we have more live from london next. >> the global fight against climate change, this many world leaders right now in paris to discuss it. will they follow through with their promises? hello from me david foster, you're watching al jazeera live from london. also in this program. >> if there was no violation there would not be such a crisis today. >> turkish prime minister tells nato his country was right to shoot down a russian jet. israel courts bring a verdict against two israeli men
accused of killing a palestinian teenager last year. and u.s. president has been using his speech at the start of the u.n. climate conference to call for a meaningful deal on climate change saying in his words the next generation is watching. world leaders have gathered at the conference known, and it will take part in extremely intense negotiation aimed at forging a deal to limit global warming and hopefully prevent climate change. there are 147 heads of state and government in the opening days of the talks. in total, 25,000 official delegates are hoping to call for a legally binding call for every country to cut carbon emissions. this comes when current
commitments to the kyoto agreement ran out. all the world leaders are saying the right sort of thing. but you have 25,000 people behind the scenes, how do you translate what one group says to what the other group does? >> well, you would like to think that the world leaders would represent their negotiators, and having said what they said in all their speeches, to get on with it and reach a climate deal. that is the view of mary robinson who is saying precisely that. we'll see if it does translate. there are a lot of positive remarks being said, but many say it is just live service.
the u.s. president has launched mission invasion and couples up with the bill gates initiative which doubles his investment in research and technology. let's look at this now and what is happening today. >> given 147 world leaders to sit down and record the moment for posterity is almost as hard as getting consensus on climat on how to battle climate change. >> this is a decisive turning point. we need the world to know that we're headed to a lo low emissions climate resilient future. and there is no going back. we havthis is a very good
start. >> we need to go much faster, much further if we are to limit the global temperature rise below 2 degrees celsius. >> all the leaders took the floor. before long u.s. pratt barack obama was at the podium. >> i've come here personally as leader of the world's largest economy and the second largest emitter to say that the united states of america not only recognizes our role in reading this problem, we embrace our responsibility to do something about it. >> china was a villain of the peace at the failed copenhagen conference in 2009. since then they've come to the party but stress concessions still need to be made. >> it is imperative to respect differences among countries
especially developing countries in domestic policies, capacity building and economic structure. addressing climate change should no re not reduce people's living standards. >> the question now is are they be backed up by their negotiating teams? activists say there has never been a better time for agreement, but there is still much to be done. >> we want our political leaders to realize that they've dragged their feet far to long and as a result too many lives have been lost, too much fertile land has been destroyed, too much flood and oceans rising, and they have to play catch up now. >> long days and nights lie heat as now the hard work begins. >> okay, let's take this on with me is michael jacobs with the new climate economy project. welcome to the program. you were in copenhagen in 2009.
there was a lot of expectation and hope then, similar to the amount here today. but how much does the atmosphere differ? >> the atmosphere is very different from copenhagen. if you remember the copenhagen--the leaders came to the end. they were there only to sign the agreement, but it was expected that the negotiators would have secured it by the time they got there, and the negotiators did not succeed in doing that, and there was a chaotic scene where the leaders were negotiating it they have come to set the tone for the conference. >> you don't think its lip service? >> you have 150 leaders. that's never happened, even at the general assembly all turning up on the same day. that's a real decision of the degree of seriousness that the leaders are giving to this, and they'll be telling their negotiators having made all these statements ourselves. the hat moss fear has been very
determined. they now how series the situation is, and that has created the right type of determination. >> if day one has ban good start what are the sticking points ahead. >> they have very many issues still to resolve. what most countries want is an agreement that sets in process every five years all countries renew commitments to the cable more ambitious than before. not every country is sure they want to commit to that every five years on this ach this ambitious. some countries are not sure they can commit to the financial pressures. the next two weeks they'll bring the countries together in compromises inevitably on the positions they're coming into the positions with.
>> ex-and on that a little bit. >> we've had a very big announcement today. 19 countries representing 80% of all the research and development expendture in the world will come together. that's a serious commitment to solving one of the big problems that we have which is how to produce energy without producing greenhouse gas emissions. you have billion narrows like bill gates who say they will invest in the commercial development of those countries. that's a big deal. you have big commitments coming forward in finances. >> china was a villain of the peace and now a hero. now we're looking at india as being a potential spoiler. >> this has been a big
difference. the two biggest polluters in greenhouse gas terms have realized they can cut emissions at home and they're beginning to do so. that makes them much more willing to enter into international agreement. india is in the same place. india is committing to massive investment in renewable energy in solar and wind. that makes them much more willing to come into international agreement. it is much better than six years ago. much more confidence in their ability to act, and that makes them more willing to cooperate with one another in agreement. >> thank you very much. the speeches are still going on. and all of them have gone over, and narendra modi is not due to speak for another 45 minutes or so, and who knows how long they'll go into the night.
>> turkey is refusing to apologize for the shooting down of the russian plane on the syrian border but has reiterated it's desire to talk with the russians. the turkish prime minister has met with the head of nato in brussels. they said that turkey was protecting itself in shooting down the aircraft. vermont vladimir putin has rejected turkey's offer for dialogue. >> clearly it does not rest with turkey by any means. we have no intention whatsoever to escalate the situation. we are ready to talk at every level in order to prevent further similar cases this is
the turkey syrian border. >> all i welcome turkey's efforts to establish contacts with moscow, and to reach contacts with russia to de-escalate the situation. >> the remains of the pilot shot debt after that jet was downed are now in the process of being returned to russia. his coffin was carried by turkish soldiers to a russian aircraft in ankara. the repatriation came at services attended by the ambassador and officials. two israelis were found guilty of killing a palestinian teenager and will be sentenced in january. he was kidnapped and burned alive. we have reports from outside of
the court in east jerusalem. a third suspect has yet to be convicted. >> an insanity plea at the last hour. the man accused of masterminding the murder of a palestinian teenager. ben david arrived in court on monday morning. the two israelis were found guilty of murder. but now the judge needs to assess the mind of the david at the time. >> this is manipulation. he can't get away with this crime which he reenacted in detail with the police. we do not believe he was insane. the plan was well planned. >> this is surveillance from july of last year. the three israelis took the 16-year-old from his neighborhood in occupied east jerusalem. they beat him, and burned him alive in a forest. after their arrest they told israeli security services they did it in retaliation for the murder of three teenage israeli
settlers in the occupied west bank a month before. the murder ignited the palestinians street with violent confrontations on a daily basis. it was a spiral of violence that many believed sparked israel's war in gaza last summer. it has ten a year and a half for this partial verdict to be reached but questions remain will the main ringleader be found guilty and how will the two minors be sentenced. palestinians say they have little trust in the israeli justice system. they believe israeli who is commit crimes against palestinians are hardly held to account. the final verdict for the ringleader will be announced in three weeks and the sentencing for the minors will be followed in january. whatever decision is reached it could have an direct impact on an already tense situation on the ground. stephanistephanie dekker in
21. there will be negotiations as they cut emissions and global warming. the turkish prime minister won't apologize for the shooting down of the russian warplane but still wants talks with russia. conviction of this man, an alleged ringleader has been delayed due to last-minute insanity plea. more than 44 people have been buried in the syrian town targeted in an airstrike on supplied. activists say it was russia who carried out the attack. many other rebel-held citizen are being carried out by attacks. you may find some of the images in the report disturbing. one after another they kept
coming. they burredy multiple bodies in one grave after dozens were killed. they had to use an ex-at a kateing big enough to bury all the bodies. >> we could not count the dead as some people were torn to shreds. we put three to five bodies in each bag. >> the market was packed when it was bombarded repeatedly many here blame rush for the attacks. >> it is the largest market in the city. it left about 44 people killed and 70 injured. people here are bread winners and want to make a living. people came from the countryside for shopping. >> this man was looking for his daughter who he said was studying in the house. while an activist was filming another airstrike. [ explosion ]
it's not clear how many first responders or civilians were injured in the second attack. the syrian opposition and it's allies accuse russia of carrying out attacks in rebel-held areas to support president bashar al-assad, whose government said that it is targeting isil but many civilians are being killed. these pictures are from isil controlled city. there are activist who is say more strikes and barrel bombs have hit the countryside of damascus. syrians have become used to picking themselves up after attacks, but many born during this conflict cannot understand why grownups cannot stop fighting. [ baby crying ] >> car bombs killing 13 iraqi soldiers in the checkpoint of fallujah. five civilians have died in the
shelling, the army is telling people to leave immediately ahead of an offensive to retake the city from isil. a landmark legal challenge to relax northern i would's strict abortion laws have been successful. the case was brought by the human rights commission, which is calling for legal termination in the cases of rape, incest, or fatal fetal an morena morenal--abnormalities. until now unlike in other parts of the united kingdom, abortions have been banned in northern ireland except where the life or mental health of the mother is in danger. a verdict is expected in a fraud and extortion trial in the church of scientology in belgium. charged with fraud, extortion and running a criminal organization. a belgium prosecutor is calling for the group's local branch to be dissolved.
super members such as tom cruise and john travolta, the church is criticizing the case as an attempt to blacken its reputation. pope francis has finished his three-country african talks. he has spoken in central african republic. more from gerald tan. >> under intense security, pope francis branches into a volatile area to meet moss limb leaders. the neighborhood is surrounded by armed christian groups. speaking inside a mosque pope francis repeatedly calls for both communities to unite. christians and muslims and members of traditional religious have lived peacefully for many years. together we say no to hatred. >> many say the pope's visit is important. years of thrill division in central african republic has descended into a conflict that
has divided communities along religious lines and it has forced more than a million people from their homes. >> god willing if central africans live to what the pope says, but he is a servant of god. if we listen and work with that, peace will return. >> this is the final leg of a three-african country tour. he's in central africa republic despite security warnings and has asked for security reconciliation. >> for those who make unjust use of weapons of the world, lay down these instruments of death. arm yourself instead with righteousness. >> infer before has head of the roman catholic church visited an active conflict zone. some regard it as a chance for hope during troubled times. >> now to news out of burkina faso. results are expected later on in that country's presidential
parliament elections. whoever takes over will be moving in after transitional government was put in place during a popular up rising last year for the then president campaigwho was toppled from power. he had been president for 27 years. protestprotests were brought bo by attempts to extend his rule. china giving the yuen a reserve status means it can be used for transaction between central banks and the imf. only the u.s. follow the yen and the euro are part of the imf basket. >> the inclusion is clearly an important milestone in a journey
that has begun months if not years ago. a journey which is a transition towards more market-driven principle of the macroeconomic framework of china. it's a milestone in a journey that will continue, indeed, and will include certainly more reforms that will add to the existing reforms that have been decided by the chinese authorities in the last few months. >> india is trying to convert mastif mass--massive amounts of gold in funding of its economy. it began issuing gold-backed bronze, but the indian public does not seem to buy it in more sense than one. here is the report. >> gold is big business in india. it's used in daily life and on special occasions. as security and a sign of prosperity. now the government wants some of
that wealth to be put into the financial system. it has created several new m mcmechanisms such as depositing gold in exchange for interest. but people here will need some persuading to hand over this precious metal, even those who think it is a good idea. >> it sounds good, but most people don't know about it. we'll only put our gold in if we believe our family will benefit from the scheme. >> gold holds a special significance in indian culture. it's far from being a mere commodity. >> here they want to be able to touch and feel gold in their hands and be able to see it. it's not just gold. it's luxury. people take special care of their gold, and there is a tradition of mothers passing gold onto their daughters. >> that's why many believe that some of new gold programs have not caught on. >> getting indians to part with their gold has not been easy. less than 500 grams in gold
deposits have been collected so far with other gold programs having a luke warm reception. the government is still pushing t for gold wealth for the potential benefits. >> indian temples and homes hold gold worth $800 billion. if even a fraction of that is put in the financial system could fund roads and buildings. but those in the gold sector say that the government program is not working. >> the regular bank deposit rate is between 7% and 8%. but the government deposit rate is 2.5%. that's too low. if it was higher maybe this scheme would be successful. the government also wants people to convert 22 carat ornaments into 24 carats.
it seems that the government has not made these calculations. this is why it's not working. >> any gold being deposited would first have to be melted down and processed at the owner's expense. that along with widespread ignorance about the gold program means that most people are not able to weigh the benefits to themselves or to the country. al jazeera, india. >> thousands turned out in new zealand remaindering one of rugby's greatest players, jonah lomu, who died two weeks ago. he was the game's first global superstar. 20 years ago when seemingly no one could stop him at the world cup. >> a big send off for a big man. jonah lomu's coffin is brought to auckland's aden park. >> there has never been a player like jonah, and there will never
be another like him. >> he died at the age of 40. he had just returned from supporting the all black successful world cup campaign in england, and it's believed that the blood clot on his lung from the long flight contributed to his death. >> it is a fitting send off for someone who personified the values of rugby. >> he was the youngest ever all black, but he was 19 years old. he was a powerful force on the field who took everyone by surprise. >> when he got the ball in his hands, he was devastating. when you're 6'5", 180 kilos and you have all that power, that set him apart. >> lomu is credited for being rugby's first-ever global
superstar. >> there is no doubt that jonah's performance at that rugby world cup and his huge popularity in south africa was the catalyst for the game turning professional later that year. >> but just months after the 1995 world cup campaign, he was diagnosed with a rare and serious kidney disease. despite his illness, lomu played 63 all black tests in the number 11 jersey. world rugby chairman joined thousands of mourners for the public farewell. which was lifted by heartfelt performances by students from lomu's former schools and an emotional haka from past all blacks. lomu leaves behind his wife and two young sons and a sporting mad nation who will sorely miss him.
>> he'll leave the park for the final time where they'll take his casket home for a private funeral. >> a great deal more. www.aljazeera.com. www.aljazeera.com. >> this is the moment we finally determine we would take our pl plan. >> planet summit where nations gather in paris and talk about saving the planet. jury selection in one of t in the trial of one of the officers involved in the killing of freddie gray in baltimore.