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tv   Ali Velshi on Target  Al Jazeera  November 30, 2015 6:30am-7:01am EST

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>> that bit of land was open, and when the people went to occupy the land, the city were supposed to have sent law enforcement or send our way or send authority itself. >> reporter: last year over 800 people e vicked from the property and housed in a local community ward and they temporarily returned about half of them to their homes providing them with water and some sanitation. but those not provided for moved back here illegally stretching already limited resources and 14 informal settlements just like this one in the area alone and residents say there is desperate need for housing and with no where to go and he and his family have been living here two years and city of cape town says he will be relocated to a new
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site this month. >> promising and since they promise they will say this place didn't do it and the only promise they kept is they kept their toilets for the last day. >> and rapid organization say it's not developed enough and estimated 1.6 million for informal settlements. >> investing in 2-3 million houses, amazing achievement and building one house at a time is just not sustainable and the other constraint is the fact the private sector has not figured out a model for picking that demand up. >> government promised to build
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1.4 million homes and for him his dream is a simple one. >> war time and sanitation is all we need and waiting for it to come true in the western cape. >> u.s. republican presidential frontrunner donald trump is refusing to back down of the latest controversial comments and says he was 100% right when he said he saw muslims cheering the 9-11 attacks during the same speech he appeared to make fun of a disabled reporter and denies doing so and despite a series of guests continues to hold a wide lead among republic voters. a prototype that can deliver
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small parcels and can fly 24 kilometers and finalize rules allowing commercial drone use over the next 12 months and google and wall mart are also delivering packages. gold into funding for the company and gold back bonds on monday and is not buying it and indians had a love affair with gold with wealth and display of social status is a way of saving, estimated $1 trillion of gold sitting idle in homes and temples and here is why bank accounts are hard to get in india and gold offers appealing way for saving without paying tax and the price of gold dipped sharply since the peak in 2012 it is still a safe, physical
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investment and government wants to channel some of the estimated 20,000 tons of gold into the formal financial system but as we explain so far things have not gone as planned. >> reporter: gold is big business in india and used on daily life and big occasions as security and a sign of pros party and now the government wants some of that wealth to be put in the system and created several new mechanisms such as depositing gold for interest and people here will need some persuading to hand over the most precious of metals even those who think it's a good idea. >> translator: it sounds good but most people don't know about it and we will only put our gold in if we believe our family will benefit from the scheme. >> reporter: gold holes a special significance in indian culture and it's not a mere
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commodity. >> translator: it's not just gold and people take care of their gold and there is a tradition of mothers passing their gold on to daughters. >> reporter: believe some of the new gold programs have not caught on. getting indians to part with their gold has not been easy and less than 500 grams of gold have been collected so far and other gold programs at best having a luke warm reception and pushing its plan to convert the private gold wealth into money for the economy because of the potential benefits. temples and homes hold an estimated 20,000 tons of metric gold worth 800 billion and if a fraction of that put in the system it would make india one of the top economies and could fund roads and buildings but some say the government program is not working. >> translator: the regular bank
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deposit rate is 7-8 and the american gold is just 2.5%, that is too low, if it was higher maybe the scheme would be successful and the government also wants people to convert 22 karet ornament into 24 karet and charges are bound by the customer and the government has not make the calculations before launching the scheme and why it's not working. >> reporter: any gold deposited would have to first be melted down and processed at the owner's expense and that and widespread ignorance about the gold programs means people are not able to way the program's benefits to themselves or to the country. al jazeera, india. now the number of people leaving ing part rhea -- puerto
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rico and many are going to florida and could change the political landscape there. >> reporter: for years kissimmie, has been referred to as little puerto rico and popular taste of home but nothing small about the puerto rico community and growing at a pace not seen in decades. carol and her family arrived just weeks ago driven from puerto rico by a deepening financial crisis. >> it's hard and you have more opportunities and i can hear the turn and before the interview then i started working seven and now it's better. >> reporter: one of the first things carol did was when she moved is register to vote, puerto rico and by birth and a
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thousand families arriving each month that is significant. >> the highest concentration of people in the i-4 corridor. >> both political parties are aware of the growing voice this community has and voters are asking some searching questions. >> a lot of them are paying very close attention to where the candidates stand on helping puerto rico in order to support that candidate. >> reporter: essential florida has been pivotal in any general election but the latest wave of migration could make it more important and when they do vote they tend to do so in high numbers but new arrivals have no political affiliation making their votes even more vital and that is what mark is acutely aware of, historically they tend to vote for democratic party but with independent voters up for grabs he sees an unique opportunity. >> if the i-4 corridor wins
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osceola that is blueprint for other elections and if it's close and on the line what we do in osceola county can decide who we have as the next president. >> reporter: florida is now poised to become the state with the largest number of puerto rico people in the u.s. and thought exodus for the island will continue for sometime to come and growing number of new arrivals m cos growing political influence and may help those left behind, kissimmee, florida. looking to take you back to paris where we are seeing the world leaders giving speeches, setting the tone for two weeks of discussions on climate change and our correspondent nick clark is also in paris keeping across all the events there and a lot of leaders to get through today and the region of 140 and 150 and allotted three minutes each and seems they are already
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stretching that time limit. >> yeah, actually they started the speech and this is the second one and 147 to go and split them into two and keeping an eye on this because president obama is coming up, after the current speaker and 45 minutes behind and the first speaker went way over and he still has a big sheet of papers in his hand and it's going to be sometime but we will be hearing from president obama as soon as he comes on to the stage and a little bit after that one speaker after will be the chinese leader xi jinping and both of those statements will be interesting and more a rallying call and there was talk they will lay something on the table and not sure that will happen but it's all about trying to make sure that copenhagen doesn't happen again and the failure we saw in 2009 everybody here is frightened for that and
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want to go to paris with a meaningful agreement and the general view is there will be some kind of agreement but could be flimsy and could be weak and want everybody here desperately to beef it up but there is a long way to go before that happens. >> political will is there and exists at the conference and what exactly are they trying to come up with? >> the political will is certainly there and a lot of vested interest is the problem and people have to say they want to support the international movement against climate change but when it comes to the national commitment it's a different ball game and take india for example and trying to millions out of poverty and want to advance economically and adhere to everything that is going on as far as reducing admissions, that would become quite difficult in some people's view and others say technology will lead the way.
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what you have got is something like 183 i think it is countries out of 195 who put forward their submissions as to how they are prepared to reduce carbon emissions. remember the target is two degrees celsius and combined emissions being handed in amount to three degrees so one degree too much so they have to work here and have to work very hard to try and rachet that amount up so that the carbon e makess or i should say ratcheted it down so the temperature comes down to two degrees and want to rachet up their commitments and whether or not that will happen here is anybody's guess. the other thing is the question is legally binding nature of any agreement here. really to take effect is impressive and has to be a legally binding protocol and the
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united states will be discussing shortly, doesn't want to go down that route and could be elements with the u.s. chief envoy talked about having certain elements of the agreement to be legally binding but not all of that and where does that leave us, if we have an international binding agreement who polices it and how is it implemented and what punishments and all these questions need answers. >> the other issues is the fund isn't it developing nations say it's all very well for the developed world to cut emissions and we are e merging and trying to make progress and how do we use renewables and tell us about the fund, how much it's worth and how much agreement there is to actually put that on the table. >> well, the green climate fund
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was a good thing and developed countries would commit to $100 billion a year by the year 2020 but not much of that money has been seen since and hasn't been spent in precisely the way people envision, it's about whether or not if you want to spend it on litigation or adaptation and a lot more money has to come to the forum and there is another thing they need to sign and seal here to figure out where that money is coming from, how it's going to come in on a regular basis every year, $100 billion and in the scheme of things it sounds a lot but it's actually not that much. >> nick, we are talking a lot about figures and about two degrees and political will, it's easy in the mix, isn't it to forget what this actually means and what does a rise in temperature of two degrees actually mean for us, for the world in terms of our survival, in terms of species and
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diversity, can you fill us in a bit on that? >> right, so the two degrees celsius level is what has been set by scientists is the danger lies beyond which the affects of climate change can be catastrophic around the world and many sign tisz scientists say it's very bad and low lying nations especially in the pacific want to see the agreement focused on 1.5 degrees celsius and get it down to there otherwise island nations will disappear and two degrees c is the line or the benchmark everybody is aiming for and as i say all the emissions reductions that countries around the world are prepared to contribute so far leaves us at three degrees c so it's going to be too much and if you are three degrees c and talking about and already seeing effects of extreme weather and
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so forth and talking about flooding and wildfires and ice cap melting and sea level rise which is already happening and all evens will go on and on as they are mentioning. and as you lose the ice caps the rate in which you lose them increases so the sea level rises and a lot of people are saying, a lot of people are saying that if the ice caps melt we get coastal cities are in trouble and go under water and become entirely dysfunctional, that is a problem. >> depressing from morocco they are talking and going over the three minutes, there he is and cut away a little bit and stay with the issue of climate change, going over to china which of course is the biggest e
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mitter of carbon because beijing has an issue and the highest level of smoke alert this year and people are being urged to stay indoors with levels of poisonous smoke more than 15 times recommended by the world health organization and in shanghai where smoke has engulfed much of the city skyline and we have this report. >> in northeast china is a grim place in winter because of the air quality in this industrial city has been ranked the worst in china and makes it among the worst in the world. in the first five months of this year it had just 16 days when the air quality was considered good. >> and back to paris and obama is just speaking. >> secretary-general and fellow leaders we have come to paris to
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show our resolve, we offer our condolence to the people of france for the attacks on this beautiful city and we stand united in solidarity not only to deliver justice to the terrorist network responsible for those attacks but to protect our people and hold the enduring values that keep us strong and keep us free and we salute the people of paris for insisting this crucial conference go on and act of defiance that proves nothing will deter us from building the future we want for our children. what greater rejection than those who would tear down our world than marshalling our best efforts to save it.
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nearly 200 nations have assembled here this week, a declaration that for all the challenges we face the growing threat of climate change could define the contours of this century more dramatically than any other and what should give us hope that this is a turning point, that this is the moment we finally determine we would save our planet is the fact that our nations share a sense of urgency about this challenge and a growing realization that it is within our power to do something about it. our understanding of the ways human beings disrupt the climate advances by the day. 14 of the 15 warmest years on
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record occurred since the year 2000 and 2015 is on pace to be the warmest year of all. no nation large or small, wealthy or poor is immune to what this means. this summer i saw the effects of climate change firsthand in the northern most state alaska where the sea is already swallowing villages and eroding shorelines and perma frost thaws and tundra burns and are melting at a pace of modern times and it was a preview of one possible future, a glimpse of our children's fate if the climate keeps changing than our efforts to address it. submerged country, abandon cities, fields that no longer grow, political disruptions and
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trigger new conflict and even more floods offenders print people seeking the sanctuary of nations not their own. that future is not one of strong economies nor is it one where fragile states can find their footing, that future is one that we have the power to change right here right now but only if we rise to this moment. as one of america's governors has said we are the first generation to feel impact change and the last generation that can do something about it. i've come here personally as the leader of the world's largest economy and the second largest
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emitter saying the united states of america recognizes the role of creating the problem and embraces the responsibility to do something about it. over the last seven years we made ambitious investments in clean energy, ambitious reductions in our carbon emissions, we multiplied wind power three fold, solar power more than 20 fold, helping create parts of america where these clean power sources are finally cheaper than dirtier conventional power. we've invested in energy efficiency and in every way imaginable. we said, no, to infrastructure that would pull high carbon fossil fuels from the ground and we said yes to the first ever set of national standards limiting the amount of pollution our power plants can release into the sky.
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the advances we have made helped drive our economic out put to all time highs and drive the carbon pollution to the lowest in two decades. but the good news is this is not an american trend alone. last year the global economy grew while global carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels stayed flat. and what this means can't be of stated. we have broken the old arguments for inaction and we have proved that strong economic growth no longer have to conflict with one another and can work in concert with one another and that should give us hope. one of the enemies that we will be fighting at this conference
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is cynicism, the notion we can't do anything about climate change. our progress should give us hope during these two weeks. hope that is rooted in collective action. earlier this month in dubai after years of delay the world agreed to worked together to cut pollutants known as hfcs, that is progress. already prior to paris more than 180 countries representing nearly 95% of global emissions put together their own path for climate change and that is progress. and united states are on track to reach what we set six years ago in copenhagen and will reach 17% below 2005 levels by 2020 and that is why last year i set
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a new target, america will reduce our emissions 26-28% below 2005 levels within ten years from now. so our task here in paris is to turn these achievements into an enduring framework for human progre progress, not a stop gap solution but a long-term strategy that gives the world confidence in a low carbon future. here in paris let's secure an agreement that builds in ambition where progress pays the way for regularly updated targets, targets that are not set for each of us but by each of us, taking into account the differences that each nation is facing. here in paris let's agree to a
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strong system of transparency that gives each of us the confidence that all of us are meeting our commitments and let's make sure that the countries who don't yet have the full capacity to report on their targets receive the support that they need. here in paris let's reaffirm our commitment that resources will be there for countries willing to do their part to skip the dirty phase of development and i recognize this will not be easy and take a commitment to innovation and the capital to continue to drive down the cost of clean energy and that is way this afternoon i will join a historic joint effect for private innovation on a global scale. here in paris let's also make sure these resources flow to the countries that need help
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preparing for the tim pact of impact of climate change we can no longer avoid. we know the truth that many nations have contributed little to climate change but we will be the first to feel its most destructive effects for some particularly island nations whose leaders i will meet with tomorrow climate change is a threat to their very existence and that is why today in concert we will have the nations america confirms our strong and on going commitment to the least developed countries fund and tomorrow we will pledge new contributions to risk insurance initiatives that help vulnerable populations rebuild stronger after climate related disasters. and finally here in paris let's show businesses and investors that the global economy is on a firm path towards a low carbon future, if we put the right rules and incentives in place we
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will unleash the creative power of our best sciences and entrepreneurs to deploy clean energy technologies and jobs they create all around the world. there are hundreds of billions of dollars ready to deploy to countries around if they get the signal we mean business this time, let's send that signal. that is what we seek in these next two weeks, that is simply an agreement, not to roll it back with the pollution in the skies but an agreement that lifts us from recovery to a planet that is not beyond its capacity to repair. here in paris we can show the world what is possible when we come together, united in common effort and by a common purpose and let there be no doubt the next generation is watching what
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we do just over a week ago i was in malaysia and i held a town hall with young people and the first question i received was from a young indonesia woman and not about economy or human rights, it was about climate change and asked if she was op optimistic about paris and what young people could do to help. i want our actions to show that we are listening. i want our actions to be big enough to draw on the talents of all our people, men and women, rich and poor and want to show her passionate ideal isic that we care about the futures for i believe in the words of mlk junior there is such a thing as being too late and when it comes to climate change that hour is almost upon us but if we act here, if we act now and replace
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our own short term interest behind the air that our young people will breathe and food they will eat and drink and hopes and dreams that sustain their lives then we won't be too late for them and my fellow leaders accepting this challenge will not award us with moments of victory that are clear and quick, our progress will be measured differently in the suffering that is averted and a planet that is preserved and that is what has made it so hard and our generation may not see the full generation of what is here but the next generation that is better off for what we do here if you cannot find more of a reward than that, passing that on to


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