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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 20, 2016 12:00am-12:31am EST

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iraq's prime minister vows to crackdown on sectarianism after a u.n. report describes violence against civilians as "staggering". with the world news in doha in al jazeera. marring through the cold, freesing conditions braced by refugees. -- braved by the refugees. >> our great president for the u.s. a bid for the white house. the oceans will have more
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plastic than fish by 2050. that's according to a new reporreport iraq's prime minister has vowed to go after those fuelling sectarian divisions in the country. he made the pledge during a visit north of baghdad. shia fighters have attacked mosques in the town. >> translation: any weapon out of the control date is in the hands of i.s.i.l. of those who support them. all of these weapons threaten citizens, security and people's properties. those who carry such weapons are supporting i.s.i.l. fighters those comments follow the pb publication of a u.n. report which describes the level of violence against civilians as
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"staggering". if says nearly 19,000 civilians were killed between the start of 2014 and october last year. many have been forces from their home. 3500 civilians are still being held as slaves by i.s.i.l., most of them thought to be women and children. our correspondent has more from the iraqi capital. >> reporter: a new u.n. report pointing to a staggering number of civilian lives that have been lost in iraq because of the crisis in this country. the latest u.n. report points to approximately 19,000 civilians who lost their lives between january and october of 2015 because of the conflict throughout this company. now, in addition to that the report also points to 3.2 million internally displaced people in iraq. of that number one million of them are children. it is a dire humanitarian crisis here that has only gotten worse,
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not just because of the rise of i.s.i.l. and because they have taken up so much territory here in iraq but also because of the conflicts going on, the clashes with i.s.i.l., also because of the number of internally displaced and rising sectarian violence. there are several reasons why this crisis is as bad as it is. take, for example, the north of iraq. my team and i were in elbil just a couple of weeks ago. we saw many from the community, camps for the internally displaced. they cannot return to sinjar, even though sinjar has been clear, but they cannot return there because of the devastated infrastructure but i.s.i.l. still has a stronghold close by. take for example another province, an area where there was rising tensions in the past week. sunni families began to flee many saying they're afraid to go back because they're afraid to be targeted by shia militias.
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all of the workers we have spoken to said it is only going to get worse breaking news of reports that three gunmen have attacked a university in north-west pakistan. let's go live to our correspondent. what more details do you have? >> reporter: details that are emerging is that the [indistinct] according to reports and also police forces at least three attackers are said to have entered this university which has, approximately, about 3,000 students. they're saying that they have at least one loud explosion and they can still hear the gunfire. the security forces,
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particularly the police, a heavy contingent to the area. the situation is still very unclear as to what is going on inside because the area is ungulfed in thick fog thank you for that. three gunmen have attacked a university in north-west pakistan. obviously we will have more on that as we get it here. i.s.i.l. has confirmed the death of one of its most infamous members. british citizen became notorious for killing hostages in execution-style killing. he was killed in a drone strike in syria in november. in syria, people trapped in besieged parts in ghouta are burning garbage to keep their
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homes warm. many homes have been cut off for two years. the blockades have sent fuel price is skyrocketing. >> reporter: scraps of wood, pieces of garbage, anything that burns, are pushed into the home-made stove. >> translation: we made this heater. we don't have diesel fuel so make sure we stay warm. >> reporter: she and her father use pots and pans, old pipes and bits of metal to build the family's only source of warmth. it is almost impossible to get heating fuel. the things they would normally burn now cost far too much. >> translation: you see this, the charcoal? we can't even use this. it is too expensive. every now and then we use some so we can keep everyone warm.
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>> reporter: bargaining and hagg meddling used to be common. there's no negotiation now. for most people prices are impossibly high. >> translation: some of the wood here is from old houses. people pull them down because this is all they have to sell. some of the wood i sell costs up to 100 syrian pounds. people can't pay that price. they don't have the money. some people can't even make 100 liras per day so how can they buy this? >> reporter: this man and his neighbors are cut off from fresh water, food and medicine. even winter seems to have turned against them the flow of refugees into europe continues despite harsh winter weather. 100,000 new rivals in greece,
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and thousands are caught in subzero temperatures as they cross the balkins. >> reporter: many thought winter would stop the flow of refugee. but they haven't. snow and ice have not stopped then. >> love lost my father and youngster. >> reporter: the police register the rivals-- arrivals, not the long lines that we saw in summer, but there are some 1500 people in this camp. it is funded by the e.u., but aid groups say the government is most concerned with deterring people from coming. >> unilateral actions from different areas to suddenly close borders have pushed people to more dangerous routes.
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more and more people are resorting to smuggling routes to cross through the area. >> reporter: invariably they say they want go to germany. they fear more borders. people are coming under these desperate conditions it is likely that this year will be as every bit as momentous for the one that has just passed the u.s. coast guard has called off the search for 12 marines whose helicopters crashed off hawaii. they have been missing since last friday. four empty life rafts have been found. china's economy has forced the international monetary fund to cut the forecasts.
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the i mf says the world economy will grow by around 3.4% in 20616. that's roughly 0.2% lower than estimates back in october. it says emerging economies like brazil are being damaged by weak prices for commodities such as copper, iron and oil. in the u.s. tea party favorite sarah palin has backed donald trump as nominee for president >> our support for the next president of our great united states of america donald j trump the former governor is the highest profile republican so far to endorse any of the potential candidates. she was the party's nominee for vice president eight years ago. >> we are ready for a change. we are ready and our troops deserve the best. a new commander in chief whose track record of success has proven he is the master at the art of the deal, he is one who
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would know to negotiate. only one candidate's record of success proves he is the master of the art of the deal. he is beholden to no-one but we the people. how refreshing he is perfectly positioned to let you make america great again joe watkins is a former white house aid to george bush. he said it could him donald trump win the primaries. >> if you win the caucuses, you will have enough steam to win the primary. it doesn't automatics work out that way. that he is what he is hoping for. he has a sizeable lead in new hampshire but not in iowa. he has less than two weeks left to capitalise on this because the caucus is two weeks away. he has got a lot of challenges
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ahead of him in order to show that he is the front runner and winning iowa is the first challenge. whoever the republican nominee is going to have to mover to the center once they win the republican nomination. you can't win the election if you're too far to the right or too far to the left nor the u.s. once in a while you get really concerned of candidates who winl elections. in recent cycles we haven't seen any far to far either side win an election. if donald trump becomes republican nominee, and it is still too early to tell, he would have to move back to the center. he is seen as tilted to the right. he has to tilt more to the center to attract people who will help them win time for a short break. when we come back, the charity efforts of the world's second richest man are criticized for
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welcome back. an i'm reminder of the top stories. three gunmen have opened fire in a university in north pakistan. it has entered the university shooting at students and teachers. eyewitnesses heard one loud explosion and gunfire. iraq's prime minister has vowed to go after those fuelling sectarian divisions in the country. he made the pledge during a
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pledge just north of baghdad. shia fighters in the town have been accused of attacking sunni businesses. sarah palin has officially backed donald trump as the new president. he has the highest profile in the republican so far. the colombian government and farc rebels will also the security council to monitor them. the talks were in havana. the leader of the group said it was a significant step in ending the conflict which has lasted more than 50 years. >> reporter: the negotiating sides say this is a crucial announcement that shows how close they are. they're asking the united nations to set up a mission in colombia that will verify mooned tore the compliance of the agreements that will come out of a final deal to end the conflict
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in colombia. they the work together with other observers coming from a regional organization of latin american and carribean countries. together they will set up a mechanism to settle kon trov cease and they will also put forward the recommendations and present reports under demobilization of rebels on sunday. al jazeera reported that work is already underway in new york at the u.n. to prepare this mission and in coming days the government will present a formal request to the u.n. security council to vote on this mission. some details negotiations are complicated ones need to be ironed out but everything here seems to indicate that however not imminent a final deal definitely seems to be coming
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close lawyers for joaquin guzman says his constitutional rights are being violated. he was arrested earlier this month and sent to the same high security prison from which he escaped last july. a pink mansion has been demolished in miami beach. it was seized by the government in 1987. a more contemporary home will be built. the world's oceans may have more plastic debris than fish in 2050. almost a third of all plastic packaging escaped collection systems. it then finds its way into natural ecosystems, including the oceans. the ceo of plastic pollution
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coalition says there's no mechanic annual p annism by dealing with this >> it may sound astonishing, but it is the truth. this is what is happening, we're doing this what's prompted this report, then, from the world economic forum. they're an unlikely source for this information, aren't they? >> the foundation, i believe, produced the report which came out today. it's called the new plastics economy, rethinking the future of plastics. they layout various points, but i think a very important point to make and everyone should note is that we all have the power to do something to reduce the amount of plastic that we use on a daily basis. when we talk about plastic, one of the really big problems that we focus is on one use plastics because they have been designed, meant to be used for a short amount of time. they deliver a lot of our food and beverages to us and there's no system in place that helps take these materials back, nor
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do something with them afterwards. so many of them are down cycled or land filled let's just talk about the impact of this, then, on our oceans. what harm is all of this then doing to marine life, to our oceans because those are sort of dramatic pictures we see on our tv screens >> what it's doing to our oceans is it is impact thing the entire ecosystems. if you from a country or the culture and you depend on the ocean as part of your primary livelihood or for your protein source, potentially the fish, et cetera, that you count on to eat is ingesting plastic and not only that, they're getting entangled in it, they are having their - they're dying from having stomachs full of it. also these plastics when they get into the ocean are trapped
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to other things, like ddt and other chemicals. they are found that one tiny bit of plastic can have up to a million times the pollute tants attached to the surface. these are absorbed into the flesh of the animal, the fish, and they are potentially coming up to us let me get a final thought. so what can governments and the international community do politically? can governments be forced to legislate against plastics? >> i would say that any government that is alarmed by this new report and this information can take major steps to choose alternative materials right now and cut down on the amount of single use and disposable packaging that they're allowing to be produced in their country. they can also implement extended producer responsibilities.
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so that these materials are required to take them back in the u.s. the governor of michigan has apologised for the water crisis in the city of flint. he is facing calls for his resignation. supplies were poisoned with led when the local government tried to save money by taking water from a river. >> reporter: hundreds of protesters have shown up here to protest the governor. he is about to give his state of address. they want him fired or criminally charged for the water crisis in flint, michigan, the city of about a hundred thousand people. the water supply there was tainted over the last year or so by led leaching into the water pipes. after the city changed its water source. that was a decision that came irtsz directly or indirectly from the governor. tonight the governor is
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apologising for all this. he is asking for 28 million dollars to go to cleaning up this mess and to offer clean water to the citizens. nobody knows when the water system will be cleaned up enough so that people can get clean water from their faucets. the president obama has also ordered that a number of the departments offer their services to coordinate the recovery efforts here. about 5 million dollars so far from the president to help in the clean up of water and testing for children who might have been exposed to led by the bad water more stars, including george clooner are criticizing the award ceremony. no black actors have been nominated for the last two years in the ons cars. >> reporter: after rolling out an all-white roster of best
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actor and actress nominees for the second year in a row, the motion picture academy is under fire. the academy overlooked performances including michael b jordan's new movie, one in beasts of nation and the straight out of compton, amongst others. even the co-producer of the broadcast who is african of-american says he is upset >> what is especially frustrating is when movies like compton, like creed, when the casts get over looked. you go, oh, man. >> reporter: many people took to social media to vent their anger
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with the hashtag oscar so white trending on twitter. why are the oscars so white again this year? some observers say hollywood doesn't provide enough good roles for black actors, but many others cite the make up of the academy itself, who is 6200 members are overwhelmingly older male and white. >> reporter: the president of the academy says she is trying to boost diversity. >> what is important is that this entire conversation of diversity is here and that we are talking about it and i think we will not just talk because people will say, well, don't just talk, you've got to do >> reporter: british actor says lack of diversity is not just a u.s. problem. >> i didn't go to america because i couldn't get parts. i went to america because i was running out the of parts >> reporter: we asked the public what they thought >> i don't think it's good.
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i don't think it's right. there's a lot of black talent in hollywood >> many of the positions, producers, directors, executive producers, it's very much still a white neighborhood >> this is not like black actors is not performing. when it comes down to the oscars and everything, they get the short end of the stick again >> reporter: hollywood and the film industry worldwide now being forced to take a hard look at itself the charity efforts of billionaire bill gates have come under fight. a group has accused the foundation that he established with his wife of favoring corporate interests. >> reporter: for so long the world's rich entity man who announced he would give most of it away and tends his time and resources on the poor. his korngs has with great--
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corporation has suffered malaria, tb and aids in the developing world. his powerful friends gather and say his corporation has been too powerful and not be the force for good many world leaders say it is. the study from the pressure group global justice now paints a picture of the foundation partly as an expression of corporate america's desire to profit from africa and a damning critique of its effects >> you could have a case where the initial research is done by a gates funded institution. the media reporting on how well that research is conducted is against funded outlet. maybe a gates funded journalist from a media program. the program is implemented more widely by a gates funded ngo. there are some ensue lar circles here. among the many criticisms that private finance can solve the
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problems of the developing world. should more farmers be trapped into debt by having to use chemicals or fertilizers underwritten by off shoots of the foundation. private finance initiatives like the one behind this hospital paid for partly by mr gaites has already come under attack. this costs more 50% of the its entire health budgets. some aid experts have warned that the focus on high profile headline grabbing diseases undermines wider attempts by african governments to reduce the poverty that causes them >> they have not been interested with looking at strengthening the health system as a whole. they've been more interested in the delivery of specific interventions, albeit interventions that are important, but they've not considered the long-term requirements for sustain annuality and also the requirements for all the other diseases and interventions that
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are also important in africa >> reporter: global justice now had this response: >> reporter: supporters of giving would say critics of mr gates say whether it is right that one foundation with more money than entire african countries should wield so much power and influence an unusual effort to clean up peru is taking off. the campaign called vultures detect is hopefully soaring towards a cleaner, greener future. the giant zcanavngers getting
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views of dumping. the rivers are clogged with assuming and rubbish. a quick reminder. you can keep up-to-date with all the news on our website. there it is on your screen. the address aljazeera.com. jazeera.co good evening. welcome to america tonight. i'm lisa fletcher in for joie chen. only one day after west africa was announced ebola free, the vire