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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 25, 2015 8:00pm-9:01pm EST

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rob mcbride, al jazeera, eastern china. that is all of our time for this news hour. thanks for watching. i'm tony harris in new york. if you'd like the latest on any stories from this news hour, head over to the website, happy thanksgiving, everyone. randall pinkston is back with today's news right now. thanks, tony. we begin with a new flare-up between turkey and russia. turkey is blaming russia for an air strike that hit one of its aid convoys today in the syrian border town of azaaz. seven people were killed and ten wounded. moscow is not commenting. a u.s. defense official confirms the convoy was struck and says the u.s.-led coalition has not carried out any air strikes near that area over the past day. this follows yesterday's downing of a russian war plane by turkey. the turkish military says it warned the russians repeatedly and released an audio recording today.
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>> the russian plane's navigator says there was no contact from turkey and denies ever entering turkish air space. russia called the attack a planned provocation. we have more pr moscow. >> reporter: murderers they chanted. many russians are angry with turkey and protests have occurred in a few cities in the past hours. this was the turkish embassy in moscow, eggs were thrown and a few arrests made. >> translator: this is the embassy of murderers in my opinion. of people who instead of being honest and trusted partners showed their beastly grin. >> reporter: tuesday's incidents killed a russian pilot, shot to death by turkman rebels spare chuting from his burns plane. a marine involved in the rescue operation died and a helicopter was destroyed.
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the navigator had a lucky escape. >> translator: he was safe. the pilot navigator. i believe he's already at our base, and he's like all the other involved in the operation including the rescue operation will receive state awards. the ministry of defense has already come up with this proposal, and the plane commander will be awarded the star of the hero of the russian federation post-humously. >> the navigator appeared on tv to give his account. >> this was no contact whatsoever, so we started the combat course as usual. keep in mind the speed of the bomber and of an f-16 fighter jet. >> this says tush key was the pilot's final warning.
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>> reporter: another ministry of defense proposal is sent into action sending sophisticated s-400 defense missile system to syria. russia wants to show it has the ability to blow turkey's planes out of the sky, too. the kremlin has a tricky task here. it says they have to be serious consequences for what slad mere putin called a treacherous stab in the back. turkey is a nato member, and that's reason to tread carefully. sergey lavrov says russian doesn't intend to go to war to turkey. the attitudes of the russian people haven't changed. they have questions about the action of the leadership. in instan bull the president defended what they had done. >> translator: nobody should expect us to remain silent whether our border security is constantly breached. our legal rights and our right of independence are undermined.
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we have no intention of escalating this incident. we are only defending our own security and the rights of our brothers. >> reporter: turkey wants rus a russia's air attack on turkmen rebels to stop. it insists isil is not operating in that part of northern syria, and that russia knows this. rory chalens, al jazeera, moscow. douglas is al jazeera's national security contributor. he's a senior fellow at the new america and served as a director for iraq for the national security council in the b obama and bush administrations. thank you for joining us this evening. turk ish officials continue to defend the fact they shot down that russian war plane. setting aside whether they had the right to do it, do you think it was a smart thing to do? >> well, certainly it has raised tensions in the area. turkey and russia have a lot of
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interests in common. they have a deeply mixed history. they've cooperated at some points. they've fought wars against each other at others, but lately they've had a lot of cooperation particularly on energy issues. turkey needs energy, and russia needs to sell it. that's been a marriage that's worked pretty well. >> i'm sorry. doug, i'm sorry to interrupt. before we get to the relationship between the two countries, i want to know as an analyst do you think it was a use of good judgment on turkey's part to shoot down a russian war plane? >> again, given that they have all these other equities with russia, probably not the smartest thing to do. >> okay. now, then to what you were just talking about, the nature of the relationship between the two countries. historically have they been more friends, enemies or frenemies? >> it's gone back and forth. as i said, they fought wars
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against each other in the distant past. during the second world war turkey was a neutral, which made the russians very unhappy in the war against nazi germany. then turkey joined nato during a time when tensions between the west and russia were at a high point, obviously. so there's a storied history. again, lately the relationship between russia and turkey had been pretty good. their disagreements over what is to be done in syria is bringing this to the fore, though. >> speaking of syria, of course, before the airplane was shot down, there was some expectation that perhaps russia would join with the u.s.-led coalition in targeting isil and not targeting those who were trying to protect assad, which is what russia seems to be more inclined to do. where do you think the state of play is now with respect to russia joining the u.s.-led coalition and going after isil? >> well, certainly joining the u.s.-led coalition isn't in the
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cards. i don't think that's what we were trying to do or what the french more accurately were trying to do. what president hollande is trying to engineer is bringing all the groups together to work more or less equivalently. i don't think anyone thought the russians were going to join the american-led coalition. if we can get everyone working together, that would change things. at the end of the day, it appears that the gap between those who want the assad regime overthrown immediately, the gulf states and tur keturkey, and th that want to deal with isil first and deal with the assad regime later, the french, the russians, the iranians and kind of sort of the united states may be too large to bridge. >> and the fighting continues. thank you, doug. tens of millions of americans are on the move this holiday weekend in the wake of the paris attacks president obama is trying to reassure them that the government is doing everything it can to keep them safe. >> we continue to do everything
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possible to prevent attacks at home and abroad and to prevent foreign terrorist fighters from entering the united states or other nations. since 9/11 we've taken extraordinary measures to strengthen our homeland security in everything from aviation security to border security to information sharing. >> after appearing with the president at the white house, homeland security secretary jeh johnson boarded a train at union station in washington, d.c. his obvious message to americans, do not change your travel plans because of the recent threats from isil. the paris attackers took aim at so-called soft targets, a concert hall, a stadium, restaurants. al jazeera's jamie mcintyre looks at the vulnerability of those kind of sites in america and what's being done to protect them. >> reporter: soft targets are everywhere. drive anywhere down the streets of washington, such as here on pennsylvania avenue, america's main street, and you see places are hundreds of people gather
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and there's no security and not only is there any security it's not practical to have security. there's still many places in washington behind barriers with guards and gates. this is about as close as you get to the white house, which is one block over there. but still, people gather outside and gather around the front gate and sometimes even jump over the fence. we're in washington's 14th street bridge, and reagan national airport is right over there. it's hard to get onto a plane with a weapon, but not so hard to get into the terminal. really, that's the problem. i work in one of the most secure buildings in washington, the pentagon. but even the most hardened targets have a soft spot, and for the pentagon it's here in the parking lot. i have to go through two checkpoints to get into the building, which is like a fortress, but anyone can drive in here and tens of thousands of people park here every day. there's no unauthorized photography allowed at the pentagon, so as not to give anyone any ideas. in fact, anytime we do a story
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about how vulnerable various venues might be to attack, you worry you might give someone an idea, even though you don't need to be a best-selling author of suspense thrillers to imagine some worst-case scenarios. as we head into the holidays, our top officials insist there's no specific, credible threat of a paris-like attack here and say we should keep calm and carry on. >> americans should go about their usual thanksgiving weekend activities, spending time with family and friends and celebrating our blessings. while the threat of terrorism is a troubling reality of our age, we are both equipped to prevent attacks and we are resilient in the face of those who would try to do us harm. >> reporter: then we also see this. heavily armed new york police conducting an exercise to see how fast they can respond to a terror attack on the city subway. it's not all that reassuring to know there will be a robust response after attackers have
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struck. it's easy to say don't panic, don't let the terrorists win by scaring us into changing our plans or succumbing to fear, but how rational is that fear? in some ways the ods of being caught up in a random attack are about the same as winning the mega millions jackpot. this is certainly not a winning ticket. the odds are close to zero. i shouldn't worry about how i spend my money. on the other hand, i know somewhere someone will eventually win lottery, so while the rational side of my brain knows that that risk is negligible, the emotional side says what if my number comes up? >> jamie mcintyre reporting from washington. security was one of the issues discussed at an emergency refugee summit in crow wait ya today. vice president biden is meeting with the heads of the states. the balkan states only accept
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people escaping conflict, not so-called economic migrants. slovenia is building a fence along the border to stem the flow. human error led to the bombing of a doctors without borders hospital in afghanistan. 30 people were killed in the october strike. jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> reporter: eyewitnesses say it was a terrifying attack. in the early morning hours of october 3rd, a u.s. plane rained bombs and bullets on the doctors without borders hospital in kunduz. patients burned to death in their heads and staff were decapitated and at least three children were among the 30 killed in the attack. the commander of u.s. forces says a u.s. investigation shows it was a tragic but avoidable mistake. >> the report determined that u.s. strike upon the the mfs trauma center in kunduz city, afghanistan was the direct result of human error compounded by systems and procedural failures. the u.s. forces directly involved in this incident did
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not know the target compound was the msf trauma center. >> reporter: doctors without borders gave the u.s. and nato forces exact coordinates of the hospital three days before the strike. campbell said the mistake happened because the attacking aircraft was diverted from another mission, the on-board electronics malfunctioned and the plane veered off course and they verified the building without verifying it was a military target. they thought it was another building a few hundred yards away. making the distinction between protected and enemy targets and ensuring that an attack is proportional are basic tenets of the laws of war which every member learns from basic training and are enforced throughout their military career. u.s. officials wouldn't say why these basic tenets were followed, but they said some did not follow the rules of engagement. >> those individuals most closely associated with the incident have been suspended from their duties pending
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consideration and disposition of administrative and disciplinary matters. >> reporter: doctors without borders asked for an international independent investigation. that requires the consent of the united states and afghanistan, who believe military investigations are sufficient. u.s. commanders said they would like to help rebuild the hospital, but doctors without borders does not accept donations from governments, and they say they don't want to rebuild until they know this kind of attack won't happen again. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. earlier i spoke with michael ohanlon, co-director for the 21st century for security and intelligence at the brookings institute in washington. i asked him if he was surprised about the u.s. conclusion by the hospital air strike. >> i'm not surprised by the forthrightness of general john campbell. he's a remarkable soldier and decent man and taken a lot of pride over the years. i've known him for a long time. i know it's a big part of what
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motivate the him in this mission, and to think that american firepower led to the deaths of innocent people including health care workers i'm sure has caused him pain and stress all fall. >> president obama continues to commit the u.s. to a presence in afghanistan, and this is after he had promised to bring all the troops home. obviously, recognition on his part that troops need to stay here. here's a question. should america think about ramping up its presence on the ground in afghanistan to push the taliban back as it sometimes seems to be able to overtake key afghan cities notwithstanding the efforts of the afghan national army? >> yeah, i think that's an excellent question. it probably is one that we should ask and that i would expect the next american president will ask. but not until there's a new president, because as i think your question reminded us and we know, president obama really wanted to end this war on his watch or end the american role anyway. and he's had to conclude
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reluctantly this past fall that he will not be able to do so. he still wants to downsize somewhat below the 10,000 u.s. troops we're at now down to maybe around 5500 to 6,000. it's not clear that's a good idea, and even if he does that, perhaps his successor would reverse that or, as you asked in your question, go even a little bit higher. >> based on your research and knowledge of the region, does it appear to you that the taliban is getting stronger or holding steady, or indeed is the afghan army and the u.s. military assistance diminishing their ability to retake the countryside? >> that's another excellent question. i don't think that we could claim at this juncture that we have reduced their capacity. you know, even with 150 -- 140,000 nato troops there a couple of years ago, we weren't really reducing taliban capacity. we were reclaiming some key
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areas like kandahar with the help, obviously, the afghan forces. we were not really measurably weakening the taliban, at least in the sanctuary over the border in pakistan and some of the rural areas of the country. then with the drawdown of more than 100,000 nato troops over the last couple of years, the afghan army and police have understandably struggled to retain and hold all the territory that they were in control of previously. so i think if anything you'd have to say that there's been an increase in the influence and the territorial control of taliban over the last one to two years. >> michael at the brookings institute, thank you for your insight. >> thank you, kindly. president obama signed a $600 billion defense spending measure, that despite provisions in the bill that make it more difficult for the president to close the military prison at guantanamo bay, cuba. in a statement president obama said it is imperative that the facility be closed.
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the white house has promised to try to do so before mr. obama leaves office. coming up, anger and accountability. more protests in chicago after video is released showing a white police officer killing a black teenager. history and hate. the battle at princeton university over woodrow wilson's legacy. >> we're tackling this, but it's about a lot more. >> should his name be removed because of his racist views? plus, giving thanks. we go to the one food bank. >> we expect the people that are able to reach us to take that product and share it with their neighbors or churches or families, everybody. >> feeding families around the country.
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i just had a horrible nightmare. my company's entire network went down, and i was home in bed, unaware. but that would never happen. comcast business monitors my company's network 24 hours a day and calls and e-mails me if something, like this scary storm, takes it offline. so i can rest easy. what. you don't have a desk bed? don't be left in the dark. get proactive alerts 24/7. comcast business. built for business. you're watching live pictures in chicago where there are more protests tonight
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following yesterday's release of a video showing an african-american teenager laquan mcdonald shot to death. the officer has been charged with murder, but serious questions remain. this is a fairly small and peaceful protest at this point. a major demonstration is planned later to disrupt local businesses on black friday. andy rosein is in chicago tonight. what is the primary aim? go ahead, andy. >> reporter: randall, actually the protesters and the rain has showed up here at the chicago police department. you can see them -- it's not a huge group here of 50 or so yelling and screaming and protesting. you know, they're planning another big pros test this coming friday, black friday, the busiest shopping day of the year on chicago's magnificent mile. the main shopping corridor in chicago. their target is the money of chicago.
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after a night of tense, angry protests, the dmron stragss wrapped up again wednesday afternoon in downtown chicago. there was a more sub dued gathering inside city hall on wednesday right outside the mayor's office. the anger was still very clear. >> every time there's a killing and we talk about hundreds of killings where the police have killed children, children in most cases, there's been cover-up. the only reason why this one wasn't covered up is because there was a dash cam. >> reporter: in group is promising to march on chicago's magnificent mile on black friday in the midst of thousands of shoppers. >> we're down with whoever is saying that the magnificent mile must be shut down on black friday. >> shut it down. >> the black stel councilmembers called the black caucus weighed in as well on the need for immediate changes in the police department. >> a clear, transparent process
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is the only way we can begin to build trust in our communities with law enforcement. as sad as it is, he is spshlly for people of color, we know that there is more than one laquan mcdonald. >> reporter: there seems to be a split developing in the protest movement. for years chicago city administration has reached out to black religious leaders in an effort to improve the dialogue with the black community. many are often seen standing behind the mayor at official events, as was the case tuesday the at announcement about the release of laquan mcdonald video. there's a new wave of young activists, the millenials who reject the leaders as being too cozy with the administration and far more building to turn up the heat. >> we made a decision to not be with the mayor. most of us were invited for a sit-down with him. at this point there's nothing to talk about. >> reporter: the independent journalist who on his own pushed to have the video made public
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said the release trigger a new wave of mistrust of the police in previous cases considered closed. >> in the past 72 hours, three or four families contacted me about their own family members being the victims of police violence. so i'm going to look into all of them. >> the city's police superintendent is insisting that the department's policing, including when officers can shoot and when they can't, has improved and that police involved shootings are down. the main prosecutor insists the reason it took over a area to charge the officer is because she wanted to have the case prosecuted in the right way. but that's not nearly good enough for the demonstrators. >> then the chicago board of trade, magnificent mile, everything that they hold near and dear to them will be addressed. >> reporter: and back out here live at the chicago police headquarters, you can see protesters are still gathered here and shouting at -- through
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a bull horn at police headquarters. we can tell you as well that president obama weighed in all of this on a facebook post today. he talked about how he felt deeply disturbed by the video of laquan mcdonald. also, though, he said that all americans should be thankful for the work that the overwhelming number of men and women in uniform do. he also said he was grateful for the hometown of chicago for keeping the protests peaceful up to this point. randall. >> thank you, andy. a funeral was held today in minneapolis for 24-year-old jamar clark. there have been protests in that city since clark was killed by police earlier this month. late monday night five black lives matter protesters were shot and injured during a demonstration. police say four men are in custody, but they haven't been charged yet in connection with the shootings. melissa khan is in minneapolis.
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melissa. >> reporter: randall, it's very confusing. fifrs police had one suspect in custody and then two. then they had to let one go. then one turned himself in. in the end we have four men in custody as you mentioned, no charges. that has partially explained why people here outside the fourth precinct police station have been so nervous because of the incident from two nights ago in there were shooting and people were injured. organizers say at the request of the family, because it is the funeral day, that they decided not to hold any major rallies. there were no protests on wednesday morning in minneapolis. instead people gathered for the funeral for jamar clark, shot and killed just a little over a week ago. a few blocks away the encampment outside the fourth precinct police station was busy but calm. black lives matter activists came out to protest just hours after the shooting and never left. >> it's very real. this is a very real, spiritual
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warfare that we are combating with peace and love. how do you do that? you provide understanding where there's not understanding. >> i love to see the community taking up for its own community. it's all races here. that's a good thing. it's not just black oriented. it's every race, and that's lovely. >> king is camped out here, and her son was one of those injured monday night after several men shot at the crowd. >> he's recovering fine and doing good. he's going to pull through. it ain't like he's dying. he's not. i need everybody's prayers across the world to pray for my son. >> reporter: four men are held in connection with that attack. you have fires going, tents set up, and also food and bottled water and lots of supplies. activists say they won't end their occupation until all the demands are met. >> we demand that those videos be released to the public. the second demand is that we want the criminal charges to be
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brought right out of the complaint direct prosecution, no grand jury. black people do not get justice from grand juries. >> reporter: authorities continue to refuse requests to release the videos of the jamar clark shooting. the family expressed their gratitude to protesters. >> not only jamar clark but justice for the community. >> justice for jamar! >> after the funeral, the procession drove by the encampment. protesters have said they will continue their occupation right through thanksgiving. in fact, they made planning to have the holiday meal right where they are and say that even with colder weather, they won't leave until they see justice. >> well, randall, just because there's no rallies today doesn't mean it's quiet. there's a lot of activity at the fourth precinct police station. the occupy movement continues here. we've been here for many hours starting about lunchtime local time, and so many people have stopped by and dropped off
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supplies, water, food. there's been hot food here all day for people. and of course the fires going on because it's very cold here in minneapolis. randall. >> melissa, what can you tell us just to remind us of the circumstances involving jamar's death? what's happened to the police officer? >> reporter: well, it's very interesting right now. it's not really certain. one of the things that a lot of people here want is the release of the videotapes. that is a demand precisely because we don't know what happened. we know that there was no dash cam, and no body cam was on the police officers. there could be some cell phone videos from witnesses and also we do understand that there was video on the ambulance. but the ambulance was there in order to take care of a victim, someone who had been injured, and according to police they say that jamar clark was impeding their ability to for the paramedics to help this particular person, randall.
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>> thank you, melissa khan, from minneapolis. >> up next, princeton and their troubles legacy of woodrow wilson. why some now say he is not worthy of being honored on campus. plus, modern day cattle rustling. why the abuse, and we'll meet one man trying to put a stop to it.
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hello. this is al jazeera america. john seigenthaler is off. campus controversy, removing racist historical figures from positions of honor. >> we're tackling this huge name of woodrow wilson, but it's about a lot more. >> the new debate over america's past and future. >> cattle stealing is making a comeback in the american west. >> you can't sling a dead cat without hitting someone. >> i'll report on money, meth and modern day rustlers. plus, in plain sight. a new photo exhibit shedding light on hunger in new york
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city. debates over race are playing out on a college camp in the u.s. and they wanted name of woodrow wilson removed from campus buildings. historians agree he was racist. some of his policies rolled back hard-won gains by african-americans. other students say wilson's achievements are too important to ignore. they say removing his name is the first step down a slippery slope. princeton university is reviewing the long-held naming policies after students led by the school's black justice league occupied the office of school president for three days last week. >> at this moment we are choosing to remain at the hall until all three of our commands are met in full. >> near the top of their list of demands, that the name woodrow
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wilson be removed from princeton's famed school of public affairs and from a campus residential complex. wilson was princeton's president for nearly a decade before becoming president of the united states, but wilson was also an avowed segregationist who openly praised the ku klux klan. while he was in charge of the school during the first decade of the 20th century, no black students were granted admission to princeton and later in the white house historians say wilson systemically removed african-american officials from the federal government after negotiations with the student protesters, princeton's president released a stam about wilson saying while much of his record had a positive impact on the shaping of modern princeton, his record on race is disturbing. assist a university we have to be open to thoughtful re-examination of our own history. >> the presence makes them feel
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unwelcomes. >> there have been instances where i question my presence here where i felt uncomfort in my black identity. it's about a lot more. >> this is at a time when other universities are reexamining the complicated legacies of people behind the names on their buildings. georgetown is taking the name of slave owners off two buildings and clemson is considering a similar move. next semester princeton officials say their board will listen to opinions of the entire princeton community before making a decision. let's bring in professor trisha rose. she's the director of the center for the study of race and ethnicity in america at brown university. also, an expert on hip-hop, which i love to talk to you about in another program. first to the matter at hand. what is your opinion of the focus of the students on removing the name of a historic figure in american history. >> it's important we pay close
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toning to who we celebrate and the silent way that a whole legacy of white supremacy has gently institutionalized without much challenge. i think they're doing a terrific job of raising the fundamental question of who are we? who do we celebrate and what do we celebrate them for? does a legacy of significant anti-black racism and hatred warrant a challenge to the celebration of some figures? i think this is a long overdue conversation at least. >> so you equate the fact that his name is on the building to celebration? >> well, certainly endow meant and value and status, right? you don't put names on buildings and give special awards and hold statues and memorial for, you know, despots, right? you hold them for figures in high he is team.
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this is the story. many who don't know the history of his virulence of his white supremacy may be shocked because there's a whitewashing and use of effects through constant use of the name, giving awards, and there is, in fact, an element of celebration in the fact of honor and honoring his name and legacy. >> okay. so you know where we're going to go next with this. there are many former american presidents who had questionable histories with respect to race at best. slave owners, for example. should we review the use of their names? let's start with jefferson. >> well, yes. i mean, i think we should begin -- if we're going to be serious about some future form of multi-racial healing and a collaborative society we have to get our hands dirty with the truth of the history, and the truth of a serious legacy of not just personal hatred but
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institutionalized violence and colonization as a significant part of a legacy that includes tremendous gains in democracy and freedom and opportunity. we can't paper over the ongoing, unabated suffering of people of color as a significant part of this legacy. there's not two separate things. they work hand in hand. we have avoided and repressed and demanded that people of color celebrate their own oppression and their own colonization for centuries. so if we're really going to get past that, it seems to me we have to expose it, talk about it, really have a kind of truth and reconciliation model approach and then decide where to to go on the other end. i think people will be quite reasonable, you know, after that conversation has significantly taken place. >> the president of principle ton agreed to review all matters of race, including the use of woodrow wilson's name. here's the bottom line question. would you be in favor of remo removing his name from that
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prestigious institution of public affairs? >> yeah, i don't see why not. i mean, there's no reason why over time historical institutions can transform themselves to meet the needs of their own agency and transformation. when the woodrow wilson school was founded in 1930, princeton was an all-white institution and most did not accept black students by any stretch. the only reason you have the numbers now is the civil rights movement and youth activism. why wouldn't these transformations of these institutions mean we would transform who it is we celebrate in them? it doesn't mean that we pretend they never played a role. everyone doesn't get a building named after them. it doesn't mean they weren't valuable, right? who do we celebrate? let's be as fair and thoughtful as possible, and why not consider seriously removing woodrow wilson's name? i don't understand why we wouldn't be serious about considering it. >> professor, thank you very much for your insight.
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professor trisha brown of brown university. >> my pleasure. tonight ali velshi has more on college students' demands making their voices heard. ally. >> they have to balance the need to create a learning environment where students are challenged and sometimes feel uncomfortable with the need to create a safe and nur turing environment. sometimes the students protests drown out others with opposed views. some call it political correctness run amuck. other say a history of perceived slights, microaggressions by white privileged alet is the thing doing really damage to society. that's on target tonight at 9:00 eastern. randall. >> thanks,ali. bell yun authorities are lifting the lockdown in brussels. police have carried out sever raids connected to the paris attacks. as we report from brussels, there's fear about what will
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happen once the lockdown is completely over. >> after four days on high alert, brussels is tentatively lifting some of the most destructive restrictions. most underground metro lines are working again. people are still anxious. >> of course we have to be careful because at any moment something can happen. danger is everywhere. >> below and above ground there's still a heavy military and police presence. the vehicles pulled over for random checks. 1,000 extra personnel have been called in to patrol brussels and other belgian cities. every few minutes a reminder that this is a country hunting for the remaining suspects in the paris attacks along with people that may be planning more. as well as the metro systems, schools and universities have re-opened also. the government has paid the highest security level, level number four which means that an attack is viewed as imminent. the government says it's not
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just playing it safe but acting on credible intelligence. bell up jum has issued an international arrest warrant for this man, mohammed abrini seen driving a car in the paris tacks. despite several raids and multiple arrests there's little known about abdeslam. they believe abdeslam may have been wearing an explosive vest. students arrive back on campus in where yous sells, and armed police stand guard. the main library remains closed. here students try to make sense of the chain of global events that suddenly without warning have had such a big impact on their ordinary lives. >> maybe in two weeks there will be no more cops and no more soldiers in the streets, but the feel of the threats will still
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be present. it's not just in the media. it's real. >> reporter: the government says the alert level will remain at the maximum for at least another week. the price of keeping europe safe, and many questions how long this can last. lee barker, al jazeera, brussels. up next, bruised and battered food. one woman's mission to feed the hungry with fruit and vegetables stores don't want.
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if the thought cattle rustling went the way of billy the kid and the american frontier, you would be wrong. it's helping meth users fund their addictions. we have more from oklahoma. >> if you're car is stolen in oklahoma, you call the police. >> if your cow gets stolen, you call this man.
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>> after two decades busting gang members in oklahoma city, flowers tracks outlaws on the plains. >> this is what we're doing today. we're going to meet with this rancher, and we're go to look and see where the cattle were stolen. >> while candle rustling sounds like an old-fashioned crime, experts say the low risk and big rewards make it easy for criminals to pull off. cattle rustlers hit doug barnes ranch earlier this year using his own corral to lead them onto a trailer. >> how many head? >> 20 calves and one cow. >> at $1,000 a head, the thieves drove away with nearly 20 grand worth of property. >> they're sitting on a feed lot and no telling where now it's so long. they've been sold half a dozen times since therm stolen. >> he's not the only one that's been hit. >> everybody out here is stirred up over this. >> we're glad you're out here
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driving around. >> drought pushed cattle prices through the roof, and the state's cattlemen's association estimates in oklahoma alone cattle rustling has cost the industry nearly $3 million in the last two years. >> it's about got to the point where you can't sling a dead cat and not hit somebody with stolen cattle. when you get up in this part of the country, that's more and more true. >> this old west crime has a new modern twist. >> i can tell you that probably better than 70% of the people that we arrest are associated somehow with the illegal use of narcotics. >> the only way to describe what the meth situation is in oklahoma is to call it an epidemic. >> mark woodward is with the oklahoma bureau of narcotics and dangerous drugs. >> they resort to impacting innocent people to get money, whether that's through identity theft, cattle rustling, stealing trailers, stealing copper off of construction sites, a power saw ouft of the back of a pickup
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truck. they will go to extraordinary lengths to feed their addiction. >> cattle rustling is surprisingly easy. all you need is a little bit of feed, and they'll follow you just about anywhere. load them in a trailer, and in 15 minutes you're gone. >> you're missing ten cows? >> yes. >> what kind cattle are they? >> red angus. >> john says rustlers hit his property as well, costs him $23 thoi thousand. >> that's where i seen the tracks, and i didn't realize they were missing until we gathered up the calves. this is the corral they loaded out of. >> did the vehicle tracks look like they came through the gate and circled around? >> they circled around and backed in on the east side. >> flowers believes the thefts are related. >> we don't vus judge stealing of cattle but a criminal conspiracy between all the individuals. >> cattle cops like flowers work 300 cases a year tracking about 3,000 stolen cows. in a good year they recover
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about half. but the cost goes beyond the ranch. >> it costs the farmer that lost them and the court for all the court proceedings and the state of oklahoma for my investigators to spend days and weeks during the investigations. who ultimately winds up having to pay that? your consumers. >> according to the usda the price of beef has almost doubled since 2009, which mean ranchers at oklahoma stand at the intersection of beef, meth and a man with a horseshoe mustache. >> we're going to do what we can, man. >> appreciate it. >> it's our pleasure, really. >> appreciate it. >> we like working hard for folks that work hard making a living. we'll be on them like a fat rat on a gravy. >> about 6 million pounds of produce goes to waste each year in the united states. many americans live in places without access to healthy, affordable foods.
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an operation near the u.s. border with mexico is trying to change that balance one tomato at a time. we have the report from nogales, arizona. >> reporter: pallets of produce delivered all day. 39 varieties of fruits and vegetables. but this is a rescue operation. what you see here are the rejects, not good enough for your supermarket shelves. >> it could be because the product has some damage. it could have some scars or have some rain damage, spotting, it could have maybe on the tomatoes on the vine maybe the stem is off. >> so these are mostly cosmetic problems? >> absolutely. >> inside this warehouse in nogales, arizona not far from the mexican border, a unique food bank gives this a second chance. >> we rescue 30 to 40 million pounds of produce a season, and there are still millions of pounds being dumped.
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>> each day more than 300 trucks cross this border carrying about $2.5 billion of fresh, mexican produce to the north american market each year. before it's distributed to supermarkets, it comes here for inspection. >> if they don't like what they find, 20% to 25% in one box, they can reject the whole pallet? >> they can reject it. they assume that 20% to 25% on that entire pallet is not good for them. >> then you have to donate that. >> we donate the whole pallet. >> you'd rather donate it than throw it away? >> yeah. it costs the company more to throw it away because they have to pay the dumping and all that stuff. >> it's better to donate? >> it's better to donate and help the community. >> that's where border land's food bank comes in. there are shopping carts but no cash registers. donations are encouraged but not required. clients often carry away crates of produce at every visit. >> you don't expect one family
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is going to be able to use 100, 200 pounds of product. we don't have public transportation in nogales. we expect the people able to reach us, to take that product and share it with their neighbors, their churches and family and everything. >> carlos ramirez is one of those people. on this day he waited more than an hour to cross the border from mexico where this produce was grown only to pick it up and drive it back to his neighbors on the other side. >> translator: we try to make the most of this merchandise to help more people not just for me, but if i cross the border, i try to get enough to help other people. >> most of the produce through here is perfectly good to eat. some of it may be not so pretty, maybe a little battered or bruised like this melon for the discerning consumer, but anything that can't be distributed by the food bank they true to ensure doesn't go to waste. local ranchers collects what it is set to distribute to use as feed for the livestock. inmates from the department of
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corrections provide the heavy lifting at the warehouse has part of a work program. borderland ships produce across the country. nonprofits in 18 states get truckloads of fruits and vegetables, shipments that would cost tens of thousands of dollars at grocery store prices. >> it's a win-win situation. this product would have been thrown out, so it's not that we're competing with any of the grocery stores. what we are doing is we're helping the vulnerable develop a taste for this great product. >> in her 20 years running bord borderland, she watched the need grow, she hopes to grow, too, saving more produce to feed even more people. al jazeera, nogales, arizona. millions of americans whim get their thanksgiving dinner from food banks. in tonight's first person report, we bring you a new photo exhibition in new york that puts a human face on the problem of hunger. >> i'm a documentary
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photographer. hidden in plain sight port traiting of hunger in new york city is a photographic exhibit that examines the lives of the people who stand in food lines around new york city. i think a lot of us are influenced by the images that we see of what hunger is. whether that's a food line or the dust bowl photographs or a child starving in a country that's far away, and i think all of those images are powerful and important and accurate. they allow us to distance ourselves. we need some new images. these are people that look very much like you and i. i worked on it for almost three years. as a new yorker i had no idea there was so many hundreds of thousands of people standing in food lines around the city in every borough and every place. it wasn't easy to find people willing to talk about it, and there's shame attached to standing in a food line. so most people didn't want to share their stories with me. these are real people when you talk about cuts, when you talk
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about paycheck-to-paycheck. they're not just slogans but people, and they're very close to you. it's important to give this subject a voice. it's important for people to be able to say, hey, i am doing my level best, and this is where i need to be to hold my family together. frequently it's mothers, but it's really the person who is responsible for holding the family together. it was a bitter cold winter in the winters i worked there, and the temperatures in the summer are extreme. people stand in those lines for up to three hours for a bag of groceries. you can't judge people on what they look like. they look just like you and me, and they are working at jobs that in my lifetime have been well-paid, have been middle class, and what i experienced was a blurring of the lines. you see people once middle class, and they are no longer. they are now the working poor. you see the studies, but when you're hanging out with people, you see that we're all vulnerable. >> hidden in plate sight port traits of hunger in new york city will on view at the brooklyn historical society for
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the next year. we'll be right back.
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tonight, the truth about presidential thanksgiving turkey pardons. as you see the history behind it is both long and short. it's become a tradition, both the pardon and bad punch line. >> time flies, even if turkeys don't. >> and like many things in washington, this routine began
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with a bid for some pr. that was the plan for rhode island poultry dealer. in the 1870s seeing it z a chance for free publicity, he sent his birds to the white house. the marketing ploy worked for all concerned. by the turn of the century, the turkeys were a frequent thanksgiving gift to the commander in chief, so much so that by 1925 the turkey was the national symbol of good cheer. they were presented to one president after another all received and apparently all eaten. it was president kennedy who first granted clemency to the bird saying we'll let this one grow. it's our thanksgiving present to him. >> mr. president, good to see you. >> as for the pardon, that word wasn't used until 1987 by president reagan. he brushed off questions about whether he would absolve aides accused in the iran contra scandal. when asked about what to do with the turkey, reagan quipped i'll
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pardon him. turkey sounds like more like a duck. well, we'll duck, too. that's our news for the hour. ducking out of here. randall pinkston. ali velshi "on target" next. i'm ali velshi, on target tonight, unconscious bias. a hidden view on race that could be yours whether you know it or not frment unrest on campus, what student activists want and how they plan to get it. here's one good reason to give thaks. students are doing exactly what college students in america should do. they're making their voices and opinions heard l


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