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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 3, 2015 5:00pm-5:31pm EST

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>> the mayor of lesbos tells al jazeera with so many refugees dying trying to get to europe there is no room left on the island to bury them. no papers, no rights. the u.n. said syrian refugee children face a crisis of statelessness. >> hello there, i'm julie mcdonald. this is al jazeera live from london coming up israel's parliament agrees longer prison sentences for protesters to throw stones. russian media reports that some debris from the plane crash was not from the plane itself.
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amazon opened its first book shop. yes, that's right. one of those places where you buy books in person. >> welcome to the program. the number of dead from europe's refugee crisis has grown so large that there is no room to bury them on the island of lesbos. that's according to the local mayor there. more than 50 bodies are awaiting burial. all of them died trying to reach the island. for those who make it there, it isn't the end of their voyage. >> at this hour in greece, the sky darkens as quick as the fear sets in. but still they come. attention turns first to the ones they risk everything more. the young they must comfort. the old they must aid. having survived the sea they land in situation so chaotic
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even our team was asked to help translate. >> the car accident in turkey just a few hours ago was bad. but this woman and her family still made the crossing. i can't even explain my motions, she tells me. we came such a long way. we were just praying we would make it to greece, and then we did. thank god. the medics arrived quickly and treatment was given. but during these days of crisis on lesbos, even aid workers accustomed to helping the emotionally traumatized are at a loss. >> they see more a better life. most of them now they feel guilty because they bring the family--they brought the families with them, children, and now they're dead or they are looking for them. actually you cannot say anything
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to a man who has lost children as well, but they need someone there to be next to them, and facilitate in the following procedure. >> it's not just identifying their loved ones that is so difficult. even finding a resting place is near impossible. these graves are a stark reminder of how harsh a life and how sad a death these refugees had. what makes their fate so tragic is that many here were put in the ground anonymously. >> overcrowded with bodies this cemetery has run out of room. grave digger understands death better than most, but this, he struggles to comprehend. >> the refugees have come to find a better future, he tells me. instead they get a painful death.
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we greeks, we also were migrants. but we didn't have to die in the sea. now even for the refugee who is managed to escape with their lives its death that seems closer than ever. al jazeera, lesbos, greece. >> the united nations is warning of a crisis of statelessness for syrian refugees in neighboring states. it's refugee agency the unhcr say that around the world a child is born stateless every ten minutes. now researchers talk with children about the experience of growing up without the rights that go with national. most statelessness go along with minority groups. unhcr are warning that a growing number of syrian children are at risk of statelessness because syrian's nationality go through the father, and many children
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have no father and no birth certificate. we go t to beirut to look at the problem. >> two-year-old mohammed, one year alan, and her cousin malik, they were all born in lebanon. syrian who is escaped the war but are now faced with another crisis. >> she said that she sees no future for her children. they don't have proper identification papers because she first has to renew her own residency, and she doesn't have the money to do that. >> you it is very difficult. i can't go out with the children because they have not been registered. we can't even go back to syria because we have no proof that they're mine. >> whatever money they can make is spent to survive. but with no i.d.s these children cannot enroll in schools an access to healthcare is hard.
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>> syrian refugees are able to register their newborn children with the u.n. but the children risk becoming stateless. if their parents don't complete the process by registering them with the lebanese government. and for some that is a complicated process. parents need proper documentation. >> some don't have marriage certificates or any identification because they enter the lebanon illegally. others don't have valid residency permits or are too poor to pay for the paperwork. and there are many who are scared to go to the syrian embassy because they're wanted or live in opposition-controlled areas. >> based on a random sampling we know that 60% to 70% of parents who have new-born babies in lebanon have not completed the necessary steps in order to insure their child the syrian nationality. that's a very large number. >> there are more than a million syrian refugees in lebanon. no other country has taken in as many refugees in relation to its
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size. lebanon is now treating the crisis as a security issue. >> their father, my son-in-law, is too scared to move around because of the check points. my daughter just gave birth to another child. it is difficult to get him papers. we need a sponsor, and to go from one government department to another. >> her grandson is among the tens of thousands of syrian refugees born in lebanon, at the age of one, he has a future which is already threatened. al jazeera. beirut. >> well, the unhcr spokesperson said that the situation for stateless people and refugees is now absolutely critical. >> it's shocking. it's probably one of the most understand reported human rights issues in our world, yet there are 10 million people who are stateless in this world. that means people who have absolutely no identity. they feel like they live
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nowhere. they have very few rights, and of course, this effects children very dramatically. many can't go to school. there are 27 countries in the world that have laws that do not allow women to pass the nationality down to their children. so it's particularly dramatic in the syrian situation where men are dying. and women are arriving at refugees with no nationality for their children. so this is a huge problem. and then what we also have are countries that discriminate against minorities and do not allow them to become citizens. we're in the fifth year of this war. winter is coming. people are--people are worried about where the war is going to shift. whether the violence is coming to their town. that's why you see so many syrians actually fleeing directly from syria into europe these days. extremely worried that there is no chance to survive any more in syria, and very little
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opportunity to have a decent exile in the neighboring countries. one thing that people need to recognize when they see a boat capsizing, full of women and children, families in the mediterranean sea, what is behind that is desperation that is unimaginable. no person would be on those dangerous boats if they could thrive where they are. we have to prevent all these deaths at sea. there has to be more rescue at sea. there has to be more investment in the neighboring countries so that syrian refugees can have a decent life there and don't have to feel compelled to come to europe. we're also beefing up our operations all over europe so when they do arrive at least they won't suffer so much along their journey. but so much more needs to be done. ultimately the war needs to be stopped. that's drive something many people from their homes.
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>> investigators are examining the two black boxes from the russian passenger plane that crashed in the peninsula. reports from russian state media suggests that some we he debris does not belong to the aircraft. meanwhile, imagery detected heat around the jet before it went down. so far the government has found 40 bodies and identified victims. >> they have formerly extended the crash site. they're looking at an area of more than 30 square kilometers. it's such a large area they're using drones to seven for more bodies, and more debris. well, they found more debris and wreckage but no extra bodies today. meanwhile, here in st. petersburg the awful task of
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identifying the dead continues. the families and relations are taken by car to the crematorium and mortuary where they'll have their dna matched with the bodies there. it's an appalling--it's an appalling task. when you think there are 224 crew and passengers killed in this disaster and they've only formally identified ten people it's a very long process. meanwhile, putin's pleasant secretary has warned the media trying to link the disaster with syria's--with russia's operations in syria. he said this is the most inappropriate. >> now russia has distanced itself from assad reports that members of the country opposition are invited to talks in moscow next week. >> we never said that assad has to leave or that he has to stay.
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we said that unconditionally for the statehood of syria it's a key moment in the fight against terrorism as well. if it won't an syrian state there isn't anyone who would fight against terrorism on the ground. the reality, the second point the fate of the president of the country needs to be decided by the syrian people. >> a spokesman for the opposition supreme military council said that there was no plans to meet with russia. >> we're in a state of war with the russians. they have been bombarding the position of the free syrian army. this is known to you all. but the russians are spreading lice they're coordinating with groups that claim to be the free syrian army. the russians want to manufacture an opposition that suits them. we cannot coordinate with the ira russian enemy. they need to move forward
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without assad under the sponsorship of the united nations. >> well, joining may short time ago to explain the significance of those comments. >> i don't think there has been a shift, a major shift in russian foreign policy. russia is not committed in principle to assad staying in power forever. i don't think iran is committed to assad staying in power forever. what russia wants to preserve it's own interest. to have someone in damascus friendly to its own strategic interests. it wants to prevent the western powers from regime change in the way they topple the government and the iraqi government. so in many ways the statement today by the spokesperson of the foreign ministry is really asserting a cardinal principle of russian foreign policy even though at this particular moment it is important. it tells you there is diplomatic moment. russia is trying to send messages both to syrian rebels,
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opposition and also the western powers. >> you're watching al jazeera. still to come. death and devastation in yemen. a cycle making landfall. >> nepal's government employs a cheeky strategy. all that after the break. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself, and that's what we're doing at xfinity.
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>> welcome back. a reminder of the top stories here on al jazeera. the mayor of lesbos with so many refugees dying trying to get to europe there is no room left on the island to bury them.
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every ten minutes around the world a child is born statelessness, a looming crisis for refugees who fled to neighboring countries to escape the syrian war. some of the debris that is found near the plane crash in egypt does not belong to the plane itself. israel will raise the minimum sentence for stone thr throwing to 15 years. the israel army has imposed a military zone in the occupied west bank. the implications of the move are unclear, but it comes after israeli forces the israeli army has accused the station of
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inciting violence. we have more now from west jerusalem. >> well, the israeli human rights groups have described the passage of this law, which has been fast tracked through the israeli parliament as harsh and extremely punitive. those convicted of throwing stones will now face a minimum of three years in jail, and a max sentence of up to 15 years in prison for the offense. it also means that a judge cannot offer a suspended sentence to anyone convicted of stone throwing either. a prison sentence is all but certain for those convicted of stone throwing. the law has also been criticizing amount to go collective punishment with a provision involving children. children accused of the offense while serving prison their
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parents will no longer be able to have access to national insurance here in israel. now in the background of all that we have seen continued protests across the occupied west bank, and now we understand that a radio station in the up ad west bank of hebron has also been closed by the israeli military. the israeli military spokesperson said that the reason for that closure and the destroying of broadcasting material and equipment in that radio station was because it was broadcasting what it described as incitement. if you speak to palestinians on the street, they'll say the reason why they're protest something not because of enchristment o--citement, or because they're told to. they want it to end. >> fighting between the saudi-led coalition and rebel groups. saudi forces are carrying out airstrikes against houthi
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fighters. the dead include 21 houthies and 8 civilians. and staying with yemen, the tropical cyclone has hit the mainland of the war-torn country causing heavy flooding and major damage. authorities are anticipating more loss of life. the cyclone made landfall before it was downgraded. it's an area of 2 million people. >> as waves crash into the sea wall, strong winds and torrential rain flood the gulf of aden. this cyclone was close to a category 5 hurricane with winds up to 250 kilometers an hour. it has since weakened but it's hurricane-strength winds are
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unprecedented. >> the last time there was a tropical storm in yemen was back in 1960. >> a weaker tropical depression hit yemen in 2008. that storm killed 180 people and left quite a lot of damage behind. it was much stronger. colorful areas are flooded, and forecasters are expecting floodwaters to cause mudslides. they may bring 250 to 500 millimeters of rainfall. >> that is a few years of rain falling in just a day or two. >> the cyclone has made landfall. the area has been under the control of al-qaeda since april. >> it is no longer a cyclone. it has weakened and dissipates
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as it moves towards sanaa, which is controlled by houthi rebels. some relief organizations are afraid that al-qaeda and the houthis are not well equipped to and this disaster. it was expected to hit oman, but then it changed direction. there is concern in yemen even as the storm loses strength after making landfall. al jazeera. >> the obama administration is now considering whether to suspend its review of the controversial keystone xl oil pipeline application at building transcanada's request. the company is trying t to play politics. >> another potential delay in the oil pipeline called keystone xl. this time from a surprising source. the project's own sponsor
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transcanada. it would seem they're delaying approval to wait for president obama to leave office and in the hope of supportive candidate is in the white house. u.s. officials say that they're reviewing the request. >> sectory has spoken to them. we would like to finish this review process. it's impossible. we have a commitment to do that. we're going to continue our review. >> transcanada has been trying to build the pipeline across the u.s. heartland since 2008. it would connect transcanada's oil fields in alberta with existing pipelines inside the u.s. and finally with refineries on the gulf of mexico. so far the obama administration has not acted on the application. but environmental groups say that it is signaling any decision now would go against them. >> transcanada has been saying every step of the way that this project was inevitable. here we have seven years later them essentially trying to pump
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the decision to the next presidential administration. what this is at mission of is political reality. they see a defeat coming. they see president obama rejecting this pipeline, and they're trying to do everything they can to forestall that. >> even if transcanada gets the delay. it may not work out in their favor if a certain former secretary of state is elected. hillary clinton recently said she opposed it. >> i don't think it's in the best interest of what we need to do to combat climate change. >> supporters of the project say that the obama administration is trying to kill keystone xl through inaction, but it now appears that the project's fate is as much on the shoulders of transcanada itself thanks for its push for a delay. >> the french president is in china seeking support for a global climate deal to an up coming summit in paris.
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the leaders have stressed they recognize their global responsibility to address climate change. china is the world's largest carbon emitter making beijing central to any successful agreement. >> the climate is the biggest question facing us all. it will determine peace in the coming decades. it will equally decide the quality of life and even life. we would like president xi jinping and myself to be able to make a declaration ahead of the up coming paris summit. this will commit both our countries to a deal. we'll see the foundation of an agreement in paris. >> well, the chinese capital of beijing is one of the most polluted city notice world. but it's air is only as half as toxic of new delhi. it is the now the now most polluted city. >> most of the commercial trucks entering india's capital are
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carrying goods destined for other states. according to several studies these trucks are responsible for a third of new delhi's air pollution. smoggy haze can be seen this time of year in a city already rated one of the most polluted in the world with the highest concentration of small airborne particles according to the world health organization. since most of these trucks go through the city simply to avoid paying tolls outside the country's supreme court has imposed a green tax on all commercial trucks as a way to cap pollution but there has been problems in collecting that tax as private operators say they're not in a position to forcebly collect the tax from the truck drivers. many environmentalizes say having cleaner fuels throughout the country is a much more effective method as the green tax moves the pollution outside of the city. in the long term could increase
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pollution if drivers are forced to drive longer distances around the city. >> staying in india. an uber driver was jailed for life for raping a passenger. prosecutors say the sentence will send out a strong message after a series of high profile rape attacks in recent years. news just in from asia the taiwanese president will meet with his chinese counterpart on saturday, the first meeting between the two countries since 1949. the surprise talks were announced on tuesday by taiwan in what is the latest sign of thawing relations between the two countries. beijing considers taiwan part of its territory. 12 vehicles have entered china and several more expected to arrive on tuesday. they still have not reached nepal after a month after
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protesters started blocking a major highway who are unhappy with nepal's new constitution, which they say reduces their political representation. now 500 million players across the world it is one of the most successful online games. now candy crush is set to be sold for a record amount. gaming giant, the company behind call of duty.and world of war craft.will buy candy crush. it will create one of the world's largest entertainment networks. online retail giant amazon has opened its first physical bookstore in settle, washington. dozens of people from queued up outside ahead of the opening on tuesday. the shop will stock the most popular books on its website and will sell amazon-brand electronics. al jazeera's allen schauffler was there.
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he sends us this update. >> it was rumored for quite some time. but here it is, the brick and mortar amazon books. it seems counter into if i hav counter intuitive. they're going have 5,000 different titles on display at any time here. that's actually quite few for a bookstore this size. some minor differences. all the books are turned face out. you won't have to look at light on yoga this way. you'll be able to look at it that way and every other book. you won't find price tags. you bring it over. stick it under the barcode scanner. there go, it's the same price as if you bought it online today. there will be reviews and you might find a note from the amazon founder under one of these books. why seattle? well, amazon tells us they know
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that this is a literate, book-buying, book-loving town, and they have plenty of data to prove that. is this going to be their only store? they say probably not. ♪ commited by evil persons. they are committed by people who say "they are protecting their own communities". >> under his direction, the first permanent international legal body sought justice for some of the most serious atrocities of this century. the icc presented charges against world leaders and others for crimes against humanity. >> we are breaking the cycle of