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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 11, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EST

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thank for joining us. the news is live next from london. have a great day, everyone. ♪ libya takes another step down the path of peace as the countries two governments agree to sign a u.n.-backed deal on a unity government. ♪ hello there, i'm barbara sarah, you are watching al jazeera live from london. the taliban claim responsibility for a car bomb attack on the spanish embassy compound in kabul. clime talks in paris are extended until saturday. and question eel be on the coast of the united states where
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oyster shells are heading back to the sea as part of a unique recycling program. ♪ libya's rival governments have reached a deal after key talks in the tunisian capitol. representatives of the country's two rival administrations have agreed to sign a u.n. brokered plan next wednesday. the agreement will lead to a unity government which should take place in two years. the conflict began in 2011 when gadhafi was forced out of power. >> reporter: the meetings in tunis and the agreement that was reached in tunis, will reflect positively on that conference you are talking about that will be held here in rome on sunday.
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we heard representatives from the two parliaments who agree to sign the u.n.-draft deal, calling for a national unity government. but the u.n. special envoy to libya, martin cobbler was very clear when he said that yes, this is anning a chiefment but problems still remain. but we do know that there are a lot of thorny issues that the warring sides need to agree on. there are armed groups on the ground. they will have to be disarmed. now the question is are all of the armed political actors in libya on board in another question we need to ask is whether or not the members of these two institutions the general national congress as well as the house of representatives in tobruk are they on board as well. we spoke to the italian foreign minister this morning, and what he told was was that we're not
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expecting a perfect deal. we understand not all of libya's warring sides will attend the conference in rome, but we're looking for the majority to attend. we want an inclusive deal. so we're going to have to wait to see whether the quorum is enough, really, to guarantee this u.n. deal, but no doubt progress has been made, the very fact that these two rival leaders who have been at odds with each other for so long now, have come together, hugged each other, kissed each other, and decided to sign the agreement on the 16th of december. a car bomb has exploded in a heavily fortified area of the afghan capitol, kabul. the taliban has claimed responsibility, but says that it's main target was a guest house used by foreigners. al jazeera's jennifer glasse is on the phone for us from kabul now. jennifer just explain to us how
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daring is this attack? how significant is it that they did manage to attack in an area that is heavily fortified and relatively safe? >> reporter: it is heavily fortified there are a lot police in the area. and government officials give in the area as well. it is a very large car bomb. it is unclear what the target was. the taliban says it was a guest house that contains foreigners. it blew out a b in of homes in the area. it is an area where there are not only embassies but also senior officials. so it is quite a daring attack here and it comes just hours after the afghan president held a press conference saying he
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plans to hold peace talks with the taliban in the coming weeks. so we're getting very different signals here in kabul, the taliban launching this attack in the afghan capitol. it has been fairly quiet here over the last few weeks and months, but this is a very, very bold attack. we're still hearing explosions going off, apparently a number of the attackers are inside the guest house and are on the roof, and the police critical response unit trying to get them out of there. >> jennifer glasse with the latest from kabul. jennifer, thank you. the islamic state of iraq and the levant has claimed responsibility for an attack that killed at least 22 people in a kufrdish-held town in northeastern syria. three isil suicide bombers attacked the town on thursday. the area is a base for kurdish fighters battling isles and
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kurdish security forces are thought to be among the dead. there has been an agreement for a basic diplomatic solution to end syria's civil war. but assad says he is unwilling to leave syria, and has the support of the majority of the country. he also says he is unwilling to negotiate what he calls terrorists, but will speak to the opposition if they are unarmed. >> translator: we were ready and are ready to start negotiations with the opposition. but opposition for everyone in this world doesn't mean militant. there's a big difference between militants, terrorists, and opposition. opposition is a political term, not a military term. three palestinians have been killed in the occupied west bank on the border with gaza. a 22-year-old man was killed after israeli officer used live ammunition during fighting in hebron, and another was shot
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dead after allegedly trying to drive his car into a military check point. another man was killed in fighting with israeli police near gaza. thousands of iraqis have been forced out of their homes with the ongoing fighting between the army and isil. many have headed north to the relatively safe kurdish regions. >> reporter: this man has been a butcher for most of his life. he ran a small shop in fallujah. two years ago he found out isil fighters were taking territory on the outskirts of the city. so late one night he headed here. he says that decision saved his life. >> translator: life was just hell for us. the iraqi army would shell fallujah every day, then isil would try to control us. we had nothing, couldn't do anything.
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>> reporter: here is story is common, at least 4,300 from anbar have settled in this small town. kurdish and arab communities get along here. those who have fled the violence have had a very positive effect on this community. they have opened businesses, and that means jobs and money. it used to be a seasonal holiday town. people would come here once a year for their holidays. now it's a very busy, very bustling market town, and that's all year round. to this man, this town represents a new start and chance for piece. he is thankful the kurds have allowed him to open shops. >> translator: i really like it here. it's peaceful. it's not easy, but at least it's not a camp. i can't imagine i'll ever go back to anbar. there's nothing there. it has been totally destroyed. many former anbar residents feel the same way.
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they say they want to live with dignity and not in camps. this town has provided that, but this is a rare positive example. elsewhere in iraq, sectarian divisions continue to lead to violence, and isil continues to hold territory. but here it's peaceful and secure, and that's what people want. imran khan, al jazeera, northern iraq. ♪ financing the cost of tackli tackli tackling climate change remains one of the top sticking points for talks in paris. delegates insist they are close to reaching a deal. the agreement is expected to be announced on saturday morning. the u.n. secretary general says work still needs to be done, and issued an impassioned plea to those in the negotiations. >> i'm urging that negotiators
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to make their decision based on collaboration. this is not the moment of talking about national perspectives. good global solution will help good local solution. some climate scientists have hit out at the latest draft agreement. they say the wording is too vague and will question whether it will actually limit the rise of the temperature. and they are worried that the text makes no mention of fossil fuels and fails to set a strict goal for carbon emission cuts. nick clark joins us now from the climate change conference from paris. i guess we're soon running out of time. how likely is it that a deal will be agreed?
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are people optimistic there? >> i think it will be agreed, it's just a question of when. things have been delayed as you say, but they have been working very hard to get to that deal. they are going to work through the night again tonight to try to achieve it. and then in theory at 9:00 tomorrow morning, there will be another text. although that might be pushed to more like noon, and then we'll see where we're at. and a big factor has be this coalition of ambition, which was set up with the e.u., u.s., african nations, and they have been trying to bring it all together. let's speak to the man who has been instrumental in setting that up. welcome. how important has that coalition been in getting to the point where we're at now? >> we think the coalition of nations brings together various parties that have very high ambition goals to begin with, to
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share their enthusiasm for pushing hard on a deal that will be achievable here in paris, something that we can all take back, poor countries, rich countries, developing countries, developed countries, back to their constituencies, and say we have indeed accomplished something. >> and brazil has joined as well. >> brazil just joined this morning. and i think brazil will play a very important part in pushing a a -- ambition along tonight. we know where the hang-ups are. we think that we have enough of choices to make that -- that will allow for a deal to emerge tomorrow as planned. >> reporter: so you think that 9:00 could be the right time? >> i think -- well, whenever the any text is delivered. we said 9:00, maybe noon.
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but i think, like i say there is enough convergence. the important thing is to make sure that the groups that have agreed amongst themselves be put together on the floor, in the plan to push the deal ahead. >> reporter: and of course this whole affair is important particularly for pacific island nations like yours. >> not just pacific island nations but other nations. we sit two meters above sea level, anything over 1.5 is some kind of a calamity for us. we need to keep the temperature goal very clear. we need to have the -- the means of -- of making sure that people can ratchet up their ambitions over time, every five years, so that we can marry up science and technology with that ambition. otherwise it is not going to be reachable. >> briefly, minister, how much sleep have you had over the last
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couple of days? >> i don't count anymore. i don't even know what day it is anymore. but we work hard. and i think we will have a deal tomorrow the world can be proud of. >> reporter: thank you very much indeed for your time. that is the foreign minister for the marshall islands. still a great deal of work to do, but hopeful we could be nearing a conclusion. >> nick thank you. still lots more to come on al jazeera. we will speak to the indian campaigner and nobel peace prize laureate. and bringing an iconic russian novel back to the people. a cast of more than a thousand take part in the reading of war and peace. sure, tv has evolved over the years.
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now a remicceder of the top stories on al jazeera. libya's rival factions have agreed to sign a u.n.-backed national unity go agreement next wednesday. a car bomb has exploded near the spanish embassy compounds in a heavily protected area of the afghan capitol. and a climate change conference in paris has been extended by another day. deg -- delegates are trying to iron out the differences. gunmen have launched coordinated attacks on three army barracks in burundi's capitol. it marks an escalation of simmering conflict between the
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armed forces and opposition groups. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: gunfire and explosions shut down burundi's capitol on friday morning. residents woke up to roadblocks, check points, and military patrols. fighting in the land locked african country has intensified over the past few days. militia with sometimes 100 gunmen have fought with police and soldiers. exchanging gunfire for several hours. the attacks have mostly been in districts opposed to the president staying in power. in this district, residents say men in police uniforms shot and killed five of their neighbors. witnesses say the victims were taken from their homes, marched along the street, and executed at point-blank rank. >> translator: the police entered and took my mobile phone. they broke down the door and found this man in there. they carried him to the road and
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shot him. >> reporter: police say they were conducting house-to-house searching looking for weapons. they displayed guns and ammunition seized this week. the violence began in april when the president announced he would seek a third term. in contravention of a constitutional two-term limit. burundi's constitutional court voted in favor of his bid in may and he was elected for another five years in july. critics say his third term also violates the accord which ends burundi's 12-year civil war and put the president in power. more than 300,000 people were killed between 1993 and 2006. hutu rebels fought the tutsi minority, which controlled the army. there is widespread concern that
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political conflicts could reignite ethnic division, putting burundi on the brink of another civil war. one of china's top entrepreneurs is assisting with a judicial investigation which is a possible sign that china's anti-corruption campaign is widening its reach beyond state companies. the company clarified its chairman's whereabouts after first reporting him as missing. his net worth is estimated to be $7.8 billion. two financial executives may also have been detained for questioning in this connection with a corruption investigation. violence has broken out in the ukrainian parliament with a mass punch-up between opposing politicians. the prime minister was defending his embattled government's policies, when a politician attempted to present him with a
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bunch of red roses in protest. he attempted to man handle him away from the podium, which prompted the president's supporters to weigh in to support him. and you can see the results of that on your screens. it's taken four days, four nights and a cast of 1,300 russians to read through four volumes of "war and peace." the classic novel is often more talked about than actual read. now there is a project to bring the book back to the people. rory challands reports from moscow. >> reporter: and so it began, both a literary and a broadcasting marathon from moscow, st. petersberg, siberia, the arctic circle, and from london, vienna, and paris. famous russians, ordinary russians, and even a russian in
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space, tall taking a turn to read from the "war and peace." this is a tv presenter, a great great granddaughter of tolstoy and one of the driving forces behind this project. >> tolstoy is uncomfortable for the modern russian society, because he questions a lot of key rules of the -- how the society is built. he questions the power, the government. when you read "war and peace," you understand this idea that war is the awfulest thing in the world. >> reporter: the great russian writer describes "war and peace" as not a novel, less a poem, and still less a historical chronicle. it is over four volumes and tells the author's interpretation of napoleon's disastrous 1812 invasion of russia. for the books fans, some of whom
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were chosen to read, the book is timeless. >> translator: russian literature doesn't general live give answers it asks questions. and we're still trying to solve them. tw -- >> translator: it feels like he is still nearby. he shows us that everyone makes mistakes and we should be able to overcome them. ♪ >> reporter: to great fanfare this reading of "war and peace" has been broadcast live on russian television, radio, and online. the project's creators call it a democratic event and a unifying one. they say that great literature can bring people together in this troubled times. whoever they are, wherever they are. of course i couldn't do a report on reading "war and peace"
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without having a go myself. so here it goes. regripped the pummel, spurred his horse and galloped off under a hail of bullets. he wants one thing, to find out what was going on and to help rectify at all costs any error. and if you want to know what happens next. if you are quick it will take you about four days and four nights. rory challands, al jazeera, moscow. an indian man was awarded the nobel peace prize last year for his protection of children. >> reporter: rescuing children from slavery is the priority in this office, as it has been for more than 30 years. this man, the man who leads an international movement against child labor, says his cause has
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been strengthened by the nobel peace prize, and his work load has only increased. >> i made it clear last year on the very first moment that this is a comma in my life and work, it is not a full stop. i'm not going to sit here. my new journey begins from here. so my new journey began last year, using this recognition to the cause, to the children, for much more faster and deeper impact. >> reporter: he has been fighting for children's rights for years. he says the visibility that the nobel prize gave him as obliged world leaders to take his cause more seriously. this man was rescued from bonded labor as a child. he says every child rescue touches countless lives.
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>> translator: he taught me. he is the one who freed me and put me through school. i was educated because of him. and today i'm the treasurer of his organization. but the biggest benefit is todaymy children are getting an education because of him. >> reporter: one of the drawbacks that he can't take part in surprise rescue operations anymore. his face is just too well-known. but those who continue the dangerous work of freeing children are fining more support on the ground. he says this good news. but warns the nobel peace prize has yet to translate into stronger child protection laws in india. >> if indian government, indian society, indian political class is not able to protect children from these kind of exploitative and abusive situations, then
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there is no reason to just praising me and my work, and congratulating me and being proud. the proud comes -- will come only when child labor, child slavery, child trafficking, child literacy, child ill health is completely eliminated from this land. he has highlighted the extent of the child rights in india. but it shows that while international accolades help, they are not enough on their own to fix the problem. millions of oyster shells which americans have become accustomed to throwing away are now being used to rebuild the shore. jonathan martin has more on this unusual recycling program.
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>> reporter: in new orleans french quarter, it may be tough to find a restaurant where oysters aren't on the menu. the shells used to end up in the trash. now they are being recycled, and sent back to the sea. >> right now we are at a turning point for coastal louisiana, where not taking action is just not an option anymore. >> reporter: jenny bird is with the coalition to restore coastal louisiana. the group is collecting more than 1300 tons of oyster shells. they will end up in wire containers used to build barrier reef along the marsh, a part of the mississippi delta that has seen significant erosion. >> it helps promote land growth behind it, by allowing the second and water to settle out. >> reporter: they will sit here in piles for mopths allowing the
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sun to remove any leftover be its of food. this man is also happening. >> so much has contributed to the loss of south louisiana, starting over 100 years ago when we levied up the mississippi river, including dredging, oil field and transportation canals. >> reporter: the reef should be finished next summer. >> not in my wildest dreams do i think if i sit here and shovel a thousand pounds of shells i'm going to save south louisiana, but with efforts like this, and some of the projects that -- that is on the books right now with fresh water and sediment diversions, we have got a shot. >> reporter: jonathan martin, al jazeera, louisiana. much more on that story and everything else that we have
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been covering on our website. you can see it there on your screens, aljazeera.com. we have a lot of coverage as well on the climate change conference taking place in paris. nick clark has more on that on aljazeera.com. ♪ the family of laquan mcdonald speaks publicly for the first time since the release of dash cam video, showing the teen being shot and killed by a chicago police officer. a trail of clues. investigators calling the bottom of a lake for evidence connected to the san bernardino shootings. >> tonight they step off the plane as refugees, but they walk out of this terminal as permanent residents of canada. and a warm overn

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