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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  November 28, 2015 6:00pm-7:01pm EST

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this is al jazeera. ♪ ♪ welcome to the news hour. i am richelle carey in doha with the top stories. syrian rebel groups join force to his take back territory from the government. and the key battle ground of aleppo province. russia announces a series of economic sanctions against turkey after the shooting down of the russian fighter jet. the u.s. national security agency is stopping the mass collection of americans' phone records, but a new surveillance
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program is on the way. plus the secrets of king it tut's tomb. experts believe it could be heighting the final rest place of the lost queen nefertiti. ♪ ♪ opposition fighters in syria say they have captured several towns and villages in a lope owe's countryside. the al-nusra front says it battled syrian government troops, shia militias and iranian fighter to take this territory. nusra joined forces with several other rebel groups to reverse government gains made just two weeks ago. the rebels say they inflicted painful losses on regime troops in the area despite their support from russian airstrikes. the province of aleppo, which borders turkey, has been a key battle for three years now. we have a report from southern turkey. >> reporter: syrian rebels on
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the offensive. marred by divisions and short of weapons, they are advancing on the city of aleppo. many armed factions have established a joint command center. this video appears to show them attacking government military posts in southern aleppo. the armed group al-nusra front is taking part in the offensive. its fighters played a significant role in the push to capture the village here. the syrian rebels say government forces are backed by thousands of fighters from iran, iraq, and hezbollah. >> the strategic of syrian army is to cut the highways, you know, not to take over aleppo as a city. i think the city is still divided and they have to go to the eastern side. >> reporter: behind these mountains is another major frontline. government troops have been shelling these peaks, which were
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recently captured by turkmen fighters. these mountains overlooked the city of latakia. one of president bashar al-assad's strong holds. his troops backed by russian planes are trying to secure the area. but as the fighting continues near the border with turkey, there are growing fears of regional conflict. russians and iran are staunch allies of president is sad. assad. while the turks, and western and gulf notions insist assad needs to go. they are trying to increase assad chances of staying in power and that aisles can only be defeated if president assad steps aside hashem, al jazeera, on turkey's border with syria. the. now despite those losses in aleppo, the syrian army says it is making gains against fighters from the islamic state of iraq and the levant. the regime says it has captured
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key territory including parts of a highway linking aleppo province with isil's strong hold of raqqa. syrian state television say they have seized villages, farmland and tunnels built by isil fighters. so it is a complicated picture and the battle for syria as ever. we have been getting expert analysis on what the latest gains and losses in aleppo mean. >> this was meant to be the big offensive that was going to be run by the syrian forces. aleppo has been encircled and has had rebel forces inside of it for quite sometime. so about the 9th of this month the regime announced that it was going on the offensive, going to be retaking these towns, relieve the siege of aleppo. what we are seeing today is that that relief operation, that offensive is not going well. and, in fact, there is a counter offensive being run by the rebels right now that is putting a lie on this notion that the
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syrians are going to be able to, number one, relieve aleppo, and number two, kill the rebel forces in the vicinity. >> every town, every village is very significant. the reality is that if you ask me about the big picture, the macro picture, no camp has been able to deliver a decisive blow. today you have two major reports, the rebels basically advance in southwestern a lope owe and capture four cities and the syrian army captures major towns from isis. so you have two major developments, each side loses in one area and the other side gains in another area. no camp, neither the syrian government and it's a amelies, nor the opposition have been able really to have the upper hands. this is a war of attrition. five years in to the syrian conflict, this is basically the -- you have iraq balance of power. >> iranian media is reporting that a member of its elite revolutionary guard has died in syria. the brigadier general is said to
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have died while fighting near aleppo. at least 63 iranians, including senior commanders of the revolutionary guard have been killed in syria since the conflict began. russian jets helping the syrian government fight rebel groups have reportedly attacked a town in northern syria. close to the border with turkey. the air strikes targeted an area where several buses were parked. witnesses said the vehicles were being used to get food and aid surprise to people in need. syria's army accuses turkey of disguising weapons and equipment for rebels as shipments of humanitarian aid. hundreds of protesters have been out on the streets of london demanding their government stays out of the air campaign against isil in syria. british fighter jets are already bombing isil in iraq, but prime minister david cameron says expanding the mission is the only way to keep the u.k. safe. neave barker reports. >> reporter: outside downing street the first of what
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organizers say will be a tidal wave of protests. the for now the crowds are modest. but as parliament prepares for a crucial vote on syrian air strikes next wednesday, these demonstrators including politicians, musicians and film stars, want their say. >> in my lifetime, i have not seen violence promote peace. i don't think we accept it in your families, in our workplace. we don't accept it between a man and his dog, we don't accept it between parents and children. why are we even contemplating the idea that violence is the solution to this? >> we certainly should be tackling isis, but the way of doing it is not to go and are bomb them, which is exactly what they want and which would dignify their position. but to start trying to stifle the money that's going to them. >> reporter: the stop the war row coe lungs accused the government of having no clear strategy when it comes to syria. they say that 14 cumulative years of bombings in afghanistan, iraq and now what's happening in the middle east
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only threatens to inflame tensions evening furtherer and bring more bloodshed to europe street. on thursday the british prime minister launched a campaign of his own to persuade lawmakers of the need for airstrikes. british bombers have already been hitting isil tagger nets iraq since last year. he said the fight against isil in syria shouldn't fall to other countries. >> we shouldn't be content outsourcing our security it our allies. if we believe that action can help protect us, then with our allies we should be part that have action not standing aside from it. >> reporter: two years ago, david cameron wanted to launch airstrikes to out of the the syrian president bashar al-assad. that vote was defeated. but after the attacks in paris, isil is seen my many as a more direct threat to national security. this is a scene from 2003, when the former prime minister tony
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blair wanted to invade iraq, it was the biggest protest in british history, against a war many saw as illegal. today the prime minister says air strikes are needed for self-defense. a growing number of people believe him. despite this op i think, it's a vote the british government thinks it can win. neave barker, al jazeera, london. >> about 5,000 people gathered in the spanish capital madrid to protest against the international air campaign in syria. some protesters say they don't want spain to become a target for attacks like those in paris two weeks ago. the prime minister has been holding off on a decision about whether to join the coalition ahead of elections later this month. and spain says it's arrested three people suspected of recruiting fight force isil. the interior ministry says two moroccan men were detained in barcelona and a woman was arrest today stop her from traveling overseas to join what spanish
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authorities described as extremist groups. vladimir putin has signed a decree impositions economic zincses against turkey. tensions have escalated since turkey shot down a russian par plane near the syrian border a few days ago. ankara says the russian fighter jet sped its airspace even though it was warned repeatedly. moscow says the pilot got no warning. >> reporter: the sanctions including restricting the hiring of turkish staff by some russian companies starting next year. russia is temporarily banning imports of some goods produced in turkey. it will also impose tighter controls on scheduled turkish flights in to russia. and has banned charter flights. russian holiday companies, have been ordered not to sale tours to turkey. mess coulhospital could you hasy suspended its visa-free travel agreement with turkey. russia is the biggest supplier of national gas and second
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biggest source of tourists. so far ankara has not threatened counter sanctions but continues to maintain what happened was moscow's fault. >> translator: the incidents truly saddens us. we would never have wanted this to happen. however, it is not possible for us to treat such violations as visits from guests, because guests only go a place when they are invited. we truly hope that this isn't repeated where we are never on the side of pain and suffering in our region and in all the world we seek is peace, security and prosperity. ray prominent pro-kurdish lawyer and human rights activist has been shot dead in turkey. he was speaking to media in the predominantly kurdish city when he was fatality wounded. police officers were also killed. he had been detained last month for publically saying that the kurdish armed group the p.k.k. shouldn't be regarded as a
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terrorist organization. and hundreds of kurdish pro tests have rallied in istanbul against the death. the march was broken up by police who fired water cannons and tear gas at the crowds. the turkish prime minister said it's unclear if the kurdish activist was caught in the cross fire aura assasinated. iraqi officials have found mass graves containing bodies of members of the minority yazidi community. 113 bodies were found in a village 12-kilometers south of sinjar. one of the graves was found booby trapped with explosives. earlier kurdish fighters had discovered more mass graves in the area. they recaptured the northern iraqi town from isil fighters earlier this month. appealing to the army to stop what they describe as indiscriminate shelling in their area, there has also been a
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shortage of food and fuel. residents allege that the iraqi army is stopping trugs from entering the area. lots more ahead on the al jazeera news hour. some good news at last for the family of a young boy who drowned trying to reach europe. and a report on how some locals in uganda are seeing the pope's visit as a business opportunity and great britain takes another step towards winning a first davis cup since 1936, as the murray brothers put them in a commanding position against belgium. ♪ ♪ u.s. government loses its legal authority to collect the phone records of its citizens on sunday. it follows congress' decision to stop the national security agency's mass surveillance program after revelations by former nsa contractor edward
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snowden. but a scale back form of date collection will still continue as we report. >> reporter: he was called a traitor leading u.s. political figures called for his murder and he was forced in to exile in russia. but edward snowden's actions in disclosing the breath of the u.s. government surveillance of its own people has brought an end to much of the national security agency's bulk collection of american phone records. we now know that the dragnet failed to disrupt even one terror plot and a federal court has declared it unconstitutional. but the nsa isn't completing ending mass metadata collecting. especially when so many phone calls are made over the internet. >> international calls will still be collected. but the other thing that they bulk collect sent net communications and because so much of americans' internet communications happen to go overseas, those continue to get pulled. >> reporter: dragnet surveillance of telephone metadata and anything else in the rest of the world will
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continue. only those in the u.s. have some protection from the constitution. as far as washington is concerned, everyone else is fair game. the responsibility of their own governments. and as snowden's leak showed, they are often cooperating with the u.s. in the surveillance of their citizens. moreover, snowden revealed much more than telephone metadata collection. for example, the nsa's ability to search everything a user does on the internet or its collection of 200 million text messages worldwide each day. >> what is going to shutdown according to former white house counter terrorism czar richard clark is just a fraction what the nsa does. otherwise people are probably still expanding mass surveillance all around the world. >> reporter: and since the recent attacks in paris, some u.s. politicians are again talking of expanding surveillance. snowden has been used as a scapegoat even though there is no evidence that the attackers used the internet or exploited privacy safeguards to plan their attacks. still action was taken and there
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has been some reform. but given the inherent secrecy of the nsa. it may take another whistle blower for us to judge how much has actually changed. al jazeera. the suspect behind a shooting at a family planning clinic in the u.s. state of colorado is due to appear in court on monday. 57-year-old robert dear is being held in colorado springs. a police officer and two other people were killed during a 5-hour standoff. the motive behind this is still not known. police in macedonia have fired tear gas and stun grenades at refugees who are demanding passage through the country to western europe. refugees who are angry after macedonian authorities started building a metal fence along the border with greece, at least 38 people were injured in the clashes. macedonia is let being refugees from syria, afghanistan and iraq
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through, but is stopping other nationals saying they are economic migrants. and across the border in greece, the government is asking the european union for financial and technical help. prime minister alexis tsipras has also appealed to the opposition for support. >> translator: the greatest movement of population since world war ii has caused an unprecedented refugees crisis that changes the data and balance throughout europe. and this refugees flow passes through country. this requires a high sense of responsibility and seriousness, not only by the government, but also by the opposition. and european union leaders will host turkey for a special summit on sunday. the ongoing refugees crisis expected to be on the top of the agenda. turkey has agreed in principal to take in more refugees in exchange for more than $3 billion freer travel for turks in to the e.u. from berlin, laurence lee reports. >> reporter: spring turned to summer and autumn to winter, and
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still they haven't stopped. through all weather on this miserable trip. the e.u. has all year been accused of doing too little to make the journeys less dangerous. but while european leaders were full of sympathy when the body of this three-year-old was washed up on a beach. the main preoccupation has for months been how to stop refugees from coming from turkey to greece at all. the german government is usually in the driving seat, presenting this as an attempt at regaining control. >> i think it is not a fair and humanitarian solution to induce people to risk their lives and the lives of that their childrn crossing the mediterranean. we have to offer perspective to legal entry in to the european union. but at the same time improving the situation of refugees in turkey. >> reporter: this is a quarter of berlin known as little istanbul. germany has for years taken in turkish migrant workers and the
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deal means it may have to take in a lot more. as well as a sped-up entry process to the e.u., turkey is also demanding visa-free access to europe for its 75 million people. suddenly for turkey, the refugees crisis is an opportunity. turkey has been trying to join the european union since before the berlin wall came down in 1989. and yet for all of that time, germany has blocked it on the grounds that turkey's human rights record isn't good enough. suddenly all the talk of of repressionrepressions and abuses vanishing on the ben because the european union wants to pay turkey to keep the refugees out. given how many european politicians describe the refugees as economic migrants, that sounds to some to be a highly hypocritical position for the european union to take. >> the european union is ready to give up human rights. it's own values. why the our opinion union actually exists.
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and it is doing this on the back of the most vulnerable people, the refugees. >> reporter: so more than $3 billion will be found and given to turkey for more camps and presumably more barbed wire. perhaps it wilkens toot a life for the refugees, perhaps not. but clearly it says europe's new fences haven't worked. so they are purchasing them even furthering towards syria and iraq. laurence lee, al jazeera, berlin. the family of the syrian boy whose drowned on the ground of the coast the turkey triggered an international outcry will be resettled in canada. the aunt of the three-year-old says the canadian government has approved her application to bring in her family which was earlier rejected. the family is among the hundreds of thousands who have been attempting to cross from turkey to greece. canada plans to accept 25,000 refugees but says it will take longer to bring them in than had originally been planned. at least four policemen have
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been shot dead in egypt. masa tackers on a motorcycle bike are said to have opened fire at a security check point in cairo suburb, no group has complained responsibility for the attack. egyptian security forces have been targets of increased violence since the army ousted president mohamed morsi in 2013. the saudi-led coalition has carried out airstrikes on boats they say were smuggling surprise to houthi rebels in yemen. they were hit in a port. it's the first time the coalition has carried out such strikes against suspected smugglers. gunmen have attacked a u.n. base in northern mali killing two peacekeepers from guinea and a civilian. a u.s. spokesman says mortar shells were used to attack the compound in the town. in 2012, northern mali was taken over by ethnic rebels and al qaeda linked fighters. a french linked military operation drove them out. but violence continues, guinea
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has about 850 soldiers serving as u.n. peace keep nurse mali. afghanistan's cash strapped government has just leveed a 10% tax on cell phone pop ups. but the tax has exposed weaknesses in the government's financial infrastructure. opponents say floss way to know where the money is actually going. jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> reporter: like thousands of afghans, he makes his living selling mobile phone top up cards. but he says a new tax is hurting his business. >> translator: before when someone was charged 500 afghan-yes, he was without tax, now if they charge five up, fifties that have is tax. they are taking a cut from every card because of that, we sell less. >> reporter: many consumers say they don't mind the tax, but they say they would like know exactly where the money is going. >> we hope that the government should provide people complete information regarding how they
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collect that the system should be showing to the people that these moneys of going to a particular area of the government in a proper way. but there is no chances of that corruption. >> reporter: the tax was passed by presidential decree, the parliament says that's unconstitutional and voted against it. asking the government to repeal it. >> translator: the main reason we rejected the tax is the government has no idea how much money the telephone companies are paying from the tax. are they really giving the 10% to the government? >> reporter: but the tax continues to be collected. cell phones are a fixture of afghan life and despite the extra cost, people continue to use them. the government says it is addressing concerns in parliament about where the tax money is going, but says the new tex is a first step to afghanistan becoming fiscally independent. about 70% of the national budget is paid for with international aid. afghanistan's new president and chief executive told international donors at a conference last year that they
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would work to make sure that the government raised more revenue. >> this top ups is one of those commitments that we have given to our international allies. tx is a first step t that they would stand up on our own feet and utilize our resource to his deal with our budget expenditures. >> reporter: but many sellers are not optimist take that will work. the government says it's working to build an actable revenue system and they hope this phone tax is the first step to independence. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. back now to the sanctions russia has announced against turkey after the shooting down of that russian fighter jet. lincoln mitchell is an expert on russia and joins us live from new york. we appreciate your time so very much. the list of sanctions seems to get longer and longer every day.
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can you put the sanctions in some sort of perspective for us. are they proportional to the wrong that russia says has been done to them? or are they really about something else? what what are your thoughts? >> well, it's hard to know whether it's proportionate or not. that's subject tim i think there are a couple of things to keep in mind here, first, sanctions or a tool that western powers have used against a number of country, not least russia a great deal. we are now seeing russia taking a western tool and using it to their own advantage, which should not surprise anybody but demonstrates the way russia will play this and how russia sees themselves relative to the west. one thing that strikes me about these sanction is his that while they hurt turkey, they will not bring a great happy tons the russian people. russians, for russians turk is a a big tourist destination. it's a big vacation destination. they will have a hard time going there now. there is a lot of turkish produce and other food stuffs that are import ed in to russia.
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russia consumers will not have access to those now. so this is a pretty hard-hitting sanctions in some respects but one that hits turkey hard but also could hit russia pretty hard. >> so in whose interest is it to de-escalate this then? >> there is always a way to de-escalate this. and russia, after their rhetoric after the plane was shot down, they had to do something, they just couldn't make a lot of noise and do nothing. we are seeing from turkey some language that indicates a willingness to de-escalate it. they are not taking the bait on this. partially because i think it will hurt their economy and they don't want that to happen. but also because the potential for this to escalate is substantial. russia and nato are both very powerful countries, very wealthy countries. big militaries and turkey is, of course, a member of nato. if this -- for this to become a conflict, even if not an actual shooting war, but a broader conflict between rauch and turkey or russia and nato. it takes the syria situation which is a very kind of terrible
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serious, but also somewhat contained situation, somewhat contained conflict and makes it a much larger, regional, perhaps not global but close to global conflict and that would be really bad for everyone involved including the western powers, the winner would be isis and i don't think anyone wants that. >> so does the west really have any sway in this? >> well, the west always has sway in this. european poiser, and the united states can always put pressure, it can always have a discussion with turkey about how to find a way to de-escalate this. the question of how far down the road russia wanting to and the rub an president vladimir putin wanting to, that's a different question. and the u.s. and europe, doesn't have a great deal of sway there. we have been unable to, for example, push russia out of ukraine, push russia out of southern ukraine out of crimea. so there is not a lot of sway with russia. but there has been a sense in -- by the russian government that
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they don't really want to escalate any conflict with nato too much. they want to dance around the conflict, rata rattle a sabre at but don't want an actual conflict. that suggests that the u.s. has more sway than popular media would suggest. >> of course this is all happening against the backdrop of syria. thank you so much for your expertise on this, we appreciate it. coming you want later in the news hour, indonesia's president speaks to al jazeera ahead of his appeal for help over forest fires at the paris climate change conference. plus. >> reporter: president obama is heading to paris with a plan to dresdrastically cut carbon emisn buzz not everyone back home is aboard. i am chris fine slewp any west virginia where there is strong opposition. also ahead, mercedes continues to set the pace as the formula one season draws to close, qualifying action from abu dhabi. that is coming up.
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>> we always have strikes. people should never be alarmed. >> what started as a peaceful protest... >> police seem to stick to the self-defense story. >> became a horrific moment in south african history. >> i don't think any organization in this country could ever anticipate this type of violence. >> what really happened that tragic day. >> it is the time to point a finger at those whose fingers pulled the trigger. ♪ ♪ welcome back. let's take a look at the top
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stories now on al jazeera. al qaeda-linked al-nusra front has released video it says shows the capture of several towns and villages in aleppo country side. al-nusra front joins forces with several rebel groups to take the territory from syrian government soldiers. russian president vladimir putin has signs a decree imposes economic sanctions against turkey. moscow's economic retaliation came off turkey shot down its war plane near the syrian border a identify days ago. ankara says the rush up fighter jet entered its airspace everybody though it was warned repeatedly and moscow says its pilot got no warning. the u.s. national security agency is shutting down its mass surveillance program and replacing it with a more targeted one. the move comes two and a half years after former nsa contractor edward snow en blue the whistle on the mass collection of data. let's get her on one of our top stories now, the push for an
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international coalition against isil. china's president is due to meet wisconsin french counterpart francois hollande in paris on sunday, the two were holding talks ahead of the climate change conference, but china's stance on title isil is likely to be on the agenda as well. adrian brown has more from beijing. >> reporter: china has pledged its support for the international coalition against aisles. but this has created a quandary for china. in the post its stated policy has abouts les been one of noninterference in the internal a fares of other countries. so after the killing of chinese citizens in mali and syria, the question is, what can and will china do. more and more chinese are now going to places like europe and north america, making them just as vulnerable as everybody else. so president hollande will be keen to know what the press of japan's thinking is right now. china's a support is important think because china is, of
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course, a netter member of the u.n. security council. analysts say the chinese decision to support the coalition is a pretext for it to attack extremist groups in the ethnic muslim week a community in the far western province. so by joining the coalition, china is also able to service a own interests. there have been several protests in several cities around the world ahead of the u.n. climate change summit in paris. activists came out in manila to press for action. the philippine is his one of the country to his lose than many others when it comes to global warming, increase will go i strong typhoons have devastated the country in recent years. in tokyo, protesters led by a polar bear mascot shouted climate action now. japan aims to contribute $100 billion for climate change by the year 2020.
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this was the scene in the australian steve brisbane, the protest is one i've number of demonstrations planned across australia this week edge, protesters are demanding more action from their government. u.s. president barack obama is heading to the climate summit with a plan to reduce carbon emissions in the u.s. by at least 26% over the next 15 years. but back home, he is facing legal challenges for more than half of the states. and west virginia is one of them. kristen saloomey reports from there. >> this is our fabrication shop. >> reporter: the machines that make and refurbish coal mining equipment at phillips machine services, are quiet. the company down to a four-day working week. co own or tom has laid off more than two thirst of his workforce in the past three years. >> we used to do as many as 30 in i year and as you can see we are not very business right now 67 he blames competition in natural gas and president
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obama's clean power plan. federal regulations meant to drastically reduce carbon emissions. >> when you take an actio ax toa problem rather than a small pairing knife, you tend to hurt whole segments of the society. >> reporter: beckly, west virginia is coal country of the mining's deep roots are on display here at a museum replicating a coal camp. where retired miners like roger jarel lead tours through a mine from the 1800s. >> i want kids to understand what is really was,. >> reporter: he says coal companies are not only making and hiring less, they are paying less in taxes and that means less money for local schools. >> if we got a leader that the people thinks is trying to take their bread and butter off the table, wouldn't you fight back? >> reporter: west virginia gets 95% of it's a h for -- its powem
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coal so it's not a surprise that they are leading the fight against the clean power plan. but west virginia is not alone in its opposition, some 27 states in total have filed legal action to stop the plan from moving forward. but experts say the united states can't reach its goal of reducing emissions by at least 26% without tougher standards for the coal industry. >> the clean power plant is the single most important piece of climate change regulation that epa has promulgate today date. that's because it seeks to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector which is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the united states. >> reporter: democrats in coal states have asked the president to do more to promote carbon capture technology. which they say would allow for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions while still using coal. to preserve their way of life, as well as the planet, for future generations. kristen saloomey, al jazeera, beckly, west virginia.
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and during the paris conference, indonesia will ask the world to help restore its forests. fires have destroyed a massive area releasing 1.7 billion tons of carbon in the atmosphere, making i understand niche at world's 40 largest greenhouse gas emitted after the u.s., china and bra sim. step vaessen spoke exclusively to the indonesian president. >> reporter: fires in large parts of indonesia during this year's dry season a disaster, not only for the environment and the global climate, but also to millions of people who had to breathe toxic air for months. after international criticism over the fires, the president has decided to travel to paris to ask for help. >> translator: it was very difficult for us because this year we face el nino, which made everything very dry and hot. so the fire travel really fast. if this fire go in to the
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forest, they can burn four meters deep. we had 29 planes and helicopters trying to douse the fires but they didn't have any effect. >> reporter: but what we found, what al jazeera found on the ground is that a lot of people -- fires were actually caused by companies. by palm oil companies and by paper and pulp companies. so what are you going to do about these companies? are you going to do strict law enforcement? are you going to punish them? >> there are 11 companies that are being investigated. two are already declared suspect. 286 people are being investigated. 60 are suspects. the law process is underway. law enforcement is important. but restoring peete land also. >> reporter: if you go to the provinces i am sorry to say it's quite a mess, there is a lot of corruption and mismanagement in the forest. what are you going do about that? >> what we will do is to have one policy.
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if we get a license company to contract the force it will be clear toss responsible. it should be clear. there should not be any [ inaudible ] >> reporter: how are you going to prevent local leaders from being corrupt and actually give license to his companies that they are not allowed to give? >> translator: we will review all of the old licenses. if companies were given license in conservation for us, we will take away the license. >> reporter: this year's fires have cost indonesia more than 30 billion u.s. dollars, the president hopes it convince country to his contribute to indonesian climate change fund. >> translator: we all have to have the same commitment. especially the large industrialized countries who have a huge [ inaudible ] also the developing country have to be given money to improve their
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environment. if nobody cares about this, we cannot succeed. >> reporter: he did not make clear how much money indonesia needs think but with another el nino year predicted in 2016, many are skeptical the country will be ready to prevent another disaster. step vaessen, al jazeera, jakarta. hope francis bested hundreds of thousands at a youth rally in uganda. it's not just about faith. the visit is proving to be a business opportunity for some locals and malcolm webb reports. >> reporter: 10s of thousands gathered to meet pope francis around the shrine in the capital. 130 years ago, some of uganda's first christians were killed here for their faith. they are now known as martyrs. it's the holiest site in uganda for eights 14 million catholics.
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>> translator: dear brothers and sisters, this is the legacy which you have received from the ugandan martyrs. lives marked by the power of the holy spirit. lives which are witness, even now, to the transforming power of the gospel of jesus christ. [applause] >> reporter: he held a mass and spoke of turning hate in i to love. from argentina he's the first noneuropean pope in 1300 years. he often speaks about inequality and so he's seen as a champion of the poor and that resonates here where most of the religious and many are jobless. across town a crowd of thousands of young people steadily gathered at his next venue. people came from neighboring countries and from all over uganda. >> i feel good. i want to be here with papa to [ inaudible ] the ugandans. i want to also meet, to be here
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papa to bless me. >> reporter: it's also a much-needed business opportunity for many. people selling food and drinks, and all kind of religious paraphernalia. statues of jesus and the virgin mary and many different items, especially prince with his pope francis on caps, badges and posters, they are trying to say jesus is selling very well. when he finally arrived. people couldn't get close enough. some had been waiting hours to hear his message burse for many the excitement of seeing a religious leader, who they admire and love was the highlight. >> people are so many and enjoying, everyone is happy. >> happy everyone. [cheering and applause] >> reporter: malcolm webb, al jazeera, kampala, uganda. the leader of egypt's coptic orthodox church is in israel in the first such visit knit decades. the pope attended a bishop's funeral his predecessor had
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banned egyptian cop cops in tral to go israel in protest of the occupation of east jerusalem. stefanie dekker is in east jerusalem and has the latest on the visits. >> reporter: the coptic church is very keen to stress that this is not an official visit. it's an extraordinary visits. it's a human visit because the two men were friends, the pope was a percentage friends of the arch wish, abram. they went to the university together and also the position that the archbishop held being the heaved the coptic church in the holy land, he passed away on wednesday, this is why he is here paying his respects leading the funeral and the church does say that he will not be visited any official religious places here, he will be fishing the funeral and then will be returning toy jim. because they know the sensitivity of this issue. so certainly that's the message they say it hasn't changed, not from the late pope when he said 1979 when israel and egypt signed those peace accords that cops and muse limbs should be
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entering jerusalem together. they say that is still the case they can do not want this to be seen as a change in policy. again, an extraordinary visit and it's once this is done he will be returning to egypt. photos -- voters in burkina faso will be head to the polls in a few hours. this will be the first election in that country in almost 30 years, balance at was delayed after a failed coup in september. months early a popular uprising forced the longstanding president from power. from the cap pal. mohamed adow reports. >> reporter: a last-minute hunt for votes as political campaigns in burkina faso draw to a close. with three-quarters of the country's population of 17 million under the age of 30 years, the youth vote will prove decisive in this elections. music and mega phones are the weapons of choice for the candidates who are pushing for a high turn out. he served as prove minister
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under the former president, is a front runner. he left government just a year ago after opposing plans to extend the president's resume. a businessman and former finance minister is the other formidably candidate form some people the front runner's ties to the former regime is a disappointment. >> translator: it's a misconception to suggest that we don't represent change. we served under blaze with honesty and in the interest of our people. we have nothing to be ashamed of. >> reporter: burkina faso is one of the poorest country on his earth. its ailing economy was further affected by crisis that followed the resignation of blaze come pair. more than anything else, what the people of burkina faso want is for the elect to his bring to an end the crisis of the count country. no representatives of the former
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ruling party are allowed to stand for the presidency. yellow visuals of the congress for democracy party have been lobbying traditional others for support. a majority in parliament will give them the right to choose the crucial posts of prime minister and speaker. >> translator: we are not happy at all. it's very unfair because we would have one permitted to run for the president, our strategy now is to take over parliament. >> reporter: the elections instill hope in many in burkina bay. >> that we have in kind of uncertainty about the result of the elects that is an sign and indication that we are moving to a more democracy. >> reporter: if the elects are successful, they will mark the first democratic hand over the power in the history of burkina faso. whose names means the land of honest people. mohamed adow, al jazeera.
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still ahead, in sports, top flight football returns to paris for the first time since the attacks in the french capital. ital.
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♪ ♪ time for sport with robin. you got some big news. >> absolutesly. >> the latest sport for you, michelle, thank you very much. tyson fey defeated vladimir klischko to become the new heavy weight champion. the fight went the full 12 routs in düsseldorf, germany and had to be decided to points. klischko hadn't been beaten in 11 years before this bought. but it was the english fighter
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fury awarded the wba. ibf. and wb on. titles but unanimous decision, fey extends his record to 21 wins no losses. the doubles world number two andy murray playing alongside his brother jamie. they took on the belgian pair. the brits took the first accept. the belgians took the second. the murray brothers took the next two sets 6-3, 6-2 to closeout the match. britain hasn't won the davis cup since 1936. the singles take place on sunday that will decide the best of five final. >> it's obviously fantastic to win the match. same thing against australia and against france. but i am not -- i don't feel that sort of high right now.
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i feel pretty calm. i know there is a long way to go. and i will probably reflect to that at the end of the tie. but obviously to play in a davis cup final with your brother and win a point for your country is obviously great and we may never get the chance to do that again. so i have to enjoy that. lester city striker jamie vardy has become the first player in english premier league history to score in 11 matches in a row. he broke ruud's record of 10 to his old team manchester united. only three years ago vardy was playing nonleague football for fleetwood. his coal canceled out, though, so 1-1 the final score. >> i asked to my players in the meeting session to thinks one win the match, and second, help jamie toll achieve the record.
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we drew the match. and i am pleased because the performance was good. and then very, very happy with the record of jimmy vardy. fantastic. great, great achievement. plenty of goals in the premier league on saturday. watford competed aston villa 3-2 while bournemouth and ever tonight drew three thereof three. alan pa you due's crystal palace up to sixth after they thumped his old club newcastle knife one. manchester city tied at the top of the table with lester on points. >> it was not an easy week, especially talking about the premier league being we just won one point out of the last six, so it was very important to win here at home. against a difficult team than unbeaten in playing away. i am very happen by the performance and the three-pint. top flight football has returned to pair face the first time since the attacks in the french capital two weeks ago. a minute of silence was held
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before paris st. never january's 4-1 victory over troy. there were no away fans due to the lack of police forces available while the country is in a state of emergency. 130 people died on november 13th and there were three suicide bombs outside the stade due france where the national team were playing germany. barcelona continues to lead the way in the spanish premiera league. a goal from luis swarr and he is a double from neymar, lionel messi was making his first league start since a knee injury in september added another one in the 4-0 win. massebarca has on four-point led over barcelona.
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motor sport news, now, nico rosburg will be on pole for the final race of the formula one season on sunday the ab by dhabi grand prix. it's the sixth race, the mercedes driver has been quicker in qualifying than team merit lewis hampton. he was 0.3776 seconds ahead of hamilton. >> before it was close in the other direction, now it's close in this direction. i am quicker in the moment. and just very pleased about that. and enjoying the moment and happy to be on pole again. >> i mean, i generally have been struggle with this car a little bit over the week end but we have been working really hard to i can huh changes we have had to take something off the car, but, no, nico is was just really quick today. >> good is, very dizzy day in sport. i would like to thank you for watching. thank you, robin. the secret of where a legendary queen of ancient egypt
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was laid on rest may be close to discovery. archeologists say they are almost certain the tomb of egypt's boy king tut has a passage to a hidden chamber that may be her criminal. she is fought to be king tut's stepmother. the new find has the experts excited. >> my close examination of these scans highlighted the apparent presence of closed doorways, on the west wall potentially leading to an additional king tut score room labeled "x" in the cut away bottom left here. that in the north to a continuation of the tomb labeled "y." the proposal i put forward was that the burial of tyutin come unwas a burial within a team. >> who more do we know about queen nefertiti? she ruled alongside her husband during the 14th century b.c. they established the consult of
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the sun god and worship of all other gods. nephrnefertiti's house went to t lengths to display her as a equal making her perhaps one of the history's most powerful female rulers. betsy brian is an egyptian art and archeology professor at johns hopkins and said it is could shed light on a mis mystes character in ancient history. >> i think it's quite possible that it could be nephra pete teat i's tomb. and i think in particular, it may even indicate that she had a closer family connection to king tut than we had originally envisioned. if, in fact, nefertiti was buried there and then was moved in order to place king tut's' burial within the tomb it does you were line the fact that much of the material that his we found buried with king tut may originally have belonged to
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nefertiti, just as nicholas reaves, whoa idea this all is, has suggested for a very long time and it also suggests that nefertiti may very well have been involved with king tut in leaving the consult and departing to go thieves away from the city. one of the things that's interesting is that if she really is to the north of the present burial chamber, it could be a typical configuration that we see for mothers and sisters of kings who have been buried in the valley. so it would be very intrigue to go think about nefertiti as even possibly being king tut's actual mother. still so much more to learn. typkeep it here on al jazeera, another full bulletin of news, is straight ahead. thank you so much for your time. don't go anywhere.
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>> i've been asked to keep my voice down cause we are so close to the isil position >> who is in charge, and are they going to be held to accout? >> but know we're following the research team into the fire >> they're learning how to practice democracy... >> ...just seen tear gas being thrown... >> ...glad sombody care about us man... >> several human workers were kidnapped... >> this is what's left of the hospital >> is a crime that's under reported... >> what do you think... >> we're making history right now... >> al jazeera america
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