tv Weekend News Al Jazeera December 12, 2015 10:00am-11:01am EST
first time. plus. >> it is not the 1960s, but we are where th in liverpool where the beatles liven. >> the climate accord has been outlined. delegates from 195 countries are now signing what is hoped to be the final version. the document calls climate change an irreversible threat to human society. they have urged countries to seize the momentum and sign the deal. u.n. chief ban ki-moon has urged the world as well to agree on the deal.
objections. we've heard a lot of that today. don't fake it for granted. let me introduce you to our guest. welcome to you, sir. >> thank you. >> you've been a key player of what is going on over the last few weeks. what do you think of the state of play right now. >> did you think it would come out with this type of outcome? >> it has been a lot of hard work. one of the things that we wanted to reflect in the long-term goal is one of the major pointers that we would like to have, and if you look at the article two,
it is the goal o goal that is important for survival. >> one month ago, 1.5 degrees, it was nowhere near this. >> yes, because of the status of the world now, all of the countries previously most of the countries think that climate change issues are just for the small islands and let them have it all. but now it's not like that. climate change issues are happening everywhere. it's a global issue. i have a feeling that almost everywhere throughout the world development and the rest of the communities are thinking about climate change issues because it is happening everywhere. but definitely we small alands,
that's the reason why we're so vocal to get the universal agreement, get it done now because we cannot wait any more. >> good for you, but not good for everybody. there has been ngos outside of the process and one or two parties within been talking about loss, damage. >> and if that is there. of course, you cannot have everything the way you want it because it is a global agreement. more than 190 countries are there. you cannot have it the way you want, but i think if you look at the text, the damage is there. it will very much the advantage especially for the small islands and the way it is written in the text. >> well, we appreciate your
perspective. fantastic to get your point of view. so that's the main plan coming up at 4:30 gmt. all we can do is observe and see how it all pans out and hopefully down the line we'll get to an agreement. >> let's hope so. nick clark reporting from paris. thank you, nick. now let's talk about india, one of the world's largest carbon committer. we go to new delhi. what do you hear from indian negotiators about the potential final draft? wel >> that's right, well according to the indian draft minister, a draft agreement addresses india's concerns. that's a big step forward. not just for india but the global community, given that new delhi, the indian government was
quite determined to make sure that it's needs were addressed. it's been described by the indian minister as a victory for leadership narendra modi. and there is an adjustment in effort. whether they promise to ramp up things like renewable energies or perhaps india has been able to play a key leadership role voicing concerns of developing nations. that is yet to be seen, but that's a big line coming out of new delhi. a. >> going into these talks, what were the main concerns that leaders in india had? >> for the indian government it was about all the pressure being placed on a country like india, a population of 1.2 billion. to be held to the same standards
for accountability and climate change and developed more western countries were being held, the concerns of sustainable living and climate justice had been addressed. while the fine print is yet to be seen in that drafting agreement we can potentially express that that refers to the onus and responsibility perhaps inching towards the developed countries and drops down the pressure and they say they've got a long way to go when it comes to meeting the needs of all their people. that certainly takes india to account there. >> okay, reporting live for us from new delhi. let's take you live now to the argentinian capital where daniel is reporting. what are you hearing about what is in this final draft that would effect specifically argentina?
>> well, argentina and the rest of south america in a way. they're always very good here about promising to implement policies that will keep fossil fuels in the ground, that will help the environment, that will try to stop the deforestation that we hear in argentina, brazil, for instance, the problem is implement these bold policies. we have a government in brazil where the president dilma rousseff is trying to hold on to their position. and the environment was not a major issue in the election campaigns. it's increasingly becoming that way. there is a consciousness raising here as we see in argentina, we're seeing deforestation,
flooding, people want to see these policies imposed. but they're victims to short-term economic gain. people exploiting the natural massive resources that you have in argentina. massive development at the expense of many of the national forests in the regions. these are lands that you can't get back very quickly. massive damage being done there. it really is a question of saying the right things and will they act on implementing these policies and insuring the laws. >> we report live for us in argentina. daniel, thank you so much. now happening in paris right now there are, of course, protesters, and many dismiss this climate draft, the final draft we heard about. two weeks, these are live pictures, the proposal are not enough to actually protect the planet. under the people earlier people
were holding up umbrellas that made a red line. there are people there to protest. we'll continue with the development of the climate change summit in paris. reports of 40 people have been killed in burundi's capital. they have been shot at close range. their bodies were found after a series of coordinated attacks on military installations that killed 15 people. reports on what eyewitnesses have been telling him from bujumbura. >> they seem to be people who are loyal to the president and
have been occurring in residential neighborhoods, protests ever since april when he announced he wanted to run. friday morning there were attacks in areas on military bases by we believe to be rebels who were trying to back military camps and residents believe that these killings were in response to that. a response to those attacks by rebels. but a police spokesman has denied that civilians were killed. he said that the only people killed were attackers, also military. >> breaking news to bring you from switzerland. the police have arrested two syrians suspicious of transporting explosives and
toxic gas. these arrests took place in geneva. we have reports from london,ish what do we know about this? >> well, we do know on saturday both the swiss attorney general's office and the federal police say they've started criminal proceedings against two syrian nationals without giving any further details of who they are. but they're suspected of two things. firstly, of making, hiding and transporting explosives and toxic gasses. now that comes after they were arrested in the greater gentlemen thee have a area on friday. there were reports that the authorities found traces of explosives in their vehicle. it's a road which links switzerland to france. separately the two are investigated of suspicion of
being part of banned groups like isil. four members suspected of being members was isil came after a tip off that they could be in the geneva area. we don't know if the latest developments are linked to that. we're expecting more details in the next hour. >> what is the atmosphere like in geneva right now? >> well, i think that the people will be slightly wary. the security level in geneva was raised from--raised to three out of five on thursday. that came after reports that people lived to the attacks could be hiding out near geneva. they did deploy extra police, and i don't think anybody will be surprised by these developments considering there is a shared border between france and switzerland. but they have allowed for major
corporations to go ahead. that's invasion of geneva. it is important to local people, and that's happening. i think at the moment there is certainly no panic. >> thank you. plenty more ahead in the news hour. protest against the presence of turkish troops in northern iraq. the latest has gone on for more than a week now. the violence in ethiopia. and find out if this nba team will win their fourth straight win. taking part of in municipal pal elections 900 women and 600
men are running for election. the council are the country's only elected public bodies. the legal voting age has been lowered from 21 to 18. and young people welcome these changes. >> it's my first time to enlist, and i'm coming here to support one of my friends we believe in her ideas, and i want to prove a point. i'm voting for someone. >> we have more from riyadh. >> so another historic day here in saudi arabia. polls have now closed. these elections are not only momentous because this is not only first time that women have been allowed to vote, but also that they have been taken to the polls. this is only the third time that elections have taken place in the kingdom.
now vote counting will begin any moment now. the ballot papers being emptied. here it will be duplicated across all the different polling stations across the country. now people here are hoping that this is a significant step in the past having more inclusive society not only for women, but also youth. for example, the voting age has been reduced from 21 years to 18 years. whether a woman will win any of these seats people are waiting to find out when the results are announced late on sunday or sunday afternoon. however, these are significant elections. >> houthi rebels in yemen say they will observe a cease-fire starting in two day's time. the head of the rebel delegation is due to fly to switzerland for talks to end the fighting. the announcement was made after a draft agenda was agreed for the talks. yemen's prime minister said he's determined to end nine months of
fighting. they have killed 6,000 people and caused widespread devastation. the message sent to the united nations is now solid ground for political dialogue. >> there have been protest notice iraqi capital of baghdad against turkey's di employment of troops near mosul. on friday iraq asked the u.n. security double to intervene and accused turkey of violating international law. the president. >> the dispute between the governments of iraq and turkey over the depolite seems to be spilling beyond political speeches. thousands of members of militias came out in the capital of baghdad. they're calling on their government to do more to push
out turkish troops in the north. today tus they're saying they'll end the turkish invasion by military means. there are those who say they want to fight turkey. if they don't do their duty we'll take action. >> the turkis iraqi leaders want turkey to remove their troops. >> there are no military armed forces of any other country except turkey on iraqi land. it is without our permission or knowledge and everything said is pure fabrication. >> but since turkey downed a
russian warplane they're telling ankara that the relations are no longer friendly. >> they have been here for years. there is an agreement between the peshmerga, iraqi troops, turkey and the u.s. turkish troops did not parachute in. they came in as a request from then. >> turkey feels it's military presence is important not only just for isil but for its long term national interests. >> we will not withdraw our troops. we'll continue the training process. we have not dispatched combat troops, but we sent reinforcements to protect our soldiers who are training iraqi fighters. >> the disagreement between ankara and baghdad is an extre
extremely difficult matter. for politicians and officers have been told not to voice their opinions. al jazeera. erbil. >> talks on sunday aimed at encouraging libya's rival factions to come together after one national government. the two sides have agreed to an u.n.-brokered deal for an unity government. they're expected to formally sign it next week. the area has been in turmoil since muammar qaddafi was overthrown several years ago. >> what role did the italian
foreign minister and secretary of state john kerry play in make this unity oh government come to fruition? >> well, in addition to sergei lavrov, the russian minister, they'll be looking forward to coherence within the international community as to how they will install a government in tripoli and the international objectives aim in fighting isis in libya. that will be the source of the fruit of much of the talks tomorrow. >> who else needs to be at the table to make this work? these talks have been going on for a while. there have been other times that the international community thought they were close and then nothing happened. what needs to be different this time?
>> to try to make it coherent amongst the parties to make sure there are no arms race. but also more appropriately the government and functionality of the government will bring on the parties rejected, rejected potentially going in to where they might sign the deal. try to find a way to bring those parties in and get the names to act as conduits and try to find a way in which they can encourage members in tripoli and in other parts of western libya who don't feel that this is a right deal for them, trying to find some sort of guarantee of security i. in the absence of those names and players there, that they're
not a threat of new war this is the crux of all the conflicts in libya. now they haven't signed the deal because every moment the elephant in the room is yes, we can sign a deal. there could be war crimes, there could be legislation that has passed with this new government that they have to tackle, pursue libyan names that have been involved in talks, and names that have been involved in the war, they'll guarantee that they won't be thrown under the bus, so to speak. the way they can function as a government over the next few years. it could be a very long and difficult journey. >> let's take an optimistic point of view.
let's be hopeful that this unity government actually happens. how will it benefit the region? >> the influx of refugees towards greece and turkey and northern europe, the functioning government is a functioning partner. in the words of isis that is a major, major reason why the italians are so interested and concerned to getting a deal that works for everyone in libya. that now has to come to an end. we can't be discussing this in 2016. this has to be a deal that allows the players in libya to sleep at night and not wake up thinking am i going to be shot
today. they need to be able to cut deals and function as a government. there are those who want to work with libya, and that could be an interesting way develop this. economically speaking this is going to be tough for years to come. libya could play a role in which that could help let's not forget the neighbors such as chad, niger, they're in desperate need of financial assistance, libya could be in that position. and they could be a superpower that will help neighboring countries. that could have been the case in 2011. i don't know what the case could be wit now.
many believe a functioning libya will be a great partner to have. not just african countries but the european countries. >> we appreciate it. coming up later, india's dream of high speed train travel moves one step closer to being realized. plus... >> i'm jessica baldwin in oxford where scientists are preserving the cultural heritage of syria. >> and in sport one of the most successful teams are set up for a big defeat. andy will have all the details.
now the nations need to give their approval. more than 40 people have been found shot dead in burundi. the discovery was made 24 hours after attacks on military installations killed 15 people. in saudi arabia women are taking part in the first time as candidates and voters in the municipal elections. 900 women and 6,000 men are running in elections in local councils. that final draft on controlling climate change that has put delegates in paris. our environment editor nick clark joins us. he has been following all of the developments. nick, i understand that they're a little bit behind, i guess that's not really a surprise. get us up-to-date. >> well, you have these highs and lows throughout the day.
you think something will happen and then it doesn't happen at all. it goes on like that. now there is a conference where all the parties get together in an hour's time at 5:30 gmt. then we're hoping that the agreement will be formed up. we'll have to see. let me introduce you straight away to our guest, professor nick stern, the president of academy and chair. a famous figure in the whole climate debate of late. has this conference met your objectives, do you think? >> it's gone beyond what i expected, nick. i didn't think it would say that it would be well below centigrade. that's the increase average in the 19th century, which is the usual benchmark. that's the borderline of what scientists say is dangerous. rightly so. and the agreement is not just to
get below two degrees but as close to 1.5 dress as possible. the reason for that at that kind of temperature a lot of small island states will go underwat underwater. attacks existential for them. they have agreed to get together in five years to see how they can raise ambitions. that's an important step as well. those two things are very concrete. we're hoping that they would be there. but many fear they might not be. >> what has disappointed you about this text? >> well, i don't want to be negative. actually, i do in this "t" is impressive. as an economist i would have put more in finance, but the sense of direction are very good. >> there are those who say it is diluted, and it's weak. >> i think that's dead wrong. if you look at the what i just
said the level of ambition, the willingness to get together and ramp up the finance, those who say it is too weak are living in another world. >> what has happened is two things, really. people have a deeper understanding of how dangerous it is to let it go 2 degrees or more. we haven't seen 3 degrees on the planet for 3 million years, really since the end of the last ice age, 7,000 to 8,000 years old. that's when we started to turn grass into grains and wheat, live in villages. that's the last 7,000 to 8,000 years where already now up 1 dress on the edge of that, and three would be as i say we haven't seen in 3 million years. that would rewrite the relationship between human beings and the planet.
first a deepening recognition of the grave dangers here, and second, this is fundamental, countries around the world to realize this transition to low carbon, this moving away from fossil fuels is extraordinary attractive, strong growth, discovery, innovations, cities where you can breathe, forests that survive. rehabilitation of soils, to grow more food. this is really an attractive story. this "t" is not the sacrifice of something to keep climate responsible. that understanding has been the last few years. that, i think, has been a key foundation for all of us to come to an agreement here. >> great to get your perspective. thank you very much, indeed. >> thank you for having me. >> professor stern with his fascinating viewpoint of what's happening here. we have about an hour to go before that gathering in the
minutemennary we'll see wha --the main planary. >> a suicide attack in anbar. no one has claimed responsibility. iraqi troops are fighting isil fighters who have captured large parts of anbar including ramadi. a main suspect in the rwan rwandaen genocide is being questioned in the democratic republic of congo. accused of personally orchestrating the massacre of tens of thousands of people. they're calling for an extradition and immediate trial. government leaders say they're unsure who is behind an
attack in a mosque. 24 people were wounded after friday prayers, and staying in ethiopia, police have shot dead protesters in a growing number of anti-government demonstrations. members of the aromo tribe said that government development plans threaten their way of life. >> it's not known exactly how many people have been killed. activists say this video on youtube show police firing during a demonstration at an university more than 500 kilometers east of the capital. activists say that there are protests like this happening almost every day. it is a sharp contrast to the developments such as these springing up all over.
one of the fastes fastest growing economies in the world. they're facing growing opposition from many of the people who live here. no one we asked would speak on camera. but these farmers are being offered cash to give up their land to developers. the vast majority of the people who live around the surrounding region are the aromo. they're the largest ethnic group in ethiopia. they've long accused the government of ignoring their economic and cultural rights. we contacted people in villages where we heard there were protests, and we recorded in conversation.
>> an aromo opposition leader served three and a half years of an eight-year prison sentence for being involved in what the government describes as an aromo terrorist organization. >> it is not only a physical development, it's not constructing houses. it should be some kind of human development. the area must be developed as well. there should be accommodations in which they must maintain their identity as well. >> government leaders say they are listening. >> the government continues to take measures for the people you the government will do
everything necessary to bring action against those who are responsible. >> as ethiopia builds towards the future, many of the aromo people say they're feeling increasingly left out. al jazeera. >> there has been a massive attack in the syrian city of homs. suicide-bombers reported to have killed 18 people and injured another 70. the city was an opposition stronghold from a few days ago. the attack took place in the minority alawite neighborhood. leaders will meet in new york on friday to discuss how to end the war in syria. some factions have arranged for peace talks next month. ginninjoining me now, we appreciate your time. are you optimistic that anything
will happen with these talks? there have been so many talks going forward. what do you think has been missing? >> yes, maybe too many talks. right now all the international actors involved in the crisis are trying to find out if they will go. all this conference about syrian opposition. this is a big problem to find out a solution of the syrian crisis. the other big problem is that
all the international actors involved right now have a different position of assad and the future of assad. this is a big obstacle to the organization. >> you're saying that everyone has competing agendas. let's talk about assad. what do you think is the most workable situation. the opposition is saying that he can't be part of any transition. is that realistic position? because of course if we have negotiation we have different positions. but different position to deal wit for a common ground. maybe they start from a more realistic position. assad is in power, and assad is
thriving in erbil in this power. we have to start from these point. and maybe we can have a more clear situation if assad's army and of could have a more powerful position. if we keep this position of not to deal with reality, maybe we cannot find a solution. maybe assad is not more expendable, also his allies, both russia and iran are thinking about assad like not the best option, but the only option available right now. maybe in the position also in russia iran could be more--more ready for negotiation also on the position of assad. >> all right, thank you so much for joining us from rome. we appreciate it.
technology will help restore cultural heritage. >> packing up 3d cameras and all the materials volunteers in syria will need to photograph important sites of cultural heritage. we can't show the cameras they'll use because it might endanger the photographers, it's a race against time to send the cameras to syria. trying to keep one step ahead of isil fighters and their destruction of aaron sites including the temple at palmyra, which they destroyed in august, looting the site for valuable antiquities. >> isis leaves republic behind. we can come in and put these structures back the way they
were, and people can get oaten on with their lives. when they walk down the streets, they can go about their business as usual. that's the promise these images hold. >> each one of these represent a photograph. >> the photos are rendered in architectural drawings. if the future the syrians decide to rebuild, then a 3d printer takes over. robotic machining will be used with finishing touches from local artisans and stone cutters. >> this is 15 meters high, so it's not small, and it also has a fair bit of surface detail. we can go from the photographs to an actual physical structure in the period of three months. it's a much shorter time than it would take to start from scratch with a solid block of stone and whittle away by land. >> the antiquities and cultural
heritage of the region cannot be under estimated. it contains both roman and near eastern styles. >> it should what near east should become not what it is today, where cultures are living in a harmoniou harmonious action. and these are the problems we are seeing around syria. >> the rich cultural heritage becomes part of a person. when that's gone they lose a little bit of their identity. that's why this project is so important. because they've preserving history, an integral part of the region for the next generation. jessica baldwin, al jazeera, oxford. >> japanese bullet trains are on the way to india. prime minister narendra modi is hosting his japanese counterpart
beatles split up. but in argentina they're as vivid as ever. we explore their love aware with jan paul, george and rai ringo. >> records, posters, concert tickets and john, paul, george and ringo. he was hooked as a boy when he heard the single "in my life" and began collecting when john lennon was killed. >> it was a revolution that exceeded music, something that you find in fashion, art. >> buenos aires' museum the only
one outside of liverpool pool, attracting thousands a year. >> kids king beatles song. >> it's a long and winding road from liverpool to buenos aires, but 45 years after the band split up they're as popular here now as ever before. the beatles striking a chord in argentine heart like no other foreign band. it extends beyond argentina. this was the 15th beatle's week in buenos aires, a celebration of their music bringing together bands from peru, bolivia and brazil, at this contest a chance to play in the original club in liverpool. >>or me the beatles mark the point where they began. the competition, instruments, vocals and over all quality.
>> the fans stretch across the generations. >> because of our age we grew up during the period of the beatles. it was during our time. >> i liked them since i was a kid thanks to my parents. and because of th it, i study music. >> culture, language and distance is no obstacle, they come together in buenos aires and as they say, all you need is love. >> for your sport let's turn it over to andy. >> thank you so much, richelle. the warriors come through to win in double over time. steph curry scoring 38 points but statistically it was his worst shooting, they had a
28th win this season. the record was set by the l.a. lakers more than 40 years ago. >> this is pressure packed and intention. every position, this is about who wants it more. nothing was pretty about this game. everybody contributed. can't stay enough about every guy who stepped out on the floor, all the injuries we've had, this being the end of the road trip, a huge win for us. most everybody thought we were going to lose this game, but we got it done. >> in oklahoma, scoring 21 points in a win over the utah jazz. this is their fourth straight win. in a couple hours' time a drawing will be made for group stages european football
championships. the tournament has been extended from 16 to 24 countries. they'll an top seed in group b. the runners up from italy including austria who qualified for the tournament for the first time winning nine of their ten games. one of the world's best strikers is lurking in top three. poland has 13 qualifying more than any other player. and slovakia qualifying for the first time. and michel platini will be notable by his absence. after his failed effort to have the ban lifted for the court of arbitration for sports.
he has been charged for corruption and suspended from all football-related activities while the investigation is ongoing. a final adjustment is expected later this month with platini hopeful of clearing his name and standing in next year's fifa presidential elections. >> they have taken note of this position, i've said it all right. we hope that the process will be swift, will be fast. >> south american football has a new president with the continent hoping to move on from a series of candles. the last three presidents have been arrested as part of the ongoing fifa criminal investigation.
today must be a starting point. well, there are six games taking place this saturday. everton will have a 1-1 draw. manchester city will play at home against swansea. bournemouth playing manchester united in a late kick off. >> we know we can do it. it is in our hands. it's down to us in our performance levels, which is extremely high. >> barcelona are in action right now at home in a spanish league. barca has drawn the last two matches but a free kick from lionel messi has put them ahead. later on saturday fourth place they'll take on espanyol, and sevilla will place supporting
gijon. this was the sixth straight defeat. taking five of 27 as australia won this test in 212 runs. he is hopin hope hoping to leave a series of injuries behind him. >> the most successful team in the tournament. they've won the title four times. the two teams will meet again next week in france. we'll have more sport coming up later. that is it for now. >> keep it here on al jazeera.
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>> the world twice hear if it's leaders will act to put the brakes on global warming. >> i'm nick clark in paris, they're calling it fair and legally binding. are we heading towards the first universal climate change agreement in history. >> i'm barbara serra in london. a landmark moment for saudi women as they become