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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 11, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EST

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european and african leaders meet to see what they can do about the refugee crisis across the continent. you are watching al jazeera, i'm david foster, good to have your company. also coming up in the next 30 minutes. mass demonstrations in afghanistan's capitol after seven members of an ethnic community are killed. police in south africa are jailed for 15 years each for the murder of a taxi driver. nigeria's president finally forms a cabinet. we'll tell you why he's keeping
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a top job for himself. i want to buy storage box. i want to buy some clothes for my daughter, and a new handbag. >> online shoppers break all records on the biggest day of the chinese shopping calendar. ♪ leading european union officials on the mediterranean island of malta are meeting to talk about the refugee crisis as thousands continue to arrive in countries such as syria, and from africa. there's also a large number of people making the dangerous journey from places such as turkey, and africa too. and the african leaders are involved in these talks. let's take you through some of the latest developments. slovenia, here we see a razor wire fence on the border. the idea is to prevent uncontrolled entry of refugees.
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slovenia saying it is already overwhelmed by the number that have crossed into his territory. sere the serbian town thousands of refugees have spent hours couping up for registration papers. and the european council is expected to offer billions of euros to countries in exchange for help with the crisis. as you heard, slovenia has put up a bashed fence to keep control of the refugees. our correspondent has an update. >> reporter: they erected a fence earlier this morning, in two places, one of these this place. slovenia wants to close off the green borders will be keep receiving refugees through the legal border crossings. today they accepted about 5,000
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of them. in the coming days there will be more fences like this along the slovenian croatian border, because the prime minister is worried about the next big wave of refugees coming to the border in the next couple of days. so far slovenia has accepted and transferred to austria and germany, more than 181,000 refugees. >> the summit being held in the maltese capitol. lawrence lee is there for us. european union leaders, the teams there, what are they offering, specifically to the african countries? >> reporter: yes, they -- they are offering money to be blunt about it. clearly the main purpose of all of this from the point of view of the european union is to stop come peopling in such great numbers. they want far fewer people coming, because they say europe can't cope with the numbers.
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they are dealing with a million asylum claims at the moment. and they say it is far too much. obviously they will say they don't want anymore humanitarian crises, but they want to stop it happening. so rather than say we're going to block all of the entrance roots, they are trying to sweeten the pill a little by offering 2 billion euros initially to african countries. but underneath all of that is the much sharper end of this, which hasn't really been spelled out in terms yet, but which is going to involve much harder policing of internal borders inside africa to try to stop people getting to the sea route in the first place. that's the controversial end of it. and human rights groups are saying that are deeply concerned that europe is basically outsourcing its asylum policy to african countries some of whom don't have asylum policies of
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their own, and they are concerned about human rights abuses that this might bring. >> the african countries will welcome the money, but there must be other things they want the european union, perhaps to do to help them in different ways? >> reporter: yeah, clearly, david, two -- $2 billion spread around 30 african countries, given the gigantic problems they have, everybody knows it's nothing, and to sort out all of the gigantic problems with things like poverty reduction, people suffering the effects of war could take decades, but in the very short-term, clearly they are going to try to use it as a bargaining chip to get a little more out of the european union. they want an easier assistance to admittances to africans already in europe, better systems for africans to come and learn at universities in europe. but as well as that, we have
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already seen some mention this, they want a different source of economic balance between europe and africa, which allows of can economies to grow without things like the effects of globalization and very large corporations using africa for their own ends which place many africans into poverty and force them to leave. and i think by the engine engineer -- end of this, of african countries will be saying they are not prepared to help with the repatriations unless they can get something in return. >> thank you. that's lawrence lee there. ♪ the leaguer of afghanistan, the president has promised that he will find out who was responsible for the brutal killings of seven members of a minority community. he made his comments after protests by thousands of people outside of the presidential
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palace. jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> reporter: thousands of afghans marched through kabul in the largest demonstration seen in the capitol in recent times. they were protesting against the murder of seven people from the minority community. they have been held hostage for months and are suspected to have been killed by fighters loyal to either isil or the taliban. but people are saying it doesn't matter who did it. they blame the government for not providing security. >> translator: the irresponsible acts of the government that's the reason for the bloodshed. all people are here in a united front to demand justice for the bloodshed of these martyrs. >> reporter: the people seem particularly angry that a 9-year-old girl is among the dead, beheaded like the others. >> translator: we don't want justice for government. there is no government.
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we want people to standing up for their rights. we want justice for the blood of the girl. >> translator: how much longer will the blood will spilled? how much longer will the government ignore us? >> reporter: the demonstrators converged at the gates of the presidential palace calling for the resignation of the president and his chief executive. >> translator: we want justice and security. this government has destroyed the system. the country is asleep. there is no work. all you can see here is crime and killing. there is nothing else going on here. >> reporter: the government has declared an firm day of mourning, and has promised to launch an investigation as to why afghan forces failed to rescue the victims. when protesters tried to climb the wall to get into the presidential compound, police fired shots in the air to stop them. but this may send a strong message to the government that
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the people are frustrated by the lack of security and the weak economy, and they want their leaders to do something about it. eight police officers have each been given 15 years in jail in south africa for murdering a taxi driver. he was handcuffed to the back of a police car in 2013 and then dragged to a police station. the judge described it as barbaric. >> reporter: they were meant to protect, but instead they became killers. it wasn't long before the judge told them their fate. >> each of you are sentenced to 15 years in prisonment. >> reporter: this mobile phone footage was important evidence. it shows the officers handcuffing the man to their vehicle. he was dragged to the police station and beaten in a cell. all for blocking a road with his taxi. >> the family are distraught
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with the loss. because apart from him being the breadwinner of the family, he was also a family member. a son, husband, brother, father, and they have lost him, and unfortunately we can't bring him back. >> reporter: this is one of numerous cases of police brutality that have shocked south africans and the world. i seems there are some police officers who have a disregard for the lives of the people they are supposed to serve. police in johannesberg were caught killing another man. police say the man fired at them. the video shows how he was shot then kicked. while writhing on the footpath a police officer takes aim and shoots him again. four officers have been charged with his murder. in their defense, police say south africa is an especially
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dangerous place to work. >> i don't think there's a problem with the police. i think there's a problem with the -- with the society in south africa. you know, we are a very violent society. and i think that we need to tone down in society. >> reporter: but many say there is a big problem with the police. wider social issues must play a part, but at some point those who have been convicted only have themselves to blame. five months after taking office, nigeria's president unveiled finally his new cabinet. he swore in 36 ministers, appointing a former investment banker, and making himself oil minister. he said he wanted to ensure that all of the candidates were properly vetted as part of his election promise to tackle corruption and mismanagement. our correspondent sends us this from the nigerian capitol.
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>> reporter: the short list was announced some weeks ago. what nigerians were waiting to see and hear was which members which get which ministries. he did announce himself as minister of petroleum. he named an assistant to help him. there has been a lot of public certain about the level of corruption in the oil sector. and the people are not enjoying the proceeds of oil sales. we also saw during the inauguration a sense of huge reduction in the size and scale of government, and the cost of running government. 36 ministers were named, but it appears the ministries were reduced to 24. so we saw ministries like power, housing and works fall under one minister, and to cease to be three separate ministries.
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but there has been some criticism about the composition of the new cabinet. there are those who feel that women are not properly represented. 36 ministers were named but only 6 are people and 3 of them it appears are junior ministers. people say that is not right because more than half of the population are women. there has also been criticism of the average age of the mensteres it's reported around 57 is the average age when many of the people that voted him into power were 18 to 30 years old. people say this is not reflected in the new cabinet that has been announced. but supporters of the president say it's not about the number of women or the age of the ministers, it's about whether they are capable, whether they are professional, and whether they have integrity. now the hard work of governance begins. the fight against corruption and fighting insecurity in the
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northeast of the country is top of the agenda. now we head to southeast asia in just a moment. myanmar's president congratulating aung san suu kyi as a landslide victory looks certain. and why israel has described the new european union's labeling rule as discrimination. ♪ the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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and that's what we're doing at xfinity. we are challenging ourselves to improve every aspect of your experience. and this includes our commitment to being on time. every time. that's why if we're ever late for an appointment, we'll credit your account $20. it's our promise to you. we're doing everything we can to give you the best experience possible. because we should fit into your life. not the other way around.
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♪ hello again, slovenia has begun the construction of a rise or wire barrier on the border
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with croatia after more than 180,000 country entered the country since october. e.u. and african leaders are meeting right now to talk about the refugee crisis. thousands have marched on the presidential palace in afghanistan protesting about the killing of seven members of a minority community. and a court in south africa sentenced eight police to 15 years each in prison for murdering taxi cap driver who they dragged between a police car before they beat him in his cell. members of the syrian opposition says they are rejecting outright a russian draft proposal, which russia says could resolve the war. the plan includes early elections before bashar al-assad's term in 2021. inside syria, government forces have broken the long siege of a
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strategically important air base in the north of the country. zana hoda has more. >> reporter: this is a significant break through and a strategic gain. the siege of the military airport has now been broken. isil has been pushed back. the syrian government and its allies now have an air base in the north of the country. if the military is able to hold ground, it gives it a better position to support a planned offensive in and around aleppo city against opposition forces. they have won this battle, but the war has many fronts and the government and its allies have mounted multiple offenses across northern syria. and until now there has been little success. there has always been little success on the diplomatic front, but the u.n. special envoy says there is a momentum that shouldn't be missed. world and regional leaders are scheduled to hold another round of talks on saturday, but even
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before a u.n.-lead peace process can begin, the players need to agree on who will take part. the syrian government has long called its opponents terrorists. moscow has presented candidates it says it has talked to, and it is not just those friendly with russia, but finding common ground won't will easy. >> it will be very difficult to find representatives of the syrian conflict. another challenge is to find really someone or a party that could represent all of the different oppositions within the syrian opposition. >> reporter: russia has denied that it prepared a special document for syria, but says it has ideas for further discussion. one of those reportedly involves an 18-month constitutional reform process which won't be
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chaired by bashar al-assad. it's not clear whether iran is on board. b but the proposal also says that the president can take part in future elections, and that is unacceptable to the opposition, who wants a specific time frame for his departure. >> reporter: another point of contention is an agreement on who should be considered a terrorist in syria. for the first time, the u.s., russia, saudi arabia, and iran are sitting on the same table. clearly this is progress, but the hard bargaining has yet to start. israeli products which are sold in the european union are to be given labels which would show if they were made in settlements built on illegally occupied land. it would have to label goods that are produced on land which
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is illegally occupied under international law. israel's prime minister has branded the move hypocritical. but the e.u.'s ambassador to israel has defended the idea. >> the consumer has a right -- a right that's contained in the consumer legislation of the e.u. to know where the products that they are consuming originate from. we have no reason to believe that this will cause any kind of decline in the exportation of goods coming from those settlement-based factories, and therefore -- i mean, there is no reason to believe why any palestinians working there should be out -- out of a job. >> let's get more from hoda abdel hamid. >> reporter: the israeli government's reaction came quickly.
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a statement issued by the foreign ministry condemned the decision taken by the e.u. those israeli products that are made outside of the international recognized borders of the state of israel, so basically in the occupied territories, places like the west bank, east jerusalem, and the golan heights in the north. it does not fall under the free trade agreement simply because they are made in disputed territories. the goods in question are mainly fresh produce, milk, chicken, honey, eggs, sfresh vegetables, fresh fruits like dates, grapes, and the cosmetic industry. israel has a thriving one based around the dead sea, again, based in the occupied territories. from washington prime minister benjamin netenyahu also reacted.
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he said that the e.u. was applying double standards. that there are about 200 disputed territories around the world, and none were slammed by such a decision. he also warned it would be the palestinian workers that will be harmed the most, and that israel east economy will not be touched as much. many analysts here say that these exports from the occupied territories represent a tiny margin in the israeli economy, but individual manufacturers, individual farmers could be hardly hit. >> myanmar's opposition leader, aung san suu kyi has called for talks with the military leaders. partial election results are giving her 80% of seats in the lower house of parliament. wayne haye has more. >> reporter: the national league for democracy continues its march towards parliament, and towards a very big win in this election, one of the latest
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results to be announced by the union election commission, not surprisingly that of the party leader, aung san suu kyi who very comfortly won her seat in her city. she was an incumbent mp in that seat. she won that seat in the election three years ago. very much the nld on track to win more than two thirds of the seats in the upper and lower houses of parliament, and that's what it needs to do to be a able to form the next government on its own. the military is still guaranteed a quarter of all seats in parliament, but as those results slowly filter out, there seems to be an overwhelming statement from the people of myanmar. german authorities say they are expanding their investigation of vehicle emissions fraud beyond volkswagen. it says it will run tests on 23 german and foreign car makers suspected of manipulating
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emissions. all of this was triggered by volkswagen's admission that it had rigged its vehicles. russia's olympic committee says it will cooperate in the fight against doping, but says it is against state-proposed ban on all of its athletes. a report published on monday recommended that russia be suspended from world athletics, until it sorts out the drug issues. here is rory challands. he is in moscow. >> reporter: it's a case of bad weather, stock play with this meeting. the head of the different
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sporting organizations were supposed to be flying to sochi to meet with the president. but severe flooding in the area meant they had to be diverted to a different place. they have had their meeting, and the plan is, if weather permits, that will at some point in the next 24 hours, fly on to sochi and update the russian president. it is a busy week for russia in how it handles this crisis. on thursday the russian athletics foundation has to submit reply to the report regarding the doping scandal. the iaaf is having its own meeting on friday in which it might well decide that it is going to expel russia from future international athletics competitions. then into next week, there is the deadline for the russian
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anti-doping agency to submit its report to the world anti-doping agency, and the world anti-doping agency will have its executive committee meeting on the 17th and the 18th of november in colorado springs in the united states. court says facebook can't spy on what internet users are doing in belgium. they are accusing the social media site of monitoring everybody who accesses the site regardless of whether they have an contract or not. facebook has two days or it could be fined $270,000 a day. china's economy may be slowing down, but the country is breaking new growning on the biggest shopping day of the year there. alibaba set a new sales record. adrian brown has that story. >> reporter: this woman has been counting down the days to this moment. she is part of china's growing middle class. >> i want to buy couch. i want to buy storage box.
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i want to buy some clothes for my daughter, and a new handbag. >> reporter: the only time she goes out to shop is for fruit and vegetables. everything else is ordered online. especially today. >> they will give discount, some stuff maybe 50%. >> reporter: she is a customer of alibaba, the world's biggest online retailer which organized this shopping festival. but shining a spotlight, reports say -- china's official immediate say that 40% of the goods sold were fakes. >> it has to make sure it does not appear on the list which would mean direct impact on the share price. >> reporter: sham goods are easy to spot. a bag for $150, prices for the real thing, begin at around
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$3,000. even cheaper, this bag, with a patten, selling for just $15. alibaba is owned by the chinese entrepreneur, now being sued in the united states. alibaba says more than $1.5 billion was spent within the first 12 minutes of this online festival. china's economy may be slowing, but consumption on wednesday at least, appeared robust. online retail sales are up 40% on a year ago, but that jump in business appears to be at the expense of traditional retailers. this was once a pretty busy shopping mall. it specializes in electrical goods, but today there appear to be more staff than shoppers, and the reason for that say some of the retailers is the growing threat from online shopping. for an economy losing speed any growth is good right now, the
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question is whether that rise in consumer spending is happening fast enough. absolutely genuine on our website, aljazeera.com. all of the world's headlines and a great deal more. aljazeera.com. honoring the fallen, president obama lays a wreath at the tomb of the unknown, promising more help for returning service members. racial tension on campus. and denver, buried with snow, as a huge snow storm brings high winds and dangerous weather to the plains and the rockies. ♪

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