tv America Tonight Al Jazeera November 19, 2015 9:30pm-10:01pm EST
>> let's take a closer look. . >> on "america tonight", who was missed. warning signs in the year of tragedy, and how the threat escaped notice. >> the fight is not fair. they'll always be ahead of us. >> tonight. stress and students - the tragic equation that leads many to death. >> when i look at the picture i say can't be. when you looked at the child you saw what you thought was a perfect individual. >> are the top premises facing an epidemic of suicide? >> i'm joie chen. in paris, investigators stayed
focused on tracking down the perpetrators of the deadly attacks, and targeted those that might aim to cause mayhem. as they trace the path of the attackers, a second search is under way to understand how a multi-pronged assault could have happened after the "charlie hebdo" massacre and assault in paris. war france's intelligence and law enforcement - were they pointed at the right risk? and what do the failures mean for france's future. sheila macvicar is in paris. >> reporter: less than a week after the attacks that shocked paris, on thursday the french national assembly voted to give the government new powers, prolonging the sit of emergency for near three months. >> we are at war, not the war we are used to. no, this is a new war. from outside and within.
by which terror is the first goal, and the first weapon. it's a war whose front is constantly changing and finds its way into our daily lives. >> reporter: from the time the first suicide bombs detonated at the stade de france on the northern edge of the city, to the attacks on cafes and restaurants, and the bloody siege at the bataclan musical, the central question in paris, in france and throughout europe has been how did this happen again. last jan when the brothers -- january when the kolachi brother attacked. they had a relationship forged in a french prison, all known to french intelligence, all three with links to al qaeda. we met josh, an international
expert on terrorism financing and networks last january. >> this group of people, individuals, was under surveillance for some time. after a while, the intelligence services decided that there was no more risening. >> what is the less -- no more risk. >> what is the lesson, if someone can be radicalized. commit crimes, do their time. come out, pose no threat. sleep for a while and then go on to commit even graver offenses. >> without notice. >> without notice. >> we can put better surveillance on them, but we need resources to do that. >> reporter: this time the threats came from the battlefields of syria. from the operatives, europeans who were in france and belgium,
outstanding police confiscated passports, managed to leave europe for syria and come back. the presumed leader abdelhamid abbaaoud boasted of his ability to move through europe undetected. until hours before the raid on wednesday, french officials believed abdelhamid abbaaoud was in syria. his body found in the ruins of the apartment was identified by d.n.a. today. we talked again today to better understand the threat facing deprans and europe. how did abdelhamid abbaaoud manage to get into syria, out of syria, at least once? >> it's really a collective failure for europe. we cannot do systematic
clearlies. the security part oddy changed. we feared an external threat, but it's inpersonal. >> when i spoke to you in january, we spoke about the large number under surveillance, it was 7,000, with a smaller number representing a smaller threat. that is there been a change, an increase in capacity science "charlie hebdo", since january to actively watch people that pose a great risk. >> it takes 8-10 months to train someone to become an agent. for him to be on the ground. with the resources coming but slowly, we see the threat growing. the numbers going there
increased, as never before, and the numbers today are around 10 to 11,000. that could pose a risk. to follow someone, you need agent. if you take a basis of $5,000 for individuals, we don't have the resource, and no state in the world would have the resource to put everyone, to believe they are safe, and with that, the risk doesn't exist. >> you said it takes 30 people to follow one individual. sometimes more, he had 15 cell zones, so it means 15 agents to control, to be 24 hours a day, listening to the phones. and then you need to follow him
with four or five agents full-time, which means 15 agents per day. they can only work eight hours a day. it would have been a feet, for only one suspect. >> we know that abdelhamid abbaaoud is dead, and it appears of all the attackers there may be one on the run. there is someone who made those bombs, and i understand that the bombs, the suicide fests were identical. >> yes, this suggests high level of sophistication in the way they build. and the bomb-makers. the been we have is a race between us and terrorists. they are ahead of us, we need times to elaborate laws, to
discuss them. and to enforce them and the fight is not fair. they'll be always ahead of us if they have the capacity to carry out that attack, then the next question is how much more capacity do they have to carry out further attacks. >> you could do one, and it could take months before another. but we know that the day they have several high-level operatives able to organise such plots in europe, because they have been living there. they know the situation here in europe. and these individuals are in contact with many individuals who remain here.
the support networks are important in europe. and the willingness, for sure, of the networks to target europe has never been so high. >> that means more threats. tonight, france is under a state of emergency, and cities in italy and sweden are on high alert. >> next, crisis on campus. overwhelmed at some of the nation's top schools, and how stress lead students to suicide. later a case for good food. can a new project serve up a solution. hot on "america tonight"s website, transition in texas, houston's bathroom bill, and the next step in transgender rights at aljazeera.com/americatonight. americatonight.
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we look at the issue, and the life of a woman, maddison. she would have had her 21st birthday. she was a smart young woman, star athlete. ivy league scholar. perfect. yet she was pained. lisa fletcher continues her examination with a teacher deeply moved by his student's death and convinced that her life offers an important lesson so maddison's pictures there taken the place of your family on your facebook page now. >> i have my family in front of me, that's all i are of maddison now. >> reporter: edward taught middle school for 37 years. here at brookside in northern new jersey. over the years, the children passed through his class, and he got to know the family well, including maddison.
today her photos dominate his fayne page. replacing images of his wife, children and many grandchildren. >> i wanted to make a difference. when i looked at the picture. it can't be, unbelievable that this could happen to a person like maddison. when you looked at the child you looked a what could be a perfect when college came calling, she wanted nothing but the best, deciding on the university of peninsula, where she had a double major, and continued to run track and field. >> looked attractive, a wonderful future, just get
through the future. she could run track, which she love theed to do. and the grand -- loved to do. and the grandeur of the school took her heart. when she got there she realized it was not all it was pepped up to be. that there was some difficulties. she couldn't build the same social network that she had here. >> reporter: they turned out to be worse than suspected. online the 19-year-old seemed to be the face of perfection, her smile filling the screens of social media. on jan 17th, 2014, everything changed. she posted this photo of the square in downtown philadelphia in instagram. it would be her last. an hour later, maddison jumped from the ninth floor of this down-town parking garage. >> there was a point at which she reached out for help. what was she met with.
>> she told them she felt suicidal. they referred her to a student or assistant, someone i don't think was qualified to meet her needs. maddison was not pleased with the person, she couldn't relate. there was a 2-week waiting period to see a counsellor. that is inexcusable when someone is pressured and overwhelmed and someone needs help, you can't tell them to wait two weeks, it doesn't happen. it's not reality. >> "america tonight" repeatedly requested interviews with the university. we reached out to the president and were told: tragically maddison's story is not the first. from 2013 to 2014 there has been nine suicides at this ivy league school. across the nation, it's the
second most common form of death among college students. at m.i.t. seven died by suicide from 2014 to september 2015. >> a number of kids said he's a full professor of physics, if he can be depressed i can be depressed. >> and if he can get well... >> i can get well. >> the professor taught for 46 years and talked of feeling of overwhelming pressure and anxiety and his own battle with depression. >> this is an age where people are vulnerable. that is a reason i'm very clear about having been depressed and having come back from that. to an 18-year-old they feel they'll never recover. it's important for people that
have been mental health challengers to be transparent. it normalizes something they can live through and stride. >> stress and feelings here is so common, there's a name for it. impostor syndrome. >> what do you think of the idea of imposter syndrome. >> i used to have imposter syndrome. i did well academically. i went to caltech. i got tenure. you look around and everyone presents a very polished face, and you start to think you are the only one that is struggling because everyone else appears to be swimming along with no effort. >> i think that's an issue at m.i.t., because we have a talented body. >> presenting a polished face is an issue at you pen.
here it's called pen face. do you think that may be at play? >> definitely. when maddison looked at facebook and social media. she say pictures of happy students, and in term she posted pictures showing herself being happy and content, but she wasn't. she was thrust into a group of young adults where being on top didn't come easily before. >> her death moved this teacher that he's pushing for a new law. >> jan 17th, a former student of mine took her life. maddison was a freshman at you pen and a talented runner, her suicide left a void in the hearts of so many across the united states. i want you to make colleges accountable for lifting suicide and attempted suicides. >> thousands of signatures have
been pulled in since creating the online petition. believing that unities academied to be part of the solution. for that to happen transparency is necessary. his goal is to make it a require for colleges to list suicides and attempted suicides on their campus annually, and provide counsellors to students. something maddison never had. >> i made a promise to maddison, i pray to her, talk to her, i tell her we'll never make it better for the next person that comes up. we'll make is easier, make the decisions easier, have the mental facilities that weren't available for you,able to the next person. we can't bring you back, but we can save some of her friends. next, a bite of a better menu, can america's food desert be served a tasty and healthy
be killing people. they may have a shorter life span than their parents, thanks to obesity. a big part of the problem is little access to healthy foods where quick-fix feels have taken over. michael oku visited a food desert and asks - does the community have an appetite for change? >> you're looking at a fast food waste land. south central los angeles, its supersized with junk food joints and drowning. it's where opening a business has at times required negotiating with the bloods and cripps. so it may seem like the last place to debate the best way to use thyme and sage in a sauce. goughin is the chef at post and
bean, perhaps the only restaurant with his own herb garden. >> for me it was like a coming home. i was born in inglewood, lived here for several years and there was an opportunity to open up a flag ship for the development of the ball. armstrong bets the residents would want his version of fast food. >> show me something that you could make that is affordable, that someone can make. >> i'll show you a simple kale salad. all the agreeance are from the south central farmers co-op, supplying the kale, the greens. >> reporter: the formers co-op is the -- farmers co-op is the only one available to residents living at or below the poverty
rate. >> how much is it to make? >> $2. it's simple, quick, fresh ingredients. it's good for you. we massage the kale with the dressing. breaking it down. everyone and everything needs to be pampered. even the kale. >> he whilst it up in less tham than you'd spend in a drive through. >> that's good. >> it tastes better, don't you feel better. >> why don't you go away? >> regardless of the taste, are resident ready to trade a what happeneder for a kale programme. >> you don't here a lot of people here putting kale, let us and apple and pommy granates together in a salad. >> they are coming around. >> fast food restaurants have been banned hoping obesity would
drop. thering the first four years people got fatter and ate more fast food. do developers think that this is a neighbourhood that has fast food, you can't have a sit-down restaurant. >> i think there were people that didn't trust or believe in the community, it's something that we believe people need options. >> reporter: you build it, they will come. >> and they have been coming. >> they have. >> we are on our fourth year, things are well. >> post and bean is one of the top 100 restaurants according to the l.a. times, one of a handful in all of south l.a. bragging rights owner brad johnson is proud of. >> it's not every day a restaurant of this caliber is squeezed in an area like this. >> reporter: he decided to build
after a builder developed him that the residents wanted good food and would pay for it. >> why is the place welcome. >> you have to be careful as a black entrepreneur when you wave the flag at black owned. some say it's exclusive, not for the rest of us. what is necessary is african-americans have to recognise that our culture is important. in order for it to survive. black businesses have to be rate on hissed. if they are not, they disappear, and we don't have that. i think we have seen that happen in neighbourhoods like harlem, oakland and this. >> from the looks of it, they may be changing that. some angelinos are travelling to the south side. pulling up a stool. and they like it.
>> it's like people are surprised by how friendly they are. what did you think. we are having a good time, enjoying it, drinking wine. >> while post and bean won't wipe out obesity in south l.a. it's trying to change habits one bite at a time. and give generations of residents that stuck it out in south l.a. something they deserve, and now demand. >> do you get that a lot? >> i think people are anxious to show something like this happened looks delicious. that's "america tonight", tell us what you think at aljazeera.com. talk to us on twitter, facebook and come back. we'll have more of "america tonight" tomorrow. written everyday.
it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. killing the ringleader. french police confirm the death of the main target of yesterday's raid. >> we had confirmation that this man was under the rubble many important questions about the attacks are unanswered. the war against i.s.i.l. >> the enemy has to react. as soon as the enemy reacts, we kill them from the air. >> the