tv World News Al Jazeera November 19, 2015 10:00pm-11:01pm EST
written everyday. it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. killing the ringleader. french police confirm the death of the main target of yesterday's raid. >> we had confirmation that this man was under the rubble many important questions about the attacks are unanswered. the war against i.s.i.l. >> the enemy has to react. as soon as the enemy reacts, we kill them from the air. >> the pentagon questions the
effectiveness of the strat fi against -- strategy against i.s.i.l. in syria and iraq. >> extending the emergency, police to be given greater powers to stop attacks and the dayton accords. 20 years ago they ended genocidal fighting in bosnia. could it be a foundation for peace in syria good evening, i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america. we begin tonight in paris, where a key suspect in last week's attacks is dead. the hunt for others goes on. french authorities confirmed the death of abdelhamid abbaaoud, believed to have been the ringleader behind the massacre in paris. the belgium national killed during a raid in the parisian
suburb. at least four of the attackers were on a u.s. counterterrorism no fly list. this morning president obama spoke with his french counterpart francis hollande. they renewed commitments to defeat i.s.i.l. the government is preparing for a long flight. they vowed to extend the state of emergency and passed a bill to give the police more power to search for evidence and detain people. >> at what french authorities called a safe house. forensic experts hit pay dirt. in the northern paris suburb, a 7-hour siege played out with explosions and gun fire, the day revealed evidence that abdelhamid abbaaoud was neutralized. using skin samples, investigators determined abdelhamid abbaaoud, the master
find of the bloody attacks, and his female cousin who detonated a security vest were dead. eight were invested. a surprise for agencies that thought the belgium-born suspect was still in syria. >> translation: among the six attacks avoided or foiled by services since spring 2016. abdelhamid abbaaoud was implicated in four. >> reporter: this was no ordinary crime scene. overnight police set up controlled explosives in the apartment. parts of building were collapsing as they tried to collect evidence. french intelligence can boast they have eliminated a key i.s.i.s. figure and likely averted another major attack in paris. raids across france and belgium continue. in the search for suspects connected to an attack that claimed 129 lives and rattled europe. there are nagging security concerns. where is the bomb-maker who made at least eight identical
explosive vests and where is salah abdeslam, involved in the paris attacks, and disregard -- dis appeared after his brother blew himself up on friday. the government had little opposition to extend a state of emergency to three months. a free hand to the police for putting anyone at risk under house arrest. with the p.m. warning of the unthinkable. >> we must not rule anything out. we mentioned yesterday, and we say we know and have in mind the risk from chemical and biological weapons. >> reporter: people are shaken. >> it's difficult to have this. >> silvia, who lives and works down the road from yesterday's gun battle says that she's moving out of paris. >> i'm going to leave. >> reporter: tonight the mayor told a crowd outside the stadium, where the first attack occurred.
>> translation: we have learnt the leader of this barbaric attack is definitely dead, and we should all rejoice. [ singing ] >> reporter: but it's a difficult challenge. to restore confidence here, amidst growing fear. dana lewis reporting from paris, some of the attackers were from belgium, as police worked to round up anyone. the government is promising to make the country more secure. the interior minister said there was no way to ensure everyone's safety. and stopping people like abdelhamid abbaaoud can make a difference. >> it's a very good signal because this was the guys, a commander of a network, a network that was into attacks in
belgium, france. so this is really the spider in the web, and that's a good point. >> authorities believe another aspect, salah abdeslam, drove from paris to brussels the day after the attacks. today the french prime minister said his current whereabouts are unknown. >> nine were arrested in belgium, as part of a stepped up counterterrorism effort. paul brennan is in paris with more on the response. >> reporter: the belgian prime minister nose his country has been criticized since the attacks. the premier came before parliament with a plan, $427 million to improve intelligence, clamping down on propaganda,
better communication and a hard line on i.s.i.l. forces that return. >> translation: preventing young people leaving for combat. we must prevent those that are not belgium from returning to our territory, and the rule must be clear. jihadists that come back, their place must be in prison. >> reporter: in molenbeek, the neighbourhood where at least two grew up. resident don't like it named as a breeding ground for violence. but the disaffected youths, and radical elements have had limited success, in part with the targeted measures being unstigmatised in the area. >> translation: we support the government measures unreservedly. as long as they don't single out any one community. the proposals need to be pit forward in a general way.
for the whole country, and not just one neighbourhood, region or category of person. >> there's a place where targetting one neighbourhood was needed and what worked. time and time again, what we find in belgium is a disjointed approach between different areas and police forces. we have come here to a place here where the mayor has a different idea to his counterparts in brussels. the mayor was weeks into his job when visited by intelligence officers, warning him that his town had a serious problem. why with radical elements. instead of leaving it to law enforcement, he set up a programme of intervention. for two years, not one local youth has left to join i.s.i.l. >> you have to open your eyes and put out - your head out of the soil.
i hope sincerely that the awful things that happened in paris, that the eyes are open, that they will support the local communities to do their job, because radicalism, you win or lose it on the corners of the street. you win it or lose it in these obscure mosques. you win it or lose it by gaining the heart of your mayor. >> belgium faces a big challenge, a challenge that calls into question not just belgian attitudes, but the country's governance and administrative structure, it is lagging behind the european neighbours on security, and needs to catch up homeland security officials confirmed that members of two syrian families turned themselves in at the u.s.-mexican border. it happened on deuce in laredo
texas, two men, two women and four children are held by immigration and customs enforcement. there's no evidence that the syrians had any link to terrorism the head of the fbi james comey and u.s. attorney-general loretta lynch held a joint briefing to assure the nation in the wake of the assaults on paris, saying there's no evidence of anyone in the united stateslinged to shows attacks tore anyone -- states linked to those attacks or anyone was targeted here. and added that americans should not be overwhelmed by society. >> we will not allow our actions to be overtaken by fear or to rob us of preservous i-deals. our values are not secondary considerations, they are central to the work that we do and to the nation that we protect. they are also the reason that we are a target, and they are what
terrorists want to see, to have us abandon. >> the u.s. embassy in rome - abackers might use a similar strategy. i.s.i.l. is trying to obtain chemical weapons. officials believe i.s.i.l. set up a brands to develop nerve goes or biological weapons. so far it used a mustard gas france says that it has destroyed three dozen i.s.i.l. targets since increasing air strikes. critics of the u.s.-led operation in i.s.i.l., including presidential candidates say air strikes are not enough, and say the fight will be one in the air, not on the ground.
we have more on how the pentagon is assessing the fight. >> the latest video shows russia taking part from a playbook, bombing trucks with fuel that i.s.i.l. sells on the black market. without the leaflet drops the u.s. warns civilians away. as a student of warfare nose, it has its limits and cannot take, hold or govern the territory. >> to be successful air strikes have to be combined with ground forces taking about more territory from i.s.i.s. al jazeera obtained a military mass assessing the ground game. the u.s. central judges that i.s.i.l. lost 8700 square miles or 40% of the territory up from
37%. the retaking of sinjar by kurdish fighters a week ago was a reason i.s.i.l. lost ground. in syria it's a different story. in february i.s.i.l. lost 10%. the latest number is 770 square miles. that 770 lost territory or 5%, indicating i.s.i.l. gained ground as front lines were pushed ba. >> the notes i.s.i.l. holds to cities in iraq and palmyra in syria. >> u.s. says its strikes have been calibrated. enabling troops to support against dough-in fighters. >> as indigenous friendly forces maneoauver against the enemy, it causes them to move. they have to react. as soon as they react. we kill palmyra.
-- we kill them in the air. >> reporter: the pentagon points to north-eastern syria where an offensive against syrian democratic forces drove i.s.i.l. out of some 280 miles and 200 small villages. the offensive was supported with 79 air strikes, which it says helped to kill 300. the idea of dispatching pore u.s. special operations forces closer to the front lines, to provide advice. president obama ordered up to 50 commando. so far, they are yet to arrive jamie mcintyre at the pentagon. douglas ollivant joins us, a former director in the iraq and
obama administrations. polls show a large majority of americans believes the u.s. is losing the fight against i.s.i.l., in an editorial you wrote, you cited progress made in iraq. you mentioned the taking of sinjar and baiji and positive developments in the stalemate around ramadi. is that not much to show for an investment of more than a million a day from the u.s. for more than a year. >> as i lay. the progress is real. you are right, it's been slow and disappointing. it's been slow and disappointing not because the strategy is wrong. i maintain we have the right strategy, but there's a problem in execution. the best example is what we reported tonight. we uk struck the convoys moving from known sites, the security
refineries up to another point. >> that is a question we asked on the street. why were they not struck before. >> a year ago. that could be part of the strategy, it's been part of the strategy since august. why, 15 months later are we only getting around to striking the targets. it's not that the strategy is wrong, it's that we are not going it well. this is what i heard. why aren't you doing more. by doing more, they do not mean send troops, they mean do the air-power better, get the equipment faster, give us better support. sending u.s. troops to iraq is unpopular in iraq and the united states. >> i was struck how you argue that point that iraq doesn't want the troops and the successful raid was condemned,
it was conducted by u.s. commandos and kurdish troops. that races a question the the iraqis oppose u.s. troops but are okay with iranians and shia militia supported by iran. let's get to the iranians. the bottom line, they didn't i hope the country in the last decade. they fought a war with them, but they are kind of over that. the united states president is a sore point with them, as it would be with anyone that had an occupying army there. >> do you see the fight against i.s.i.l. different to that in iraq. >> they are two different appearance. in iraq we are kurdish peshmerga, we have shia militias, security force, and we
have tribes, forces that we can work with. in syria we have none of the above. we have smaller groups of kurds. they are much more touchy, it gets political. we don't have the same type of ground forces in syria. what was said is right, you need ground sources. not necessarily ours, but you need them. i suspect some critics argue it's not a good idea. >> to integrate all of u.s. power, it has to be done from the white house are, they only
can integrate this and get it moving, we had a lot of trouble getting our act together and getting it aligned. last month we ponded a 3-star commander in baghdad to coordinate the war. we haven't had that. it's been run out of tampa, we are getting it in place. that commander needs to have a line to the white house, so that the white house unders what he is lacking at, what he needs to do and he can tell the white house it there are people not giving support and getting if the way of his executing the law. the white house can judge that. >> good to have your insights on this. >> still ahead - renewed attacks. five people, including an american tourist killed by palestinians in israel and the west bank. hundreds of cuban migrants
it led britain to break ties with libya. in 1989 she accepted and greed to pay compensation to the family. the case is not closed five, including an american tourist were killed in attacks in israel and the occupied west bank. earlier in the day, two israelis were stopped to death in tel aviv. 15 israelis, and 88 palestinians have been killed signs violence broke out last month. >> form night the release of a man convicted. at the vatican, pope francis devoted a mourning mass to call out against violence around the world, signalling out arms traffickers, saying they'll be dammed for their greyed. the comment on the same day as the vatican unveiled a chris
tree. francis called it a global charade. >> translation: when all the world as it is today is at war. piecemeal they it bay me, a little mere, a little there, everywhere, there's no justification, and god weeps. those who various war are cursed. they are criminals. next week the pope visits the central african republic where violence intensifies. more than half the population depends on american aid. >> more mexican immigrants are leaving the united states than coming in. from 2009 to 2014, they saw a net loss of 140,000 mexicans, during that time more than a million went back to mexico, 870,000 came to the u.s., the
drop attributed to a slow u.s. economy and stricter border enforcement. the main reason they returned home was to unite with families. >> a crisis is forming on the border. 1500 cubans have been stranded between the two countries, nicaragua closed the entry points because it says costa rica voilated international law by encouraged people to across the boarder. >> reporter: more than 2,000 cuban migrants made the journey across central america in the last two months, desperately trying to reach the united states. for many, this is as far as they got, after being turned back by the border police. many sheltering in the camp in costa rica. we came to continue on where our families are, where they are waiting for us. we can't go back.
many cubans sold their homes. keeba would not accept us. >> the journey from the u.s. and cuba is not straight forward. many flying to ecuador. from there, they travelled north through columbia, panama and costa rica. they were stopped. in nicaragua. it closed its borders on sunday. >> we are in a foreign country. we have given nicaragua so much help. during the resolution we had a literacy campaign, it was the cuban people that did this, not the government. >> reporter: under u.s. law any cuban that makes it on to u.s.ed soil can apply for asylum. many cubans worry there may be a change in policy. >> there's a concern that united
nations may change the law. as opposed to currently cubans and get to the united states receives special privileges and there's a thought they may be reduced. >> the migrants that left the country are welcome to return. those stuck in costa rica will not give up on a dream to make it to the united states. >> still ahead - a country in crisis, the french government on the verge of expanding powers of security services in reaction to the attacks. >> and eyewitnesss to the bitter wore in syria. activists that turn journalists, joining us to share their life in syria with the rest of the world.
former safe yet states -- soviet states. first the american minute - a bill erecting hurdles for syrian refugees to come to the u.s. passed the house and is headed to the senate. republicans want tougher screenings, the justice department says what they are asking f asking for is impossible. >> the tax department issuing rules against corporate inversion. a process in by they in corporate. the new rules reduce the benefits of a manoeuvre. protests continue in miles per hour, after violence erupted during demonstrations over the killing of an african-american man. crowds threw rocks and bottles at them. a man was shot on sunday and police say he was resisting arrest. >> france's lawyer house, the
national assembly voted to extend a state of emergency for three more months. it goes to the senate for final approval. a state of emergencies grants police the right to enter houses to search. >> france is a country in crisis. on a war footing abroad, and at home in an extended state of emergency. the government's proposal to give the security services sweeping powers for three months adopted almost unanimously in the national assembly, a show of unity in an adversity. cross party lines. it's not the solution exclusively, but it's one of the solutions allowing the security forces to work in an efficient manner. we could go further, it would allow us to go further. one could do more. the law we vote on allows us to
go furthers. >> reporter: the government has a strong hand, francis hollande, a man with low ratings finds his tough response meets with broad approval for now. >> the question remains in the mind of the opinion public which is why can we found so many kalashnikovs in five days, and not a single one during the last 10 months. these type of questions come and come again. >> in the grandeur of the national assembly as frances security forces are empowered in the dispute of suspects, there's reason for disquiet. not only in the threats that may lijer or in the challenge, but in the pages of history. >> remember this... ..the moment a republican u.s. president heard the whispered news about the 9/11 attacks, and this the moment france's socialist leader heard something similar.
their politics different, the reaction, so far, the same. >> france is at war. the acts committed on interested -- on friday in paris near the stade de france are acts ever war. there has been at least 129 dead and numerous injured that constitutes an aggression against the country, its values, against the youth and lifestyle. >> how far is france prepared to go to wage this war? it may be worth remembering what happened the last time a western leader called for a war on terror france is home to nearly 5 million muslims, and many say they feel disconnected from french society. as mohammed jamjoom reports, that sense of alienation increased in the days since the attacks. >> reporter: all his life this man struggled with acceptance,
of french-algerian background he tells me he was never allowed to assimilate. they called me the arab. it's been hard to get a job. >> reporter: born and raised in france, he sees himself as french. and fellow country men and women only identified him as algerian. growing up feeling marginalized, it was easy to fall in to drugs. as it wases to slip into despair. >> translation: there was no other activities for us, not even a youth association, there's so many members of the north african community that needs help, the city never has the money to help them. they feel alone in the city. >> in the wakes of attacks in paris, many muslims feel more alone than ever before. in neighbourhoods like this resentment is growing almost as fast as fear is spreading.
practically everyone tells us that they are worried that attitudes towards north africans would harden. at the same time they were too afraid to tell us that on camera. with the collective against islamaphobia in france, tells me it's easy to see how so many feel alienated. >> from kindergarten, you are treated differently. provided they are week enough. they slip in thinking that this is not by country the people haiti, and it's nothing for me to be treated differently, there are different crops that pray on the elements. >> they add so long as the french government doesn't address the causes of disenfranchisement, the situation will not improve.
it's a thought that haunts this man. during the troubled adolescence, he dreamt of a day when things would improve. a day when he'd have a family of his own. now, happy to be employed and married. he finds himself more concerned about his two children and the future they'll face than he was for himself syrian president bashar al-assad says there'll be no political transition until all terrorist groups are defeated. the us state department says bashar al-assad's fate will be decided in talks in the coming weeks. last month's agreed upon framework allows 6 months to draw up a constitution and 18 months to organise elections. the syria project coordinator for the institute for war and peace report, saying that she has produced a documentary in women on the front lines called syria's
rebellious women. also joining us are two of the subjects - syrian activists and we cannot reveal their full names for security reasons. good it have you all here. i want to talk about the movie, but your journalism project with the ip p.r. called "damascus bureau", and brings women journalists telling their stories, and we hear unanimous of how many have been killed. when you read them, the power of it, it is stronger than the abstract numbers. >> when you are in the middle of the floor and i have the casualties, you forget about the individual women, and you forget about the aid workers. the main projected is to stop
the dehuge at hissing waves, and the case, fames, to be remembered and recognised. >> your documentary does this, showing the terrible conditions people live under. and there's a symbol of a boy walking down, and bombing happens, and he just puts his fingers in his ears and keep going. >> this is happening too frequent. it's their live, they are adopted to it. >> their lives affected by different fighting groups with the syrian government. there was a moment where they were powerful. where a wham saying they wanted the free syrian army. the - to overthrow bashar al-assad. then then got i.s.i.l. and al-nusra. who do they see as to blame for what is going on - everyone?
>> the main blame is the regime, it's the reason we are here. the international community is deal with the causes. but the main sickness, problem is the regime. you'll still have i.s.i.s. and be invaded. institute and you call attention to the fact that the war is hart on women, but make is clear that women are not victims but participants. >> some organizations treat syrian women as victims, but forget there are special and powerful women fighting side by side with their male colleagues. >> zane, i know you are studying
to be a teacher and you were volunteering. because of that you were arrested and thrown into the infam ups adra prison in damascus. where people call it the cemetery of the living. you got out of prison to find your house and family was displaced. how do you find your efforts. >> translation: honestly, anything - anyone participating in the revolution is a core person. i still believe in this country and this revolution, and i'm will to do anything for this. the strength comes from the student that i'm teaching, the children. they are the future, and the number of things that i left
inside and i wish they go out the. and i'm here and standing. >> you were an accountant during the war, and you became a nurse, and, again you were considered one of the important female activists. how do you get the courage and how desperately are people in need of aid? >> my cuty as an account visit from the beginning of the syrian revolution to do all i can, so i will give all my power to the syrian revolution to get them down and live in a democracy free syria. >> what message would you like people watching this to hear?
>> we will not be desperate. but we will go on, achieve the goal we want. and every free syrian want and we are going. >> can i answer that. >> what i want in all the people watching the internationals. to understand the fact that for syrian civilians, we are threatened by the regime, and the air force killing 90% of us. they are only killing less than 4% and syrians are the main victims of i.s.i.s. and the regime. they are the ones treated as terrorists. though they are the one said, they are the rebels who are fighting i.s.i.s. on the ground. >> thank you for coming here, i hope your message gets out.
i wish you best. i know all of you face danger in your lives every day. appreciate you being there. >> marking the sucks cess of the date and -- success of date and accords. the success with the war if, as they say, diamonds are a girl's best friend. this one is popular. in the next hour it looks and tastes like salmon, but the fish is causing controversy. that's coming up 11 eastern. 11 eastern.
former president bill clinton was in ohio to mark the 20th anniversary of the dayton accords. the peace deal bringing an end to the war in bosnia. it claimed 100,000 lives, among them 8,000 men and boys killed as part of an ethnic cleansing campaign. courtney kealy looks back at the in context segment 20 years ago an agreement was reached in dayton ohio, an air force base in middle america. >> on paper with have peace. to make it work is the next and our greatest challenge.
>> reporter: the dayton accords ended 3.5 years of war between serbs, croat and bosnians, a conflict costing 100,000 lives. >> 8:30 or 9 in the morning with 800 journalists waiting outside, ready for the announcement. mill oso vic walks through the snow to the office and said "one more try." he made one more office. which raised off. and they listened, the bosnian brt he said this is not a just peace, but it is why people need peace. >> richard holbrook, the envoy chose the air force base because it was isolated. participants were sequestered in a remote outpost. >> in one of the most brutal chant jors in the bosnian war,
serb troops overcan srebrenica, the u.n. designated safe haven in july. the massacre of 8,000 men and boys, the murder since world war ii helped to gall janize the convenience of the community. >> the most challenging european security problem, and the heart-breaking humanitarian problem is bossy nia. four peace plans had been rejected previously. under the dayton accords bosnia was declared as a single state. it was divided into two parts. a croat federation was given 51% of territory. the serbs were allowed to call
them a republic. some felt it gave the illusion. >> it kept the peace and country divided. ethnic tensions remained to discuss the importance of the dayton accords, and whether they should serve as a template we joined from dayton ohio from bruce. good to have you with us. i know you've been involved in bosnia over the years, now we are hear, 20 years later. bosnia is a porous country, hi unemployment. ethnic hostilities persist. if people don't like the dayton accord, it is better than the
alternative. >> that's correct. the dayton agreement ends the war. most importantly. the agreement did more than end the war, it set a framework for rebuilding the country. the process has been challenging and bosnia has many challenges. the country is at piece, and one hopes in the next couple of years, the mission in bosnia will come to an end. >> there is ongoing international oversight of botania, is that essential for peace. >> yes it is, until all the stakeholders recognise that bobby boswell will be whole. there's no chance of it breaking up into separate entities, into two independent states. the fact is a stable, secure bosnia is the future of the
country, and belonging in europe. at the same time it is united and divided politically by ethnicity. it has a 3-person president si with one representative. could something dollar work for syria. splitting the governance of that country among shia, sunnis and kurds. >> it's clear that the stakeholders are going to have to come up to an arrangement. to what was working out in dayton. >> as complex as that was. we'll have to see an arrangement that reflects the interest group that has to participate. >> more complex because all the wording group were recommended in dayton.
it can't happen in current conditions. >> that's correct. and the reality is that the war - the conflict in syria has to be brought to a close first, and that's is the important thing, people forget at dayton, they worked for some months, as they have in vienna, in developing the framework for what might be the final negotiations towards an agreement in syria. you can't begin the rebuilding until the conflict stops. it's not clear that bell get there as fast as the situation was transformed to dayton, between the middle of 1995 and november negotiations in dayton. >> there's a series of lessons that could be learnt. bruce, good to have your perspective on this. thank you now the global shoe kegment. a -- segment, a look at how news
outlets respond to events. in britain, they take labour leader to task saying he cannot be allowed to stand in the way of reaction in syria. the death of a citizen in paris cannot go unanswered. they write of the importance of the halifax international security forum. writing that the meeting of 300 delegates offers the community a chance to come together with a strategy to counter and destroy i.s.i.l. the post writes about the release of an american citizen. he was sentenced to life in prison. his release comes with restrictions, the post writes that pollard has served his time and paid his debt and should move to israel with no further delays radioactive waste left over from the soviet era is causing
health and environmental problems in kurdistan. in the off the radar segment we have a report from a town, on how millions are needed to clean up the problem. >> reporter: it's a race to contain an invisible menace. they are rebuilding the defenses around a radioactive dump to protect it from flooding. i'm told the risk of inhaling dangerous particles is small. it's dusty work, so i'm not taking any chances. 23 tailing dumps, waste from uranium or mined through the soviet union threatened the town. the west bank moved. as this official explains,
kurdtan want foreign aid to finish the job. >> if we get 50 million euros, we can sort the problem out. take away the waste. until it happens, a land slide or flood could dump sludge into the river system. >> it feels as if the town is under siege from radiation, and the government is doing what is can with limited resources to hold it back. >> in some cases radiation levels are up to eight times higher than the norm. this site is also a dumping ground for waste. local medical professionals assume a link between the presence of the waste. we have higher cancer rates compared to other neighbouring areas. in the absence of major study into the impact of radiation and
public health, the link is anecdotal. that is little consolation for a town in decline once famous for providing the uranium used to make the soviet union's first atomic bombs. >> this person scours the dumps in search of scrap metal and has her own r.e.m. dip. >> you don't need to drink much. 507 or 100 grams a day. it's good for you, because of the uranium here. >> reporter: three backs earns $1 a day. radiation is the least of her worries. the biggest gem quality diamond was discovered in a mine in antibiotics. the 1,100 carats is believed to
good evening, i'm antonio mora this is al jazeera america. after killing the organizers of paris attacks, people and clues and authorities are searching for the house votes for tough new rules for syrians entering the u.s., and concerns the families have, and the guarantee by president obama going home - why more mexican nationals have been leaving the u.s. thanom