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tv   America Tonight  Al Jazeera  November 17, 2015 9:30pm-10:01pm EST

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the news continues here on al jazeera. jazeera. but around the world. getting the news from the people who are affected. >> people need to demand reform... >> ali velshi on target. fears oft outsiders who might view. a desperation of who is caught in the middle. how to protect itself. america tonight special report, the paris attacks. thanks for joining us. as the hunt continues for those who launched the paris attacks and those who might be planning more, there's a broader search underway for answers about the wider crisis still facing europe, the steady flow of
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refugees driven out of syria in part by the conflict created by those same vicious forces. the both threats to the security and the issue. at the intersection in paris now. >> reporter: paris's worst nightmare. the attacks that left 129 dead, hundreds wounded and so many more deeply traumatized. that has added fuel to a fire that was on a slow burn across europe. as waves of refugees washed ashore over and over, european leaders failed to agree to cohesive policies and failed to agree a strategy to end the war in syria, the one thing that would stop this flow. in macedonia one day last week 15,000 adult refugees passed through this border and especially for generous germany
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where people like this person feel increasingly under threat. everywhere for more than a year this it engineer joins this anti refugee demonstration and residence and on monday again thousands marched chanting against the policies of angela merkel. >> translation: i oppose the misery that they have caused all around the world. we don't want to give islam a new home in germany. >> reporter: in this crowd there is a clear link between the refugees, their religion and rising fear. >> translation: i see a connection between paris and the refugees in france the far right, the most visible leader is this woman. sympathy has for months been beating the anti refugee drum. >> translation: france and the french people are no longer
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safe. it is my duty to tell you this. it is essential for urgent measures to be taken. >> reporter: she has warned that to extend the 29,000 refugees who have sought refugees in france is to risk more attacks. >> translation: a psychologist helps to resettle refugees in france, work that she says is now more difficult. >> reporter: you've heard marie le pen marie le pen and you've heard what she has to say. how do her words impact on the political scene here and what impact do you think they should have on refugees here? >> translation: she plays on the fears of the french, plays on the question of racism, that they are coming here to steal our country, to take our jobs, but they are here to take over. surely with the situation now sympathy will surely gain
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momentum, tapping on the sector of fear. it will affect us because it's easy to play on the factor of fear in such times. >> reporter: she says the vast majority of syrians coming to you're are fleeing for their lives. >> syrian people are coming and there is - it is a question of life for them. in syria there is bombing every day and they have to protect them from themselves from what's happening. >> reporter: in versai for the third time in 150 years members of the french senate and national assembly met in joint session. the president argued that his country is now at war. >> translation: we are not fighting a war against civilizations because these asass endo not represent one. we are at war against terrorists
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which threaten the whole world, not only france. >> reporter: the most visible face of france's war has been the greatly stepped up temple of attack against the islamic state strong hold raqqa where french officials believe that last week's attacks were planned, but after those attacks some of france's muslims ares citizens born and raised here, law-abiding, are increasingly afraid that that war will turn inwards and that they will find themselves in the cross-fire. we met in woman near the site of paris attacks. she was too nervous to show her face. from her apartment windows she saw what happened at the bataclan musical. >> reporter: do you really think that france is at war? >> translation: yes, yes. we are at war with them. we are at war with i.s.i.l. >> reporter: what do you think now for your life in paris?
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do you feel safe in your city? >> translation: after what happened friday, i don't think we have security. it will fall on us, the muslims. that is the problem. >> reporter: muslims and syrians, many of whom are part of the fabric of french society, but increasingly many say they feel like they don't belong joining us now from paris is sheila. whatever else you can say about the attacks and more attacks, the threat of, i.s.i.l. has done nothing to stop the flow of refugees into europe. i know that you're just in italy before the paris attacks. have you seen any change from your previous visit there? >> reporter: i.s.i.l. is a pig rope why so many syrians are, in fact, fleeing their country, they're thriving in places under attack where life has become
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insupportable where they feel they can no longer breathe, the addition of air strikes by the russians and air strikes by the french and others in recent weeks, that's putting more pressure on. we are told by people who are in turkey and who le monitoring refugee flows through turkey across to greece, that even though the weather has changed in the agean sea and this should be beyond the time when people are risking that journey in those very dangerous boats, that there are many thousands of people who are still waiting to make that journey. as a matter of fact, when i was in macedonia last week, i could not believe the flood of people. they came and came and came and it did not stop. 24 hours a day just a few weeks ago, of course, there was so much international concern, the tragedy of the little toddler boy whose body washed up on the
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shores of the greek island. it really did create an outpouring of the support among europeans. has that been impacted by what has happened here? >> reporter: you know, that was such a terrible and tragic and poignant picture that i think it really did strike home. that happened many weeks ago and as they say, just a week is a long time in politics. we are tunaing re talking about political change, we are talking about a rising sense of un se t uncertainty and we are talking about, certainly here in france, what it means to be at war. that is a discussion about a war that is not far away, but a war that is here and a war that is present and that means that people from looking around and they are finding new reasons to be suspicion you are aware that here in the united states many of the american politicians are talking about ways to keep out any
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additional syrian refugees from coming into their states, in particular. i wonder what sort of reaction you're seaing seeing among the european politicians. >> reporter: it is a reaction to the american governor's reaction. the americans aren't taking any ir-syrians anyway, so it doesn't make any difference. there is a large degree of truth in that. you are seeing increasingly, especially on the right, you are seeing increasing concern that is playing into the body of politics that says, wait a second here, what are we doing? what does it mean to have all these people here? how do we absorb them? thank you. next, unusual alliances. the fight against i.s.i.l. joins unlikely players together against a single goal.
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the pressure is on, a growing and fierce attempt to temper down i.s.i.l.'s vicious attacks has led some surprising alliances to towards the same goal. jamie mac intyre joins us. what we're seeing may not be unprecedented but certainly an unusual situation with the strikes over the last few days, forces that are not necessarily joint or coordinated strikes, but somehow collaborative. >> reporter: well, of course, there's two things going on. of course, france has stepped up its air strikes and that is coordinated through the u.s. coalition, but we're also seeing
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russia taking a much more muscular approach, shooting off almost three dozen air launch crews university of missouri i.s.i.l. in targets in and around raqqa. this time pepto began greece i.s.i.l. is striking i.s.i.l. held territory. they're not coordinated with or with the united states, but russia did, inform the u.s. of course it raises this question about if the united states can work with russia on something like, say, the iran nuclear agreement, why can't the united states work with russia against the common enemy i.s.i.l. in syria in this case, though, i mean are there reports from the ground, is there a clear indication, as you say, muscular attacks coming from russia and from frobs as well, is there an indication from the ground in raqqa that these are making a difference, that they are in any way degrading i.s.i.l.'s power? >> that's a really good question. the reports that we get seem to indicate that they have a limit,
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a very limited effect. that's really true with all the air strikes. you know, the u.s. has conducted more than eight thousand air strikes, u.s. coalition, since the beginning of this and as we've seen, i.s.i.l. hasn't been significantly diminished in its strength. it has lost some territory, it that is taken some nits. it calls into question the whole, you know, the limits of air power. one of the reasons why the united states argues that its strategy of working with local forces on the ground is going to be much more effective, but the response by both russia and france in having these more dramatic stepped up air strikes does give the impression that they're reacting strongly to what's going on. we have to see if it has any real effect on the ground do you hear anything there at the pentagon? is there any notion of shifting strategy at all in the u.s. part of the campaign against i.s.i.l.? >> no. there isn't. you hear more of the same, maybe the echt s strategy on steroids,
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but that's causing a lot of consternation, critics of the owe be that as it may aadministration. there was the unwillingness of the obama administration to change the strategy. it was argued that natos should invoke the article 5 of its is that righter which is an attack on one nation, an attack on all, and put together an nato led coalition to aattack i.s.i.l. he thinks that will step up the pressure jamie mac intyre at the pentagon. as jamie noted here in washington, there are sharp critiques against the president's plan for stopping i.s.i.l. after paris and the apparent attack on a russian airliner, there are growing questions. whether a true strategy is in place or whether the fear strikes by the shadowy force are leaving forces to play a guacam
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ole against i.s.i.l. >> reporter: at a press conference if turkey this week, signs of frustration were evident as the president filled different variations from the reporters. >> i guess the question is why can't we take out these bastards. >> reporter: i just spent the last three questions answering that question. >> reporter: some of the confusion about u.s. strategy in syria could stem from the nature of the conflict changing on the ground. >> initially the strategy was focused on bashar al-assad after his use of chemical weapons. >> reporter: malcolm is a former opentive who has worked in the far east for decades. >> the president making sure his strategy towards syria was front forward actually got, we
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believe, at this point, most if not all of bashar al-assad chemical weapons and they were destroyed, which was a success that no-one has talked about. since i.s.i.s.'s ram passage throughout 2014 the policy had to shift. mission number one has to the offence of iraq and the elimination of i.s.i.s. in a destructive air campaign. >> reporter: even in the fight against i.s.i.l., the u.s. strategy has changed from arming syrian ground force to focusing on air support for kurdish fighters like those in the ypg. >> when we see a ground force like the ypg make gains, we have to apply that heavy power to break any eyise counter-attacks that will be able it dip them. >> reporter: there have been some gains. just last week kurdish fighters aided by u.s. air strikes reclaimed sinjar and cut off the highway connecting i.s.i.l.'s strong hold in syria to its
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territories in iraq. >> we've carried out several thousand, almost 10,000 air strikes in the last 14 months against i.s.i.s. we have degraded ice's combat-- i.s.i.s. combat strategy. judge what once looked like a civil war now resemmes a world war that obama always envisioned. >> i.s.i.s. is just the fifth generation of al-qaeda because they're all idea logically the same. it was decided that bin mrchlt aden's timetable to be pressed for the cali p.m. ate. he has energisd a base. anyone can be a member of i.s.i.s. anyone at any time and anywhere
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who carries out an attack could call themself i.s.i.s. >> reporter: the greatest thing is a conflict marked by so much blood sthed on all sides. the solution may ultimately be found on a battle field that no bomb can touch. >> we are not taking on i.s.i.s.'s ideology. the ideology of this group can only be described simply as an apocolyptic cult. the tenets that they breach to the point that they're anti-islamic. what we need to do is assist them in going after this belief system that motivates these young men to sacrifice their life needlessly josh, we heard just a few moments ago jamie mac intyre at the pentagon talking about this notion that really what the pentagon wants to do is just stay the course here. is that a logical way to go? >> there actually is a strategic for staying the
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course. the u.s. and coalition forces here have significant gains against i.s.i.l. on the ground. peshmergas are moved against them. if you do stay the course you can see them forcing i.s.i.l. in a tighter box. with the strike last week against jihadi john they can degrade the leadership. it just takes time. the question can the obama administration stand the hilt of people wanting to see greater action in the face of attacks like what happened in paris greater action, we're still talking about strikes from the air, not on the ground >> this is really, as far as i know, unprecedented where you have a collaborated air strike rather than a coordinated air strike. the only reason why the russians are collaborating with the u.s. and vice versa not to the same end. just safety. making sure they don't run into each other in the skies are up there. what long-term good can an air
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campaign do that is not with a coordinated effort and groups on the ground. the best option the u.s. has with the troops on the ground are syrian kurds you have been on the ground there for a fault lines program and you have met these folks. you've seen what they're capable of. are they capable of doing more? >> absolutely. the problem with the syrian kurds is the u.s. relationship with turkey when the u.s. set up a zone where turkey wanted to bomb islamic state targets, they actually bombed kurdish targets. so the very best choice the u.s. has on the ground right now are the kurds in syria, but the kurds can't fight i.s.i.s. without at the same time being bombed by turkey these are complicated times for all. al jazeera josh's russian, thank you. next here calls to keep syrian retch gees out shows a harsh reality. those who have made it, what
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they find on the streets of their new safe haven. -- refugees. coming up at the top of the hour france and russia launch new strikes against raqqa in northern syria. putin says it is clear that i.s.i.l. is responsible for destroying a russian airliner last month. a soccer match in germ eau was cancelled after they received solid evidence of an at aing. investigators are focussing on a car in paris with belgium plates.
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for more than two governors insisting that their states won't let any syrian refugees, the president has held his proposalise to let in 10,000 more. the united states hasn't welcomed many, about 200.
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american tonight's lisa fletcher with a family why chicago and their surprising hope for the future. >> reporter: a father son game in chicago. there's a new player trying to sharpen his skills. 12-year-old who arrived with his mother and five other siblings. all are refugees from syria. he has a powerful message for those back home and one that may shock americans. >> translation: >> reporter: the youngest of the children are four yelled old and eight year old. two inseparable sisters. their father murdered by a
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sniper while walking home from work in 2011. she still remembers that day. >> translation: no translation >> reporter: the family lives in this modest two bedroom apartment in chicago. the united nations sponsored them to get there. every month the family receives food stamps and a cash allowance. that money is not enough.
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the eldest child is zaid. he goes to work here at this distribution warehouse and supports his family on an income of $10 an hour, 1600 a month before taxes. at age 19 zaid had to postpone his dreams of going to school. his his younger brother he desperately wants to go back to syria. >> translation: no translation
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>> reporter: the trauma is clear. the suffering in syria is very obvious. the suffering that you and your family have described to me here is kind of invisible. it all happens behind the scenes of the do you feel like you've exchanged one set of circumstances for another? >> translation: no translation >> reporter: none of the kids wants to stay here. it's too difficult, they say. despite the death and destruction in syria, everyone would rather go back home than
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stay in the u.s. what are some of the difficulties that you wish people knew so that they could understand your situation better? >> translation: no translation a heart break. that is america tonight. tell us what you think at al jazee jazeera america. we will have more tonight tomorrow.
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striking back - russian cruise missiles join french air attacks on i.s.i.l. syrian strongholds and the kremlin blames the group for last month's destruction of a russian airliner in egypt global cushion. >> we need to get in the gamal the united states calls for more countries to join the fight against i.s.i.l. a new clue as police hunt for suspects in the