>> france's presidential extends emergency measures, as links to the paris attacks. carrying out raids across france and belgium linked to the paris attacks.hello there i'm julie mcdonald, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up: two palestinians are killed during an israeli army raid to demolish
a west bank home. iraqis left homeless to the fighting worries that they will fall victim to disease. and hot air balloonin ballooninh hopes of increasing tourism in india. hello there good to have your company. french president francois hollande says he wants a coalition to smash the islamic state of iraq and the levant. he told a special parliamentary session, to be extended for three months state of emergency. belgian police carried out a hunt for the man believed to be involved in the paris attack, his brother was amongst those arrested and released. 23 people have been arrested and dozens of weapons seized. earlier people across france and europe held a minerals silence
to remember the 129 victims, neave barker has more from paris. >> in the grand congress room of the palace of versailles. , members of parliament stood sing the national anthem. [♪ singing ] >> a rare moment in french politician, extraordinary times. addressing lawmakers, president francois hollande called on the country country to unite during one of trance's darkest hours. >> translator: the terrorists believe that free societies will be affected by horror but they won't be at all. france has come through other tests, france is still here alive and kicking and those who have tried to challenge france has always been the losers. it will be this way around. the french are ardent courageous, don't give up. we are not organized in a war
against civilizations because these people represent no one. they threaten the whole world not only france. >> hollande also called for a change to the constitution, given the government extendinged powers. the straifnlg will be extended for three months. -- the state of emergency will be extended for three months. france is a changed country. scarred by violence, united by grief. at the place de la republic, symbols of the faces of modern france. >> i'm very touched very upset and i wanted to pay tribute to these people. and yes, i think it's important. we just want peace. >> reporter: the french government is treating the attacks as an act of war. warning that future attacks
could be imminent. it's difficult to make sense of what happened here in paris while the country still remains at risk. overnight french police staged 168 raids in several major cities across the country. these images show the te touloue raid. more than 160 have been placed under house arrest. >> last night across france the french police with the help of the intelligence services carried out 150 searches of individuals suspected of various offenses. in addition to the items received, these raids allow us to step up our pace against radicalized individuals. >> syrian city of rah ca, i.s.i.l.'s mairaqqa, i.s.i.l.'s main stronghold, as
the country pauses to reflect on friday's attacks, the government says now it's taking unprecedented action to safeguard its citizens. neave barker, al jazeera, paris. >> the most famous parissian landmark has been relit . the eiffel tower lit up with the red white and blue of the french flag. the 116-year-old monument reopened to visitors on monday afternoon, after dimming its lights as a mark of respect for the dead. jacky rowland, hi there jacky, a day of raids to speed up investigation. >> reporter: yes, indeed there have been a number of more details about the investigation. overnight from sunday into monday police around the country carried out 168 searches in towns and cities all over the country, from liles in the north
to mar sai in the south account strassbourg, arrested 23 people and found 31 weapons. so certainly the investigation has been proceeding. we've had more details about the identities of some of the attackers. and of course, later in the day, a speech from president francois hollande to both houses of parliament. in which he detailed new anti-terrorism measures which he hopes they will vote on later this week. >> and jacky also within a change to the constitution to prevent more attacks. what does it actually mean in practice? >> well, those are the measures i referred to. president francois hollande will be proposing these changes to
the parliament. ultimately it will involve extending the current state of emergency for three months and then introducing into the constitution measures which will have the side effect of limiting certain civil liberties, the police will have greater powers, to arrest, detention, surveillance as well. the ability to actually strip a person of their french nationality even if they were born in france. also we've layered from him plans to enlarge the police force, previously there had been talks of freezing, even reducing spending on military and policing matters. he's now made it clear that they are going to be budget priorities. so france in a way is becoming more of a police state. we've certainly seen a lot more security forces on the streets. i'd say a lot of french people are acknowledging and accepting
that this is unfortunately part of the new reality in france. but clearly, there is another side to the coin seen by minorities in france, and certainly some who i've been speaking to, saying they are concerned being victims twice over, they could be victims of an attack we saw on friday, since the attackers were completely random in their targets but also the double fear of being potentially the victims of a backlash attack by right wingers who may try to paint all of the muslims in france with the same brush. this atmosphere does complicate the situation in terms of relationships between the different communities. >> jacky rowland, live in paris, thank you. what do we know about the people behind the attacks, the french officials have identified
the belgian abdel hamid abaaoud. salah abeslam is now on the run and believed to have rented the cars used on friday. he and two other men were stopped in a vehicle on the belgian border hours after the attacks and allowed to go on their way. ibrahim abeslam was one who blew himself up. opened fire in revelers inside the bataclan facility. and ahmed, matched those of a refugee who passed through grease last month. police have described on the run suspects salah abeslam as
dangerous. police carried out a raid on a residence in brussels in hope of stopping him. paul brennan reports. >> police swooped in with overwhelming armed strength and taking no chances. their focus was number 47, rowe de la noir in the brussels neighborhood of mollenbeck. their suspect, salah abeslam. the so-called 8th attacker. >> translator: i saw the police rushing in they put the barriers in place. i was wondering what's going on. then they pushed everyone away, they asked us not to go outside. >> reporter: this is the phrase of the most wanted man in europe right now, and police believe he is hiding in the mollenbeck district. officers barked orders through
loud speakers, specialist units took up positions on rooftops overlooking the targeted address. explosive charges were also used to clear the premises but it was a false lead. news spread that the suspect had not been found. four hours after launching the raid the police began to withdraw, leaving behind a shock and bewilderment amongst mollenbeck residents. >> the word shock is too soft. i'm talking to you in the sense we have one foot in reality and the other in a sense, we are lost. in the next 48 hours when we maybe start to understand what is happening here, then i think we will say, wow. we are certainly in shock. we all are. >> reporter: another declined to give his name.
>> translator: it's always like this in mollenbeck. the relations between the police and the residents has always been difficult. for the last 20 years it's been like that, not new. it's true that what's happening now is making things worse. we didn't have the attacks in paris to know we had revolutionaries in france, we already knew that. >> released without charge by police in brussels and spoke to insist he had nothing to do with the paris attacks. >> regarding my brother we do not know where he is at the moment. we do not know if despite the current tensions he will dare to surrender to the justice. you must know, he grew up here, he studied here, he is a normal person, i cannot tell you more than that. >> mollenbeck is a fertile ground for hostile youth.
the dangers have been well publicized but the complaint is that too little has been done to effectively tackle the problem. >> translator: they're able to recruit these young people here because of the fragile economic and social situations people live in. you can't buy kalashnikovs in the local shops here. >> high profile policy statements from the government the authorities have never got to grips with the radicalizing elements within belgium. paris has changed all that. but will the police response drive a further wedge between the residents and mere authorities or will it bring new cooperation? paul brennan, al jazeera, mollenbeck, brussels.
>> bernard smith reports from antalia. >> as europe's g-20 leaders stood in silence, there was a call for everyone here not to associate terrorism with refugees, any religion, nationality or ethnic group. >> translator: to make a connection between terrorist agencies and we need to fight together to fight against terrorism. >> reporter: but how? from the country leading the fight against i.s.i.l, a recognition of the limits of what it can do militarily. barack obama ruled out any ground offenses. >> that would be a mistake. we would see a repetition of what we've seen before, which is if you do not have local populations, that are committed to inclusive governance, and who
are pushing back against ideologic extremes, have that they resurface. unless we're prepared to have a permanent occupation of these countries. >> reporter: but air strikes are intensifying and europe and the u.s. have pushed russia to do more to target i.s.i.l. rather than just forces opposed to bashar al-assad. >> translator: we have established contact with part of the syrian opposition which have asked us not to strike territories under their control. we came to this agreement and we followed it. at this armed opposition starts to actively target terrorist groups, naming i.s.i.l, we are prepared to provide air support. >> while the g-20 said they would try to restrict access to money. not a traditional military
opponent as barack obama pointed out but ultimately here everyone agreed the key is to resolve the political crisis in syria. bernard smith, al jazeera, antalia. >> still ahead, returning to parliament, since the, coming up i'll show you one of the wonders of the world from high above. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
and that's what we're doing at xfinity. we are challenging ourselves to improve every aspect of your experience. and this includes our commitment to being on time. every time. that's why if we're ever late for an appointment, we'll credit your account $20. it's our promise to you. we're doing everything we can to give you the best experience possible. because we should fit into your life. not the other way around.
>> a thos reminder of those top stories on al jazeera, following friday's attacks on pairs francois hollande speaks to parliament. searching for suspects, 27-year-old abdel hamid abaaoud has been identified as the mastermind. islamic state of iraq and the levant has topped the agenda the last day of the g-20 summit in turkey. further debate about europe's policy about syrians displaced by war. there's been issue about one of the refugees perhaps traveling to paris. jonah hull reports from paris. >> one of the key details may have the widest significance, a
syrian passport discovered near the body of one attacker, its holder entering the groak islands as a refugee. >> what i dpeer is ther fear ise will be irrational demands for cutting down flows of refugees especially from syria. >> already calls have begun. this changes everything, the words of a german plosion challenging angela merkel's open door policy towards refugees. poland has refused to take part in the plan. national front leader marine la pen, calling for islamic immigration to end.
>> the extreme right in france and ain in europe will seize the opportunity and it's not a new argument. i mean, they had started talking about this but the confusion they kind of emphasize is very dangerous between terrorist and then you slide into muslim and from muslim to arab and from arab to migrant. and they put everything in one lot. >> reporter: those who defend europe's migration policies, have argued over the past few days that it's wrong to connect what happened here in paris with the refugee crisis that the hundreds of thousands of people making their way to europe are fleeing the very people who carried out friday's attacks. but those voices are in danger of being drowned out by the rising clamor of the populace right. and there is another dimension to consider in the so-called islamic state's motives for the
attacks. >> come and join us,. >> reporter: if friday's attacks succeed in turning europe against the refugees and even secular europeans against muslims in general that may be the very result that i.s.i.l. was aiming for. jonah hull, al jazeera, paris. >> heavy rain in northern iraq has caused flooding in camps for people displaced by violence. aid agencies say unless funding is made available immediately those in the camps are vulnerable to disease. from the city of er erbil, imran khan has the story. >> winter has arrived. a few days of rain have turned
refugee camps into muddy parts. she and her family are freezing in this camp. >> other times in the bathroom we have no place to go because of the rain and the storms. the other day our tent collapsed on the kids. >> typical, struggling to cope with the winter weather. the u.n. refugee agency, u.n. hcr, has cut back on the cash it provides. money's scarce and falling oil prices mean the regional government is struggling to provide basic needs. the biggest challenge for this camp and many others isn't the cold. it's the rain and as you can see it can come down very heavily. now for most vulnerable the children this is a real challenge. if disease takes ahold in this camp it can spread very quickly. the general manager of the camp
doesn't have enough funding or infrastructure. >> we are much concerned from rainstorms. we are doing our best to overcome such harsh cns by providing waterproof covers for these tents. but frankly speaking these tents can't survive strong rainstorms. it's been months since the head of the agency warned this crisis was at the tipping point. these people continue to face misery every day in the refugee camp. imran khan, al jazeera, erbil. forces were demolishing the home of a man who they say killed an israeli in june. since that's over 86 palestinians and 12 israelis have been killed in the violence. there was another small outbreak of violence in
calandea, reretaliated. hoda abdel hamid has the story. >> accused of killing a jewish settler back in june. now, according to the statement issued by the israeli military, the forces came under fire as they entered the refugee camp and they responded in the cross fire three palestinians died. however, people we spoke to at the refugee camp said that only two palestinians have actually died, and they deny there are gun fire coming from the palestinian area to the
israelis. one of the victims stood open the rooftop of his house to check on what was going on. certainly relations between the israeli military and the youth in the refugee camp has always been tense. this is not the first time the israelis move in to demolish a house. they've tried that twice before and didn't really manage to get in. they were met with fierce resistance. now it comes at the back of several other demolitions since friday, a couple of houses in navlos on one in sillwed. >> hoda abdel hamid reporting there. thrnchts have been increased air strikes in the southern yemen city of ta'izz. the battle for the strategic location has been going on for months. fighting houthi rebels, control of third largest city has been split. myanmar's government returned to parliament today, could make
things difficult for opposition leader aung san suu kyi and her party. it was first time she and her party entered parliament, she is constitutionally barred from holding office. in u.s. the shooting of an armed black man in minnesota on sunday has led to protests. jamar clark had reportedly assaulted someone. witnesses say that clark didn't struggle with the police, the two officers involved are currently on paid leave while the investigation continues. now to the dizzying heights above one of the world's most famous tourist attractions like you've never bee seen it before.
balloon flights above the taj mahal. fez jamal wept to great heights to provide this report. >> the first ever taj balloon festival. pilots looking forward to an exciting trip. >> the taj mahal, i'm going to live with that the rest of my life. >> once up in the air and through the pollution and haze of agra we can see what he means. the view is worth it. this event combines one of the wonders of the world with hot air ballooning and hopefully attracting even more tourists. the view from here is what you would expect. fantastic! which begs the question, does the home of one of the wonders of the world really need a tourism boost? being this high up is knot nothing new for pilot who has flown a balloon around mt.
everest. he says this vantage point gives a unique perspective. >> it displace the whole heart and soul of india in one glimpse without doing any damage to it. if we are putting you know a million people through that incredible building on an annual basis. you've just got to look a aftert so well. >> it's a different site even for those who have seen the taj mahal before. locals who are used to seeing one of the most famous buildings in the world get a thrill, watching the balloons. >> we don't get to see a sight like this, that is why the whole village exaim out. >> still have a chance to have a short flight. since most tourists come to agra only for a day or two to see the taj, they want this to be a more
or different way to see the taj mahal. >> you can see the eiffel tower lit up in the colors of the french flag. the address, aljazeera.com. with spectacular landscapes- new zealand is a pristine paradise- ranked the freest country on earth. but this south pacific nation has the second highest imprisonment rate in the western world.