tv Weekend News Al Jazeera November 8, 2015 9:00am-9:31am EST
>> india's ruling party misses a election to push through national reforms. >> folks are being counted in myanmar's first election. this is the moment opposition leader cast her ballot. her party won the election in 1990, but the military back then overruled the vote and put her under house arrest for 15 years where she's printed from becoming president. the military government handed power to a semi civilian government. the army still dominates politics after decades of power. parliament seats are reserved for military appointees and the parliament chooses the
president. al jazeera has three teams in myanmar. many rohingya muslims have been killed in violence. first up, here's scott with the latest. >> the end of historic day here in myanmar, end of polling for this general election. it seems to have gone smoothly, no reports of violence, no reports of any kind of inconsistencies, election monitors from both local and international organizations had fanned out across the country and so far, there have been no mention of any kind of wrongdoing or any suspicious activities at these 40,000 polling centers across the country. enough, the n.l.b., the opposition party, headquarters here, people started to gather
couple of hours after polling closed to show support. they gathered in front of the headquarters but were told to go home and wait for the results. we take a look at how the day unfolded. >> before daybreak, and before polling stations opened, voters were patiently waiting their turn for a chance to vote for the government they want. >> it's for next generation, time for real change. that's what we're hoping for and hopefully, that will bring good changes. >> this day, we can make a change for the future, for the brighter future for our country. >> for nearly 50 years, a military government rules this country until handing over power four years ago. since then, the union solidarity and development party, mostly former military officers, has been in charge. the woman seen by many as most able to bring change to myanmar is opposition leader.
she was still under house arrest when the last general election was held, a process largely considered fraudulent by the international community. >> this election is seen as more legitimate compared with the election five years ago, the national league for democracy is taking part. international observers have been allowed in. people who didn't vote in 2010 are turning up to cast ballots. >> it is a first for myanmar to invite international observation. this is very positive. it increases the transparency of the process and our observers are now doing their work and we hope that this transparency will be displayed through the counting process and announcement of the results. >> there will be no polling in seven townships and hundreds of violation because of security concerns following fighting between armed ethnic armies and government soldiers. hold earls of temporary identity
cards who voted in the last election won't be allowed to this time. the move affects more than a million rohingya, the mug limb minority in western rekind state, who are discriminated against and unrecognized by the government. whatever the outcome of the vote, the military place a part in government, because the constitution guarantees a quarter of its seats in parliament. despite the flaws, this is a step forward for the fledgling democracy in myanmar. >> wane hey is at a camp for displaced people. >> there is no celebration of myanmar's developing democracy here. in these camps around the state capital, there are around 100,000 people, most of them rohingya muslims, largely viewed at illegal immigrants despite the fact most of them have been
here for generations. their rights have been stripped away. they used to be able to vote in elections, not this time, that right has been taken by the government. >> i was hoping to be able to vote, but now i can't. our lives are so difficult right now. >> i'm very sad that i can't vote, but i hope that after the election, the rohingya people will be recognized. that's my one wish. >> outside these camps, people have been able to volt at normal. one of the leading candidates for the main buddhist party in the state isn't offering much hope for the people here. >> we have a citizenship law and can live with those compatible with that law, but can't live with newcomers. >> people have some hope, but so far, she's refused to speak out in support of them. >> a memorial service has been held in st. petersburg for the victims of last week's lean crash in egypt.
♪ people commemorated the 224 who died when the metro jet aircraft came down shortly after takeoff from sharm el-sheikh. there was a noise on the com pit recording before the crash, raising suspicion. >> 224 times for 224 victims, this religious service in one of the largest christian cathedral in the world fits into the russian orthodox tradition of holding a memorial on the ninth day. we've heard hymns, songs and prayers expressing sorrow and grief for all who died in the aircraft. grief, but we have not seen much in the way of anger or blame. russian are watching their t.v. channels, by and large controlled by the kremlin and
these channels and newspapers, as well, are saying that this is still an open case. it hasn't been decided one way or another what caused the plane crash. russians are no stranger to air crashes. this is a country with an air safety record far worse than it is in the rest of europe. there have been some 20 fatal air crashes here in the last 20 years. it's also no stranger to attacks from armed groups, if you can think of the theater siege and plenty of attacks by armed groups in the last two decades, as well. as i read very recently, russia it seems is a country that is always in a state of emergency. >> the unidentified gunman killed people at a bar in nigeria. there are fears now the ultimatum to turn in weapons may
push burundi to a civil war. >> sporadic fighting between supporters and opponents led to ongoing battles. around 200 people have been killed. >> at least 13 people are said to have died in the past week alone. may not have been found in opposition strongholds in the capital and people are frightened. >> we just lost loved ones. they have been savagely killed. we want justice and want to know the truth. we also want to know the reason for these hateful crimes. that's all we ask for. >> we are very scared of what is to come. we see our neighbors fleeing and we also decided to leave. >> an international journalist spoke to us. we are not naming him for his own safety. >> it's terror at random.
last night, a bar was attacked, five guys in police uniforms ordered the people sitting outside to get inside, then to kill them. this is happening every day nearly or every couple of days. a couple of days ago, another bar was attacked in another very popular area. it's terror, so people are very much afraid. people are fleeing the city. people are fleeing the suburbs. nobody knows exactly what is going to happen and people are very, very scared and it's very difficult to work here, because they don't want any witnesses. opposition groups in the country, they are not, you know, verbally present anymore. most of them are outside the country. you have the burundien press shut down. it's become impossible to cover. also the foreign press has been banned. >> chadian troops returned home from fighting boko haram in cameroon. the battle against the armed group is far from over.
aid agencies warned people are being forced out of their homes in chad basin. >> government leaders in chad are calling it a triumphant return. chadian soldiers are coming home off the fight be boko haram in neighboring cameroon. >> the mission you've concluded was historic. it not only stopped the advance of the enemy, but a gave us the tent to support our president in cameroon who came under serious attack by the group. >> the military mission against boko haram is almost done. thanks god. today we feel happy. we came to support them, tanking them for accomplishing the mission. >> government leaders say the mission is not over and they've handed control over to a regional force. 5,000 people were sent to support in january. they stopped the advance of boko
haram fighters in the local chad area, but they remain a threat. in june, a multi-nation task force was formed. troops from nigeria, chad, cameroon, niger are expected to be more effective. boko haram has attacked chad multiple times after its troops were sent to cameroon. dozens of chadian soldiers have been killed or injured in the offensive. thousands have been killed and tens of thousand us forced from their homes. the u.n. is warning about the displacement of more people from the lake chad basin. attacks from boko haram fighters have become less frequent but haven't stopped in niger. >> anybody who has seen these horrible things must be afraid. >> i can no longer go hunting, because i might bump into boko haram in the forest and get killed, so we have to rely on farming. we only farm around the house so that in case we see them coming, we can quickly get together and
defend ourselves or run top safety. >> fear of boko haram remains in places where they have been pushed back. for now, that fear seems to have been replaced by triumph. al jazeera. >> still to come here on al jazeera, too scared to be home, south sudanese in kenya say a refugee camp is a much safer option. >> we meet the school girl trying to give disadvantaged kids a better education.
>> welcome back. let's recap the headlines here on al jazeera now. votes are being counted in myanmar's first openly contested election. the national league for democracy party is expected to win, but the constitution bars it from becoming president. turnout was at 80%. >> a memorial service held in st. petersburg for the victims of last week's russian airline that crashed in egypt. all 224 onboard the flight died when the plane crashed shortly after takeoff from sharm el-sheikh. >> in burundi, an unidentified gunman killed people at a bar. the army is carrying out searches for illegal weapons. >> in the west bank, there have been three attacks and at least one dead after shot by the
israeli police. >> the first incident happened in the centrifuge, according to israeli police, a palestinian man rapidly his car into a group and was shot dead. we had another incident that was caught on camera, the woman attempting to stab a security officer outside a settlement. the video shows her talking to the security official after she handed him her i.d. and then pulling out a knife from her handbag and attempting to stab him. she's been shot, according to what we are being told, she is still alive. we've had another incident close to nablas, an israeli man saying two palestinians stabbed him. there is on ongoing search for the attackers.
this violence has moved to the best bank and is becoming a daily occurrence. specifically what we're seeing is that usually these incidents happen around hebron, the majority. what we're seeing sunday is that three attacks not at all near hebron, no in the north and one near bethlehem. this happens before the prime minister meets with barack obama on monday. whatever they'll be discussing, we know he is coming with a plan to try and appease what we're hearing from the west bank. it's difficult to see whatever is discussed there will translate to the ground here, which remains an incredibly tense situation. >> an explosion in the iraqi capital killed seven. it happened in a neighborhood of baghdad. it is unclear whether it was a roadside bomb or car bomb.
23 others were wounded. >> india's ruling party has conceded defeat in state elections. it's one of india's poorest and most problem lass state. it was able to win just 60 seats in the state assembly. the election was made a priority for the party, holding at least 30 campaign rallies. the government may struggle to push through key national reforms. >> political analyst says the popularity is declining. >> there are no obvious challenges asking to take responsibility for the defeat. that's not going to happen. the party will be doubtful about
the ability to win. now they're back in the game having won. they will feel there is a state there, they can form proper alliances and challenge the bmp and their attention diverted toward making political gains. as far as economic reforms are concerned, it doesn't mean they will accept the reform agenda, they will modify it, but they will not stop economic growth.
>> taking part in the first parliamentary election since joining the e.u.2 years ago. the refugee crisis in europe is a key election issue. more than 330,000 people have passed through croatia in the past two months. many are syrians trying to get to germany. >> in kenya, refugees are a big burden, 90,000 people from south sudan are living in one refugee camp, and most want to return home. they've escaped fighting between rebels in the government and they are sometime not convinced it's safe. malcolm web has more from the camp in northern kenya. >> when soldiers attacked the village in south sudan last year, she didn't know which side they were fighting for. now she lives with her children in this refugee camp. during the firefight, she was shot in the neck.
doctors here were able to remove the bullet. despite a recent peace agreement, she doesn't want to go back. >> south sudan is not ok. i say this because i saw my husband, my co wife and one of my children killed in that war, so i do not have any hope of going back. >> the refugee settlement is her momentum. she is among 90,000 living here. most arrived in the last conflict which began in 2013. following months of stalled attacks and growing international pressure, a peace deal was signed in august. refugees here don't have confidence in it. shdon't even know it was signed and as of yet, nobody is planning the journey back. >> most of the air, it's very dry here. there were dust storms and no rain. the camp managers could only turn on the water taps for a
couple of hours each day. in the rainy season, it tends to flood a lot. puddles spread ma rather i can't and other infectious diseases. it's a better life and safer one than if they go back home. >> tens of thousands of people came during sudan's civil war in the 1980's and 1990's. a peace deal in woman five led to independence for sudan. it was a sign of hope. most of the refugees went home. hopes faded when factional fighting took over the nation two years ago. civilians bore the brunt of it. these men lived through generations of conflict, as elders, their views lead the rest of the community and they are not optimistic. >> if it truly is peaceful, we'll go home, but i have seen it before. we went home once before. if fighting erupts again, we
will have to come back here and we will still be stuck in the camp or have to request resettlement in another country, so we don't have hope of going home. >> basketball is a favorite sport in south sudan. here the refugees have formed a league. back home, ethnic groups have been pitted against each other in battle for decades. in the camp, teams from different communities play each other. for most, this is where they see their future. malcolm webb, al jazeera, kenya. >> sunday marks two years since one of the most powerful storms on record made landfall in the fill leans. typhoon high you know killed thousands and displaced millions more. we return to the city to see how people are coping. >> here she says is where she nurtured her four children for many years until tie alone haiyan swept it away.
politicians promised her a new home. she is still waiting. >> where will we be? where will we end up now? will we have a home? we always have to fight from local governments down to community leaders. >> at least 6,000 people were killed and millions more displaced. president aquino earlier budgeted $3.9 billion in u.s. funds for recovery efforts. at least 21,000 homes needed to be rebuilt here, but two years on, only around 500 houses are complete. thousands of people here remain jobless. others are grateful groups have stayed on to help them. >> the recovery for survivors is considered one of the biggest steps for aquino's presidency. thousands of survivors wrote to him several weeks ago.
>> election season has begun, and some survivors say they worry that their stories will be used to further political ambitions here. no flowery speeches, two years on, thousands are living in makeshift shelters with no electricity and running water. >> both national and local government agencies put the blame on each other. relief efforts have been marred by politics from the very beginning. >> my husband has been doing his best and i believe a lot of it has been done, but we can also do more. >> here in this mass grave is where hundreds of unidentified bodies were bushed in haste by the government. families desperate for closure marking crosses for their loved ones hoping that even in death,
they are given dignity. two years on, this mass grave has deteriorated, parts removed to make way for reconstruction. for many, this is a grim resting place for loved ones who's stories have already been forgotten. al jazeera, southern philippines. >> afghan teenager goes to school northerns and runs her own school in the afternoons. now, her work is being recognized. she is nominated for the children's international peace prize set to be awarded on monday. jennifer glass melt her in kabul. >> she is teaching the alphabet to children who might never have learned to read. she says knowledge removes obstacles and she would know. at first, parents didn't want to send their children to her makeshift school here in kabul. >> i talked with their families.
any chance i could get, sometimes by the water pump or wherever i saw them, i would talk to them. they liked me and so they let their children come to school. >> that was four ears ago, aziza has been teaching them since she was 10 years old. she advocates with officials. they live in this refugee camp. many can't go to government schools because they don't have official i.d.'s. others missed out because they had to spend so much time getting water for their families. a.m. ziza got water pumped in and got them into schools. her father defied her neighbors and relatives to send her to school. >> i was not educated and my other children weren't educated, she was the only one who was interested, so i let her study. i gave her books and all the financial support that i could afford. >> but that wasn't much, so she had to work selling street food. she also got support from a
charity that teaches which is circus skills, something else she shares with the children. >> aziza was born here in one of the poorest neighborhoods in kabul. her house has no indoor plumbing or running water. she has big groups. she hopes every day every child in afghanistan will have an education. >> she is nominated for an international appeals prize that could get her an education grant and over$100,000 to fund her projects. she says winning would go a long way to helping her school become a model for the rest of the country. >> i didn't know about this award. i've been helping the kids for four years. i'm very happy to be nominated. my words are more valuable now. i want to share my message with everyone. >> the nomination has brought her some attention. if she wins, her voice maybe heard by a wider audience. two years ago, another girl championing education won the prize, pakistan's malala