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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 23, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EST

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-- build a coalition to defeat-- building a coalition to defeat i.s.i.l. a week of diplomacy for francois hollande by meeting in paris. also ahead police in belgium arrest 16 people in overnight raids across brussels as the hunt continues for a key suspect in the paris attacks. the kirchner era ends in argentina. mauricio macri wins the historic
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presidential run-off. plus >> reporter: he was able to see his father's face and call him father. that was the happiest thing. >> reporter: reunited briefly after 65 years of separation. a month on we catch up with kor korean families divided by war > british p.m. is in discussing with francois hollande who is trying to gather international support for military response after paris attacks. here is what the british p.m. had to say >> today we've agreed to step up our efforts even further and to work with more chosely with our european neighbours. there is required a pan european effort, a stronger e.u. border
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to protect our border more effectively with screening, security checks and greater sharing of data amongst member states our correspondent andrew simmons for us now in paris. it was a strong display of unity between the two countries. >> reporter: yes, and a very touching moment before the breakfast meeting between the two leaders when necessity went to the bataclan theatre-- when they went to the bataclan theatre, the dismall scene of the attack last friday when hostages were held and there was a blood bath with 90 deaths. they laid a single rose in homage to the victims before they started talking. they were talking war. they can't deploy any attacks in syria because you may remember
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two years ago parliament refused to approve any attacks in syria. they didn't want to get stuck in conflict with no apparent end. that is a different situation now, according to cameron. he is indicating that he will be going to parliament to seek approval for air strikes in syria. in the interim he is going to be allowing the royal air force in cyprus to be used by the french air force to help their logistics and also he will be assisting in other logistical ways with air to air refuelling and also of course continuing air strikes in iraq. he also referred to the issue of intelligence sharing and the cross-border security situation, but he said that it would seem that there is more information
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coming from outside the e.u. than from what they can share with each other. that's intelligence. now, that's a pretty extraordinary thing to say and it's no secret that the french are really, really annoyed that some e.u. states have not passed intelligence on to them and they can't work out where key figures were in the run-up to the french attacks. i mean, of course, they must be looking now at the situation in belgium where there is good intelligence sharing, it would seem, and i'm sure the french people are thinking if only we had had some sort of warning that some sort of awful attack of the sort that was seen was on the way of course, the first of many meetings that we will be seeing this week between top leaders discussing their response to this attack. >> reporter: very much so. the french president has what
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could well be the most difficult diplomatic mission of his presidency ahead. he is going to new york - sorry, to washington dc on tuesday to meet barrack obam a to get more commitment from the u.s. in assisting air strikes in leading air strikes in syria against i.s.i.l. he will then move on from there back to paris to meet the german chancellor merkel where he wants to discuss the approach made to putin in russia to try and bring them into a grand coalition. also to discuss with germany the issue of the schengen agreement which allows passport-free travel in europe, to really suspend that and bring in more stringent controls within the e.u. itself because of the security situation, and then, of course, that meeting in the
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kremlin on thursday with putin, will they be able to get a grand coalition with russia? it's going to be very tough indeed -- thanks very much -- thanks very much. over to our correspondent in moscow. one of those meetings will be between francois hollande and putin and he is in iran attending an energy summit but surely he will be talking about syria there. >> reporter: yes, of course. the official reason is going to talk about gas and all those sorts of things, rather dull, but if you look through the official press release, they say is beyond all the bilateral stuff they're going to be talking about trade, investment and things like that. yes, they will be be talking about syria and counter terrorism and also about how to take on i.s.i.l.
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let's have a look at where we are, the situation with these two countries and what they're doing in syria at the moment. you have iranian military personnel fighting and dying in syria at the moment. you have hezbollah, which is funded by the ewe rainians-- uranians, lebanese, you have the air strike supporting the fight, is as well as the russians going after i.s.i.l. what the west will be looking for in this meeting between the russian president and the iranian president and the iranianayotollah, signs of disagreement or any kind of divergence of agreement about what should happen to president bashar al-assad. is moscow ready to give up on
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him as long as its interested in syria-- its interests in syria is protected. is this going to be the thing that can finally separate this partnership that has emerged between russia and tehran what chance is there that they will find any p splits. just how close russian and iranian relations are right now these are both extrow vertical nations-- extrove, t nations trying to exert in the same geographical space. at the moment both moscow and tehran see their interests aligning with each other. that's just for the moment. looking at what has gone on - for the last few years we've had various deals and things that have been signed between the countries. most recently an agreement for russia to export sophisticated missile defense systems to tehran. also a russian contract to build
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nuclear reactors in iran. russia was part of the p5 plus one negotiating group that basically persuaded tehran to give up on its nuclear weapons ambitions for return of you lifting of sanctions. also you have to bear in mind that these two are going to be competitors in the very sthort term future in terms of selling oil. russia is annex porting nation-- an exporting nation. iran is going-- tie ran is going to be able to sell oil on the international market. that will impact on russia's price, probably not favorably. russia would like to see tehran staying in its particular or built and not drift-- orbit and drifting any further into western powers thanks for that. meanwhile in belgium people have arrested 16 people in raids across brussels.
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they're still hunting for the key suspect 26-year-old salah abdeslam. >> reporter: on the face of it major success for the belgium authorities on sunday night. a total of 22 coordinated raids all within minutes of each other and 16 is suspects arrested. a judge will decide whether or not those arrests should turn into longer detention. it may well be that some of those 16 end up getting released, but nonetheless the police abdomen the authorities after many days of extreme pressure to make some progress do appear at last to have made a break through. one thing to say is that salah abdeslam, the prime target of the authorities, have still slipped through the net. he is still on the run at the moment. that means that the terror threat here in brussels, the alert level remains at level 4. it's not quite lock down. you can see there are trams, buses running over ground, but schools in the brussels area are shut today and the metro under
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ground railway will remain shut. there's no way that they can lift that threat, level of alert until they get their prime suspect. for the moment it appears that the police are at last starting to make some progress in that direction other news now. argentina has elected its first con serbtive president in more than april decade. mauricio macri received just over half the votes. >> reporter: the impossible was possible for mauricio macri on sunday night when he became the elected president of argentina. one month ago his chances were slim against daniel scioli, but in one month the mayor of buenos aires was able to build enough to defeat kirchner's hand picked successor. >> translation: i'm here because you brought me here and so i ask you don't abandon me. let us continue together on 10
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december. a wonderful stage for argentina is beginning here and now >> reporter: his supporters believe him. all of them say they're ready on work for argentina. >> translation: we have the support of the people. we need to start acting and not complain so we can really change this country. >> reporter: celebrations continued until late at night. >> reporter: the election results show the majority in argentina voted. the people that you can see me are not only celebrating mauricio macri's victory but the end of an era after 12 years of kirchnerism from 2003. >> reporter: the left wing movement brought about deep government involvement in the economy and many credited with pulling many of argentinans out of poverty. among kirchner supporters there was sadness and defiance. >> translation: people have no
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memory. once things are going okay they decide to throw everything out of the window. local media is brain washing people. >> reporter: macri beat scioli by only three points raising questions about governablity. christina kirchner will remain powerful. her party has majority if congress. analy analysts say the biggest challenge for macri is the economy. >> the micro economic policy especially from the last two years has been deficient. the economy has been stagnant for four years. so there is a change in the micro economic regime coming and it will be pretty difficult to manage this situation without it having an impact on inflation >> reporter: sunday was a historical day in argentina.
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the first second round in this country's history and a first time in 12 years that the people have demanded change still to come here on the program, mali's president told jams who was responsible for an attack on a luxury hotel in bamako. plus. >> reporter: i'm at the trail museum where thousands of antiquitys were looted at the start of the 2003 u.s.-led invasion.
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-- the top stories here on al jazeera. british p.m. david cameron has promised to support france in its effort to combat i.s.i.l. he is in paris discussing a joint military response to the paris attacks. cameron said britain should launch air strikes against i.s.i.l. in syria. belgium police have arrested 16 people in raids believed to be connected to the paris attacks. the main suspect salah abdeslam is still on the run. argentina has voted in a center right president for the first time in more than a decade. the opposition mauricio macri celebrated his victory. the attacks in paris have called for tighter policing of europe's borders, but these contradict the idea of free movement protected by what is called the schengen area. it is the orange area here on the screen and has been in place
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for 30 years. you can enter the schengen area at any border. for example, spain, travel anywhere in europe across countries which are part of the zone and exit, say, through finland, without having to pass through border controls nor have your passport checked. the u.k. and ireland despite being part of the e.u. are not part of the schengen zone. it recognise the free movement of people of a fundamental right guaranteed by the e.u. that could change. >> reporter: fences, the european union has for years campaigned against them. in northern ireland divide communities, in the occupied palestinian territories. inside you're step security-- europe itself, security like everybody else else is trumping high moral talks of human rights. greece, macedonia, hungary and
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slovenia is buying barbed wire. all this in calling into question what the e.u. greatest supporters say was its greatest achievement, border free travel known as schengen. it turns 30 this year. in 1985 it was created the soviet union were about to colonel appears and books were being written called the end of history, a sat state of affairs in which nothing significant was going to happen and conflicts were a thing of the past. what a long time ago that now feels. the question really is whether a europe without borders and security checks is really such a good idea in such a violent world. so the populos write schengen its lack of border controls which allows for attacks in europe.
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increasingly they say, we told you this would happen >> schengen is not working because it must be like it was once in 25 years ago or something like that when you had to show your passport. it's no need to make such a strong borderss, but i think it is important to show on each border your passport and the ordinance of repression, let's say, must make a control. >> reporter: the dutch government is proposing going back to the mini schengen, open borders with it, austria, germany and other countries. this will leave e.u. countries out, countries like slovenia, now a main refugee route suddenly under threat. liberal voices here say it would be an economic and social disaster for them. >> i'm afraid we in in a state
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of disintegration-- are in a state of disintegration which will be led by right wing politicians. >> reporter: of course the real doomsday scenario is the end not just the schengen but of the e.u., collapse of free trade movements, unpicking of wounds between countries which two generations ago were at war. that really would be a victory for i.s.i.l. lawrence lee emergency teams are still searching for survivors after a huge land slide in northern myanmar. 113 people are confirmed dead and a hundred others are still missing after a mountain of mining waste near a jade mining state collapsed. >> reporter: emergency and rescue workers as well as soldiers have been at the site of the land slide pulling out bodies trying to find survivors.
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local officials say they're no closer to know what exactly caused the land slide to happen but they say it was a 60 metre pile of waste soil that collapsed burying minors and those who were sleeping early on saturday morning. it was thought 70 huts were buried leaving five standing. many are dead are jade miners, poor workers looking for jade scrap in waste soil. this is the rocks debris and earth left over by big mining companies after they've combed an area for the bigger more valuable pieces of jade. the jade industry is profitable in myanmar which has some of the world's finest jade. the environmental advocacy group global witness estimate that the jade industry in myanmar was valued at 31 billion dollars last year. the industry is still opaque.
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many mining concession raz good given to companies that have close military ties. the industry is not regulated. it is not unheard of for small workers to be injured or killed. it has tried to be prevented by telling workers not to work at these waste tips and to stop making their homes on these tailing dumps, back-up there seems to be very little enforcement of this rule. in this year alone there has been land slides in march, in may and in june that have killed dozens of people there has been an explosion at the yakasuni shrine in japan. it caused a fire in a toilet. no-one was injured. the shrine honors the dead but neighbouring china sand south korea say it honors war criminals. it is one month since an elderly south cran mother and son said--
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korean goodbye to their north korean father. the reunions were a warm celebration between the two governments. >> reporter: there's was a story that dominated coverage of last months reunions between families separated by the korean war. the son was meeting a father he had long assumed was dead. a month on the power of those emotions isn't far away. >> translation: as old as he is, my son hadn't been able to utter the word father once in his life. he was able to see his father's face and call him father. that was the happiest thing. >> translation: our characters are the same, skr judging what--
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judging what i felt. deep down there is something between father and son >> reporter: they had been married for seven months when they parted. she remembers a some hesitant young man. >> translation: at that time he was a new bride groom. his moves, he got better. >> reporter: she says his remarriage in the north prompted no jealousy. >> translation: there's no such feeling. he was forced to go. no need to blame. i think it is only facility. >> reporter: the joy-- only natural. >> reporter: after the previous event of 230 south koreans who responded to a red cross follow-up, nearly half of them said they encountered difficulties in returning to normal life. 10% said that they wished the reunion had never happened in the first place. returning to normal life after such emotional turbulence can be
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hard. for this person it has meant to re-adjusting to part-time construction work and meals with his wife in their restaurant. >> translation: when we had to part i wrote a letter. i put into the hands of my father through the window of the bus. whoever reads it will burst into tears because i wrote the words "university of missouri-- "miss"in every line. >> reporter: his mother says she feels no sadness simply happy to know that her husband is live. south korean boar-- won't allow her to rescind his death certificate the united nations is warning that iraq's a shan't her at a stage could be lost forever. many artefacts after the u.s. led invasion in 2003.
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i.s.i.l. had looted and destroyed thousands of pieces, but the government is trying to recover them. >> reporter: ancient history and relativics from the-- relics from the world's oldest areas. the walls and floors have the art from societies that predate jesus christ by thousands of years. this woman has worked here since 1999. she says in the weeks leading up to the 2003 u.s. led invasion she and her colleagues warned iraqi and american officials that the mew seam was vulnerable but no-one seemed to listen. >> more than 50 thousand pieces were stolen just from this mew seam. -- museum. >> reporter: almost immediately
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officials began efforts to get back the relativics along with u.s. support, a recovery department was set up. objects were enearthd from private homes, recovered in raids and some simply reappeared on the museum shelves. other treasurers were seized from international-- antiquities. this piece known as the statue, the 1 # 50 kilogram bronze relic dates back to a past project that has been put back on display. some of the museums finest antiquities aren't on display. breuer bricked up in storage rooms off view. they're safely guarded that we weren't allowed anywhere near them. that's because of concerns over iraq's readiness to preserve and
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protect its own treasures. >> it is my history and i should be proud to put these pieces in this gallery, but it's not allowed now. >> reporter: it's not artefacts stored at the mew seam at risk. there are 12,000 known sites where many aapril chant-- ancient sites were. much of the heritage continues to be threatened one of the last living northern white rhinos has died leaving just three of its species left on the planet. she was 41 years old, weighing
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1800 kilogram and had lived in the park since 1989. she was put down after her health deteriorated. it is on the branch of extinction because of their horn. >> on august 3rd 2014 us and afghan special operations forces deployed to charkh district about sixty miles south of kabul to clear taliban from the area. there's nothing unusual about this. us special operations forces often accompany afghan soldiers on these sorts of missions. i was in afghanistan at the time of the operation. a source called me to tell me that soldiers had beaten a man to death.

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