his leg. >> people in taiz say that hundreds have died in weeks of intense fighting with houthi fighters and those loyal to former president ali abdullah saleh. >> they have tanks, artillery and heavy weapons. we will prevail. we'll continue to hold up for our city.
>> the houthi agreement to a seven-point peace plan brokered by the u.n. earlier. they're criticizing the u.n. envoy. back in taiz snipers kill again. women and children are vulnerable in any conflict, in yemen, too, they're paying the highest prize. al jazeera. >> tanzania's new leader has called for unity as they have been accused of stealing power. >> he receives his official election victory certificate. tanzania's national electorate
election said he won with 8.8 million votes. his victory extends the ruling party, which has been in power for 54 years. opposition said that the election was reeled. the election delegation denies the allegation. >> the reports by international observers say it was fair. >> the election continue continues.
>> people say they feel cheated. jobless graduates among 6 million who voted for loasa. >> there is no democracy. over 5 years and we're still being ruled by one party. >> some analysts say that he will have a tough job not just uniting the country country but the ruling party. >> with the desire for change especially among young people the president-elect is appealing to them to give him the chance
to make those changes. catherine soi, al jazeera. >> now people in china have welcomed the end of the country's one-child policy. families are now allow to have two children without facing fines. the government is calling it a proactive response to the country's aging population. but not everyone is convinced. >> with an increasing burden of an aging population abandoning the one child policy is a cause for celebration for many. but it will be a long time before the change works through to produce a bigger working population to support the elderly. and far from certain that all couples will take the opportunity of having a second child. >> i don't know if it will make a difference because the intention of having children is very light.
china has 20% of the world's population but account of 10% of the world's newborn children. >> on the streets a mixed reaction from a generation that has grown up knowing only one policy. >> now there is not a need for a strict limit. >> i don't have time for more children. i'm not planning on having another. >> we have serious aging problems and we need new blood. >> a typical scene. babies as likely to be looked after by their grandparents while their parents are at work supporting them both. >> many couples from one child families now potentially face a double burden looking after four aging parents while at the same time bringing up two children. this will be the generation bearing the strain of china's demographic imbalance. ron mcbride al jazeera,
beijing. >> russia has failed to agree on creating the world's largest ocean factory in antarctica. it's the only country that is not behind the protection efforts. >> it's the least touched continent polar bears live mainly in the arctic, but birds and fish that live nowhere else. the ant arctic and southern ocean are essential laboratories for measuring the effects of climate change. >> given all these impacts which are a victim, it's important that we distinguish what has happened through climate change and what has happened through fishing. by controlling the areas, and in the protected areas you can have those areas protected such as you have a good scientific
control. >> for the past five years delegates have been negotiating to establish marine protected areas. agreement needs consensus. in previous years russia and china vetoed proposals. they want to reserve the right to fish freely and said they were not fully persuaded of the science. >> every year that these are not established it's open for fishing, and open for other activities that could degrade the ecosystem. it's really important that these mps are put in place as soon as possible. >> there is frustration. most delegates are leaving more optimistic than in previous years, they say substantial progress has been made. importantly for the first time china says it now supports one
of the two proposed protected areas. russia, though, remains opposed. >> they have indicated that they're not quite ready to proceed with this protected area yet, but they have indicated that they're willing to talk with us and we'll take them up on that offer, and hopefully we'll be able to convince them. >> so there is growing hope it's coming, but for now antarctica still lacks the protection it needs. andrew thomas, hobart. >> more to come this offer. the solar power set ups that are keeping zimbabweans in business. >> i'm le lee lee wellings, will the mighty all blacks be stopped by their rivals australia?
watts a day, less than half what what is needed. electric ones are being phased out. >> i don't think we can afford looking at people who have-laid off jobs. the cash is not able. >> a 100 water heater costs $100 after installation. the average life span is three years before some maintenance is needed. >> we like to be serving 300 or more mega watts of electricity consumption. it means that we're going to be serving 60%. >> poor families are being told they're able to buy imported heaters as a government subsidized price that will be announced soon.
>> we're waiting for european countries, but in particular germany because of their technology in the solar sect. but we're awaiting countries and welcome any investments into the sector. >> this current energy crisis is caused by low water levels in the hydroelectric dams and aging power stations. regular power cuts mean that they don't always work. they're being replaced by solar ones. >> it's estimated around 8 million of the zimbabwe's 13 million people don't have access to electricity. using more solar energy could change that. government officials are hoping the energy crisis will be solved within the next three years. al jazeera. >> now chinese shorts have
rejected a ruling made by international tribunal to take on a case of a disputed territory in the south china seas. now let's bring you all the latest sports news with j. >> thank you very much. well, there are less than 24 hours ago before australia takes on new zealand in the final of the rugby world cup. green and gold fever is catching in sydney both teams have been putting their final preparations together. >> australia against new zealand the world's top ranked teams. great rivals playing each other
in the world cup final for the first time. the final is on the day of the halloween festival. and what is scary about these all blacks they might be the best team yet. they've won 13 consecutive world cup matches. in their quarterfinals against france they won beautifully. and against south africa they showed they can win ugly, too. >> it doesn't matter what you do in life, this is massive. these are the experiences that you learn from. >> they beat scotland by a single point but otherwise impressed beating the host england and outscoring argentina by four tries to none. >> we know it's going to be extremely physical, and we want to be able to last i believe
we've prepared accordingly. >> a lot of reasons that take hold, that takes over the physical part and you only feel the physical part later. >> it's the progress of rugby nations such as 2019 hosts japan's incredibl incredible victory over south africa. the cream has risen to the top. new zealand are the favorites to become the first team to lift the world cup three times. but to do it they need to cope with the physical and mental pressure of beating their closest enemy in rugby's biggest game. lee wellings, al jazeera, london. >> well, we are just moments from ful full time in the
bronze medal match. they lead argentina, 24-6. the match still carried plenty of significance with both teams. they scored the only two tries of this game so far and just seconds remaining there. >> on to tennis now, they have set up a semifinal showdown. beating world number four in three sets on friday. the hard fought win means the spaniard went through her round robin matches unbeaten. despite going dow down.
>> well, some of the best male players are in action at the swiss indoors. the move through the semifinals with the three-set win over nadal has booked his place after coming through. well, as well as the rugby, the biggest game in african club football will take place as the al jazeertheth the--they will reach the final in the 78-year history. however, it's the second successive season that the algerian side has reached this state winning the champions league just last season. >> preparations have gone very well. we're all focused on the match. so for the moment all goes well.
>> the turkish football federation has launched an investigation after a group of refugees were held hostage following a controversial decision in a top tier match. the club president said they would be locked into the stadium after failing to warn the home side with a late penalty. the they only allowed their release several hours later after a call from turkey's president. the world series heads to new york in just a few hours time for games three between the mets and the royals. they arrived in new york in the early hours of the morning following game three. the mets know this game is crucial if they're to win their first world series since 1986. >> obviously, we didn't plan this to happen.
but coming back home is a big thing for us. part of the reason our teams have had so much success is to handle the resiliency and come together as a team and overcome and win some ball games. >> just to bring you up-to-date with that match happening in london, south africa beat 24-13 to security third place. now back to mi workers yam in london. >> new photos released by the u.s. space agency revealed more detail on pluto and it's moon. the images were taken by new horizon spacecraft in july when it was 1.7 kill matters from the dwarf planet it shows unprecedented levels of ammonia on the moon. new horizons is the first spacecraft to visit pluto.
>> to diminish the muslim population inside burma, it's part of a genocidal process. >> rohinja faced abuse at every turn... rape, forced labor, torture, arbitrary arrest and detention. >> it was planned violence. >> the truth could not be revealed until today. >> bold... >> he took two m-16's, and he crawled... >> brave... >> ...do what you gotta do... >> then betrayed... >> why do you think you didn't get the medal of honor? >> a lifetime without the honor they deserved... >> some say that it was discrimination... >> revealing the long painful fight, to recognize some of america's bravest... >> he say.. be cool...be cool... >> ...proudest moment in my life.. >> honor delayed a soledad o'brien special report
only on al jazeera america >> world leaders agree to continue efforts to stop the war in syria as 140 people are killed in the last 24 hours. >> hello, i'm maryam nemazee. you're watching al jazeera live from london. coming up, the boat tragedy off the coast of greece. 30 drown including 11 children. violent clashes between israeli authorities and palestinians. an israeli vehicle runs over a protest