has happened over the last 72 hours. stay with us. >> the police in raids seven forgive suspects linked to the paris attacks. a minute of silence for the victims, president hollande proposes extending his country's state of emergency. >> hello, i'm david foster, you're watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up in this program, saudi-led programs to recapture the city of taiz. days of rain leave fears that iraqis left homeless by fighting will fall victim to
disease. and always the real thing, the coca-cola bottle turns 100. >> a bill to extend the state of emergency in france fall three months is to be presented this week. president françois hollande made the announcement in a rare address to both houses of parliament. belgium police have carried out a raid in bruce he wills in the hunt for a man believed to be involved in the paris attack. that was on top of 168 other raids carried out overnight by french police. officials say 23 people were arrested. dozens of weapons were seized. france and other european countries have held minutes of silence to remember the 129 victims. after leaving that silence in france, françois hollande told lawmakers that his country is at war, and a single coalition is
needed to fight in syria. he said that he will meet with russia and the united states about pooling th against the islamic state in iraq and the levant. >> france is at war. the acts committed on friday evening in paris are acts of war. there have been at least 129 dead and numerous injured that constitutes a an aggression against our countries, against its valleys, youth and lifestyle. they are the result of an eye of terrorists. daesh, i.s. who is fighting us because france is a country of freedom. we are the country of the rights of man. >> more now on events on the ground. neave barker sent this update from paris. >> paris is a changed city. scared by violence. but united in grief. a minute of silence to reflect on the worst attacks since the
second world war. and then quietly at first, the french national anthem. [singing] at the plaza derepublic. >> i'm very touched, i'm very upset and i wanted to pay tribute to these people, and yes, i think it is important. we just want peace. >> the french government treating the attacks as an act of war mobilizing all intelligence agencies despite all the extra effort the government is warning that future attacks could be imminent. it's difficult to make sense of what happened here in paris while the country still remains at risk. >> we've known for months that we're at war. that terrorism will hit france, and it hits even though we prevented many attacks. all intelligence services are on alert. we know that operations were being prepared and still being
prepared not only against france, but other european countries as well. >> overnight french splice state 168 raids in several cities across the country. this shows the toulouse raise. 100 people have been placed under house arrest. >> last night across france the police with the help of the intelligence services carried out about 150 searches at the homes of individuals suspects of various offenses. besides the items seized and the interrogations the searches allow us to speed up our interrogations and radicalize individuals. >> the raids come as france launched it's heaviest airstrikes on the city of raqqa. isil's main stronghold. iraqi intelligence reports this is where the paris attacks were planned. isil have since issued a new threat against france and other countries taking part in
airstrikes. as the country pauses to reflect on friday's attacks the government now says its taking unprecedented action to safeguards its citizens. neave barker, al jazeera, paris. >> jacky rowland live now in paris. give us a sense in terms of the detail and tone of the speeches, thes. >> well, ye yes, françois hollande began by saying that the attackers targeted france because it's the country of liberty and human rights. but then he went on to describe the ways in which he's going to ask the parliament to vote on new security measures and anti-terror measures that would impact curb considerably in france. he wants them to extend the state of emergency for three months. he wants new measures put into
place whereby under the state of emergency certain powers may be in certain circumstances transferred from civilian authorities to military authorities. he also went up to list various other powers he wants given to police, at the detentions, house arrests, obviously a lot more of power being given to the security forces and the intelligence services. as well as he's looking to increase the size of the police force and to have the power to strip people of their french citizenship even if they were born in france. really very wide-ranging measures. he wants members of parliament to vote on them by the end of the week. >> what about border controls. we know that france has become a little bit more strict about that. but he also wanted to extend his hope across other european countries.
>> yes, the whole issue of the schengen passport-free area. this has been an issue, really, all the way through the summer when we've seen the massive influx of refugees. the fact that there is this zone of 28 countries at the heart of europe where once you're in you can travel around in this large geographical area without being subject to checks, passport controls every time you cross a border. we saw how quickly refugees were able to move through the schengen area, and the real down side now from the security safety point of view is the ability with which people who have intent to carry out attacks can also move throughout the whole schengen area, crossing from one country to the next to the next without their movements being traced. clearly what happened in paris, the fact that there are obvious international links here with
the attack whose are suspected to have come from belgium, and the discovery of passport near the body of one of the sued bombers at the stadium friday night. a syrian passport, it may be fake, it may be real, but nevertheless it was used to enter the european union on october 3rd, someone who was hiding among refugees, and was able to travel all the way through europe. this raises big questions. certainly under the state of emergency those board controls have been reestablished, and françois hollande agreeing to do measures that people on the right of the political spectrum in particular far right leader marie la pen has been demanding for a long time. she said that france needs to take control of its borders, and for the time at least president hollande agrees. >> when you talk about curbing of civil liberties, did you get the sense in paris and perhaps
from other people we've talked to that this is something that they would be prepared to tolerate? >> i think that people are realistic about the level of danger. if you like, there are two different going on. you see a lot of these values embodied in little messages which are nestled between the bouquet of flowers and the candles which are all the way around the statue behind me. but also in front of some of the restaurant where the attacks happened on friday night. on the other hand, you hear very defiant messages about we will not be afraid. we will prevail. and i think particularly what happened here in the square just 24 hours ago where there was a rumor or a fear that there had been gunshots and thousands stampeded in all directions,
that really reveals the level of fear that is just underneath the surface. given that level of threat at the moment i think that most people will be willing to swallow, to accept these limitations on civil liberties. at least in the short term. we're talking about a three-month state of emergency. if some of those measures were to be introduced permanently, then maybe we will see some question marks. i think at the moment given the scale of the attacks on friday and the level of terror that has been perpetuated throughout french society at the moment people see these measures probably as an unfortunate but inevitable consequence of what has happened. >> thank you. more is known about the men behind the attacks. they suspected mastermind, 27-year-old who is known to security forces after appearing in isil videos. he's currently thought to be in
syria. those involved directly in the attacks, this man has a warrant out for his arrest. he's believed to have rented the cars used on friday. he and two other men were reportedly stopped near the belgium border hours after the attacks but allowed to go on their way. his brother has been living in belgium was the attack who are blew himself up. 29-year-old man an men were two of three masked gunmen who fired in the concert hall and then blew themselves up. a man using a syrian passport reportedly blew himself up at the stade de france. his fingerprints matched those of a refugee who passed through greece last month. well, more on the suspect on the run. he's been described as dangerous, and belgium police have carried out a raid in
brussels in the hope of tracking him down. paul brennan has the latest from belgium. >> the authorities have the opportunity to arrest him on saturday when he was stopped by french police close to the belgium border. but at that time it's understood that the police did not have his name, and therefore he was not on the watch list or arrest list. and it was only subsequently that the police realized the importance of him in the over all scheme of things. they missed one opportunity and that put huge pressure on the authorities to detain him as quickly as possible. the attention is focused on a direct in bruce he wills, and they've put huge resources in. we've seen various police unites plain clothes units, dog units and paramilitary type you wants all involved in this operation here. it's gone on for an excess of three hours.
and although they may it seems that early indications now they have not been able to arrest him here at this address, they'll be searching the addresses here because the reason why they came here is undoubtedly because the address has some significance or connection with the suspect that they're hunting for. >> britain is going to get 1900 new spies an over all its ravation security after the paris attacks. prime minister david cameron said that the country has thwarted seven attack plots in the last six months. at the g20 summit in turkey he has been having talks with vladimir putin. british intelligence staffing will rise by 15% in the government spending on aviation security will more than double in five years. efforts to defeat isil have topped the agenda of the g20 summit. turkey's president erdogan hailed the resolute stance from world leaders in the fight against terrorism.
prime minister cameron has intensified its airstrikes against the armed group. president obama held a news conference where he declared an united front against the threat of isil. >> isil is the face of evil. our goal, as i said many times, is to degrade and ultimately destroy this barbaric terrorist organization. as i outlined this fall at the united nations we have a comprehensive strategy using all elements of our power. military, intelligence, economic, development, and the strength of our communities. we have always understood that this would be a long-term campaign. there will be set backs and there will be successes. the terrible events in paris were obviously a terrible and sickening set back. even as we grieve with our french friends we can't lose site that there has been progress being made.
on the military front our coalition is intensifying our airstrikes more than 8,000 to date. we're taking out isil leaders, commanders, their killers. we've seen that when we have an effective partner on the ground isil can and is pushed back. >> vladimir putin spoke about tackling the rebel group. the russian president saying that he's sharing intelligence on islamic state finances. >> the events in paris were tragic, but we must always understand that we have to cut the financial roots of the terrorist activities. i've made several examples about private people financing terrorists in different countries. finances established from 40 countries including g20 nations. we talked about this problem and also the necessary implementation regarding preventing illegal trade items which the terrorists steal in the territories they occupy as
well as illegal oil trade and income they get from that. >> stay with us if you can here on al jazeera. they have this coming up. >> i'm wayne hay reporting from myanmar where it is hoped that a political change will see a better future for the country's children, many of whom are forced to work from a young age. >> an unlikely partnership. why the industry of conservationists have been teaming up in the republic of the congo.
i just had a horrible nightmare. my company's entire network went down, and i was home in bed, unaware. but that would never happen. comcast business monitors my company's network 24 hours a day and calls and e-mails me if something, like this scary storm, takes it offline. so i can rest easy. what. you don't have a desk bed? don't be left in the dark. get proactive alerts 24/7. comcast business. built for business. tand that's what we're doings to chat xfinity.rself, we are challenging ourselves to improve every aspect of your experience. and this includes our commitment to being on time. every time. that's why if we're ever late for an appointment, we'll credit your account $20. it's our promise to you. we're doing everything we can to give you the best experience possible. because we should fit into your life.
rubber-coated bullets. it comes after a funeral for two killed in an israeli raid overnight. there has been an increase in taiz as government reinforcements enter the city. the battle for the strategi cally importan important city has been going on for months. the city is split between houthi and government forces. there are those in camps who will be vulnerable to diseases. >> winter has arrived at the camp in a kurdistan region in northern iraq. a few days of rain have turned makeshift streets into muddy paths. this woman is desperate. she has lived here for 18 months after escaping fighters.
now she and her family are freezing in this camp. >> sometimes we sleep in the kitchen. other times in the bathroom. we have no place to go because of the rain and the storms. the other day our tent collapsed on the kids. when it rains the power goes off. >> this camp is typical of northern iraq which is struggl struggling to dope with the winter weather. the u.n. refugee agency has a cash crisis, and has cut back on the services it provides. winter is making the crisis worse. money scarce and falling oil prices means that the government has less so cover the needs. >> the rain can come down heavily. now for the must vulnerable this is the challenge. if disease can take hold in this camp it can spread quickly. >> the general manager of the camp does not have enough
funding or infrastructure. >> we are much concerned from rain storms. we are doing our best to overcome such harsh conditions by providing water prove covers for these tents but frankly speaking these tents can't survive strong rain storms. >> it has been eight months since the head of the u.n. refugee agency warned that there was a crisis at a tipping point and more money is needed. so these people continue to face misery every day under the canvas. al jazeera, erbil. >> as myanmar moves towards democracy the focus they're shifting to problems the countries facing. looking at a country where children are forced to work. >> like many children in myanmar james has done his growing up out here on the streets in the workforce.
>> he's one of the characters of the street life greeting tourists in seven languages and trying to sell them post cards. he's 15 now. he said he left school when he was seven to earn money. >> for my family. i have my mother and my younger sister and younger brother. i need to take care of my fami family. >> in myanmar there was no free education. james father died many years ago leaving him as it's main earner. his mother knows the dangers, but there is no choice. >> i worry that he'll get in a fight or get arrested. >> children at work often in hard labor is a common sight in it impoverished country. for many years the united nations has estimated that around a third of children in myanmar aged between seven and
16 are working. clearly that is a statistic that needs to change. if this country is going to see real and sustainable developments. but myanmar is changing with the opposition national lead for democracy winning the general election there is greater hope for children. long time campaigners hope that the party's leader aung san suu kyi will place more importance on education than her predecessors. >> the gift of education, free education up to the secondary level also knowledge the ngos to give non-former education. because i sincerely believe that a former education is not enough to cover the whole population. >> it will come too late for james. he'll continue working so his younger siblings will have opportunities that he didn't. al jazeera. >> you might think is rather unlikely relationship between loggers on one side and
conservationists on the other helping to save wildlife in the republic of congo. natural habitat in an area whe is league lost at an alarming rate. >> the lush tropical forests of central africa are shrinking. in the past few decades the machinery of logging industry has moved in on the homes of chimpanzees and gorillas. as they bring in more lumber, con ver conservations are working to save these habitats. and with an unlikely ally, logging companies themselves. >> a lot of wildlife in the world, the richest wildlife and
diverse areas are often the areas with the marginalized poorest people. we have to find a way to balance their needs with the needs of the wildlife. >> the biggest logging company is volunteering limiting the number of keys it cuts. that's paying off in northern europe and the u.s. where buyers and some governments now demand wood from still prospering forests. >> it is a good business. >> you can sell that as a premium product. >> in the amazon base and parts of asia logging had has gone on, but here it has just picked up since the turn of the century. they hope to log here for decades but only 15% of the forests being logged is certified as sustainable. >> some wildlife officials remain skeptical.
>> when in theory sustainable use and sustainable development are possible, but only under rare circumstances where adequate measures, scientific background and monitoring takes place. there are very few places it is carried out well, but in theory it is possible. >> there is reason to believe that here in the congo it is working. they certify logging operations sustainable if they can show the forest can sustain the trees, wildlife and the local people. >> we still have wildlife. >> john hendron, al jazeera, the republic of the congo.
>> massive land slight now 25. more than 2,000 rescuers are searching for survivors. heavy rain splitting. 2 people are known to be missing and there is a warning about further flooding about heaven rains predicted until wednesday. japan's recession again for the fifth time in seven years putting pressure on the government and central bank to stimulate the economy. slowing overseas demand notably in china is thought to be behind the decline. it is the 100s anniversary of the coca-cola bottle. the designer so distinctive that it can be recognized. andy gallagher is in atlanta with more of an unusual container of a global brand. >> to live in the modern world is to be bombarded with brand names. we all know that, and few are as globally recognizable as this one. deep in the headquarters of atlanta, georgia, not to talk about the brand itself, but to
talk about this, the glass coca-cola bottle which turns 100 years old this year. now you might be asking yourself why we're even talking about a glass bottle, but this has managed to influence some of the most famous artists in the 20th century. here to explain to us how we got here is coca-cola's historian ted ryan. >> this is the first kind of bottle for coca-cola. then the 1900 the company went to the straight-sided bottles. you can see competitors that tried to imitate our logos. we put out a call for a bottle that you could recognize, and feel in the dark. this is the shape that was patented on november 16, 1915. it didn't work with the bottling equipment. it was too fat. so we slimmed it down and
introduced the classic coke bottle. this is the real thing. >> so if you learned nothing else, you know at least why this century old piece of glass is the shape it is. >> www.aljazeera.com for the future and the present. >> president obama calling for international action after the paris attacks. vowing that isil will be defea defeated. >> we need an unity of all those who can fight against this terrorist army. >> at the same time french president françois hollande vowing to fight back and catch the people responsible for killing 129 in