stepping up the fight against i.s.i.l. - defence ministers in paris, as the groups faces losses against iran-syria. good to have you with us, i'm david foster, good to have you with us. taliban - attack on a university that left 20 dead and dozens wounded. down raids break up what they've been calling a sophisticated people smuggling ring in germany. >> 2015 said to be the hottest
era on earth since records began. began. for all 26 countries if n the coalition have been called tonne do a little more. a meeting has been planned for three weeks from now to discuss how better to do that. i.s.i.l. losses a quarter of its territory, keen to capitalize on the gains. 7 of the biggest contributors met in paris, the u.s. and france hosting australian, british, dust, german and italian foreign ministers. missing is russia. they were not invited to the talks. let's hear from the u.s. secretary of french saying training syrian opposition groups is one of the best ways to bring down i.s.i.l., more
from joeled -- jacky rowland, who is there. >> reporter: this is the first high-level meeting with the countries engaged with i.s.i.l. their objective to intensify the campaign against i.s.i.l. in irish and syria. the u.s. navy launches bombing raids from an aircraft carrier in the golf. the coalition wants to weaken i.s.i.l., and degrade its ability to capture and control the territory. part of the strategy is to target the oil. the british defence ministry images shows jets targetting oil facilities controlled by i.s.i.l. in eastern syria. western leaders need to counter oil's message -- i.s.i.l.'s message. >> we should keep fighting the organization, we'll root them
out on the ground and in people's minds. when it comes to the fighting on the ground, the coalition depends on iraqi or syrian forces. several countries are providing them with training. there's no talk with putting their own boots on the ground. >> we are, as johnny indicated, enabling local motivated forces, wherever i.s.i.l. has spread, as the only practical strategic approach, not only to grating i.s.i.l., but sustaining its defeat therefore. >> it was a large gathering. nevertheless there were absences from the table. russia, which is carrying out its own air strikes, and turkey, serving as a route for fighters and supplies. >> we saw this in afghanistan and i don't think it was hugely successful in afghanistan.
the second main reservation is that two important partners are missing, which is turkey and russia there's a war between turkey and russia. >> the meeting is focused on iraq and syria. i.s.i.l. is gaining strength in libya and extends further into africa and europe. i.s.i.l. is not a conventional enemy, and this is not a conventional war. the battle lines are shifting, sometimes to the heart of western capitals. >> another meeting will be called in three weeks time bringing together a larger group of coalition members, an acknowledgment that i.s.i.l. is proving more tenacious than expected i mentioned that russia watt not there. even though it's bombing i.s.i.l., it was not invited to paris. the u.s. secretary of state john kerry had a meet-up with the
russian foreign minister sergey lavrov in zurich. russia and the u.s. have not agreed on who should representatives the position at the negotiating table, and talks about the syrian wore coming up. there are indications that the talks can be delayed by a few days. >> we don't have thoughts on moving the start of talks from january to february. this is the position of russia and the united states. we are confident in the coming days the talks will win. >> the day after a shipment of aid arrived in madaya al jazeera has been out asking, talking to the people that there. they were grateful for the food and the medicine, but they want the siege to end. >> translation: first of all, i have to say thank god for what we have received. let's face it, it is little. it will not be enough.
what the u.n. brought you us may last 15 days. if the siege conditions, we'll have the same misery. we need help. the world must do something about the horror. >> translation: the u.n. help is good. it's never enough. people are dying of hunger, starving, any hope cannot feed the children. we are cooking, we are hungry, worried about what will happen next. there's not enough milk, we thank the world for everything. all we want them to do is lift the siege, open the roads so we don't have to be stuck here. >> the hardship is here. it didn't go anywhere. there's no wood, no heating oil, nothing, what can i tell you. the swags is miserable -- situation is miserable. we hope they open the road and lift the siege. the sooner the better. >> i.s.i.l. fighters destroyed the oldest christian church in
iraq. the monastery was made into a pile of rubble. >> it was built more than 100 years ago. i.s.i.l. fighters who have control of large parts of iraq and syria have destroyed historic buildings which they consider to be contrary to the interpretation of islam. >> the prime minister of iraq has said that he will go after those people who are fuelling sectarian divisions in his country. scott heidler was in a place north of baghdad. their government-backed shia fighters attacked sunni owned businesses and mosques. civilians are caught in the crossfire. here is mohammed jamjoom in baghdad the streets look calm, the mood is tense. schoolchildren are back in classrooms and bike ris are selling bred black bakeries are selling bread once more. rem nans of violence are easy to stop. from the wreckage of a cafe
because it was frequented by militiamen, to the bournt out remains of -- burnt out remains of a market burnt out in reprisal attacks. >> sunnis are accused of harbouring terrorism and siding with i.s.i.l. >> reporter: this family is so scared they asks us to blur their faces and not reveal their names. the last thing they wanted to do was leave. >> translation: we were ordered to go. i took my children out of school. i'm living in a room i can barely remove. >> reporter: for the timebeing they have moved to baquba city and have no idea when or if they can go back. >> translation: many houses owned by sunnis were firebombed. members of the community were killed. we have nothing but the mercy of god. >> reporter: this is in diyala
province with a population of sunnis and shias. since i.s.i.s. was pushed out of the town. shias were mainly in charged. anger against the sunnis has been rising. when the prime minister visited he vowed to restore security for all residents. to many lawmakers, the promises are hollow, and they are accusing the government of the not doing more to rein in militias, and protect sunni citizens. >> in diyala, foreign minister, there has been violations in towns and villages, we see the retaliatory attacks. the government is not able to control the action or the reaction. >> as it battles i.s.i.l., and confronts a growing crisis, iraq's security forces and government are stretched thin. the threat of rising sectarian
violence makes an already volatile situation that much more dire. . >> a volatile gun attack - 20 is the death tall ot a university m bacchus kahn, outside the peshawar capital, 40km from where the taliban called 140 people in a school attack in december 2014. however, the pakistan taliban says it was not behind the latest deadly attacks and condemned a splinter group. we have more.
>> reporter: security forces control the buildings. gunman scaled the walls, and buildings, and opened fire on students and teachers. >> reporter: we heart fire from the back of the campus, we thought some from fighting. gun fire increased. we said stay in the rooms, don't go out. security forces came. >> classes at the university began for the day. 3,000 student study here. hundreds of others were at the university. 600 special guests were there to mark the death of a man the university was named after. he was the founder of the rural anti-taliban political party. the university is in the same region where fighters attacked a school in december 2014. killing 134 children.
that attack was linked to the pakistan taliban. reaction spurred the officials to crack down on the taliban and other fighters. hundreds of suspects were killed or arrested. in this latest attack security combed the campus for hours, looking for gunmen. they are confident they have killed them all. investigations are under way. thousands of families and students have been left to mourn the dead suicide bombers killed seven after detonate ag a device -- detonating a device near kabul. a bus in relation to an afghan tv channel was the target. no one has said they were behind the attack still to come - the russian president - could he be implicated in the murder of former spy litvinenko. and have as trollologiers
u.s. defense secretary ash carter's called for a meeting involving all 26 countries of the coalition taking on i.s.i.l. as the alliance looks to intensify its campaign against the group. secretary of state john kerry and the russian foreign minister sergey lavrov say there are no plans to move the date of next week's talks, ending the war on syria, despite disagreement over who will be invited. >> a splinter group said it was
behind the attack from the city of peshawar, leaving 20 dead. those are the headlines. police in turkey and germany say they have broken up a sophisticated people smuggling ring. officers say that syrian refugees were sent across the mediterranean in freight ships. 39 were arrested. germany's federal police chief said the trackers would have been responsible for the death of refugees. >> those who cram more than 1,700 into the holding space of a run down cargo vessel ready for the scrap heat and set the autopilots for the coast line, and get themselves to safety and lead their own people to their own space, should accept the death of those people on board. dozens of refugees are spotted in the water near the
turkish coast. they were abandoned by people smugglers. they were rescued by the greek coast guard and taken to a reception center where they are given dry clothes. germany's president says 60 million people are fleeing their homes. many are heading to europe a british court ordered four syrians living at the calais camp in france should be brought to the u.k. to live with their relatives. the immigration and asylum tribunal heard that the young man included teenagers, and a mentally ilpatient faced intolerable conditions. it's thought it could set a precedent allowing others at the camp to seek asylum cuban migrants stranded in
costa rica for some weeks are arriving in the united states. they are among 8,000 allowed to make their way north, as part of a pilot programme. they were stuck in costa rica after nicaragua closed its border in mid-november the world economic forum is taking place in davos, in wits, a summit that could be overshadowed by the falling price of oil and china reporting its lowest economic growth in a century. we have this report from davos. >> you are quarantined two things in davos, snow and economic news, usually positive. on day one in 2016, the news was mostly bad, a fall on the markets, a drop in the price of oil. we have talked about economic recovery, now it's a situation potentially worse than the crisis of 2007. the organization for economic
cooperation and development reckons we are out of ammunition. it's time, according to the secretary-general for a change in thinking. >> we continue to rely on the central banks. they have run out of ammunition, because they are the heroes of the last five years. it's time for the finance ministers, for the trade, for the innovation minister, for education ministers, it's a time to go structural. it's a time to go green, it's a time to go institutional. social. it's a time to do all the structural measures that we did not take. >> is it too late. markets and currencies are crashing. here in europe, where the brakes are strongly applied, it's a struggle to get moving again. >> i think we should have worked harder in europe, and elsewhere to cut debt. restructure debt more aggressively than we did, and we
made a mistake in not boosting demand. take this for years, we introduced austerity too soon in the u.k., the eurozone has been much to us. we don't get momentum. so the davos talk goes on. how bad are things really, what do we do now. opinions are as abundant as the snow. >> some may struggle with a slogan that says committed to improve the world. when it's a rich ski area in the middle of winter. what davos tries to do is bring peel together, to -- people together to get them talking, including those struggling with international relations. think of russia. it's become involved in the war in syria, fallen out with turkey and accused of adopting a cold war mentality, finding partners here is important. >> it was mentioned that russia
should be treated with report. we believe isolations that many impose will become a thing of the past as many understand that russia wants to be an integrated player in the world's economy and do a good thing in the world. >> with oil taking a dive below 28 k/hr, and so much of the economy dependent on its health, russia nose 2016 will -- knows 2016 will be tough. to think it's only january now, we will talk about litvinenko, and the results of an inquire yist former russian -- inquiry of the former russian spy. it is expected to implicate two men from moscow and possibly the russian president vladimir putin. that has been welcomed by mr litvinenko's widow.
that's not clear what will happen alexander litvinenko seen with his wife was a former russian spy turned critic, who received political asylum in britain. that is not disputed. what is is how he was poisoned in 2006. as he lay daying, his wife accused the president of ordering his killing. he was working for the u.k.'s intelligence service mi6, a month before accusing moscow of being behind the murder of investigative journalist anna potskeyer. he became ill and it was dislovered that he drank tea full of plutonium. a u.k. government resisted an inquiry on the basis of
protecting information between russia and british. it finally got clear. >> i make it clear i intend to make public my final conclusion on the issue of state responsibility, together with as much as possible of my reasoning in that regard. >> the u.k. fails to get the two men suspected. both denied involvement. one of them, andre lieuinga voi is a member of the russian lower house of parliament. the other, dmitri cop den offered to appear via video link, saying he'd produce documents proving his innocence. he never did either. payne taking evidence was presented. it matched discoveries of traces in london locations to the movements of lieuinga voi and compton. >> the evidence as demonstrated step by painstaking step, that vladimir putin and his personal cabal are implicated in
organized crime. that they are willing to murder those that stand in their way, and that mr litvinenko was murdered for that reason. >> if that is the inquiry's conclusion, lit ven wrongo's widow -- litvinenko's widow is to lead charges. tough punitive measures have been ruled against particularly at a time when russia is involved in syria and their involvement is crucial. hundreds of protesters broke into moldova's parliament after that body approved a new government ending deadlock. protesters wanted the vote to be cancelled and tried to force their way into the building.
>> well, the clashes continued in the western tunisian city. thousands protesting about the government. saying it turned its back on a region hit by unemployment. as confrontations continue, authorities impose a curfew. >> security forces trying to break up an angry crowd. firing tear gas, and water cannon to pave the way for the police to advance. the protesters ran through alleyways, regrouped and staged a comeback. thousands of young people mostly unemployed will say they have been marginalized by the government. >> the government - he send someone for help. he don't do anything to steal the money. >> we have nothing here. we are abandoned. there are people that graduated six years ago, but never managed
to find a job. >> discontent is simmering. anti-government sentiment is on the rise. local people accuse the government of the favouring rich coastal areas at the expanse of all regions in the south and at the center of the country. this is a delicate moment for the government. imposing austerity measures, at the same time, as you can see, there are thousands here and across the country asking for immediate solutions to the problems of poverty and unemployment. as violence continues, the governor tries to diffuse tension. but this angry crowd hits back shouting "we need acts, not words." >> we gave the protesters guarantees, they were convinced. unfortunately there's a minority on the streets, causing violence. >> peaceful demonstrations and dialogue are the only way to solve social problems.
>> this is the worst crisis facing the government in months, there are signs protests might spread across the country. a critical moment for security forces who, not far from here, face a major threat. they are on the offensive, hunting down armed groups in the mountains. last year was the hottest year ever recorded on earth. that was the finding announced by n.a.s.a., and the u.s. oceanic and atmospheric administration on wednesday. they've been looking at more than 130 years of records. tom ackerman has that story. >> reporter: this visualization shows the long-term warming trend on earth, since the industrial age began. the orange colours indicate a steady progress of temperatures, especially in the northern
hemisphere where carbon dioxide is highest. since 2002 we have seen nine of the 10 warmers years since record keeping began. in 2015 the average temperature across the planet was 20% higher than the previous higher year. in the u.s., last month was the warmest and wettest ever partly accountable to the periodic el nino weather effect. the trend is not just felt on land. more than 90% of human generated heat and energy winds up in the ocean. a study by the u.s. energy department found the amount of heat put into the sea doubled. despite a broad consensus, acceptance of global warming and human responsibility for it is a political issue in the u.s. a leading republican presidential candidate donald trump, with others in the party denies that it is real. >> i think there'll be a little change here.
it will go up, get a little cooler, get warmer than it has. it will get cooler, it's weather. >> but the democratic contenders ranked it among the serious concerns. >> the debate is over, climate change is real. it's casing problems. and if we do not act boldly and decisively, a bad situation will become worse. >> in his last year as president. president obama ordered a freeze on leases on public land, saying he recognises the impact of fossil fuels on climate change. >> nobody is saying it, but as tromonners believe there could be a ninth planet on the edge of the solar system. they are from the solar system. they could be 10 times the size of earth. if it's not enough. it is 200 times further away
from the sun than we are. they reckon it's there, bus they felt its pull. they haven't seen it yet. aljazeera.com, more news. aljazeera.com. >> each year, nearly 12 million arrests are made in the united states. >> is this pretty full for you guys? >> no, no this is just average, i guess you could say. >> okay. >> that's the population of los angeles and new york combined, booked into thousands of local jails. >> do you know how long some of these men have been held here? >> mmmm. i don't, off the top of my head, i don't. >> okay.