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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 3, 2015 2:00pm-2:31pm EST

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says sir january refugeeu.n. children face a crisis of statelessness. this is al jazeera live, from london. also coming up, israel's parliaments agreed longer prison sentences for protestors. >> russian media reports that some debris found at the scene of the plane crash wasn't from the plane. and the landmark moment one of rome's best loved tourist sites is back in business.
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hello there, a warm welcome. the united nations is warning of a crisis of statelessness. for syrian refugees in neighboring states. the u.n.h.c.r. says that around the world a child is born stateless at least every ten minutes. now u.n.h.c.r. researchers talk to children in seven countries about the experience of growing up without the rights that go with nationality. most stateless people belong to minority groups discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, race, religion, or gender, is the major cause of statelessness. u.n.h.c.r. is also warning that a growing number of syrian children are at risk of statelessness, because the nationality goes through the father, and many refugee children have no father, and no birth certificate. dana reports from beirut on the problem facing syrian refugee children in lebanon.
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these children are among a new generation of stateless people, two-year-old mohammad, one-year-old ahelp, her cousin malick, they were all born in lebanon. syrians who escape from the war, but are now faced with another crisis. she says she sees in future for her children, they don't have proper identification papers because she first has to renew her own residency and she does haven't the money to do that. >> living in remember monois very dangerous, we can't go back to syria because we have no proof that they are mine. >> for many others like them whatever money they can make is spent to survive, but with no these children cannot enroll in schools and access to healthcare is hard. >> syrian refugees are able to register their newborn children, with the u.n., but the children risk becoming stateless, if their parents don't complete the process by
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registering with the lebanese government. and for some that is a complicated process. parents need proper documentation. seem don't have marriage certificates or identifiuation, because they entered lebanon illegally. others don't have valid permits or are too poor to pay for the paperwork, and there are many that are scared to go to the syrian embassy, because they are wanted or live in opposition controlled areas. we know that 60% have not completed the necessary steps in order to ensure the rights of their child to the nationality and that's a very large number. >> there are more than 1 million in lebanon, no other country has taken in as many in relation to it's size. and remember monois now treating the crisis as a security issue.
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we need a sponsor and to go from one department to another. >> beirut. >> and more syrian refugees continue to cross the mediterranean, the international federation of red cross and red crescent society says it will increase it's aid to greece. now the coast guard has released this showing a rescue operation off the island. men, women, and children were dragged from rough seas after the boat capsized. this year, attempting to reach greece. the u.n.h.c.r. chief
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spokesperson high there, melissa, thank you for joining us on the program. when i read some of the things that have been written in the report, i think what struck me is most is what children talked about feeling about themselves as a result of being stateless. i think a couple of them felt utterly worthless, and the report is shocking frankly. >> it is probably one of the most underreported human rights issues in the world. yet there are 1200 that are stateless. they feel like they live nowhere. they have very few rights and of course this effects children very dramatically, many of them can't go to school, neff a very -- their chance at a future in work, and in public life, is very slim, so we are demanding an end to it, it is easy to end. but laws need to be changed. >> and melissa, what are the
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main barriers why is it that so many children end up being stateless? there are countries that have laws that do not allow women to pass the nationality down to their children. so particularly dramatic in the situation, where of course where men are dying. and women are arriving as refugees with with no nationality for their children. so this is a huge problem, and then you -- what we also have are countries that discriminate against minorities and do not allow them to become citizens. i am thinking about the situation in syria right now. the people are still trying to escape from there. what it will hold for these people. >> we are deeply worried we are in the fifth year of this war.
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winter is coming people are -- workries about where the war is going to shift, whether the violence will come to their town. that's why you will see so many threing from syria into europe these days extremely worried that there is no chance to survive. any more in syria and very little opportunity to have a decent exile in the neighboring countries. a lot of these countries are trust frankly struggling. >> well, absolutely. we have the you refugee crisis that needs to be managed. question have to prevent these, there has to be more
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investment, so that syrians refugees can have a decent life there, and don't have to feel compelled to come to europe, we are also beefing up our operations all over europe, so that when they do arrive at least they won't suffer so much around the journey. but so much more needs to be done. ultimately the war needs to be stopped. >> what about also making sure that the public around the world are still invested in seeing a solution to what is happening and that people don't get fatigues. how can we with keep people invested. >> well, i think one thing that people need to recognize, when they see a boat capsizing full of women with and children familie famin the sea, what with is behind that is desperation, that is unmanageable. no person, would be on those dangerous boats. if they could thrive where
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they are. they are fleeing conditions that untenable due to huge lack of funding to the humanitarian organization like u.n.c.h.r. and to they are finally saying in europe, maybe there's a country there that will not only welcome me, where i can be safe, but also where i can put my children in school, and to work, and that's why we with are seeing such a large influx of syrians at this point in time. melissa thank you very much. >> pleasure to be with you.
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they will be denied state benefits while their child serves jail time. the israeli arm has impose add zone in part of hebron in the occupied west bank, the implications of the move are unclear, it comes though after israeli forces raised the radio station, and took it off air. the israeli army has accused the station of inciting violence. as harsh and extremely punitive, those convicted of throwing stones will now face a minimum of three years in jail.
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and ma mechanics. sentence of five keep years in prison for the offense. it also mena a judge cannot offer a suspended sentence to anyone convicted of stone throwing either. so a prison sentence is all but certain, for those convicted of stone throwing. with a provision involving children, children accused of the offense, while they are serving prison, their parents will no longer be able to have access to national insurance. >> has also been close bedty israeli military. the israeli military
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spokesperson said that the reason for that closure and the destroying broadcasting material and equipment in that radio station was because it was broadcasting what it described as incitement. they say the reason they are protesting is not because of incurettement not because they are being told to, but because they are tired of living under israeli occupation, and they wanted to end. early unnests, a third plane is expected in the city, later. >> peter sharp has the latest from st. peters burg.
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>> i have formally extended the crash site now, they are looking at an area owhat more than 30 square kilometers and it is such a large area, that they are using drones to try to search for more bodies and more debris, well they found more debris in wreckage, but no extra bodies today. they are taken by car to the cream story, and the mortuary where may will have their dna matched with the bodies there. it is an appalling task, and when you think that there are 224 crew and passengers just ten people, so it is going to be a very long process, meanwhile, putin's press secretary has warned the media against trying to link the disaster.
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while they are accused of making false claim about the clean up operations in nigeria. plus, the partnership that seems to be working in the war on panama. all that and more after the break.
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serve a maximum of 15 years in jail. the site of the plane crash in egypt doesn't belong to the aircraft. >> police in frankford have raided the headquarters of the football association, it is over an investigation into tax evasion, as lee reports questions are also being asked about the bidding process in 2006 world cup. after so much focus on the 2018 and 2022 world cup voting the russian and qatar
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is the 2006 germany tournament in the spotlight. >> we with have secured. and will be evaluating in the next few weeks. the tax evasion especially in severe cases the law allows for imprisonment, between six months and ten years. >> is at the center of allegations. in a statement to german newspaper he admitted the payment shouldn't have been made through fifa.
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he said i as the president of the organization committee at the time carried the responsibility for this mistake. in order to obtain financial support, a suggestion by the finance commission was followed which in hindsight should have been rejected. but he demies the payment was to buy votes. as does the kurt head of german football. his predecessor is an arch critic of the 2022 hosting, now the investigation is closer to home. >> i know i am telling the truth, so i have nothing to fear. what might come out of it we will see, but it is better than this then through some investigation committees that are involved. >> the common link to all of the corruption problems is the governing body. who oversaw the controversial german from zurich. sepp blatter suspended and on the way out, the organization has no president, and little credibility. at the time the 2006 world cup was seen as a success on
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and off the pitch. a decade on, germany's right to stage the party is part of football's web of corruption. lee wellings al jazeera. >> francoise has med the league, mow the leaders have stressed they recognize the full responsibility to address climate change, china is the word's largest carbon emitter making beijing center to anusol sekful agreement. the french president says he wants to deal with china before the climate talks begin later this month. >> the climate is the biggest question facing us all, it will determine peace in the coming decades. it will equally decide the quality of life, we would like the president and myself to be able to make a declaration. ahead of the upcoming paris
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summit, this will commit both our countries to a deal but will also be seen an a foundation of the agreement in paris. >> rob mcbride sent us this update from beijing. >> it was a 21-point declaration from the two leaders which really now sets up china as being partners in the fight cleans climate companying. the declaration may have been short of facts but it high the right tone, gave the right message, and they will be able to go back to frabs now ahead of the paris talks claiming he has china onboard. for those talks, as we said, they have both committed themselves to taking on ever climate change, describing it as one of the biggest challenges now facing humanity.
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china has been accused of watering down agreements now we are seeing a maturer stronger more comfortable china being able to sign up as the world's environment thousands of people have been displaced by flooding connected to tropical cyclone the storm hit just west of the city. residents say many homes have been destroyed. it saw more than a year's worth of rain in more than 24 hours and forcing many people to higher ground. knob there have been protests and violence since president pierre ran for a third -- controversial third term in office earlier this year. human rights activists in the capitol, has released video statement, criticizing the government.
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al jazeera reports now he is one of the most prominent critics. this was last year, when supporters came in droved when he was imprisoned after he accused the government of training militias ahead of elections. he was later released this year he criticized the president's controversial bid for a third term. in august, he was shot in the face and neck, by gunman in the capitol. he has released this video statement in the belgium capitol where he is receiving treatment for his injuries. today we with still continue to pick up all types of dead bodies here and there, men, women, school students it is very sad. this is the situation prevailing in our country. >> among activists who called on people in april to
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demonstrate against the bid to stay in power. in presidential elections the supporters said he was victorious, be uh the opposition and observers say the election was deeply flaws. in the capitol and throughout the country side. many opposition members have been hided many others have fled the country. members have taken up arms so people from both sides are being targeted and the killings are happening almost every day. many say human rights work has become dangerous. as the killings continue, he says he is still documents them from abroad. malcolm web, al jazeera. kenya. >> shell has been accused of making false claims of the extent of it's clean up operations in nigeria.
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in the center for environment human rights and development says shell failed to implement u.n. recommendations the report says several sites are still polluted. shell has since the report was only released on tuesday is too difficult to verify and respond meisely to the accusations. the government says the decision gulf coast should be made by experts and not politician. and has little support from the u.s. government. >> like it's neighbors across central america, panama is struggling with gangs the country's new president says he wants to take a more preventive approach to crime, but in one neighborhood which is once a hot bed of criminal activity, unusual partnerships seems to be
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cushing the problem. david mercer has the story. >> just a few years ago, tourists would have regretted meeting antonio james. now the 31-year-old and his partners lead tours sharing their gang time experiences with visitors to panama city historic. before we rob the tourist, now we guide them and show them how life used to be. now walking with us gives them safety. >> it was for years divided between three rival gangs. and gun fights were common. but it was the potential for development that attracted american lawyer casey harden a decade ago. as k.c. and his partner started turning run down buildings into boutique hotels it became clear they had to deal with with the gangs. but rather than pay
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protection money, k.c. reached out to the gang leaders. >> we had a group of guys who had always been marginalized who had always been in a position of either the victim or the punisher, to look at the world in a different way with, and look at being part of something bigger and positive. to be the protagonists in a story of revitalization. >> a private initiative that offers counseling job placement, and access to small loans. over the past two years 45 people have graduated. >> when you work with these young men, it is clear that though they have led criminal lives, having been in prison, having killed at their root they are human being whose are only asking for help, for an opportunity. >> and their work paid off. bullet holes like this, can still be found throughout and
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a reminder of the violence that used to grip the neighborhood, but thanks in part to the program, the gangs have layed down their weapons and the shootings have stopped. >> in parts of the neighborhood, police reported not a single robbery or assault from the start of 2014, to march this year. a more positive future for all residents just ask antonio james, a former gang leader whose son now wants to be a tour guide. david mercer, al jazeera, panama city. >> and after $2.2 million makeover, the point is unveiled once again to the public claudia was there for the points official unveiling. >> water started flowing again in the point for the first time in almost a year and a half.
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but for the first 17 months 26 restores have been cleaning up the beautiful marbles and also improved the hidrotic lighting and surveillance system, and now look at it. it looks as beautiful as it must have looked at the end of the 18th century when it was first completed now the $2.5 million restoration works were payed in full -- now the latest italians fashion house to pay for the restoration important monuments here in rome in exchange for a tack break from the government. it has paid $1.5 million to restore and renovate the spanish steps while the italian schumacher has paid more than $25 million to clean up the whole of the coliseum. but in the case of the point, may be the only one to throw money in it. now that it is reopened to the public, italians and tourists alike will start tossing coins again in it, a tradition for anyone who
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wants to return to rome. al jazeera. rome. >> you can find out much more on our website, why not take a look, we have the latest on what is happenin happening wite wreckage of the plane crash, where so is kagame a savior or a dictator? we sent journalist sorious samura to find out. >> for centuries the tribes of this country lived together without tribal atrocities, and nothing like the rwandan genocide ever took place. then in the 1920's, rwandans