>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello and welcome to the news hour. i'm dareen abughaida in doha, here is what is coming up. >> translator: i have urged the international community to make sure that they also take part in a concerted effort to annihilate daesh. >> the french president says isil is a threat to the world, and calls for action following the paris attacks. >> afghanistan is better for me. but they take afghanistan from
me. >> refugees still trying to reach europe, but what lies ahead? in nigeria at least 32 people were killed in a bomb blast that exploded in a crowded market. and a-pac leaders gather in manila. it's tension over the south china sea that is taking center stage. ♪ hello, a major police raid in france is now over, ensuring the area is secured. president hollande says the operation is proof that his country is at war with isil. it ended with two people killed one woman blew herself up with a suicide belt another person was killed in gunfire. several police officers were injured. in a speech to mayors around the
country, the president said that france will not give into fear. and in parliament they are discussing a bill to extend the state of emergency for three months. hollande also urged a debate to confront any exception circumstances. we'll more on his speech in just a moment. but first this report from andrew simmons from the scene of those raids. [ explosion ] >> reporter: once again, gunfire and explosions in paris. a residential suburb looks and sounds like a war zone. it's a raid by security forces under the cover of darkness, and they met fierce resistance. for more than three hours, gunfire continued. >> translator: since 4:00 this morning, police have carried out an operation to neutralize terrorists. seven were arrested two died.
>> reporter: police say one of the dead suicides was a woman wearing a suicide vest who blew herself up. for hours now this paris suburb has been in deep shock when gunfire and explosions rattled windows, waking people up in the early hours. everyone had thought this was another attack. but no, it was a prolonged fire fight between a heavily armed group and the police. the police operation is believed to have been in search of one of the main suspects. he is belgian with moroccan origin and believed to be in his late 20s. authorities have maintained that he is likely responsible for organizing the attacks. and initially it was said he was in syria. >> translator: we have done a lot of work which has allowed us to obtain elements that could
allow us to think that he might be in an apartment in the area. >> reporter: as the operation carried on, this man spoke of how his apartment had been taken over. >> translator: i found out that it's my house, and that the people are holed up at my flat. i didn't know they were terrorists. i did them a favor. someone asked me to put two people up for three days, and i did them a favor. it's normal. i didn't know where they came from. >> reporter: people in the district were frightened and confused. >> translator: so i opened the windows and i saw a policeman running in the street behind people and shouting don't move! don't move! close the windows. we shut the windows. we stayed home, but every 15 minutes we could hear loud booms. we heard them, four, five times. >> reporter: arrests have been made of suspects from the apartment and a building nearby.
this may have been a break through, but questions persist about the quality of intelligence in the run-up to last week's attacks. >> andrew simmons spoke to one of the residents who tried to call in the incident to the police, but soon realized they already knew. >> well, i heard a noise, but [ inaudible ] but at 5:00 am i heard like another noise, and i said this noise is not normal, and i have four kids so i know sometimes when you hear noise. so i opened the window, and from the window, i heard like the sounds of -- i don't know if it was a [ inaudible ] or something like, but like gunshots, many gunshots, so i said well, like that is not normal, and maybe the police don't realize, so i called the police, and they said don't worry, stay safe at home, it's a police action somewhere in the city, but it was so close
to us, because we would hear, but it was like one of the neighborhoods from here. >> so that's what happened during the raids. crossing over to jacky rowland joining us from the area where the raids took place. tell us what you are hearing about the fate of the suspects that have been arrested including the one who authority believe master minded the attacks. >> reporter: the raid was organized apparently to target the main suspect. the man accused of planning and organizing this raid. there has been no word as to whether he was among those captured or killed during the operation. however, we do know that the female suicide bomber who blew herself up, was a cousin of his. as to those who were arrested two of them were injured during that arrest operation. they are currently in hospital,
so the police will have to wait a while to interrogate them, but some reports emerging in the french media, suggest this may have been another cell preparing to carry out another attack. >> all right. jacky thank you for that update. the french president has saluted the people of the area for remaining calm during the raids. let's get more from jonah hull who is joining us from paris. tell us more about what hollande has been saying jonah. >> reporter: dareen the president has spoken several times, of course, since friday's attacks, and he has reinforced many of the same points, doing so again here on wednesday, making the point very clearly that those attacks were an act of war and con seeing eventually this country is in a state of war, and we know for three nights in a row french war planes have been in action in syria, above raqqa, the strong
hold of isil. hitting command and training centers. he made the point in his speech with the arrival in the theater of the aircraft carrier,er charles devaul, that those attacks will increase. but he is urging that all countries work together to wipe isil out. take a listen to what he had to say. >> translator: we are in a state of war, a war against a form of terrorism which has decided to declare war on us. it is the jihadis who have money, financial resources from oil, they commit massacres over there, and want to extend those killings over here. it concerns all french people.
>> jonah it's interesting what the president said about the tougher security measures, including giving the military more power. >> reporter: well, as well as this being a country in a state of war, it is of course also a country in a state of emergency declared by the president after friday's attacks. only the second time since the algerian civil war in the 60s that this country finds itself in this position. and it gives the police, army, and judiciary extra powers to be able to detain and question suspects, and carry out of the sort of arrests that we saw this morning, and other arrests across the country. the government is going to put to parliament a series of toughened measures including extending that state of emergency by three months, and
he said in his speech that he understood that that may involve some curtailing of france's most precious civil liberties, but that was a necessary measure to ensure the security of the nation. >> okay. thank you. still ahead on the news hour, millions of poor aragain tenias have been held, but krit circumstances say it is not the right answer to poverty. and in sport, michelle pat teeny's hoping of replacing sepp blatter is dealt a further blow. in that story is coming up a little later. ♪ first, though, france has carried out a third night of air strikes in syria against isil. the french defense ministry said ten fighter jets left bases in
jordan and the united arab emirates. they are targeting the town of raqqa. france said it would continue raids over raqqa and further south. iraq said it struck isil a targets in anbar province. the defense ministry released this video, which it says shows military depots being struck by air strikes. the fight against isil and the war in syria continue to drive refugees to europe. greece's prime minister is in turkey to discuss the crisis with his turkish counterpart. turkey has accepted more than 2 million refugees mostly from syria so far. bernard smith reports that hundreds continue to attempt the dangerous journey across the mediterranean. >> reporter: along turkey's coast, november is so far unseasonably mild and calm, but
for these refugees heading to the greek island of lesvos, the journey is still perilous. most of the people in this group are from afghanistan, a few are pakistani. >> i'm not interested in go to europe. europe is not better for me. afghanistan is better for me. but they take afghanistan from me. they do not let me to be in afghanistan. >> reporter: most are escaping from conflict, some are running from the poverty instability creates. >> in pakistan we can't work freely, because of you and americans. okay? >> go to europe, people dream. europe is better. >> reporter: threats from the coast guard are a brief deterrent. but there are thousands of kilometers of coastline to
patrol. some will always get through. it will take a major naval operation to stop the flow of rubber dingies that carried more than 200,000 refugees in october alone according to u.n. estimates. most were syrians. these were caught hiding in the bushes waiting for their smuggler. >> my land, my home. i love syria. >> reporter: he says what everyone we talk to says, they would rather be in their home country than crossing the sea. including this man and his 16 day old son. they are involved in this endless cycle. if they intercept refugees they check their names against wanted people and then they are bussed to holding centers, and if they are syrian, then they are set
free. and many will come here and try to cross to greece. all along you see the capitol of syria, and other unstable places draining away. most we met were educated and eager to contribute to society. the resolve to complete this journey will be needed again to get to europe. the program's director at the european counsel and foreign relations explains how politics plays a key role in the issues in europe following the paris attacks. >> the connection between migration, refugee crisis and terrorism is being made mainly for political reasons in europe. but this is in response by the european public to get some sort of solution to the crisis in the
middle east that spilled over in europe. people are fed up with not seeing any solution and any kind of proper management, neither of borders, nor of the route causes of this crisis, so i think this is now going to be the big push for european politicians to respond to it. and obviously linking migration and refugees with terrorism is a very easy, but very dangerous path. i think really this connection cannot be made. on the other hand what europeans fear is that even if one terrorist is among one -- let's say 100,000 refugees, then it's still bad enough. so the government should now really work on the external border of the e.u. and should make sure that this process of getting in refugees is much more structured, and the checks are much more thorough.
>> so we have been telling you about the raids in paris on wednesday as police tracked suspects connected to friday's attacks that look tase. let's speak to jonathan lawrence, a professor of political science. good to have you with us, jonathan. according to reports, seven suspects have now been arrested and also during those raids that took place, one woman blew herself up with a suicide belt. what do you make of these developments and what you have seen happen there? >> well, it's another additional blow, clearly to cohabitation of muslims and non-muslims in france. the incidence of suicide bombing had never been known in metropolitan france before. the shocks of january's attacks were great and profound, but limited in a sense in their
targets. >> so why is that happening now in your opinion? >> well, this is happening because there is a safe zone in sir and iraq for this kind of violence and propaganda to be expanding, and it takes route amongst the marginalized within french and other european societies. there are 5 million muslims in france and france is the largest muslim population in western europe. but it is not the highest proportion of foreign fighters. but france has a long history in the call own -- a long colonial history in the arab world which is not entirely settled, it also has a basic discomfort with religion in the public sphere, and islam is receiving the brunt
of anti-clericism. >> how do they differentiate between those communities and those radicalized people that are going to fight with isil? >> well, the radicalized people are 200th of 1% of muslims in france. so i think both the french public and french authorities know that the vast majority of fren french -- muslims have nothing to do with this. at the same time, since a handful of individuals can t literally ruin it for everyone, the country has to take its counter terrorism efforts more seriously, and create an environment where islam can be freely practiced. they have been trying to do
basic things, and all of this has been slow in coming, and i think the urgency is now clearer than ever. >> what kind of measures has france taken up until now to guarantee religious liberties for muslims? >> well, the major initiative is about 25 years of consultation with the main prayer federations in france. so this has culminated in something called the french counsel for the muslim faith, but it is responsible, only for religious affairs, and consists of a council of mosque administrators. they have been trying to create enough infrastructure for french islam. but that requires the cooperation of external actors that is something that is very controversial in france. that has slowed the progress of
certain necessary steps, such as creating a more of imams and theologians who know france well, and can comfortably practice in france. the other things that have been done, unfortunately, against religious liberties, such as banning the scarf could have ironic positive effects in a sense that they create a demand among muslim -- >> all right. i do apologize, i think we have lost the connection with jonathan lawrence. let's move on to other news. at least 32 people have died in an explosion in nigeria. the blast happened in a busy market area where traders were closing up for the day. at least 80 others were injured. our correspondent has more from abuja. >> reporter: the suicide bomber wanted to take as many lives as possible. he started sharing money -- or dishing out money to
people -- mostly women and children who were gathered at that market area, and then when a huge crowd gathered he detonated the device, killing those people and injuring a lot of people. just a few kilometers from where another suicide bomber attacked a mosque, killing dozens of people in the capitol. the military has driven boko haram from so many areas. they have claimed victory after victory on boko haram, but what the military operation has failed to do so far, is stop the fate of bombings happening across the country. we have since over the last five or six months, hundreds of people have been killed by boko haram, and a vast majority of those killed in these attacks are actually -- are actually killed by suicide bombers and ied's planted at locations such as markets, mosques, churches, and other -- and other places
where people patronize in large numbers. nigeria has run out of fuel. oil importers deny withholding petrol because of a payment dispute with the government. nigeria is africa's main oil exporter, but imports most of its oil as there is a lack of ability to refine it. caroline malone has this story. >> reporter: this man emerges from a gold mine in the depths of niger. it's intense work with basic machinery in scary conditions. >> translator: when you enter you feel deep fear. however it goes away over time. >> reporter: he is one of the gold miners who have come here
to make a living. one of the deepest mines is called guantanamo after the u.s. detention center, because of the fear minors have of being 60 meters underground. still that hasn't stopped the 6,000 people who have come here to work. >> translator: i was working and succeeded in finding gold. now i am going back to see my family. before gold i used to work in the smuggling business. >> reporter: gold has been mined in niger for 30 years. new sites were uncovered last year, and that has attracted more and more job seekers from neighboring countries. >> translator: i have come to niger in search of a job. four months have passed, and i haven't found one yet. >> reporter: the mine owners who make the biggest profits from gold say the facilities are
primitive and don't benefit the people of niger as much as gold digging could. >> translator: as mine owners we were urging the government to help extract gold with modern methods for the country and its people to benefit from its wealth. >> reporter: another commodity is that even more scare than gold, and also highly valued is water. many minor goes without washing for months, a sacrifice they are willing to make in the hunt for the gold that could make them rich. still ahead, malaysia's taxi drivers protest against what they say is the failure of their government to protect their business. we'll also tell you which nebraska of the knicks managed to up stage this man. details coming up in sport.
hour, a major police raid in france is now over. two were killed and at least seven were arrested. the french president francois hollande has praised the police involved. he said france will not give into fear and promised extra security to protect civilians in the wake of the attacks on friday which left over 129 people dead. at least 32 people have died in an explosion in nigeria, the blast happened in a busy market area, where traders were closing up for the day. at least 80 others were injured. so the raids in paris and france has now intensified attacks against isil. the group known variously as i.s., or isis, or daesh has grown into an organized group.
the islamic state of iraq and the levant was originally an offshoot of al-qaeda in iraq. it is establishing what it calls a caliphate. and that caliphate tries to act as a state. it's leader this is man. he is believed to be a veteran of the sunni insurgency against u.s. troops in iraq. the cia said last september that the group has somewhere between 20,000 and 31,000 foreign fighters including about 2,000 westerners, people from jordan, saudi arabia, tunisia, and check nia all represents in the group's ranks. it uses a social media arm to help with global recruiting. we're joined with a man can a strategic security agency, and
martin is a 21-year veteran of the fbi. and you specialize in counter terrorism. i'm reading those figures about the fighters that join isil and also when you look at what has happened in the recent past, when you look at the bombing of the russian plane over the sinai, that happened in october, then you had the beirut attacks in -- in lebanon, and now the paris attacks. what does this tell you about the reach of isil? >> quite a lot, actually. if you look just three weeks ago, a month go, the general consensus worldwide was that isil was really going to have to focus on the local issue, iraq and syria, in maintaining their control there. and they had their provinces in yemen and west africa that would work locally there also. but this is something knew. starting in the sinai with the downing of the russian airliner, and then last weekend in france.
so isil has expanded. but this hasn't been recent. this takes time. what happened in france takes a lot of preparation. it could be weeks or longer. identify a site, get the operations team in there, set up surveillance, alternate and primary routes, and how do you get the key players. the leader, the bomb makers, and the communication cell, how to get them out of there without being caught. >> has the world underestimated the strength of isil? >> yes. nobody expected that isil could do what they did in iraq, and they swept right in, and it has been a magnet for recruits ever since. french, european, and north american officials have known for two years now the number of foreign fighters going into iraq and syria --
>> but still, the fact that this could take place in paris, shows that -- you know where you assume intelligence services are really good, this shows you that there must be a hole somewhere >> well, it goes back to the sheer numbers of hard core terrorists that are out there now. they are overwhelming the ct capabilities of most countries. there are far more terrorists to keep track of than resources to cover them. >> what are the latest figures that you have on the number of fighters joining isil. >> i think the most cent numbers that came out in september, you actually include about 5,000 europeans. if you look at the top ten countries of origin, france is right at number -- russia is at number 4, those numbers range anywhere from 2,000 up to 4,000.
france is fairly solid idly there at number a 5, with 1500 foreign fighters. >> why? >> large muslim community in france, and the feeling of di n disenfranchisement. there are a host of reasons. the reasons in france will be different than what it would be in iraq or syria, or north america. grievances are local. france is taking military action in iraq and syria, but the other big problem, the elephant in the room are they have to address the conditions inside their of their own borders. >> right, but when you talk about the military, is the military solution the way forward here? i'm just reading on a newswire. the u.s. and the allies, the coalition, has launched 16 strikes in iraq, and 13 in
syria, so is this the way forward to fight isil? >> no. if you look back at the major wars in afghanistan, terrorism is worse there than when it started. in iraq, terrorism is by far worse there now than it was 12 years ago. the military solution is not the end all. there has to be a political solution. there has to be in the case of iraq and syria, a diplomatic solution, but just as importantly, each country that has a radicalization problem, has to address the root causes. and those issues are different from country to country, and region, to region. >> thank you very much. >> you are welcome. isil fighters have beheaded a malaysian captive.
a woman abducted at the same time as been released. hundreds of muslims have marched across india against isil following the attacks in paris. members of the islamic group said they are protesting against terrorism. the group said islam doesn't advocate atrocities, and that it's a religion of peace and brotherhood. it's day one of the annual a-pac summit in the philippines. barack obama started the meetings with pressure on china to stop building artificial islands >> reporter: just as they had promised, a-pac leaders kept politics out of the agenda, and only talked trade. u.s. president barack obama
spoke first and focused on the need to address climate change. next up the chinese president. he newsed nautical metaphors in his speech, but no mention of the construction of islands in the south china sea. >> translator: the cooperation will play roles of a policy platform and incubator. we will seek closer cooperation in the blue, green, and urbanization economy. on the sidelines of the summit, what are being seen as messages to china, vietnam and the philippines signed a strategic agreement. and president obama visited the flagship of the philippine navy. he announced the u.s. will be sending two more navy ships to the philippines, and reiterated u.s. commitment to freedom of vav gags. he discussed the disputes with
the philippine president. the pill -- philippines is one of six claimants in the sea. >> the united states supports the philippines decisions to use arbitration under the u.n. convention law of the sea to peacefully and lawfully address differences. >> reporter: also on the sidelines, philippine police have been busy. anti-u.s., anti-china, anti-trade deals, anti-all sorts of things, there have been many demonstrations here almost daily since last week. activists making the most of being under the world's spotlight because of a-pac and making sure their concerns are heard. many filipinos are angry at their own government for what they see as an unnecessary expense to host the international conference. >> translator: we hosted a-pac years ago too, and what has
happened since then? nothing. they said things would improve. but they haven't. >> reporter: this year's a-pac meeting will close on thursday, despite criticism, economic delegates say there will be more to the summit's outcome than just empty talk. taxi drivers in malaysia are protesting against services like uber and at-car. they say the government needs to protect them. >> reporter: the organizers of this event had hoped that several thousand taxi drivers would gather around the parliament building so they could get their voices heard. they are angry at the way the licensing authority in this country has to insist that they are verified, all of these taxis are verified, and yet countries such as uber are not. and they want these companies
deemed illegal. these men and women feel their livelihoods are being diminished. >> we taxi drivers now cann cannot -- survive. because my customers all go to uber. >> reporter: would you like the government to do? in >> they must reform their system and control the licensing to ensure that the taxi drivers are no exploited. >> reporter: the organizers say they will give the government two weeks to address their concerns, and if they don't, they will take their demonstration on to the streets bringing the capitol to a potential stand still. a new president after this weekend's runoff, but both candidates have said they will continue the program aimed at
helping the poor. our correspondent reports from buenos aires. >> reporter: this person has been receiving economic help from the government since her daughter was born four years ago. it gives her around $50 a month per child to a family, in exchange for health checkups and school a tend dance. >> translator: it helps to cover the costs of having a child. >> reporter: most parents bringing their children to this school agree. one of the poorest areas in the province of buenos aires where many depend on the government's economic program to subsist. the child allowance is one of the most popular policies implemented. both presidential candidates have vowed to continue implementing it, because it has helped millions of poor people
arrange the country. the universal child allowance is just one of the over 60 social plans in place. budget data indicates that over 18 million cash transfers will be made this year, at a cost of almost $17 billion. this man is a social leader in the area. he has been fighting to help the unemployed, and criticizes the government for using the plans to win supporters. >> translator: they say it is a benefit. and if there is a benefit, there is a ben facto. and who are they? the government? the plans are right and not a go aid. >> reporter: and the opposition agrees. many year believe social plans were a good first step to help people recover from the economic crisis of 2001, but it is not a permanent solution to poverty in
argentina. >> translator: i think that those families should be followed by social policies of second generation, inclusive policies that bring equality. where the dependency on social plan is no longer necessary. >> reporter: elections are only a few days away. most economists agree that argenti argentina's economy is in trouble, social plans are so popular, that they are something neither candidate will dare touch. if you use skin moisturer, the chances are it contains an ingredient that comes from nigeria. that country is home to nearly half of the world's trees producing a natural oil that is made into shia butter. nigerian producers say they are not making enough money from it. >> reporter: women who depend on these trees, say they should make more money from the nuts
that fall from them. the puts are used to make moisturer. it is also an ingredient in many skin care processes. any women process the butter mainly by hand. it is sold for $1.5 a liter. the price in the shop is at least $30. >> it's the middleman. those are our challenges. the middlemen buy at the cheapest price and they take it somewhere and sell it at the highest price. >> reporter: the global share alliance says the trade would be worth $50 billion by 2020. nigeria grows almost half of the world's shea butter trees. every year nigeria loses over $1.7 billion in potential profits from the export of shea butter. that's according to the nigeria
export promotion council. local producers don't have the stills no meet import rules in the most profitable markets, the u.s. and europe. >> qualify -- quality is one of the biggest challenges. the growers, train them through best practices. >> reporter: this trade fair was organized to showcase the best of shea butter product. industry leaders say quality is being improved. one of the problems is the high levels of naturally occurring fatty acids. >> [ inaudible ] centers, we're working on putting lab -- like a mini lab in each center, so we are able to process and at the same time check the quality of the butter before it has been exported or sent out. >> reporter: they are hoping
they will have more money in their pocket. but industry leaders say they need more than $2 billion worth of investment to realize its full potential, not easy to find with the economic downturn. still ahead on the news hour. meet the liberian boy who has won an international award for his efforts to end violence against children. and tributes flow in for the brazilian super star after his death at the age of 40.
in the united states leaving a tip in a restaurant does more than ensuring good service. waitresses and waiters rely on the generosity of their patrons to increase their pay. kristen saloomey reports from new york. >> reporter: new york's dirt candy is a restaurant specializing in fancy vegetarian cuisine. while customers may come here for the unique dishes, by law the chefs can't share in the wait staff's tips. low kitchen pay was making it hard for the owner to find and keep good chefs, until she decided to do away with tipping all together. >> the only way i know how to keep is cook is pay them more.
think hosts made a lot of money, but they were helped by the staff. >> they now charge a 25% administrative fee in lieu of a tip. wait staff make less money, but they like having a predictable income. >> it's consistent every single day, which is nice, because you can count on that. >> profit-sharing plan helps sweeten the deal. this is one of the first restaurants to do away with tipping, but other restaurants are now following suit. this change comes amid the push to increase the wage of fast-food workers to $15 an hour. but tipped workers make an even lower minimum wage of just $2 a 13 an hour. and while servers can pocket hundreds of dollars in shifts,
the national average is less than $9 an hour. >> we want to have one minimum wage like everybody else. when you go anywhere in the country to get services you don't tip. >> reporter: this celebrity chef announced a no tipping policy, but most restaurants are worried about raising prices. even though customers at dirt candy found it easier to have the tip incorporated into the bill. >> i think it takes a lot of pressure off of the customers, and i think it's the wave of the future. >> reporter: it may take a while before other restaurants decide to take tips off of the menu. now it's time for sports. here is farah. >> dareen thank you so much. sepp blatter and michel
platini have had their appeals rejected against their 90-ban. the uefa president was banned along with blatter last month while they investigate corruption claims against them. blatter is under investigation over a $2 billion payment to platini. blatter's lawyers say there is no evidence of wrongdoing. is angela merkel says the cancellation of her country's friendly with the netherlands on tuesday was the right decision. the match was called off just a couple of hours before kickoff. the stadium was evacuated after police said they received concrete information of a plan to set off explosives inside the venue. no explosion is have been found and no arrests have been made.
>> translator: i was just as sad as the millions of fans that this cancellation had to happen. but the security agencies took a responsible decision. these are difficult decisions. possibly the most difficult decisions between freedom and security. but yesterday it was taken in favor of security, and that's right. world number 2 andy murray is currently on court against nadal in the finals. this is their second group game in london. the top two in each group qualified for the semis. nadal is on the brink of claiming the second set. after going on an eight-game winning streak, the cleveland cavaliers have lost for a second time in a row, going down 99-104 to the pistons. the knicks beat charlotte on tuesday for a second straight win. but new york's star man was up
staged by rookie teammate. the latvian netted 29 points of his own. final score 102-94 to the knicks. rory mcelroy has a chance to win a third crown. he world tour championship begins on thursday. he irishman remains the leader of the race despite his absence earlier. >> it's totally in my hands. if i win the tournament, i win the overall thing no matter what anyone else does. so obviously that's the main objective this week, and i feel like i'm playing well enough to do that. >> the author of the report that detailed anti-doping in russia, says the country should be ready
in time to send its athletes to next year's olympics. a country that can spending $51 million to host the olympics should be able to fix its system. >> russia built sochi in seven years, so this is child's play. all you need is -- is direction from the political authorities to say, look, [ inaudible ] is independent, the lab is independent, and anybody who doesn't make that happen is in trouble. >> now heads of state, fans, team mates, and former rivals have been expressing shock and sadness at the unexpected of jonah lomo, the new zealand rugby legend died at the age of 40. he had battled kidney problems. richard martin reports. >> reporter: jonah was one of
rugby's greatest. he became the youngest-ever all black in 1994 when the made his debut at the age of 19. >> there is no one like him. and probably never will be. >> reporter: it was the world cup the following year that he became a star. he scored seven tries in the tournament. his performance against england, being one of the most iconic moments in the sport's history. ultimately the all blacks would lose to the hosts south africa in front of nelson mandela. a year later a rare kidney disease saw him take time off. he had to compete at lower-league level, but managed to play at the 1999 world cup. he scored eight tries in england, taking his tournament total to 15. >> we'll be remembered for his
sportersmanship. >> reporter: health problems would end his all black career in 2002 after 63 caps and 37 tries. he tried to return to the sport in 2005, a year after a kidney transplant. the second transplant was needed in 2011, and he was awaiting third before his death. at the age of 40, he spent the last months of his life watching his country win the world cup in england. he may not have achieved that feet himself, but he'll be remembered as the world's first global superstar. >> that's all of your sport for now. >> thank you very much. this year's international peace prize winner returned home to nigeria. he was given a hero's welcome. the teenager won the award for
his campaign to end violence against children. victoria gatenby reports. >> reporter: in the township of west point, people couldn't be prouder of this boy. this is a poor area in one of the poorest countries on earth. but his award has given them something to celebrate. he had this message for the children of liberia. >> when you are striving [ inaudible ] no matter the obstacles or [ inaudible ] that may come your way, you should always remain focused yes, that [ inaudible ] i'm also the first west african to win this award. >> reporter: he was just nine years old when he started campaigning for changes to the law to bet proer text children. he is now 17. one politician who has worked with abraham praised his dead
indication. >> the children of the slum community has been his concern, and with this prestigious award, he needs to keep them on his mind. the platform has been created. >> reporter: children in west point live with poverty and injustice on a daily basis. but his award has inspired him. >> [ inaudible ]. >> reporter: he says justice in liberia is not for the poor, only for the rich. he hopes his award will help him change things for the better. victoria gatenby, al jazeera. that's it for the news hour and for myself and the team here in doha, but we do hand you over to london. they'll have a full bulletin of news coming your way in just a moment. and i would like to point you to the direction of our website,
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a woman blows herself up and a man is shot dead as french police raid an apartment and hunt for the paris attackers. ♪ hello, i'm lauren taylor this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. boko haram blamed for a suicide bombing in nigeria that has killed more than 30 people and injured 80 others. into the unknown, we meet more of the refugees risking everything to reach europe. and a fresh look at very old pictures reveals