fourth debate. the chinese website alibaba breaks records in a multi-billion dollar sale. thousands of demonstrators have gathered outside the presidential palace in the afghan capital. they're protesting against the beheadings of at least seven members of the minority hazara community very close to the border with pakistan. live to the correspondant. people calling for greater security. >> reporter: that's right. the government has just declared today an official day of mourning as thousands of protestors mashed across the city. they started earlier in the morning carrying the coffins of those dead hazara which carried
the bodies. all of those were beheaded. they have converged at the gates of the presidential palace. they are calling for better security. the anger is very palpable amongst the population. they say the government has failed to address crimes committed by the taliban. these people were abducted, held for several months and then killed. it was the latest in the series of abductions. the demonstrators are not just hazara, there are people from around the nations, from all the ethnic groups. they are protesting the government, angry with the government. they say they will stay there until their demands are met who is suspected of having carried out these latest beheadings? >> reporter: there's some debate about who carried them out. some believe it was i.s.i.l. or d.a.e.s.h., some say it may have been the taliban, but everybody
agrees no matter who did it, they're angry with the governments for failing to prevent it. partially because these people had been abducted months ago. the government should have freed them before they were murdered. so while the circumstances of their killings are quite murky because there's a lot of fighting going on in the area, basically everybody's anger is focused at the afghan government right now jennifer glass, thank you very much indeed. syrian government forces have broken a long siege of an extra at the jack air base in the north of the country. this is the first significant gain by government forces since russia launched its air strike campaign. the kweires base had been surrounded by rebels and i.s.i.l. fighters for nearly two years. >> reporter: a significant gain, a significant break through. in fact, a strategic gain as
well. why? because this facility in northern syria has value for the syrian government and its allies. we have to remember there was a siege for over two years. i.s.i.l. besieged this air base and the government really wasn't able to send in reinforcements by air, which made it really difficult. now they have a forward-operating position. the government and its allies are in a better position, in fact, to launch offences in and around aleppo against the opposition. so a strategic gain, a victory, they've won a battle. this has many front lines. a number of offences have been launched across northern syria says russian inter fiend in the conflict. there has been little success on the ground. the fighting continues, but diplomatic efforts are continuing. world powers are going to meet
in vienna on saturday for the second round of talks. there's still disagreements that they need to work on. decide on which groups on the ground are terrorist organisations. they need to reach a consensus. also they need to reach a con p census on what in the opposition will be representative in the future the united nation envoy to syria is urging world powers to build on efforts to end the four-year war. he has been briefing the u.n. security council. >> reporter: the back and forth between government and opposition forces continues just days before international players gather in vienna to talk about political solutions for serious war. at the u.n. battle lines are drawn too, but special envoys says this time the talks could be different. >> my message was one word. momentum. the momentum in vienna needs to
not be missed. it is - think about a few weeks, few months ago where we were. where, in fact, we didn't ever dream to have russia and federation in the american sitting and heading the same table, and on one side have saudi arabia and the other one iran plus all the countries. >> reporter: still, divisions remain. opposition forces showing the government controlled city of latakia is backed by the united states and saudi arabia. they say president bashar al-assad must go for a political solution to be achieved. with the syrian military claiming advances on the battle field, its russian and iranian allies say the focus should be on defeating i.s.i.l. >> translation: the national syrian army in many locations has inflicted major losses on terrorist groups and sponsors. the importance of this breaking the siege, the protectors of the airport is encountering terrorista to beings for more than three and a half year. gun control at airport is an
important step in the fight to take control of the larger region. >> reporter: assad's future will be decided. his role in the government and which groups should be included in the opposition won't be easy for world powers. russia has submitted a proposal calling for up to 18 months for constitutional reforms, followed by elections, but that proposal doesn't rule out assad's participation. one thing all sides share is a desire to stabilize the country. given the ongoing division on this issue, can you foresee anything concrete coming out of this meeting this weekend? >> we want now meetings to also bring some deliverables to the syrian people, and one of them should be reduction of violence. in other words, some type of form of reduction of the conflict. i hope something in that direction can be achieved. >> reporter: with a quarter million people killed and 11 million displaced, no doubt the
syrian people want that too. christian turkey has said that the u.s. f coalition fighting i.s.i.l. is now considering the idea of forming a safe zone in syria. the turkish president made the announcement ahead of g20 leaders which will held in turkey next week. u.s. presidential hopefuls have held their fourth debate, this time focusing on the economy and on government spending. the billionaire donald trump's plan to deport millions of undocumented immigrants came under attack from rivals. alan fisher was there. >> reporter: protest airs, candidates in milwaukee, covering many topics. in the debate haul, the subject economy. first question. would candidate support raising the minimum wage to $15. from marco rubio, no question,
no reservation. no. >> if you raise the wage, you will make people more expensive than machine. automation will be seriouslied. make america the best place in the world to start a business or expand an existing business. tax reform and regularity reform. bringing our debt under control. fully user our resources. >> reporter: when it came to cutting america agency debt each candidate praised their own tax plan. from john kasich, to be realistic. >> we hear promises in this debate about these tax cuts or tax schemes sometimes that i call them. hilary and the democrats proposalise everything on the-- promise everything on the spending side. we have to have lower taxes and lower spending. >> reporter: one of the hottest exchanges came with donald trump wanting to deport 11 million
undocumented migrants. jed bush says having the conversation is not good. >> they're doing high fives in the clinton campaign when they hear this. that's the problem with this. we have to win the presidency and the way to do that is that practical plans, lay them out there. what we need to do is allow people to earn legal status where they pay a fine, where they work, where they don't commit crimes, where they learn english and over an extended period of time they earn legal status. that's the proper path >> reporter: this was a night where donald trump wasn't the main voice. almost everyone on stage attacked hillary clinton. this was a more substantive debate where strengths were highlighted and weaknesses exposed, but some have personalities that will carry them through this. this was a night that may have changed the face of the republican race
they're protesting against the recent beheadings of seven members of the minority hazara community, close to the border of afghanistan. the government has declared a day of mourning. government forces have broken a siege of an air base in northern syria. it's the kweires base which has been under attack for two years, first by rebels and then by i.s.i.l. the u.s. economy has dominated the fourth republican debate in milwaukee. less aggressive than previous show downs, the front runner and billionaire donald trump rivals tore into his plan to deport undocumented my grant. sentence has been handed down in a case of eight south aftern police officers who are convicted of killing a taxi driver. live now and get the very latest from tania page who is there. this verdict has just come in. bringing us right up-to-date.
>> reporter: yes. exactly. there were gasps from the court as the sentence of 15 years in prisoner for each of the eight police officers were pronounced. the family has come over to this event. they have made this journey many times waiting for this result, one that they were longing for. also gasps of the families of the police officers. let me remind you about what happened. a man blocked a road. it was a minor traffic sigh legislation. he was stopped by a couple of police officers. he was arrogant, the judge said, was aggressive towards the police officers. they called for back up. when they arrived, he continued to resist arrest. they handcuffed him to the back of a police van and then the driver of that vehicle drove off
several hundred metres to a police station. now, if that weren't bad enough, and all of that was captured on mobile phone footage which went viral all over the world. after that, inside the police station, the pathologist and coroner says that the taxi driver, one who had been going about his daily business, already assaulted by police officers, was then subjected to a beating in that police cell in which he sustained injuries that killed him. he died of head injuries and internal bleeding. an arguing-- in arguing for their sentences, the defense said these were exemplary police officers up to this point. the situation got out of hand, out of control, they didn't mean for him to die. the judge said no, i believe the prosecution, they all should have known that their actions could have led to his death and the beating, particularly in the police cell, was bar baric and inskisable.
-- inexecutivable this lightlies the concern that many have about what appears to be brew at allity-- brutality used by police in terms of their methods. this is a case that really exemplified it. >> reporter: absolutely. this is one of several cases in the last two or three years that have really captured south african, shocked them, stunned the world and gone viral on the internet. i think it would be interesting to have seen what would have happened if that video hadn't had existed, but the power of social media, i think, helped in leading to the quicks. police brutality is on the rise in south africa. they killed 34 striking miners and only two weeks aborigining police officers shot dead a man who had fired a weapon at them, but nonetheless here was killed many believe in cold bloomed and those four police officers are before the court on friday,
again trying to get bail. this is a situation that leaves most south africans not to have a lot of faith in their police force. it means that the independence police director eight that looks-- directorate that looks into this, are saying there is a rise. they're pleased at the verdict and sentence. these police officers should be made an example of live there, thank you. u.n. peace keeper has been killed. the u.n. soldiers were confronted by rebels at a check point. it comes as the u.n. mission is trying to boost security ahead of elections due in des. the-- december. the country is hoping to welcome pope francis at the end of the month. in myanmar aung san suu kyi has called for talks with the country's military back leaders. she has now won her seat in
sunday's historic elections. her n.l.d. party continues to make big gains as wayne an explains >> reporter: the n.l.d. continues its march towards parliament, continues its march towards a very big win in this election, one of the latest results to be announced by the union election commission, not surprisingly of the party leader aung san suu kyi who won her seat in the town, south to the largest city. she was an incumbent mp in that seat. she won that seat in the bi election three years ago. so very much the n.l.d. on track to win more than two-thirds of the seats in both the upper and lower houses of parliament and that is what it needs to do to be able to form the next government on its own. remembering, that the military is still guaranteed a quarter of all seats in parliament, but so far as those results slowly filter out from the election commission, there seems to be an overwhelming statement from the
people of myanmar the head of the doping authority at the head of the scandal has resigned. it's part of a state-backed program it is said. more from moscow >> reporter: this is the first russian head to have rolled in the wake of this doping scandal. he was the head of the moscow anti-doping laboratory right at the center of the allegations contained in the w.a.d.a. report. so two things have now happened that were recommended in that report. the first is that he should lose his place at the head of this organisation. the second is that this laboratory should have been stripped of its accreditation by w.a.d.a. that has happened too. so things are now picking up pace. it's going to get faster still. there's a tight schedule going forward. on friday, the i.a.a.f. is having a meeting where it might well be decided that russian
athletes are not going to be allowed to compete in future world competitions. then going into next week, november 17, the russian anti-doping agency must make its report back to the world anti-doping association in time for that organisation that, w.a.d.a., to have its executive committee meeting in colorado springs in the united states the venezuelan president is in saudi arabia to stabilize the cost of crude oil. along with leaders from equador and alengineer i can't-- algeria are on a joint visit. oil prices have declined significantly causing difficulties for south americann exporters have a lack of oil revenue. a major meeting on climate change in set for the end of the month in paris on tuesday the french foreign minister said
some progress had been made in the talks before the meeting. negotiators tried to agree on a blue print for a deal. >> reporter: the goal of the climate summit in paris is to fix a limit for freebodyal warming. no more than two degrees celsius higher than temperatures before the industrial revolution. currently the planet is heading for a rise of about five degrees and that would have catastrophic consequences, particularly for the world's most vulnerable communities. >> translation: an additional hundred million people risk falling into extreme poverty between now and 2030 if there are not immediate efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses. >> reporter: and the u.s. secretary of state has spoken about the danger of climate change leading to conflict. >> we all need to ensure that we are taking steps to prevent
competition, new competition, from leading to conflict. the bottom line is that the impacts of climate change can exacerbate resource competition, threaten livelihoods and increase the risk of instability and conflict, especially in places already undergoing economic, political and social stress. >> reporter: given the urgency of the problem, french officials are saying there is an absolute obligation to reach an agreement in paris next month. and as host of the summit, the french also have a lot of prestige at stake. in order to reach a deal, individual countries have to commit to kerb their emissions from burning fossil fuels. this is a big challenge since economies all over the world are still heavily reliant on coal. switching from fossil fuels to renewable energy is the goal, but that costs money. poorer countries want the
developed world to give them financial help so that they can invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions. >> urgency means that we are coming to the last possibility to turn the emissions that have conned and still continue today to increase. we have to get them to the point where they turn the corner and begin to decrease. >> reporter: so the message is clear. if greenhouse gas emissions continues to rise, global warming will pass the point of no return. the clock is ticking for world leads to reach an agreement and implement it nigeria is finally getting a new cabinet after five months of waiting. the president is swearing in 36 nominees approved by parliament since taking charge in may, he has been in sole charge of africa's leading economy.
he has been criticised for the delay in forming his cabinet. he has appointed himself critically as the oil minister. joining us live from london, a political analyst. thank you for talking to us here. is this a case of the new president being overly cautious and thorough or is this a case of being indecisive and, perhaps, even ditherring? >> well, i think the answer to that question, really, depends on where you sit. i think for a lot of his supporters, they definitely this think that this was necessary and the delay was effectively a reflection of the rut the country has been in. i think people finds this incredibly frustrating. they probably will take it as an indication of a very indecisive president he has also moved within the last 24 hours to clear out some of the senior and civil servants, 17 permanent secretaries have been unceremony
usely sacked. what does that tell us? >> well, i mean, the decision is a little bit bizarre as someone who has observed nigh jeer engineer i can't-- nijgeria, the ministers were not meant to be put in place, the secretaries were competent enough to hold government in place and to keep effectively the machinery of the state going, and so to have them sacked now. i mean, it begs the question actually was the state or the country running effectively under these permanent secretaries that have now been sacked? i think that obviously raises a few eyebrows, but i think people will be happy that we're finally getting to the point there are ministers in place so people know where the point of responsibility is thank you very much indeed. the world's biggest online sales is currently underway in china. alibaba's 24 hour sale broke its own record with more than a billion dollars of goods sold
within the first eight minutes. adrian brown reports. >> reporter: he has been counting down the days to this moment. she is part of china's growing middle-class. >> i want to buy a couch, storage box, i want to buy some clothes for my daughter and a new handbag. >> reporter: the only time she goes out to shop is for fruit and vegetables. everything else is ordered online. especially today. >> they will give people discount. some stuff may be 50%. >> reporter: she is a customer of alibaba, the world's biggest online retailer which organised this shopping festival. shining a spotlight on this gala, reports in china's official media that up to 40% of goods sold online here last year were fakes or badly made. >> they have to crack down on fakes because, firstly, alibaba is a u.s. listed company. it's lifted on the new york stock exchange. it has to make sure it does not
appear on the notorious list which would mean a direct impact on the share price. >> reporter: alibaba's websites, sham goods are easy to spot. 150 bag, prizes for the real thing begin at $3,000. even cheaper, this bag with an louis vutton pattern selling for $5. alibaba is owned by jack mar, now being sued in the united states by the conglomerate that owns grchlt ucci and another. more than a billion and and a half dollars was spent within the first 12 minutes of this online festival. china's economy may be slowing, but consumption on wednesday, at least, appeared robust. online retail sales are up 40% on a year ago, but that jump in business appears to be at the expense of traditional retailers. this was one a pretty busy
shopping mall. it specializes in electrical goods. there appear for more staff than shoppers today. the reason for that, some say, is the growing threat from online shopping. for an economy losing speed, any growth is good right now. the question is, whether that rise in consumer spending is happening fast enough. adrian brown. al jazeera, beijing prosecutors in the u.s. has laid criminal charges in what has been the biggest ever cyber hack of a financial institution. three men are accused of a number of fraud and cyber hacking schemes, including a serious attack against finance giant jp morgan chase. they also allegedly made tens of millions of dollars on the stock mark market using stolen institution. a christian body in india has celebrated today. a group of bishops who organise
the event in a city. the program was organised to promote communal harmony after a serious of attacks on minorities across the country. the festival of light marks the beginning of the hindu new year. you can find about all the day's news on the al jazeera website. >> this is "techknow". a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wildfire. >> we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity, but we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science... >> oh! >> oh my god! >> by scientists. tonight: techknow's journey to the arctic. 13 days... subfreezing temperatures...