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tv   World News  Al Jazeera  November 24, 2015 10:00pm-11:01pm EST

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>> sarah hoye, al jazeera. turkey apparently flew over turkish airspace. search for a solution: >> my tom priority is going to be too ensure this does not escalate. >> president obama and french president francois hollande
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discuss the effort to end the syrian civil war. >> numberem burg trials as the numberem burg failed to present the promise of presenting genocide. can facial recognition help police stop attackers before they can strike? >> good evening. tonight, we begin in turkey where a decision to shoot down a russian fighter jet is likely to have a lasting effect. the turkish government says the plane entered its airspace at two separate locations along the syrian border. turkey says the order to shoot came after the russian crew came after warnings. >> one pilot was killed and a
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russian marine. the russian military says he was on board a helicopter attacked by syrian rebels on the ground. the kremlin is disputing turkey's claim that the jet violated its airspace. russia insists the aircraft was above syrian territory when it came under fire. rory challands has that story. >> reporter: it was the angry language of betrayal putin described it as a stab in the back. >> we regarded turkey not only as a close neighbor but as a friendly state. i don't know who wanted what was done today. we didn't in any case. instead of contacting us, they addressed their partners as if it was us who downed their plane, not vites verse a. russia's defense ministry said it was not true that it was in turkish airspace or that it was warned by turkish jets.
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>> there were no attempts on the part of the turkishjets to communicate by mea. the rocket hit the planes. the place the plane fell was on syrian territory. the pilots were able to reject. according to preliminary data, one of the pilots was killed in the air by fire from ground. >> russia's first response was diplomatic. lavrov cancelled his trip to turkey. the second was commercial, advising russians it was unsafe for them to travel to turkey. and a military response of sorts, too. a russian warship is being sent to the coastline and cooperation with turkey's armed forces has been stopped. but worries of a serious e escalation of hostilities are being downplayed? >> we do not think this will lead to military confrontation between russia and turkey for the simple reason as turkey
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being a member state of the nato alliance, and russia wouldn't be interested in that. turkey wouldn't go in war with russia over this, of course. but what was the most likely intention of turkey in doing so was to assert boundaries. >> reporter: russia may look for more ways to retaliate, ratcheting up the air campaign. it had been going fairly smoothly. no longer. it's just suffered its first come at about fatalities, lost an expensive war plane and a helicopter. for that to have happened solely at the hands of isil or other rebels would probably have been considered an acceptable cost of war. but it didn't. it was inflicted by a country that russia says it treated as a friend. rory challands, al jazeera,
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moscow. >> nat 0 is standing behind turkey in this dispute after the jet was shot down, nato convened an emergency meeting. afterwards secretary general called for calm and urged russia and turkey to work to deescalate the situation. he also said alleys provided informati information. >> russia has questioned why turkey was so quick to turn to nato for help. president putin says it was as if a turkish plane had been shot down and warned it would lead to sequences for turkey. al jazeera's omar alsalah explains what that could mean. >> turkey and russia have had conflict for more than 400 years ago, to the first world war. in modern times, relations were quite as solid and based upon mutual interests and respect.
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the two countries trades tens of billions of dollars every year. >> 50% of turkey's gas is applied by russia. the war in syria has soured their relationships. the major reason for the increasing between ankara and moscow, russia backs assad whereas turkey is doing everything possible to bring him down. >> the incidents and previous tensions on the boarders and issues of violating turkish airspace and so on and so forth is a stol of a greater problem. the message turkey is sending by downing this fighter jet is not only for moss co. also to washington and paris. it said something very simple. you can't maneuver politically or militarily in syria and ig norris at the same time. >> tensions, russia airstrikes against isil and syrian
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opposition. last month, government leaders in ankara complained two russian jets violated turkish airspace. russia's targets inside syria also triggered a harsh response from turkey. on monday, turkish leaders called for the united nations security council to hold a meeting against turkmen. many have left their homes. the shooting down of the jet is going to reshape regional and international politics especially towards syria. french president francois hollande met with president obama. the two vowed to emerge victorious. as al jazeera's senior washington correspondent mike
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vaquiera says it makes coordination even more complicated. >> with con complicate looming between russia and turkey, a nato ally president obama wants to stoppents from getting out of hand. >> i want to ensure this does not esc lane. >> french president hollande agrees. as he set down with president obama in the latest of his meetings with world powers, he asked for allied unity against isil in the wake of the paris attacks. today, we wanted on the occasion of that meeting first of all to share relentless determination to fight terrorism anywhere and anywhere. >> as the air campaign is stepped up against isil, like mr. obama, hollande said french combat forces will not got into syria. both say there is no ultimate military solution there. instead, they stress the
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diplomatic push underway in vienna. unless russia focus on isil. the u.s. and it's alleys. russ russia's outlier, we hope they re-focus their attention on what is the most substantial threat and that they serve as a constructive partner. >> for president obama, his meeting with hollande was meant to send a message of unity not just with france but within the united states where rancor and whether they should gain entry into the united states has become a major issue. last week, at the g20, mr. obama scold would those who said refugees should be barred from coming to the u.s. >> that's not american. it's not who we are. >> his tone was criticized from both sides of the political divide. mr. obama said he understood why
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some are hesitant on the question of refugees but didn't break away from his vow to allow them access to the u.s. >> even as we are vigilant, we cannot and will not succumb to fear nor can we allow fear to divide us antonio, a continuing issue among european current can trees that need to share intelligence. president obama publicly pushing spoken nations to share airline passenger information, something that evidently isn't done right now. antonio? >> mike vac array at the whitehouse. >> douglas ol i have a nt joined us from d.c. a senior fellow at new america and served as the director for iraq in the obama and bush administrations administrations. good evening, doug. >> in light of the russian plane shot down by the turks, most people watching weren't born the
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last time a nato ally shot down a russian plane. and now, some analysts are raising the specter of a third-world war. how abo how will putin respond? i can't imagine he will force a confrontation with nato. >> the good news is that all sides seem to agree no one wants any type of military escalation. i have no doubt that there will be some response from russia, but it will be diplomatic and economic, perhaps sanction nothing military is expected. >> what about the turks? is there any danger they would want to escalate if they are going to stay on an aggressive footage -- footing? because they are noon too happy. the russians are bombing some of the alleys fight to go overthrow assad in syria. >>. it's still none to clear what happened. is its plausible to believe the russians did incur into turkish airspace? it's plausible. is it plausible that they shot
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down the plane because it was bombing the turkemen nidz ndz syria? we are not sure what happened. it's hard to imagine the turks would significantly escalate. nato is standing by the turks because there is at least a plausible belief that the turks are the aggrieved party here if the turks take the offense to the russians, clearly, that would put them in a very different situation with nato. this map shows bombers left northern russia flying near norwegian and british airspace so close that british airplanes, fighter planes, were scrambled. they escorted the russians for a while. the russian planes then crossed into the mediterranean, through the strait of gibraltar. they shot into syria before they headed over to russia over iraq,roon and the cats mean see. it shows how russia has been
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careful. it flies close to nato territory but doesn't fly over it. why, then, would russia risk ignoring the warnings from turkey because it has done so repeatedly there? >> it is hard to know exactly what happened it could be that the russians did not fully understand where they were, that they had a navigational error. again, it could be that they see turkey as the weak link of nato. clearly if you violate brilt issue airspace, that's one thing that long-time special relationships between the united states and great britain, they may see correctly that the united states is not particularly happy withtie given the lack of enforcement with their border, allowing jihadists to move and, therefore, see turkey as a somewhat outlier inside nato and perhaps a vulnerable flank. >> to that point, the russians
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argue they have been looking in that area for isil supply lines between syria andey. the turks said they are turning a blind eye to smuggling goods and people? >> i don't think there is anyone who believes there is still apply line that comes through sfwoishing syria supporting at least some of the jihadists. of course, the difficulty is the turks will tell you that it's the moderate rebels that are being supported. the russians and others will say that it's go can to other groups as well. there is probably some truth in both of those stories. >> do you think as we just heard one analyst argue that the turks could be sending a message to both russia and the u.s. that they are players to be taken seriously? >> i think this is not really directed at the united states. more so at russia, but clearly, the turks have some interests here on the table that they believe are not being fullly
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accounted for, particularly their concerns about the kurds and their continuing belief that assad needs to go now, not later, but now. this is a -- they are making a statement, but i think it really is directed at russia. >> so what do you think this incident does to the negotiations over a political transition in syria? could francois hollandeses efforts heading to washington and talking to ram ron in paris and meet with putin in russia, could there be some sort of grand anti-isil alliance that might succeed despite these increased tensions? >>. >> there is hope. everyone is focused on getting rid of isil and russia in the shootdown -- or the downing of its airliner coming from egypt. there is some agreement. but as this entire day has shown
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tensions with regard to some of the groups on the ground and what should be done with them, be those kurds or the turkomen. other groups that don't fit inside this mainstream, you know, left/right. are you for assad, against assad? >> it is a complicated situation. do you go ol i have a nt, good to have you navigate us through it. >> belgium has issued an international warrant for a another suspect named mohammed abrini, seen at a gas station with the 8th attacker still at large. it is warped he is probably armed and dangerous. french prosecutos say the ringleader of the attacks returned to the crime scenes later that same evening and may have been outside the bataclan theatre while police stormed the building. a man who police say provided the attackers with an apartment north of pacers has been charged with terrorism-related offenses. still ahead on "al jazeera
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america," a state of emergency in tunisia following a deadly bomb attack. he bowl a claims a new victim in liberia months after the last patient died in that west african country.
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he said tunisia is in a war against terrorism. the blasts took place in the capital tunis. here is the latest. >> reporter: the remains of a presidential bus hit right in the heart of tunis, picking up officers at a bus stop when the explosion happened on one of the capitol's main boulevards. it was busy with commuters at the time. the blast was so loud it was heard across the center of tu in. is. the president said he called it an act of terror and al state of emergency. >> after consulting with the prime minister and head of parliament, i would like to declare the state of emergency as per 30 days per the law. secondly, there was a curfew imposed for all of tunisia starting at 9 this evening until tomorrow morning at 5:00. >> tunisia is still recovering
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from two attacks on tourists this year. securities forces were criticized for not responding quickly. isil claimed responsibility for those attacks. according to the government, there are around 3,000 tun easeians footing in iraq, syria and libya. there are also armed groups in the country linked to al-qaeda. he mergency gives execute forces additional powers to make arrests and stop people from protesting as well as restrictions on media coverage. there was already additional security in major cities and strategic areas on the border. they were unable prevent this latest attack. nazinene. >> isil crimeaed responsibility for a suicide car bomb that killed people in the sanai region. it came a day after egypt's second round of parliamentary elections. the hotel was hosting judges
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supervising the vote. two of them were among the people killed. sanai was shaken last month when a russian airliner crashed killing all 224 passengers. isil has claimed responsibility for that bombing. isil has been very effective at exploiting social media for recruitment and pro pa began a. the brookings institution analyzed twitter data to find out how many isil supporters are out there and where they are tweeting from. researchers found between 46 and 90,000 twitter accounts belonged to isil supporters throughout the world. most of them did not say where they are, but of those who did, nearly 1,000 claim to be in syria and iraq. 866 isil supporters said they were in saudi arabia. 404 said they were tweeting from the u.s. of the accounts that had their gps data enabled, it showed most were in iraq, syria and saudi arabia. none were in the u.s. however, only one and a half percent of the accounts had gps
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data enabled. two men accused of bombing a buddhist sideline were charged today. the deadly attack in august killed 20 people and injured 120s more. as wayne hay reports from bangkok, authorities say the bombing was an act of revenge. >> more than three months after the bombing, the two ses respect arrived to hear the charles against them. they have been channelled with 10 offenses including premeditated murder. >> 2 efficiently manage this case, judges have scheduled february 16th, next year, to be the day that the defendants will enter their pleas. >> twenty people were killed in the attack when the shrine was at its busiest at 7 in the evening. security camera video e merged of a foreign looking man at the sideline. >> man was aaron karadag.
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he was arrested at an apartments where more bomb-making equipment and fake pass ports were allegedly found. soon after, riley was arrested as he was trying to cross the thai border. he confessed to being the bomb maker. despite the fact that police and army have said this attack was carried out by a network of foreigners and thais, only two people have been arrested. another 15 suspects are wanted but the fact that only two have been caught so far is perhaps further evidence of a case mismanaged from the start. the crime scene was cleared and the area around the sideline was re-opened to the public the day after the explosion. during the investigation, there were constants conflicting statements from police, military and the government. men are weigurs from china. thailand's military government says the attack was revenge for a crackdown on human
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trafficking. but there are many other theories, including domestic politics being to blame for the explosion. despite suspects being charged, unanswer did questions remain about the attack and why it happened. wayne hay, al jazeera, bangkok. >> secretary of state, john kerries said the recent wave of attacks must be condemned as terrorism after holding meetings with israel and the palestinian authority. he said the u.s. remains committed to achieving a two-state solution. the u.s. also recognizes israel's right to self defense. >> i express my complete complete condemnation for any act of terror that takes innocent lives and disrupts the day-to-day life of a nation.
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israel has every right in the world to defend itself. it has an obligation to defend itself it will and it is. >> the rye lens erupted in mid snept jerusalem's old city. since then, 89 palestinians, 19 israelis and one american have been killed in the unrest. finding homes for syrian refugees while there has been a defendant powerful backlash in the u.s., canada is moving forward to resettle some 25,000 people. the numberem burg trials 70 years later. to what extents have they influenced what's comes after the trials of german war criminals.
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welcome back to al jazeera america. coming up in this half hour, the vatican puts two invest gave journal oiftsz trial for publishing secret documents revealing agreed and corruption by members of the church's hierarchy. people are protesting on the
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streets of chicago tonight after authorities released video of a police officer shooting a black teenager to death last october. this footage is from a squad car dashcam. laquan mcdonald shot 16 times, at least twice in the back. this morning, officer jason van dyke was charged with first degree murder. three men are in police custody in minneapolis minneapolis following last night's shooting at a civil rights demonstration. dozens had been protesting the death of jamar clark, an unarmed black man who died after a confrontation with police earlier this month. hundreds took to the streets in a show of solidarity. a federal judge in new york has sentenced a pakistani man to a 40-year prison term for plotting to bomb a shopping center in england. 29-year-old nasir was vcon convicted for providing material support. it was part of a larger al-qaeda plan that would have included attacks in the u.s.
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his lawyer says he plans to appeal the sentencing. in europe, authorities in grease are enforcing a new border policy preventing a large group of group of asylum seekers from cross into macedonia. 1,000 people are stranded because balkan states are only accepting those fleeing war in iraq, syria andan afghanistaning. they are seek to go have their cases heard. canada may be forced to delay its plan to accept 25,000 refugees by the end of the year. d daniel lak has more from toronto. >> a picture of 2-year-old alan kurdy dead on a beach in turkey focused canada's recent election campaign on syrian refugees. the liberal government says it promised to welcome 25,000 will be kept but it will take longer. it involves the alleyway, all levels of government and community groups. >> yes, we want to bring them
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fast, but we also want to do it right. and i have heard canadiens across this country saying, yes. you have to do it right. if it takes a little bit longer to do it right. >> there have been several racist incidents involving the musz lim community, delaying arrivals means more time for execute checks as well as planning for transport and resettlement. once security checks are done, government sponsored ref unl ease will need temporary housing, and that means military barracks, disused public buildings and mostly independent hospitals like this will be safe homes from people from syria for several months at least. >> canada has a long tradition of ang-septembering refugees and helping them start new lives. support agencies say they will need extra funding, but they are ready for the influx. >> i think what is good for us
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in canada is that we have a sophisticated service sector. we will need to build capacity, need to ensure that we have enough arabic speakers, kurdish speakers and some of the other minority languages but we are feeling as if we are ready. >> at toronto's cafe beruti 12 syrians are working behind the counter and in the kitchen. the owner came from lebanon and says he knows what it's like to flee a homeland and leave everything behind. >> i like to help them. nobody helped me when i came to canada. i like to help them start new life. >> in the beginning, it's very hard, but now, we are happy that we are here safely. we start to work. my daughters go to school. so, i hope that everybody can come here, have this chance. >> syrians began arrive okay chartered aircraft next month under a stem unique to canada, 40% of them will be sponsored by individual and community groups,
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the rest by government. this country is about to receive one of its biggest refugee intakes ever. >> liberia has asked the centers for disease control after a grooernld boy died of ebola monday. the child tested positive last week, almost three months after the country was declared ebola-free. his father and brother are being treated. 153 people who had contact with the teenagers and 25 healthcare workers are being monitored. one of the defining events in human hichtd began 70 years this week, two dozen major nazis were brought before a tribunal to account for their actions during world war ii. the numberemburg trials set a standard still used today for judging crimes during a time of war. roxana sebery has tonight's "in contact" segment. >> this is numberem burg before the war. >> before hosting the birth of
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international war crime trials, the military power and strength. marching past hitle and his loyal deputies. six months after the end of world war ii, the city lay in ruins. the stadium that showcased the third reich's might went empty. with hitler committing suicide just before the war ended, the furor's inner circle was left to the answer for unspeakable crimes. on november 20th, 1945, in what was called the greatest trial in history, 24 top members of the nazi party entered the courtroom in nuremburg, gsoering, and founder of the gestapo. waiting for him, a military tribunal to be presided by the united states, great britain, france and russia. >> at nurembourg, the hitler gang has gone on trial.
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>> robert jackson, knowing the world would be watching let little doubt about the trial's significance. >> the wrongs which we seek to condemn and punish have been so calculated, so malignant and so devastating that civilization cannot tolerate their being ignored. >> the international tribunal, including sentences of death should they be found guilty of charges including the waging of aggressive war crimes against hu humanity later called genocide for ethnic cleansing. jackson and his colleagues were tasked with ensuring the trial would be fair and not used as a vehicle for ven answer but justice be served over nazi attacks. those in the so-called prisoner's doc claim it was a sham, when the accused were not allowed to use allied bombings as a defense. >> goering's defense was an
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attack, what the occupying powers are doing in germany now, he said was worse than the mild deeds of germany and rope. >> the trial lasted almost a year. no time, prosecutors showed a paper trail that led back to the accused. most of among the evidence collected by the allics, documents showing goeri in. g authorized the final solution over the jewish question. in the accompanying picture, prosecutors played films showing a nazi concentration camps and the atrocteas committed there. the slave labor and extermination of millions of juice. >> concentration camps was one of the things you found immediately necessary upon coming to power, is it not? >> yeah. >> now, all of the defendants know their fate. goering, to be hanged. hess, life imprisonment.
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>> all but 3 of the accused n i nazis were found guilty. the trial would be followed by others through april 1949. the trials hoped to be a deterrent for world leaders to ever committee war crimes again. instead, it served as a model for the others that followed including wars in the former yugoslavia and rwanda. to look tu trials and the their relevance today, we are joined by jonathan bush, a lecturer at law at columbia university who focuses on the numberem bourg trials. great to have you with us. the trials set an important precedent because some were advocating for summary executions and vengeance against these war criminals, instead, due process was served. >> that's right. i think that the trials were important because they show -- they showed the germans restraint. we didn't do a versailles. solution, the one we wanted after world war i of ven answer.
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we said we will fine the worsts of the worst, punish them fairly and establish a record, a written record that will be available for later generations and germans then. >> many hoped that the trials would be a deterrent for war crimes in the future to stop genocide in the future. on that level, they've failed pretty spectacularly, you would have to say because you still is had stalin, years of stalin and the horrors of mao, cambodia. you can go on and on. >> the easy answer is we have criminal laws at home and we have krimdz. det-terrence is a complicated process. i don't know if it works. i don't know if it ever works. the same is said of the u.n. they came out of the same impulse in the summer of 1945. we will punish the previous ones and we will deter the future ones with a powerful security council and the criticism is there of both. >> it also has failed to be a dettefrnt for wars of
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aggression. >> absolutely. >> another thing they hopped to do? >> absolutely. >> is the failure mostly attributable or at least partially attributable to the fact that there have really been very few international criminal prosecutions for war crimes since? >> well, clearly, there was a process, you know. you might think of it as rip van winkel, the international criminal law went to sleep for a long time after the last of the world war 2 trials and woke up in the early 1990s with the end of the cold war and trotsky is on europe's doorstep. would more prosecutions have helped? i don't know. germany belatedly after the ikeman trial started being more serious and had lots of trials on its own under german law, did that send a message to people elsewhere to bad rulers and torturers elsewhere? no. shooufrl not. >> it can't help that the u.s. hasn't ratified the treaty creating the international
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criminal court no have other current trees, china, indonesia. if you don't have those big countries on board, how can there be a true successor to the nuremberg philosophy? >> that's right. the new courts, both temporary and permanent icc, international criminal court, aim for that but with big players not in and with their own record subject to criticism, the trials have taken wildly too long. they haven't yielded memorable judgments or strong personalities. they seem focused on africa. it may be another international institution that will be seen in hindsight to have not been a defendant success. >> most of the cases are focused on africa. there were the trials for yugoslavia which convicted major war criminals there but in
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general, there haven't been that many. documented the principalses could be applied if it comes to that against isil? >> absolutely. somewhere, there is a quote. i am going to detit wrong. i think it says raw is the tribute that hypocracy pays to virtue. something like that. forgive me but everybody condemns genocide that's crimes, mass atrocities have been stig m matized in principle. whether that's a harm house towards their some day being rarer, i don't know. clearly isil violated every rule in the book and ripped up the book. will there be trials? them be gone by this then. >> to the tribunal get established? >> and try buenalds require victory in war or can they be
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done by a lawfully process in the 90s. >> jonathan bush, good to have you with us. thank you. ? >> thank you. >> the vatican is putting 5 people on trial after accusing them of leaking and publishing secret documents that revealed church mismanagement. the defendants are two generalists who cited the documents in books along with three members of the papal commission set up by phone francis to look into the vatican's financial dealings. they could be jailed up to 8 years. charlie angela has more. >> arriving to face a papal tribunal, investigative journalists accused of publishing inaccurate vatican documents, documents that revealed agreed, corruption and financial mismanagement at the heart of the catholic church. >> there is an interest to divert the attention away from the embarrassing details, details that could be found in a book of a privileged class which wants to hold on to its own interests andy affairs.
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>> those details include the use of charitable donations for f n furnishing lavishly. the vatican says the information should never have left the walls of the city state. journalists say they were doing their jobs. the trial is an attack on press freedom. for an instittuesday that has been slow to prosecute child abusers within its own ranks, this trial has moved swiftly but strangely. the accused and their lawyers have yet to see details of the charges against them. as the tribunal decides the leak harmed the vatican's fundamental interest, they could face eight years in prison. >> there are logistical issues. italian citizens, the holy seay would have to ex trad ite them. >> this is a step in violation,
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what we believe, in the west to be a violation of press freedoms, press privileges. >> the vatican has declared december the beginning of a holy year of mercy. with this trial, it risks looking rather unmersful when its own dirty laundry is aired in public. charlie angela, al jazeera. >> francis is traveling to kenya, uganda and the central african republic. we will look at the church's image in africa and the challenges it faces. facial recognition software isn't new but is it up to the job of screening people coming through the nation's airports? also, we will talk to the creator of terror view, a new smart phone app that offers users information on the threat of attacks around the world. in our next hour, a mainly milestone in the new space race. a company has successfully launched and landed a reusable rocket. that's coming up at 11 eastern, 8 pacific.
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scomplrning. >> somali pirates hijacked an iranian fishing vessel. pirate attacks have largely subsided over the past three years. this is the fourth reported attack this we. the other three were
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unsuccessful. two other iranianships were attacked by pirates in march. one is still in pirate hands. our global view segment, a look at how viewers are reacting. russia's mosque co komsolets argues turkib president erduan is trying to leverage nato. and says putin must work a tightrope to respond without starting world war 3. the economist rights. continue frontation waiting to happen. it saystie's frustration with the russian intervention has been smoldering for months and all it needed was a spark. it writes nato ministers will be hardpressed to deescalate the situation. britain's guardian writes the downing of the russian war plane has exposed the fragile reality geptsz isil in syria. it says the incidents highlights
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the irreconcilable differences between the nato alleys and russia over assad. following paris attacks two weeks ago, homeland security says it is working around the clock to make sure there is no attack on u.s. soil. a key component of new screening techniques could involve biometric scans. >> the technology allows officials to spot specific faces in a crowd offer at border crosses al jazeera's lisa moran gives us a closer look at what exactly the technology is capable of the use of facial recognition, iris and fingerprint scanning is being studied for wide spread application including the vetting of refugees. technofirst reported on this technology last year, dr. shini samara tested it out. >> you have had a issue with your face being out there you were count okay people recognizing it, not a computer. >> what is facial recognition?
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>> the idea that a computer can find the face and try to determine who that face is by searching a database. >> so is there a basic kind of concept of how it matches one face to this other? >> mathematical algorithims. it starts with finding a face in a digital image and determining features of the face like your eyes. once it finds all of those features of the face, it builds a template instead of numbers that represents a number of qualities of the face including geometry, distances and color or i willume nation. it's the template that's created that's used to do the search. >> along with other forms of bio metric identification like iris scanning, facial recognition technology was widely used by the u.s. military in iraq and afghanist afghanistan. this technology is currently being used to verify the identities of syrian refugees.
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in safe zones, united states refugee workers are using provide files with by 0 metric information. right now, if that refugee is applying for asylum in the u.s., several federal agencies including the state department, department of homeland security, defendants department and f.b.i. will take the bio metrics and with by graphical information vet the refugees against known terror lists. it is being tested for airport security. last spring, at washington dulles international airport, dhs and customs ran a field test, collecting biometric data from real passengers. it lasted three months and was designed to test the screening system's ability to detect immigration violations. >> al jazeera's lisa moran reporting. up to the minute tear results. a new mobile app trying to give you just that, created by a former cia operative uses a team
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of security experts to provide users with realtime information about terror threats. the app is supposed to make people feel safer. there are fears it could cause paranoia instead. the former cia covert intelligence officer, great to have you with us. why did you decide to crate this? why did you think it was important? >> i think for my entire career, i started off as an army ranger and ended being in the cia and as an add visor to senior members of congress. i saw throughout that progress in my national execute career that people didn't have real good information and information which we really need as the public to make solid decisions. >> talking about information, your app has a lot of it. i spend most of my waking hours following the news, and i got the app today. i was navigating through it. one of the things you've got is a world map.
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it shows different places where there are -- where there is information about possible terrorism. the amount of information that people can find by navigating across the world is astonishing. >> it is, and this is paired down. so what we have done is set up a -- it is pared down. we are searching through over 100,000 sources of information and then we have highly trained former intelligence officers who are going through it. so everything that you see has been processed not only by technology but by tried and true intelligence officers to give people information they need. >> how much information is there on there that is not publiaccessible? >> all of it is publiaccessible. so, it's knowing where to find that information which is, i think, what terror view and what we do, which is beyond what anybody else has done. >> so you are finding things that just aren't getting out there and should be out there more publi? >> absolutely because what we have also learned is that we
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don't have to jeopardize national security in order to inform the public and to give the public the information that they need in order to make sound decisions to be safe and to be secure. >> ideally you would have an app that could warn you of impending danger, the paris attacks but there is not much that can be done obviously if intelligence agencies are getting surprised, themselves. >> there are two aspects, i think, with intelligence and one is the human intelligence or hument. that's not what we are doing. what we are doing is the technical collection and trying to really 2k3wigive people -- wr all the time, chatter. wh what does chatter mean? you can use terror view and figure that out. figure out: is the threat really a threat? are authorities being overly cautions? why is this, you know, a
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situation different or maybe it's not. we can give people relations and analysis they can't get anywhere else. >> are you worried wputting so much out there could worry people needlessly? >> no. i think it's going to do the direct opposite. i think by people understanding what the threat is, seeing the threat, especially if we are dealing with trailer, the app does 3 things, terror, cyber and by logical threats. for terrorism in particular, i think people are going to really be able to see that a lot of the threats and a lot of the talk is sort of off base. >> as someone who is immersed and has been for a long time, what worries you the most? >> what really worries me the most, especially from a u.s.-cent trick perspective is the biological threat. i think the biological threat is something we really don't talk about in the united states because isis has sort of dominated the discussion. but we really, the disease and
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the spread of disease is something that i think people will find very interesting in following terror view. >> joshua katz, the founder of terror view the app thank you for joining us. >> thank you. >> volkswagon is being investigated for tax evasion. saying it's connected to cheating on emissions tests. officials say they are focusing on five unnamed employees. volkswagon stilts it will cost about $23,000,000,000 to reimburse european governments that granted tax breaks for clean cars. that's on top of $7,000,000,000 the company has set aside to address the scandal. the philippines is considering auctioning off millions of dollars worth of jewelry seized from imelda marcos. they began appraising the value. one diemonted from the collection, a rare 25 carat pink diamond could be worth $5 million. officials claimed the jewels
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when marcos fled to the u.s. after her husband was overthrown. that's it for this international newshour. i am "al jazeera america." i will be back with more news in two minutes.
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good evening. this is al jazeera america. diffusing tension between the west and russia. the diplomat i can manoeuvring underway after turkey shoots down a russian fighter jet and the impact it could have on the war against isil. taking to the streets, the outrage in chicago tonight after dashcam video shows a police officer shooting a black teenager 16 times an the murder charge that officer now phase joining forces to defeat isil.

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