>> the global fight against climate change. this many world leaders in paris right now to discuss it. will they follow through with their promises? very good to have you along. coming up in the next 30 minutes. >> if there was no violation there would not be such a crisis. >> saying that his country was right to shoot down a russian jet. the pope with a message of peace
and reconciliation on his mission in the central african republic. >> and for the best new zealand remembers jonah lomu, th rugby 's first global superstar. well calling for a meaningful deal on climate change, saying, quote, the next generation is watching. it is the start of two weeks of intense negotiations aimed as forging hopefully a deal to limit global warming in order to prevent potentially disastrous climate changes. there are 147 heads of state and government there on the opening day of the talks. in total, 25,000 official delegates hoping to secure a
legally binding accord for every country to cut carbon emissions. it needs to come into effect from the year 2020 when current commitments from the kyoto protocol run out. nick clark is at the summit in paris joining us live. there seems to be some optimism, but listening to you talk to mary robinson about an hour ago, i was struck by the pessimism that she has about the value of what may be decided. >> she might describe it as guarded optimism. she was alluded to the speeches that we heard from the world leaders today. they have a rallying cry to the world and to their nations, to really get something done, to fin find a solution to this
climate deal. she said to get on with it and find that deal. that something is being echoed between the halls here. first, take a look at what has happened today so far. >> getting 147 world leaders to sit down to record the moment for posterity is almost as hard as getting consensus on battling climate change. >> a decisive turning point we need the world to know that we are headed to low emissions, climate resilient future, and there is no going back. the national climate glance summited by more than 180 countries as of today cover 100% of global missions.
this is a very good start. but we need to go much faster, much farther if we are to limit the global temperature rise below 2 degrees celsius. >> all the leaders took the floor before long u.s. president barack obama was at the podium. >> i've come here personally as leader of the world's largest economy and the second largest emitter to say that the united states of america not only recognizes our role in creating this problem, we embrace our responsibility to do something about it. >> china was the villain of the peace at the conference in 2009. since then they've come to the party, but stress concessions still need to be made. >> if is imperative to respect differences among countries especially developing countries domestic policies, capacity
building and economic structure. addressing climate change should not deny the legitimate needs to reduce poverty and improve people's living standards. >> the preliminaries are drawing to a close. we've had a lot of grand statements from the world leaders. the question is now will they be backed up by their negotiating team. activists say there has never been a better time for agreement, but there is still much to be done. >> we want leaders to recognize that they dragged their feet for far too long. too many lives have been lost, and too much land has been destroyed. too much drought, oceans rising, and they have to play catch up now. >> long days and nights lie ahead as now the hard work begins. well, let's now get a view from a nation that is very much in the face of climate change. we can speak to the president of kirabas in the middle of the pacific surrounded by millions
of square miles of sea. what is your sense of what you have heard in these opening remarks? >> the statements this morning were very encouraging. i'm getting a very positive feeling that perhaps we may have a chance of having a positive outcome. >> you don't think its lip service that we're hearing. >> well, i would like to believe that we can trust what is being said. i don't believe that it is lip service. i think there is a legitimate concern that the planet is in danger, and i think it's going to happen, but i think the question is whether sooner or later. >> i think, mr. president, you're being very nice, aren't you? wouldn't you say that these words are just being said, and would they have gone back to mary robinson's words to their delegations saying get on with it, let's make a deal. >> we must listen to what the leaders are saying. i think the negotiators must listen to what the leaders are saying. they must be aligned. if not, something is terribly
wrong. i think we should take guidance from what the leaders are saying rather than what the negotiators are saying. i believe there are real possibilities. >> what about your nation itself. just describe the situation there. i visited you a couple of months ago. it's one of the most densely populated places on earth, 33 meters high. >> absolutely. even less than three meters. we are a seriously being threatened by the climate change. we have series challenges ahead of us. our very survival is very much in question. we really hope that something will happen. but at the same time we cannot put everything in that basket. we cannot rely entirely on what is coming out of paris. we are looking at second options. so even though--we would like to believe that we should be able to have a positive conclusion, nevertheless we're undertaking
other options. >> you're looking at migrating with dignity. >> i was challenging the combination, to continue to survive as a nation we have to undertake substantial adaptations. to build up the island, what that would cost, we don't have an answer to. how much we build up would depend on the kind of resources we can get. but we're concern with the reality that most--most of our people will have to relocate. >> one of the world leaders we have not heard from is narendra modi of india. a lot of people are saying that india could be the spoiler to the party. what would be your message to him? >> well, i don't believe that the position of one should spoil it for the rest. i don't think surely there should be momentum where most go not all of the countries are on board. i think we're looking at
something like the convention no, not all the countries signed to that, including the united states, but now it has become international law. whether the united states signs or not it has become law. i would like to think that we should proceed with whatever agreement we can. the rest can come in later. but to forget everything that has been done, the work that has been done into getting an agreement simply because one or two do veto. >> would you accept a weak agreement? >> no, we need to have an agreement that is meaningful to us. but i think having the united states or not having the united states or india, i don't think that should preclude the majority of the country's coming to an agreement. i think it would put pressure on these two countries. >> mr. president, i guess we both know that the thursday and friday next week they will be
arguing over the hyphen and the comma. what would you say to those negotiator who is are perhaps detached from the real world, the world that you live in and your people listen in, what would you say to them? >> i would simply say it is not an negotiation. it is not a game of what--of brinksmanship, win or lose. it's a matter of survival. i hope they can begin from there. let's get away from this. we've been at it far too long. while they're playing their game the future of this planet is at stake. the future of people like mine are at stake. >> president, a great pleasure talking with you. thank you very much, indeed. >> yes, thank you. >> we'll hear from narendra modi pretty soon. now back to you.
>> well, turkey is refusing to apologize for the shooting down of a russian play on the syrian border but has reiterated the desire to talk with the russians. turkey's prime minister has met the head of nato in brussels. he said that turkey was protecting itself in shooting down the aircraft. the russian president vladimir putin has rejected turkey's offer to enter into dialogue. well, the remains of the pilot who was shot dead after that jet was downed in the process being returned to russia. his coffin was carried by turkish soldiers to a russian aircraft in ankara. the r repatriation follows a military service. bernard, while all this has been going on, we've heard some details. give us a bit more about the way putin and his people have prid tried to hurt turkey
economically for what has happened. >> well, david, yes, russia, although turkey may be trying to hand out some sort of an olive branch and want to talk with the russians, the kremlin does not seem very interested at the moment. president erdogan had hoped for a meeting with vladimir putin on the sidelines in that commit in paris, but russia said that there will be month meeting until turkey apologies. they said today in a meeting with an any toe secretar nato secretary general said that they are not going to stop them from doing our job. >> on the 24th of november clearly does not rest with turkey by answer means. we're ready to talk at every
level in order to prevent further similar cases on syrian border. underlying this is turkey-syrian border. not the border of any other country. >> all allies fully support turkey's right to defend its territorial integrity, and it's air space. i welcome turkey's efforts to establish contacts with moscow, and to its contacts with russia to de-escalate the situation. >> now russia says it is still going to go ahead and impose particularly economic sanctions on turkey. we understand that there are 90,000 turkey workers in russia working on major projects there. they say their work permits are not going to be renewed at the end of this year, and they'll probably have to come back in
january. that means there will be projects not fulfilled in russia. fruits and vegetables will not be exported from january on wards. and there will be no packaged tours offered either. there has been a 40% drop of tourist this is year because of the falling of the ruble. and there be visa restrictions imposed on russia. they're not going to have an impact until january. at the moment businesses aren't feeling any particular effect, and there will be no effect on the gas that comes from russia to turkey. turkey gets 60% of its gas through russian pipelines. they're not going to be effected. those other sanctions might start to feel a pinch in january. >> thank you very much. stay with us, because we'll be
turkey's prime minister is refusing to apologize for the shooting down of a russian warplane on the syrian border. they have reiterated the desire to talk to the russians. results in burkina faso's parliamentary elections. the new administration will take over from a transitional government that was put in place after a popular up rising. the president had been in power for 27 years the elections were first scheduled for october but delayed by an attempted coo. let's go to there now. not every picture tells a story, but those look fairly peaceful in the voting booth. how are things where you are? >> well, david, we're of the
national voting center where officials are receiving information from all corners of the country. they're tallying the votes and so far the votes they hav they have collected show that the former prime minister of burkina faso has taken an early lead. he's followed by a man who is also the former finance minister. and from the commissioners they have received less than 30% of the districts in the country. but they tell a story of the sweeping votes in many parts of the country. >> it was a difficult time for them when president said he wanted a third term.
have those been settled or are they still bubbling and simme simila simmering in burkina pass sow. >> no, fellow officials for the party, it seems that if position they took in january 2014 when they decided to leave the ruling party of president com compouri, they brought together officials from different parts of the country, and now ow people are voting for them. people of burkina faso has
realized they have the power to remove anyone who want from power. people who have never voted in this country cast their vote, and many people are excited about the new era of democracy in burkina fasso. many people have not voted in past elections because they say that they have won elections. we spoke with people who are voting for the first time yesterday. >> well, let's hope it is the start of a new era of relative calm in burkina faso. thank you. pope francis has finished his tour of africa with a visit to a mosque in the central african republic. heavy security there called for peace and reconciliation for countries christian and muslim population. here is the divided communities along religious lines. that has forced a million people out of their homes.
car bombs killing 30 iraqi soldiers in fallujah. five civilians were killed as well as by the shelling, which is blamed by the iraqi army. in nearby ramadi they're selling people to leave ahead to retake the city from the islamic state in iraq and the levant. more than 44 people have been buried in the syrian town, targeted in an airstrike on sunday. activists have accused russia of carrying out the attack. many other rebel-held cities have been targeted as attacks for syrian and russian jets. you may well find some images in the report disturbing. >> one after the other they kept coming. people in the syrian town had to bury multiple bodies in one grave after dozens were killed in an airstrike on sunday.
they had to use an excavator to dig a hole big enough to bury all the bodies. >> we could not count the dead. because some people were torn to shreds. we put three to five bodies in each bag. >> the morning was full of shoppers at the time of the attack. >> it's the largest market in the city. the airstrike left many injured. people here are bread winners and want to make a living. there was large gathering. people from the countryside as they came here from shopping. >> and in idlib provinces tax not the only place hit. this father was looking for his daughter, who he said was studying in the house. [ yelling ] >> while an activist was filming, another airstrike. [ explosion ] >> it's not clear how many first responders or civilians were
killed or injured in the second attack. the syrian opposition and it's ally accuse russia of carrying out attacks. it's government said that it is targeting isil but many civilians are also being killed. these pictures are from isil-controlled area. many cities are being targeted. activists say more strikes and barrel bombs have hit the countryside. back in idlib, syrians have become used of picking themselves up after attacks. but many born during this conflict are still too young to understand why grownups can't stop fighting. al jazeera. >> india is trying to convert mastiff amounts of gold which is held privately in temples and in people's homes for funding for economy' india's economy. people don't seem to be buying
it. idea or the bonds. >> gold is big business in india. it is used in daily life and on special occasions. as security and a sign of prosperity. now the government wants some of that wealth to be put into the financial system. it has created several new mechanisms such as dossing cold in exchange for interest. but people here will need some persuading to hand over this precious of metals. even those who think it is a good idea. >> it sounds good, but most people don't know about it. we'll only put our gold in if we believe that our family will benefit from the scheme. >> gold holds a special significance in indian culture. it's far from being a mere commodity. >> here they want to be able to touch and feel gold in their hands and be able to see it. it's not just gold. it's luxury. people take special care of their gold and there is a
tradition of mothers passing their gold onto their daughters. >> that's why they believe that some of the new gold programs have not caught on. >> getting indians to part with their gold has not been easy. with other gold programs having a luke warm reception. still the government's plan to turn gold wasn't into money for the economy because of the potential benefits. indian temples and homes hold an estimate 20,000 metric tons of gold worth $800 billion. analysts believe even a fraction of that is put into the financial system would make india one of the world's top economies and could fund roads and buildings. but those in the gold sector say that the gold program is not working. >> the regular bank don' deposit rate is 8%.
but if if it was higher maybe the scheme would be successful. they want to convert 22 carat ornaments into 24 carats. it seems that they have not made these calculations before launching the scheme. this is why it is not working. >> the gold will have to be melted down and processed at the owner's expense. that along widespread ignorance about the gold programs say that they're not able to weigh the benefits to themselves or the country. al jazeera, india. >> new zealand is remembering one of rugby's greatest players. jonah lomu. from auckland we have more. >> a big send off for a big man. jonah lomu's coffin is brought
to home of rugby eden park. the former all black died from cardiac arrest at the age of 40. he had just returned from supporting the all black's successful world cup campaign in england, and it is believed that a blood clot on his lung from the long flight contributed to his death. >> it i >> lomu was the youngest ever all black when he was 19 years old. he was a force on the field, who took everybody by surprise. >> we tried to stop the ball getting to jonah. but when he got the ball in his hands, he was devastated. when you're 6'5", and 180 kee
180 kilos, you're a force. >> there is no doubt that jonah's performance at that rugby world cup and his huge popularity in south africa was the catalyst for the game turning professional later that year. >> but just months after the 1995 world cup campaign he was diagnosed with a rare and serious kidney disease. despite his illness, he played 63 all black tests in the number 11 jersey. thousands of mourners came for the public farewell. which was lifted by heartfelt performances by students from lomu's former schools and past all blacks. he leaves behind his wife and two young sons and a sporting mad nation who will sorely miss him.
jonah lomu leaves the park for the final time. his casket will go to the family home for private funeral. al jazeera, auckland, new zealand. >> this is the moment we finally determine we would save our planet. >> climate summit representatives from 200 nations gathering in paris discussing how they will save the planet. the jury selection under way for one of the officers involved in the death of freddie gray in baltimore. turkey will not apologize for shooting down the russian fighter