tv Weekend News Al Jazeera November 15, 2015 8:00pm-9:01pm EST
world together and i'm patricia in new york, the news continues with randall pinkston disturbing news about the worldwide hunt for the suspects in the paris attacks. hours after the shootings one was questioned by police, who then let him go. >> fighting back - the french military steps up air strikes on i.s.i.l.'s strongholds. >> an emotional church service for the fallen in france. in california, a memorial service for an american killed in the attacks, her mother talks about what might have been. >> she wanted to have a career and family. [ ♪ ] you're looking at pictures
of place de la republique, in the center of paris, candles light up the square in remembrance of the attack victims. i'm randall pinkston, it is 2am in paris. here is what we now know. the french president promised vengeance after the paris attacks. french forces are escalating air strikes against i.s.i.l. in syria. an international mann under under way for a suspect questioned by police, hours after the attack, and let go. president obama ordered all flags at half mast in honour of the 129 victims of the paris attacks. >> john terrett is in washington with more in response to the massacre. how much of an escalation does this represent? >> well, good evening. welcome to you. you have to remember that the french hitherto this point have been part of a 16-nation coalition, they are leading the
offensive against i.s.i.l. in syria. and i think the french tend to say what they mean, and mean what they say. you saw that on friday when the president francis hollande came out and said in no uncertain terms that the french would be ruthless in retaliation. and look at this, these are jets taking off from the gulf and jordan, for raqqa, the cal fate. they have two targets in mind and dropped 20 bombs when they got there. from the command center, a recruitment center, a munitions pump and training camp for fighters. the french foreign ministry described this as massive. nonetheless, many around the world think that this is clear retaliation for the now 132
people that lost their lives. >> the 329 that are injured. laurent is the french foreign minister would arriving is this retaliation? >> when france is not just threatened but attacked. >> they take the league or action. we have done it in the past. and done it again today. it is raqqa, the center of command of dash. so we can be attacked as you saw the drama that happened in paris. without being present and active. >> random, it is less than 48 hours since the attacks in paris and the jets taking off from the u.a.e. and jordan. the u.s. has been involved in an attack. is the u.s. providing additional assistance for the french?
>> yes, they are. ash carter, the defense secretary, as you know, spoke over the weekend to his french counterpart. they spoke today as well. and the idea is going forward, the americans share target information with the french. there's to be a closer coordination between the u.s. and the french when it comes to what they hope is a sustained attack in i.s.i.l., but they'll roll back the barriers that they think has been in place, which has stopped the free flow of information between the country and the coalition, note than that point, harr at, the israeli newspaper is reporting that several days ago, they let members of the somethingition know that i.s.i.l. called for an attack on coalition countries and iran and russia, with the words. saying you should go ahead with
bombings, assassinations and hostage takings, had that information been wide by disseminated, then it's possible that we might have been able to reduce some of the carnage. thank you john terrett in washington our special coverage continues, let's go to paris where john seigenthaler is at the place de la republique. >> welcome to paris. major development. we'll get to all of it. the vigil continues at place de la republique, a place where respects are betweening paid to civilians. there is tremendous tension. paris is a city on edge. the sound of fire crackers sparks scarce, including on this square where we are tonight, where officers arrive with drawn weapons. the crowd panicked. hundreds fled. a stampede of mourners.
some tripping over candles. it was a similar situation outside the restaurant. that was a target on friday. dana lewis is following the event in paris. >> a get away car driven by the attackers was found in monterey. inside kalashnikov rifles. leaving one or more. later police identified three brothers. one is salah abdeslam, who lived in belgium and is now the most wanted man in europe. his brother ibrahim died in the suicide attacks. and another was arrested in brussels, he may have helped with logistics. now french police admit they stopped salah abdeslam in a car in belgium and failed to detain him. people game to the streets by the thousands to express their
sorrow and understand that it was all true. dinors gunned down. bullet holes in blood. >> camilla shaken to the core, tells me she was coming to eat at the restaurant. at the last minute camilla decided to go into another restaurant. when it started, she and her sister ran for their lives. >> we had to run through the streets for 20 minutes, while we heard explosions from everywhere, and we heard other shots and ran the opposite direction, and then we were back, knocking trying to get them to pick us up. they didn't, we didn't know anybody. >> reporter: the targets were more specific than they seemed. cafes, bars and restaurants. this is a trendy area of paris, a lot of young people - the gunmen wanting to kill as many as they could in a short time and disrupt daily life. at the bataclan music hall this
video was taken as the band stopped playing and dove for cover as the slaughter started. using a finger from the remains of the suicide bombers french police identified ismail mostefai, a known extremist, a french citizen of algerian dissent. his relatives have been detained at the paris football stadium, with 80,000, including francis hollande, watched a france-germany game, experts believe the bombers arrived too late, detonating outside, after they couldn't get through security. >> we were extremely lucky, i think. there was a time issue, they arrived too late to bomb the people entering the stadium, which was the main target. trying to create chaos and collapse, which people inside and outside. >> reporter: the authorities know they need to unravel who else was involved in the
attacks. camilla says she finds comfort in coming back to what 48 hours ago she was running from in horror. dana lewis joins us with more. what do we know about the fugitive? >> we know he's a serious participant. he is considered dangerous, they warn people not to approach him. they want him badly, but yet he was able to escape. they know in the early hours, hours after the attack. they drove to the border with belgium. they were in a car. three others were in the car. he is stopped at that point, questioned by the french police, yet they didn't put two and two together. they had his name on the rental car. the people at the border didn't put it together, he got away, and now they want him back. we heard so much about the
syrian refugee, that may have had an passport that was an attacker. >> there's more on the passport. it is found behind the body of a suicide bomber. that two days ago. the greek government or yesterday, that they have seen a group of refugees. now there is additional information that the passport made its way through macedonia with asylum seekers and into serbia. whether the passport was passed on, they have a name, and it appears to belong to an sault ste marie on the move in soct. not long ago. thank you very much. >> there continues to be developments out of belgium were seven were arrested linked to
the attacks in paris. >> there's a joint pass pores. >> not just police, but also security services. looking at how this network, this terror network was able to gather enough ammunition and materials to launch this attack on friday night in paris. the attention is not just focussing on the one suspect that's been named as salah abdeslam, who is, as yet, undetected. he may be in paris, he may be in france and returned here. he has close connections and was born here. there's a large amount of effort directed at that. but also there is a clear reality that french and belgium investigators need to work closer together. all has been the subject of a high-profile meeting between the french and belgium ministers.
when they have the belgium counterpart on sunday, and they came out with a strong intention to work more closely together. >> we specially need to intensify our collaboration, those in belgium and contributing to the organization, most were not known to the french intelligence. the second point is subjects that have been on the agenda marked as urgent have not been dealt with quickly. with regards to the fight against terrorism, and subjects to the e.u. like migration, the time to make and implement decisions takes ages. we hear what is said, he said on saturday night that we can't accept this any longer.
we have to look at how to tackle the problem, how to eradicate it, once and for all. there's no lack of will. it may be difficult to carry out the desires. sheila joins us to talk more about the case. the big question tonight is what they knew and didn't know. >> there's big questions about what french intelligence knew. we heard from a number of officials in iraq, saying they told french government that there was an attack coming. the problem without the specifics of where, when, what time and day, it's difficult. although france is at the highest level. below the state of emergency. they did not have knowledge, and it's not just the french, we know the roots of the plot is in
belgium. seemingly that had no information about that. >> this reminds many people of 9/11. information that they knew or couldn't act on. >> is the suggestion that the french knew a lot more. i don't think the suggestion is there's hor information. we talked about pressure. there are 7,000 in this country under permanent police surveillance. >> what does that many? >> because of their ties to radical organizations or the belief that they have been radicalized, they might or do pose a threat. they move towards posing a threat. they are under basically a designation that said this person is essentially under surveillance. >> they watch and listen to the communications, they see who they are emailing or meeting with. in order to carry out
surveillance on 7,000 people, it's a massive task. >> and expensive, and requires manpower, technology and resources. it's very expensive, and very defensive. >> thank you, we'll talk later. >> randall, more from paris after this. >> thank you. coming up, the french tragedy changes the focus of the g20 summit in turkey. the i.s.i.l. effect next.
senior for all the victims of the attacks in paris. many coming here. 1,000 or more than that jamming into the room. an overflow crowd. people talking about a bright and bubbly young woman, how hard she was. how much of an impact on the people here. and we heard from dr carmen taylor, a vice president of student affairs that put this in context. some of the pains, some suffering. when she talked about an international event. a tragedy in paris, very personnel and local impact on the campus. >> the attacks in paris two days ago seem to confirm what many of us already know, that we live in an uncertainly world. the incident among us are at
risk when do nothing more than living our daily lives. that is all she was doing when she found herself in an act. violence that had nothing to do with her. still, it was an act that claimed the life. the life of a beautiful viable rant 23-year-old student higher at our -- here at our university. >> a speaker, a friend, said processing the pain in your own personal way. she wanted us to be successful, health and strong, and said don't forget to design some bad ass stuff in heaven, that's the sense on the campus. there's a commercial amount of sorrow and resolve. tears and good chuckles here tonight as they remember the young woman. back to you. >> there are so many thousands
in a country, it's so sad. they have ended up in tragedy leaders of the world's top 20 economies are in turkey for the summit. the attacks in paris are dominating the event. mike viqueira is in antalya with the police. >> the french president calls it an acts of war, officials in turkey agreed. there's talk of invoking article five of a treaty, providing for a common offense, if one member is attacked all members are attacked. the bottom line is there's no talk of u.s. combat troops on the ground in syria. >> in the wake of the paris attacks, there's one question that dominates the summit of world leaders. >> are you considering action against the islamic state after the paris attacks. >> do you think i'm going to do that in an answer now.
>> meeting with turkish president recep tayyip erdogan, president obama vowed to go after the ringleaders of the paris attack. >> we stand in solidarity with them in hunting down the perpetrators. french president called it an act of war. u.s. officials agree, and there's little doubt that i.s.i.l. is behind the carnage. as a member of n.a.t.o. france may invoke article five of the nato treaty, meaning an attack on one member is an attack on all. u.s. officials continues to move out the booth. to take the fight to i.s.i.l. the existing strategy will intensify with more air strikes and targetting of leaders. increasing support for i.s.i.l. forces, and there'll be more diplomacy. as leaders and aides mingled mr president obama sat with the russian counterpart vladimir putin, for a 35 minute session. both want to cooperate.
u.s. officials say russia is not really targetting i.s.i.l. instead they are targetting groups targetting the bashar al-assad regime, many backed by the u.s. and allies. after the downing in the sinai, and the paris attacks it's hoped the strategy will change. there was a pause for silence in honour of the paris victims, as top officials say there's no threat. >> we'll see if there are aspirations leading to plotting in the united states. >> in the wake of allegations that one of the attackers came across with a wave of syrian refugees, through the greek islands in where so many landed, it's become a political issue back in the white house, but the
officials travelling with the president said there'll be no change in policy, no reason for innocent victims of the syrian war to be victim iced again, and they'll continue the vetting process for syrian refugees that want to come and live in the united states some of the president's critics talk about hard power, saying the move to find a koiment p diplomatic -- diplomatic solution will not work against i.s.i.l. what does the administration say about not boots on the ground, but military action. >> the united states officials say they'll intensify what is happening, more of the same strategy, more of it. a problem is you may have noticed air strikes a few weeks back within syria continued against i.s.i.l., in syria they slackened. some wonder what is the issue, they are running out of tarts. that's -- targets.
that's part of problem. the diplomatic effort that took center stage, the second round of talks with sergey lavrov, his russian counterpart, john kerry, that's where the focus is. a break through is not expected in italia turkey, although the talks are crucial given the context and what happened over the course of the last 48 hours to three days, they are looking at turkey, hoping that russia will come around to the u.s. side. as we said in the piece a moment ago, the russians strikes haven't targeted i.s.i.l., and when president obama sat with the president, that was the big push. russia, the u.s., is sitting back and waiting on how to re-evaluate and recalculate after the charter jet was brought down over the sinai peninsula, that is a big hope, they are trying to bring the regional partners on board, invoking the ceasefire, moving to the next round of talks.
not everyone wants a ceasefire. that is the first step in the process thank you mike viqueira in italia, turkey the department of defense says that five guantanamo bay detainees will be travelled to the united arab emirates. officials do not pose a threat to the united states, the transfer coming as the u.s. takes steps to close guantanamo bay. the obare is considering moving detainees. there are worries within the muslim community in france. they are concerned about backlash. back to paris for that story. later, an indepth look at what the paris attacks tell us about the strength of i.s.i.l.
police hours after the attack, but let go. the french interior calling for an emergency summit to speed up security measures. joining us now is faisal, co-director of the liberty and at new york university center for justice. >> joining her is graham wood. you wrote an centring article some months ago. what does i.s.i.s. want. let start with that. must in a nutshell, what are they trying to achieve, and what do they do with the latest attack in paris. there's tension between what they are trying to achieve and mare goal. they are trying to create a state with the only proper muslim government. >> the caliphate. >> the caliphate which they believe all the muslims should
go to and serve. by attacking paris, it's the hallmark of a previous organization, hallmark al qaeda. it's not clear that foreign attacks will help them create a durable state. >> is there a question about whether i.s.i.l.'s leadership planned and authorized the attack or is there a group influenced by i.s.i.l., claiming to be in lock step with them, but not under their control. >> it's true, we know that i.s.i.l. took credit. they put out a statement saying they blessed the attack, and that soldiers of the caliphate perpetrated it. does that mean they are sent from i.s.i.l. territory, is this attack something that has been funded, planned from syria, or
something that freelancers have done - we don't at this point know. as you know, france launched an attack as we indicated on raqqa, the headquarters of the self-declared islamic state in syria. in your opinion, is that the right target or is it possible, as you indicated, that perhaps the french may be overreacting. >> i think, you know, france was involved in the war in syria, it's not surprising they'll continue to do that. if they go back at this time, it would go against the statements that francis hollande made in the wake of this attack. that said, i think the concern is really that we need to step back and make sure which know what the facts are, we don't know if it was inspired by i.s.i.s., or ordered by i.s.i.s., and it makes a difference when you try to
calibrate your response from a security perspective. sontly -- secondly a concern going forward is when a county faces this security threat, our instinct is to strike back and make these things better, but they go too far, which we saw after 9/11 when there was a round up of muslim many and a spike in hate crimes. >> what do you think will happen in france, how might the aftereffects of the paris attacks play out with the muslim community in france >> there's a rask. it happens that the muslim community is held responsible. there's 1.6 billion held
responsible for the acts of a few guys that claimed a caliphate. >> we know that the french keep 7,000 or so understand surveillance, and one of the attackers was known another may have been stopped and let go. a third was identified as a recent refugee coming in from syria, what does it say about the french intelligence. >> the french are aware that they have a population, that have contributed many people, thousands, to the islamic state. a large number migrated to syria. >> if they know they are going to the islamic state, why can't they stop them. >> it's difficult to stop people going across land borders, it's a fairly pope area of migration through continental europe. >> once they get to syria, can
you stop them? >> it's a largely unpoliced border. it shows they know they have a problem on their hands and are working hard to take care of it, it's a large enough problem that they'll have someone slipping through the cracks, and they will not be able to keep track of everyone at every time. >> we mentioned an attacker being a recent refugee. meanwhile, we have the exodus of people fellows north from the trouble spots. what do you think this means for europe's willingness, all of the countries of europe, to try to find a place for people looking for safety, for shelter. we are talking men, women and children. how does this - this apparent involvement of one refugee, impact the willingness to help? >> you know, i wouldn't jump to that conclusion yet. i don't think it has been established. it could be that one of these
attackers, or somebody that helped them came in with that population. >> europe has been really quite reluctant to take the refugees, there's a lot of anxious about having hoards of people coming in. some of it is legitimate, about how will we absorb the population, provide them with social services, how do we vet them. these are all normal things for a country to worry about. the problem is when you lump people who are fleeing terror with the people who are committing terror. and so it becomes this one mass of people, and it's easy to rejected legitimate -- rejected legitimate refugees because of something like this. and we have seen rhetoric coming out. here in the united states, it's not just a european problem. michigan was set to take a number of refugees, and they were going to put a halt to it and review with the department
of homeland security what the protocols were for security clearances, quite a broad problem. >> a closing thought. in one article that you wrote, that president obama buying statements that he made about the islamic state not being islamic, or being described as al qaeda's jv team. suggested some confusion about who the group is, and may have contributed to strategic errors. if you could give us a brief answer, what does the paris attack now tell americans, leaders, what to do? >> it tells us that there's a development in the strategy of i.s.i.l. if this is something ordered, it's assuming a strategy offing it that was rejected. if they are doing that, they know they might be inviolating a
strong reaction, not just 20 bombs, but a full-scale iniation. either they are confident about the ability to withstand that or they have lost the plot and may be doing things against their own interest. >> thank you both for joining us and sharing your insight on i.s.i.l. or the islamic state, as it were new worries within the muslim community in france. concern about possible backlash. we'll go to paris next. and later - emotional ceremonies at a church in paris.
throughout the day and into the night lines of people added flowers and candles to the growing memorial. our special coverage continues. we'll go back to john seigenthaler in paris. >> the muslim community in paris is reacting, fearing a backlash against their community. sheila macvicar has more. [ singing ] >> reporter: in front of the theatre where many died and were wounded. in consolidation muslim and other communities stood together
to lay flowers and honour the victims. last january, france was rocked by terror attacks on the magazine. two days later, by a second attack on a kosher grocery store. in the months since then, he runs a monte million humanitarian organization who felt increasingly under threat. >> has there been an increase in the violence. >> yes, when i walk with my wife, i'm sometimes installed. they broke my car, scratched it, and one of my coe workers was beaten by four men who fled in a vehicle. we are in an atmosphere that is violent. by law, the government is forbidden asking questions. there's no formal statistics on
how many called france home. there are 4.5 million. private polls over the last 20 years showed that the vast majority considered themselves somewhat not religious, and for most the overriding emotion is fear. >> a decision to speak as french, muslim, citizens of the world. she works for better interfaith relations, saying that after the january attacks. promises were made. promises that she said were not kept. >> do you feel the vase was listened to. >> to be honest, no. isn't that part of the problems. >> he's part of the problems. i'm fed up with the way the french institution and media is treating the community, not pointing or highlighting the
diversity that we have. >> the leaders of a mosque where one of friday's attackers worshipped talked about what little understanding they had of the parricser's understanding. -- parishioner's understanding. that's for the government not us. >> what do you think the impact of last friday's event will be on that situation? >> translation: the consequences will be disastrous, we have a government that accumulates failures in domestic politics and foreign poll city. this government does not know how to communicate. >> with failures is dialogue and conclusions. >> sheila macvicar joins us, for the last several days we talked to muslims in paris devastated
by what happened. we know you talked to them as well, they feel like they are in a bind. >> they talk about the amalgam, a sense that they feel, even though they are law-abiding, they are loyal french, love their country and would never dream of an attack of the nation here in paris. they feel they are neighbours, friends and others look and associate them with those people. it's a deep feeling a feeling of exclusion, and that your neighbours few you with suspicion. >> how does the government deal with this? >> they were - after the event in january, after the "charlie hebdo" attack, it was - we need more discussion, conclusion, we need to get together and have the discussion and fix this.
there's a lot of disaffection in the muslim community because of that. >> security surrounded paris with a police presence. with a tate of emergency in effect. parisians are doing their best to cope. adam raney has more. [ ♪ ] >> reporter: music in paris has sounded a bit melancholy, more so, perhaps, today. the side of the city could inspire postcards, but maybe not the mood. people are coming out more and more, taking stock of the city. >> it is young people, young people are coming here. to enjoy life and everything, and disappear in a minute. >> some of the young took comfort in the autumn sun, enjoying in the french of pastimes.
a nagging feeling persists. you can feel fear. that what is going to - you don't know, you can be on that. everyone can be there. >> reporter: monumental paris, less so with the monuments closed. regardless, tourists and the french are starting to make the rounds of the site. >> translation: i'm here with my little sister, trying not to show fear. the spanish tour felt so deeply for parisian, but didn't know how to help. another that moved here from moldova was clear about what paris needs. >> love is the answer, doesn't matter what the nationality. >> in the less touristy areas, parisians gathered to share the city and a view of the iconic landmark. it's the end of a long and painful weekend.
they still serve as an inspiration for people that gathered to talk about the futures of the city. >> we are lucky we have been together. we have been spending time with friends and reflecting. this is definitely like a weight over the city. most have been keeping their heads low, not letting this - you know, break their spirits. spirits that need lifting in the days to come. >> you've been around the city, and i look out and see the candles and the flowers, and i get the sense that there's unease. >> there was so many classic
sites, the senn, the eiffel tower, there were people although fearful were resilient. a lot of people out on the streets wanting to look forward and feel safe, wondering what are the next days and weeks will bring. >> tourists plan the trips for months, years, and could have left. they are still here, despite the fact that part of the city, some of the biggest attractions, the iconic polices are closed. >> we met a spanish man, he was taking a selfie with his wife. haggling to take the tower. and he said "i want to help parisians and french and i don't know how." should i stay, go, give to charity, he was someone that felt close to the people here, but a little lost and unsettled about what is the next step, should he go home early and what
is the next step for the country. >> a national reaction. >> it's not just here where people gather to remember the dead. impromptu vigils gather at the city. among them a restaurant. where 19 people died and nine others were wounded. joining us is olivia. with radio france international. talk about what we are hearing on the streets of france? >> well, there's a lot of feeling that france would not be impressed. everyone is shocked. people will continue to go to the movie theatres, restaurants, to enjoy, but at the same time this is a mixed feeling, because people feel sad. we are just in the area, where all this took place. and people feel that this will
happen again. >> they expect this will happen very soon. >> very soon, we don't know, we knew it would happen, how, where, when, we didn't know, there were warnings that france was a target, i.s.i.s. made public statements to that effect, and investigating magistrates, police, and politicians warned that that would happen, and it did. >> there was an incident of panic here when someone set off fireworks on the square today. do you think paris is a city on edge? >> yes and no. i heen mean this is not unheard of. paris has -- it's not that paris has never known terrorism. many know we have to live with that. we know again 100% detection cannot happen. >> how do you think it will affect french politics moving
forward? >> we'll find out. there are elections in december. a lot of people expect the extreme right party to benefit from the situation. today the president received the head of the positive parties, tomorrow meself going to distress both houses of parliament. an emergency state will be declared and is likely to continue for the next three months. a lot will come occupant, restricting free agents. >> this is personal for you because you live near one of the attacks. can you talk about what you have experienced in the last 24-48 hours? >> well first of all, a lot of police men and military presence. second, people now start where the shootings take place, and the candles hold visuals, like happens here. as a reporter, you talk about
these things. when it happens next to your place, it's a different feeling, not just an abstract situation. you have to keep the distance, you know that you were walking there the day before and you'd walk there next week. >> thank you very much. we'll talk again. >> thank you. >> back to you. >> when we come back, conference and prayer, how the fateful and the worship around paris are finding solace. stay with us.
[bell tolls ] the bells tolling at notres dame, the paris cathedral. the desire for solace and comfort brought many to the city's churches. john seigenthaler has more on the mood in those houses of worship. >> for most of the people in this city, this was a day of reflection, a peaceful gay. i day to try to understand why this happened. [ bell tolls ] >> reporter: on in sunny sunday morning church bells rang in the tenth district as congregations all over the city turned to their faith for answers. [ singing ] a day of prayer and mourning for the victims of the tragedy. this woman and her family came to church to find comfort and to lead by examples. >> we want to share with
everyone inside and paris. we don't go to church very often. today it is important to go there. >> reporter: this couple reflected on their own children old enough to go out on a friday night like the one that saw more than 100 people killed. 18 and 16. it's difficult. they are an age to go out every friday. >> her message to parisians and to the world? >> reporter: an attitude reflected as the country acknowledged a war against extremism is war at home. >> here, syria - it happened - we are not going to go to war, we are going to continue to live on that. >> for this american couple, who
call paris their home. they have to calm the fears of their loved ones in the united states. >> my uncle, concerned about sending his daughter across the atlantic, they are make a decision to cancel her trip out of fear, the unknown, and as best i know, they can't protect the future. the feeling we have here is one of, you know, resolve in hope. >> tonight in paris prayers for peace. thousands turn out in notres dame to show their solidarity, determined to live their life despite the reality they are facing. the bells rang for a quarter of an hour, the crowd stood in silence and grieved. for now, this is the face of paris. as you can see, this was the emotional climax at notres dame to a peaceful but difficult day for the people of paris, we'll
continue covering the story throughout the week. back to you. >> and thank you for joining us for our special coverage, i'm randall pinkston in new york. i'll be back with another hour of news at 11:00pm eastern and 8:00p.m. pacific. we leave you with these images from paris, as france observing three days of national mourning. [ ♪ ]
>> we're in the eastern part of the democratic republic of congo. it's one of the least developed countries in the world, but there's an estimated $24 trillion worth of minerals here. tantalum, tungsten, tin, and gold have all been linked to violence in eastern congo by rebel groups and the congolese army. >> millions of ppl