at a. >> prime minister tells nato a lies his country was right to shoot down a russian jet. a cycle.violence, the u.s. city of baltimore, where six police are being tried for the death of a young black man. >> athletics, just days after another doping scandal, the federation's pass on a series of allegations, coming up. >> u.s. president's been using his speech at the start of the u.n. climate conference to call for a meefngfu meaningful progre situation. forging a deal to limit global warming and hopefully prevent
potentially disastrous climate changes. 147 heads of state and government are attending the opening day of talks in total, 25,000 official delegates are hopefully seeking a binding agreement. needs to come into effect from 2020. that's when current agreements from kyoto protocol run out. nick clark joins us. would it be fair to say nick that there is more optimism that something more can be achieved at this cop meeting than something else over time? >> reporter: absolutely, there is a great deal of optimism. the specter of copenhagen hangs over everybody. the conference in 2009 where there was a lot of expectation too but it failed and failed dismally and nobody a repeat of that here. that's why they brute the world
leaders in at the start of the conference rather than the end, to give the world leaders more momentum, lining up with statements of unity, saying that we can find this elusive deal. mary robinson said, that's all very well but that could all be lip service, we have got to translate that into positive action. let's look back. getting 147 world leaders to sit down and record the moment for posterity is almost as hard as getting consensus on how to battle climate change but there's a sense this could be different. >> a decisive turning point. we need the world to know that we are headed to a low emissions climate resilient future and there is no going back! the national climate plans
submitted by more than 180 countries as of today cover close to 100% ever global emissions. this is a very good start. but we need to go much faster. much further. if we are to limit the global temperature-rise below 2° celsius. >> all the leaders took the floor. before long u.s. president barack obama was at the podium. >> i've come here personally, as the leader of the world's largest economy and the second largest emitter, to say that the united states of america not only recognizes our role in creating this problem, we embrace our responsibility the do something about it. >> china was the villain at the peace, at the time copenhagen conference but since then they have come to the tabling and
situations need to be achieved. >> developing countries in domestic policies, capacity building. addressing are climate change should not be beneath the developing countries' ability to improve their living standards. >> so the preliminaries are drawing to a close. we've had a lot of grand opening statements from world leaders. the question is now, will they be backed up by their negotiating teams? activists say there's never been a better time for agreement but still much to be done. >> we want our political leaders to recognize that they have dragged their feet for far too long. aas as a result, too much has bn ocean rising and catch up now. >> long days and nights lie ahead as now hard work begins.
as you have gathered by now, this is extremely complicated, we are going to try do that now. the former u.s. negotiate, duncan marsh. you are serving with the nature conservancy now. narendra modi is speaking now. >> so the choices are not easy. but we have technology, we need now a genuine global partnersh partnership. democratic india must grow rapidly to make the aspirations of 1.25 billion people.
300 million of whom are without access to energy.we are determined to do so. guided by our ancient belief that people and planet are inseparable, that human and nature are indivisible. so we have set ambitious targets. by 2030, we will reduce emissions by 33 to 35% of 2005 levels. we will activate by spawning
renewable energy for example by generating 165 gigabytes of renewable energy. at least 2.5 billion tons worth of carbon, we are reducing dependence on fossil fuel through lev levies and reduction subsidies. transforming cities and public transportation. we hope advanced nations will assume ambitious targets and pursue them it is not just a
question of history and responsibility. they also have the most room to make the cuts and make the strongest impact. and climate justice demands, with the carbon space we still have developing countries should have enough room to grow. this also means, before 2020, including ratification of second commitment period of total protocol, removing conditions are rebudgeting targets, the
principles of equity, and common but different responsibility, must remain the bedrock of our collective enterprise across all areas. mitigation, eruption and maintenance for mitigation anything else will be morally wrong. equity means that national commitments must be consistent we also need a strong agreement on eruption and loss and damage. developing countries must fulfill their responsibility to make clean energy available, affordable, and accessible, to
all the developing world. decision, our collective interest, we look to the developing countries to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 mission and eruption in the developing countries. they must fulfill that commitment in a meaningful manner. energy is a basic human need. so we need an emission technology initiative. given by a public purpose, not just a market incentives. this does not mean just
intellectual property. for this we need to wrap up green energy fund, we should not make it clean not impose an end to its use and there should b be -- >> we interrupt narendra modi there because as we expected the russian president vladimir putin is giving a press conference, having a meeting earlier in the day with barack obama. we will listen to what he has to say but we think it may be, may be unrelated to the climate change conference. >> translator: so you ask actually develop the economy and at the same time preserve the environment. we have in russia actually improved matters. i think this is a very important
contribution. we hope very much in due course we should be able to sign this new agreement for 2020, which will replace the ke key kyoto p. we can fulfill all these commitments. we hope very much that this agreement will also be binding and will help all the countries of the world, mindful of course of what was discussed. in the brix summit. when we broached a number of issues of global scale particularly the problem of reduction of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and the
global warming, in keeping the warming under the threshold. we hope very much to be able to participate in that work and to do that with our partners. today we had a whole number of meetings with our colleagues here in paris today, the president of the united states, the german chancellor, the head of the european commission, the president of have southern korea and also of israel, we talked about bilateral matters, and of course, some of the most topical urgent pressing problems of today's world, in particular, the syrian problem, and the settlement of that problem. i think that we were on the same wavelength and of course we are
connected by the fact that we want a political settlement. today or now we are trying to look for a political platform, i hope very much that our ministers much foreign affairs at our next meeting at vienna will be able to push this forward. thank you verthank you very muce questions i will try answer it. we have here representatives of the french press. let's deal with them in turn. so you have the floor, sirs. does anyone want to ask the question? we know that there are french journalists among you, hopefully we can begin with them. >> translator: good evening, mr. putin, i'm a generalist with
france tout. why weren't you present at the moment of silence to commemorate the victims of the tragedy in paris? why did you not arrive at the beginning of the conference and take part in the minute of silence? and the photograph? >> well, it was just a technical issue, really, you know, the terrorist astack and from the very beginning we were some of the first to express our condolences to the survivors and the nearest and dearest of the victims who perished. and we are very much aware of lar terrorist attacksimilar ter,
particularly the downing of our passenger jet over the sinai. we have discussed that very much in detail, it was one of the subjects of our dialogue, continuous dialogue with the president of france, whether or not i was at the photograph or at the minute of silence, i think that is irrelevant really because it is a purely technical point. it has to do with my working schedule. and we had to discuss in great detail with my colleagues what we were to talk about today and the future.
>> well, we will not stay with vladimir putin's news conference there. very little news with the russian prime minister. in his opinion the syrian conflict can only be solved politically. and answering any other questions about why he didn't turn up for the moments of silence for the paris victims, he said look it was simply done to my work schedule, nothing else intended. if anything else comes out of that from the questions we'll explain it to you but we won't stay with that for very long. we're going back to nick clark.
nick we interrupted you earlier on. you were just explaining about somebody who was going through this process for the u.s. are process, are facinating to explain how a deal is reached or not reached. public back to you. >> thank you very much. we can speak to duncan marsh, former negotiator with the united states, now with the nature conservancy. so the whole business of negotiating is very complicated, very hard to unravel. gif us an idea, what hodefinitis an idea. >> to present and to give their sense of political will to this process and we are seeing that in strong form from all the heads of state who are speaking. as far as the rest of the u.s. delegation, they are here doing what they normally do for these
cops and that is to meet with other delegations, share their views on what solutions are, working coalitions, meet with other delegations who may see things differently. they are working behind the scenes on a wide variety of issues that are informing this delegation. >> have they decided beforehand we will really push on this issue, but we will pull back if india does this and china does that. >> they don't necessarily tell us what their bottom lines are, we know the issues that are most important to the u.s. the ones on transparency, ensuring that all are working together in a very transparent fashion, president obama spoke to that today, he talked about this as a new long term framework for cooperation, one that will build confidence in each country that others are meeting their commitments.
>> as far as president obama is concerned he is impassioned about this, isn't he? he wants there to be part of his legacy. if there is agreement here i.t. can never be legally binding of u.s. support, because of the issue of congress and congress passing it. >> i think that issue has been a little bit overblown in some ways and i think parties will get to agreement on that. what will be -- >> how would they do that? >> what will be legally binding is the are procedural parts of this agreement. that is countries are going to commit to putting forth targets, to reporting on those targets and to review process for those going forward. the actual targets themselves are unlikely to be held as legally binding because not just the u.s. but a number of countries don't want to see that happen. china doesn't wand to see it happen, india, russia don't want to see that happen. they are more focused on how they will make the commitments, not the commitments themselves. >> when we talk about legally binding what, does it actually
mean? what would happen to somebody who broke the rules? >> well, that's a complicated question in the international world where there's no global policemen that will do that. but the important thing is that they're putting in place a framework that's going to have the trches an transparency and e everybody acting on the framework, will be reviewing on a cycle perhaps every five years how everyone is doing. they will be informed on the science in make decisions what the next round of commitments are. that's going to be the case, it may be that not every current meets their full commitment as they've made but going through the review process to add commitments to the agreement towards climate change. >> duncan, it is complicated process, negotiators are at it right now, and it will be interesting to see how it all turns out. back to you. >> thank you.
we have this coming up on the newshour. in israel, verdicts are delivered against two men accused of kidnapping and burning alive a palestinian teenager last year. the votes are being counted in burkina faso, we are live in ouagadougo for the latest. new zealand gives jonah a traditional farewell in front of family and thousands of friends. from turkey, a refusal to apologapologize for the shootinn of the russian plane.
vladimir putin the russian president has rejected turkey's oifer to havturkey'soffer to ha. his coffin ways carried to a russian aircraft in ankara. military service attended by the russian ambassador and other military officials. >> the responsibilities of the 24th of november clearly does not rest with turkey by any means. we have no intention to escalate the situation, we are ready to talk at every level. in order to prevent, further incident on turkey's southern
border, not border of any othe otherring border. >> comments of nadim baba. >> so explicitly stated that the u.s. has data backing up turkey's version of events on november the 24th. saying that the russian plane had there was this joint press conference, between davutoglu, and it' its air space at the sae time, welcoming turkey's efforts to reestablish direct contact with moscow and deescalate the
situation. certainly to be fair to ankara, there are some efforts to deescalate the situation but at the same time it is not clear what those contacts are. they seem to be pretty much severed right now. >> six policemen accused ever causing the death of a young black man in baltimore, freddy gray, his death brought riots to the streetle o streets of balti. john terret is in the street of baltimore. how are they building the prosecution against the police? >> reporter: hey david, good afternoon from a fairly rainy bloarp about the back story, freddbaltimore. the back story, freddy gray died on a way to a baltimore police station. now we have six individual trials coming up, of the six
officers involved in the arrest and stand accused of his death. officer william g. porter is charged with involuntary manslaughter which is the lowest level ever manslaughter, essentially failing in his duty of care, failing to secure freddy gray with a seat belt, failing to get medical assistance for at least another 24 minutes. now the defense for officer porter is going to be very clear when the trial gets underway proper in a couple of days time, that there was a new seat belt law for transporting suspects in the back of police wagons but it was not universally applied. some of those wagons do not have seat belts, and that freddy gray somehow contributed to his death by being violent and aggressive in the back of that police
wagon, david. >> what's happening to the jurors in these cases, a lot of tto-ing and fro-ing p. >> now we'll be going behind closed doors, we don't know what he'll be asking potential jurors but three key questions to be asked and they are very interesting. number 1 do you have any relationship with law enforcement? have you ever worked for anybody, anybody in your close family work for law enforcement? question 2, do you have strong feelings about manslaughter or police misconduct. dozens stood up when the judge asked that question. and three, woou give any more weight to testimony by a police officer than anybody else? that is a usual question asked by judges all the time. but it carries greater significance in the case of
freddy gray because we expect the majority of the witnesses to be members of law floarmt. law enforcement. david. >> john, appreciate it. northern ireland's abortion laws have been challenged, find out the verdict later on in the program. and. >> i'm lee wellings in london, where due to corruption, the sport of cricket has moved from the field of clay to the courtroom.
>> everything that's happening here is illegal. >> then at 10:00 - it's "reports from around the world". >> let's take a closer look. >> antonio mora gives you a global view. >> this is a human rights crisis. >> and at 11:00 - "news wrap-up". clear... concise... complete. >> the top stories: world leaders are in paris for the u.n. climate conference known as cop 21. they aim to reach a deal to cut carbon emissions to limit global warming. turkey's prime minister has refused to apologize for the shooting down of a russian jet on the turkish border but has
expressed a desire to talk with the russians. the trial offing six policemen set to get underway in the death of freddy gray. a car he bomb has gone off and killed iraqi soldiers. five civilians also died in the shelling which is blamed on the iraqi army. get out as soon as they can ahead of an offensive to retake the city from i.s.i.l. well, iraqi security forces say they scored a major victory over i.s.i.l. in anbar province. ing al jazeera's imran khan has more from erbil. >> iraq's largest province anbar, this operation had a brake through on thursday,
authorities say, connecting supply route between ramadi and fallujah, that means i.s.i.l. are effectively cut into two and cannot reinforce their fighters in ramadi. now what iraqi security forces are doing is going through neighborhoods very slowl slowlyd iblg. ickily. methodically. now iraqi security force he to go in what we're also being told is that any civilians still trapped in ramadi are able to leave as long as they wave a white flag. we haven't seen any pictures ever waving a white flag or civilians able to leave, but it will be seen as a very key
victory in the fight against i.s.i.l. particularly in anbar province. >> two israeli miners are found guilty of killing a palestinian teenager last year. 16-year-old was burned alive after being kidnapped from east jerusalem. admitted orchestrating it all. his sentence has been delayed due to a last minute insanity plea. the currency of china is expected to join the international monetary fund status, only the u.s. dollar, the british pound, jps ye japann and the euro are part of the imf
basket. >> clearly an important milestone in a journey that has begun months if not years ago. a journey which is a transition towards more market-driven principles of the macroeconomic framework of china. it's a milestone in a journey that will continue indeed and will include certainly more reforms that will add to the existing reforms that have been decided by the chinese authorities in the last few months. >> let's go to kristin saloomey. i'm sure it's important this some way, what is that? >> well, david, in terms of the currency markets, it doesn't have an impact analysts are telling me but this is a sign of
just how much china's clowlt has grown ichina's clout hasgrown i. china is joining the top tier currencies at the international monetary fund, the american dollar, the european euro, the japanese yen. recognizing efforts to intrcials its monetary system and also -- internationalize its monetary system. as we just heard crl christine a garde. more influence for the country at international institution he like the imf and also the united nations. china is going to have more
clout now when dealing with its internationalling bodies. as we just heard christine la garde talk about, now that it's time for this imf system, there's going to be more pressure for china, even at the time that their economy is slowing down and struggling a bit, that will be a promise for china. china has been pushing for this move and they are sure to be very pleased by this move which does not officially go into effect by the way until september of 2016. >> thank you, kristin saloomey, at the ne new york stock exchan. burkina faso, parliamentary elections, the new people in charge will take over from a transitional government put in
place after the ousting of blaise compaore. delayed by an attempted coup. pope francis has ended his tour of africa with a visit too a mosque in the central african republic. heavy security there, called for peace and reconciliation between the christian majority and muslim minority population. years of division have recently grown into a conflict that has forced millions of people from their homes. gerald tan has those details. >> the pk 5 neighborhood is surrounded by armed christian groups. speaking inside a mosque, pope francis repeated calls for both
communities to unite. >> translator: christians and muslims and members of traditional religions have said no to hatred. >> years of political division in central african republic has violence forcing nearly a million people from their homes. >> god willing if central africans listen to what the pope says for is he a servant of god if we listen and work with that peace will return. >> reporter: this is a final leg of a three country african tour which has taken pope francis to kenya and uganda, underscored the need for national reconciliation. >> to all those who make unjust use of weapons of the world, lay down these instruments of death,
arm yourself instead with righteousness. >> reporter: never before have thethe head of the roman catholc church visited a conflict zone. gerald tan, al jazeera. >> case brought by the northern ierltd human rights commission which is calling for legal termination of rape, i in i ins. iness. incest. >> believes it could have wider implications. >> this is an extremely measured
judgment. it's very carefully crafted. it certainly deserves careful reading. the judge held very importantly i think that fetus does not have a free standing right,fully rights that a fetus would have as an unborn are inextricably linked to the woman. that is a judgment i think probably has something resonance beyond northern ireland itself. in our defense, more than 800,000 women travel from northern ireland to gland for termination. we may be look up to 2,000 women. of those numbers, relatively small numbers will be victims of sexual crimes or wit with fetal
abnormalities. to combine those traumatic circumstances with all the financial and logistical difficulties of having to get a termination and to have to pay for had a really was disproportionate in terms of the right to family and private lives. so yes, it's taken a long time to get here. but i think it's been a very important day for human rights in general, and the rights of women in particular circumstances. >> the man accused of the deadly shooting at the colorado abortion clinic is due shortly of court appearance by video link. robert lewis dear. police are refusing to disclose any information they have on his possible motives. gun violence on campus,
class is cancelled acknowledge in chi, students told to remain indoors. the fbi said the threats were made online by an undisclosed person and mentioned a specific part of the campus. a judge in papua new guinea, will decide whether asylum is legal. human rights groups have criticized the way the detainees are treated. andrew thomas is our correspondent. we asked him to travel to planus island. >> reporter: journalists and cameras are banned but by bolt you can get close to the manus island regional processing center, what's more accurately a prison for a thousand men is right on the coast. the refugees locked inside want to talk. some have bribed cleaners and guards for phones.
>> what do you think is going to happen? >> i believe there is such a hope. this word is deleted in ou my vocabulary. if there would be a god they would have saved us by now. we are human. we are not animals. >> the prison was established as a deterrent along with another for families in another pacific island country, naru. australia's government say people taking a boat seeking asylum would be turned around, with no prospect of ever living in australia. the strategy has worked. the boats have almost entirely stopped coming to australia but the legacy is people are still locked up in there more than two years after arriving on australian soil. woo did manage to drive through the facility. those we talked to say conditions inside are terrible. in the the past, prisoners have
sewn their lips together in protest. first assessed as genuine refugees have been released, they live in this nearby transit center, it is still guarded but they can walk to the local town. so far only one man has left manus islandal together. fled after uncovering corruption. an australian friend bought him a plane ticket to papua new guinea's port. >> i'm happy that i could live there. i'm gel getting happiness when i'm getting out of a terrible situation to bad situation. at the moments, i'm in bad situation. >> the area is too poor with too much crime he thinks, if a court declares their transfer and imprisonment unconstitutional.
>> asking for release of alt the asylum seekers from papua new guinea to australia. we are asking the government to compensate them. >> reporter: australia's government has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on papua new guinea for taking their refugees. those locked up don't see it in quite the same thing. andrew thomas, al jazeera, manus island, new guinea. >> i told you earlier that we would say whether president putin said anything of substance, we were interested in what he had to say on any other international events. he has criticized turkey from shooting down the russian jet on the syrian border, after the prime minister davutoglu told
here. >> david thank you. alleged corruption, three top officials to be band by the world governing body, as they investigate doping and misconduct. several countries failed doping tests this month. the allegations ever the three officials, antidoping process. siphoned off sponsorship money received by nike, iaaf, the gift two motor vehicles from the qatar association of athletics, from 2014-2015. thousands have turned out to new zealand to remember rugby's greatest player.
reporting. >> brought t new zealand cps player. >> all black successful world compare in glapped. it's believed that a clot on his lung from the long haul flight contributed to his death. >> probably personified the values of rugby. >> youngest ever all black when he was 19 years old. he was a powerful force on the field who took everyone by surprise. >> try to stop the ball from getting to jonah, when he got the ball in his hands he was
devastating. >> when you play on the wing and you're 6'5" an 180 kilos that set him apart. >> credited as being the first ever global superstar. >> no doubt, joe nah's huge popularity was the key stone for him training professional. >> he was diagnosed with a rare and serious kidney disease. despite his illness, he played 60 all black tests. joined thousands of mourners for the public farewell. which was lifted by heart felt performances by students from former schools and emotion hacker from past all blacks.
he leaves behind his wife nadine and two young sons and a sporting nation who will keenly miss him. >> former new zealand contradicter chris kemp, pg cleared of perjury charges. lee wellings reports. >> cricket is as vulnerable to cheating as ever. while athletics has been torn apart by doping, contradict to the crimea. in this case, chris cans was. cleared of telling lies in london's court,. >> not a victory as such because a case like this i don't really think there's any winners. it's been hell for everybody involved. >> a succession of high profile contradicters including current new zealand captains were
witnesses for prosecution as cairns was accused of age are arranging for money. $142,000 in damages from the founder of the indian premier league. dogged with corrupt practices with entire franchises being banned from the lucrative event. it's a sport that has yet to clean up its act. >> the indian subcontinent, betting is illegal without safeguards in place. so there are millions and millions of dollars at stake here. this goes right to the top. >> ground court in london was also the scene for the most infamous moment in cricket history, the jailing of three pakistani contradicters for spot fixing overwhelming expedition
is that others have just been more lucky to diseap the same fate. the cheating from the pakistan players came from the cricket grounds which is often referred to as the home of crirk it. illegal gambling that the game's unique format provides. perhaps the best hope for cleaner contradict is that the players themselves are able to police it. lee wellings, al jazeera, london. >> the 8th consecutive year, on that list the first time barcelona team, won the balloon d'or win. his came in 56 appearances, although that includes 24
assists. barcelona team, makes up the three, the brazilian superstar scoring 41 and 14, winner will be announced in zurich on january 11th. one of basketball's all time greats kobe bryant ahas announced he will retire at the end of this season. was named all time best player in 2008. that's your sport. >> thank you, robin. the news continues 24 hours a day from all quarters of the globe. that is it for me and the newshour team. i'm going to leave you in the capable hands of julie mcdonald, she'll be up in the next few
>> the global fight againstclim. more world leaders than ever are in paris to discuss it but will they deliver on their promises? hello there, i'm julie mcdonald, this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up: turkey's prime minister tells nato allies. his country was right to shoot down a russian jet. a court no israel delivers