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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 19, 2016 9:00am-9:31am EST

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the u.n. raises the a large saying the level of violence in iraq has been staggering. also ahead, libya's rival political factions announce the formation of a long awaited unity government. chinese stocks rise despite official physician suggesting the slowest economic growth in 25 years. boycotting the oscars, u.s. filmmaker spike lee won't attend what he calls a lily white award ceremony.
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the united nations is describing the levels of violence against civilians in iraq as staggering. a new report is based on firsthand testimony from victims that say at least 18,000 civilians have lost their lives in the conflict between the start of 2014 and october 2015. the report detailed how at least 3.2 million people have been displaced in the past two years, and around 3,500 civilians, many yazidi women and children are being held as slaves by isil. we have more from baghdad. >> a new u.n. report paint ago very bleak picture for the civilian population of iraq, the report saying between january and october of last year, nearly 19,000 civilians killed because of the various conflicts here in iraq.
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already, we know there are 3.2 million internally displaced people in iraq, at least 1 million of that 3.2 million is comprised of children. as i said, a very stark reminder of just how dire the situation remains here in iraq, the report going to great lengths to remind people that the government here needs much more assistance from the international community to ensure that those internally displaced families, those people that have had to relocate are able to actually return to their home cities and hometowns. one of the reasons it's been so difficult to do that is because many members of different communities are afraid to go back to their hometowns for various reasons. one reason is because in many of these places, the infrastructure is still devastated, houses are still raised and the real cleanup hasn't begun. another reason is rising sectarian tensions. a couple of examples, just in the past week, we were in erbil.
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we talked to members of the yazidi community. they are afraid to go back to sinjar because the town is still did he have today and because mosul which is next door is still overtaken by isil. another example, in anbar province, there are members of the sunni community that are afraid to go back to their hometowns because they will be targeted by shia militias. a very complicated situation on the ground, much more so for the civilian population, something this human report is trying to highlight. >> joining us now is the spokeswoman for the u.n. high commission for human rights. lots to talk in this report. i'd like to focus on the yazidi slaves, the women and children. what are you hearing about them and why is it so difficult to get to them? >> we are hearing that there are about 3,500 people who continue to be enslaved by isil, but
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predominantly women and children and predominantly from the yazidi community. we have documented really horrible violations committed by isil committed against religious and ethnic minorities and people have been executed for operating the wrong way. children have been abducted and recruited and executed for running from the front lines of war. >> the problem in iraq, you have government forces who are behind aastrosties, the militia, there are so many players, so many sources of this violence. >> that's exactly right. civilians are complete caught in the to say fire. when you look at the death toll, more than 18,800 civilians have been killed since january, 2014. this is an underestimate. we have not been able to access certain areas of iraq because of security constraints or because they're isil occupied or because
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of on going conflict. the real death toll could be considerably higher than we've documented. this only includes people who have been killed as a direct result of violence. this does not include those who have died due to lack of access to food or health care. >> how problematic is this and what sort of impact is it having on the internally displaced and sort of aid that they need to receive? >> we are talking about 3.2 million people who have become internally displaced, including 1 million children of school going age. they're in a very difficult situation. sometimes when they do manage to flee, for example, when they do manage to flee isil controlled areas, they can be caught, taken back and executed for attempting to flee and then made a public spectacle or if they do manage to flee, sometimes they are then having to fight pro-government forces. they are suspected of affiliation with isil with, some
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of them are expelled back. it's away untenable situation for them and we're not even talking about the humanitarian aspects of the situation. >> what would you like to see being done? what are the conversation that is need to be had? >> this is one conversation, the one you and i are having right now is a very important one, because it's bringing the situation in iraq back into the headlines. people have been fleeing iraq, iraqi refugees trying to come to europe but there is no coverage of what exactly it is that they are fleeing. these are the horrors they are fleeing. it's important for the international community to understand in great detail and depth the kind of situations that these civilians in iraq are fleeing. they need to insist an international human rights law and humanitarian law need to be fully respected by all parties to the conflict. there were needs to be accountability. the international criminal court needs to get involved to ensure that there is justice.
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thank you for talking to us. >> thank you. syria's rival political factions announced the makeup of a new unity government. the two sides signed a deal last month. under the that agreement, a presidential council was formed, presently based in tanus and now named the government of 32 ministers. we have more from tunis. >> the announcement of a national unity government is seen as a significant step forward, because we're talking about a country that has been struggling to put an end to the political impasse. there have been marathon talks in morocco which resulted in the formation of the presidential council. now, there is a national unity government. this is a government which is going to take over. they will have to convince the different factions to disarm and
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join the national army. it will have to take on isil, which has expanded in a coastal area that stretches towards misrata, a major concern because they are worried isil could use that area as a platform to launch attacks against europe. we are talking about libya that has been divided since 2011. i think this national unity government needs to reach out to different factions in libya to convince them to work in the spirit of consensus, but we are seeing some signs in libya, in the east, also in tripoli and misrata of discontent over this national unity government. it's been rejected by tripoli, by some power factions in misrata and a legitimate parliament of the internationally recognized parliament in toborov is divided. this is a massive task facing this new national unity government as it aims to bring
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peace and stability to libya. >> china's economy is growing at its slowest rate in 25 years, according to date that analysts say could be broughtly in line with the government target. we have more from beijing. >> for years, china has been the world's factory, relying on low manufacturing costs to make goods cold worldwide. more than 20 years of record-breaking growth propelled china from communism to consumerism. now the chinese economy is stalling and the slowdown is hurting many other economies worldwide. commodity exporters have relied on china as a buyer for years are now also struggling. analysts say a slowdown is inevitable, given how much the chinese economy has grown in recent years. they say high speed growth is unsustainable and a reset
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needed. >> china is in the moment of momentum transferring old to new. traditional industries are big in size while the emerging industries are smaller. even though they are growing fast, emerging industries cannot make up for slowdown so the overall economy is facing dawnward pressure. >> slower growth is expected to be the new normal for china. already analysts predict the economy to go further this year and government measures such as increasing spending and cutting interest rates aren't expected to help much. >> chinese government leaders are encouraging everyone to spend more, hoping to ship the fry from export dependence to a more sustainable consumer model. encouraging data emerged tuesday. retail spending, own though lower than expected still grew by double digits. the automotive industry is forecast to grow. >> auto sails growth is lower
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than g.d.p. growth but the city industry as a whole doing all right because consumers jump grade their cars. the whole market is developing pretty fast. >> the government is already undertaking structural reforms, slowly changing from a centrally planned economy to a market driven one. that will take time. for now, china is a country that dependency on chinese demand for exports will have to put up with slower chinese growth. al jazeera, beijing. >> despite the bad news from china, the latest output from the international monetary fund said global growth is expected to rise slightly this year, forecast to be 3.5%, a third of a% from last year. the deputy director general for research at the i.m.f. spoke to al jazeera. >> i think that there are two at spect to say what is going on, there are clearly a number of
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economies that are facing very difficult circumstances, think of brazil, russia, oil exporters, can think of the slow down in china and that's high on many people's minds. overall, we still see 2016, which is going to be slightly better than 2015. the economy's picking up a bit, a number of the emerging economies, as well. china representles purchasing power probably 16% of world g.d.p. it's a very large economy and clearly what is happening there has repercussions on the rest of the world. a slowdown in china which implies, you know, less chinese imports, less worry on financial markets is going to have ripples that are felt all across the world, particularly in countries that produce goods for which china is a purchaser, any of commodity exporters for
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instance. we watch of course what is happening there very carefully, but the statistics that we have seen for instance today are very much in line with our forecasts. much more ahead on al jazeera. the new head of the u.n. agency seeks a fairer formula to deal with the syrian refugee crisis.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. you are watching al jazeera. these are our top stories. the u.n. has described the level of violence against civilians in
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iraq as staggering, saying at least 18,000 have lost their lives between the start of 2014 and october, 2015. libya's rival political factions announced the formation of a new unity government. the two sides signed a u.n. backed deal in morocco last month. 32 ministers have been named. >> the chinese economy is growing at its slowest rate in 25 years. government data shows year on year g.d.p. growth slowed by half a% to 6.9%. global economic growth is still expected to rise slightly this year. the final round of aid has been delivered to besieged towns, aid agency given access to towns near the border with lebanon. people have been suffering malnutrition for weeks now due to a lack of food after the towns were besieged by syrian and isil fighters.
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much needed fuel and medical supplies were also delivered to the northwest. planned talks in syria's civil war are likely to be delayed, no agreement on who will be invited to take part in the discussions in geneva next week. james bays reports. >> stefan, the u.n. envoy who is supposed to mediate talks between the syrian government and opposition in a week's time, but it's touch and go whether they'll now go ahead, according to the french foreign minister. >> obviously, we hope that the negotiation will take place, that there are some questions which have to be dealt with. >> the u.n. in new york ambassadors arrived to hear a briefing by video conference from his office in geneva, all still expressing a determination the talks must start on time. >> the talks do go ahead this
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month and what we are going to hear from stench now is what progress he's made on this. >> does it look like the talks on the 25th are going to take place? >> i hope so, i hope so, they must, they must after all the work which has been done. >> the government has problems with the current plan. president vladimir putin was meeting in moscow on talks that focused on the situation in syria, the russian leader it clear he believes the list for the opposition delegation drawn up in saudi arabia should of more secular figures and representation from kurdish groups. there is another problem, even those currently on the opposition list are not yet committed to attend geneva. they want reassurances that what happened last time there were syrian negotiations two years ago won't be repeated. they claim the syrian government was deliberately obstructive and derailed those talks. they want a guarantee that if that happens again, the u.s. and its allies have a plan b.
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it's thought this time around, the format will begin with days of what are known as proximity talks in the u.n.'s headquarters in geneva, the two sides will be kept in separate rooms with the envoy shuttling between them. the envoy said that anyone who takes part in the negotiations in either delegation will not be allowed to be part of the transitional government that the talks are supposed to create, so there are rules in place, but for talks that for now look far from certain. james bays, al jazeera at the united nations. >> the u.n.'s new top refugee administration wants refugees to be treated more fairly. we have a report from a refugee camp. >> two weeks into the job, grappling with the biggest
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refugee crisis the u.n. has seen. it's his first visit as chief to jordan, the small country is swamped with syrian refugees, more than 600,000 are registered. he made clear he would ask european countries to take many more of them. >> we need to be much more am best of my recollection. we are talking about large numbers of not 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, but in the tens of thousands. i don't want to put figures now because we need to discuss with states but that is an important burden sharing. >> he said he was suggesting a solution to a growing number of desperate civilians not allowed into the country. >> we eliminate 17,000 that are at the northeastern border in two locations as you know, we discussed this matter. now let me preface my reply by
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saying that we have full appreciation and understanding for jordan's security concern. >> increasingly, those security concerns in the region and in europe are provoking a backlash against the refugees. >> this is the biggest refugee camp, 80,000 people live here now amounted it's full, no one else is allowed in. it's really just the tip of the iceberg of this unprecedented refugee crisis that's engulfing not just this small country, but the region and countries as far as away as europe. >> u.s. agencies don't have enough funding for the refugees, cutting food rations for hundreds of thousands outside the camps. conditions are so tough, thousands of syrians are leaving jordan and other countries to travel illegally to europe. there's enough food here, but there's not much else. this family has been here for two years. only one child goes to school p.m. he said it's not food or a house they would ask for from
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the refugee commissioner. >> what i want to ask of him is very difficult. i want to return to my home. that's the main thing. we want to return to our home. >> it's what jordan and other countries want, as well, but without a settlement to the increasingly complicated syrian conflict, one that no amount of refugee aid will solve. jane rewrath, refugee camp, jordan. there's been a large explosion in the northern city in mali caused by a land mine targeting a u.n. vehicle. sources said people have been wounded, one is in serious condition. burundi's president promised to get to the bottom of away attack by an armed group. >> the damage done in an attack in the capital that killed at
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least 29 people, most of them fortune errs. the leaders were shown the entrance to the hotel, a ruined cafe across the street and bombed owl shells of cars and motorcycles in between. >> all of the terrorists want is to sew terror in people's hearts. they also want to scare away those willing to invest in our country. our responsibility is to ensure people are safe and continue to have confidence in burkina faso. >> he was the second african leader to visit. on sunday, the prime minister received his mali counterpart. their visits underline the realization that countries need to work together to stem the
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threats from armed groups. >> the country has gone through considerable political turmoil in the past two years, including a coup and a public uprising but this was something the country was not prepared for. >> none of us was expecting this thing of this magnitude to happen so you can imagine the level of the shack that is embedded in the population and citizens to see now that burkina faso is on the list of countries that are under attack by jihadists. >> french and american foreign teams are helping their counterparts in the investigations. the local police say -- >> we weren't totally prepared for this event. our forces aren't trained in
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combating terrorism and we also received information about the attack very late. under the circumstances, though, we tried our best. >> an al-qaeda affiliate claimed responsibility for the attack. in a statement, the group revealed got itties of the three gunmen. they are two mali nationals and an algerian all in their late 20's. the group celebrated the attack on the hotel that it called a den for spice. al jazeera, burkina faso. it's been called a silent epidemic on a global scale but new research shows little progress is made to stem the number of still births. reports by the british medical journal said 2.6 million babies are stillborn every year. 98% of those occur in low and middle income countries, but the report said half could be
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prevented with better quality care. a professor at the lop don school of hygiene and tropical medicine and one of the authors of the report said the problem has been largely ignored. >> over the last 10 years or so towards the end of the millennium development goals era, we have half maternal death with more than half child death. part of that dialogue, they weren't discussed, they didn't have a target. yet, there are similar things to do to prevent still births. better care during delivery, mid wives, appropriate, timely emergency -- there are 200,000 still births happening from syphilous. this is something we've had testing and antibiotics for for decades. it's a case of leadership to make that happen. also prevention of malaria in
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pregnancy accounted have a massive affect. there are solutions both in these settings in africa and asia but also in the u.k. where more than half of still births still have a health system avoidable solution. the filmmaker spike lee and actress jade ping smith are leading a boycott of next month's academy awards. all nominated in the leading actor and supporting actor categories are white. >> they walk the red carpet in hopes of going home with a trophy. this year it is tinged with controversy. spike lee is calling for a boycott of what he describes as a lily white oscars ceremony. no black actor has received a nomination. actress jada pinkett-smith said
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it's time for people of color to disregard the academy awards. >> begging for acknowledgment or even asking diminishes dignity, and diminishes power, and we are a dignified people. that message appears to be gaining traction on social media, the hash tag oscar so white has been quick lyres reacted with users calling this a sequel to last year's saga. >> her is every actor nominated this year, there are 35 in total, take a closer look, just two of them are black, will smith for his performance in concussion and idris elba for supporting role in beasts of no nation. both these faces disappear along with several others when it comes to the oscars. the academy awards traditionally rewarded as the most prestigious
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what an all white nominee list for the second year in a row. >> some say the problem goes deeper. >> the motion picture industry like so many other incidents substitutions is very slow to change, not a very diverse institution. you have a situation where essentially white males are dominating the industry. >> oscar nominees are determined by 6,000 members of the academy. the sad my president issued a statement saying it's time for big changes. we will conduct a review of our membership recruitment in order to bring about much needed diversity. that is a long time coming, some in the industry comment it's easier for a black person to
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become president of the united states than president of a hollywood studio. >> we are certainly going to be keeping an eye on that in the lead up to the oscars as we are on all the stories in our bulletin. anger and frustration over the water crisis in flint, michigan, the growing calls for the governor to step down. economic slowdown, china suffers its weakest growth in 25 years. it could slow down the entire world's economy. >> begging for acknowledgment or even asking diminishes dignity. protesting the oscars, why jada pinkett-smith and others are sitting out