a bomb blast in southwestern pakistan has killed at least 14 people. close to a polio vaccination center. ♪ ♪ hello and welcome to the -- to al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. i am elizabeth puranam, also ahead. >> we have to take them out. [ applause ] >> in his final state union address the u.s. president calls on politician to his confront aisles without insulting the muslim world. south korean demands tougher sanctions against eights northern neighbor ncaa neighbor to punish it for you the latest
nuclear test. and a slow and tortured process of trying to return south african land to its traditional owners. ♪ ♪ a bomb blast in southwestern pakistan has kill at least 14 people close to a polio vaccination certainty. it appears the attack in the city targeted security forces who were on their way to guard the center. police say health workers and security personnel were preparing for a door-to-door pole join vaccination drive. no one has claimed responsibility but fighters linked with al skied kid a have targeted vacs seen leg workers in the past. our correspond earth kamal hyder reports on the polio vacs neighborhood drive. >> reporter: pakistans massive campaign in the fight against polio is finally yielding results. between 2005 and 2014 pakistan's
tribal areas along the afghan border were cut off because the groups operating there warned that no immunization could take place in those territories. the government therefore missed the opportunity to immaterial nice almost immaterial yo news 0 children in in "the stream" area. >> many parts are inaccessible. we have eached every wild now. that's why we have reached the massive number of children. >> reporter: the action plan has resulted in a significant reduction in polio cases. >> translator: we weren't aware of the vaccinations earlier. now everyone is more cautious about their children's vaccinations.
>> reporter: in 2014 which was also known the deadliest year in the battle against polio, the figure was there hound six reported cases. but in 2015, that dropped to 36. a sign that a battle against polio was possible and the united nations what is confident that pakistan could be polio free by the summer of 2016. across the board never afghanistan a suicide bomber has blown himself up near the consulate killing at least four people. after coon securitafghan securir traded fire with gunmen barricaded in a house fox, more let's go to our correspondent omar live for us in the capital of kabul. what more can you tell us about this attack, omar? >> reporter: well, the latest update is that we are getting from the ministry of entire year
in kabul they put out a statement around 8:50 local time describing the attackers as terrorists attacked a police vehicle outside the pakistani consulate. they did say it was a suicide attack, the statement said two police werpolicemen were a kille attack. a number of attackers entered the guest house churches next to the area, at this time the fight is going on and they have cordoned off the area. other sources from the same area were telling us early that at least four people were killed in the attack. the fighting ongoing and they described it as very, very intense. what's interesting about that area is that it has a number of militant groups or insurgency if you will. the taliban is there. and you have also isil, is there. so at this stage we don't have any claim of responsibility,
though. >> oomar thank you very much for that. joining us live from the afghan capital kabul. now, turkey says an isil member is behind a suicide bomb attack in istanbul that targeted an area popular with tourists. 10 people were killed all of them foreigners. turkey's deputy prime minister says the suicide bomber is believed to have crossed the border from syria. many while, turkish police have carried out a series of early morning raids. officer detained 59 suspects, suspected isil fighters in the provinces o there. sue has more from istanbul. >> reporter: moments after the explosion at the foot object lusk an eerie silence and then the medics arrive. on the ground the bodies of german tourist that his came to marvel. that was before a man wearing a
suicide vest approached. one eyewitness said it shook the ground another thought it was thunder ore a clear day. >> translator: it was a suicide bomb, yes. i went there and saw it and came back to the hotel. it was chaos, earn was running around. police didn't see this coming. they were upset, but at the same time, they were trying to evacuate the area because they said a second bomb could go off. >> reporter: a peruvian tourist was also killed and 15 others wounded including norwegians and a south korean. the turkish authorities confirmed the bomber's name. they said he crossed from syria illegally as a refugees with others. he then went to a police station in istanbul to register his refugees status on january the 5th when his fingerprints were taken that's how his identity was confirmed. prime minister said the investigation would track any accomplices and called on the
world to support turkey as it had terrace after last november's attacks. >> translator: the perpetrators of this attack will be unveiled. they'll get the punishment they deserve. i call on all of hugh tan at huu need to stand in global solidarity, shoulder shoulder in the face of u istanbul and ankaa attacks like we did on the attacks in paris. >> reporter: tuesday attack in turkey is the fourth in a year. at least 102 people were killed in october in a double suicide blast on a peace rally in the capital ankara. last july, a 20-year-old suicide bomber killed over 30 people at a cultural center close to the syrian border. and the square was hit last january when a woman blew herself up killing a police officer. this attack on istanbul wasn't just meant to kill, but to strike a blow on turkey's
tourism industry. and it well could change turkey's relations with germany. soon afterwards, german chancellor angela merkel urged solidarity. >> translator: today it was istanbul. we have zeina at in paris, copenhagen, tunis and many other places. international terror chooses different places but its goal is always the same. our free life in our free society. air or assists are the enemy of all free people. yes, the enemies of all mankind whether in syria, turkey, france, or germany. >> reporter: 5 million germans visit turk i ever year. a crisis center has been set up in berlin to coordinate the response to the bombing and help those affected. the syrian conflict has already taken its toll on turkey. the country had already given shelter to 2 million refugees since the war began. and tourism figures are already well down since the attacks.
but this latest bombing in the center of istanbul in a shadow of the blue mosque will drag the country even further miles an hour the syrian conflict. al jazeera, istanbul. well fork more on that let's go to our correspondent andrew simmons live for us in istanbul the day after the attacks. what's the priority, andrew fox, police? >> reporter: well, make no mistake about it, elizabeth at the highest level there seems to be a determination to track down the accomplices of this suicide bomber. and the attack that's devastate third degree area. shaken a place steep ed in history and this new departure by isil, it would seem, if the turkish authorities are correct to actually target tourist areas. there have been arrests as all lewded to in your introduction, something lik like 59 people pud
in by security forces in five different provinces. there is no certainty that they are isil linked but they are a pattern of events taking place of security forces really going full length to get information. the prime minister who is flying from ankara to istanbul soon will see some of the victims in hospital. aside from the 10 did he goes, eight of them german, there are 15 people in the hospital right now. two of them in a critical condition, he liz beg. >> anymore information, andrew, on the identity of the suicide bomber? >> reporter: a surprisingly large amount of information on that. we have had, al jazeera has had confirmation from security
sources that they do knowinger the authorities do know the identity of the suicide bomber, they even know his name, where he's from, and his age. according to a number of police sources at a very high level they have given us his name and it's said that he crossed the border on of 5th of january from syria. he's saudi born, but say syrian sid sen and a member of isil. he came all the way to istanbul. he even i.d.ed himself on arrival here giving a fingerprint and that's the reason why it would seem that there has been such a speedy recognition of this man. now, i have to say he wasn't on any terror lists, and he was simply a person who came, possibly a refugees, they thought, came to istanbul. this gives you an idea of just the massive problem the security forces have now in trying to
contain in problem. this is the third attack that the turkish government is pinning on isil this year. by no means is it the biggest. biggest was in october when more than 100 people were killed in ankara, the double suicide bomb attack. but this has shaken the heart of this old city and it's going to have a massive impact, even bigger impact on the tourist industry of turkey following on from russia advising all of its tourists no the to come here after turkey downed a russian jet on the border. so the situation right now is really difficult. and to give you an idea of just how the fear is here, the -- some turkish media outlets are publishing a story today suggesting that the turkish intelligence agency, gave two warnings to the security forces, one in december, and another on january the 4th that this was
information that isil was planning attacks, possibly on foreigners and certainly on nonmuslims, possibly in tourist areas, but the information it would appear was fairly vague and not specific. but this is an indicator of just how tense things are here right now elizabeth. >> thank you very much, andrew, that's our correspond end andrew simmons joining us live from istanbul. u.s. military commanders want the return of two navel west sr*esless and their crews seized by the iranian navy. iran says the boars were seized for entering iranian territory. iran will return the members and the boats on wednesday but a spokesman from the iranian armed force says he's unable to confirm or deny this. he wants the u.s. government to apologize. it's the latest skirmish thing. iran denied firing rockets near u.s. warships in the gulf last month. u.s. president obama has attempted to paints an
optimistic vision of the future during his final state of the union address. he also sought to defend his record on the economy, while urging politician to his fight what he called care orism without discriminating against muslims, our white house correspondent patty culhane reports. >> the president of the united states. >> reporter: u.s. president barack obama is hoping that will be a member of his political party so he spent much of his speech detailing what he sees as accomplish. >> while making the case for democratic pry our at this, higher minimum wage, gun reform and immaterial greats reform. ed he was critical without naming them of presidentia presl candidates like donald trump who suggested a ban on muslims entering the u.s. >> when politicians insult muslims whether abroad or our fellow citizens, when a mosque is vandalized, or a kid is called names, that doesn't makes us safer.
that's not telling it like it is. it's just wrong. >> reporter: in the republican response they echo ahead a call for tolerance but promised curbs on immigrants and refugees. >> we cannot continue to allow immigrants to come here illegally n. this age of terrorism we must not let in refugees whose intentions cannot be determined. >> reporter: this is a night all about the next election. two sides laying out very different visions for the country. the president at the same time renewed his call for bipartisanship in washington saying the lack it have is one of the few reagree regrets of hs presidency that didn't change the dynamic of here for many. >> i think it's a little late for this president to lecture to us about getting a long, gets along just fine. the compromise is something his version of that is all his way. >> god bless the united states of america. at the same time, the president made it clear, he mate not give another speech, but he has
another year. and he plan to his continue to make changes with or without congress' help. patty culhane, al jazerra, washington. still ahead in the bulletin. >> people got anxious, come us to, asking did you bring more food. >> hungry for more aid finally reaches syrians starving. and with we take a look ate rising migrant population across the globe. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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good to have you with us, i am elizabeth puranam in doha. a bomb blast in southwest fax stan has killed at least 14 people close toy a polio vaccination center. it appears the attack targeted security forces who were on their way to guard the facility. we are getting reports of intense fighting between security forces and gunmen in the eastern cough began cit afgy following an attack outside the pakistani consolate that left at least four people dead. and barack obama has delivers his final state of the union address as u.s. president. he spoke about issues including fighting isil and the strength of the economy pitch he also took aim at the republican presidential hopefuls in his speech, condemning donald trump's comments about banning muslims coming to the u.s. now, the south korean military says it's fired warning shots after spotting a north korean drone approaching it's a
airspace. and earlier south korea urged china to grow stronger sanctions against north korea for its latest nuclear test. harry fawcett is live for us in seoul with more on this, harry. >> reporter: that's right, it was about two hours ago, just over accord to this ministry of defense here in south korea that an unidentified aircraft, a drone they are sega preached south korean airspace, crossing the military demarcation line within the demilitarized zone that separates these two nations the south koreans say they fired 22 warning shots at the object and then it changed course, back to the north and reentered north korean territory. on the same day as also south koreans have found thousands of anti-south korean leaflets landing in south korean territory. presumably attached to balloons the winds we were told were suitable for that to have traveled south from north korea
as well. no coincidence potentially that all this is come happening on the day of the presidential annual new year's address. and much of that address, certainly, the first chunk of it, was devoted to what happened last week, north korea's fourth nuclear test. it's traditional for a south korean president to start the new year we national address this time there was added urgency, immediately onto the subject of north koreans fourth nuclear test last week. >> translator: considering the deceitful and reckless behavior as seen in this year's nuclear test it was realized that could always be additional prop indications by north korea. south korea and the u.s. will move forward to neutralize north korea's provocative actions through strengthening joint defensive capacity. >> reporter: physical she said the u.n. security council needed to tract stricter punishment in
previous round of sanctions enough to cause real pain. and wouldn't talk about china's help. noting their opposition to the teststests tests. >> translator: i am certain china is very well aware if suh strong will is not taking place we cannot guarantee the korean peninsula. >> reporter: south korea's president has made a feature of taking a stronger line against north career's so-called provocations she says the psychological warfare of loud speaker broadcasts at the border will continue and south korean media quoted defense sources says a strike on the north korean nuclear facilities will be rehearsed in annual drills with their u.s. counterparts due in march. until pyongyang the 40 fluke test remains a triumph. state media quote kim jong un
asking his scientists for more work forward. talks about meeting a different response, a fundamentally changed response to the fourth nuclear test from the sank that his we have seen before. the problem for her and officer fellow leaders is just that, what we have heard from pyongyang yet again on wednesday the repeated assertion that it is a matter of national priority and unshakeable part of north career's national policy to pursue nuclear weapons at the same time as economic growth. that is the doctrine in north korea and all of the effort that his have tried to change that from outside north korea in the past, have so far failed. thank you very much, harry. that's harry fawcett live in seoul. now, a u.n. commission of inquiry documenting war crimes in syria is reportedly gathering evidence from residents, reports say u.n. investigators are collecting testimonies about how residents have been deprived of food in violation of
international law. the world health organization has urged the syrian government to allow mobile clinics and medical teams to assess the extent the malnutrition. trucks carrying aid reached the besieged town on monday. >> it was very, very heart break to go see that definitely food, medicines, other humanitarian aid was very much needed inside. we have seen people who are waiting for us at the checkpoints, who still couldn't really believe when the first trucks were entering that this aid is actually reaching them. people got really anxious, were coming to us asking did you bring more food because we are really hungry. >> now, the sister of a jailed saudi blogger has been sent to prison for running the twitter account of her husband who is also in jail. amnesty international says she was being held in the central prison where never brother is serving 10 years on charges of
insulting islam. her husband is serving 15 years for speaking out about human rights. now, the u.n. says the number of people who my great today foreign countries surged by 41% in the last if i have tease years to reach 244 million in 2015. victoria gatenby has more. >> reporter: most people at this refugees stpherpts serbia come from afghanistan they say they left their homes because they wanted somewhere safe tore live. there are a few of the 244 million people worldwide now living in a country other than where they were born. since 2000 the number of international migrants has risen by 41%. it includes nearly 20 million refugees. >> i find hope to starting something new in my life. if it was possible. we'll see. >> reporter: 2/3 of migrants live in europe and asia. most are work age and 48% of
women. the u.n. says migrants make a significant contribution to their host countries such as filling skill gaps and paying taxes which help to sustain economic growth. >> i think it's important in this situation, in this debate that we develop a more positive narrative about migration and what refugees can do. we have an aging population in both europe and north america. and we would have negative population figures if we hadn't had migrants in europe for instance. >> reporter: the united states is the country with the largest number of the world's migrants, it has 47 million. a fifth of the total. but getting there is not always easy. around 8,000 cuban migrants have been stranded in a camp in costa rica for more than a month. anything ranicaragua refuse todm cross in their territory. two weeks ago agreements were allowed to let them continue to the united states.
these cubans or the first flight out. under u.s. law any cuban who neighbors it onto u.s. soil is a through apply to residency. >> it's a great joy. i can't describe it because we have been waiting for so long. and we didn't know how it would all end. but thank god it happened. >> reporter: migrants made up just 3.3% of the global population in 2015. up from 2.8% 15 years ago. still international migration is growing faster than the world's population. with significant consequences for many regions. victoria gatenby, al jazeera. now to south africa and the legacy of apartheid. most land still owned by white south africans despite a promise by the ruling party to return a third of the land to the black majority. more than 60,000 land claims are awaiting settlement as tania page reports. >> reporter: he is one of the biggest landowners in south africa in this province, he
keeps some of the iconic animals and grows crops but they may not be his forever. five different community who were moved off the land by a white minority government in the early 1900s say his land belongs to them. >> i am quite prepared physical they give me a fair market related price to sell the whole farm. >> reporter: so far the government hasn't met his price. but it may not have to if it succeeds in changing the rules so that an independent body sets the price, he says the uncertainty has stalled his plans for build a renewable energy power plant on the farm and create 400 jobs. >> the biggest problem i have is unsure. we are totally unsure, will we be here tomorrow? will we be here in five years, 10 years time? i would love to get surety from government and whatever they decide they are the government of the day, we will couldn't.
>> reporter: in 1994 it's estimated that 82 million hectors of land was owned by whites. the governing african national congress party promised to redistribute 30%, but only 4.2 million-hectares has been returned. that is his farm below. some of the people claiming it live up here on the mountain every day they look down on his success hoping one day it could be theirs, the land is dry, steep and stoney. it's almost impossible to grow anything. he remembers when the community first claimed the land 15 years ago. >> if we get that land, we think that we'll thanks the lord but if we look our land is so beautiful and flat and water is available down there. so if we got that land, hey, we are very happy. >> reporter: the land could transform the lives of the people here and change this community's future. but theirs is just one of 65,000 land claims still to be settled. leaving families like this with
an uncertain future. tania page, al jazeera, south africa. just a reminder that you can always keep up to date with all of the news on our website that's at aljazeera.com. >> and the white house trying to rein them in today. thank you for joining us i'm joie chen. tonight a look at crime, justice and what may prove president obama's last major campaign. an all-out effort to force change in the criminal justice system. a key part reducing the sentences that many consider excessive for minor drug crimes. much identified is in need of