7:00 a.m. eastern. >> after protests in baghdad and basra, turkey moves its troops stationed in northern iraq. >> hello, i'm richelle care live from doha. also ahead on the program, almost five years of fighting in more than a quarter of a million people killed, the diplomatic push to end the conflict in syria takes center stage. >> scuffle of protestors outside beijing courthouse as a well known rights lawyer stands trial over on line posts.
>> south africa's president zuma oh points a third finance minister in less than a week. >> we begin with news out of northern iraq where turn iraq troops stationed near the city of mosul have been withdrawn. their deployment led to a diplomatic stat. we have the latest from erbil. >> after weeks of a war of words between turkey and iraq, the turkish troops stationed in northern iraq are finally on their way out. from the peshmerga forces, we know that more than a thousand troops, according to these kurdish forces are on their way out. turkey insists there were only 150 here, but turks say there are trucks carrying not just tanks but heavy military equipment back to turkey, the movement of this equipment and troops caused a row between two
governments, the prime minister of iraq wrote to the united nations asking it to use its influence on turkey to try and get these troops out of his territory. turkey insists that these troops are important in the fight against isil and also to try and take on the isil stronghold of mosul. kurdish sources have told that you say this has happened after intense negotiations between baghdad and ankara and also the pressure from the u.n. now we know that these troops are on their way out, turkey insisting that this is just a regular redeployment of troops. almost five years of fighting, bloodshed and human crisis and till the war in syria seems to have no end in sight, but the diplomatic push to put an end to the crisis, that is in full swing and on several fronts this monday. the u.n. human chief concluded his three day visit to syria. he has called the situation there a block in our collective conscious.
meanwhile, france is hosting a meeting of foreign ministers to discuss the conflict and prepare for a third round of talks by world powers. that will be next week in new york. the human toll of this five year civil war has been formous. 250,000 people have been killed, a million injured and most of them civilians. nearly 7.6 million syrians are displaced. it is the largest displacement of people away from their homes in the world right now. the u.n. says 12.2 million people inside syria are in need of humanitarian assistance. a 12 fold increase singles the beginning of the war. a syrian analyst from the doha institute says today's meeting is an attempt to find common ground between the western powers and russia. >> the paris meeting actually is another attempt by the americans, actually, to get what the russians really want from
this whole process, because as you know, the russians have been opposing the riyadh meetings of the syrian opposition over two key points, number one is the future of president bashar al assad. when they say that the future of bashar al assad will be decided by the syrian people at the end of the transition period, not at the very beginning and that should have been through elections. number two is the other point, actually the russians were opposing actually on the meeting is the presence of what the core terrorist groups within that meeting. today's meeting is to get less terrorist organizations listed by jordan. at the beginning of the meeting of november 24, gave jordan the task of listing the group of terrorist organizations in the city and coordination with other intelligence agencies in the contest concerned with the syrian conflict.
>> german chancellor angela merkel has said her government will reduce the number of refugees it accepts, that she is promising not to shut the door. more than 1 million asylum seekers have arrived in germany this year. merkel's open door policy has caused wrists within her own christian democratic party. >> we want to and we will noticeably reduce the number which refugees, because it's in the interest of everyone. it's in germany's interest with a view on the task of accommodation to their integration into society and the labor market. it's in europe's interest with a view on our internal situation in europe and our role in the world and dear friends, it's in the interest of the refugees themselves, because nobody, no matter why they make the journey thoughtlessless leaves his home. two senior army commanders from saudi arabia and the unit arab emirates have been killed
in fighting in yemen. the sawed head of operations was taking part in an offensive in the city of taiz when he was attacked. this is him meeting the yemenis president hadi earlier. a ceasefire between the yemen government and houthis is due to come into effect at midnight monday. sawed airstrikes have hit homes and a market in the city of haja. 19 civilians were killed. a finance ministers meeting in brussels say they are ready to provide financial support to libya to help end the conflict there. the j policy chief said the main will only come if the u.n. backed peace deal becomes a reality. >> we will work on the package which support that the european union has prepared already in the last month, including financial support to the libyan authorities in the moment when the new government would be formed. we expect the libyan process to bring some results in the comes
days, as you know. obviously it is libyan owned, libyan led process. the problem is that the international community and european union supports united in a coordinated way. >> according to israel police, a palestinian man has been shot dead in west jerusalem after allegedly ramming his car and the people at a bus stop. several people were injured in this incident, one critically. investigators are on the scene. 120 palestinians, 12 israelis, one eritrean and one u.s. citizen had died in the latest round of violence which broke out in early october. >> the trial of one of china's most prominent dissidents has ended after just five hours. human rights lawyer spent more than a year and a half in prison because of comments he posted on line criticizing the ruling communist party. we have this report from beijing. >> china's constitution
guarantees free speech, but there wasn't much that have outside beijing's second intermediate court. police pushed away diplomats, journalists and supporters. some shouted the chinese president was despicable. >> it's a very sensitive case, the police have been doing their best to prevent the media getting anywhere near the court. this has also been the same treatment meted out to foreign diplomats. of course many are watching this trial with great interest. he is a very, very prominent dissident and as you can see, little very difficult to film now. >> the first secretary of the u.s. embassy among diplomats turned away. >> that's about as much as he was able to say before he, too, was pushed away. he was here to show support to
one of china's leading advocates for free speech, arrested 19 months ago after posts he made on social media mocking china's government. he was charged with provoking quarrels and inciting ethnic hatred. his clients include another dissenting voice, the internationally claimed artist. away from the court was this show of defiance by supporters. he is not guilty, its. that's enough to get you arrested in the current climate. >> there's no freedom at all. you're guilty if you talk, even if you send flowers. >> he is one of mother 300 detained since president xi began a campaign against political and social dissent almost two years ago.
china's government routinely rejects criticism of its human rights record. >> it was questioned in accordance with the law. china carried out order management in accordance with the law. the people in question should be cooperate. >> last week, one state owned newspaper urged judges in this case to ignore pressure from western governments. adrien brown, al jazeera, beijing. >> south africa has a new finance minister. the third one in less than a week. on wednesday, president jacob zoom in a sacked nene and sent stocks tumbling. he replaced him with a relative unknown. due to public pressure, zuma has been forced to replace him with another who held a position before. we have more from johannesburg.
>> we've seen a steady recovery in the last 24 hours. that's immediately after the announcement was made that there would be a new finance minister who served in that position from 2009 to 2014. they say capable hands, he has the history, he has the political standing, and the experience to at least chart a way forward to see increasing more gains as well as stabilizing the economy and also reassuring investors that a saw the africa will be ok. this is of course just shortly after south africa narrowly missed the downgrading to junk status. economists are worried, saying they will wait to see what happens in the new year. president zuma has seen a significant amount of criticism in his presidency and this is the latest in a string of controversy incidents, the
african national congress said initially when he sacked the first finance minister nene, said that they note and respect his decision. they didn't say very much more after that. usually coming to his defense. now it's only after the appointment of the new finance minister that they said they support the decision. the a.n.c., members that have high ranking committee met with the president. he was culled with the members. other parties and strayed unions after massive amounts criticism. they saw him on the weekend and that is where we saw the result of the reinstatement as finance minister. >> more ahead on al jazeera, including a peace accord brought an end to the war in bosnia, but how secure is the future 20
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diplomatic spat between the u.n. and turkey. france hill host a meeting of foreign ministers later on monday in the latest effort to put an end to the 5-year-old war. there have been scuffles between police and protestors in beijing outside a trial of one of china's most prominent dissidents. he faces a maximum eight year jail sense for comments on line criticizing the ruling communist party. e.u. foreign policy chief called for an urgent start to peace talks in burundi. there's been further escalation and violence since friday, when 87 people were killed. burundi has been unstable since april when the president announced he would seek a third term in office. vote count i go underway in a referendum on central africa republican's constitution.
violence and intimidation prevented many from voting. two were killed and 20 injured in a shoot be and grenade attack. the vote on the constitution is seen as a test for national elections later this month. over 100,000 muslims have been forced to leave the capital since the fighting began. those staying are living in protected areas. many say that they remain in constant fear for their lives. >> a call to prayer in that the central mosque is were you ever only four places are worship for the few thousand muslims who remain in the capital. 100,000 muslims were forced from their homes and thousands of others killed during the civil war. >> the c.a.r. is for all central
africans, christians and muslims. they just want to live with dignity and freedom. >> this is the district, the only safe place. it is protected by international peacekeepers. in this neighborhood, there is no conflict between muslims and christians, but danger lurks nearby. >> we cannot go to the hospital. we have sick children. if we go out, they will kill us. >> they live alongside few christians, cut from the rest of the city, deprived of education and health care. >> security and limited access to the area makes it hard to all the way a living. >> we have a problem securing merchandise. we can't go downtown to buy any goods and no one there is transporting the goods to us out of fear of getting killed. >> what started three years ago as a power grab between armed groups rapidly turned into fighting between muslim and christian rebels. especially here, christian
militias are accused of increasingly targeting muslim families. christian worshipers in this church say they just want to live in harm knee with their neighbors. for father, sunday mass is a weekly chance to pray for forgiveness and peace. >> peace goes through forgiveness. he has to review his life and admit mistakes. >> while the call for prayer sound in places of worship, the search for a long lasting peace continues. al jazeera. on: in kosovo, politicians are using tear gas in the parliament to protest. opposition leaders want the government to end deals with serbia and montenegro, one of which gives more power to the serbian community and the other marking the border withmont
negative agree. it has been 20 years since the official sign of a deal that row stored peace in bosnia-herzegovina. it ended the war in which over 100,000 people were killed. bosnia was preserved as a single state but split into two parts, a muslim federation and certain republic. the deal brought peace but reinforced ethnic divisions. we have this report. >> the siege of the city by serbian forces lasted for 44 months, the longest recorded in modern warfare. shells reigned down, killing more than 11,000 people.
monday is the 20th anniversary of the signing of the peace accords in paris that brought peace. with such a painful past, the question sarajevo maintain peace. >> there are byproducts of the war and in a way cemented by the peace accords. >> cemented too in the streets of the city, reminders of where civilians were cut down during the siege, the so-called roses
of sarajevo. >> an art gallery in the historical heart of the city, i was told about the explosion. the siege ended and strainsled any desire in her to paint. >> we all were exposed to daily shelling. our lives were so simple. we didn't know whether we would wake up the next morning alive. >> hope for the future is hard are to find in this city, a city still besieged by its past. al jazeera, sarajevo. >> there's widespread global optimism after a landmark climate change deal was agreed to in paris. that comes after weeks of tough negotiations, but some warn that the real hard work of implementing the deal that begins now. its approval by 195 countries and the european union was greated with much fanfare on
saturday night. it urges all nations to limit greenhouse gas emissions and report back every five years. some critics say the text had been diluted. we have more. >> the overall agreement is legally binding. some elements of it, including the pledges to curb emissions by individual countries are not. this means the success of the agreement dependency entirely on political will, with each country setting its own goals and even deciding whether to sign up to a five year check up on what progress its making. one of the world's leading scientists put it this way. >> it's a fraud really, a fake. it's just worthless words. there is no action, just promises. as long as fossil fuels appear to be the cheapest fuels out there, they will continue to be burned. >> the agreement resickles a prejudice from previous talks to raise $100 billion a year by 2020 from rich countries to help poor countries transform their
economies. >> overall success in tackling climate change rests as it always has, on the shoulders of individual governments. it's now up to them to honor their promises and good intentions and turn words into actions. al jazeera. >> more than 700,000 people in the central philippines have moved to safer areas after a typhoon made landfall in the east. giant waves, floods and landslides are expected, packing winds of up to 150 kilometers per hour. hour say of business confidence in japan show large manufacturers are upbeat about the economy over the last three months, some planning an increase in investments in the new year. we have this report. >> the textile company has faced many challenges over its long history. it began in 1901 with workers using age old techniques to dye
silks used for kim moan knows. at that time, hundreds of other factories were in operation apartment area became known for textile. the factory still stands on the same site, but now is one of only nine similar companies in tokyo. >> it's been our challenge from my father's time to continue production here in japan. we might be making things that china is making, but we will do something that they cannot. >> he is the fourth generation of his family to run the company. in 2011, as demand for the traditional products fell away, he created a line of designer scarves to replace lost business. he says while that's rehave. >> mated his firm, the industry will die if japan's economy doesn't continue to improve. >> relocating factories overseas
is still happening. people talk about factories returning here but i can't feel it. >> it's a familiar message from businesses across japan. while revised figures reveal that japan's economy grew by an annualized rate of 1% in the september quarter, it may take sometime for the impact to flow to business. business investment was up and private spending has also improved. >> companies are optimistic. i wouldn't expect that we will see over the next half year much more optimism, but what we see long term investment plans on improving, this is particular among smaller cross. >> the little patches of understood news in the economy should ease the pressure on japan's central bank to expand its stimulus program. the board of the bank meets later this week, but it's expected to stick to its current managery policy. the emphasis will now shift to the government, which is
preparing a supplementary budget you to give extra financial aid to families and pensioners. >> he hopes broader economic improvements continue, so he can open a store to sell directly to customers next year, and help secure his business for generations to come. al jazeera, tokyo. protestors in las vegas are protesting ahead of a final debate by politicians seeking the presidential nomination, the protestors gathered outside a luxurious hotel owned by donald trump. they are demanding an increase in the minimum wage. we have this report. >> it is a city built for excess where only the best of everything is on display and for
sale and thousands can be lost on a single game which cards. las vegas is rebounding from the recession. for people who make their play possible, things aren't quite as good, maria cleans hotel rooms for $14.86 an hour. she says it's not enough for her and her four kids, even though it's double the federal minimum wage. >> i feel like, you know, a lot of stress at home. i feel sad, you know. sometimes i have to stop paying some bills to get food for my kids, you know. that's my life, every day. >> in the shadow of the gleaming gold tower where she works, she took part in this protest march an attempt to get her coworkers to start a union in the hopes together they could demand better wages, because the person she works for, donald trump, says a higher minimum wage would be bad for the country. it's a big debate in this campaign, american wages have barely increased since the recession, so the question for politicians, should the minimum
wage be raised from $7.70 an hour. democrats say it would help the economy. >> right away, we have this direct effect where people who really need the money get it, we can always see that they really need the money, so they spend it. as that cycles through the economy, you create business opportunities and there is a broader effect that is not just getting the increase. >> republicans argue the opposite would actually happen. >> doubling the minimum wage would not help the economy. it would make our businesses less competitive. it would likely mean higher prices and lower benefits for workers and many individuals wouldn't be able to get a job at all. >> both sides have studies to back up their arguments. hers is a much more personal appeal. >> that's what they think, but we are a person, you know, we have a life at home, like they do. we deserve to have better. >> her boss disagrees, so her coworkers voted to form a union hoping if they can't change his mind for the country, they can force him to change in one part of his business empire.
al jazeera, las vegas, nevada. >> closing arguments, the jury could soon have the case of one of the first officers charged in the death of freddie gray. caught in the crossfire, diplomats trying to find a solution to end the war in syria. two popular christmas items under the microscope because of security and safety concerns.