a woman blows herself up and a man is shot dead as french police raid an apartment and hunt for the paris attackers. ♪ hello, i'm lauren taylor this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. boko haram blamed for a suicide bombing in nigeria that has killed more than 30 people and injured 80 others. into the unknown, we meet more of the refugees risking everything to reach europe. and a fresh look at very old pictures reveals surprising new
details about an ill fated antarctic adventure. two people have died and seven are under arrest after french police raided an apartment, looking for those behind friday's paris attacks. hundreds of specialist officers and soldiers ascended on the area. they were looking for this man. he is believed to have organized the attacks in paris. they confronted gunfire, explosives, and a woman wearing a suicide vest. as andrew simmons reports from paris. [ explosion ] [ gunfire ] >> reporter: once again, gunfire and later on explosions in paris. a residential suburb looks and sounds like a war zone. ♪ [ gunfire ]
>> reporter: it's a raid by security forces under the cover of darkness, and they met fierce resistance. for more than three hours, the gunfire continued. >> translator: since 4:00 this morning, french special forces police have carried out an operation to neutralize terrorists. seven people were arrested, two have died. >> reporter: police say one of the dead suspects was a woman wearing a suicide vest who blew herself up. for hours now this paris suburb has been in deep shock. when gunfire and explosions rattled windows, waking people up in the early hours, everyone had thought this was another attack. but no, it was a prolonged fire fight between a heavily armed group, holed up in an apartment down at the bottom of this street, and the police. the police operation is believed
to have been in search of one of the main suspects. he is belgian of moroccan orig n origin. french authorities have maintained that he is likely to have been responsible for organizing the attacks. and initially they said he was in syria. he travelled there to fight alongside isil. >> translator: we have done a lot of work which has allowed us to obtain elements that could allow us to think that he may be in the conspirator's apartment. >> reporter: as the operation carried on, this man spoke of how his apartment had been taken over. >> translator: i found out that it's at my house, and that the people are holed up at any flat. i didn't know they were terrorists. someone asked me a favor, they asked me to put two people up for three days, and i did them a favor. it's normal. >> reporter: not surprisingly people in this district are
frightened and confused. >> translator: so i opened the windows and i saw a policeman who was running in the street behind people, and shouting don't move, don't move. close the windows. we shut the windows, we stayed home, but every 15 minutes we could hear loud booms. >> reporter: police say arrests have been made of suspects from the apartment and the build nearby. this may have been a break through, but questions persist about the quality of intelligence in the run up to last week's attacks. andrew simmons, al jazeera, in paris. let's look at more detail now at how the events unfolded at 4:25 am, an elite police team moved in on the apartment. it is near france's national stadium which was attacked on friday. as the raid began, a woman
wearing a suicide vest blew herself up, she was a cousin of the main suspect they are hunting. another man was killed by police. several officers were injured. by 9:00 pm police confirmed they arrested three people in the apartment, another man and woman were detained nearby. the operation ended with the arrests of two more men hiding in the apartment. mohammed jamjoom is live in paris for us. so give us more information about what the police have been saying about how this raid unfolded and what they have been able to gather from the evidence they found? >> reporter: the raid is over, but there are still forensic teams here collecting evidence. they are still investigating exactly what happened trying to make a determination of all of the events that happened earlier in the day. the raid, the siege and so forth. the mood here is not as intense as it was just a few hours back,
although there is still quite a heavy security presence nch more residents are starting to come out, trying to question what happened today, but it is clear that there will be much of a security presence trying to figure out exactly what happened. we're still waiting on more specifics from french authorities. there will be a press conference in the next couple of hours. we expect they will give the latest details as far as the suspects. there were seven arrested and two killed in these raids. perhaps more names will be released more identifications will be released, and we're expecting that to happen in the next couple of hours. >> what about the authorities themselves? what have they been saying. >> reporter: today the president addressed the country.
he said in fact this was an attack on the freedom of france. he said he wants to see parliament vote on an extension to three months of the state of emergency that is now in place. he said although this will be restrictive to some freedoms here they need to do this to reestablish freedoms going forward. he said this is a war on terror. the terrorists that have been attacking liberties here in france, they want to attack the heart of france, and he said this really needs to happen -- lawmakers really need to come together in order to make sure that france is as secure as possible, and that they can stamp out thesing kinds of terrorists coming into france trying to attack this country. we're expecting that a vote will take place tomorrow on whether or not the state of emergency will be extended for three months. that will happen most likely tomorrow. but as i said, as of now, the main thing we're expecting to hear is this press conference with the prosecutor general, and
we expect more details about those suspects involved. >> mohammed jamjoom with the latest. thank you. france has carried out a third night of air strikes against isil in syria, in retaliation for the paris attacks. the defense ministry sent ten fighter jets. targeting isil command centers in the town of raqqa. france said it will continue raids in coming days over raqqa and to the south. france's only aircraft carry has left the country to join the operations. the vessel carries 20 aircraft, allowing france to increase the number of raids it is staging against isil targets. ♪
>> the islamic state of iraq and the levant has published an image of the bomb it says brought down an asian airliner. it says it smuggled the bomb on to the plane after discovering lack security at the airport. the group claims the original target was a western airliner, but tactics changed after russian began its operations in syria. boko haram has bombed an area in nigeria. the explosioner to through a crowded fruit and vegetable market. the president vowed that the enemies of humanity will never win. we received this update from the capitol. >> reporter: the suicide bomber wanted to take as many lives as possible. he started sharing money -- or
dishing out money to people, mostly women and children who were gathered at that market area, and then when a huge crowd gathered, he detonated the device, killing those people and injuring a lot of people. a few kilometers away, there was another bomb killing dozens of people in the state capitol. the military has driven boko haram from so many areas, claiming victory after victory on boko haram, but what the military operation has done so far is stop the bombings happening across the country. we have since over the last five or six months, since the president came to power, hundreds of people have been killed by boko haram. and the vast number killed are killed by suicide bombers and ied's planted at markets,
mosques, churches, and other places where people gather in large numbers. the greek prime minister meeting with his turkish counterpart. he says greece and turkey need to do more to fight human smuggling rings. more than 600,000 people have reached greece so far this year. turkey is currently home to 2.2 million refugees most from syria. and hundreds continue to attempt the dangerous boat journey despite the approaching winter. >> reporter: along turkey's coast, november is so far, unseasonably mild and calm. but for these refugees, heading to the greek island of lesvos, the journey is still perilous. already this morning 40 people have drowned in the waters here.
seven were children. most of the people in this group are from afghanistan, a few are pakistani. >> translator: i am not interested in going to europe. afghanistan is better for me. but they take afghanistan from me. >> reporter: most are escaping from conflict, some are running from the poverty. >> in pakistan we can't work freely, because of you and americans. okay? >> go to europe people dream. europe is better. >> reporter: threats from the coast guard are a brief deterrent. but there are thousands of kilometers of coastline to patrol. some will always get through. it would take a major naval operation to stop the flow of rubber dingies that carried over
200,000 in september alone. most are syrians. >> syria is my home. yes. my land, my home. i love syria. >> reporter: he says what everyone we talk to says, they would rather be in their home country than crossing the sea. >> reporter: the local security forces tell us they are involved in this endless cycle. if they intercept refugees they will register them and check their names against a list of wanted people. if they are syrian they will then be set free, and many will come back down here and try again to cross to greece. all along the coastline, you see the human capital of syria and other unstable places draining away. most of the people we met were educated and eager to contribute
to society. the resolve they have called on to make this journey will be needed again when they get to europe. bernard smith, al jazeera, on turkey's aegean coast. coming up . . . a demonstration turns violent in greece. we'll tell you why farmers there are so angry. also why all that glitters is not necessarily gold.
hello again, a reminder of the top stories. two people with dead and seven have been detained following predawn raids in paris. hundreds of police ascended on an apartment in the suburbs targeting a man believed to be responsible for the attacks. isil has published images of the bomb it says brought down the russian airliner. and the greek prime minister holds talks with his counterpart in turkey. more on paris now, joining me is a research fellow at the london-based think tank. thank you for joining us. these raids, they arapparently looking for the ringleader. we don't know whether he is
amongst the people that were killed there. how significant is it that they have managed to track people down quite quickly? >> i think it proves they have done their work, but at the same time, there is a lucky break in the sense they have found [ inaudible ] at some address. that's why he understand now why france decided to ban all shows during the weekend, because it probably knew then that this cell was more important, it involved more people than the ones involved on friday night, and therefore that they were fearing new attacks in paris and the fact that they managed to get to this address and arrest so many people and kill some, we can see they were very determined people, like this woman who blew herself up, show that maybe they were right. >> that leads to questions to whether perhaps these people should have been on the radar, but it seems there is a big net
that has been cast now. >> yeah. >> it is your impression they may have now got the manpower now? >> they have devoted manpower to this precise action, and they carried out [ inaudible ] on people, they essentially went fishing. and maybe when going fishing they found some good leads that lead them to [ inaudible ] and there was another cell there, whether they were ready to go into action, we don't know yet, but the big burst this morning on french radio were they were hoping they would catch the lead leader, the mastermind of these attacks, who tend to coordinate all actions of french-speaking terrorists. >> they are going to have to focus on the bomb makers.
somebody has to be able to make those. and we have also seen in the last few hours the fact that isil are putting out this picture of what they say is the bomb that might have brought down the russian airliner. how difficult is going to be to track down these sort of people that are making the bombs for isil. and where does their expertise come from? >> we don't know yet, but possible some expertise has been gained in syria, you know, obviously, in these training centers. and there's apparently a very active cell in [ inaudible ], and maybe that's where they manufactured these bombs, and it's quite easy to put them across -- go across the borders, because from france to belgium you go without being stopped most of the time. now they have closed the borders, and we'll see whether that puts a stop to it, but
bombs can be made anywhere. and they have enough [ inaudible ] who have been trained, they have about 500 jihadists in syria, some have come back, and some of these guys went and woman even went to do the training in syria, who actually apparently are among -- many of them were fairly competent. >> thank you very much indeed for coming to talk to us. tear gas has been used as riot police have attempted to disperse crowds in kosovo's capitol. unrest over the relationship with its former ruler serbia entered a second day. protesters pelted stones and molotov cocktails at police. it comes after protesters fired tear gas in parliament on tuesday. and in athens there are
protests against planned tax increases. they through stones and oranges at riot police. u.s. president barack obama has put pressure on china to stop building islands in the south china sea. >> reporter: u.s. president barack obama spoke first at the a-pac summit, and focused on the need to deal with climate change. next up was chinese president. he used nautical metaphors in his speech, but made no mention of the controversial con struck sthun -- construction of islands. >> translator: it will play roles of a policy platform and
incubator. we will seek closer operation in the internet economy, blue, and green economy and urbanization. >> reporter: on the sidelines, in what are being seen as messages to china, vietnam and the philippines signed a strategic agreement. and president obama visited the flagship of the philippine navy, and announced that the u.s. will be sending two more navy ships to the philippines. obama discussed the regional maritime disputes with the philippine president, a u.s. ally, the philippines one of six claimants to portions of the south china sea. >> together we support a rule-based order in the region, which is critical to region security and the global economy. that's why we support the
peaceful addressing of differences. >> reporter: also on the sidelines, philippine police have been busy. anti-u.s., anti-china, anti-trade deals, anti-all sorts of things, there have been demonstrations almost daily. many filipinos are angry at their own government at what they see as an unnecessary cost to host the summit. this year's a-pac meeting will close on thursday. despite krim schism, economic delegates say there will be more to the summit's outcome than just empty talk. and speaking at a-pac malaysia's prime minister confirmed that [ inaudible ]
fighters have beheaded a malaysian hostage in the philippines. he was abducted in may and held captive. a woman kidnapped at the same time has been released. there is a gold rush in niger, thousands of hopeful diggers rushed to the country, but many are going home empty handed. >> reporter: this man emerges from a gold mine in the depth of niger. it's intense work with basic machinery in scary conditions. >> translator: when you enter you feel deep fear. however the fear slowly goes away overtime. now i don't have much fear. >> reporter: he is one of the many gold miners who have come here to make a living. one of the deepest mines is called guantanamo after the u.s. detention center because of the fears minors have of being 60
meters underground. still that hasn't stopped the 6,000 people who came here for work. >> translator: i have come. i was working and succeeded in finding some gold. now i'm going back to see my family. before gold i used to work in the smuggling business. >> reporter: gold has been mined here for 30 years. new sites were uncovered last year, that has attracted more and more job seekers from neighboring countries. >> translator: i have come to ni -- nigher in search of a job. i haven't found one yet. >> reporter: the owners say the facilities are primitive and don't benefit the people of the
area as much as it could. another commodity that is even more scarce is water. many minors go without washing for months. caroline malone, al jazeera. a new exdecision is shedding light on the antarctic exhibition a hundred years ago. jessica baldwin went to see newly enhanced images. >> reporter: marooned for months in the antarctic, a far cry from their goal of becoming the first men to cross the icy continent. the official photographer took hundreds of images. they have now been digitized and enlar
enlarged. it's easy to forget how difficult photography was a hundred years ago. add to that the hostile environment. it was dark for a good portion of the year, so he had to use flairs to light his subjects. the ship eventually did sink, leaving the men to camp on a slab of ice, never knowing if it would break free. polar explorer jim mcneil knows more than anyone what it is like to lead an expedition to the unknown. he has been doing it for 30 years. >> i should think he's a really unhappy person. he came down here to make a name for himself. he's in danger of this being complete disaster and no one surviving at this stage. so he is very concerned. >> reporter: he devised activities to keep the men busy, weighing the dogs and other come pleatly nonessential tasks
became part of the daily routine. >> i don't tell anyone else about entertainment and retreat, because you have to keep that morale up, and it's so important to do so, so people bring out their treats at various times. >> reporter: shackleton sailed 1200 kilometers to south georgia and returned with a tiny ship. hurley has to leave behind many of his plated -- plaits, but it's an amazing record. it's an extraordinary story of survival, and these new pictures really give you a sense of what the men went through. some artifacts are on show at the royal geographical society, including the flag given by the british king. the trip did make history, not for exploration, but for
endurance. and you can always catch up with all of the news we're covering on our website. and you can watch us live by clicking on the watch live icon. the address again, aljazeera.com. gunfire erupting in a paris suburb, french special police raiding the suspected hideout of the mastermind behind last week's attacks. >> at least two of those suspects are dead, more under arrest, as french investigators try