thousands of afghans protest calling for greater security after the killings of members of an ethnic minority. also coming up on the program, the syrian army says it has ended a two year siege of an air base by rebel groups. head to head u.s. presidential hopefuls square off in their fourth debate. chinese website alibaba breaks records in a multi billion
dollar sale. thousands of demonstrates have gathered outside the presidential palace is the afghan capital. they're protesting of the seven be headings. what more do you have for us on this? >> reporter: the demonstration has been going on for about five hours now. they marched across the capital to the gates of the presidential palace carrying the bodies of those seven people who were killed, including two women and a nine-year-old girl. they are calling for the resignation of the president. they say they want unity and justice and they say they will stay outside the gates of the palace until something is done about their demands. they accused the palace of
failing to do anything about the crimes and they're incensed about the latest killing. these people were abducted several months ago. the people say they should have prevented their murders, the latest in a series of abductions from the hazara shias here how does this attack fit in with the context of the violence that we have been seeing in afghanistan. >> reporter: seven people were beheaded. they included women and children and that has ignore natured the anger of the afghan people who feel like the government is not doing much about their security. that is a big refrain that we're hearing from all over the country. it's just not hazara who are protesting today. it's members of all different communities, from the north, from around the country really in solid areity with these
people. it was a brutal killing. there have been a number of abductions of hazaras on the main roads. people are feeling vulnerable right now and they're demanding that the government does something about security. it has been a difficult year in terms of security here. october was the dead leeliyest month, according to the government, and in september the taliban took over the city, the first time since they fell from power in 2001. there has opinion fighting around the country, the afghan security force is taking losses. the afghan people are feeling concerned. record numbers of them are leaving the country. they're the second largest group of refugees arriving in europe. afghans are feeling brothered about their own personal safety thank you for that. syrian government forces have broken a long siege of the air base in the north.
it is the first gain since russia launched its air strike campaign. the kweires had been surrounded by rebels and then i.s.i.l. fighters for two years. there are pictures of the aftermath of the offence. hundreds of soldiers have been relieved. dozens of i.s.i.l. fighters have been killed. hezbollah also took part in the operation. this is a significant development. >> reporter: yes. a significant development, a significant gain, a strategic gain, in fact, because this facility in northern syria has strategic value. there was fighting for a number of days. the advancing forces managed to break the siege. the air base was be sieged for over two years. nothe government has a base which it can use as a forward operating position.
it actually puts the government and its allies in a better position to launch offensives in and around aleppo against opposition forces. it is now also able to bring in military reinforcements air lift these military reinforcements. they no longer have to rely on the land routes which is quite difficult. so a strategic gain, a victim tea. there is a war with many fronts in syria and there has been little success on other fronts. the syrian government and its allies on the ground launched musculo-ligamentous pea offensives in northern syria. little gains have been made on those fronts meanwhile, all the while the diplomacy continues, and apparently in russian russian paperwork has been leaked at the u.n. >> reporter: well, yes. there were reports of a russian document on how to deal with the syrian crisis.
we heard the russian deputy foreign minister say this is not a document, these are just some ideas we would like to discuss. they would be up for discussion. really playing down that this is russia's position, but some of those ideas involve largeing a constitutional reform process in syria which will lead to elections. according to the documents president bashar al-assad will not be chairing this forum process, but he will be able to run for re-election. now, will this be accepted by assad's opponents and will it be accepted by iran? really there will be hard bargaining ahead. vienna is scheduled for saturday. world leaders will sit down and talk, but there are sticking points. they need to agree on who are the opposition candidates, who will represent the opposition in future peace talks, who do they consider terrorist organisations. so there are a lot of
disagreements, especially on the fate of the president bashar al-assad, but undoubtedly, there is a momentum. for the first time since the conflict started, we are actually seeing russia, america, iran and saudi, the main packing sides in syria sitting down and talking to each other thank you very much indeed. as the blood shed continues in syria, as i say, the diplomacy continues and the u.n. envoy to syria is urging world powers to build on efforts. >> reporter: the back and forth between government and opposition forces continues just gays before international players gather in vienna to talk about political solution for serious four year war. at the u.n. battle lines are drawn too, but it is said this time the talks could be different. >> my message was one word:
momentum. the momentum in vienna needs to not be missed. it is - think about a few months ago where we were when, in fact, we didn't ever dream to have russia and federation in the american sitting and heading the same table, and on one side having saudi arabia and iran and the other countries. >> reporter: opposition forces showing the government controlled city of latakia are backed by the united states and saudi arabia. they say president bashar al-assad must go for political solution to be achieved. with the syrian military claiming advances on the battle field, its russian and other ally say the focus should be on defeating i.s.i.l. >> translation: the national syrian army in many locations has major losses on terrorist groups and their sponsors. despite the breaking of the siege on them, the airport counter accounts has been for
two and a half years. control of the airport is an important step in a fight to take control over the larger reason. >> reporter: assad's future should be determined in an leche. resolving the issue of president bashar al-assad's rule in the government and which groups should be included in the opposition won't be easy for world powers. russia has submitted a proposal calling for up to 18 months for constitutional reforms, followed by elections, but that proposal doesn't rule out bashar al-assad's participation. one thing all sides share is a desire to stablise the country. given the ongoing division on this issue, can you foresee anything concrete coming out of this meeting this weekend? >> we want now meetings to also bring some deliverable to the syrian people, and one of them should be reduction of violence. in other words, some type of form of reduction of the conflict. i hope something in that treks can be-- direction can be
achieved. gentleman with a quarter million people called and a quarter million displaced no doubt the syrian people want that too turkey says that the that the coalition fighting against i.s.i.l. is warming up to the idea of forming a safe zone in syria. the turkish president made the announcement ahead of talks with g20 leaders in turkey. he added that he saw positive developments on the setting up of a no fly zone. u.s. presidential hopefuls have held their fourth debate this time focussing on the economy and government spending. billion air donald trump plan to export many immigrants came under attack from rivals. here is alan fisher. >> reporter: protests to the candidates in milwaukee. in the debate haul one dominant subject. the economy. would can'ted date support raising the minimum wage to $15.
from marco rubio, no question, no hesitation, a resounding no. >> if you raise the minimum wage, you will make people more expensive than a machine and that means all this automation replacing jobs and people right now will be certaintied. make america the best place in the world to start a business or expand a business. tax reform and regularity reform, bring our debt under control. fully utilise our energy sources. >> reporter: when it came to cutting america's debt, each candidate praised their own tax plan. john kasich a demand to be realistic. >> we hear a lot of promises in this debate, a lot of promises about these tax cuts or tax schemes sometimes that i call them t hilary and the democrats everything on the spending side. we've got to be responsible about what we propose on the tax side. yes, lower taxes, lower spending. >> reporter: one of the hottest exchanges came discussing immigration. donald trump wants to deport 11
million undocumented migrants. jed bush says even having the discussion sends the wrong message. >> even having this conversation sends a powerful signal. they're doing high fives in the clinton campaign right now when they hear this. that's the problem with this. we have to win the presidency and the way to do that is the practical plans. lay them out there. what we need to do is allow people to earn legal status where they pay a fine, where they work, where they don't commit crimes, where they learn english and over an extended period of time they earn legal status. that's the proper path. >> reporter: this a night where donald trump wasn't the dominant voice where ben carson struggled on detail on financial and foreign policy. where almost everyone on stage attacked hillary clinton. this was a more substantive debate where strengths were highlied and weaknesses exposed but some will have personalities that will carry them through this, but this was a night that changed the face of the
republican race plenty more still to come here, including france says there has opinion progress towards a deal on climate change ahead of crucial talks later this month, plus. >> i'm at the camp on lesbos outside the first of many hot spot registration centers designed to speed up the registration process for refugees once they arrive in europe.
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gathered in front of the presidential palace in the afghan capital. they're protesting against the beheadings of seven members of the community near the border with pakistan. government forces have broken a siege of an air base in northern syria which has been under attack for nearly two years, first by rebels and then i.s.i.l. the u.s. economy has dominated the fourth republican debate in milwaukee while less aggressive than previous show downs, donald trump rivals for into his plans to deport millions of undocumented immigrants. the head of russia's anti-doping laboratory at the center of a scandal has quit. the russian athletics federation is at the center of allegations that it's part of a state-backed doping program. >> reporter: this is the first russian head to have rolled in the wake of this doping scandal. he was the head of the moscow
anti-doping laboratory right at the center of the allegations contained in the w.a.d.a. report. so two things have now happened that were recommended in that report. the first is that he should lose his place at the head of this organisation. the second is that this laboratory should have been stripped of its accreditation by w.a.d.a. that has happened too. so things are now picking up pace and it's going to get faster still. there's a tight schedule going forward. on friday the ioof is having a meeting where it might be decided that russian athletes are not going to compete in future world competitions - i.a.a.f. then going into next week, the russian anti-doping agency must make its report back to the w.a.d.a. association in time for that organisation to have its executive committee meeting in colorado springs in the united states in myanmar aung san suu kyi
has called for talks with the country's military backed leaders, the opposition n.l.d. party continues to make gains. >> reporter: the n.l.d. continues its march towards parliament, continues its march towards a very big win in this election, one of the latest results to be announced by the union election commission not surprisingly that of the party leader aung san suu kyi who very comfortably won her seat in the town ship to the south. she was an incumbent mp in that seat. she won that seat in the bi election three years ago. so very much the n.l.d. on track to win more than two-thirds of the seats in both the upper and lower houses of parliament and that is what it needs to do to be able to form the next government on its own, remembering that the military is still guaranteed a quarter of all seats in parliament, but so far as those results slow filter out from the election commission, there seems to be an
overwhelming statement from the people of myanmar eight south african police officers are facing sentencing after being convicted of killing a taxi driver. the victim was tied to a police car abdomen dragged on the streets. the crime has shocked many. >> reporter: for most of their trial, the police officers hung their heads in shame. all eight were found guilty of murdering a man after he was stopped for a minor traffic violation. what followed shocked south africans. this internet video was seen around the world. officers handcuffed him to a vehicle and dragged him. the coroner said he was beaten and died. that was two years ago despite public outwage and many promises, the government and the police take similar killings seriously. another case has shocked south africans. a man was fired at. he was shot and kept while writhing on the footpath he was
shot again. his brother still can't believe he is dead >> translation: it is becoming more common. this isn't the first time. when police shot dead many striking minors. we are scared of the police. when you're laying down and you're not a threat, they should just arrest you. >> reporter: the independent police investigative director at monitors police action. the latest report shows in the last financial year 423 people were killed as a result of police action, a slight increase on the previous year. there were 145 cases of torture up 86%, but assault was down to 3711 cases. police expert says a lack of training, poor management and the overall high level of violence in south africa are to blame. >> there's a hardening, i think, of attitudes, both within the police service that sees everybody as against them, and then, of course, certain communities that have lost confidence in the police.
>> reporter: he only has his brother's id book as a memory. four police officers have been charged over the killing, but he wants compensation to port his brother's children. -- support. he is hoping that when the officers are sentenced, it will bring justice to the taxi driver's family and hope to his that police will also be held responsible for his brother's death nigeria is expected to get a new government today after more than five months of waiting. the president will swear in 36 nominees approved by parliament. since taking charge in may, he has been in sole charge of africa's leading economy. he has been criticised for delaying in forming his cabinet. he has appointed himself as oil minister. slovenia says it will build a fence with its border of croatia to stem the flow of refugees and migrants. he said it would be used to direct refugee flow rather than
stop it. he said border crossings would still remain open. nearly 170,000 migrants have crossed into slovenia since mid-october when hung is ary sealed its southern border. the greek immigration service has lodged a fast-track registration process for refugees. 540,000 refugees have landed on greek islands this year and as reporting from lesbos, it has put a huge strain on the immigration system. >> reporter: the wait has been long, but the journey has really only just begun. on lesbos refugees tired of borders find even more liness, ever more tents. >> there is not enough food, especially for kids, and also, as you know, the weather is cold during the night. >> reporter: he and his wife with three young children came from afghanistan. they've slept out here for two
days. the one saving grace he tells me is that when they were finally registered, the process was surprisingly simple. >> you just name, last name, father name, mother name and the date of birth, and the gender. >> reporter: officials tell us that at this facility that's no accident. >> yesterday 1300 people were screened here. so we are making an effort to put as many experts here, as many officers, with interpreters, so they can communicate with the migrants to speed up the process. >> reporter: with the u.n. expecting up to five thousand refugees arriving by boat from turkey every day for the next four months, greece is bursting at the seams. that is why hopes are so high this hot spot pilot program will help ease a burden that grows by the hour. that by questioning, screening and registering refugees all in
one facility, the flow will become more manageable for all those involved in this crisis. surrounded by no less than two wire fences, this is the hot spot registration center behind me. while we have repeatedly asked, we have yet to be given permission to film inside. although this structure looks imposing, every refugee we have spoken with today, be they from iraq, syria, or afghanistan, has told us that their treatment inside has been very humane. greek policeman, who is in charge of this registration facility, tells me its success or failure will hinge on the number of people arriving. >> translation: when three thousand or three thousand five hundred people arrive every day, we can with the recommending strayings points we have. but when the numbers increase to four thousand or more, we have many problems. >> reporter: organisers here hope this pilot project can be
replicated in other parts of europe to help speed up this process. even here, the wait to get in only seems to grow longer as the refugees feel for at least a few more days caged in a major meeting on climate change is set for the end of the month in paris. on tuesday the french foreign minister says some progress has been made in the talks before the meeting where negotiators try to agree on a blue print for a deal. reporting from paris. >> reporter: the goal of the climate summit in paris is to fix a limit for global warming. no more than two degrees celsius higher than temperatures before the industrial revolution. currently the planet is heading for a rise of about five degrees, and that would have catastrophic consequences, particularly for the world's most vulnerable communities. >> translation: an additional hundred million people risk falling into extreme poverty
between now and 2030 if there are not immediate efrlts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses. >> reporter: the u.s. secretary of state has spoken about the danger of climate change leading to conflict. >> we all need to ensure that we are taking steps to prevent competition, new competition, from leading to conflict. the bottom line is that the impacts of climate change can exacerbate resource competition, threaten livelihoods and increase the risk of instability and conflict. especially in places already undergoing economic, political and social stress. >> reporter: given the urgency of the problem, french officials are saying there's an absolute obligation to reach an agreement in paris next month. and as host of the summit, the french also have a lot of prestige at stake.
in order to reach a deal, individual countries have to commit to curb their emissions for burning fossil fuels. this is a big challenge as economies all over the world are still heavily reliant on coal. switching from fossil fuels to renewable energy is the goal, but that costs money. poorer countries want the developed world to give them financial help so that this ecan invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions. >> urgency means that we are coming to the last possibility to turn the emissions that have continued and still continue today to increase. we have to get them to the point where they turn the corner and beginning to decrease. >> reporter: so the message is clear. if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, global warming will pass the point of no return. the clock is ticking for world leaders to reach an agreement
and implement it. jack eau rolan debrox prosecutors in the u.s. have laid criminal charges in what has been labelled the biggest ever cyber hack of a financial institution. three men are accused of a number of fraud and cyber hacking schemes, including a serious attack against a finance giant jp morgan chase. they also allegedly made tens of millions of dollars on the stock market using stolen information. the world's biggest on line sales is on the way in china. alibaba broke its own record with more than one billion dollars of goods sold within the first eight minutes. november 11, also known as singles day in china was largeed by alibaba in 2009 to encourage retail therapy for sin els. it is the chinese equivalent of boxing day. the domestic retail market is still showing signs of health. >> it is holding up remarkably
well at the moment. the mine drivers of that are incomes are still rising in china, households are seeing their positions improve. these are factors which help. a singles day is an are eflecks of that. i think every country in china needs to be taking on line very seriously. it is important part of the market here. alibaba has a few disruptions in the market. we have seen that with the main retail chain operators. some of the large multinational operating in the space have been struggling this year as a result of that. there has been a response in the market and a lot of these countries are beefing up their online operations. so we're going towards a very competitive market online competitive space. that means the profit margins are quite thin in terms of these channels pictures coming to us.
this is heads of state arriving in latin america arab summit working on boosting trade there. we've heard from the saudi king who has noted the potential for further growth in two-way trade. more on that later. in the meantime, go to our website aljazeera.com for all the news we've been covering. >> we're driving to a crime scene in a suburb outside of columbia, south carolina... we've come because more women are killed by men here than any other state in the country...