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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  November 29, 2015 4:00pm-5:01pm EST

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this is al jazeera. ♪ ♪ hello there, i am barbara serra, welcome to the news hour live from london. coming up in the next 60 mission, russia is blamed for an air strike which kills at least 44 people in a crowded marketplace in syria. the e.u. leaders strike a deal with turkey offering cash and closer ties in return for help with the refugees crisis. clashes in paris as worldwide demonstrations take place over climate change. a message of forgiveness and
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reconciliation, the pope opens ban gee's holy door in the central african republic. i am rob i had adams in doha. great britain's 79 yearlong wait for davis cup glory is finally over. action from the final day's play in belgium coming up later in the program. ♪ ♪ russia is being blamed for an air strike that killed at least 44 people at a busy mark place in northern syria. if russian war planes are behind the attack, it would be one of the deadliest incidents since the country began its campaign two months ago. the marketplace is in idlib province. hashem reports from the turkey-jeasyrian border.
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>> reporter: this man is lucky to have survived. and yet cut ens more syrians are dead. in poorly-equipped make-shift hospitals, medic says struggle to deal with the eye number of casualties these images have been part of life since the russian air strikes began. opposition fighters accuse russia of carrying out this attack as wellal the syrian government and russia have maintained that their targets are what they call terrorists. but activists say, hundreds of civilians, including children, have been killed in recent weeks of ins 10 bombardment by russian jets. and the syrian air force. this town is important for being close to the turkish border and an entry point in idlib province. it was the last city the government lost to rebels when they took over in may.
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syrian officials say it was captured by the armed group al-nusra front. and despite losing control of most of the country, president bashar al-assad and his allies insist he is vital to the fight against groups like isil. but the syrian opposition along with their western and gulf allies, don't agree. >> translator: today the syrian people have a number of priorities, number one is bashar al-assad must leave. the second is to uproot terrorism. we must take these matters in to consideration while ponder on the ground a diplomatic solution. >> reporter: and while the political solution appears to be limited to discussions, on the ground the assad government is finding it hard to retain control of areas it returned from opposition fighters in aleppo but it's air superiority helped by russian air strike is
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his no mass for those who want to get rid of president bashar al-assad. the latest escalation in violence in syria raises concerns of a wider conflict. but many say as long as countries like russia and turkey remain divide odd on how to solve the syrian crisis, fighting will continue and more people are likely to die. hashem, al jazeera, on turkey's border with syria. al jazeera is in there which he says is not a place where isil is active. >> translator: the timing of the raid was the early hours of the morning when the marketplace was very busy. it was hit by two missiles in one raid. separated by 50 meters. it has left huge destruction and large numbers of people were killed and injured. it has been under the opposition control since may. and there is no presence of isis at all in this area.
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russian raids have intensed fire on the northern parts of syria on many front, which are heavily populated residential areas. housing all those did he policed from hama and aleppo. the people here, civil defense and medical staff are outraged by the russian strikes because they target civilian areas. the air strike did not target military positions belonging to opposition groups. most of the targets were civilians. >> the syrian observatory of human rights has already accused russia of killing more than 400 civilians. it says that russia has hit 2,000 targets since it began its bombing campaign in late september. now compare to that to the u.s. coalition which has conducted nearly 3,000 strikes in syria over the entire year. but it's a syrian government that has done by far the most damage with an estimated 42,000 airstrikes in just one year.
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for more now on russia's campaign in syria i am joined by a senior policy fellow at the european council of foreign relations. madam, thank you so much for joining us hero al jazeera. we don't really know whether this air strike which killed 44 people was actually done by russia. that's what the accusation is. but we are seeing these statistics by the syrian an serve torre for human rights accusing russia of killing more than 400 civilians already and it's only been two months. how does this news, the news showing the so-called collateral damages it has been called in the past, of course civilian lives, how do these sorts of stories, what impact do they have on the russian public? >> i think that they are not big news in russia. russian tv is heavily state controlled and embarrassing things such as i as attacking civilians is not big news on russian tv. they would rather show russian attacks on military objects. they show them in every way.
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russians take pride in russia waging an american-style war in syria. >> something else that i think is very interesting is just how many targets they have hit. so 2,000 in two months, compared to the u.s. coalition, 3,000 over a whole year. obviously rush is going in very hard. what do you think is their end game? we have been discussing this since they started this. what do you think is their ultimate aim? >> russia wants to boost up the assad regime so as to make it the only alternative to isil and make everyone in the west see it the same way. that there is no third option. no so-called moderate opposition who could take power instead of the regime. if u to fight isil you need to support the regime. >> assad has been in a prepare youngs position for a long time now. russia was cal van nuysed from the downed jet in st. petersburg, you say their ultimate aim is to bolster
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assad. which kind of makes wonder what would happen if the west ever did manage to topple assad. >> no, russia intervened when assad was at his weakest. president putin is the best at supporting the moment. it was when the west was overwhelmed by the refugees crisis. everyone understood that something needed to be done in syria to deal with the root causes of the refugees crisis. i don't think the plane crash in the sinai had any affect in russia. terrorism in russia doesn't do it. they have been exposition today to it for more than 20 years it's bad to say that they are used to it. but there have been case as lot worse than this plane crash. and likewise russian government they use terrorist attacks at home or abroad to boost their existing policies. but they almost never have caused a policy change. i cannot remember. >> going back to the issue of
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assad. because in the report we heard how the people that want assad to go still want that very, very badly. so would russia just not let the west win, if you see what i mean? if it did look like assad was falling, do you think we would really see the intensification of what is obviously a proxy war in syria? >> possibly. russia tries to wipeout the third option so that the west would have no one to rely on. but, of course, russia itself might underestimate the power of society. that's a big blind spot. they don't understand that people might just refuse to accept certainly leaders. and then you need to deal with those people. and that is something that russia has always failed to calculate. so that might well be the case here too. >> senior policy fellow at the european council of foreign relations. madam, thank you so much for having joined us. israeli forces have shot dead a palestinian teenager during protests in northeastern jerusalem. earlier another palestinian man
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was killed by israeli forces after allegedly carrying out a stab ago tack in east jerusalem. the man is accused of targeting a policeman. in a separate us end incident the teenager stabbed and lightly wounded a woman at a bus station in jerusalem before being arrested. 103 palestinians and 21 israelis have been killed in the wave of violence that began last month. israel says it's suspending the european union's role in the peace process with the palestinians. it sites the e.u. labeling of exports from settlements as the reason for the move. earlier this month, the e.u. issued new guidelines for the labeling of some products made in israeli settlements in the occupied west bank. agagricultural produce and cosmetics sold in e.u. member states approximate must now have clear labels showing their place of origin. turkey's prime minister has secured a $3.2 billion deal with e.u. leaders to seal this
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country's border with greece to stop or slow the flow of refugees. at the summit in brussels the turkish prime minister also negotiated a possible speed up of visa-free travel for his citizens but only if certainly conditions are are met. he described the summit as a success saying it has also reenergized his country's bid to join the e.u. which had previously been frozen. >> now we, together with the e.u., we decided to have a mechanism, a joint action plan together how to deal with this crisis. how to prevent new waves of refugees. how to manage the existing refugees crisis. and how to work together. this 3 billion euro is no not gn to turkey. it's given to syrian refugees. and it is the main theory here is burden sharing. and also resettlement and other practical issues will be
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consulted in the future. turkey is ready to cooperate with every country individually and with e.u. in general. the president of the european council donald tusk explained that in exchange for turkey's help, discussion on his their passage to membership of the e.u. would be opened up. >> let me state clearly that we do not expect anyone to guard our bodders for us. that can and should only be done by europeans. but expect a major step towards changer the rules of the game when it comes to stemming the migration flow that is coming to the "u" via turkey. our agreement sets out a clear plan for the tombly reestablishment of order from our shared [ inaudible ] we will step up our assistance to syrian refugees in turkey through a new refugees facility of 3 billion
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euros. turkey remains a key strategic part of europe. but also a candidate country of the e.u. we agreed that the action session process needs to be reenergized. >> sir, thank you so much for being with us here on al jazeera. on the face it have it does look like a mutually beneficial relationship the e.u. gets the migration issue to be less of a pressure, turkey gets 3 billion euros, $3.2 billion, i guess the question is, will it work? is it in the benefit of syrian refugeess? >> yeah, i mean, it is good, you mentioned syrian refugees there. because in my opinion, there are three parties in this deal. one is turkly, obviously, the other one is e.
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the e.u. both parties may declare victory. but for syrians i don't think it is a good deal. and i don't think this deal will work anyway because migration from syria, like in many other parts of the world, is driven by conflict. and until you sort out this conflict once and for all you can't stop migration. [speaking at the same time] >> they did admit, you need to stop conflict. when you said you don't think it will work. it's not going to be to the benefit of syrian refugees, why do you say that? >> because 3 billion euros is a small amount when you consider nearly 3 million refugees in turkey, about 2.2 million maybe more syrian refugees. when you think about those in camps only, you are still looking at .3 million. >> he did say i think that turkey had already spent $8 billion on that.
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so in the light of that, why would turkey sign up? as you say, 3 billion relatively speaking isn't that much. we don't have a time frame. obviously there is no end in sight for syria. >> exactly. >> so is it really all about e.u. membership for turk any. >> yeah, this is the point where turkey may seem meaning in the deal. turkey is hoping from this kind of a deal they will get visa-prix travel. and that is more or less something important in domestic politics. but overall it doesn't mean turkey will become a member. and we have so many what the teres unopen with the e.u. accession process and, that will be only the second one opening next month. and maybe one or two in the next year. so it is still a very long way in terms of e.u. membership, you know, target. so for syrian refugees, why i am saying it's not enough, it is not a good deal because turkey now is bullied by e.u., technically bullied by e.u. to
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close its borders to syrians, who are running away from war. that's not a good deal. >> that leads to the question, obviously we have seen pretty much the inability of the e.u. to deal with this issue as a block we have seen, you know, the emotions hardening in a lot of countries, especially eastern europe towards refugees. do you think now this gives the e.u. a chance to shirk its humanitarian responsibility, to say we paid 3 billion euros now it's up to turkey and they are not really going to step up to the plate on a humanitarian -- >> yeah, exactly. that's the deal really. e.u. will have an opportunity to say, when it doesn't work, they will say it's turkey's responsibility now, they are doing their deal, their part. but, i mean, turkey knows they can't stop it. e.u. knows they can't stop it either. and there are so many other examples armed the world. countries building walls, fences, it doesn't work. >> just very briefly. presumably this will stop the desperate people trying to cross the mediterranean which we are
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still seeing happen now as winter approaches. or do you not even think that? >> no, i don't evening think that. there are already more than 2 million in turkey. and many millions are trying to get in turkey or through turkey to e.u. and there is a huge border on the seaside and on the land side with bulgaria and greece. turkey cannot possibly put a soldier or police in every meter of it. so it will continue. and it will create more tragedy because now i am sure syrians are watching these, you know, news and not with optimism because they will see turkey will, you know, increase their security controls and, you know, patrols on these borders and they will take everybody more drastic measures to get through these security controls. >> it will be interesting. >> that will create more tragedy. >> it will be interesting to see what the immediate impact will be from this deal. sir, thank you.
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>> thank you very much. staying with turkey the country has recovered the body of a russian pilot whose plane was shot down by the turkish military on the syrian board ore tuesday. he was received at an airport in turkey and will be flown ba baco rushing a ankara refuses to apologize. a saturday president putin ordered economic sanctions against turk any response. still to come on the al jazeera news hour, voters in burkina faso await the results of the first elections after a year of political turmoil. building barriers to unity, we example impact of israel's separation barrier in the occupied west bank. and nico rosburg makes it three wins in a row as the curtain comes down on a memorable formula one season. robin has that and the rest of the day's sport coming up later. ♪ ♪
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♪ but first, on the eve of the cop 21 talks getting under way, 10s of thousands of protesters around the world have organized marches and demonstrations to demand a comprehensive climate deal. in paris, around 100 people were arrested and police used tear gas to break up a gathering which had been banned under the current emergency laws. but elsewhere the demonstrations were noisy, but peaceful. paul brennan reports. >> reporter: as the global leaders gather and the negotiations get underway, there has been a massive show of expectation from the streets of europe. london saw the biggest single gathering, more than 50,000 people brighten aid gray and windy day with colorful course tools and a unified demand for a comprehensive climate deal. >> we need to change. and there is no time better than now. >> a lot of big business and oil lobbyists but we have to try, haven't we? >> i have never done anything
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like this at all before in high life. but you come to a point where you have to do something. >> reporter: also there with a fashion designer vivian westwood with the oscar winning actress emma thompson and the sing and activist party gabriel. >> politicians are certainly becoming aware that a lot of the people of the planet are really worry about this issue. and really feel it's a serious threat, so hopefully they will respond. and i think that's part of the aim of this march and these marches going on all over the world. >> reporter: what is striking is the number of different groups as you come together today you wered one banner of flighting climate change, there are animal conservation charities, there is water and energy lobby groups and unions, families and individuals too. the message from these protesters to the politicians meeting in paris is clear, do a deal and do a deal that will last. the atmosphere in paris host city of the talks began peacefully. with public protest protests bad since the paris attacks some
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10,000 people instead placed pair of empty shoes. but later the mood turned violent when police fired tear gas to break up protesters who threw glass bottled and other projectiles, around 100 arrests were made. in the greek capital agent ens, demonstrations convened outside parliament. many expressing solidarity with the demonstrators banned from marching in paris. >> it's a global celebration day. in paris they can walk for the climate we can do it for them on their behalf. today is a day where citizens from under a the globe are sending a clear message to government. >> reporter: there were similar gatherings in europe. in madrid and cities is up as barcelona, and saville. more than 10,000 people congregate ed in berlin, with speeches demanding ambitious climate tagger that's will make a real difference. and in brussels, demonstrators bypassed a ban on large
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gatherings by spreading out in a human chain containing around 2,000 protesters. the calls have been loud and clear. it's now up to global leaders and their negotiators to try to make those ambitions a reality. paul brennan, al jazeera, london. well, the process of reaching an agreement on claim ahead change is inevitably challenging. al jazeera's nick clark sent us this report from paris. >> reporter: final preparations are made, the finishing touches applied, in a bizarre tradition of the world of diplomacy this little corner of france becomes u.n. territory for the duration of the conference. and it is indicative of just how anticipate third degree events is, when the u.n. climate chief is pursued by the media throng just go going on a tour of the site. well then what, can we expect? >> what is being finalized here in paris over the in effect two weeks is none other than the second legally binding instrument under the convention that will then go in to effect
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in 2020 once we are through with the protocol. >> reporter: but many are asking to what extent can any paris agreement be legally binding? there are no end of obstacles in the way. this time world leaders are coming at the beginning of the conference rather than at the end which is normal procedure in a bid to build much-needed momentum. leam, a warsaw, doha, the infamous copenhagen in denmark the previous climate summit's trip off the tongue as a role call of inaction and little progress. and all the signs says there is no time it lose, from wild fires to cyclones. the evenings of extreme weather are evident. oceans are warming, seas are rising. the target is to stop temperatures increasing beyond two degrees celsius over preindustrial levels. beyond that the affects could be globally cat strove i can. catastrophic. jim hansen a scientist who has been warning since the 1990 glz
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>> if paris goes where it appears to be headed with no global reductions in emissions then our children and grandchildren will inherit a situation out of their control. the ocean will keep getting warmer. ice sheets will begin to melt faster and faster. and our coastal cities will be doomed. >> reporter: nearly every country at the negotiations has put forward proposals on how they plan to keep emissions down. the trouble, is they are not enough. >> the commitments are something like three degrees warming over preindustrial times. and just to give a sense of perspective, right now we are at one degree. and at one degree we are already seeing the hottest year ever. last year was also the hottest year ever. next year will also be very hot. we are seeing record storms, droughts, heat waves, and other freak weather events that sign tiffs tell us are all about climate change.
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>> reporter: the challenges are enormous. the debate will be hard and furious over the coming days in the search for a united front against climate change. nick clark, al jazeera, paris. >> joining us live now on skype from paris is the global climate and energy leader of the world wildlife fund samantha smith who we saw in that report just now. miss smith, thank you so much for joining us here on al jazeera. now, you mentioned that the challenges are enormous. we have also seen the public really care this time. and a lot of people as we saw in previous reports, really take to the streets trying to put pressure on their politicians. but ultimately do you think that will be enough to get the kind of agreement out of paris that the world needs? >> so it was amazing to see how many people, and people of all kinds as you heard, grandparents, families, union leaders, people from environmental organizations, youth, people turned out to show that they want action on climate from their leaders.
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now, what will they get? i think what we'll see tomorrow when over 150 world leaders get in to town, we will see really strong political signals from some of them. signals which can be new commitments on finance, on cutting emissions, getting more renewable energy. getting out of fossil fuels and protecting forests. and then we'll see two weeks of negotiations, where negotiators will have to take those signals and turn them in to a document that is going to help us stay under two degrees. >> and i guess the key element of that document is that it has to be and here is the magic word coming up over the past few days, legally binding. how crucial do you think it is that it's legally binding? we could see news conferences at the end of the paris summit of people saying, yes, well do our best. if it's not legally binding it will not be worth the paper it's written on. >> the absolute most important thing is the country walk out of here and they actual with urgency and ambition.
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and if they need a legally binding agreement to do that, that's one thing. but what we are seeing already is the countries are putting things on the table, starting to deliver on them without necessarily having all pieces in the legally binding agreements in place. >> so let me just -- let me just make that clear then, so you don't think that there necessarily needs to be a legally binding agreement for change to happen and to keep us within the two degrees celsius rise? >> we would love to see a legally binding agreement. what we think we are going to see is an agreement where some parts it have are binding and some parts are not. what we also see is that even in the run up to the cop, we see countries taking action, and cities taking action, workers and unions making commitments on climate. we see business doing the same thing. so overall we see a picture where a lot of change is happening and energy transition is starting.
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and we hope we are going to get a fair ambitious and transformational agreement. my question of bindingness is complicated, right? as we said some parts will be binding, some parts we are pretty sure won't be. >> samantha smith, global and climate energy initiative from the world wildlife fund, madam, thank you. >> thank you very much. still much more to come here on the al jazeera news hour, including heavy fighting in gem en's divided city of taiz forces more than 30 hospitals to close leaving civilians even more vulnerable. we'll tell you why they call this peru's wall of shame. and in sport, real madrid attempt to close the gap on spanish league leaders barcelona. we'll tell you if they managed to do it later in sport.
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>> hundreds of thousands of people became disenfranchised and took to insurgency. >> from their beginnings in the iraq war... >> when the americans landed in iraq they overturned a centuries old system of power. >> to the front lines of syria. >> those atrocities primed them for when isil came knocking and said "we're your savior". >> the untold story of isil and the fight against terror. >> this is going to be a real time bomb. ♪ ♪ time now for a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. russia is being blamed for an air strike that has killed eight least 44 people at a busy
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marketplace in northern syria. turkey's prime minister has secured a $3.2 billion deal with e.u. leaders to seal his country's border with greece to stop or at least slow the flow of refugees. more than 10,000 pairs of shoes have been used to represent absent demonstrators who were forbidden from marching against climate change in paris. this happened ahead of the start of the summit on monday. after kenya and uganda, the pope is now visiting the central african republic, the final stop of his african tour. the decade's old conflict there has taken an increasingly religious emphasis. >> reporter: the c cathedral was attacked last year the 15 killed within had sought refuge. on sunday pope francis preached we go sell yags here. >> to all those that you weapons
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lay down those weapons of death. arm yourselves instead with righteousness, with love and mercy. they are guarantors of peace. >> reporter: and pope francis performed the ritual of opening the doors of a jubilee year of mercy 10 days early than scheduled. religious differences are not the source of the conflict. that lies in a succession of authoritarian regimes supported by former colonial power france. the plundering of the country's nation resources and regional proxy wars. but in the last few years, religion has been exploited by enemies of a peaceful settlement to divide the country further. about 80% of this country is christian, 15% muslim, and 5% [ inaudible ] despite reports of warnings from french peacekeepers the pope hopes visit a mosque on monday. >> he believes going to the periphery, to those in need to ignite inter-religious negotiations is the way forward
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for peace for the country. >> reporter: some 450,000 have been displatessed in the latest up surge of fighting. pope francis visited a camp that's home to 4,000. he spoke in c.a.r.'s primary language. >> translator: we are all brothers. >> reporter: another first to a pope in an african war zone. polls have now closed in enter keno faso where people have been choosing their first new president in three decades as well as a new parliament. the election follows a year of political turan oil after a popular uprising toppled longstanding leading blaise compaore. our correspondent mohammed adow has more from the capital. >> reporter: voters in burkina faso cast ballots in what has been called the first truly open election in their nation's history. crowds of the voters lined up at poll stations from daybreak
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patiently waiting to vote. 5 1/2 million people have registered in more than 7 1/2 thousand polling stations for for the first time in 50 years no one can predict who the winner will be, 14 candidates are running for the presidency. this is one of the front runners. >> translator: this is an important election for our country. it's the first time in nearly 50 years our people will have a civilian president. i call on people to come out and vote. >> reporter: the election also marks the end of the transitional period of the blaise compaore's are you move from office last year. he was one of africa's longest-serving presidents before stepping down after a popular uprising. the vote was to have been held last month. but was delayed by a failed coup in september. led by members of the elite presidential guard. with blaise compaore dominating politics for the last three decades, past elections in burkina faso have been markeddey
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low majority turn out and apathy. many people did not feel the need to vote in elections they already considered won. and today many burkina people are voting for the first time in their lives. this 30-year-old is one of them. >> we didn't think in the past that the vote can change anybody here. we grow up and we had the same president. we are voting and voting, and talking dirks am talking about people, and things don't change. >> reporter: the regional economic block is monitoring the votes. so are hundreds of african union and local observers. >> translator: voting has been smooth. and if things go the way they are, this looks to be a free and pair process. -- free and fair process. >> reporter: security has been tightened with more than 25,000 soldiers di deployed across the country. a winning candidate needs more than 50% of the vote toll avoid a run off. which would be held 15 days
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after the first round results are released. but many here hope they will have a president from the first round. mohammed adow, al jazeera,. iraqi officials have discovered three more mass graves containing bodies of members of the minority yazidi community in northern iraq. 113 bodies were found in a village 12-kilometers south of the town of sinjar. a total of five mass graves have now been found. one of the graves was booby trapped with explosives. kurdish fighters recaptured the town from isil fighters earlier this month. in yemen, the saudi-led coalition has again hit the rebel-held capital sanaa. in some of the heaviest strikes in weeks. a special forces camp and weapons depot were targeted. areas around the presidential palace were also hit. huge explosions could be heard across the capital. further south, heavy fighting in the yemeni city of taiz has forced more than 30 hospitals
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and medical facilities to close. doctors warned that they also face an acute shortage of surprise. gerald tan reports now on the battle for the city and its impact on civilians. a warning, that some of the images in his report are disturbing. >> reporter: the fiercest of battles for taiz. witnesses tell al jazeera they have not experienced such heavy fighting before. the houthis and elite republican gart loyal to deposed president saleh have surrounded the city since march. but pro-government fighters supported by the saudi-led coalition are trying to break that hold over the weekend the coalition intensified aerial raids, destroyed a number of targets and killed houthi rebels trying to infiltrate residential areas. lives lost, but not just those engaged in fighting. this child tries to recount what
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happened to him just hours earlier. he and his friends were gather around a water delivery truck when they were hit by houthi shell. some of his friends died. many are critically wounded. hospitals and medical facilities in taiz are overwhelmed. more than 30 have been forced to shutdown. a doctor says only six remain in operation. >> translator: taiz hospitals are packed with the injured. we are facing an acute shortage of medical surprise and lack sufficient facilities. even as we speak, a massacre is being carried out by the militias on the western front. >> reporter: the humanitarian situation in taiz is getting worse by the day. many homes are without power. food and water are scarce. and surprise can't get in. taiz has long been reregarded as yemen's cultural capital. but there is a fear among residents that their children are growing up only exposed to a culture of weapons.
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gerald tan, al jazeera. there have been nationwide demonstrations in moldova with protesters demanding the right to directly elect their president. thousands turned out in the capital calling for better governance and denouncing corruption. anti--government rallies have been held now since september. protesting against a billion dollars about banking fraud that caused the currency to tumble and up flanges t inning flames . parts of crimea are in darkness for the eighth straight day as authorities struggle to restore power. residence are being forced to use power strips set up with generators provide booed a local company to charge their phones. other have had to form long queues outside the few petrol stations still open. the russian-annexed territory lost power more than a week ago after two pylons supplying electricity from ukraine were blown up. sunday is u.n. solidarity day with the palestinian people.
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as they seek to establish a viable state, the facs on the gd are making it lesley. stopping a section of the walk built through bethlehem's valley bull as stephanie decker reports, work is already underway. >> reporter: work has started in the valley under armed protection. the foundation being laid for more separation. palestinians have submitted an appeal to the high court to try to stop the walk built through bethlehem. it's been a long battle. >> this is the only remaining open space to gentleman rice legal. it's green. it is ag agricultural. it is owned, and the serious problem that this land is owned and has its papers 58 christian families own this valley, plus the brothers who have 700
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[ inaudible ] for their vineyards where this he produce wine. >> reporter: they have started building the wall over there and pan till generals fear once it's complete it will cut across this valley and confiscating large parts of what is seen as the last green area of bethlehem. there are two illegal israeli settlements on that hill. and palestinians are convinced this move is all about a land grab. but israel says the separation wall is need today security reasons. there is a monastery here a nunnery and a school for girls. the israeli high court has ruled the monastery and nunnery should not be separated which was the case under the original routing plan. but it's still not clear what path this wall will take. prayers have been taking place in protests every week. but it seems these may go unanswered. we are told there is a wider religious implication if this call is completed. >> bethlehem is the twin city of
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jerusalem. in bethlehem, christian wise, the moment of the that tiff at this and church of the that tiff at this is? bethlehem and the church of the holy accept los angeles curr is in jerusalem. the path of faith is fully breached. >> reporter: a delegation has been to the vatican to discuss this issue with the pope. but the facts on the ground are already changing. if this wall cuts across the land it's described to us by people here as the last nail in the cross of bethlehem. stefanie dekker, bethlehem in the occupied west banks. >> from the wall to a wall in the middle of peru's capital lima which has been dividing neighbors for decades. some say it was built to prevent crime, while others say it was a way to separate poor areas from the rich. at 10 feet high with barbed wire it's become an example of the continuing problems of inequality and lack of security in the region. marry an a sanchez has more now
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from lima. >> reporter: it's 10-kilometers long and many call it the wall of shame. on one side a rich neighborhood, on the other, among the poorest areas of lima. the gap between the rich and poor in peru is among the highest in latin america. nowhere is that more clear than here. he has been watching the walk built over the last 30 years. >> translator: the wall was built so the poor people couldn't cross in to the other side. >> reporter: over the years, the need for safety and security have justified the wall's existence for some. 10s of thousands of peruvians living in suburbs like this have illegally taken over public and private properties. like many here he and his family are living but on land that is still belonging to the rich side. >> translator: on the other side they have sewage, electricity and water. we can't have any of those services because we don't have property titles.
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>> reporter: his residents says it is wrong to call it the wall of shame. >> translator: there are walls everywhere in the city. it's not discriminatory when we divide next door neighbors. however on the other side it's considered discriminatory because it divides us from poor people. >> reporter: the national institute of statistics says 30% of lima's 10 million residents have been a victim of some form of crime. and many across the capital have built security barriers around their properties. we are about one kilometer downhill from the so-called wall of shame and you can hear in this poor neighborhood people are living in gated communities because of the insecurity. millions of peruvians still live in poor conditions and crime is high. as a result of a lack of urban planning says architect javier societso.t.a. >> leave a is one of the most up secure cities because of crime.
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the elite and poor enclose themselves with the walls to defend themselves. >> reporter: the government says it's taking action by increasing police presence in some areas and better training for its officers. back at home he understands how some may see the wall as being discriminatory. but it's not important for him. for him it's about having safety for his family, so much so that his wife has to stay home to protect what little they own rather than going to work to earn a living. mary ann a sanchez, al jazeera, lima, peru. still lots more to come here on al jazeera, including as millions of butterflies prepare to make their annual migration to mexico, we find out what is causing their numbers to fall. [cheering and applause] >> find out how much this man lifted to break the world record in weight lifting. sport is coming up next.
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♪ ♪ okay, times to get out the sport now. here is robben. barbara, thank you very much. tennis first, an andy murray has inspired great britain to win the davis cup for the first time in 79 years. the world number two reverse singles game against del jam's david to get brit able 3-1 win in the best of five tie. >> reporter: five years ago great britain faced relegation to the fourth tier of davis cup tennis. now the team has their hands on
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the famous old trophy for the first time since 1936 in the days of fred perry and bonnie austin. fred was the late toast win the men's singles title until andy murray came along with his starring role in this david cup campaign storing 11 out of 12 total points, murray has once again written himself in to british tennis history. having given britain a two of had run lead with their win in saturday's doubles along with brother jamie, murray the world number two, was up against belgian's david, the world number 16 in the first of the reverse singles. the gap in class showing as murray won the first set 6-3. a straightforward british win looking on the cards. but the davis cup rarely works that way. as david roared on by the gel january fans took a 4-3 lead in the second set. murray's big-game temperament then came in to its own as he
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first broke the belgian's serve and then took the set 7-5. for a two-sets to love lead. while this was belgian's first davis company final appearance since 1904 and david was determined to match his opponents. an early break in the third set had the home fans hoping for a comeback, but once again, murray snuffed them out. having broken back the scott found himself at match point at 5-3 in the third set. the final point arguably producing the rally of the match. murray winning it and the match and great britain's 10th davis cup title making them the third most successful team in davis country history. >> you know, everyone -- i think everyone who has played has played at an unbelievably high level. we have had all chances in almost every single match that we have played. yeah, i can't believe we did it. >> in terms of davis cup titles it's the u.s. who are the most successful with 32 wins, australia come next with 28. great britain third with 10
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victories. france dropped down to forthwith nine wins. ironically, britain beating all three of those countries on their way to the 2015 title. andy murray has acknowledged that his focus on the davis cup affected his form in the slams this season but with this victory, he can now concentrate on adding to those two grand slam titles and on this form, you wouldn't bet against him. al jazeera. the formula one season has come to a close with nico rosburg winning his third race in a row for the first time in his career, once again it was an all her sailed is front row with rosburg just ahead of teammate and world champion lewis hamilton. while the mercedes made a clean get away, it was all action behind them at the mcclaren of fernando alonzo clashed the lotus' pastor. the mcclaren was clipped by a williams. i tell you what, at the front two her aid sadies -- two
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mercedes were having their own personal battle. rosburg leading a her side is one, two, hamilton finishing the season with 381-point and 10 race wins ahead of rosburg with 322 and six wins. >> i am excited about how the end of the season went. next year can come any moment, you know, it could start tomorrow if it were for me. no problem, i don't need my holidays, but, no, it will be -- anyway, it's great to end the season like this, go on holiday like this. and thank you so much, you have been awesome again this weekend for all of your support and everything, thanks to my team absolutely stun, stunning car you have all given me today. football now. real madrid closed the kappa barcelona to just six points on sunday. easing the pressure on boss rafah benitez the two goals being scored by the two most expensive players, gareth bale and christian know ronaldo.
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huhuh to have a were also winnes on sunday. athlete immaterial bill bay up to seventh with their 3-0 win. savilla beat valencia 1-0. four games in the english premier league on sunday. liverpool up is six, while arsenal drew at norwich and tottenham and chelsea played a goalless draw in the london derby. >> i think if we deserve credit to keep the clean sheet and, i think we do, i think tottenham deserves even more credit to keep the clean sheet. because we were the most dangerous team. and we had the best chances. and the goalkeeper, with the more work and was the goalkeeper with the save of the game. so i think congratulations to them. golf now. winning the alfred daniel championship in south africa. the opening event of the new european tour season. the 31-year-old u.s. masters
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champion led by three shots going in sunday's final round at leopard creek. increased that to four shots by the end of his final round of 70 giving him a 273 total of 15 under par. his fourth victory in this event. west indies cricket dealt a blame or blowing, the star spinner has been ban today bowling in international match says. >> reporter: he is the number oned ranked bowl in it. 20 and one-day crick he want he was expected to be part of the squad for the defense of the world it. 20 title in india next march of but his participation is now in serious doubt. he would be happy to fight vladimir klischko again says tyson fury. he was speaking after he wanting klischko's nine-year rein as world champion. fury is now the wba, ibf. and wb on. champion. the fight went the full 12 round.
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in düsseldorf in germany and had to be decided to points, klischko hasn't been beaten in 11 years before this bought. but it was english fighter fury who was awarded the title by unanimous descension, fury extends his unbeaten record to 25 wins and no losses. >> i aim young, big, fast heavyweight, so congratulations to vlad because he landed some great punch on his me tonight. but tonight just wasn't his night and it was my night. god gave me the victory tonight. so i hope to have many more defenses of these titles in the future. and if i could just say one thing, if i could be half as goods a champion as vladimir klischko i would be very, very happy. there has been a new heavyweight world record in weight lifting russia's alexei was competing in the 105-kilogram and over category at the world championships. he lifted 264-kilos in the clean and jerk. breaking the previous record by one. that combined with his opening
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lift helped him to goal 250 days after the rio olympics. the medalist also getting a cowboy hat and a yellow rose for their efforts in texas. good stuff. that's your sport. back to barbara in london. >> robben, thank you. every winter millions of monarch butterflies my great thousands of kilometers from canada to mexico. but their numbers are dwindling because of logging and the use of farm chemicals. rob matheson has more. >> reporter: a sanctuary after a journey of thousands of kilometers. these monarch butterflies have flown from the coached a canadian winter to the warm temperatures of mexico. >> translator: this is a pilgrimage. they cross 5,000-kilometers from canada to here. so we are taking care of them so that this continues. we keep protecting their areas here in the sierra. >> reporter: in the last 20 years, the butterflies numbers have gone down, in
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19,961,000,000,000 of them made the annual flight to mexico. last year there were around 35 million. the drop has been flame odd illegal tree cutting a as well as increased use of pesticides and climate change. large areas of milk weed plants where the butterflies lay their eggs have been destroyed. but the u.s., canada and mexico have been planting more tries and tightening restriction on his logging and the use of chemicals. >> translator: it is our responsibility to take care of these kinds of places. there are very few such places in the world. two or three maybe, and it's amazing to see these butterflies arrive. >> reporter: environmental assists and mexico -- in mexico hope this year those changes will mean millions more monarch butterflies and even more tourists. rob matheson, al jazeera. more news in just a few minutes, hope you'll join me then. bye-bye.
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>> half a million fields will lie fallow. >> if we had another year of this severe drought, i'd say all bets are off.
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russia is blamed for an air strike which killed at least 44 people in a crowded marketplace in syria hello, i'm barb barbara sara, you are washing al jazeera from london turkey - cash and closer ties in return for help with the refugee crisis flashes in paris as worldwide demonstrations take place over climate

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