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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 15, 2016 1:00pm-2:01pm EST

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i'm tony harris. the news continues next live from london nch ♪ >> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello i'm david foster, it is 6:00 pm here in london, 1800 gmt, wherever you are watching this al jazeera news hour. a mobile clinic is sent to madaya. the u.n. says 32 people have starved to death there in the last 30 days. we are not afraid. indonesians gather outside of the jakarta cafe which was attacked on thursday. six people are critically ill after a medical trial goes wrong
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in france. and a tv comic is sworn in as guatemala's president. and i'll be here with all of the day as sport, including joe root scores a century for england. ♪ the world food program says seem in madaya have toll them that 32 people there have starved to death during the last month. the united nations children's program unicef says its workers saw a teenager die of malnutrition on thursday, and another two people died on friday. the syrian red crescent has sent a mobile clinic and a team to
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madaya? >> reporter: the bombs and guns come and go, but hunger has been constant for many in this town. now for the first time in months, people in madaya are getting outside help. truckloads of food, medicine, and doctors are streaming in, although for many people it's too late community workers say hunger has killed more than 30 people in the past month. >> translator: when we entered madaya we heard of children in need. cases of malnutrition. we saw the cases, and hoped we could get them out of madaya to be taken care of in our centers. >> reporter: that will require permission from the forces that cut off the town in the first place. fighters supporting syria's president have controlled madaya for months until now it has been hard to verify activist videos that accuse the government of deliberately starving its
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population. it's the same government that is now allowing foreign aid workers in. what they found may be evidence of war crimes by both the government and the rebels. >> u.n. teams have witnessed the scenes that haunt us all, the elderly and children, men and women, who are little more than skin and bones, gaunth, severely malnourished, so weak they could barely walk, and utterly desperate. >> reporter: here more trucks head to two shia -- villages this time held by rebel groups. their people are also said to be starving. it's not clear if those who let them starve will ever be punished. >> we spoke with a nutrition advisor for the world food program joining us now via skype from damascus.
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tell us, if you can, what you saw there, and whether you think this has made very much difference at all. >> yes, thank you. as you may be aware, the last aid convoy that was able to access madaya was in october of last year, and since then the people did not have access to food supplies. it was a desperate situation, and we learned that people have been eating whatever was available, spiders mixed with water, even grass and tree leaves, so yes, that was the situation that we saw. >> what about the relief that they perhaps felt to know this was coming, and also the anguish that they weren't going to be able to get out, and who knows when the next convoy was going to come? >> yes, i mean, we were able to deliver very well, enough food for 40,000 families in madaya, which will be enough to last for
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one month, and obviously there was a sense of relief in the community. however, u.n. would like to stress that we need continued access to these areas, so if we can continue to provide the food, not just in madaya, but we have to remember, there are 4.5 million people living in a similar situation in the areas that are besieged and hard-to-reach areas across syria. >> it's hard for you, i know to express political comment in this, but when you heard the syrian government say it was not using starvation as a weapon of war, what did you think? in >> again, i think as a humanitarian actors we would ask all parties to provide us access to provide the very basic need which is food in this situation, so we avoid the situation that we saw in madaya yesterday. >> 40,000 people there.
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we hear that 30-plus have died of malnutrition within the last month. how many more people are desperately ill there, would you say? >> it was very difficult in the short span of time that we were there to judge, but definitely we need to be able to continue providing the nutritious food that we were able to provide in these two convoys, and so that we avoid the situation of malnutrition especially for children and also for pregnant and lactating mothers. >> and when you were talking to people about the medical needs rather than the -- the food needs there, what did they tell you about the conditions of the people? and what they would need to do to help them? >> yes, i think what we felt very strongly was that food was the most important need that people were feeling, even though
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there were other supplies which were receiveded we are. however, people were anxious to know when bread was coming or when wheat flour would be available. obviously that tells us what the priorities are in terms of survival at the moment. >> we thank you talking to us there from the world food program in damascus. >> thank you very much. russia says that its forces in syria have the new objective of delivering humanitarian aid, and is calling on all sides in the conflict to ensure that this aid gets into areas blockaded by rebel fighters. an official says russian planes have delivered 22 tons of food around a city that is held by the government. other parts are held by isil. >> translator: currently, chief assistance is being delivered to the city which has long been under siege by isil terrorists.
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today syrian military cargo jets equipped with russian parachutable palates, delivered tons of cargo into the town. at least 20 civilians lost their lives after their homes were fired on by government forces. the syrian army let lose with heavy artillery on the outskirts of damascus. earlier this week, a child was killed and another -- or several others were wounded when russian air strikes hit a kindergarten. iraq's top shiite cleric is urging the government there to do more to stop sectarian violence. an attack happened on monday that was claimed by isil.
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apparent reprisals have since been delivered. the ayatollah delivered this message. >> translator: a few days ago a town witnessed terrorist attacks, and gretable attacks on several mosques and houses of civilians which will have dangerous consequences. as we strongly condemn these attacks, we place full responsibility on the government security forces for their repetition. >> let's here from mohammed jamjoom in baghdad. >> reporter: after a week in which the flames of sectarian were fanned once more in the province, iraq's top shiite cleric delivered a sermon on friday, in which he condemned the wave of violence these past several days, and also laid blame at the government for not doing more to prevent these
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attacks. the bombing started on monday. the next day, started seeing reprisal tit-for-tat attacks in which sunni mosques in the area, as well as shops owned by sunnis in the area were fire bombed. it has gotten worse these past several days. there is a high sense of alert across the country about the sectarian lines deepening. one of the great concerns about this wave of violence is if sectarianism gets worse, analysts here worry that will effect iraq's security forces fight against isil. iraq security forces currently trying to dislodge control of key towns in this country from the hands of isil, the fight in ramadi still going on. iraq security forces still have to try to take back mosul from isil as well, and also clashes in and arrange the tikrit airplania. a time of great concern when this violence is only causing
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more people to worry. >> let's bring in a mrit l editor of middle east magazine. it's all very well for the ayatollah to say the government has to do more. what more could do it? >> i think it was important that he said that. he is about politics. he does not really get involved in politics. he rarely makes a statement, but because this sunni mosques were bombed and he has always been -- even when the shiite were the underdog, he always urged not to take advantage of attacks, so he has to be seen to getting unity together. because the previous iraqian government was accused of being sectarian pro-sunni. so he wants to appeal for unity. now he's urging the government not to make the same mistakes
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that the previous government did, which is not doing enough to protect -- >> i'm wondering whether his message was more to the shiite population, and those people who are carrying out tit-for-tat attacks. it is sort of a calm down -- >> calm down, and also reminder. it's not just the government in power that has those sort of [ inaudible ] of support that blocks in the iraqi parliament, the leaders of communities and so on, so they actually make the whole base of the government, and this message to them, as well as you correctly said to the largest community of the population there. >> he makes the point that this is fuelling sectarian tensions, which it is. how dangerous would you say it is at the moment? >> it is very dangerous. it's not exactly shiite, but it's the sunni, because yes,
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iran, saudi arabia are at odds against each other, but for example, you get sunni forces like hamas in gaza which are anti-saudi, or saudi is anti-iran and so on, but it is political, but, again, if the sunni community there in iraq feel alienated they will be less likely to support the government and the coalition forces in the fight against isil. therefore his message is very important, that yes, we are a large shiite source, but i am also concerned about you. >> in terms of the day of the week, friday, being the most religious day in muslim week, it is quite likely his message will be listened to by a lot of people. >> it is likely to be listened
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to. the shiite is some kind of community, one community, one authority. the sunni are fragmented. so it is strong, and secondly for the liberals in the arab world using social media like facebook, i mean the mosque for these people is the social media. >> good to see you again. and thank you very much indeed for your thoughts on that. coming up on the news hour, only hours after the west african ebola outbrake is declared over, a new case is confirmed in sierra leone. plus taking aim at trump, republican rivals turn on the presidential hopeful. and we have sport, farah will explain why this two-time grand slam winner is warming up
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well for the australian open. ♪ it has been a tough day for the global markets with oil prices continuing to slip. [ cheers and applause ] >> reporter: smiles, but little reason to really grin. this is wall street opening. it went down straight away. all of the major u.s. markets did the same. the dow dropping more than 500ing points. and this is what happened in europe down, and down in asia as well. plunging oil price is the main drag. the world bench market for that product now trading at about 9 $29.20 a barrel. >> translator: if the oil price heads for $20 it will be fatal for many economies. they have considerably less
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purchasing power. already now none of the opec countries have an balanced budget. they are running into debt. in that is something completely new, and the world economy is rather slow. the wore from indonesian police is they now have identified four of the five jakarta bombers. our reporters in jakarta is step vaessen. >> reporter: they have been accused of being caught off guard. police in indonesia is now trying to find out who was involved in thursday's attack. they say they have evidence that an exconvict who joined isil in syria may have planned the attack. >> he gave the order from syria. but he has also the chief in -- in [ inaudible ]. but he is the one, basically,
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you know, preparing this operation. >> reporter: this alleged leader is still on the run. three other men were arrested in a suburb, suspected of plotting an attack. police have not confirmed if they are involved in thursday east attacks. analysts say an estimated 120 indonesians have been trained to commit isil-inspired attacks. >> they have training camps. they have been to syria, and fighting as war lords in the junking -- jungle. we have information that they received money from isil from uyghur people in china. >> reporter: analysts say the authorities were taken by surprise on thursday. stricter anti-terrorism laws are being discussed in parliament, but the government says it would rather focus on what is called soft approach. >> look at u.s. experience in afghanistan, iraq, and somewhere else, with hard approach, not solve the problem.
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it will make the -- you know, the situation become much worse. >> reporter: indonesia's largest muslim organization with more than 40 million members together with leaders from other religions has called isil an enemy of islam. they are planning a peace rally this weekend to condemn isil. >> translator: terrorists are our own common enemy. terrorism is against humanity, against religion, especially against islam. authorities are conducting raids in several parts of the country, hoping soon to announce some significant arrests. step vaessen, al jazeera, jakarta. well there are a lot of people in jakarta who appear absolutely determined to show they won't be scared by what happened on thursday. wayne haye went to meet a few of
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them in the indonesian capitol. >> reporter: there was no sign of fear at the site of the attack after five men came here armed with guns and explosives. instead people came to the area outside of the shopping mall in jakarta for a peace rally. >> this country is strong. this country is not weak. we are united. that indonesia is a multi-cultural place, and because of that, it's not easy to shake us. >> reporter: it's too early for defiance, though for family members of those caught up in the violence, the names of the injured are listed outside of hospitals. there is an increase in security in some areas, but this sprawling city has largely returned to normal. there has been a strong rejection of this attack by indonesians particularly on social media with hashtags like brave jakarta, and we're not
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afraid. eddie has been cooking on the streets for ten years. he says he refuses to be scared away. >> translator: the attack was very close to me, but there's nothing i can do. if i don't work, what can i do? >> reporter: the solidarity that has been shown in a relatively short space of time since the attack is something people in jakarta say they haven't seen before. >> i think this is a mark of defiance, we want to show we're not afraid of this intimidation by the terrorists, and that's why you see an outpouring that is not coordinated, nothing, but people are just out here. >> reporter: there will also be nervousness, but for now, the people here say they won't be defeated. a number of countries in asia have raised their security level after what happened in jakarta. a number of embassies have been
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closed in the capitol. and security has been increased from the island bali. in the philippine there is a heightened alert, although the president say there is no credible threat there. a number of malaysians have travelled to syria to join isil. thailand boosted its alert level, saying the indonesian act should serve as a, quote, wake-up call. german police say they are watching as many as 400 potential isil fighters. it says the number of fighters returning to gurney from syria and iraq is on the rise. but the number of people leaving the country to fight with groups such as isil is falling. he says the number of fighters coming back has gone up simultaneously. french investigator
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confirmed the identity of one of the attackers from last year. blowing himself up during a standoff with police five days after the rampage. investigators identified the belgian moroccan based on dna tests. 130 people died during the coordinated assault. one man is brain dead another five are critically ill after an experimental drug was given to 90 people in a french clinical trial. the participate pnths were admitted after taking the painkiller earlier in the week. >> reporter: it was a clinical trial that went badly wrong. now with one person declared brain dead and five others in hospital, the french health minister has ordered an investigation.
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>> translator: the families are devastated. we'll make sure they are given all of the answers, particularly as right now i'm not aware of any comparable case. what has happened is unprecedented and requires the greatest possible vigilance in the coming investigation. >> reporter: the drug was being trailed at this private clinic in western france. it was meant to act on the bodies system which deals with pain. >> translator: the condition of the other patients got worse over the first few days of this week. and today four of the five other patients have neurological problems. one patient did not have any symptoms, but of course is under intensive surveillance. >> reporter: a lawyer for the victims says there was clearly some kind of oversight. >> translator: how come in 2016 with all of the means we have, such an accident can still happen. at this moment i have unfortunately no idea. has there been a human error?
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i can't believe of a coincidence. new case of ebola has been confirmed in sierra leone months after their country was declared free of the virus. the victim who died in the district was a 22-year-old woman student. she potentially exposed 27 others to ebola. she was living in a house with 22 other people, and was treated as an out patient at hospital. this is only a day after the world health organization said the west africa ebola outbreak was over, as all known chains of transmission had been stopped. the epidemic killed more than 11,300 people over two years. now the world health organization says the job is not done. >> there are teams on the ground from the ministry of health, supported by international
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partners, and right now there is work being done to see -- to trace contacts obviously. to see who could have been exposed and to make sure that all necessary measures are being done to stop this flairup as soon as possible. and this really reinforced the message that these countries are facing a risk of new cases coming, so the job is not over, flairups are possible, and we have to be ready to respond to them. the united nations is warning of the escalation of the ethnic violence in burundi. it says it's documented testimonies of gang rapes and of mass graves. at least 439 people have been killed in the violence that has come after the president's announcement that he wants a third term in office as president. the former defense minister and three former generals have been sentenced to life in jail for
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their part in a coup to topple the president. kenya's president says a somebody of kenyan troops have been killed in an al-shabab attack. kenya has given no indication of the number of casualties, but al-shabab say their fight ores have killed at least 63 troops. our correspondent has covered the region extensively and sent this update. >> reporter: the attack in southwestern somali, not far away from the border, a group of al-shabab fighters first rammed the gates to the camp with a vehicle laden with explosives before fighting their way into the camp. residents told al jazeera that they saw kenyan soerlsd fleeing from the camp, some of them in vehicles, some of them on foot, and they say they saw many bodies. al-shabab fighters are said to
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have taken from the camp arms and ammunitions, which they took away with vehicles belonging to the defense forces. it's not the first time they are attacking the african union. this is the fourth time in two years that they have carried out such an attack. and there are two main reasons. first of all they want to show they are still a force to reckon with, despite losing some of their major strong holds and main sources of revenue to african union peace keepers, they also want to use these attacks to rearm themselves to get arms and ammunitions from these bases they have been attacking, because they no longer have access to the sea ports which they used to use for rearming themselves. stay with us, we have this coming up. i'm lawrence lee in the sounds between denmark and sweden, which has turned into a
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new people smuggling route. also this u.s. water crisis where people in one city are being given bottles by the national guard since high lead levels have been found in their drinking water. and in sport, a pakistani cricketer who was banned for being a cheat is back on the team. ♪
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>> these people have decided that today they will be arrested. >> i know that i'm being surveilled. >> people are not getting the care that they need. >> this is a crime against
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humanity. >> hands up... >> don't shoot. >> hands up... >> don't shoot. >> what do we want? >> justice. >> when do we want it? >> now. >> explosions going on... we're not quite sure - >> is that an i.e.d.? ♪ >> these are the top stories, people in the syrian town of madaya, have told officials from the world food program that 32 people have starved to death in the last month. another two are believed to have died on friday. iraq's shop shiite cleric is urging the government to do more to stop sectarian violence. and a manhunt underway in indonesia as police try to track down the man they believe was in
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charge of thursday's attacks in jakarta. border controls have been reinstated between sweden and denmark, but a new sea route has opened up for refugees and it could be the most dangerous so far. take a look at the channel. it's part of the baltic sea, and it is pretty small just 4 kilometers between denmark and sweden. it's not far, but the waters are parishingly cold, down to 12 degrees centigrade even in the summer, and those waters also filled with cargo ships, but since the rail and road routes have been made much harder, authorities fear that many people may well take a risk on the boat journey. dane initial activists have transported dozens of refugees into sweden. lawrence lee reports from
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sweden. >> reporter: the migrant reception center is already full of people. these men, women, and children are all new arrivals, which means they have all come in the small period since sweden introduced border controls to try to stop them. one way or another, they are still finding a way. >> there are a possibility to still get to sweden in some other way, some kind of illegal entry, and that will still happen. >> reporter: by road and rail, the obviously routes, the authorities are checking people's credentials, but some have still found a way through. but denmark's sailing culture and liberal activism are playing to the refugees advantage. these young people are part of a bigger group which has carried dozens to sweden because they already have families there, and it's free of charge. they do not fit any profile of what you regard people smugglers as looking like. >> when you think about
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smugglers, you think about people earning a lot of money from -- from helpless people. that's not what we are doing. we are helping people. giving them food. we are good sailors and we are not charging anything for what we do. >> far more dangerous attempts however, are beginning to happen. at least one inflatable boat of the sort seen every day between turkey and greece has made this crossing. if you capsized here in a storm, you wouldn't last half an hour in the water. the swedish coast guard has been put on high alert. >> for sure it would be more dangerous for them, and the water is super cold. it could be rough weather and most people are not prepared for those kind of waters. >> reporter: this isn't the first time this sound has been used as a people smuggling route.
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during the second world war when copenhagen was occupied by the nazis, fishermen would take jews across. the reason why a route has grown up here now is because scandinavian countries have started to close their borders to refugees. if the border controls go on, then inflatable dingies may end up being the choice for refugees who want to see their families across the water. that would be the most desperate journey. lawrence lee, al jazeera, between denmark and sweden. authorities in the german town have banned male refugees from using a local pool after complainting about harassment. the pool has a refugees shelter nearby. a member of the local
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social services department says the pool was a scene of repeated incidents where young men made assaults on women. now to yemen where houthi fighters have release administer and four others in what is said to be a goodwill gesture ahead of peace talks. the special envoy says dedespite a delay, in the next round of talks, he is making progress. >> translator: i confirm to you that the release of the minister of education and four other activists and journalists have been secured. they have been held for the past few months, and i have received official confirmation from the release of the group and of their health and safety. firstly being minister of defense, and three others. 12 academics have been arrested in turkey for
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denouncing military operations against kurdish people in the east. they are just 12 out of more than 1200 scholars who signed a declaration calling on ankara to stop massacres in the southeast of the country. to the united states where the governor of michigan, rick sneijder is asking the u.s. president to issue an emergency and major disaster declaration after a drinking water crisis in the city of flint. people have been lining up for bottled water being handed out by the u.s. national guard. high levels of lead were found in the city drinking water. john, this was a cost-cutting measure that lead to the problems in the first place. >> reporter: that's right. they wanted to save money so
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they went from taking the water from detroit's water system to taking it from flint's own flint river. well that river had been used as kind of an industrial sue ere for many years, when the auto industry was here. it has a low tax base so in an effort to save money that made this switch. in that water was very corrosive, ate away at the pipes, and lead in the pipes leached into the water. lead causes brain damage. >> you also can't get rid of lead from your body, that's one of the major problems, right? so there are two sides to this. the practical side of what do they do about it? and what are they doing about the medical side, john? >> reporter: well, the medical
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side is the difficult part, because it takes years for any of these symptoms to show up in this children. so that's a major problem, but when it comes to the relatively short-term problem of actually trying to fix these pipes, that's over a billion dollars in a city that has just been devastated. it lost 80,000 jobs in the 1980s when general motors pulled out of here a it has a population now of about a hundred thousand. and that's why they are k looking for the federal government for help. and the city has been run by an emergency manager appointed by the state. so people are very angry at the republican lead state -- the governor is a republican and so is the legislature. so a lot of the people standing behind me are saying not very kind things about the michigan government. >> john, thank you, and the people you can see there are the
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ones suffering. there are just two weeks to go until the first primary elections in the united states, and republican presidential hopefuls have taken part in what turns out to have been their sixth debate. two front runners, on the one side, donald trump, on the other ted cruz got pretty heated with one another. allan fisher was there to see it in this charleston, south carolina. >> reporter: seven candidates on stage, the first caucus just over two weeks away. there were sharp attacks on president obama, on hillary clinton, and each other. >> you worry most of all about keeping your homes and families safe and secure. you cannot give hillary clinton a third term of barack obama's leadership. >> the idea that somehow we're better off today than the day that barack obama was
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inaugurated president of the united states is totally an alternative universe. >> the next commander in this chief is standing on this stage. [ cheers and applause ] >> and i give you my word if i'm elected president no serviceman or woman will be forced to be on their knees and any nation that captured our fighting men and women will feel the full force of fury of the united states of america. >> reporter: one of the loudest exchanges was between the two front runners, when temperature suggested that cruz couldn't be president because he was born in canada. but this debate did highlight significant policy differences. >> all muslim's seriously? what kind of message does that send to the rest of the world? >> if we do not know who you are and why you are coming, when i
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am president you are not getting into the united states of america. >> our country is a mess, and we can't let these people come in and break our borders. >> reporter: the attacks point to where the candidates see their biggest threat. with polls just over two weeks away there is a need to make an impact. this debate is said to have sharpened the focus of who is really capable of winning the nomination. now it's on to iowa, the vote and the decision of the voters. a former tv comedian has been sweern in as guatemala's knew president. from guatemala city, david mercer reports. ♪ >> reporter: back on the streets, hundreds of protesters marched to guatemala city's central mark. six months ago, citizens groups were aiming to take down a
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president accused of corruption. now they are here to send a message to the new president. >> translator: this year we are starting by demanding that the government is transparent, and that it is honest, like it should be. >> reporter: moralez was sworn in on thursday afternoon. the 46 year old, said he will take the country on a new course. >> translator: a new guatemala is possible, and it's worth the struggle. things could be better, but things don't change overnight. and only we can create that change. we are passing from the darkness of corruption to the dawn of transparency. >> reporter: he surprised the nation when he won the presidential runoff. his lack of political experience was his best weapon in a country battered by a series of
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corruption scandaling that brought down top politicians. analysts say moralez won't have much time to rebuild public trust. >> it is the make or break year. we're finally going to know what he is made of. we're finally able to know if he is able to make up a team that is going to support him. >> reporter: he will be under scrutiny nationally and internationally, but his greatest obstacles might come from within the political system. it's here that his future will be determined, but with his party having less than 10% of the seats, experts predict that it will be incredibly difficult for him to push through any significant reforms. ♪ >> reporter: with thousands of people planning another demonstration on saturday, guatemalan's say their people's movement is here to stay, a
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message being sent loud and clear to the country's new president. david mercer, al jazeera, guatemala city. and now down to the south of africa, south africa, in fact, and the government there has built more than 500 free houses. it's where 54 minors died in 2012 during a protest demanding better living conditions. the mining community says the government simply has shth distributed the new homes fairly. >> reporter: 75-year-old dora tidies her new turn anywhered home. it was given to her by the government a week ago. she says before that, she was homeless. >> i suffered. but now i'm here, you know. i'm very, very happy. >> reporter: but she says workers from the surrounding mine are threatening her. >> all of the mines
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[ inaudible ] here from [ inaudible ] and they come here to me. they say take your -- get out of the house. because we don't know you. >> reporter: despite being told to leave, she says she is determined to stay. people here say minors laid claim to some of the homes by spray painting their names on walls like this one. the owner of this home nearby fled after an angry mob threatened to kill him. this is a mine worker at the neighboring mine. he says he was not one of the minors who threatened people here, but he is still angry. >> translator: we are going to fight, because people who are moving into these houses are not from here. there are people like me who need these houses. >> reporter: the minors say they are frustrated with living in tin-shack houses, flooded streets, and poor sanitation. in 2012 police shot dead 54
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minors along these shacks while they were protesting over better pay and living conditions. a local mining company donated land to the government to build new homes, but the government says these companies should play a greater role in social development. >> we have taken the decision that we are going to be [ inaudible ] as far as social labor plans are concerned. this taking of corners, they don't realize is a threat to their own business. so as soon as they come to the party, that mitigation against risk for their own business. >> reporter: the government says not all minors are eligible for the free housing scheme, because they earn more than the qualifying monthly salary. for minors here too poor to live better but too rich to get housing assistance, the anger
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continues. has this made a difference to delhi's lethal pollution levels. i'm andy richardson in rwanda, a country getting ready to host its biggest-ever sporting event. ♪
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a drive willing ban in india's capitol saw more than a million cars simply taken off of the road. there are critics who say it will take much more than a
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15-day tryout to reduce the smog that covers the city. faiz jamil, if we can see him, reports. >> reporter: many commuters like this man drive to work alone. there is a lack of public transit in many areas, and scar -- car pooling is not popular. that's what makes the skies look like this. the government brought in a ban on cars. on the days he couldn't drive his car, he takes a taxi, and has noticed a difference in his commute. >> it takes less time. it was taking about an hour, and 15 or 20, and i'm now able to get there in about 45 minutes. police have fined thousands
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of people for violating the ban, but most have followed it. but the ban's overall effectiveness is still in doubt. pollution levels have gone down according to government figures, but some argue that may have as much to do with the weather as the ban. >> people will start finding alternatives -- >> this scientists says vehicle emissions contribute only a small portion to pollution. >> there are so many sources. you have industries using coal, you have [ inaudible ], and [ inaudible ] in the residential complexes which are coming up in the surroundings of the city, and they all contribute to the problem. >> reporter: but many say overall pollution cannot go down without including vehicles? a broader plan. >> to intensify public transit
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services, that is a system we really want to make for the city, which should be sustained even after the program is over. >> reporter: but he says his well-maintained gasoline car emits less pollution than the deel taxi that arrives. he hopes the government will rework the ban so it will be more effective the next time it's implemented. now time for the sport with farah. >> thank you so much. joe root started on the test. south africa's bollers really put england under pressure, reducing them from 91 to 4. and stabilizing england's innings, with a fifth wicket
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standing before stokes was removed for 58. route went on to complete his century. bad weather ending play with england on 238-5. mohamed has played his first match for pakistan after completing a five-year ban for spot fixing. he took one wicket in the 16-run victory. he served a three-month prison sentence after being convicted of conspiracy in a match in england in 2010. the senior manager of operations at the international senator for sport security, he says amir's penalty and return to the game sends an important message. >> if you are going to try to cheat, then the sport is being monitored for this sort of activity. it will be spotted. and you will be punished. and players may face the end of
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their career with this sort of -- with this sort of case. amir in a sense is a special case because he was 18. he was incredibly talented. if this happens to a 25-year-old cricketer then their career is over. it also means he will be under the spotlight going forward, and finally, this also shows that there is a path for rehabilitation for athletes, and this is very critical in terms of professional governance of sports. and it will also mean and also help players coming forward to report corruption in the future. [ inaudible ] has clenched two wins in just one day to claim the sydney international title. they held their semifinal on thursday. she came back for this final just hours later winning in just
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55 minutes. rwanda is getting ready to host the biggest event in its sporting history. saturday sees the african nations championship kicking off. andy richardson reports. >> reporter: football is everywhere you look in rwanda, but never before has the country been home to a sporting tournament of this importance. 16 teams are here for the african nation's championship. of a lower profile than the african cup of nations where foreign-based players can be selected, it is meant to strengthen african leagues. >> the vast majority of player at the african cup of nation are not playing in africa, so there was space to provide a platform for other players that are excellent that cannot necessarily reach the national
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team. >> reporter: for rwanda's opening game against the ivory coast, this stadium will be full. but their team doesn't have a great track record of tournament success. their only previous appearance saw them with three straight losses. >> really, we're using examples like south korea when they hosted the world cup in 2002. nobody gave south korea a lot of hope, but the emotion and energy within the country can start a tidal wave of positive energy. >> reporter: the players also have the incentive of what they could achieve beyond this tournament and beyond re-wanda. >> premier league, spain, france, all players, all talent we have, they don't have to live a long time here, just when they are detected by agent
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they -- they are moving directly. so it is the reality we have to accept it. >> reporter: so while leaving rwanda may be the ambition of many young players here, this event, gives them a chance to focus on football within their own borders. and that's all of your sport. it's back to david. >> thank you, farah, we're going to take you up into space right now. take a look at tim peek. it was a pretty tricky mission we're told at the international space station. he and another astronaut were replacing a part that failed a couple of months ago. what they were doing had to be stopped when a water bubble was found in his helmet. that's it from our news hour team. felicity barr is up next.
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see you soon. bye-bye.
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doctors treat the sick and hungry in madaya, the besieged syrian town where 32 people have starved to death in a month. ♪ hello there i'm felicity barr and this is al jazeera live from london. also coming up. iraq's top shiite cleric urges the government to do more to stop sectarian violence. indonesian police arrest three suspects a day after deadly attacks in the heart of jakarta. one man is left brain dead and five more