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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  November 28, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EST

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♪ syrian rebel groups join forces to turn the tide against government soldiers in the crucial aleppo province. ♪ hello i'm barbara and you are watching al jazeera live from london and coming up, on the program i wish it never happened turkey president expresses sadness over the downing of a russian fighter jet. the united states national security agency prepares to stop mass surveilling so what now? and the experts who say that they are all but certain they finally found the egyptian resting place of tutankhamun's
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stepmother. ♪ rebel fighters in syria say they recaptured the town and several villages in the aleppo countryside from government soldiers backed by shia malitia and iranian forces and reverses government gains made just two weeks ago and crucially several rebel groups joined forces including the al-qaeda el nusra front and inflicted painful losses on troops in the area managing to hold back their advances despite the government getting help from russian air strikes. aleppo province has significant strategic value as it sits along the border with turkey and made it a key battleground for the past three years. from the border area. >> reporter: syrian rebels on the offensive, marred by
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divisions and short of weapons they are advancing on the city of aleppo. many armed factions have established a joint command center. this video appears to show them attacking government military posts in southern aleppo. the armed group el nusra front is taking part in offensive and fighters played a significant role in the push to capture the village, syrian rebels say government forces are backed by thousands of fighters from iran, iraq and hezbollah. >> strategic of syrian army is to cut the highways and to take over aleppo, aleppo as a city i think has been divided and they have to go to the eastern side. >> reporter: behind these mountains is another major front line, government troops have been shelling these peaks which were recently captured by turkmen fighters.
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these mountains overlook the city of latakia. one of president's bashar al-assad's strongholds and troops backed by russian planes are trying to secure the area. the fighting continues near the border with turkey there are growing fears of regional conflict. the russians and iran are staunch allies of president assad while the turks western and gulf nations insist the syrian president must go. they believe the russians used the fact against i.s.i.l. as cover to increase assad's chances of staying in power and that i.s.i.l. can only be defeated if president assad steps aside, al jazeera on turkey border with syria. media is reporting that a member of its elite revolutionary guards died in syria and brigadier general is said to have died fighting in
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the northern city of aleppo, at least 64 iranian and commanders of the guard have been killed in syria supporting president assad's forces. russian jets meanwhile have reportedly attacked a town in northern syria close to the border with turkey. the air strikes targeted an area where several buses were parked. this video posted online shows firefighters putting out the flames. witnesses said the vehicles had been used to get food and aid supplies to people in need. turkey president has warned that while i.s.i.l. is a serious threat in syria there are other players who are equally dangerous and we have more from istanbul. >> reporter: turkey's erdogan was trying to underline several messages in his latest address. with regard to the international campaign to combat i.s.i.s. what erdogan is trying to say is that "yes" i.s.i.s. is a threat,
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however the root cause to the problem is much greater than that organization. he says that actually the reason behind the blood shed, the reason behind the turmoil is the regime of president bashar al-assad. >> translator: no differences between the apg, assad and i.s.i.l. terrorist organizations, what they do is commit crimes against humanity, let no one deceive anyone. we went to syria because they invited us. if someone kills 380,000 people, if someone kills his own people are you obliged to accept their invitation. >> goes to show the kind of fragment takes in the countries combatting i.s.i.s. because for example washington believes it has a partner in the kurdish fighters and russia claims to be attacking i.s.i.s. is actually a strong supporter of assad regime which itself has come under accusations through the u.s. treasury in the past few days of having indirect links buying oil from i.s.i.s.
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the other important message from erdogan was his reiteration he was going to try and meet with russia's vladimir putin in paris when the two arrive for this climate change summit. until now the kremlin has not responded either positively or negatively to erdogan's request for a meeting but it's a sign that erdogan is trying to deescalate or at least publically show he is reaching out to his russian counterparts and russia says nothing short of apology will do and erdogan says his country didn't do anything wrong and merely defending air space. >> from istanbul and the president's remarks come as turkey warned its citizens against nonessential travel to russia. on friday russia suspended visit yeah free arrangement with turkey and threatening to introduce a wide range of economic sanctions. >> translator: the incident truly saddens us. we never would have wanted this to happen.
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however, it is not possible for us to treat such violations as visits from guests because guests only go to a place when they are invited and truly hope this is not repeated and never on the side of pain and suffering in our region and all the world that we seek is peace, security and prosperity. >> reporter: a prominent pro-kurdish lawyer and human rights activist shot dead in the southeast city and tahir-elci speaking to media in the predominant kurdish city and fatally wounded, a police officer was also killed and previously detained for saying the kurdish armed group and pkk should not be regarded as a terrorist organization. thousands of kurdish protesters rallied in es istanbul over the death and fired water canyon and tear gas and determined to find out who killed the lawyer.
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hundreds of protesters have been out on the streets in london demanding that their government stay out of the international air campaign against i.s.i.l. prime minister david cameron says bombing the armed group is the only way to keep britain safe but critics want him to consider a political solution first. as nieve barker reports politicians are expected to vote next wednesday. >> reporter: outside downing street the first of what organizers say will be a title wave of protests, for now the crowds are modest but as parliament prepares for a crucial vote on syrian air strikes next wednesday, these demonstrators including politicians, musicians and film stars want their say. in my lifetime i have not seen violence promote peace and do not accept it in families and workplace and between a man and his dog and do not accept it from parents and children, why are we contemplating the idea that violence is the solution to
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this? we certainly should be tackling i.s.i.s. but the way of doing it is not to go and bomb them which is exactly what they want and dignify their position. but the money that is going to them. >> reporter: the war coalition accused the government of having no clear strategy when it comes to syria and say that 14 cumulative years of bombings in afghanistan, iraq and now what is happening in the middle east only threatens to inflame tensions even further and bring more blood shed to europe street. on thursday the british prime minister launched a campaign of his own to persuade lawmakers of needs for air strikes and bombers hitting i.s.i.l. targets in iraq since last year and said the fight against i.s.i.l. in syria should not fall to other countries. >> shouldn't be content with out sourcing our security to our allies, if we believe that action can help protect us then with our allies we should be part of that action, not standing aside from it. >> reporter: two years ago
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david cameron wanted to launch air strikes to oust syrian president bashar al-assad and the vote was defeated but after attacks in paris france has been assembling a coalition of willing to destroy i.s.i.l. and seen as many more of a direct threat to national security. this was the scene in 2003 when a different british government led by the former prime minister tony blair wanted to invade iraq and the biggest protest in british history against a war many saw as illegal. today the prime minister says air strikes are needed for self-defense. growing number of people believe him. despite this opposition it's a vote the british government thinks it can win. barker in london. ♪ saudi-led coalition carried out
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air strikes the on smuggling supplies to houthi rebels in yemen, military official says weapons up loaded from two fishing vessels in the province when they were hit killing three smugglers and imposed a blockade on yemen to stop weapons reaching the houthis and loyal to president saleh and al jazeera correspondent sent this update from the yemeni city. >> translator: the saudi-led coalition carried out eight raids in the province carrying arms, ammunition and fuel for the houthi rebels. the smugglers are agreed to be indian and asian sailors and operation carried out in the port part of a long coastal strip stretching more than 200 kilometers. the yemeni army has not been able to maintain security there because it doesn't have sufficient marine capabilities and the area is quite vast.
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the saudi-led coalition had given previous warnings to the votes and also about 12 kilometers away are all facilities where the majority of yemen's production is exported from and an area where the houthi rebels along fighters with loyal to the president saleh have been trying to control since the start of conflict and also reports that mercenaries are in yemen to fight along with houthi rebels along the border with saudi arabia and last week pro-government forces said they arrested 850 african fighters. at least four policemen have been shot dead in egypt, masked attackers on a motor bike are said to have opened fire at a security check point in cairo suburb of giza and no group claimed responsibility for the attack. hundreds of thousands of people have turned out to see pope francis on the second day of his visit to uganda.
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the head of the catholic church has been attending a youth rally where he gave his blessing to an estimated 150,000 people. earlier in the day the pontiff visited a shrine dedicated to christian missionaries who were killed in uganda during the 19th century. malcolm web sent us this update. >> reporter: pope francis gave a mass to tens of thousands of people at the shrine in campala a site where 130 uganda first christians were killed because of their faith. since made into saints by the catholic church and it's an important site for the catholic community in uganda and talked about people becoming missionaries in their communities and turning hate to love and when he came here the city center the crowds were esstatic and people trying to get as close as they can to get a glimpse of him in the pope
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mobile and hoping for blessings and small children on their shoulders trying to get as close to the pope as they could and not as strong a message in kenya a few days ago where he came out against corruption and inequality. violence in macedonia as the country begins building a metal fence along the border with greece plus president obama heading to paris with a plan to drastically cut carbon emissions but not everyone back home is on board, i'm kristen in west virginia where there is strong opposition. ♪
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♪ now reminder of the top stories on al jazeera, syrian opposition foergs forces say they gained ground in aleppo province and the turkish president erdogan expressed remorse over the shooting down of a russian war plane near the border of turkey but says they most defend the border and pro-kurdish lawyer has been shot dead in the turkish city and policeman killed when fired on from the media conference. two u.n. peace keepers and civilian killed in rocket attack on a u.n. base in mali and another 20 were injured in the predawn attack and u.n. spokesman says mortar shells were used to strike the compound and another called the attackers
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terrorists and said they fired shots and then fled. this comes just eight days after a deadly siege at a western hotel in the capitol bomiko which 20 people were killed. earlier we spoke to oliver salgado spokesman of the peace keeping mission in mali and said the attack is an attempt to end a peace agreement they signed with separatist fighters in june. >> we are doing everything for this. it's difficult. it's a difficult mission. and mali and the peace process was months ago. we are in the implementation phase. we know some forces don't want peace to happen but our job is to make it happen and we will do everything so it can happen. >> reporter: in the u.s. the national security agency is shutting down its mass phone
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surveillance and replacing the program with more targeted methods. this will end its daily monitoring of millions of american's phone records by sunday, 2 1/2 years ago the controversial program was exposed by former nsa contractor edward snowden. let's get more on this who are joined from washington d.c. so it was discovered 2 1/2 years ago now, it is finally closing down, do we or the government have any idea how effective this method of surveillance actually has been until now? >> a number of official reviews that say despite official process stations both from bush era officials and current obama administration officials like the director of the cia, director of national intelligence it didn't thwart one terror attack with a drag net surveillance of american call data, metadata, length and duration of location of calls
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and so on and completely useless and as federal courts found out it was utterly unconstitutional as well but still had defenders and because of snowden leaks debate began and light was shown on this program and this at least means the u.s. won't be hovering up all of american metadata and call data and storing it in enormous servers and people in nsa who were saying this is a bit unwieldy and not effective so u.s. freedom act that replaced it allows for collection of metadata but with supposedly a few more safeguards and stream lines collection and makes it more efficient after more cell phone records, internet telephone and so on so we won't know how effective the checks and balances are perhaps until we get another whistleblower to tell us but has to be emphasized for the international audience
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it has nothing to do with you and nsa can cover up anything it wants of your data and you are not constitutionally protected and as we learned from edward snowden they are protecting citizens data from the national security agency or helping the national security agency hover up that data. >> with the analysis from washington d.c. and thank you. family members of the syrian boy whose drowning off the coast of turkey triggered an out cry will be resettled in canada. the three-year-old and the canadian government approved application to bring in her family and original application was rejected which led to the family's ill fated attempt to cross from turkey to greece. and plans to accept 25,000 refugees but says it will take longer to bring them in than originally had been planned. police in macedonia have fired
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tear gas and stun grenades at refugees demanding passage through the country to western europe. scuffles broke out on saturday and police were pelted with rocks and comes as macedonia authoritys began building a metal fence along the border with greece. macedonia is letting refugees from syria, afghanistan and iraq through but is stopping other groups saying that they are economic migrants. >> without it we will die. we are the same. we will die there or here. it's the same. nothing changed. >> reporter: world leaders are heading to paris for u.n. climate talks where it is hoped they will agree to reduce greenhouse emissions to help control global warming. u.s. president barack obama is going to be among them, he wants to cut his country emissions by more than a quarter but as kristen reports from west virginia he is facing big
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challenges back home. >> this is our fabrication shop. >> reporter: the machines that make and refurbish coal mining, equipment at phillips machine services are quiet, the company down to a four-day working week. coowner tom curbman has laid off more than two thirds of his workforce in the past three years. >> we used to do maybe as many as 30 of these in a year and as you can see we are not very busy right now. >> reporter: he blames competition from natural gas and president obama's clean power plan, federal regulations meant to drastically reduce carbon emissions. >> when you take an ax to a problem rather than a small pairing knife you tend to hurt whole segments of the society. >> reporter: beckley, west virginia is coal country, mining, deep roots on display at a museum replicating a coal camp
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where they lead people through a mine from the 1800s. >> understand what the americans built with hard work. >> reporter: coal companies are not only making and hiring less and paying less in taxes and that means less money for local schools. >> if we got a leader that people think is trying to take their bread and butter off the table, wouldn't you fight back? >> reporter: west virginia gets 95% of is power from coal so perhaps it's not surprising the state is leading the fight against president obama's clean power plan. but west virginia is not alone in its opposition, some 27 states in total have filed legal actions to stop the plan from moving forward. but experts say the united states can't reach its goal of reducing emissions by at least 26% without tougher standards for the coal industry. >> clean power plan is the important piece of change in regulation that epa has promulgated to date and that is
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because it seeks to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector the largest greenhouse gas emissions in the united states. >> reporter: democrats in coal states asked the president to do more to promote carbon capture technology which they say will allow reduction in greenhouse gas emissions using coal to prever their way of life and future generations, al jazeera, beckley, west virginia. indonesia has become one of the world's largest greenhouse gas emitters and worse by forest fires with hectors of land with tons of carbon in the atmosphere and president hopes world leaders at paris talks will help them reduce emissions and we spoke exclusively to him. fires in large part of indonesia during this year's dry season a
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disaster not only for the environment and the global climate but also to millions of people who are to breathe toxic air for months, after international criticism over the fire the president has decided to travel to paris to ask for he help. >> translator: it was very difficult for us because this year we face el nino and meant everything is dry and hot so the fires travel really fast and if this fires go in the forest they can burn four meters deep and had 29 planes and helicopters trying to douse the fires but they didn't have any effect. >> what we found with al jazeera and al jazeera found on the ground is a lot of people and fires were actually caused by companies, by ail companies and by paper and pulp companies so what are you doing about the companies, will you do strict law enforcement, are you going to punish them? >> there are 11 companies that
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are being investigated, two are already declared suspect, 286 people are being investigated, 60 are suspects. law process is underway. law enforcement is important but restoring the land also. >> if you go to the provinces it is sorry to say it's quite a mess with a lot of corruption and miss management in the forest. what are you going to do about that? >> translator: what we will do is to have one policy. if we give a license to companies in the forest it will be clear who is responsible. it should be clear there should not be any left. >> but how are you going to prevent local leaders to not be corrupt and give licenses to companies they are not allowed to give? >> translator: we review all the old licenses. if companies were given a
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license in the conservation pfoe rest we will take away the license. >> cost 30 billion u.s. dollars and hopes to convince countries to contribute to indinosha climate change fund. >> translator: we all need the same commitment and the large industrialized countries with firemen and also the countries have to be given money to improve their environment. if nobody cares about this we cannot succeed. >> reporter: he did not make clear how much money indonesia needs but with another el nino year predicted in 2016 many are skeptical the country will be ready to prevent another disaster. al jazeera. air pollution in beijing has reached dangerous levels with dense smog engulfing the city
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since friday and chile climate change blamed for causing the longest drought in history and rainfall has fallen during one of the hottest periods in the last hundred years and lots to talk about at the summit in paris. archeologists are 90% sure of the tomb of the boy king tutankhamun has passages to the chamber and resting place of queen nefertiti and died in 14 century bc and thought to be the step mother and one was she was laid to rest about 400 kilometers north of luxor and this could be the greatest this century of the find. >> close examination of these scans highlighted the apparent process of closed doorways, on the west wall potentially leading to additional tutankhamun store room labeled x in the cut away bottom left here
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and that on the north to a corridor continuation of the two there was life. the life was at the burial was a tomb within a tomb. >> more on the website. >> i'm sylvia rowley in the south of england where support for small scale sustainable fishing is catching on. >> and i'm russell beard in bangkok to meat a team innovative urban farmers turning air polution into protein.

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