story." this is al jazeera america live from new york city. i'm tony harris, a day of rage, gunmen storm a hoelgs in naturally leaving dozens dead including an american who was behind the deadly attack. expanded police powers. france extends the state of emergency for another three months. record high. the homicide rate in baltimore hits levels that haven't been seen since the 1990s. it's been called an antibiotic apocalypse. the alarms superbug gene that is
superresistant to medicine. at least 27 people are dead at a siege at a hotel in mali, west africa, including one american. this morning the group of armed men stormed the raddison blu in the capital of bomako. they took scores hostage and were were freed over the course of several areas. a group linked to al qaeda has claimed responsibility for the attack in the former french call knee. it took place at the bamako at the radissdison blu.
>> reporter: soldiers help them after a hostage situation that lasted many hours. gunmen got inside shouting god is great in arabic before taking 170 people hostage. the full extent of the attack became clear, many here were in shock. as the malian president cut short a trip to chad and flew home, the government tried to reassure people. >> translator: this morning at 7:00 a.m. the radisson hotel was attacked. according to the information we have, there are two or three armed men with military armament that walked into the hotel. we activated the crisis cell and it has military and officials from foreign affairs and the security ministry. we deployed on-site to cordon the hotel. >> reporter: following an assault with united nations troops as well as maillyian special forces rs reports came in of dead bodies found inside the hotel. one that did make it out alive
told state television it took a while to realize what was happening. >> at the beginning i thought it was fire cracks and didn't think it was a hostage situation. we heard it around the hotel. >> reporter: an armed group that split from al qaeda two years ago said it carried out the attack. the group said it wanted its fighters free from mali's prisons, and the army's attacks against north malian to stop. mali has been in a political crisis since a coup three years ago followed by an armed rebellion dmt nor in the north t led to french military involvement. many inside the hotel were working for foreign companies including national airlines. friday's deadly events will raise new questions about how stable this country really is. as we said, one american was killed during the siege in mali today. u.s. military personnel were on
the scene. mike viqueira is in washington to explain what they did and why the u.s. military is even in mali. mike. >> reporter: tony, mali has always been a critical and strategic cross roads in west africa, a position that makes it critical to the widening fight against some groups now rising in west africa, and as the world is focused on the fight against isil and the situation in syria over the past several weeks and days, a reminder today that the situation in west africa cannot be ignored or forgotten. among the estimated 12 americans at the radisson hotel in bamako, five are the department of defense. why is the u.s. military in mali to begin with? much of northern mali came under the control of religiously motivated rebels in 2012. but a french military offensive soon pushed them out. the u.s. is backing a u.n. force called in to help keep the
peace. in the wake of the attacks, u.s. officials say it won't change. >> one, we think it's important, and two, we continue to support it. >> reporter: more fighting could lead to more refugees and it could have dire repercussions for the united states. this week attacks in nigeria killed dozens and wounded more than 120. much of the west africa is bessette with movements opposed to the u.s. and allies. >> the u.s. is playing a very quiet role both in support to the french in 2013 in terms of provides logistics and strategic airlift and intense reconnaissance for the french force that went in. there's say supporting role for the peacekeepers for the roles they're playing right now north of the country. >> reporter: in late 2011 mercenaries from mali fighting for libyan leader gaddafi fled
libya. known as the mla, they went to northern mali seeking to form a break-away state. soon rebel fighters moved in. >> they came in to northern mali, so they pushed them away and decided they wanted to institute sharia law in northern mali. from that point on, northern mali has been a big mess. >> reporter: that led to a military coup in the capital. the u.s. seeing the instability as a threat to a key region and in niger and chad, the u.s. is assisting counterterrorism forces that battle boko haram and other militant groups. the attack on friday in bamako raises the stakes. >> up until the beginning of this year, mali and the u.n. mission there and the french and the u.s. are all working with mali to resolve this long-standing crisis really
thought that bamako, the capital city, was immune to the attacks. >> reporter: as the security situation worsens a new challenge for the u.s. to contain the threat. mike viqueira, al jazeera, washington. later this hour i will speak to the former assistant secretary of defense mary beth long. what she says the timing of the attack tells us about the state of al qaeda in west africa. prosecutors in belgium have charged a support with terrorism in connection with with last week's deadly siege in paris a daf after the person was detained after a series of raids. french police are still looking for another man taking part in the attacks and may be hiding in bem jum. >> it's one week since the pair attacks terrorized the nation and left 130 people dead. friday investigators discover add a third body in the rubble of an apartment building in
saint-denis. police are trying to confirm the identity of the body, but investigators have confirmed that one of those killed is said to be the cousin of the dead ringleader, abdelhamid abaaoud. the 26-year-old was in the apartment. unnamed french officials have spoke about the raid and are backing away from the earlier theory that she detonated a suicide vest. this video captures flames coming from the building. according to french investigators, she was killed when somebody standing next to her detonated the vest. the french prime minister said friday france has intensified air strikes on isil in syria over the past few days. he also urged residents to not change their daily routine. >> translator: i tell the french people who ask what they can do, who wonder how they can be useful to resist to keep on living, to go out and get around
and meet each other and to share culture and emotion and stay in life. >> that's exactly what the victims were doing that night, spendi spending time with loved ones and families and friend and enjoying what the city has to offer. here at a vigil you see that passion for life. someone left a message that says passion, love, fight. mean whiem, france's senate voted to extend the state of emergency for three months. police can make arrests, conduct searches and restrict the muchlt of people. european union ministers have decided to at a timen checks on all people entering europe. >> translator: the european commission has agreed to present by the end. year a plan to refirm the border code to allow systemic and obligatary checks at all external borders for all travelers. >> reporter: they will be checked in the sis which lists terror suspects and people linked to organized crimes. many in france's large muslim
community came out to mark the day by attending friday prayers. >> translator: we are also mothers and afraid of being confused for these people and we are afraid for our children. today in the subway people look at my strangely. >> reporter: trying to maintain solidarity in the wake of attacks that threaten to divide france along ethnic and religious lines. so a week on some healing and still some concern of division in this multi-ethnic and multi-racial country struggling to come to terms. we'll see if there's more healing or if people keep feeling like they're watched like this mother said she is. >> look, adam, do people actually believe these plans to secure external european borders will make them safe?
>> reporter: overall people i speak to say no. i met a man in belgium earlier today who lives just across the french border. i said what do you think about security in the past week since these attacks have happened? he literally said, it's a joke. i cross back and forth. no one has stepped up any security. he says in all the years we've had a free border, it's been so easy to pass that, of course, no one can track where people are coming from. now, european union ministers met earlier saying that they're going to at least start tracking people who arrive at a perimeter or a first time into the eu system of this area where they don't have to show their passport each time they cross into another country. it's just not clear if that's going to be enough. if you get through that first perimeter, you're still in a zone where there's not much security between each country. >> gotcha. adam rainy in paris. thank you. israel is welcoming the release of convicted israeli spy jonathan pollard. the american was released from
prison today after spending 30 years behind bars. poll land was sentenced to life after he was found guilty of spying for israel, and his imprisonment has been a realisticing point in u.s./israeli relations ever since. rob reynolds has more from washington. >> reporter: the spy jonathan j. pollard left a federal prison in north carolina under cover of darkness. his parole was 30 years to the day after his arrest of selling a vast trove of highly classified intelligence to israel. pollard later appeared in new york accompanied by his wife esther, who he married while in prison. he must check in with a parole officer weekly and may not leave the u.s. for five years. his came back a cause celeb in israel and in some sections of american jewish community. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu hailed the release. >> someone who raised this case before successive u.s. presidents many times, i longed
for this day, and now after three long and difficult decades, jonathan is being released. >> many think he was punished to harshly. >> he served many years in prison with no real thing written and it's about time. >> reporter: over the course of 18 months, pollard, a civilian analyst delivered tens of thousands of top secret, classified documents to israeli agents in washington. israel paid pollard thousands of dollars to betray his country. pollard was arrested and agreed to plead guilty to a sing charge of conspiracy in hopes of getting a lighter sentence. u.s. secretary of defense casarr weinberger wrote a letter to the
judge detailing the severe damage that the activities brought. judge robinson sentenced pollard to life. many israelis would no doubt like to give pollard a hero's welcome. but the israeli government wasn't always so welcoming. in 1985 as his spying scheme was unravelling and with the fbi hot on his heels, pollard sought refuge at the israeli embassy here in washington. he was turned away and arrested leaving the spy out in the cold. rob reynolds, al jazeera, washington. up next, an american city under siege. the troubling spike in baltimore's homicide rate and why it's happening and what can be done about it. the super bug problem. why antibiotics are struggling to stop the newest bacterial strains. s.
protests sparked by a police shooting in minneapolis have entered a sixth day. the head of the ncaa met with state officials about the shooting. jamar clark was fatally shot last sunday after police responded to a domestic dispute. police say clark was reaching for an officer's gun. authorities say they have received several videos of the shooting. protesters call for the release of the video. with six weeks left in 2015, the
homicide rate has set a new high for the city in baltimore surpassing the previous record set. in all of last year 211 people were killed in baltimore. as of today homicides have increased by 50% over last year. most of the deaths were shootings. randall pinkston has more on the story. >> reporter: it's said good fences make good neighbors. in baltimore a fence may have got kendall killed. why were the drug dealers upset? >> it seems he interrupted business or just became personal. >> christopher irvin is a community activist and organized the effort to complete the fence after kendall fenwick's death. he was building a fence to keep his three young children safe. >> he was 24 years old, a father of three that worked. he engaged in his community. where is his support from the administration, from the municipality itself? >> fenwick's murder was another step towards a depressing
statistic for baltimore. in 2014 there were 211 murders. on thursday, the day before the funeral, it was 306. >> i believe the uptick in violence has to do with some of the gang culture and some respect issues on the streets of baltimore. >> deputy commissioner deen palmeer is the director of operations. >> this is a very unique year in baltimore and hope it's an anomaly. >> one is the freddie gray case. gray, a young black man, was fatally injured in police custody. his death was followed by riots. >> you had two or three or four very well-publicized incident of police brutality. it triggers the response and reaction that we got when we had the beginning of those riots. >> city councilman william welch weighed in a popular theory,
that after gray's death the police backed off from strict enforcement. >> i've heard police officers pull a perpetrator up and he will throw up his hands and say freddie gray, and i'm sure that has a psychological effect on the police officer. >> i think post-civil unrest there was anxiety not only, you know, with any options but within the communities themselves. that has not prevented the officers from going out and doing their job. >> the death of freddie gray in police custody and the upheaval that followed brought national attention to baltimore, but this city isn't the only city in america where the murder rate after years of decline is on the rise. "the new york times" collected dat from from several police departments, milwaukee, st. louis, washington, d.c., new orleans and chicago. all showed a substantial increase in murders between august 2014 and august 2015. in all of these cities police need help from residents to
identify people responsible for violent crimes, but irvin says baltimore residents are reluctant to come forward. >> baltimore has something of a history also of people who have come forward and then are supposed to be protected of them being touched. >> what do you mean by touched? >> intimidation, threatening their lives. >> yes, the full gamut. >> baltimore police admit that trust building is a problem. they say they're making progress in getting the community's assistance to find kendall fenwick's killer and prevent more deaths. >> let's talk about it. d. watt k watkins joins us from little rock arkansas, and jeffrey ross is the criminalist and professor from university of baltimore in washington, d.c. let me star with you, son of baltimore. you're a son of baltimore and i'm a son of baltimore. we'll check in with professor ross in a second here.
what's going on in our hometown? >> so, you know, i don't think that we can make a connection to the freddie gray case. i find it hard to believe that police officers aren't performing in the manner in which they should be performing because of one murder. this is after years and years and years of lack of opportunity, you know. we can't put this on the gray case. there's too many other things to consider. one, you have safe streets, an organization that has been doing good work and made a difference being taken away because of some say criminal activity, some say other things. i don't have all the facts on that, so i can't speak on it. the main thing is lack of opportunity. if you take the rise in murders across the nation with the unemployment rate, maybe we can find something there. >> right. now, professor ross, what do you think of d. watkins point here, it's not just one death, it's a lack of opportunity for years
and years and years? what's going on in baltimore from your perspective? >> if you're talking about lack of opportunity, then i'm assuming you're making the connection to the availability of drugs and the sale of drugs and then of heroin and crack cocaine. then we lead to the creation of gangs and then selling drugs. i think that's the long-term kind of process there. most of the violence that's going on there is gang-related, and it's connected to individuals who are trying to demonstrate their authority inside a gang and/or competition that's internal to a gang and also external forces, that is other gangs and other individuals coming into the -- >> professor ross, i don't think that's what d. watkins is referring to. i don't need to speak for him. he's right there. when we talk about the lack of opportunity, i think perhaps what he's referring to and
certainly what i'm referring to is a lack of good-paying jobs and a lack of an opportunity to get a really solid education in baltimore. >> thank you. is that what you're saying, d.? >> that's exactly what i'm saying. no, this isn't like -- it's not just baltimore. this is happening across the nation, and you cannot just -- it's not just a baltimore thing. if you and i went to hollywood today and we shut the movie industry down, we moved in a militarized police force and sprinkle crack on time, you get the same thing. it's not just a baltimore thing. >> what do you think about that, the lack of opportunity, professor ross, meaning a lack of jobs in that community in baltimore city and the lack of an opportunity to get what i think all of us would consider to be a really solid education? >> so i'm confused here. so are you saying thus lack of opportunity, and then we go and shoot some people?
what's the connection there? >> i think you're looking for -- >> if you live in a nation where wealth is dangled in front of your face all day long and don't have the access or ability to touch any of it, it can drive you crazy. this is not a new thing. it's the same issues. the only thing that changes is the faces telling the stories. it's the same thing. >> you deny that as a reality, professor ross. >> so it drives you crazy and pick up a gun and shoot someone else -- i don't understand it. >> let me ask you -- >> you might -- okay. >> go ahead, d. go ahead, d. >> i mean i -- >> you might not understand that reality because you probably come from a place of privilege, so your whole experience doesn't mirror the people who are going through a lot of these homicides and things of that nature. >> that's totally irrelevant because i have worked this baltimore. >> it's very relevant. privilege is very relevant. privilege is very relevant.
you must acknowledge that. >> what do you think is driving the spike in violence? what do you think it is? >> it's competition inside gangs for respect, for opportunities, competition from outside, internal dynamics inside the drug market. that's what is going on. if you want to go back to the issue of privilege, that's a more complicated, long-term kind of explanation. when you can make, you know, thousands -- a couple thousand dollars on the street in one day versus having a different job out there that just gives you a middle class, you know, livelihood, there's a certain attractiveness to the gang life beyond just simply money. >> let me suggest something else. >> that's a very disconnected opinion.
what you said doesn't make any sense. think about why they're selling drugs. people don't want to sell drugs, and the life isn't that attractive. it's not. maybe from the outside looking in you think you understand how these things work, but they don't work like that at all. people aren't going to bed, you know, at night dreaming of being drug dealers whether they grow up. these are people who can't or don't have the opportunities to do anything else. >> professor, can i try something else on you? professor, let me try this on you. i'm old enough to remember the period of which i'm about to refer to here. so many of the industries that supported the middle class in baltimore have downsized or are simply gone. i can remember a time when bethlehem steel, my dad worked there. that was a thriving business. there was a time when it was the largest employer in baltimore. the ports were bustling. baltimore was a city of smokestacks. my question is -- i'm trying to understand what's happened. a lot of those jobs are simply
gone, and either black folks have not adapted to the new economy or have been locked out. you can't deny that a lot of the industry in that city has vanished. >> i'm not denying that. if we're going to talk about a socioeconomic argument based on the health, the economic health of the city, that kind of takes the conversation in a different direction, which is several steps removed from the primary question, which is why this year there is a phenomenal increase in violent crime and homicides in baltimore. tell me what the difference is in the economic this year versus last year and the lack of opportunities? did something happen 18 months ago or, let's say, january 1st in baltimore in terms of opportunities? my answer is -- i'm goalkeeper to ask you the question and i'm
going to answer it. i don't think that there has been any significant differences there. now, you might argue that it's been a culmination of things, but it didn't just start january 1. there are dynamics operating there on the ground that have to be addressed, and it's not just simply police practices. i'm on the same page with d. there. just because of the freddie gray incident or this alleged ferguson effect, police officers really aren't -- you find selective police officers who are reluctant to do what they're paid to do. those discretionary authority to stop, question, search, arrest, ticket, warn, that sort of thing. you see that. you hear these stories, but it's really what's going -- it's on the ground sorts of things. >> so basically, i guess, what we can say here is if police officers are allowed to kill an
unarmed black man who he had no reason for stopping, if they're allowed to do that, they can be more effective at their jobs? we must give them the power to murder people, and then they can be more effective? i hear police can't do their jobs because they're too scared of what happened with freddie gray. if we allow them to murder, then they can go out there and the murder rate will go down and we can stop crime? >> professor, last word. >> i don't know how you come to that conclusion, d. >> i think we can -- >> i don't understand the logic there. >> it's based on a whole idea of this narrative of people saying -- i'm not saying you said this, but i keep hearing people say police officers are saying they can't be effective because of the freddie gray effect. >> d., in fairness i believe what the professor is saying is that he agrees with you that this idea that one death at the hands of these officers doesn't really explain what's happened in terms of this spike. >> no, it doesn't. it doesn't.
>> so that's a place where we should probably button it up, because i'm flat out of time. thanks for your time, d., and professor ross. thanks for your perspective. gentlemen, thank you both. straight ahead on the program, the attack in mali. we look at the major rebel groups destabilizing west africa. plus, the volkswagen scandal grows and the automaker says more cars are involved in emissions cheating. ting.
a siege in west africa left 19 people dead. over an hour ago the state department confirmed an american was among the victims. it happened in the former french colony of mali at the raddison blu, a u.s.-owned hotel popular are vitors overseas. armed men opened fire in the lobby. then they took about 170 people hostage. over the course of the day, those people were set free. malian security forces eventually entered the hotel and at last report they were going through the building to secure it. a group said to have ties to al qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack. the leader of that group, the algerian has been a wanted man in the united states since 2003. at least five rebel groups are active in mali. john is here with a breakdown of the major players. john. >> thank you, good evening.
so different from where we live here in the united states. mali, like many african nations is a large land-locked countries with miles and miles of bush and scrub land where rebel groups easily hide and disappear. it's embroiled in the worst political crisis. two years ago the french had to go into the north of the country to put down an al qaeda-led insurgency. there are five prominent islamist groups operating in mali right now and here tler beginning with al sal dean, which means defenders of the faith. al qaeda in the islamic and the signed in blood battalion and the last one at the bottom is the i see lan mick movement.
this is al qaeda in the islamic republic. they're activity as kro the north and west of the continent. when it comes to gun running, it really doesn't help very much that mali is reasonably close to the market but reasonably close to libya where both al qaeda and isil are active at the moment. and nigeria here not too far away really by land, and only this week a report by the institute for economics and peace said the terrorist group there called boko haram is the world's deadliest. killing more people last year than the islamic state did in syria and iraq. >> thank you. the leader of that group, muktar bell muktar is on the stale departmented wanted list. he was behind the attack of a gas installation in algeria two years ago. in that incident about 800 were
held captive. 39 hostages were killed including three americans. that led the state department to offer a $100,000 reward for his arrest. we have more now. >> reporter: known as the uncatchable, he's evades several attempts to arrest him by security forces in algeria, mali and france. he was targeted by a u.s. air strike in libya in june and supposedly killed. but al qaeda says he survived the at that tack. they say muktar takes responsibility for the attack. >> reporter: he's been wanted by several countries for a long time, and he's undoubtedly behind this attack, although we can't confirm it yet.
al mourabitoun has links to al qaeda. they use weapons smuggling and drug trafficking to finance the activities. >> he fought with osama bin laden in afghanistan. he was the leader of al qaeda in northwestern africa but split from the group in 2012 to form his own militia. the group has previously been involved in hostage taking sieges in the region as recently as august several hostages were taken and killed in central mali. now his group has claimed responsibility for the attack on the raddison blu. mary beth long is a former assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs, and she joins me from washington. mary beth, good to have you on the program. look, this group led by muktar bel muktar claiming credit for this attack, what more do you
know about him? first of all, is he alive or is he dead? >> i don't think anybody really knows. certainly the libyan government reported him to have passed as a result of u.s. air strikes this past june, but as you know, al qaeda has denied that from the beginning. he's certainly evaded death before. >> the organization that he leads is one of a number of islamic groups, correct, that have been active in mali this year with at least two other attacks, correct? >> that's correct. actually, earlier this year the particular group that muktar led had an opportunity to join isis, and he declined toosdz, which is interesting i think. >> as recently as 2013, french forces, if we're talking about greater mali reversed an all-out
al qaeda take-over of most of mali, correct? i believe timbucktu was essentially gone. and the forces were moving close to bamako, correct? >> they were. they were pushed back by an effort to really turn back the jihadist and take back the land. they were really decimated, but they weren't neutralized. >> mary beth, what should we make of the timing of the attacks so close to the paris attacks? >> i think it's very interesting not only the timing but the location. this is, of course, a former french colony. this is a place where, as you point out, the french recently pushed back a few rebels, and it comes just weeks after, of course, isis got tremendous acclaim and international
attention for the attack in france. this may well be his ability or apparent attempt to raise his hand and say don't forget about me and al qaeda as well. >> this feels so much like the mumbai attacks from 2008. have both al qaeda and maybe i.s taken a page from the mumbai attackers in identifying softer targets and less expensive operations? >> certainly recently a chak in the tactics and the strategy of isis by moving abroad and really launching what are fairly simple in the con sec of a lot of bank for your buck so to steek and a
lot of international attention with the mumbai attack with the jihadists working there. al qaeda has tried a lot more sophisticated attacks, some of which have been turned back. this recent soft target and sort of low profile attacks gets a lot of international attention. unfortunately they're difficult to spot and stop. >> mary beth long is the former assistant. good to have you on the program. thank you. up next, a new more dangerous super bug. what's different about this latest generation of bacteria judge why antibiotics don't why. an apology from scotland yard. what under cover officers did and it's heinous to draw an unprecedented response. d response.
health officials say the last line of defense against bacteria has been broken. this week scientists discovered a mutating super bug in china just as the world health organization is trying to educate people about the dangers of antibiotic resistant bacteria. courtney keely has our report. >> the world is heading towards a post-antibiotic era. >> reporter: a warning from the world health organization this week. health officials say bacteria is getting stronger. so strong it is now able to fight off the drugs that used to stop it. >> if current trends continue,
sophisticated interventions like organ transplantation, joint replacements, cancer chemotherapy and care of preterm infants will become more difficult or even too dangerous to undertake. >> reporter: wednesday chinese scientists discovered new mutation in a bacteria that makes it invincible. highly resistant with even a last resort of antibiotics with the strongest in the group. the mutation known as mcr-1 has another alarming power. it can transfer its super strength to a range of bacteria including e. coli and the germs that cause pneumonia. >> the moment that problem pops up in one country, it really could be a global event. so we can see an antibiotics resistance problem in china, and in a matter of hours within a plane flight, that problem can arise in america, in other couldn'ts as well. >> health officials say these dangerous super bugs are a
result of antibiotic abuse, especially in farm animals. in china farmers feed their pigs low doses of cholestin to fatten them up. >> the more we use them the more we lose them. each time wi tack an antibiotic the bacteria in and our bodies are more likely to become resistant. >> about 700,000 people die every year from super bugs, but officials say if action isn't taken soon, the number of deaths could shoot up to 10 million by 2050. health officials worldwide are lobbying to put more restrictions on antibiotics and encouraging the public only to use them when prescribed. courtney keely, al jazeera. >> joins me now is dr. saline gal ner that specialized in infectious diseases. hi. >> hi. >> if this last line of defense
cholestin is challenged, how serious is this? >> tony, cholistin and one of the older antibiotics we have is it's quite literally a detergent. you give people i.v. detergent to kill bugs, and there's a lot of toxicity involved in that. it's a big deal we have to resort to this for many infections at this point. >> what regions of the world that would be most affected by the super bugs? >> certainly in the u.s. we see a lot of super bugs. we see a lot of growth in this is the bricks country. brazil, china. >> russia, india? >> so it's in those countries where we see increasing incomes, rising incomes but still developing country kinds of living situation and the confluence of more antibiotic use but still poor hygiene and sanitation needs. they have more resistance. >> how much of this is due to
the fact that antibiotics are being used in meat production and in poultry? >> well, quite frankly we use even more antibiotics in food production than in humans. quite a bit more, actually. >> great. >> we're not using them just to treat infections. we use them to mask again, poor hygiene, animal husbandry and also to promote growth. that's really not an appropriate use of antibiotics. >> wait a minute here. in the final analysis one of the other reasons we were talking about this is the overprecipitation of antibiotics. and that has to stop, doesn't it? >> well, it's on us as pashs as well as doctors. people think that i feel really sick. the common cold can make you feel really sick, but that's caused by a virus, and people don't understand that the treatment of bacteria, antibiotics, those drugs don't work for viruss. so you could have a common cold. you could be miserable. you could still have a cough or post-nasal drip through weeks
later. that doesn't mean antibiotics will help up. >> the z-pack. the doctors are the professionals here. they have to be the adults here, so they have to say you don't need an oent bake for this, tony. >> that takes time. unfortunately, to counsel patients and doctors don't like saying no to their patients. the other problem is doctors tonight like to miss something. they're worried they might miss something or might not know how to make an appropriate dgsz. they're kind of covering themselves by giving you unnecessary antibiotics. >> how easy -- it's a lot harder than simply saying can't we just go and find other antibiotics, develop other antibiotics? it's not that simple, is it? >> the financial incentives for the pharmaceutical industries aren't there. you use an antibiotic for a short period of time for treepting an infection. when you measure up the cost of
research of development versus the market, the volume of sales, it's just not a good equation for them. >> got you. good to see you. good weekend. >> my pleasure. >> thank you for being here. the number of e. coli cases linked to chipotle restaurants are growing. the cdc says cases in california, ohio and new york match the strain of e. coli from the initial outbreak in the pacific northwest. cases have been reported in a total of six states. volkswagen may be forced to recall an additional 500,000 vehicles. the large diesel vehicles were aeffected by the recent emission scandal. they are wired with software to help them pass emission tests even though they don't meet clean air standards. weeks ago officials revealed that volkswagen's smaller cars contained the software. for a look at the top of the hour, john seigenthaler is here. at 8:00, another attack and another continent. dozens are killed inside a mali
hotel including americans. how police stopped the gunmen and what we know about them. new leads in france. new information about a third suspect who died in that raid and eights what's being done to security europe's borders. i talk to a top u.s. commander. 30 years in prison. why a texas man was set free after being convicted of spying r for israel against the u.s. and the job offer he's already received. aulgs tonight from an imprisoned spy to america's top spies,my interview with executive producer chris whiple. he talks about the insight he gained in his new documentary "spy masters" that interviews ever cia chief. >> i think these cia directors maybe to a person feel they're misunderstood, feel that their successes are never heard about. the failures are always magnified. >> those stories and a lot more
coming up in eight minutes. tony. london's police department has apologized and is paying millions of dollars to seven women activists who were deceived into relationships with undercover officers. now, the officers were investigating groups those women were affiliated with. some of the relationships were intimate and also long-term. even lasting up to nine years. scotland yard is spending an estimated $4.6 million to compensate the women. officials call the behavior totally unacceptable. >> i acknowledge that these relationships were a violation of the women's human rights and abuse of police power and caused significant trauma. i unreservedly apologize on mraf of the metropolitan police service. >> it comes nearly five years after the women first launched legal action. up next, sound of solidarity. it has been sung around the world to show support for paris. a look at the meaning behind the french national anthem. l anthem.
this week. joie chen has more on what has become a song of hope and resilience. >> it was a moment that defined what it means to be french. [ singing ] >> a moment shared instantly on social media. even as the first soccer fans filtered out of the staid de france. even as awareness of the attacks first began to spread. the french delivered their response to evil in the word of their national anthem. [ singing ]
the anthem born more than 200 years ago, it's wo its words ner more powerful than they are now, to the french no matters where they are. to understand the song and what it means to the french, we turned not to a historian or musical expert but to a proud frenchman who brought his skillses to a kitchen in america two decades ago and even today keeps france close at hand. [ singing ] >> can you interpret it for me? >> well, there's both a call for
the people to rally and get together. fight. it means all the sons of our nation, let's get together. let's rally. let's get hold -- hold on together to the enemy. that's really what it's about. we are a nation together rallying against anyone other, urn -- >> tyranny. >> tyranny, exactly. there's a meaning that's a lot more than just about the enemy, but it's also about the tyranny and also about people that will not share our value of the french republic. >> joie chen, al jazeera. >> well-done. and you can watch joie chen weeknights at 9:30 eastern and 6:30 pacific on "america tonight." i'm tony harris. thank for watching. have a great weekend. john has the news right now. lebanon and france and now mali. a week after the attacks in
paris, gunmen storm a luxury hotel in the capital city of bamako. scores were taken hostage before the military moved in, and at least 19 people killed including a u.s. citizen. a group affiliated with al qaeda is claiming responsibility. nadim baba has more. >> reporter: soldiers help an employee of the raddison blu out of the building after a hostage situation that lasted many hours. gunmen managed to get inside shouting god is great in arabic before taking around 170 people hostage. as the full extent of the attack became clear, many here were in shock. as the malian president cut short a trip to chad and flew home, the government tried to reassure people. >> translator: this morning at 7:00 a.m. the radisson hotel was attacked. according to the information we have, there are two or three armed men with military armament lk