talking climate change. the president of france is in china, the world's largest carbon emittinger. throahole there, i'm shiulie gh. you are watching al jazeera live from doha. powerful winds and heavy rain. >> european union, it is not union. >> record numbers of refugees arrive in europe. we hear from greece, plus.
censorship in indonesia. members want to break the silence about the country's dark past but the government has other ideas. the french president is beefing up efforts to find global support for a comprehensive climate deal out of a major summit in paris. francois hollande is on a seven day trip to i china, aiming for a global deal to slow the rise in global temperatures. hollande has been looking for support from china the world's largest carbon emitter. rob tell us what has been announced. >> reporter: yes, he obviously comes to china look for that
support. two days of meetings. a 21 point declaration being issued. broad goals for this paris deal when it is reached in a month's time from now. it is possibly a little short on detail but there is as we know four weeks to go before the actual meetings civility. it commits china and france to the broad goals of kind of statements we would expect from this but also, giving it a bit more detail about what we might expect at paris. for example it talks about developed countries, helping the developing world, and puts a price tag on the cost of tackling climate change at around $100 billion u.s., that needs to be spent for avariety of sources private and public, giving it a bit more detail, countries who sign up for
putting a cap on the growth of their carbon emissions will be legally bound for that growth, that is the kind ever detail i think people wanted to see coming up in paris. and then one or two more innovative measures, such as the incorporation of nonstate actors. these are provinces, cities, businesses that maybe are a bit more adventurous than their own governments who say look we're facing a real challenge here. we need to do more than possibly our government can do in tackling climate change. these individual governments need to be encouraged in this 21 point declaration. so francois hollande will probably leave china being encouraged what will come next in the talks in pairps jewel p.
>> from china we see more effort put into renewable sources of energy and as environmentalists will tell you, after burning more coal year on year the past year, the amount of coal has stalled. it is looking at using more sources of energy. china as this statement reaffirms is committo putting $3 billion to help the developing world put control on its greenhouse gases. it contrasting to the role it played in copenhagen in 2009. confused by many of scuppering
those talks, of reaching a reliable, vierve verifiable poin those talks. >> thank you rob. at least three people were killed and dozens more injured in socotr afternoon, the weather service originally great chokotra as heavier. give us a chance what's happening with this cyclone, how destructive is it? >> a fairly rare one. given paucity of records, second ever reported in 120 years to come this far south. the satellite picture 24 hours ago, not far from socotra in
yemen but part of the horn of africa. the water is quite warm so when it hits, it's a category 3, category 4 storm. they're many named extremely serious in this part of the world but it equates to a category 3 or 4 storm. once it's over warm water it brings in moisture all the time. but when it starts bringing in air from the desert, it falls apart, no longer has its fuel. now, it's no longe long charactd acategorized asa category anyth.
it hasn't quite finished shiulie. >> thank you, the mayor of the island of lesbos says there's no more room to bury the refugees who died in the mediterranean sea,. >> all the tragedy they've seen still the aid workers keep looking. on lesbos, the sea may be waller, but nerves are on edge. when the refugees make it ashore, the sense of relief is eclipped only by a growing outrage. >> can i not imagine. i feel shamed that i'm a european, that i'm from holland. i feel a bit shamed that european union, union?
for me it's not a union at all. >> maryke is one of the people here committed. >> almost dying, i cannot imagine you can live with yourself when this is your responsibility. >> reporter: the refugees while while extremely grateful for the help know life won't get much easier any time soon. but for many, choosing to stay in their home land may have been an even riskier option. yet the choices between dying in the assess says ahmed and dying in iraq, i take sea. ahmed tells me that he, his wife and four children, have no other choice. in iraq, it is the children who die. presidents don't die, ministers don't die. it's the kids who die.
the children try to make their fear recede even if it's only for a few minutes. over 200,000 refugees arrived in europe by sea in october alone. that's roughly the same amount that arrived in all of 2014. aid workers here believe that huge increase the numbers is because refugees are trying to make this journey before the window for opportunity close for good. camps have been built, teen united nations refugee agency sees where much more needs to be done. >> we issued a call to the european union, to frontex, to get more ships out there and save more people. because this is going to get auto of control. >> reporter: on the beach emotions continue to ebb and flow. there's generosity all around
but hardly any of it is state-sponsored. as frustrated as they are, resolute, they look for any way possible to help. mohammed jamjoom, al jazeera, lesbos, greece. >> group sense the fence on greece's border with turkey is forcing people the take the dangerous sea route. the latest boat arrived from the greek island of rhodes on thursday. rescued 1400 people on saturday and sunday. the german chancellor angela merkel say european union must work together to stem the tide ever refugees. >> it cannot be right that we currently have a situation between turkey and greece where we must ensure legality again
otherwise people smugglers will be able to bring more and more people. >> the remains of more victims from saturday's plane crash have arrived back in st. petersburg, there's still confusion what brought the plane down. the russia's air transport chief dismissed this, more analysis need to be done. all 225 passengers and crew were killed. peter sharp report ares. >> a russian government plane touched down in st. petersburg, while 225 passengers and crew died, almost all of them were russian holiday-makers. the bodies are brought to a mortuary where the statistic to determine the remains.
claims quickly dismissby russian and egyptian government, that the plane was brought down by i.s.i.l. affiliates. >> there are po such faults likh as engine failure,. >> the kremlin indicated nothing could be ruled out in connection to the crash. >> translator: i would again like to express my condolences to the families and relatives of the victims. this is a great tragedy and certainly we are with you in heart and soul. i want to thank st. petersburg for its response that the whole world seize and its expression
of sympathy and empathy. >> sharm el sheikh is a popular destination for many russians, 17 children are among those killed. >> it's sad. people, children who were on the flight, it's heart-breaking. i have a child myself and i fly very often. >> russian federal investigators c have opened a criminal case into the incident. over the weekend, authorities apparently raided the offices ooffices of to gain information. it is hoped that the airliner's black boxes will reveal something additional. it is apparent something catastrophic happened at high altitude.
it is going to take perhaps another couple of months to reveal actually what happened. peter sharp, al jazeera, are st. petersburg. >> extension of what they're already doing now. in his first comments since the situation was announced, president obama said the troops will not be doing anything more than be trainers. >> we have run special ops already, extension of what we continue to do. we are not putting u.s. troops on the front line fighting firefights with i.s.i.l. but i've been consistent throughout that we are not going to be fighting like we did in iraq with a -- battalions and occupations. that doesn't solve the problem. >> the u.n. envoy to syria has called on both the government
and the opposition to be involved in a political solution. stefan de mastura involved in the recent talks in vienna. >> we have been asking the aspects of vienna, because the current government was not present nor the opposition. i think it is clear everyone involved in syria should be involved, that's my duty and i'm doing it. we need some facts on the ground, some ceasefire some reduction in violence, that would make a difference give a feeling to the syrian people that the vienna atmosphere is producing effects to them. >> coming up here on the program why the quality of public sector population is getting worse in africa's most populace nation. the south korean government faces angry protest over its
the storm is expected to weaken as it moves towards the capital sanaa. no more room the bury the refugees who died in the mediterranean sea. 200,000 arrived during october alone, more than the entire year ever 2014. jerald tan has the details. >> for three hours their boat was adrift in the caribbean. the boat of 15 minutemen and five women were found without any kind of safety equipment. the people they paid had left them and were nowhere to be find. >> 20 people aboard of cuban nationationality.
the people traffickers abandoned them in the middle of the sea. >> international companies are scrambling to examiner the market. the u.s. mobile company, sprint just signed a deal the first of its kind between the two countries. cuba is still under embargo and few left there feel left out. >> the economy is very weak and everybody leaves to follow a dream. in cuba you cannot have anything. the salary is very low. the economy is very weak. so everyone leaves to see if they can prosper and improves economically. >> thousands of cubans take to the sea each year but the problem of exploitation in the hands of traffickers only seems to be festering.
colombia has rescued more than 5,000 people off the coast this year, more than triple 2014. jerald tan, al jazeera. >> so far 12 vehicles have entered china, another 26 will by the end of the day. fuel hasn't reached nepal for over a month now, after authorities started blocking a major highway. nepal's new constitution discriminates against them. indonesians are facing censorship again after two decades of freedom. alleged killings of commune is. step vaessen reports from bali.
>> reporter: a song of grief and discrimination. as a victim of an anticommunist purge 50 years ago, teresa is silenced once again. the former political prisoner was banned from speaking at one of asia's largest writer festivals in bali. a photo exhibition of her and others were cancelled. >> they are still trying to silence us. it is clear that openness is still far away. i hope one day that this will change. i hope that this country will stop being lied at. >> reporter: the festival with 165 writers and poets from 25 countries last become one of the symbols of indonesia's you new freedoms over the past 12 years. this is the first time the government intervened. >> well, it's a sense of censorship we've never had and of course that is the great fear and that's the great fear on the
next level for the future of the festival. >> reporter: 50 years after the dmoounis commune image e-ise there is a push to know the real situation. the conditions still defy the country. while freedom of speech is a great right, president joko widodo was forced to scale the launch of his book breaking the silence with testimonies of 1965. >> i am angry at president widodo, my question now can joko uphold the situation? >> what happened in 1965.
>> why should if you discuss the past, you seen the pain back again and painful so many people. we don't want to see that. so when we forget, we forget and everybody understand this is maybe the history of indonesia. >> victims and survivors from 50 years ago will hold a so-called people's tribunal next week in the netherlands, so far it's reacted by banning discussions and silencing victims once again. step vaessen, al jazeera, bali. fest. >> controversy plan to introduce state authored history textbooks in schools. the decision has been met with widespread opposition. harry fawcett is at a protest in seoul. >> reporter: holding a protest
outside a government building in seoul, you call them a press conference. these are people who are opposed to the government brings in its own history textbooks, to correct the way history is taught to young people in this country. there has been the requisite period for jj e-judging public opinion. the press conference/are public appearance. >> we should make a correct history textbook that is based on objective historical facts and serves the values of the constitution. >> there are currently eight textbooks privately produce id and seven of the eight offer a biased version of history and the other one is used in 3 of
8,000 public schools. opposition parties, university lecturers, and they say the government is trying to offer a glossed over version of some of the south korea's past, they include among those numbers the father of the current president, park geun-hye? so some we have spoken to simply feels the government should step down. >> subject to the government's review, even now the got has plenty of power to influence their content. >> this has been the document issue in the parliament in the past weeks. possible court challenges, also more than half of the educational superintendents around the country are talking about promoting their own alternative textbook no matter
what goes on. it really demonstrates how polarized left and right south korea is now. >> the president of the central african republic, katherine sam abousamba-panzaza. >> crisis in the years to come. ahmed idris reports. >> her dream is to be a doctor. she came to the private school to chase that dream because her parents can afford it.
>> this has the good facilities of which it can guide me that was set in my own ambition. >> reporter: at a public school her friend farida is also chasing a similar dream but she has a tougher challenge because of her parents' financial standing. >> that is because what they can afford to do for me. i'm happy for that because they try their best to see that i'm educated. >> her parents would rather see her in a private school. facilities for public school are either overstretched or nonexistence. poor funding and repeated strike action by teachers have damaged public public schools in most parts of nigeria. in some areas classesser held out in the open under trees. in theory, basic education is nigeria is free yet students still pay fees one way or
another. some experts suggest government should sponsor giftstudents so they can take up positions in private schools which are less populated and better equipped. >> it is difficult to equate the quality of education. you have 17 students were classroom. in public it's 25 to 30, so definitely the quality won't be the same. >> the people blame the overall lack of support. >> we are just, hobsly yo honesu know, there are some private schools that are exceptional just as you have some exceptional public school. >> can quality of education even in the exemptional public schools is dromg.
continue to have an edge over public school students. mohammed idris, al jazeera, northeast nigeria. >> and can you keep up to date with all the news and sports just by going to our website, the address, aljazeera.com. place they called chicago-rssmentsaq raq, chicago's toughettes streets and a mother's hope she doesn't lose another son. >> can we? really? >> the growing fear in the fight for chicago. we'll refocus on the violence in chicago later. first up though a look at high times and high rewards. in tuesday's voting ohio could become the new ground breaker in