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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  November 29, 2015 2:00am-2:31am EST

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burkina faso goes to the polls for the first free and fair elections in 30 years. this is al jazeera live from doha. also on the program european leaders put a deal on the table at the controversial summit with turkey. they will give 3 billion dollars to seal border and keep your refugees they say. from jakarta to sydney and people across the world march to
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demand action on citement change. pope francis goes to the warn torn capital of the central republic. there's optimism that a knew era has begun in burkina faso. poles have been open now in the first flee and fair elections in decades. -- free and fair elections in decades. anyone under the age of, what, 48 will never have voted in an election quite like this. what is at stake here? >> reporter: there's a lot at stake. as you say there, anyone who is less than 48 would not have voted in an election that has not been dominated by the former president blaise comparore.
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we have been witnessing some shock, but orderly queues in the country, 17,000 poll station is is . there are about 14 presidential candidates, two of them women and they will be - there is a lot of excitement that this will herber in a new political reality and democracy in this country. the road to this day has been bumpy. a last minute hunt for votes. with three-quarters of the country's population of 17 million under the age of 30 years, the youth will prove the size in this elections. music and mega phones are the
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weapons of choice nor the candidates-- for the candidates who are pushing for a high turn out. the former prime minister and president blaise comparore is a front runner. he left government just a year ago. a businessman zephirin diabre is the other candidate. the front runner tied to the form,er regime is a disappointment. >> translation: we served under compaore and in the interests of our people. we have nothing to be ashamed off. >> reporter: burkina faso is one of the poorest countries on earth. it's ailing economy was affected by the crisis the resignation of blaise comparore.
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the more than anything else what the people want is to bring to an end the crisis in their country of the past 20 odd-years. officials of the congress for democracy party have been voting elders for support. the parliament will give them the right to choose the posts people minister and speaker. >> translation: we are not happy at all. it's very unfair because we would have one if we had been permitted to run for the president. our strategy now is to take over parliament. >> reporter: the elections a, have the sun certainty that we are moving to a more positive future.
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>> reporter: the name of r: the name of burkina faso means the honest people. if one of the candidate doesn't win an absolute majority, it means that there will be a second round. back to you thanks for that. the european union is offering turkey a three billion dollar deal to seal its border with greece and stop the flow of refugees to europe. it is being discussed at a special summit in brussels which was demanded by the turks. live now to the turkish city. near the border with syria. what are the turks making of what the e.u. is offering? >> reporter: the turks are saying that they are faced with a huge crisis and basically they
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won't be able to cope on their own with it and therefore the international community has to assume its responsibility when it comes to the influx of refugees into syria and - into turkey, sorry, and then thousands of thousands of those refugees crossing to europe through the aegean sea. the turks have been saying that the european community has to provide significant financial assistance. we're talking about something like three billion dollars in the first phase, but also they would like to extend these talks into broader political talks about the futures of relations between turkey and europe, particularly to resume negotiations into turkey joining the e.u., but also easing the visa requirements. talking about an economic and political package that the turks are asking for in return for
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controlling the border, particularly attending to the rise of the influx of refugees into europe this strategy of buying turkey's cooperation on refugees is being driven by germany. >> reporter: spring to sum and autumn to winter and still they haven't stopped the miserable trip. the e.u. has been accused of doing too little to make the journey less dangerous. while european leaders were in sympathy about this little boy, it has been to stopping refugees. a plan is on the table. the german government as usual in the driving seat presenting this at an attempt of regaining control. i think it is not a fair humanitarian lucian to induce people to risk their lives and the lives of their children in
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crossing the need terrainian or going on the bsh bsh mediterrane mediterrane mediterranean. we have to allow entry into european union but improving the situation of refugees in turkey. >> reporter: this is berlin where germany has taken in turkish migrant workser and the deal is it might have to take in more. as well as as a sped up process, they're also demanding visa free access to europe for its 75 million people. suddenly for turkey the refugee crisis is an opportunity. they've been trying to package e.u., but for the time they say the humanitarian rights isn't good enough. all the talk of oppression is vanishing on the wind because they're being paid to keep the refugees out. given how many european
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politicians describe the refugees as economic migrants, thap sounds to some to be a highly hypocrite cal position for the european union to take. the european union is ready to give up human rights. it's only values. why the european union actually exists. it is doing this on the back of the most vulnerable people. the refugees. >> reporter: more than three billion dollars will be found and given to turkey for more camps and presumably more barbed wire. perhaps it will constitute a life for the refugees, perhaps not, butly it says the new fences haven't worked so they're pushing them towards syria and iraq > the route cause of the refugee crisis, of course, is syria's brutal civil war.
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there has been further violence there affecting ordinary people. what's the latest? >> reporter: as we've seen in escalation in the last 48 hours, particularly after the gains made by the rebels in aleppo today. the rebels have captured a new village in the southern part of aleppo. at the same time they say they have seen syrian government back by russian fighter jet pounding areas in the outskirts of damn as-- damascus and many were killed. the fighting now is concentrating in two main areas, latakia and aleppo. why latakia and aleppo? just because the rebels are uniting the ranks and lodging an offensive to reclaim some of the territory that has been captured by the syrian government over
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the last to you years. the rebels say that they have killed dozens of syrian soldiers, iranian commanders and fighters from hezbollah, particularly in aleppo area many thanks. russia's president vladimir putin has signed a decree imposing a series of economic sanctions against turkey. russian businesses have been banned from giving new jobs to turkish nationallys and tour operators have been told to stop selling russian holidays. russia is turkey's biggest trading partner. the funeral of the prominent pro-kurdish lawyer is due to be held. he was shot on saturday while making a press statement in the predominantly kurdish city. he had been detained for saying that the pkk is not a terrorist
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organization. people around the world have been marching to demand action. hundreds took part in this protest on the climate. protestors are demanding urgent action from the government. more than 40,000 people gathered in sydney and also marches in brisbane and other australian cities. the co p21 conference in paris begins on monday. more than 190 countries present will discuss a plan to cut greenhouse gas emissions. pope francis is on his way to the central african republic, the final stop on his visit in
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africa. on saturday the pope preached a message of peace. for some his visit was not just about faith. >> reporter: tens of thousands gathered to meet pope francis in the capital. 130 years ago some of the first christians were killed here for their faith. the holyest site in the country. >> translation: this is the legacy which you have received from the uganda martyrs, lives marked by the power of the holy spirit, witness to the transforming power of the gospel of jesus christ. >> reporter: he held a mass and spoke of turning hate into love.
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from argentina he is the first non-european pope in 1300 years. he often speaks about inequality and is seen as a champion of the poor. that resonates here where most are religious and jobless. across town a crowd of thousands of young people steadily gathered for his next venue. people came from neighbouring countries and all over uganda. i feel good. i want to be here. i want to also meet, to be here for the pope to bless me >> reporter: it's a much needed business opportunity for people selling food and drink and all kinds of religious par-- items, caps, badges, posters. these are selling very well.
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when he finally arrived people couldn't get close enough. some had been waiting hours to hear his message, but for many the excitement of seeing a religious leaders who they - shall leader who they admire and love was the highlight. everyone is happy. everyone is happy. >> reporter: malcolm webb al jazeera still to come here on al jazeera. south korea government accuses teachers of misbehaviouring. a controversy over a new textbook. a new tax will be put on mobile phone towards its new step towards fiscal independence.
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>> those atrocities primed them for when isil came knocking and said "we're your savior". >> the untold story of isil and the fight against terror. >> this is going to be a real time bomb.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making
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our world what it is. the top stories again on al jazeera. polls are open in burkina faso for the first free and fair election in decades. blaise comparore was forced out of office after 27 years. e.u. leaders are meeting with turkey to deal with the refugee crisis. they're expecting to give 3.2 billion dollars to limit the people crossing into europe, more than 2.2 syrian refugees are in turkey. people around the world have marched to demand action on climate change. the climb summit starts in paris on monday. countries will try and agree to
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cut carbon emissions. there has been heavy fighting between houthi rebels and government forces in the contested yemeni city. >> reporter: the battle. witnesses tell al jazeera they have not experienced such heavy fighting before. the houthis and the elite republican guard have surrounded the city since march, but fighters supported are trying to break that hold. oh the weekend the coalition intensified raids and killed houthi rebels trying to infiltrate residential areas. lives lost, but not just those engaged in fighting. this child recounts what happened to him just hours earlier. he and his friends were gathered
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around a water delivery truck when they were hit by shells. some of his friends died, many are critically wounded. hospitals are overwhelmed. only six remain in operation. >> translation: hospitals are packed with injured. we are facing shortage of medical supplies. a massacre is being carried out on the western front. >> reporter: the humanitarian situation is getting worse by the day. many homes are without power. food and water are scarce and supplies can't get in. it has long been regarded as yemen capital, but there's a fear that their children are growing up exposed only to a culture of weapons the foreign minister has repeated cause for syria's
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bashar al-assad to step down. he has held talks with his counterpart, who said syrians must decide the country's future. >> translation: the syrian people have a number of priorities. number one is bashar al-assad to leave. second is to uproot terrorism. we must take these matters into consideration while pondering on the diplomatic solution. if these local communities are willing to act for their own interest, i believe the solution will be near guinea last known ebola patient has left the hospital putting the country to be declared free of the virus. the it will be eau bowl owe free if there are no cases reported in the next 42 days.
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afghanistan's cash strapped government has levied a tax on mobile phone top-ups. >> reporter: like thousands of afghans this man makes his living selling mobile phone top up cards, but he says a new tax is hurting his business. >> translation: before when someone was charged $500 it was without tax. now if they charge, 50 of that is taxed. >> reporter: many consumers say they don't mind the tax, but they would like to know exactly where the money is going. we hope that the government should provide details concerning how they collect and shown to people where the moneys are going to the treasury of government in the proper way. >> reporter: the tax was passed
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by presidential decree. the parliament says that's unconstitutional and voted against it asking the government to repeal it. >> translation: the main reason we rejected the tax is the government has no idea how much money the telephone companies are paying for the tax. are they really giving the 10% to the government? >> reporter: the tax continues to be collected. cell phones are a fixture of afghan life and despite the extra cost people continue to use them >> reporter: the government says it is addressing concerns about where the tax is going. they say it is a first step for the country becoming fiscally independent. afghanistan's new president and chief executive told international donors at a conference last year that they would work to make sure that the government raised more revenue. this tax is one of those commitments that we have given to our international allies, that we will stand up on our own
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feet, and we should utilise our own resources in order to deal with other budget expenditures. >> reporter: many sellers like this man are not optimistic that will work. the government says it is working building an actable revenue system japan is to restart whale hunting in the antarctic ocean. 333 minke whales would be hunted for scientific research. teachers in south korea are being warned that they will face court action unless they stop protests over a new history
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textbook. they say the book contains distorted facts. >> reporter: teachers taking to the streets on the issue dominating south korean politics. by choosing to protest these men and women are laying themselves on open to prosecution. their strict employment says strict neutrality. there were many summoned for police questioning. >> translation: it's not possible to oppose the textbook without criticising the government. they proceeding with this plan to hold on to power forever. >> reporter: south korea's main opposition party is taking to displaying the current history books which the government says are left leaning. what do they really say?
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the education book talks of allow level problems in the run up to the war and states north korea allegation arm created an act of aggression. another book describes the birth of north corey's ideology which brought in stability but weakened the response to the outside world. what is common to meself books the way they describe the 1961 power as a coup while much led to political repression as well an improvement to people's every day livelihoods. he happens to be the father of the current president. he has characterised identified the drive the teaching. >> translation: it would be difficult for students to learn from the current textbooks to have a sense of pride about south korea. instead, they've asked why hasn't we done better and end up with self-tormenting
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self-critical views. >> reporter: the president's criticss say she is following the lead of her father by stiff eling. >> translation: today in south korea even the government has to resolve issues between legal parameters. it is different from the past. the lack of dialogue between the government and its critics is worrying. the government says it wants to instill new generations with a sense of parade in their past. it has exposed the deep divisions of its present there's growing excitement that a major discovery of the tomb of queen queen queen
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nefertiti. they say they're almost certain that tootankarmin's tomb could lead to a hidden chamber that holds her crypt. on the western wall potentially leading through an additional tootankarmin period storeroom labelled x in the cut away bottom left here, and that on the north to a corridor continuation of the tomb, level y. the proposal i put forward was that the burial of tootankarmin was a tomb within a tomb a new heavy weight champion. the british boxer extends his unbeaten records to 25 wins. all the hard work has been
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rewarded with these belts. this has been the icing moment on the cake, something i've been working towards my whole life. in the ring it was definitely a jerry maguire for me. he was quick with his hands and his body movement and his head movement, i couldn't land the right punches. i congratulate him tonight. he won the fight and to be continued thousands of butterflies have arrived in ini can't. they-- india. scientists say that an estimated one billion butterflies made the
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journey in 1996 but that number plumed to about 35 million. they blame that on human activities such as pesticides, loss of habitat and climate change. much more news at our websites. take a look at intersection of hardware and humanity but we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science, by scientists. tonight: trash. it's everywhere. >> what's the out put of this facility? >> landfills overflowing. >> it just smells so bad. >> but some of our trash ...


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