>> gunfire deaths and arrests, french police carry out raised north of the capital in search of suspects tied to friday's attacks. >> you're watching al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. also coming up: >> afghanistan is better for me, but they take afghanistan from me. >> not giving up, we meet the refugees who say they have little to lose as they make the dangerous trip by boat to europe.
day one of the apec summit in manila, protests on the street turn violent. >> a beauty product that is scarring nigeria's economy. >> a police raid in the paris suburb of saint denis is now over. the operation which began in the early hours of wednesday was linked to friday's attacks in the french capital which killed at least 129 people. two suspects were killed and at least seven arrested. andrew simmons reports from the scene of the raised. >> once again, gunfire and later on explosions in paris saint denis, a residential suburb
looks and sounds like a war zone. it's a raid by security forces under the cover of darkness and they met fierce resistance as more than three hours of gunfire continued. >> since 4:00 this morning, french special forces police carried out an operation to neutralize terrorists. seven people were arrested, two people have died. >> pleas say one of the dead suspects was a woman wearing a suicide vest, who blew herself up. for hours now, this paris suburb has been in deep shock. when gunfire and explosions rattled windows, waking people up in the early hours, everyone had thought this was another attack. but no, it was a prolonged firefight between a heavily armed group, holed up in an apartment down at the bottom of this street and the police. the police operation is believed to have been in search of one of the main suspects, abdelhamid abaaoud. he's belgian with moroccan
origin, believed to be in his late 20's. he is likely to be responsible for organizing the attacks. initially police said he was in syria. it's known he had traveled there to fight alongside isil. as the operation carried on, this man spoke of how his apartment had been taken over. >> i found out that it's my house and that the people are holed up in my flat. i didn't know they were terrorists. someone asked me a favor and i did them a favor. someone asked me to put two people up three days and i did them a favor. that's normal. i don't know where they came from, i don't know anything. if i'd have known, do you think i'd have done it? >> not surprisingly, people in this district are frightened and confused. >> so i opened the windows and i saw policeman who was running in the street behind people and shouting don't move, don't move. close the windows. we shut the windows, we stayed home, but every 15 minutes, we could hear loud booms.
we heard them three, four, five times. >> police say arrests have been made of suspects from the apartment, and the believe nearby. this may have been a breakthrough, but questions persist about the quality of intelligence in the run up to last week's attacks. andrew simmons, al jazeera, saint denis in paris. >> let's across over to saint denis where that raid took place and speak to jacky rowland to hear about the suspect that had been taken in, particularly about the fate of abdelhamid abaaoud. >> the big question is where is abdelhamid abaaoud. certainly the police, one would think if he had in fact either been arrested or killed in that operation, then the authorities would be broadcasting that fact. they've been very quiet and so the big question now is whether this raid, which we're told was
initiated after intelligence reports were gleaned suggesting that abdelhamid abaaoud was in the apartment in saint denis, whether in fact he was neutralized during that operation. so far, of those who died and were arrested, only one name has been released. french media are reporting that the young woman who blew herself up with an explosive vest was a cousin of abdelhamid abaaoud, which does suggest obviously that we're getting pretty close now and that the police are closing the net. if she was in the apartment, the cousin of this wanted man, however, we don't know whether he was found, obviously, the key next day is going to be the interrogation of those suspects who were captured during the raid and whether the police and intelligence services will be
able to derive any information from them, which will provide more clarity and more lead on those who took part in and helped provide the logistical support on that attack. >> the french president francois hollande speaking to the assembly of mayors, what did he have to say? >> well, president hollande has spoken a number of times in public since the attacks on friday night and the message he gave to the mayors very much was a reprise that france was the subject of an act of war and during his speech, he stressed that one of the key ways, most important ways of addressing that threat, a threat he says which faced many in all countries, not specifically france, was to improve
international cooperation. >> we have formed a very broad based coalition which will make decisive strikes against isil. we have to do it making sure we are nationally together. what is at stake is to put an end to this army which threatens the entire world, not just certain countries. it's this message which i am determined to achieve and through its army, france will play major role in the settlement of this conflict. >> another important part of francois hollande's speech was talking about the legislative changes he wishes to introduce, changes to the constitution, and haged what an important and momentous step that is, not something that you do lightly. in fact, all right on wednesday night, proposals are being put to french parliamentarians,
including stop and search powers. french president hollande acknowledged this will curtail some of the liberties which the french hold so dear but argue they are absolutely essential to guarantee the safety of ordinary french people. >> ok, jacki, thank you for that update from saint denis. let's cross over to paris and speak to the president at the institute of european security as well as a former french government minister. thanks for joining us on al jazeera. we were listening to our reporter telling us about some of the things that francois hollande said just a short time ago while he was speaking to the assembly of mayors. let's just break down some of these issues. he was talking about security in france and he's extending, planning to extend the state of emergency in the country. how significant is that development? >> well, it has still to be approved by the members of parliament. >> right, it will be to
parliament this evening. >> it will be discussed in parliament this evening, and besides that, next week, there will be the french military operation, which is a reality for more than a year, and which is the external response to what happened a few days ago in france, since it authorizes the military raised on both syria and iraq, and this will be again pursued. it will be pursued for the third time by the members of parliament. president francois hollande made very interesting input on collective european security, because he called and the french minister of defense issued on that to call for the article 42 of the european union treaty of lisbon, which provides and which implicates, implies the security of 27 other european member states, stating the fact that
since france is under attack, they should be more european solidarity, not military solidarity, but financial support. >> but emmanuel, when you -- right. >> just let me take you back a moment to security in france itself, as a country. does it curtail people's freedoms? these enhanced security measures that are going to be put in place? >> well, first of all, we have to know what will be proposed for such matters, what we do know is that the president francois hollande in france, 900 more or less members of parliament are gathered throughout the congress said there will be significant changes to be put in the constitution, and aiming not to restrain the individual security, but to provide new perspective for collective security. let me be more precise on that.
a certain number of members of parliament, certain number of opposition members are saying that we should be more looking to the closing of a certain number of radicalized mosques in france. some say we must pursue the effort of the nationality of some people who we do know are going or may be going to act on the basis of potential terrorist threats, so what we have experienced yesterday night is the first step of this new measures, because the state of emergency allows the police to intervene at any time, not only starting at 6:00 a.m., which was the case just before. >> the comments francois hollande made on the coalition fighting making decisive strikes object isil, that's what he said, he also said france will play eight major role in the
settlement of the syrian war militarily as well as diplomatically. is a wide military campaign the answer? >> it's a bit early to say what is a reality is that everyone is calling for sort of -- to have a meeting with president putin and this is what president hollande has had president putin on the phone. president hollande has said that france has asked for the gathering of the united nations security council in you are genesis to maybe issue a resolution authorizing or maybe putting in complete mode, a complete status the necessity to
cooperate with all of the operations going on. we do know that there are two coalitions. we do know that they may not have the same targets, but it is essential that now everyone is going the right direction. this was said in vienna a few days ago and resaid by president putin to president hollande yesterday by phone. >> thank you very much for joining us on al jazeera. >> iraq saying it struck isil targets in anbar provinces. the defense ministry released this video which it said shows military depots being hit by air strike. >> the fight against isil and war in syria continues to drive refugees to europe. prime ministers in turkey are discussing the crisis. turkey has accepted more than 2 million refugees mostly from syria so far. bernard smith reports from the aegean cost where hundreds continue to attempt a dangerous
journey across the mediterranean. >> along turkey's aegean coast, november is so far unseasonably mild and calm, but for these refugees heading to the greek island of lesbos, the journey is still par i willous. already, this morning, 14 people have drowned in the waters here, seven of them children. most of the people in this group are from afghanistan, a few are pakistani. >> i'm not entered in going to europe. europe is not better for me. afghanistan is better for me, but they take having a from me. did not lead me to afghanistan. >> most are escaping from conflict, some are running from the post instability creates. >> in pakistan, we can't work freely, because of you and americans, ok? >> go to europe. people dream. europe is better.
june threats from the coast guard are a brief deterrent. there are thousands of kilometers of coastline to patrol. some will always get through. it would take a major naval operation to stop the flow of rubber dingies that carry more than 200,000 refugees in october alone. that's according to u.n. estimates. most are syrians. these were caught hiding in the bushes, waiting for their smuggler. >> my home. i love syria. >> he says what everybody we talk toes. they'd rather be in their home country than crossing the sea, including this man and his 16-day-old son. >> the local security forces tell us they're involved in this endless cycle. if they independent any refugees, they'll rental at her them and check their name against a list have wanted
people and they're bussed further inland to a reception center. if they're syrian, they'll be set free. many of them will just come back down here and try again to cross to greece. >> all along this coastline, you see the human capital of syria and other unstable places draining away. most of the people we met were educated, and eager to contribute to society. the resolve they've called on to make this journey will be needed again when they get to europe. bernard smith, al jazeera, on turkey's aegean coast. >> still ahead on al jazeera, a blast in northeast nigeria kills at least 32 people. we'll have the latest for you on that and tributes pour in for new zealand's rugby superstar following his death at the age of 40.
>> the top stories on al jazeera, major police raid in a paris spur of saint denis is now officially over and area is being officially secured. three suspects have been killed and seven arrested following the operation in the early hours of wednesday morning. >> french president francois hollande praised the police involved in the saint denis raid. he said france will not give into fear. extra security is protecting civilians in the wake of the paris attack which left over 129 dead approximate. >> it's day one of the annual asia pacific economic cooperation or apec in the
philippines. barack obama start the meetings with a presser on china to stop building artificial islands in the contested south china sea. 21 other pacific rim economies are in attendance. we have more on the latest from the summit in manila. >> just as they had promised, apec leaders kept politics out of the agenda and only talked trade at wednesday's meeting. u.s. president barack obama spoke first, and focused on the need to deal with climate change. next up was chinese president xi. he used motte force in his speech but made no mention of china's controversial construction of islands in disputed areas of the south china see. >> the asia pacific economic cooperation will play roles in a policy platform and incubator. we will seek cooperation in the blue economy, green economy and
urbanization and include independent in knowvasion. >> on the sidelines of the summit in what are seen as messages to china, vietnam and the philippines signed a strategic agreement in the enhancing maritime and defense cooperation. president obama visited the flagship of the philippine navy. he announced that the u.s. will be sending two more navy ships to the philippines and reiterated u.s. commitment to freedom of navigation. obama discussed the regional maritime disputes with president aquino, a u.s. ally. there are six claim a.m.s to the south china sea. >> we suggest a rule based order in the region, critical to security and the economy. the philippines decision to use arbitration under convention of the law of the sea to peacefully and lawfully address differences. >> also on the sidelines of apec, philippine police have been busy. >> anti u.s., anti china, anti
defense enmansments, anti trade deals, anti all sorts of things, there have been many demonstrations here almost daily since last week. activists making the most of being under the world spotlight because of apec and making sure their concerns are heard. >> many are angry at their own government for what they see as an unnecessary expense to host the international conference. >> we hosted apec years ago, too and what's happened since then? nothing. they said things would improve, but they haven't. >> this year's apec meeting will close thursday. despite criticism, there will be more to the summit's outcome than just empty talk. al jazeera, manila. >> the threat from isil is one issue dominating the apec summit in manila. the malaysian prime minister has confirmed has a malaysian man held by isil has been murdered.
the prime minister promised to take action after the philippine military confirmed that the man had been deheaded. bernard was abducted in may, held captive in the philippines. a woman who was abducted along with him has been released. >> the u.n. secretary general's office denied that he'll visit north crow i can't next week. ban ki-moon's office made the announcement after it was reported that he would visit the communist nation. the u.n. chief is willing to travel to north korea and play a constructive role for peace and stability in the region. so far, only two u.n. chiefs have visited pyongyang. >> at least 32 have died in an explosion in nigeria. the blast happened in the city in a busy market area where traders were closing up for the day. at least 80 others were injured. we have more. >> the suicide bomber wanted to take with him as many lives at
possible. he started sharing money or dishing out money to people, mostly women and children, who were gathered at that market area, and then when a huge crowd gathered, he detonated the device, kill those people, and injuring a lot of people. just a few kilometers from where another suicide bomber attacked a mosque last month, killing dozens of people in the state capital. the military has actually driven boko haram from so many areas. they've claimed victories on boko haram, but what the military operation has failed to do so far is stop the spate of bombings happening across the country. we've seen over the last five or six months since the president came to power, uns of people have been killed by boko haram and a vast majority of those killed in these attacks are actually killed by suicide bombers and i.e. de's planted
added locations such as markets, mosques, churches and other place where people patronize in large numbers. >> staying in name, home to nearly half the world's freeze from which a natural oil is made is shea butter, whitely used in making skin products, but they say they are not making enough money from it. we explain why. >> women who depend on these trees say they should make more money from the nut that falls from them. the nuts produce natural oil, which is made into shea butter, a skin moisturer and treatment for dry skin conditions. it's an ingredient in many skin care products. the women process the butter mainly by hand, because they can't refine package and label it. it's sold for one and a half dollars a liter. the price in the shop is at least $30. >> it's the middle man. those are our challenges. the middle man buy at the
cheapest price and take it somewhere and accept it at the highest price. >> an industry body called the global share alliance said the trade would be worth $50 billion by 2020. nigeria gross almost half the worlds shea burt trees. >> every year, nigeria loses $1.7 billion in the export have shea butter. >> that's according to the export council. local communities don't have the skills to meet import rules.
>> we are also putting quality in place. we're working on putting lab, like a mini lab in each center, so we are able to pros and at the same time check the quality of the butter before it's being exported or sent out of the center. >> most shea butter producers hope they will have more money in their pocket and benefit from the ingest in the industry. industry leaders say they need more than $2 billion worth of investment to realizes its full potential, not easy to find with the economic downturn. al jazeera, niger state. >> four people have been killed as a result of a series of wildfires in western australia. the bush fires have so far destroyed over 300,000 hectares
of land and continue to rage out of control. the fires have been burning since saturday. there are fierce that the extreme temperatures could spark fires in south australia, as well. heads of state, fans, teammates and former rivals have expressed shock and sadness at the unexpected death of jonah, the new zealand rugby legend. he died at the age of 40. he played 63 times for the all blacks between 1994 and 2002. he had baled kidney problems. richard martin reports. >> he was one of rugby's greatest. he became the youngest ever all black in 1994 when he made his new zealand debut at the age of 19. it was the world cup the following year that he became a a star. with his great strength and speed, he scored seven tries in the tournament. his performance against england being one of the most iconic
moments in sports history. ultimately, the all blacks would lose the final to the host, south africa in front of nelson mandela. he later fought kidney disease. he had to compete at a lower league level, but he managed to play at the 1999 world cup, which saw new zealand knocked out in the semifinals. he scored eight tries in england, taking his tournament total to 15. that record was only equaled this year by south africa's brian habana. health problems would end is all black career after 63 caps and 37 tries. you tried to return to the sport in 2005, a year after a kidney transplant. the second transplant was needed in 2011, and he was awaiting a third before his death. at the age of 40, he spent the last months of his life watching his country win the world cup in england. he may not have achieved that
feat himself, but he'll be remembered as the sport's first global superstar. al jazeera. >> just a reminder, you can keep up to date with all the news on our website. you'll find it all at aljazeera.com. >> gunfire in a paris suburb. please raid an apartment where suspects in fridays attacks were believed to be hiding out. >> there were explosions and i could hear that the ceiling was going to crash, so i got out. >> at least two suspects are dead, one of them blew herself up. seven others have been arrested.