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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 19, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EST

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london next. ♪ the chief suspect in the paris attacks is confirmed dead as france extends state of emergency. ♪ hello, you are watching al jazeera, live from london. also coming up, four israelis and a palestinian are killed in the latest attacks in israel and the occupied territory. waiting for a decision, the iraqi villages left empty while politicians discuss who controls them. also, why europe's leading modern art galleries are imagining a future where art is
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banned. ♪ our top story, france has confirmed dhaet of the man police believe planned and chord nalted the paris attacks. forensic example mers identified the remains of abdelhamid abaaoud from an apartment which was raided on wednesday. french politicians have voted to extend the country's state of emergency for another three months. the prime minister pressed for the extension saying it would help prevent further attacks, which he warned would involve chemical or biological weapons. he called on europe to work together to defend itself against further attacks. >> translator: among the six attacks that were foiled or
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presented by french intelligence since spring 2015, abaaoud was implicated in four of them. paris is one of the most serious attacks perpetrated on european soil. there is a need for collective consciousne consciousness. >> reporter: this is the man that french security officials believe planned and organized last friday's attacks, belgian born, 27-year-old abdelhamid abaaoud seen here in video footage filmed perhaps in syria where he spent time fighting for the islamic state. date unknown. >> translator: i would like to send a message to those who stayed sitting. standing up, spring, jump, rush for the victory. are you satisfied with this life you have, staying home? sitting at your place? this humiliating life whether it's in europe, arka, arabic
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countries, america, this humiliating life where you call yourself muslim. >> reporter: according to officials quoted in a "new york times" report, abaaoud was among a number of european citizens fighting for isil in syria, now making their way back to the continent to plot attacks. security agencies became aware of his presence in athens last december, then traveled back to syria. >> translator: look for pride and honor. you will only find it in your religion. you will only find it in your religion. in jihadism. >> reporter: the young man who railed againsts the lyes of muslims in europe, had himself enjoyed a life of privilege in the brussel's suburbs where police raids took place this week.
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his father owned a clothing business. he attended an exclusive school, among his friends, one of the paris suicide attackers, the other still on the run. abaaoud is thought to have first travelled to syria in early 2014 where he quickly embraced isil's propaganda, calling on muslims in europe to rise up. he also bragged online about the's with which he was able to travel between europe and syria, and that appears to be a major security lapse by the intelligence services. accounts of abdelhamid abaaoud suggest a man not just with personal passion for the ideology, but something else, friends in a brussel's suburb, restless dropouts, searching for meaning. it seems he was able to offer them only. the lower house of flans's parliament has voted to extend
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its state of emergency for three months. it will now go to the senate on friday wroo -- where it is likely to pass says. it allows police to imhose house arrest without a court order, mass gatherings and protests can be banned, and people's movements restricted. controls can also be exercised over the media, but the government says it won't impose these provisions. mohammed jamjoom joins us live now from central paris. what more can you tell us about these special measures and the impact they are having on the country? >> reporter: yesterday the president addressed the country and lawmakers here and stated that these measures were needed. they would curve some freedoms in an effort to later on
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reestablish those freedoms for the french. the president has said on many occasions that this is needed. this state of emergency needs to be extended so that the french citizenry will be safer in the long run. that being said, these are sweeping measures. it will make it much easier for policemen to raid homes, go into buildings. they will be able to put people under house arrest. and one of the things that was interesting as you stated just a moment ago, is that -- already today the government has stated that while these measures would allow them to limit what the media is doing, that they do not intend to take those measures. so it will be interesting to see what happens tomorrow. it is widely expected this will pass in the senate. practically all of the lawmakers have rallied behind calls to try
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to make sure that these measures are passed and so far it looks as though they will be as a whole. >> one fear in the aftermath of the attacks is around polarization, division between communities. you have been speaking to muslims in the city of paris, what do they tell you? and how are they feeling at the moment? >> reporter: we were in several predominantly muslim neighborhoods, populated by many members of the north african community all around paris. and i can tell you there is a deepening worry about these measures. practically everybody that we spoke with today told us that they were very concerned that they were now going to be made a target because of what happened in paris in the last few days. if spoke at length to us, about how throughout their lives they felt marginallized, even though
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many were born and raised in france, they always felt that friend. citizens especially the elite treated them as foreigners. what was more interesting was the fact there is so much fear being expressed as well. practically all of the people would not speak to us on camera. they were too afraid to do so. when we asked them, you could see the fear in their eyes, because they are worried about reprisal if they say anything critical. also i must add everybody i spoke with today and yesterday, all condemned the attacks. all said that they did not sympathize with the attackers, and they do agree more measures should be taken, but they also want to see more of an outreach
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to muslim communities here, so the underlying tensions can really start being repaired. and these problems don't persist going forward. >> mohammed jamjoom thank you very much. police in belgium have arrested nine people in more raids in the the suburb just outside of brussels. some of the attackers in paris has linked to belgium. >> translator: we want to act along four major lines. fist, to eradicate messages of hate and calls to violence. second to concentrate efforts and our moons on individuals who have been flagged as potentially dangerous. third to strengthen the security measure. and finally, to act on an
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international level. ♪ now two israels, and one palestinian have been killed in further violence in the occupied west bank. two palestinians who are now in custody are said to have shot at cars. in a separate attack in tel-aviv at least two israelis were killed when they were stabbed. the victims were both men. police say the 24-year-old palestinian attacker has been taken into custody. 16 israelis and 88 palestinians have now been killed in such incidents since the beginning of last month. >> translator: everybody started running. we ran upstairs. we saw a man lying on the ground bleeding. it was a place where people were praying. someone got inside and stabbed him. the second one didn't make it inside and was stabbed in his throat. one of them was caught upstairs.
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meanwhile isil is boosting its defenses in the syrian city of raqqa as it prepares for more air strikes. activists say fighters are hiding in civilian neighborhoods and preventing anybody from fleeing. they have also placed fires filled with fuel on the outskirts which they will set on fire. they are also making the most of the natural defenses. the u.s.-backed kurdish-lead forces say it is closer to one isil position. >> reporter: the attacks in paris last week have an an effect far beyond the borders of france. the target isil strong hold in
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raqqa. the u.s. and russia have also stepped up their campaigns. overnight, russian bombs hit oil fields controlled by isil. >> this is going to be another in my view strategic mistake that the west is dealing with another -- a second war on terrorism, which is not going to be any different from the first war on terrorism that failed miserably, and replaced al-qaeda with daesh. >> reporter: russia began air strikes at the end of september, but most of its bombs have hit territory held by rebels opposed to president assad. president obama says peace will be impossible as long as assad stays in power. >> most of though strikes have been directed at propping up the
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assad regime, so they will have to make a fundamental shift, i believe, in policy. >> reporter: but despite international criticism, assad's position appears to be strengthening. in his latest interview he down played isil's strength in syria. twrn if you want to talk about the strength of isil, the first thing you have to ask is how much of an incubator, natural incubator you have in a certain society. i can tell you isil doesn't have the natural or social incubator within syria. >> reporter: negotiations to produce a ceasefire failed on thursday. the talks had been going on for a number of days, and were mediated by russia. further evidence that assad is being strengthened by moscow. much more to come for you on
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al jazeera. we'll tell you why this toilet is causing quite a stink in one south african village. also --
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>> our american story is written everyday. it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. welcome back. the top stories. france confirms that abdelhamid abaaoud the man they believe planned last friday's attacks in paris was killed in a raid on
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wednesday. france's lower house has approved the extension of a state of emergency for three months. it allows police to conduct raids without warrants. and following the attacks, air strikes continue against the isil strong hold of raqqa in northern syria. well over the border, kurdish peshmerga forces in northern iraq are also trying to contain isil. but some vial agers are concerned that if they leave their homes the kurds won't let them return. imran khan has more. >> reporter: the kurdish peshmerga forces keep watch. this is the front line, soldiers from the 14th division hold the village here. the local captain shows al jazeera the front lines and says the successful operation to defeat isil in the town of sin yar last week has given them hope. >> translator: we are waiting for an agreement between the
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iraqi central government and the coalition and the kurdish regional government on a plan to advance and air support will be key. >> reporter: that air support is problematic. about a kilometer and a half that way are elz-held front line positions. this base comes under regular attack by them, shelling and small arms and sniper fire that are a real problem for the forces here, especially in this type of weather when they can't fly drone strikes in support of the kurdish peshmerga. there is a fear that once isil is defeated the kurds will take over the area the commander of the front says iraqis security forces aren't capable of holing the area. >> we liberated this air. now we are liberated. now we are responsible to protect this area, and now we
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are responsible and -- for protecting this area. >> reporter: for now a displaced arabs wait in camps outside the main city of erbil and wonder if they will ever be allowed home. >> reporter: we want to go back to our villages. i would rather live in a tent in my own village. >> reporter: they can't come back to villages like this. all around here you can see hints of the fighting that took place. no one will be able to return until the kurdish regional government and baghdad agree on a plan. in that plan has been stalled for months because no one can agree on who will control this territory. leaving these villages empty and under lock and key. now the bosnian government says it is treating the killing of two of its soldiers in the sarajevo as an act of terrorism.
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the man shot them then shot at a bus. he later killed himself. croatia's intour your minister says the country will refuse to readmit refugees. border police in nicaragua have turned back hundreds of cubans who are trying to reach the united states. victoria gatenby has that story for us now. >> reporter: more than 2,000 cuban migrants have made the journey across central america in the last few months desperately trying to reach the united states. for many this is as far as they have got, after being turned back by nicaraguan border police. >> translator: we have come here to continue on to where our
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families are, where they are waiting for us. we can't go back. many have sold their homes and they have no work. cuba will not accept us if the we return. >> reporter: the journey to the u.s. from cuba isn't straightforward. many flew direct to ecuador which doesn't require cubans to have visas, from there they traveled north. but were stopped in nicaragua. >> translator: we are in a fern country, and they have closed the border. we have given nicaragua so much help. it was the cuban people who did this. not the government. >> reporter: under u.s. law, any cuban who makes it on to u.s. soil is applied to apply for residency. those intercepted at sea are not. but with improving bilateral relations, many cubans worry
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there may be a change in policy. >> there is an impression that the united states may change the migration law as it pertains to cubans, which tends to be very welcoming to cubans who get to the united states, and they receive special privileges and there is the thought, perhaps that those privileges may be reduced or eliminated overtime. the cuban government says the migrants are welcome to return. but those stuck say they won't give up on their dream of making it to the united states. british police have arrested three people over the murder of a policewoman more than 30 years ago. she was shot dead when she was policing a del station as nadim baba now explains. >> reporter: april 1984, outside of the libyan embassy in london, an anti government protest is underway. while nearby these libyan
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students chant slogans supporting the libyan leader, moammar gadhafi. then gunfire from inside the embassy. ten gaudify opponents are injured. this police officer was shot in the back and later dies in hospital. 31 years later police have made their first break through in the case, arresting three libyan nationals. including a man in his 50s. >> the focus of our investigation is now on conspiracy to murder police officers and protesters on the day. we believe this was coordinated and directed from within the libyan people's bureau itself, but orchestrated from libya. after the shooting an 11-day siege of the embassy ended when britain allowed staff to leave, expelling them from the country.
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in 1999, gadhafi's regime accepted responsibility for her death. british investigators have made numerous trips to libya. british police still don't know who fired the shots from inside this building, but they are hoping, in particular, that pro-gadhafi activists from the time will now come forward with fresh information. >> they may be in london or anywhere in the middle east, libya, or around the world. we're appealing to those men to come forward to cam min their consciouses, because allegiances change over time, and we want them to speak to us. >> reporter: her family say the one regret of her father who died recently, was not seeing anyone prosecuted for her killing. now the u.k. is hoping to finally solve that case. now thursday is world toilet
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day to highlight how 2.4 billion people around the world don't have adequate sanitation. in south africa, more than 10 million people have poor sanitation with water very much in short supply. other solution are being sought to deal with this. >> reporter: this woman was overjoyed when she heard her home would be fitted with a toilet. but that excitement was short lived when it was built outside of her house, and instead of a flush toilet, she was confronted by one that requires manual cleaning. >> the idea of how we're going to use it is going to be an old system. we have to clean it ourselves, using the spade, the [ inaudible ] and the gloves [ inaudible ] so we decided not to use it at all. >> reporter: it is known as a
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urine diversion toilet. it separates your -- urine from waste. the village chief uses his toilet as a storeroom. >> the municipality says with limited water supply, the $700 toilet for the area. >> we don't have enough water to provide these services, but equally you need to then provide the technology that goes with it, and that's extremely costly. >> reporter: the city is looking at rolling out the toilets in urban areas too. the municipality built more than 80,000 of these toilets in communities like this one. it still has 30,000 more to build, with many here saying they are not happy with urine
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diversion toilets, an alternative may need to be considered. >> these can be seen as buckets. you are still emptying your waste. it's actually a new innovative future solution that they are trying to pose. so the real question is back to the communication and the engagement with citizens. >> reporter: there are those in the community who have bought into the idea to counter public resistance. the municipality has begun to remove the waste from some of the toilets. but there is little understanding of how to use them. until that changes, toilets like this one remain unused and forgotten. imagine a future, if you can, with no museums? that's then central concept of a new exhibit opens in liverpool asking visitors to look at modern art in a very different
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way. jessica baldwin went and had a view. >> reporter: modern dancers interpreting modern art. the dance was inspired by a picture in the show, the punched holes in a raw canvas explore the idea of a space. the show is called an imagined museum, and asks viewers to suspend disbelief and picture a time in the future, where all art has been destroyed. the only pictures left are in the viewer's minds. we asked two of the dance students to pick their favorites and commit them to memory. emma chose a british piece. >> it's quite memorable in the way it sways so much. it makes me think of a windy day. >> reporter: steph op-ed for a
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photograph. >> the idea that [ inaudible ] doorway, it's just -- it stuck with me, yeah. >> reporter: the post-war works have come across europe. it's an eclectic show with lots of different pose-war modern art. you have the big blockbusters, and then a lot of conceptual art, like this one, where the viewer looks at the video, it makes them contemplate the whole idea of time. that's one point of the show, asking people to think about some lofty ideas like time and space, what is art, and what it is about art that matters to them? >> in this scenario, you can imagine us trying to articulate why we would miss art were it to go away. >> reporter: looking at some of the works included, it's hard to
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fathom how certain pieces really deserve to be in an museum, let alone in an imagined museum. you can find much more on everything we're covering right here, aljazeera.com. ♪ this man, the man accused of organizing the attacks in paris is now dead, but officials in france are still looking for others who might have been involved. on high alert, belgium conducting more raids and increasing its security. and debating refugees, the house getting ready to vote on stricter rules for refugees trying to come into the u.s. ♪

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